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HCB March 2015 Contents
Volume 36 Number 3

Jacob Stolt-Nielsen 3

GHS experts conclude the biennium 4
Changes in the 6th edition of GHS 9
Regulatory News 10

Comment: Job for life

30 Years Ago in HCB 12
The View from the Porch Swing 13

I was two years old when Jacob Stolt-Nielsen set up the company that still bears his name. SAFETY
Incident Log 14
He was chairman for 50 straight years and on the board for another five before finally
Cefic updates security guidelines 18
stepping down this past December. Thats the sort of career that few people manage.
His death last month (see page 3) teaches us two things. Firstly, giving up work is TRAINING/CONFERENCES
not necessarily a good thing. And secondly, he was a real one-off not only a masterful Training Courses 23
businessman but also a technician and innovative designer. It was, after all, his idea to Conference Diary 26
develop tankers to carry parcels of different chemicals in bulk; he was also quick to seize on
the business synergies between tanker vessels and the terminals they serve, and to spot the STORAGE TERMINALS
opportunities offered by tank containers. Antwerp bucks liquids trend 29
It is sad that Jacobs retirement did not last long. Most of us, I suspect, look forward to a CDI updates terminal questionnaire 35
good few easier years in old age, hopefully in good health, sufficiently well funded and with New capacity demand in south-east Asia 38
Things to look out for at StocExpo 41
the companionship of a loved partner. Unfortunately we will not all achieve that.
Doedijns discusses sampling 49
Getting older does have its upside. Im finding that some of the people I met 20 years ago
Storage News 50
or more, who were then in managerial positions, are now executives; they may remember me Profile: ENDEGS Kai Sievers 58
from back then and be helpful with my journalistic enquiries. Ideally we all get a bit wiser Introducing Watco Companies 61
as we get older, and we are less likely to be frightened by adverse business conditions after Fourth quarter lifts Vopak results 62
all, weve seen it before. Concrete Canvas wins new fans 65
On the downside, I no longer feel up to joining the younger crowd at the bar for a late- Looking ahead to Tank World Expo 68
night networking session when Im off at a conference, even though it might theoretically be
good from a professional point of view, and long-haul flights get increasingly hard to cope TANKS & LOGISTICS
with. A bit of a nap in the afternoon seems an attractive even productive way of spending Klinge Corp updates refrigeration units 73
time. Den Hartogh stresses the human element 76
VTG held back by politics 78
At the same time, the pace of business is relentless and, thanks to instant communication,
Tank & Logistics News 79
getting faster all the time. In the dangerous goods/hazmat world we are used to measuring
Paul Gooch on asset utilisation 82
out our lives by the biennial tick-tock of regulatory updates, but now we have the added
pressures of GHS and the security provisions to deal with (see pages 4 and 18, respectively). CHEMICAL DISTRIBUTION
Then there are the quite massive changes to the business environment we have witnessed Azelis under new ownership 86
over the past decade or so, not least the sudden emergence of China. We have all had to Chemical Distribution News 88
rethink our mental maps of challenges and opportunities. The changes are ongoing and,
while operators of mobile assets can reposition their capacity, it is harder for operators of IBCs
stationary facilities such as terminals and petrochemical plants. The emergence of new Mauser concentrates on the life cycle 93
centres of business, with the growth of the greater Singapore area as a prime example, Schtz adds to clean containers 94
Finnconts latest all-plastics unit 95
forces us to look at what we are doing in new ways.
Werit focuses on high-density products 96
For HCB, that has meant investigating and investing in electronic means of delivering our
Listing of IBC manufacturers 97
information, not only to access new and tech-savvy audiences but also to get news to readers Industrial Packaging News 97
with the speed they increasingly expect. It also means considering providing that information
in different ways, to cater to an audience that craves a more interactive experience. NOT OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
On the other hand, the way that ageing concertinas our expectations also makes me, as The lighter side of the business 100
an individual, stop and wonder whether I really need to understand the latest changes in
technology. What can I gain from getting to grips with Snapchat or Instagram? Cant I just NEXT MONTH
leave that to the youngsters who will be and in many cases already are in charge of Road tanker manufacturing
things? LPG tanker shipping
Warehousing and distribution
Then again, the lure of the constant change in our business keeps pulling me back. The
Labelling and compliance
regulations are not going to stop changing any time soon and I know our readers will be
looking to us to help them keep up with things.
The comforting message from that, at least, is that anyone who becomes any kind of FRONT COVER
expert in the world of dangerous goods has a job for life. Peter Mackay Image sponsored by Emerson Process Management

regulations September 2014 HAZARDOUSCARGOBULLETIN

HCB March 2015

Jacob Stolt-Nielsen, 1931-2015

One of the biggest names in the chemical ships of the time were not up to the task
transport world, Jacob Stolt-Nielsen, died of handling petrochemials, vegoils and
on February 15 at his home in Oslo. tallow. Piping ran along the bottom of
He was 83. the hull and had a tendency to leak. He
Jacob Stolt-Nielsen was a true pioneer, realised that the application of submersible
creating the template for the deepsea pumps, already in use in the water supply
chemical parcel tanker trades with the sector, could overcome this problem. At
formation of Parcel Tankers, Inc in 1959, the age of 24 he personally oversaw the
the forerunner of what is now Stolt conversion of a tanker, Freddy, to his new
Tankers. concept: the 13,500-tonne vessel was fitted
To support the deepsea business, with leak-proof cargo compartments with
Stolt-Nielsen moved into tank storage, individual deep-well submersible pumps.
establishing Stolthaven Terminals in 1971; The ship was an immediate success and
today the firm operates 20 bulk liquids proved profitable far beyond expectations.
storage terminals around the globe with Some years later when he came to
an aggregate capacity of nearly 4.4m m3. build his first new ship, it was named Stolt
It also pioneered the idea of the owners employs more than 5,000 people in 42 Avance, a nod towards his grandfathers
berth, designed to improve efficiency and offices around the world. first ship. And the Avance name is
reduce ship turnaround times. Jacob Stolt-Nielsen leaves behind his carried on through the companys young
Jacob Stolt-Nielsen was quick to spot wife of 48 years, Nadia; two daughters gas shipping wing. Ten years later the
the challenges and opportunities offered Siri and Lise; and two sons: Jacob B company had grown to a fleet of 11 owned
by the development of the tank container Stolt-Nielsen, a director of Stolt-Nielsen and 21 chartered vessels. Today Stolt
concept, setting up Stolt Tank Containers Ltd, and Niels G Stolt-Nielsen, CEO of Tankers has more than 150 ships under its
now one of the largest operators in the Stolt-Nielsen Ltd. control.
world in 1982. Over the course of his career, Jacob
His interests ranged wider than An innovative mind Stolt-Nielsen received recognition from all
chemical shipping, however. Jacob Jacob Stolt-Nielsen was born in manner of organisations. The Connecticut
Stolt-Nielsen founded Stolt Sea Farm in Haugesund, Norway, to a shipowning Maritime Association presented him
1972, pioneering yet another developing family. He showed a commercial aptitude with the Commodore Award in 1991;
industrial sector in Norway. Initially from an early age, collecting herring that the Norwegian-American Chamber of
farming largely salmon, the company fell at the docks and selling them door- Commerce gave him its Achievement
branches out into sole, turbot and sturgeon, to-door. While at school he set up a firm Award in 1993 and its Louisiana Chapter
and is now recognised as a global leader in to design, manufacture and sell kitchen honoured him with its Image Award in
high-tech aquaculture. Stolt-Nielsen also exhaust fans a much-needed item in 2001; he was inaugurated by Babson
followed the development of Norways homes where a lot of herring was being College as a member of its Academy
offshore oil and gas industry, setting up prepared. of Distinguished Entrepreneurs; he was
Stolt-Nielsen Seaway in 1973 to provide At the age of 23 Jacob Stolt-Nielsen inducted in the International Maritime
diving and subsea services. He was also was working in the shipping industry in Hall of Fame in 2002; his contribution to
co-founder and first chairman of Det London, and identified that there was the promotion of Filipino seafarers in the
Norske Oljeselskap (DNO). money to be made in the tanker business chemical tanker sector was recognised by
Jacob Stolt-Nielsen served as chairman but in shipping chemical solvents and the government of the Philippines with its
of Stolt-Nielsen Ltd, the company he vegoils rather than crude oil. He also Outstanding Shipping Executive Award
founded in 1959, until 2009; having identified that New York was the centre of in 2006; and in 2008 the John B Lacson
stepped down, he remained as a director that business and eventually found a desk Foundation Maritime University conferred
until his retirement just a few months ago in a broking house there. on him an honorary Doctor of Maritime
in December 2014. Today the company Stolt-Nielsen also realised that the Science degree.

regulations March 2015 HCB

New in
ghs Any idea that the
Purple Book might be
finished needs to be put to
one side. The GHS experts
had plenty to discuss at
their December session
and a substantial number
of significant amendments
were adopted

The UN Sub-committee of Experts on the

Globally Harmonised System of classification
and labelling of chemicals (GHS) held its
28th session this past December 10 to 12,
immediately ahead of the seventh session of
its parent Committee that was due to endorse
the amendments that had been agreed to the
fifth revised edition of GHS.
The GHS Sub-committee, therefore, had TDG matters use and workplace sectors (and in particular
little time to make further changes on top of After confirming the decisions taken at for storage). The GHS Sub-committee
those agreed at the earlier three sessions of the previous three sessions, the GHS Sub- decided therefore to examine the need for
the 2013-14 biennium. Nevertheless, there committee moved on to look at what its sister hazard communication associated with the
was some ongoing work to attend to, some TDG Sub-committee had been talking about, hazards of flammable gases evolved from
of which harked back to discussions that had beginning with the classification of polymeric substances and mixtures and entrusted the
taken place at the session of the UN Sub- beads, expandable (UN 2211). It endorsed the work to the practical classification issues
committee of Experts on the Transport of TDG Sub-committees recommendations to informal working group.
Dangerous Goods (TDG), which was held include a test method for substances evolving The GHS Sub-committee was pleased to
immediately before. flammable vapours as a new section 38.4 in see that the TDG Sub-committee had endorsed
The GHS Sub-committees session, the Manual of Tests and Criteria but noted its proposals for a new chapter in GHS on
chaired by Maureen Ruskin (US) with Robin that, although the scope of the test is currently desensitised explosives and the relevant test
Foster (UK) as vice-chairman, was attended limited to polymeric beads fulfilling the method. Subject to minor amendment, these
by experts from 23 countries, observers from description of UN 2211, it might need to be proposals were adopted for inclusion in the
Romania and Switzerland, and representatives extended to other substances and mixtures sixth revised edition of GHS (see page 9).
from the UN Institute for Training and evolving flammable gases. The GHS Sub-committee also endorsed the
Research (Unitar), the EU, the Organisation It was also noted that classification and decision of the TDG Sub-Committee to accept
for Economic Co-operation and Development hazard communication of substances and the offer from the experts from Belgium and
(OECD) and 20 non-governmental mixtures evolving flammable gases are a Japan to lead an informal working group
organisations. matter of particular interest for the supply and dealing with categorisation of flammable

HCB March 2015 regulations

gases, on the understanding that experts from TDG Sub-Committee was asked to come back (e) a review of the information in Table
both Sub-committees would participate in the with a detailed proposal for the next session. 1.5.1 for aspiration hazard Category 1 and
work and that the informal working group It was later acknowledged that the joint Category 2 to determine if an update is
would report to both Sub-committees. The TDG-GHS working group on corrosivity necessary;
expert from Belgium invited all delegations criteria had achieved all it could at this stage (f) an update to the reference to the EU
wishing to participate in the work of the and it was decided to discontinue meeting, at Safety Data Sheet Directive 91/155/EEC
informal group to contact him; the first least for now. in paragraph, since it has been
meeting of the group was expected to take Another issue that has been put back to repealed and replaced by Annex II of the
place this month. the next biennium was the applicability of in REACH Regulation (1907/2006); and
The GHS Sub-committee was informed vitro tests for the assessment of substances and (g) consideration of the need for hazard
that the US National Transportation Safety preparations to classified as corrosive in the communication associated with the hazards
Board (NTSB) had issued a report on test Model Regulations. The TDG Sub-committee of flammable vapours created in the
procedures and classification criteria for had put off a decision on a proposal from the headspace (the unfilled space left above the
release of toxic gases from water-reactive European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic), contents in a sealed container) for solid and
materials. Experts were invited to review not least because account needs to be taken of liquid substances or mixtures.
the report, to invite laboratories to conduct recent changes to OECD test guidelines. The Sub-committee endorsed the informal
trials to verify the results and ensure test working groups proposals for its agenda for
reproducibility, and to provide comments to Practical classification the 2015-16 biennium.
the US expert. Work on water-reactivity will The GHS Sub-committee received a
continue at both the GHS and TDG Sub- report from the US on the work of the Dust explosion hazards
committees during the 2015-16 biennium. informal correspondence group on practical The informal working group on dust
The GHS Sub-committee was informed classification issues and its proposals for explosion hazards met on December 10 to
that the TDG Sub-committee had finalised discussions during the 2015-16 biennium. The review the work of its previous meeting in
the work on classification of polymerising group listed three items that are ongoing: October and to begin discussion of questions
(stabilised) substances and took note of the (a) the review of the definitions in each of that had been raised at that meeting. There is
related provisions adopted for inclusion in the the health hazard chapters for consistency in still no agreement on how exactly to define
19th revised edition of the Model Regulations. the way the definitions are provided; combustible dust, although a number of
The US expert offered to study the provisions (b) a potential new interpretation of the existing definitions have been identified in use
in detail to determine whether it would be application of the Interpolation within one elsewhere.
appropriate to address this hazard in GHS hazard category; and Argentina raised a thorny issue: should
and said she would welcome comments from (c) a review of various terms such as GHS, whose remit as stated in its very name
other experts with a view to submitting a Unknown or Variable compositions, covers the classificationof chemicals, be
proposal during the coming biennium. Complex reaction products and Biological made to apply to foodstuffs such as grains,
The GHS Sub-committee endorsed materials (UVCBs), complex substance, flour and cereals, even if those non-chemical
the recommendation from the TDG Sub- and complex mixture to determine if GHS products generate combustible dust? The
Committee to align the criteria for the definitions are needed. Argentine expert felt that these products
maximum rate of evolution of flammable In addition, the group had identified should be explicitly excluded from GHS, a
gas in both the Model Regulations and GHS several other matters that if felt warranted its view endorsed by the Brazilian expert.
with the criteria set out in of the attention: Other experts disagreed; GHS currently
Manual of Tests and Criteria (see page 9). (a) an editorial revision to the last sentence does not exempt any product, nor should it in
The TDG Sub-committee had once more in, which provides guidance on the the future. GHS specifically notes in
failed to reach consensus on proposals to use of data when evaluating acute toxicity that although pharmaceuticals, food additives,
revise the corrosivity criteria to align with in several animal species to clarify that cosmetics and pesticide residues in food will
GHS. It had asked the GHS Sub-committee data from both animal tests and human are not covered by GHS in terms of labelling
to come up with a simplified methodology epidemiological studies should be considered; at the point of intentional intake, they are
for the application of the additivity approach, (b) development of examples to illustrate covered where workers may be exposed and
including professional judgement and weight how to interpret both single exposure and in transport if potential exposure warrants.
of evidence. Several GHS experts felt that repeated exposure data; Furthermore, individual states are at liberty to
a more detailed description of the scope (c) improving consistency in the use of decide which building blocks they will adopt
and aim of the revision was needed before terminology for hazard classes, categories in their own legislation.
work could progress and the Sub-committee and sub-categories; The Argentine expert was invited to
considered it inappropriate to include a (d) updating Table 3.1.1 to express acute submit an official document should he wish
specific item on its programme of work. The toxicity values as a range; to pursue the matter.

regulations March 2015 HCB

Guidelines and standards The group found that the physical texts to annex 3 and the development of
OECD circulated proposals to update properties listed in Annex 4 Section 9 did not additional examples; and
references to its test guidelines, summarising follow a logical sequence useful for evaluating (c) addressing the issue of minor linguistic
the changes that have taken place since GHS data for product identification or for evaluating variations in hazard and precautionary
was adopted in 2002. OECD undertook data for classification purposes. It proposed to statements which do not affect the obvious
a systematic review of the GHS text and modify Table 1.5.2 as follows: meaning of these statements.
remarked that it would be preferable not to (a) firstly the basic information (physical state, The Sub-committee agreed with a proposal
refer to dated versions of its guidelines to colour, odour, melting point and boiling point) from the Dangerous Goods Advisory Council
avoid having to carry out the same process in which help identify the substance/mixture; (DGAC) on the use of large GHS pictograms
future. (b) secondly, further safety characteristics on portable tanks and multiple-element gas
However, the Sub-committee agreed with related to classification; and containers (MEGCs) while in transport.
its counterparts in the TDG Sub-committee, (c) lastly, more general properties. DGAC had raised the issue at the previous
stating that it is important to reference specific Reviewing this suggestion, the Sub- session. GHS offers an exception from the
dated test methods and also to be informed committee liked the idea but noted that this labelling requirement during transport for
when revised versions are available, so as to order should not be mandatory and that the freight containers, road vehicles and railway
give the experts the chance to consider their competent authority has the discretion to wagons/tanks, but this does not apply to
implications and whether they are consistent prescribe a specific order or leave the choice portable tanks and MEGCs since these may be
with the provisions they support. to the person responsible for the preparation of used for indefinite periods in supply and use
In the meantime, most of OECDs the SDS. after transport to the users facility.
proposals for updating references to its The work of the correspondence group also DGAC was concerned that the use of a
standards were accepted. entailed a lot of consequential amendments, GHS pictogram of a similar size and shape
which, along with the above proposals, were to the transport label could be confusing and
Hazard communication all accepted by the Sub-committee. that it may well also communicate a hazard
Germany provided the Sub-committee with Cefic presented the results of work done that is not relevant to transport. It offered as
the results of the correspondence group by a correspondence group looking at ways to a solution a text for a new, which
looking at the revision of Section 9 of the label small packagings. The group submitted was subjected to some amendment before
safety data sheet (SDS). The group had a new example for inclusion in Annex 7 of being accepted:
decided to introduce guidance in Annex 4 for GHS, showing one possible way to ensure In transport, a GHS pictogram not
each of the properties given in Section 9 of that small ampoules can be labelled with the required by the UN Model Regulations on the
the SDS. This guidance is intended to clarify required information. The Sub-committee Transport of Dangerous Goods should only
what kind of data is expected for each of the accepted the suggestion and asked the appear as part of a complete GHS label (see
properties and aims at improving the quality correspondence group to continue its work and not independently.
and consistency of Section 9. and generate further examples during the
The group proposed to divide the necessary 2015-16 biennium. List of chemicals
information, presented in three tables: The UK submitted a paper on behalf of The US submitted a report on behalf of the
A4.3.9.1 with guidance for the basic physical the correspondence group set up to improve informal correspondence group set up to
and chemical properties; Annexes 1 to 3, with some proposed assess the potential to develop a global list
A4.3.9.2 with guidance for supplemental corrections to the precautionary statements of classified chemicals. The group is still
properties/safety characteristics and test in Annex 3. The paper said that these should at the stage of investigating the feasibility
results that may be useful when a substance be issued as a corrigendum to the current of the process and the resources needed to
or mixture is classified in the respective fifth revised edition of GHS and included in achieve consensus on the application of the
physical hazard class; and the sixth revised edition. The Sub-committee classification criteria to the available data.
A4.3.9.3 with guidance for further agreed. As part of that investigation, the US,
supplemental properties/safety characteristics The Sub-committee also endorsed the Russia and the European Chemicals Agency
and test results that may be useful for a correspondence groups plans for further (ECHA) have offered to each carry out
substance or mixture. discussion during 2015-16, which include: one classification exercise on a specific
In addition, the group made some (a) continuing work to reduce the number of chemical substance. That classification will
amendments to the terms identifying the precautionary statements on seeking medical be undertaken by June 2015 with the results
physicochemical properties, including advice/attention and calling a poison center/ being forwarded to OECD. A comment
Kinematic viscosity instead of Viscosity doctor by introducing some adjustments to period will run to the end of September,
and Boiling point or initial boiling point and the precedence principles in A3.3.2.2 and after which the lead countries will have the
boiling range instead of Initial boiling point A3.3.4.6; opportunity to respond. Further meetings are
and boiling range. (b) detailed consideration of the introductory planned with the aim of OECD being able

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to report back to the Sub-committee at its

December 2015 session.

GHS implementation
The US Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA) had announced its
intention to update its Hazard Communication
Standard to maintain alignment with the
revised versions of the GHS. The regulatory
action was placed on the Fall 2014 Unified
Regulatory Agenda on December 2.
Japan has classified some 2,800 There is an issue on the labelling of transport units that are also used for storage and supply
substances in accordance with GHS and the
classification results, including the rationale aligned with GHS. The guidance document participation from experts from both sub-
for classification, are available on the website is freely available online at committees and any proposals will go first to
of the National Institute of Technology and publication/hazard-assessment-ores-and- the TDG Sub-committees Working Group on
Evaluation in Japanese. The basic information concentrates. Explosives. That Working Group will submit
is also available in English. Software for ICMM also submitted information on the its recommendations simultaneously to both
the classification of mixtures is now freely work of the informal working group to align Sub-committees.
available on the website of the Ministry of Annex 9 (section 9.7) and Annex 10 on the Another joint project involves the
Economy, Trade and Industry in Japanese and Transformation/Dissolution protocol to the classification and testing of oxidising liquids
an English version will be available in the generic environmental hazard guidance in and solids; France proposed a schedule for
near future. Chapter 4.1. The major changes are likely the work, which will involve ten laboratories.
Brazils Labour Regulation (Ordinance to involve moving the existing acute hazard Both Sub-committees have approved the
No 26) implementing GHS has been in force categories towards the long-term aquatic calendar.
for substances since May 2011 and will be classification endpoint for metals and metal The Secretariat had submitted a proposal to
extended to cover mixtures as from June 2015. compounds. This work will continue in the the previous sessions of both Sub-committees
Brazilian Standard No 14725 is currently 2015-16 biennium. regarding a possible revision of the Manual
based on the first edition of GHS but is in the of Tests and Criteria. Both Sub-committees
process of being updated to the fifth revised Programme of work welcomed the idea but felt the work should be
edition; this should be available for public The TDG Sub-committees discussions on the included in the 2015-16 biennium. They also
consultation in the second half of this year. classification of and hazard communication for agreed to consider the following issues:
The Sub-committee also noted that explosives caused some consternation among (a) the relationship between the Model
Zambias Environmental Management the GHS experts, who had already proposed Regulations (classes/divisions) and GHS
(Licensing) Regulation No 112 of 2013 had to review Chapter 2.1 of GHS. The TDG (hazard classes/categories);
been signed into law in November 2013, experts felt that, as the issues involved relate (b) references to GHS chapters/paragraphs and
with a five-year transitional period. It covers, to physical hazards, the TDG Sub-committee hazard classes/categories;
in part, pesticides and toxic substances should be the lead agency and that its Working (c) alignment of terminology; and
and contains provisions enforcing GHS Group on Explosives should receive the report (d) references to sectors covered by GHS other
classification and labelling. of any correspondence or informal working than transport, where appropriate.
group set up to carry out the review. On an proposal from the UK, Maureen
Application of GHS criteria While there were some GHS experts who Ruskin was confirmed as the chair of the GHS
The International Council on Mining and agreed with this view, others considered that Sub-committee for the 2015-16 biennium,
Metals (ICMM) advised the Sub-committee the issues to be solved were mainly related with Robin Foster to continue as vice-
that it had produced a guidance document on to hazard communication and therefore they chairman.
the assessment of ores, concentrates and other should be addressed directly within the GHS The GHS Sub-committee also paid tribute
bulk commodities. The guidance was designed Sub-committee. to Jeff Hart, a long-time member of the UK
to help shippers and shipowners meet the After some discussion about procedures, delegation and, since 2011, chair of the TDG
classification requirements of the International it was agreed that the TDG Sub-committee Sub-committee, who is retiring in 2015.
Maritime Organisations (IMO) International should lead the work; the expert from The following pages summarise the
Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Australia will lead the first developments changes that will appear in the sixth revised
Code and the Convention on the Prevention of the work in an intersessional informal edition of GHS, due for publication in all
of Pollution from Ships (Marpol), which are correspondence working group with official UN languages before the end of 2015.

HCB March 2015 regulations

Take the sixth

GHS The sixth revised edition of GHS will be published this
Notes to Table 2.2.2 remark that
spontaneous ignition may not occur
immediately, and that, in the absence of test
data, a flammable gas mixture should be
year, incorporating amendments agreed by the GHS Sub- classified as pyrophoric if it contains more than
committee during the 2013-14 biennium 1% by volume of pyrophoric components. Test
procedures and the classification procedure for
The UNs Globally Harmonised System properties in such a manner that they do not pyrophoric gases are set out in new
of classification and labelling of chemicals mass explode and do not burn too rapidly and and
(GHS) provides a global framework for hazard therefore may be exempted from the hazard Inclusion of pyrophoric gases has also meant
communication of chemical substances and class Explosives (see Chapter 2.1; see also an addition to Table 2.2.4 and a new has
mixtures in supply and use situations. GHS Note 2 to paragraph been added:
does, however, have an influence on the As noted in the previous article, a new If a flammable gas or gas mixture is additionally
transport regulations and there is an increasing has been added to give guidance classified in one or more sub-categories,
trend for the two UN Sub-committees that look on the use of GHS pictograms on transport then all relevant classification(s) should be
after GHS and the Model Regulations on the units and the order of physical and chemical communicated on the safety data sheet as
transport of dangerous goods to work together. properties listed in section 9 of Table 1.5.2. specified in Annex 4, and the relevant hazard
In theory at least this should help shippers, as communication elements included on the label.
the classification of their goods will be more Part 2 Desensitised explosives represent another
closely aligned. In, articles which contain only major addition to GHS reflected in a new
There is, though, one major difference extremely insensitive substances or mixtures Chapter 2.17. This hazard class has four hazard
between GHS and the transport rules that is replaced by articles which predominantly categories, based on the corrected burning
affects the level of harmonisation. The Model contain extremely insensitive substances or rate. A Note to Table 2.17.1 highlights the fact
Regulations provide the basis for international mixtures. that such material may be treated differently
transport regulations as well as regional and Note 2 to is amended to read: in some other regulations by which it means
national rules, and these are largely updated on Some explosive substances and mixtures are the UN Model Regulations. And, although
a regular two-year cycle. wetted with water or alcohols, diluted with the hazard warning pictogram under GHS is
GHS, on the other hand, has no way of other substances or dissolved or suspended in the flame symbol, another Note stresses that,
being applied internationally and it is left water or other liquid substances to suppress or for the purposes of storage, supply and use,
up to individual states or economic blocs reduce their explosive properties. They may be desensitised explosives do not fall under the
to implement its provisions. Take-up of the a candidate for classification as desensitized scope of the chapters on explosives, flammable
GHS concept has been a lengthy process and explosives (see chapter 2.17) or may be liquids or flammable solids.
coverage is still far from complete; furthermore, treated differently from explosive substances The inclusion of pyrophoric gases and
some states that took GHS up in its early days and mixtures (as desensitized explosives) for desensitised explosives in GHS has also led to
still have their legislation based on the first or some regulatory purposes (e.g. transport), see amendments in Annexes 1 and 3 to indicate the
second revised edition. required signal word, hazard statements and
The fifth revised edition of GHS was In Figure 2.1.3, which shows the procedure precautionary statements for each category of
published in 2013; the past two years have seen for assignment to a division in the class both hazard classes.
ongoing work that will result in the publication of explosives, a new box is inserted in the
this year of the sixth revised edition. This flowchart to refer to Special Provision 347. Annexes
article summarises some of the more important There are some changes in As noted in the previous article, section 9
changes, particularly those that have the regarding the acceptance procedure for the of Annex 4 has been rewritten. This section
potential to affect the transport sector. A full hazard class Explosives, including a revision gives extensive and detailed guidance to those
list of the amendments can be found on the UN to Table 2.1.3 on organic substances and preparing safety data sheets (SDSs) and is not
ECE website here: mixtures. prescriptive.
DAM/trans/doc/2014/dgadn/ST-SG-AC10- The title of Chapter 2.2 is amended to One new example of labelling of small
42a3e.pdf. Flammable gases and there are a number of packaging is added in Annex 7. As noted in the
changes and additions to allow for the inclusion previous article, other examples are currently
Part 1 of provisions for pyrophoric gases in this being worked on and are likely to appear in the
A new definition has been added to Chapter 1.2: section, including a new definition at next edition.
Desensitized explosives mean solid or liquid A pyrophoric gas is a flammable gas that There are various changes to the OECD test
explosive substances or mixtures which are is liable to ignite spontaneously in air at a guidelines and guidance documents referenced
phlegmatized to suppress their explosive temperature of 54C or below. in Annex 9, as well as Chapters 3.3, 3.5 and 4.1.

regulations March 2015 HCB

Regulatory news TSB personnel are looking at a broken rail List, EAC 2015. NCEC is commissioned by
and a suspect wheel. the UK Department for Communities and
Rail tanks targeted Local Government to update the List.
Canada is proposing a number of changes Canada adopts GHS The new list is effective immediately
to the Canada Transportation Act and Canadas Hazardous Products Regulations for use in connection with the 2015 texts of
Railway Safety Act that will introduce a have been published in Canada Gazette, Part ADR and RID; it will become mandatory
new liability and compensation regime, II. The Regulations apply GHS (fifth revised on July 1 and EAC 2013 should not be used
establish a compensation fund financed edition) in Canada and include provisions after that date. Duty holders are required to
by levies on crude oil shippers, increase relating to the classification and labelling of use the 2015 EAC List for the application of
information-sharing provisions, and give defined hazardous products, as well as safety the appropriate EACs under the Carriage of
stronger oversight powers to Transport data sheets. They apply to both substances Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable
Canada. Federal railway companies will have and mixtures. Pressure Equipment Regulations 2009 (CDG
to obtain and maintain minimum levels of Implementation will involve repeal of the 2009, as amended) and the Carriage of
insurance, depending on the type and volume existing Controlled Products Regulations Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable
of dangerous goods they carry. Minimum and amendments to a lengthy list of other Pressure Equipment Regulations (Northern
insurance requirements will vary from C$25m provisions. Insofar as is possible, the Ireland) 2010 (CDG 2010, as amended).
to C$1bn. Canadian rules have been aligned with the The revised list includes the newly adopted
The Safe and Accountable Rail Act was provisions of the US Hazard Communication UN numbers included in ADR 2015, as well
put before the House of Commons this 2012 requirements, in order to facilitate as revisions to existing numbers that were
past January. It is part of the governments cross-border trade. The Regulations came amended in ADR 2015. EAC 2015 can be
commitment to strengthen oversight and into force on the date of publication purchased from TSO or downloaded free of
increase collaboration with the rail industry February 11 and will be implemented in charge from the NCEC website.
in light of the Transportation Safety Boards phases until December 1, 2018.
(TSB) report on the 2013 Lac-Mgantic emergency-action-code-list-2015/
incident. EAC 2015 out now
Transport Canada has also published the The National Chemical Emergency Centre Delay to US battery rule
new Railway Safety Management System (NCEC) has published the new UK The US Pipeline and Hazardous Materials
(SMS) Regulations 2015 in Canada Gazette Dangerous Goods Emergency Action Code Safety Administration (PHMSA) has
Part II. The Regulations require companies
to develop and implement a formal
framework that integrates safety into their
day-to-day operations and will come into
effect on April 1.
Letter to the editor
Proposed amendments to the Railway I read with interest the letter from Richard Chesworth in the January issue concerning
Safety Act will give the Minister of Transport enforcement and use of packaging. Enforcement in the field of the dangerous goods
the power to issue a Ministerial Order regulations in the UK is a matter for HSE (road/rail), MCGA (sea) and CAA (air). I do not
requiring a company to take corrective intend to comment on the main parts of the letter.
measures if it is believed to be implementing However in the penultimate paragraph there is a statement Currently in the UK
its SMS in a way that could compromise there are a number of cases where containers are used, then simply cleaned (not
railway safety. reconditioned).. My query is: so what?
UN in all modes of transport is quite clear that this is permissible; it has been a
TSB has meanwhile questioned the
provision since UN packaging was introduced. I and, I am sure, much of industry would not
adequacy of CPC-1232 tank cars, following
want it changed. There are many packagings specifically designed for reuse and if they are
a February 14 derailment near Gogama, carrying the same substance each time and the consignor has in place checks on marks
Ontario, in which 29 such cars leaked a (including the UN packaging mark) and labels are present and packagings are fit for use
substantial volume of diluted bitumen. why clean them? Such an action could contaminate future fills of the substance.
Preliminary assessment of the CPC- There is no requirement to recondition packagings of any description. Any package
1232-compliant tank cars involved in this permitted by the regulations and the relevant packing instruction may be used for a
occurrence demonstrates the inadequacy of dangerous substance new or old.
this standard, given the tank cars similar The provisions have been around a very long time and I am not aware that they are
performance to the legacy Class 111 tank causing problems.
cars involved in the Lac-Mgantic accident,
Martin Castle
a TSB statement says. The cause of the
incident has not yet been determined but

HCB March 2015 regulations

postponed mandatory compliance with its design approaches for portable fuel changes to carrier variations, the addendum
final rule for the transport of lithium batteries containers, and alignment with the Marpol includes some important changes in Sections
publishing this past August 6 under HM- Annex VI rules for marine vessels with 2 and 5.
224F. The delay applies to all modes of diesel engines. Many of the amendments relate to lithium
transport except for air transport, which must Of potential interest to some storage batteries, but there is also a significant
meet the original deadline. tank operators and industrial fuel users new provision in that means the
The delay follows formal comments from are proposed changes to the evaporative environmentally hazardous substance (EHS)
several stakeholders outlining the challenges emission standards, test procedures and mark is not required on packagings that are
they were facing in meeting the deadline certification requirements in 40 CFR 1060, not restricted in accordance with A197.
of February 6. PHMSA agreed to allow an some of which are editorial in nature or for The addendum can be found on the
additional five months, to August 7, for those clarification only. IATA website at
offering, accepting and transporting lithium EPA is not expecting any adverse cargo/dgr/Documents/dgr56-addendum1-
batteries by all modes other than air, where comments, but those in scope would en-20140108.pdf.
the February 6 deadline still applies. be advised to check on the proposals,
which can be found in docket EPA-HQ- Indiana recognises Responsible
EPA looks at emissions OAR-2011-0135. Distribution
The US Environmental Protection Agency The US National Association of Chemical
(EPA) has issued a proposed rule containing IATA tinkers with DGR Distributors (NACD) has welcomed the
amendments to a number of provisions The International Air Transport Association passage of Indiana Senate Resolution 8
relating to emissions from different mobile (IATA) has published a first addendum to (SR 8), which, introduced by State Senator
sources. The proposals cover Tier 3 motor the 56th edition of its Dangerous Goods Jim Merritt, acknowledges that chemical
vehicle emissions and fuel standards, non- Regulations (DGR), which is in force distributors verified under the NACD
road spark-ignition engines, permissible this year. Aside from the usual number of Responsible Distribution system meet



M o n t h l y



regulations March 2015 HCB

the mission of the states Environmental Eric R Byer. We hope this legislation will The Model Contract can be viewed as
Stewardship Program. NACD and its serve as a model for states across the country a general flexible framework, Fecc says.
member companies work hard to ensure and will one day be adopted by the US In implementing it, the parties should
environmental safety and compliance with the Congress. adapt it to the nature of each contract as
Environmental Stewardship Program, Merritt well as to the specific requirements of the
says. I am thankful for the work NACD has applicable law, where such requirements
done to protect their employees. As leaders Fecc draws up Model Distribution exist. If parties have no need to draw up a
in health, safety, security and environmental Contract specific contract of their own, they can use
performance through implementation of The European Association of Chemical the entire model.
Responsible Distribution, NACD deserves Distributors (Fecc) has released the Fecc The document also includes a supplement
to be recognised and rewarded for their hard Model Distribution Contract, which, it containing a distribution contract checklist
work and we are lucky to have them as a part says, contains the substantive rules for a and overviews of the various national
of our community. distribution contract, i.e. the main rights and European laws applicable to distribution
We thank Senator Merritt and his obligations of the parties, the remedies for agreements as well as pertinent aspects of
staff for working with us to ensure that breach of contract and the general rules that wider EU Competition Law. Copies of the
Indiana chemical distributors verified under apply equally to both parties amongst others. Model Contract can be freely downloaded as
Responsible Distribution are given credit for Furthermore, it also features the boilerplate both a Word document and a PDF from the
the hard work they do to keep their employees clauses broadly accepted in commercial Associations website.
and communities safe, says NACD president contracts.

30 Years Ago
built three such tankers for Gaz de France
(now GDF Suez) to operate out of the LNG
terminal at Le Havre. These days, of course,
the idea of moving LNG by road in this way
A look back at the March 1985 seems almost commonplace.
issue of HCB HCB has always covered safety issues in
The March 1985 issue of HCB majored on the an in-depth manner so it was not surprising
transport and storage of gases, which in many that the issue contained a lengthy article by
ways was then a business in a state of flux. Rapid Bob Whiteley of Wormald Fire Systems on
development of offshore gas production in the North safety issues at LPG terminals. He discussed
Sea in the 1970s and early 1980s had provided a few incidents, each of which had resulted in
new sources of methane and LPGs and new a significant escape of gas that ignited a fire.
infrastructure was having to be built to handle it. He noted the importance of terminal layout and
At the time, the Calor/Conoco cavern storage system separation distances, but stressed that a major
at Immingham, UK, was under construction and a number of LPG LPG fire may be difficult to deal with if fire
terminals had recently opened in the Netherlands, Belgium and crews cannot get close enough to attack it. Instead, he said, an
Mediterranean France. installed waterspray system can reduce the severity of the fire or
The March issue reported back from the Gastech conference and even quench it, allowing firefighters to get in closer. A number of
exhibition, which had taken place in November 1984 in Amsterdam, incidents since then have, of course, highlighted the limitations of
bringing news of presentations and of new products and services fixed firefighting systems.
on show at the stands. Many of those advances are things we now Finally, something for younger readers especially in this issue
take for granted, particularly in terms of tank insulation, submerged where we have our annual survey of intermediate bulk container
pumps, cryogenic valves and marine loading arms. Some of those (IBC) manufacturers. Back in the mid-1980s, IBCs were a new
companies exhibiting in Amsterdam were already hard at work concept so new, in fact, that the UN experts had only just agreed
building the new Distrigaz LNG terminal in Zeebrugge, Belgium. provisions and there was at the time great confusion as to how
The French cryogenic specialist and industrial gas supplier then existing domestic regulations in the UK could be made to apply to
known as LAir Liquide was promoting the idea of moving LNG these new cubical tank containers. Fortunately, as we now know,
by road in specially designed road tankers. It reckoned that there the regulators did manage to cut through the confusion and find
was a small but important market in terms of supplying customers a way for shippers to take advantage of these useful containers,
during times of pipeline supply disruption or repair work, or new although an article by HJK mentioned drop tests for wooden IBCs,
consumers before connection to the gas network. It had already which are not something we see much of nowadays.

HCB March 2015 regulations

cant shoot very well any more, either. And I know that Ive touched
the rim for the last time.
My incapabilities arent limited to physical prowess, or lack thereof,
though. I recently undertook some training jobs that are beyond my
capability. I knew theyd be difficult, but lots and lots of other trainers
claim to be able to do it, so I took on the challenge. And besides, I need
the money. After all, consulting and training is how Ive chosen to
make a living.
And the results are in. Based upon student performance on what
I consider to be reasonable examinations, I cannot make a student
proficient in three modes of transport in only two days. Oh, I can cover
the material in two days. I can make sure Ive mentioned, touched on,
or glossed over every significant tope and regulation within the two
days. And apparently, to some people, thats sufficient training for them
to be able to sleep at night. But for me, training isnt about what Ive
covered, or what Ive shown, or what Ive reviewed, or what I talked
about, but instead about what they, the students, got out of it.
And I try to get an idea about the extent of my success or failure by
using more proficiency based test questions. Sure, after two days, lots
of students can look up the identification number for chloroform in
three different sets of regulations. But do they know enough to check
the specific gravity of chloroform to find out that its too dense to go
into the majority of UN-specification drums? Do they know enough to

From the know that the SDS (mSDS) warnings about a potential incompatibility
between chloroform and aluminum mean that chloroform shouldnt be

Porch Swing
put into 1B1 or 1B2 packagings, unless you have certain knowledge
that theres an inner coating that absolutely prevents a bad reaction?
Its not enough to just provide some regulatory tools or an overview.
A good instructor will show how to use the tools and, in my opinion,
I just can't do it at the end of a minimally acceptable course, students will be able to
I used to be thinner. In fact, there was a time when I was downright demonstrate a practical proficiency.
skinny. I didnt have a washboard stomach, but I had speed bump ribs. Please dont misunderstand. I do believe that for a limited range of
And I desperately wanted to be good at sports. There was an irrational topics, shorter classes cannot just be acceptable, they can be excellent.
hope in me, that probably still hasnt completely gone away, that If classifications are provided externally, huge chunks of information
somehow, if I wanted it enough and kept on trying, someday Id be can be eliminated. If all packaging materials are pre-selected and
good at a sport. packaging is performed by an automated assembly line, class time can
In my neighborhood it wasnt football or stickball or the other be shortened. If only one product, or type of product is ever offered,
football that we played most, but basketball. The one time it almost, training can be adjusted and adapted to be useful and functional in a
sort of, snowed while I was growing up, there were a few sickly flakes bit less time. So, Im not against appropriate customization leading to
here and there that we noticed while shooting baskets at a neighbors shorter training times. But, I do know that I, personally, am incapable
house. We shot baskets while waiting for dinner to be made, and we of successfully delivering two days of training that covers three modes
played pick-up games before scout meetings commenced. I learned the of classification, packaging selection, package use and assembly, marks
value of teamwork when Bobby Smith and I proved two little, young & labels, placarding, shipping documents, segregation & loading, and
guys could beat one, large, older guy, playing on a backboard and hoop emergency response preparation, even if I leave out 1, 6.2, and 7.
nailed to a tree in a different neighbors yard. And when I got to 18 or I just cant do it. And, much like me ever again touching the rim
19 years old, I achieved a marvelous, new, wondrous, personal feat, of a basketball goal, I think its probably impossible. I suspect initial,
jumping up and touching the rim with my fingertips. Oh, so close to tri-modal, non-specialized, DG training in two days is like putting the
dunking! Progress. Perseverance paying off. basketball goal 10 metres up instead of 10 feet up. I dont think it can
Alas, I was never able to dunk a basketball with a witness present. be done by anyone.
And, when I reached middle age, a few extra kg around my waist put And I know for sure, I just cant do it.
an end to my touching the rim. Basketball isnt out of my life, as the This is another in a series of musings from the porch swing of Gene
middle-aged guys still let me join their Thursday night games. But, I am Sanders, manager of Tampa, FL-based WE Train Consulting;
the oldest one there, and I cant run as fast nor as far as I used to, and telephone: (+1 813) 855 3855; email:

incident log March 2015 HCB

hazardous materials transport and storage incidents

Date Location Vehicle Type Substance Details Source
29/11/14 Sirohi, road tanker chemicals Chemical tanker caught fire on Beawar-Pindwara highway; reports conflict, but it is thought that the Daily
Rajasthan, India vehicle was in collision with motorcycle, whose three occupants were killed; tankers contents unknown Bhaskar
1/12/14 nr Victoria, road tanker fuel Road tanker with unspecified fuel (probably heating oil) overturned on A30, causing road closure in one Western
Cornwall, UK direction for cleanup; some spill of oil to road but no injuries reported; cause of incident unknown Mg News
1/12/14 Somerton, road tanker diesel Tank truck rolled over on SR 148, causing significant leak of diesel; responders estimated leak rate at WTRF
Ohio, US 100 gpm, with spill of thousands of gallons that threatened water supplies; Ohio EPA on scene
3/12/14 Broomfield, road tanker crude oil Tank truck carrying crude oil rolled over on ramp from CO 7 to I-25, spilling oil to roadway; ramps closed Denver
Colorado, US for cleanup; driver injured in crash; cause unknown, police investigating Post
4/12/14 Turku, freight train nitric acid VR rail workers found leak of acid from train; photos indicate a tank container on flat wagon in railyard; YLE
Finland wind blew fumes away from downtown Turku, though shelter-in-place was advised; leak plugged
4/12/14 Chakeri, road tanker mustard oil Road tanker with 20,000 litres mustard oil skidded, overturned after driver swerved to avoid accident; driver Times of
UP, India hurt; large spill of oil, which nearby residents ran to collect; several crashes as motorcycles skidded on oil India
4/12/14 Riyadh, road tanker fuel Road tanker overturned on road bridge on ring road, spilling unspecified fuel to road; severe impact on Arab
Saudi Arabia commuter traffic; no injuries reported; bad driving blamed News
4/12/14 Reece City, road tanker gasoline Tank truck rolled over on I-59, cause unknown; responders initially unable to stem loss from trailer with Gadsden
Alabama, US 8,000-gal (30 m3) gasoline; trucks owner sent vacuum trucks to transfer remaining load Times
6/12/14 nr Union township, road tanker fuel Tank truck exploded on I-78 after being involved in three-vehicle collision; one driver was killed, two others NY Daily
New Jersey, US badly hurt; police suspect tank truck had caused crash; highway blocked in both directions for several hours News
7/12/14 nr Ilchester, road tanker fuel Road tanker overturned on A303, reportedly after collision with another vehicle near junction with A37; Western
Somerset, UK some spill of oil to road; driver had to be cut from cab; severe delays to traffic Gazette
10/12/14 Ben Shemen, road tanker gasoline Road tanker caught fire, exploded on Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway after collision with car carrier; one Xinhua
Israel person reported killed in crash, which caused tanker to roll over
10/12/14 Madison county, truck gases, Tractor-trailer carrying compressed gases, peroxide and unidentified acids ran off I-55, rolled over; some Madison
Mississippi, US chemicals containers were breached in crash, causing lengthy response, road closures; driver hurt in crash Co Journal
11/12/14 Panchbibi, freight train furnace oil Five or six bogies of oil trail became uncoupled; engineer, alerted to event, stopped train; loose bogies then Dhaka
Bangladesh ran into rear of train, causing derailment; some passengers on roof were killed; no leak of oil reported Tribune
11/12/14 Atchison, rail tank car fuel Seven employees injured by explosion during hot work on tank car at GBW Railcar Services facility; KCTV
Kansas, US blast said to have happened in paint shop; car may have contained gasoline
12/12/14 Raymore, freight train isopropanol 35 cars of CN train left tracks; one car had isopropanol but did not leak; main line closed while train was CTV
Sask., Canada recovered; no evacuations necessary; cause of derailment under investigation News
12/12/14 Cape Town, road tanker gasoline Two men were injured by explosion of gasoline tanker at facility in Primrose Park; not clear from reports if Sapa
W Cape, S Africa they were working on the tanker or merely refuelling it; cause of blast unknown
13/12/14 nr Jaipur, road tanker butadiene Road tanker on Jaipur-Delhi highway was struck from behind by truck carrying bicycles; tanker immediately Deccan
Rajasthan, India exploded, sending debris 500 metres away; 10 people killed in the blast, 12 more badly hurt Herald
13/12/14 Botetourt county, road tanker ammonia Tank truck with ammonia overturned on Route 220 near Eagle Rock; road closed all day while cargo was WSET
Virginia, US transferred to another tanker; no injuries recorded, no evacuations necessary
15/12/14 Monsenhor Gil, road tanker fuel Overtaking bus crashed head-on into fuel tanker; seven people on bus were killed in crash; tanker exploded, EFE
Piau, Brazil injuring survivors; exact details of cargo not known
15/12/14 Anderson county, road tanker glycerine Tank truck overturned in single-vehicle accident on Highway 287 near Tennessee Colony, blocking both KLTV
Texas, US lanes of road; car hit wreck, breaching tank and allowing nearly 1,000 gal glycerine to leak; driver hurt
15/12/14 Scott county, truck hydrazine FedEx truck caught fire on I-20, causing highway to be closed; driver managed to detach trailer; WJTV
Mississippi, US responders identified source of fire as hydrazine aqueous solution; no evacuations necessary
15/12/14 Luther, road tanker tar Tank truck leaked part of 85,000-lb (38.5-tonne) cargo of tar, apparently after unspecified accident on Turner News9
Oklahoma, US Turnpike; not clear how much was spilled; delays to traffic
16/12/14 Newcastle, road tanker diesel Double-tanker ran off Highway 401, hit bridge rail and fell into ditch; one tanker was ruptured, leaking up to CBC
Ontario, Canada 15,000 litres diesel, some of which reached nearby creek; driver charged with careless driving
19/12/14 Didsbury, freight train sulphur Six cars of CP train carrying sulphur pellets derailed in farmland near Didsbury; two cars spilled sulphur Didsbury
Alberta, Canada along the tracks; CP crew cleaned up spill the following day; no public safety issues Review
21/12/14 Belton, road tanker gasoline, Tank truck rolled over near town square while turning; impact ruptured tanker, allowing most of 8,200-gal The
S Carolina, US diesel (31-m3) fuel cargo to spill to road; nearby homes evacuated, downtown area closed off; driver hurt State

HCB March 2015 incident log

hazardous materials transport and storage incidents

Date Location Vehicle Type Substance Details Source

21/12/14 nr Deer Point, road tanker caustic soda Tank truck rolled over on Highway 77 after hitting car that failed to give way; no leak reported but road mypan-
Florida, US had to remain closed all day while cargo was transferred, tanker righted; car driver injured in crash handle
22/12/14 Belgrade, road tanker fuel Fire broke out during delivery of fuel (heating oil?) from tanker; driver suffered burn injuries; fire spread to AP
Montana, US nearby grassland, prompting half-mile evacuation zone; pressure relief valves prevented explosion
23/12/14 Lagos, road tanker fuel Road tanker ran out of control, perhaps while trying to evade police, and crashed into shops in Ojota area; Vanguard
Nigeria locals rushed to collect spilt fuel; no fire, helped by power failure that had led shopkeepers to close early
24/12/14 Watersmeet, road tanker gasoline Stang tank truck hit black ice on US-2, overturned; one compartment of tanker ruptured, spilling some Daily
Michigan, US 1,000 gal gasoline to road; Krist Oil response team pumped remaining fuel to another tanker; driver hurt Globe
29/12/14 nr Coweta, road tanker hydrogen Tank truck delivering hydrogen to Zeeco plant overturned; plant and nearby homes evacuated due to risk Tulsa
Oklahoma, US of explosion, but no leak was reported; cargo was transferred before truck was recovered; driver hurt World

Marine/Inland Waterway INCIDENTS

Date Location Vessel Substance Details Source
9/12/14 Bagerhat, Southern furnace oil m3
Tanker with 357 furnace oil was hit from behind in thick fog on Shela River by cargo vessel Total; most Daily
Bangladesh Star 7 cargo spilled to river as tanker sank; crew swam ashore but master missing; big environmental impact Star
10/12/14 off Pulau Kapas, DL Calla LPG Two crew killed in explosion aboard LPG carrier (78,400 m3, 1990) en route Thailand with LPG cargo (some Vessel
Malaysia reports erroneously said LNG); authorities said blast was result of gas leakage; crew extinguished fire Finder
12/12/14 Brake, Sapphire palm oil Product tanker (14,000 dwt, 1997) grounded in River Weser after rudder failure; after freeing itself, rudder FleetMon
NI, Germany failed again, causing allusion with piling, damage to bulwark; tanker freed by tugs, detained for inspection
13/12/14 nr San Pedro, Ghetty Chemical tanker (40,100 dwt, 2002), heading upriver, collided with bulker Octbreeze Island (37,300 dwt, Maritime
Argentina Bottiglieri 2011) in storm on Rio Paran; bulker suffered gash in way of fuel tanks, causing oil spill; tanker also damaged Executive
13/12/14 Narathiwat, Sri Kandi 515 palm oil Tanker (3,200 dwt, 2013), moored offshore, was blown aground by high winds; no leak of 2,500-tonne FleetMon
Thailand palm oil cargo; tanker had been arrested November 27 after being hijacked by pirates
18/12/14 Emden, Lorena wood pellets Fire broke out in 1,000-tonne cargo of wood pellets aboard barge berthed alongside power plant on River Shipwreck
NI, Germany Ems; crew called for assistance from local fire brigade; fire burned for several hours; no injuries reported Log
18/12/14 Jersey City, charcoal Fire broke out in container with coconut charcoal aboard unidentified Hapag-Lloyd containership at berth Maritime
New Jersey, US in Global Terminal; fire spread to second container; both boxes were removed on fire, extinguished ashore Executive
19/12/14 Whangarei, HS Alcina bunkers Oil slick seen in Whangarei harbour during discharge of crude oil from tanker (160,200 dwt, 2001) to NZ
New Zealand Marsden Point refinery; slick later turned out to be bunker fuel; leak put at several hundred litres Herald
22/12/14 Jakarta, Marina 33 fuel oil Tanker (1,200 dwt, 1977) ran aground on beach in Cilincing area after engine failure during storm; all crew FleetMon
Indonesia safe; no leak of cargo reported
22/12/14 Ozai, scrap Fire broke out in cargo holds of Chinese freighter (1,336 dwt), name unknown; cargo was scrap, including FleetMon
Oita, Japan vehicles; no reports of injuries to crew or shore personnel
24/12/14 off Pantai Mutiara, Hyn 16 bunkers Fire broke out during bunkering of cargoship carrying sand; fire started in hose, spread to bunkering Maritime
Jakarta, Indonesia vessel Hyn 19 and cargoship; one crewman killed by explosion on bunkering vessel Executive
24/12/14 Tuapse, pipeline crude oil Significant leak of crude oil to Black Sea after rupture in pipeline supplying Rosneft refinery; witnesses Reuters
Krasnodar, Russia reported oil in river as well; size of spill not revealed; line shut in, refinery drawing on stocks
24/12/14 nr Joppa, Christina crude oil Collision between tug pushing two crude oil barges and loaded sand barge in Ohio River led to sinking of USCG
Illinois, US Belcher sand barge outside fairway; one tank barge with 22,000 bbl crude was damaged but no leak reported

Date Location Plant Type Substance Details Source

3/12/14 nr Eilat, pipeline crude oil Thousands of barrels of crude oil thought to have leaked from Eilat-Ashkelon pipeline during maintenance Jerusalem
Israel work on line; leak was stopped before reaching Jordanian border; long-term environmental impact likely Post
4/12/14 Mina Al Fahal, oil refinery naphtha Fire broke out in Oprics Muscat refinery, reportedly after explosion in naphtha treatment unit; fire spread Times of
Oman to other units, storage tanks; four workers injured, remainder evacuated; likely to be offline for some time Oman
4/12/14 Corpus Christi, oil refinery naphtha Small spill of naphtha in dock area at Flint Hills Resources refinery; spill put at no more than 50 gal; Reuters
Texas, US no leak to ship channel; leak contained on site; USCG investigating cause

incident log March 2015 HCB


Date Location Plant Type Substance Details Source

10/12/14 Daegu, plating plant calcium Workers at Yeongnam Metal plating plant mistakenly received hypochlorite into sulphuric acid tank, Yonhap
South Korea hypochlorite generating toxic gas; 50 workers needed hospital treatment; no fire reported; police investigation underway
14/12/14 Kake, fuel depot gasoline About 900 gal (3,400 litres) gasoline spilt to secondary containment from hole in storage tank at Kake Tribal KTOO
Alaska, US Fuel depot; remaining fuel pumped to other tanks, tank trucks; some fuel leaked outside containment
15/12/14 Lyons Falls, power plant heating oil Outdoor fuel tank exploded at Lyonsdale Biomass plant; tank thought to have 2,100 gal (7,950 litres) fuel The
New York, US at the time; cause of explosion unknown; no injuries or damage to building Leader
16/12/14 Regina, pipeline crude oil Some 1,350 bbl crude oil spilt from line inside Enbridges Regina pipeline terminal; line was shut down and Oil
Sask., Canada terminal isolated; all spill contained on site; operator conducting investigation Voice
20/12/14 Lepetkata, chemical propylene Four workers died while cleaning propylene sphere at Brahmaputra Cracker & Polymer plant; workers had Telegraph
Assam, India plant had not been equipped with breathing apparatus nor training; tank not yet in use so gas leak impossible (Calcutta)
20/12/14 Portland, post office drain Hazmat crews were called to USPS transfer station to deal with leaking package; liquid identified as KOIN
Oregon, US cleaner concentrated drain cleaner; similar leak found at airport, where package had arrived
22/12/14 Pointe-a-Pierre, oil refinery fuel oil Small leak in heavy fuel oil system at Petrotrin refinery allowed oil to spill to Guaracara River, causing T&T
Trinidad respiratory problems for locals; second spill to river in 2014; evidence points to larger spill than admitted Guardian
24/12/14 Chartiers township, pipeline ethane Fire broke out at Williams Ohio Valley Midstream gas metering plant, reportedly after explosion due to Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania, US over-pressure in line; fire brought under control without injury; 13 nearby residents evacuated Post-Gaz
25/12/14 Es Sider, oil terminal crude oil One storage tank at NOC terminal was hit by RPG fired from boat offshore during fighting between rival IANS
Libya forces; three tanks thought to be on fire after continued shelling; terminal not currently open for exports
30/12/14 Saginaw, trucking pyrrolidine 55-gal drum of pyrrolidine was punctured by forklift during unloading from truck at Con-Way depot; WSGW
Michigan, US company two employees hospitalised, rest evacuated; hazmat responders placed leaking drum in salvage drum





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legislation applying to data protection and

privacy, says Cefic.
One point to note is that the provisions
of Chapter 1.10 do not apply to the carriage
of dangerous goods in limited quantities or
below the quantities specified in,
except for a number of explosives of Class 1
and Class 7 excepted packages of UN 2910
and 2911 if the activity level exceeds the A2

Plan for the worst

value. It is also important to remember that
in terms of security provisions also
applies to tank and bulk transport by road
Dutyholders should note that Section
them various chemical industry sectors, the 1.10.3 introduces specific and more onerous
SECURITY The arrival of LPG, industrial gases and aerosols sectors, special rules for dangerous goods with a
ADR 2015 has brought with it and carriers and forwarders. higher danger potential, dealing not only
The aim of the security provisions is to with the general misuse and related dangers
changes not only to the rules minimise the risk of misuse of dangerous but specifically with the misuse for terrorist
governing the safety of the goods for terrorist purposes through which purposes and their potentially serious
transport of dangerous goods persons, property or the environment might consequences.
be endangered. Absolute protection cannot
by road, but also the security be achieved in the transport of dangerous Know your staff
provisions. As a result, Cefic goods, the Guidelines say, but note that The layout of the Guidelines follows that
security measures should be an integral part of Chapter 1.10. It reproduces the text of
has updated its guidance of the safety and quality management system ADR and then provides an explanation
of every company involved in the transport and guidance relevant to the particular
chain. paragraph(s) quoted.
Chapter 1.10 of ADR contains security For instance, says:
provisions that must be observed during No size fits all All persons engaged in the carriage of
the transport of dangerous goods by road The general requirements of ADR Chapter dangerous goods shall consider the security
in Europe. Those provisions were first put 1.10 are mandatory. However, the specific requirements for the carriage of dangerous
in place in the 2005 edition of ADR and ways they are addressed will depend goods set out in this Chapter commensurate
represented something of a novelty for upon the individual circumstances of the with their responsibilities.
dutyholders more used to complying with the undertakings in a particular transport chain The Guidelines provides some
safety requirements of ADR, even if in many and their assessment of the risks and possible interpretation of this requirement. On this
ways the security provisions can be seen as outcomes. For example, the measures taken point they say:
loss prevention writ large. by a company located in a residential area or Each person involved ought to be
To help industry in Europe understand how adjacent to a strategic transport corridor could aware of the misuse potential of dangerous
they should comply with Chapter 1.10, the be very different to one located or operating goods. Everyone has to observe the
European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic) in open country. relevant legislation in accordance with
drew up a set of guidelines, which have been Cefic stresses that the Guidelines should their responsibilities within their company
updated subsequently to reflect amendments not be seen as a prescriptive list of every organisation. This applies equally for example
to ADR. The last major update arrived in action that needs to be taken; rather, they set to staff of consignors, loaders, carriers,
2010 and, given that some significant changes out the likely outcomes of a range of possible unloaders and consignees.
to the requirements were included in the 2013 interventions, depending on the particular Reliable and responsible employees are
and 2015 editions of ADR, Cefic has now context. central to making sure that security measures
issued a further update. Companies will need to decide work effectively. Documentary evidence of
While Cefic is the publisher, the revised individually how to apply these Guidelines the background and experience of anyone
Guidelines on the security of the transport according to their own judgement, as long being recruited should be obtained.
of dangerous goods by road have been put as their actions are in conformity with the The Guidelines then give some
together as a result of collaboration between applicable law. In addition, they should be suggestions as to how employers should
11 industry associations, representing between particularly attentive to comply with the assure themselves that their employees do not

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safety March 2015 HCB

present a security risk, including the specific not concerned with the physical handling of at their next destination together with
documentary evidence that should be obtained dangerous goods with high consequences confirmation that everything is in order.
and checked. It is important, Cefic notes, (forwarding agent not acting as carrier or They should also be instructed to alert
that all this information is retained and can without own loading/unloading sites or base to any unusual or suspicious activities.
be made available, although it should also be without a warehouse) needs to limit the Consideration should be given to providing
kept confidential. implementation to organisational measures. the driver with a password to use when raising
Similar caution needs to be taken with There are three steps to completing a the alarm.
suppliers, customers and, in particular, security plan, the Guidelines advise:
contractors. The Guidelines say: identify the types of threat, possibly with Physical security
Contractors involved in the transport of advice from the police and taking into While each facility will have its own
dangerous goods should undergo the same account any nearby facilities that might particular layout that affects the way in which
pre-employment screening process as new represent a viable target; it should be secured, there are a number of
employees. Responsibility for implementing identify what is to be protected and in elements that should be considered. The
these checks will rest with the supplying particular how it is vulnerable to terrorist Guidelines look at the pros and cons of
company. The user company should ask them attack; and using in-house security guards, the use of
to demonstrate, from their records, that they identify what should be done to reduce the fencing, site access control, surveillance,
have carried out these checks. If they fail to risk to an acceptable level. intruder detection, visitor control, key holders,
do so, the employing company should review The Guidelines offer a template for staff parking, controlled access to loading
its working relationship with the contractor. drawing up a security plan. The plan should bays and vehicle parking areas, and the
The Guidelines give extensive assistance be kept under review and amended in the security of tools or other equipment. They
in terms of, which deals with event of any material changes to the buildings reference the UKs Security Service Guide
temporary storage of dangerous goods in and personnel, and should be tested by regular to Producing Operational Requirements for
temporary storage terminals, temporary exercises. Carriers, consignors and consignees Security Measures, which is available on the
storage sites, vehicle depots, berthing areas, should co-operate with each other and with Department for Transport website.
marshalling yards or similar facilities. the authorities to exchange threat information, The Guidelines also point to Chapter
Temporary storage does not, and should not apply security measures and respond to 8.4 in ADR, which includes requirements
encompass overnight parking or stops en- security incidents. concerning the supervision of vehicles.
route. Parking is not the same as storage, One person should have full responsibility A further Annex to the Guidelines gives
notes Cefic. for the whole security planning process. This suggestions on management routines and
person should have sufficient authority to operating practices. This includes tips on
Make a plan direct the response to security threats. They communication, both with employees and
An important section of the Guidelines should also be involved in the planning and with the police and other external agencies.
looks at the provisions in 1.10.3 relating design of the sites exterior security, access It also notes that thieves may try to claim
to high-consequence dangerous goods, control and so on. They must be consulted authority by using liveried vehicles or staff
which are defined in Tables and, over any new building, renovation work or uniforms; all vehicles that are sold should
for radioactive substances, A operation. have their livery removed and companies
substantial additional measure is the creation A security plan also needs to consider should consider the management of uniforms
and implementation of security plans, the security of high-consequence goods during to avoid them getting out into the wider
Guidelines note. transport. The Guidelines warn against using world.
The content of a security plan should be a single set route for a particular delivery, In summary, security should be part of
based on the general situation of the company, as this allows potential terrorists to know the daily routine for all staff involved with
not on individual transports. Where elements where and when a consignment is likely to the transport of dangerous goods. Drivers,
of the security plan are already in place by be in a given location. On the other hand, warehouse and yard staff should be trained in
reason of other legal obligations or within consideration should be given to establishing the right habits and security should be made
quality systems, reference to these elements a route plan for each individual journey, part of their work.
can be made in the security plan. so that the vehicle can be tracked and any The Cefic Guidelines for the security of
It should be stressed that everyone deviation would trigger an alert. the transport of dangerous goods by road
concerned with chapters 1.4.2 and 1.4.3 of Drivers will also need specific training. can be downloaded free of charge from
ADR must work out security plans. The Drivers should be instructed to communicate the Cefic website at
individual parts of a security plan can only with their operating base at frequent and Documents/IndustrySupport/RC%20tools%20
reflect the respective activities of the company regular intervals. They should say where for%20SMEs/Document%20Tool%20Box/
concerned. A company that, although cited they are, what route they are taking and, if Security%20Guidelines%20of%20the%20
in sections 1.4.2 and 1.4.3 as participant, is appropriate, their estimated time of arrival transport%20of%20dangerous%20goods.pdf.

HCB March 2015 regulations



The 7th GPCA Supply Chain Conference will offer delegates the Key topics and areas for discussion include:
opportunity to explore in detail what strategies international and
GCC integrated customs, ports and dry ports;
regional chemical producers are implementing to strengthen
Human capability development;
their supply chains and build future capabilities. In addition,
Women in the supply chain;
conference attendees will benet from the insights of industry
Importance of customer intimacy;
experts on how they are preparing for the future supply chain
Africas supply chain challenges and opportunities;
requirements, challenges and opportunities. Under the theme
New technologies in supply chain management; and
Strengthening the supply chain backbone Paving the way
Sustainability and green supply chain.
forward for 2020 the program will shed light on capability and
infrastructure developments in the chemical supply chain.
regulations March 2015 HCB

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CTI provides specialist training for shippers, agents, forwarders and airlines who handle and
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Also included in our course portfolio is the Introduction to Air Cargo programme,
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CTI is a Civil Aviation Authority Approved Training School.
PO Box 176 . Shepperton . TW17 8WP . UK PO Box 580026 . Houston . Texas . 77258-0026 . USA
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HCB March 2015 training

ACUTE ENVIRONMENTAL & SAFETY April 14 Feltham CLASS 7 LTD May 20-22 Brisbane
SERVICES Infectious Substances by Air 9 Irk Vale Drive June 1-3 Adelaide
730 Bridge St, Unit 3 May 12 Heathrow Chadderton June 1-3 Sydney
Waterloo, Ontario N2V 2J4, Canada Dangerous Goods CFR49 Oldham OL1 2TW, UK DG by Air Refresher
T (+1 519) 747 5075 May 19-20 Feltham T (+44 161) 628 6677 April 22 Brisbane April 24 Tasmania
Transport of Dangerous Goods CAMEON RamMaster Level 1 Foundation May 4 Sydney
April 9 Waterloo PO Box 17345 April 14 Oldham May 13 Melbourne
Confined Space Entry Edinburgh EH12 1DJ, UK RamMaster Level 2 Road May 27 Brisbane
April 23 Waterloo T (+44 131) 334 1929 Consignment and Transport May 29 Adelaide
May 21 Waterloo April 15-16 Oldham May 29 Sydney
Confined Space Rescue Dangerous Goods Safety Adviser DG by Sea Initial
April 24 Waterloo (DGSA) COMMERCIAL OPERATOR April 20-21 Brisbane
May 22 Waterloo June 8-12 Manchester TRAINING SOLUTIONS April 30-May 1 Sydney
HAZWOPER Dangerous Goods by Air Unit 6, Queensway April 30-May 1 Tasmania
March 24-27 Waterloo Swansea West Business Park May 11-12 Melbourne
April 13-15 Manchester
May 5-8 Waterloo Swansea SA5 4DH, UK May 25-26 Brisbane
Dangerous Goods by Road
HAZWOPER Refresher T (+44 1792) 587250 June 4-5 Adelaide
May 14 Waterloo June 4-5 Sydney
April 16 Manchester
ADR All Classes and Tankers
INTERNATIONAL FORWARDERS Upgrade May 18-22 Swansea 1060 El Camino Real, Suite B
Westfield Office Tower, April 17 Manchester Redwood City, CA 94063-1645, USA
Suite 403, Level 3, DANGEROUS GOODS COUNCIL T (+1 650) 306 8450
Eastgardens, NSW 2036 PO Box 176 York, PA 17404, USA IATA Initial
Australia Shepperton TW17 8WP, UK T (+1 717) 848 8840 April 14-15 Atlanta
T (+61 2) 9314 3055 T (+44 1932) 769682 May 13-14 Chicago P O Box 580026 49 CFR & International Air May 13-14 New York
Dangerous Goods Acceptance Houston, TX 77258-0026, USA Certification June 3-4 Los Angeles
(Air) T (+1 281) 333 4672 April 13-15 Newark IATA Recurrent
April 21-23 Sydney April 20-22 Madison March 30 Los Angeles
April 28-30 Melbourne Dangerous Goods by Air ICAO May 4-6 Baltimore April 7 St Louis
May 12-14 Brisbane March 30-Apr 1 St Louis May 18-20 Raleigh April 13 Atlanta
May 19-21 Melbourne April 6-8 Houston June 1-3 Cleveland April 27 Detroit
Dangerous Goods Awareness April 13-15 Kansas City 49 CFR Recertification May 4 Seattle
(Air) April 13-15 Newcastle April 16 Newark May 12 Chicago
May 12 Sydney April 20-22 Heathrow May 12 New York
Dangerous Goods by Sea April 20-22 Houston DANGEROUS GOODS May 18 Minneapolis
March 30-31 Melbourne April 27-29 Chicago MANAGEMENT IMDG Initial
April 15-16 Sydney May 4-6 Dallas PO Box 103, Kempton Park May 7-8 Seattle
Dangerous Goods by Sea - May 11-13 Birmingham 1620 Johannesburg IMDG Recurrent
Recertification May 11-13 Manchester South Africa April 1 Los Angeles
April 1 Melbourne May 11-13 New York T (+27 11) 396 2755 April 9 St Louis
May 13 Sydney May 18-20 Heathrow April 29 Detroit
May 18-20 Los Angeles Dangerous Goods by Air Cat 1, May 6 Seattle
BRITISH INTERNATIONAL FREIGHT Dangerous Goods by Sea (IMDG) 2, 3, 6 Initial May 20 Minneapolis
ASSOCIATION (BIFA) March 26-27 Orlando May 18-22 Johannesburg Ground Transportation (49 CFR)
Redfern House April 16-17 Glasgow June 8-12 Johannesburg Initial
Browells Lane April 16-17 Kansas City Dangerous Goods by Air Cat 1, April 13-14 Los Angeles
Feltham, Middlesex TW13 7EP, UK 2, 3, 6 Recurrent April 20-21 Chicago
April 23-24 Houston
T (+44 20) 8844 3625 March 30-April 1 Johannesburg May 4-5 San Antonio
April 30-May 1 Chicago May 6-8 Johannesburg June 1-2 Seattle
May 7-8 Dallas
Dangerous Goods by Air Dangerous Goods by Sea Initial Ground Transportation (49 CFR)
April 20-22 Feltham May 14-15 Heathrow Recurrent
May 13-15 Johannesburg
April 27-29 Newcastle May 21-22 Los Angeles June 3-5 Johannesburg March 31 Los Angeles
May 11-13 Altrincham DOT 49 CFR - Full Course Infectious Substance Shipping April 8 St Louis
May 11-13 Birmingham April 9-10 Houston Guidelines April 28 Detroit
May 18-20 Feltham May 7-8 Dallas June 18-19 Johannesburg May 5 Seattle
Dangerous Goods by Air May 19-20 Heathrow May 19 Minneapolis
Revalidation Dangerous Goods Multimodal DG AIR FREIGHT June 2 Los Angeles
April 23-24 Feltham March 23-27 Dallas Unit 1, 31-35 George Street 5-day Multimodal Initial (49
April 28-29 Newcastle Infectious Substances by Air Thebarton, SA 5031, Australia CFR/IATA/IMDG)
May 14-15 Altrincham May 12 Elstree T (+61 8) 82 341 622 April 13-17 Los Angeles
May 14-15 Birmingham Radioactive Materials by Air (full May 4-8 San Antonio
May 21-22 Feltham course) DG by Air Initial June 1-5 Seattle
Radioactive Materials by Air April 13-14 Heathrow April 15-17 Brisbane
April 13-14 Feltham Radioactive Materials by Air April 27-29 Sydney DGM UK
Radioactive Materials by Air Revalidation April 27-29 Tasmania Unit 23 Heston Industrial Mall
Revalidation April 14 Heathrow May 6-8 Melbourne Church Road, Heston

training March 2015 HCB

Middlesex TW5 0LD, UK FREMANTLE TRAINING & GHS Classification May 1 Kansas City, MO
T (+44 20) 8577 8566 TRANSPORT April 13-15 Toronto May 8 Chicago Rathmore Lodge May 5-7 Niagara Falls May 14 St Louis
IATA DGR Initial including Cat 6 Rathmore Road June 8-10 Toronto June 5 Cleveland
March 30-Apr 3 Aberdeen Torquay, Devon TQ2 6NY, UK June 5 Houston
April 6-10 Aberdeen T (+44 1803) 293344 L&T TRANSPORT TRAINING Managing Hazardous Waste in
April 13-17 Aberdeen SERVICES California
April 27-May 1 Aberdeen ADR Driver Training Priory Business Park, Fitzwilliam April 20-21 San Diego
May 11-15 Aberdeen April 13-17 Plymouth Pontefract WF9 5BZ, UK April 23-24 Ontario
May 11-15 Glasgow May 11-15 Bristol T (+44 1977) 618228 April 27-28 San Jose
May 18-22 Aberdeen ADR Driver Training Tanks & April 30-May 1 Sacramento
May 18-22 Norwich Class 3 Refresher ADR Training Industrial & Hazardous Waste in
April 12-16 Pontefract Texas
May 25-29 Aberdeen April 20-21 Bristol
May 10-14 Pontefract May 8 Houston
IATA DGR Recurrent including April 22-23 Plymouth
Cat 6 May 13 Dallas
March 31-Apr 2 Aberdeen GULF CENTRE FOR AVIATION 21 Sunset Inn Road
April 21-23 Aberdeen STUDIES (GCAS) SAF-T-PAK
PO Box 700 17827 111 Avenue
May 5-7 Aberdeen PO Box 94449 Lafayette, NJ 07848-0700, USA
May 14-16 Glasgow Abu Dhabi, UAE Edmonton, AB T5S 2X3
T (+1 973) 383 0800 Canada
May 26-28 Aberdeen T (+971 2) 494 2355
Radioactive Materials by Air 7466 Candlewood Road, Suite E
Hazardous Materials Hanover, MD 21076, USA
April 7-8 Aberdeen IATA DGR - Category 6 Initial Transportation Certification (49
May 5-6 Aberdeen April 5-9 Abu Dhabi T (+1 800) 814 7484
June 2-3 Aberdeen April 26-30 Abu Dhabi April 4-5 Los Angeles Shipping Division 6.2 Infectious
Radioactive Materials by Sea May 3-7 Abu Dhabi April 14-15 Las Vegas
April 9-10 Aberdeen May 24-28 Abu Dhabi April 20-21 Sacramento
April 7 Albany
May 7-8 Aberdeen April 20-21 Denver
April 7 Vancouver
June 4-5 Aberdeen ICC COMPLIANCE CENTER April 23-24 Portland, OR
April 8 Edmonton
IMDG Dangerous Goods by Sea 2150 Liberty Drive April 28-29 Kansas City, MO
May 4-5 Minneapolis April 8 New York
April 2-3 Aberdeen Niagara Falls, NY 14304, USA April 9 Calgary
April 6-8 Aberdeen T (+1 888) 442 9628 May 5-6 Chicago
May 7-8 Indianapolis April 9 Long Island
April 9-10 Aberdeen 88 Lindsay Avenue April 10 Boston
April 16-17 Aberdeen Dorval, QC H9P 2T8, Canada May 11-12 St Louis
June 2-3 Cleveland April 13 Albuquerque
April 23-24 Aberdeen T (+1 888) 977 4834 April 14 Phoenix
April 30-May 1 Aberdeen June 2-3 Houston
June 4-5 Rochester April 15 Las Vegas
May 5-7 Aberdeen Shipping Dangerous Goods by April 16 Denver
May 7-8 Aberdeen Ground in Canada: Initial Hazardous Materials Air Shipper
Certification (IATA) April 17 Salt Lake City
May 14-15 Aberdeen May 13-14 Toronto April 20 Indianapolis
April 16 Los Angeles
May 21-22 Aberdeen Shipping Dangerous Goods by April 21 Detroit
April 16 Las Vegas
May 21-22 Norwich Ground in Canada: Refresher April 22 Denver April 21 Toronto
May 28-29 Aberdeen April 28 Toronto April 30 Kansas City, MO April 22 Chicago
ADR Initial May 26 Toronto May 6 Minneapolis April 22 Ottawa
March 30-Apr 6 Aberdeen Shipping Dangerous Goods by May 7 Chicago April 23 Milwaukee
April 24-30 Aberdeen Air: Initial May 13 St Louis April 23 Montreal
May 18-24 Aberdeen April 20-22 Toronto June 4 Cleveland April 24 Halifax
ADR Refresher Shipping Dangerous Goods by June 4 Houston April 28 Missoula, MT
April 13-16 Aberdeen Air: Refresher Hazardous Materials Vessel April 29 Portland, OR
May 11-14 Aberdeen May 27 Toronto Shipper Certification (IMDG) April 30 Seattle
ADR Consignor Shipping Dangerous Goods by April 17 Los Angeles April 30 San Diego
April 2-3 Aberdeen Sea using IMDG Code: Refresher April 17 Las Vegas May 8 Anchorage
April 23-24 Aberdeen May 7 Montreal April 23 Denver May 15 Honolulu

HCB March 2015 training

Technical exchange is an important element of professional development. In the Middle East, and specially
in the Gulf Region, automation technical exchange events take place sporadically and at limited scale. The
ISA Automation Conference and Exhibition 2015 (Europe, Middle East, Africa) aims to be a full scale
conference and trade show that will bring various parties involved in the field of process automation and
safety under one roof. The program will be a unique opportunity for networking, learning and expanding
business opportunities.

Advanced Process Control & Optimisation
Alarm Management
Asset Performance & Productivity Enhancement
Industrial Control System Cyber Security
Custody Transfer Measurement
Digital Oilfield
Functional Safety & SIS
Integrated Operation
Multi-Phase & Wet Gas Flow Metering
Obsolescence & Lifecycle Management of Control
& Safety Systems
Process Analyzers
Wireless & Industrial Communications

Media Partners:

conferences March 2015 HCB

Chemical & Product Tankers Reed Exhibitions Ltd, Gateway House, 28 The W1T 7AD, UK. Telephone: (+44 20) 7017 7200
March 17-18, London Quadrant, Richmond TW9 1DN, UK. Telephone:
Seventh annual conference, co-hosted by the (+44 20) 8910 7890
International Parcel Tankers Association (IPTA). Argus Asian LPG 2015
Contact Navigate Events, The Baltic Exchange, 38 Intermodal Asia April 14-15, Singapore
St Mary Axe, London EC3A 8BH, UK. Telephone: March 24-26, Shanghai Conference on LPG production, trade and
(+44 20) 7369 1650 Second annual exhibition for the Asian intermodal downstream distribution. Contact Argus Media,
events/7th-chemical-product-tanker-conference. sector. Contact Informa Exhibitions, 4th Floor, 50 Raffles Place, 10-01 Singapore Land Tower,
html Maple House, 149 Tottenham Court Road, London Singapore 048623. Telephone: (+65) 6496 9966
W1T 7AD, UK. Telephone: (+44 20) 7017 7000
StocExpo 2015 Asia/LPG-Asia/Home
March 17-19, Rotterdam
The main annual exhibition and conference for BADGP Logistics in Oil, Gas and Petrochemicals
the European tank terminal industry. Contact March 26, Northampton April 14-15, Dubai
easyFairs UK Ltd, 8 Oak Lane, Twickenham Annual AGM and seminar of the British Fourth annual summit on supply chain
TW1 3PA, UK. Telephone: (+44 20) 8843 8800 Association of Dangerous Goods Professionals. optimisation. Contact Fleming Gulf, Dubai Airport Contact BADGP, 123 Williamthorpe Road, North Free Zone, PO Box 54772, Dubai, UAE. Telephone:
Wingfield, Chesterfield, Derbyshire S42 5NX, UK. (+971 4) 609 1570 http://energy.fleminggulf.
Responsible Care Conference Telephone: (+44 7920) 727770 com/logistics-oil-gas-petrochemical-summit#
March 18, Crewe events
Chemical Business Associations conference for Hazards AP
Responsible Care coordinators. Contact CBA, AFPM IPC April 21-23, Kuala Lumpur
Group House, Electra Way, Crewe Business March 29-31, San Antonio Third process safety conference for the Asia
Park, Crewe, Cheshire CW1 6GU, UK. Telephone: AFPMs annual International Petrochemical Pacific region. Contact Institution of Chemical
(+44 1270) 258 200 Conference. Contact American Fuel & Petrochemical Engineers, Davis Building, Railway Terrace, Rugby
events/logisticscommittee2.aspx Manufacturers, 1667 K Street, NW, Washington, CV21 3HQ, UK. Telephone: (+44 1788) 578 214
DC 20006, USA. Telephone: (+1 202) 457 0480
China LPG asia-pacific-2015.aspx
March 18-20, Huangzhou
SMM India LogiChem
20th annual conference on Chinese LPG supply,
demand, trade and transport. Contact Guangdong April 2-4, Mumbai April 21-23, Antwerp
International maritime trade fair. Contact HMC Annual strategic conference for the chemical
Oil & Gas Association, RM 3503, No 116 Yuehua
International GmbH, Messeplatz 1, 20357 Hamburg, supply chain. Contact Worldwide Business
Road, Guangzhou 510034, China. Telephone:
Germany. Telephone: (+49 40) 3569 2148 Research, Third Floor, 129 Wilton Road, London
(+86 20) 8336 1712 SW1V 1JZ, UK. Telephone: (+44 20) 7368 9400
Intermodal South America
Argus Baltic Transportation 2015
April 7-9, So Paulo FPS Expo 2015
March 19-20, Riga
International exhibition on intermodal logistics, April 22-23, Harrogate
Conference on bulk oil and dry bulk shipping
cargo transport and international trade, Annual exhibition for the fuel distribution sector
and terminalling in the Baltic states. Contact
incorporating Tank Storage South America in the UK and Ireland. Contact Federation of
Argus Media, 17-23 Taganskaya Street, Moscow conference. Contact Intermodal South America, Petroleum Suppliers, 6 Royal Court, Tatton Street,
109147, Russia. Telephone: (+7 495) 933 7571 Alameda Tocantins 75, Alphaville, SP, Brazil. Knutsford, Cheshire WA16 6EN, UK. Telephone: Telephone: (+55 11) 4878 5990 www.intermodal. (+44 1565) 631 313
AFPM Annual Meeting LNG and CNG for Transport April 26-29, San Diego
March 22-24, San Antonio April 8-9, London Annual forum and expo of the Council the Safe
AFPMs annual meeting for refiners and marketers. Annual forum on developments in liquid gas Transportation of Hazardous Articles. Contact
Contact American Fuel & Petrochemical fuel for transport. Contact Informa UK Ltd, PO COSTHA, 7803 Hill House Court, Fairfax Station,
Manufacturers, 1667 K Street, NW, Washington, Box 406, West Byfleet KT14 6NN, UK. Telephone: VA 22039, USA. Telephone: (+1 703) 451 4031
DC 20006, USA. Telephone: (+1 202) 457 0480 (+44 20) 7017 5518 event/lng-fuel-transport-forum
CIE 15 and IGUS Tank World Expo April 27-29, Orlando
March 22-27, Santiago April 13-14, Dubai National Institute for Storage Tank Managements
15th International Conference of Chief Inspectors Annual conference and exhibition for the Middle 17th annual international aboveground storage
of Explosives and meeting of the IGUS working East tank storage sector. Contact Tank Storage tank conference and trade show. Contact NISTM,
group on explosives, propellants and pyrotechnics. Forum, 3rd floor, Petersham House, 57A Hatton PO Box 26008, Tampa, FL 33623, USA. Telephone:
Contact Ken Price, Riskom International, Garden, London EC1N 8JD, UK. Telephone: (+1 800) 827 3515
97 Tweeddale Road, Applecross, WA 6153, (+44 20) 7045 0900 www.tankstorageforum.
Australia. Telephone: (+61 8) 9364 7489 www. com/tankworldexpo/ Transport Logistic May 5-8, Munich
Flame Biennial exhibition for logistics, IT and supply
Interspill 2015 April 13-16, Amsterdam chain management. Contact Messe Mnchen
March 24-26, Amsterdam 21st annual conference on natural gas and LNG GmbH, Messegelnde, 81823 Mnchen,
Triennial conference and exhibition for the in Europe. Contact ICBI Customer Services, Maple Germany. Telephone: (+49 89) 949 11368 www.
European oil spill response sector. Contact House, 149 Tottenham Court Road, London

Serving the tank storage
HCB March 2015 incident log

community globally



For more information or to book your stand contact the StocExpo and Organised by

Tank Storage Events Team on +44 (0) 208 8438 801 27

training March 2015 HCB

HCB March 2015 storage

Volume and value

Getting in and out Platform, available as a downloadable app,
trade Liquid bulk traffic in A key element in Antwerps position as a that provides users with better information
northern Europe is dormant, major distribution hub for chemicals and about the various possibilities for transport to
petroleum products is its accessibility by and from the port. In little more than a year
right? Dont tell the Port of sea, inland waterway and surface transport since its launch, the platform now has some
Antwerp, which has just modes. The dredging of the River Scheldt has 70 transport operators listing their intermodal
racked up a substantial hike in ensured deepwater access for large product connections and more than 280 shipping
tankers, very large gas carriers and bigger companies showcasing maritime connections
throughput and is expecting containerships. from Antwerp to European destinations.
better times to come In addition, the Flemish government Some 200 container terminals in 15 European
and APA are constructing a second lock countries have joined the platform.
in Waasland port and are making large
investments in the rail network. The 16.2-km Keep it clean
Liefkenshoek rail tunnel was officially opened In addition to investing in accessibility and
this past December, providing rail traffic with infrastructure, another key aspect for APA is
The Port of Antwerp recorded another record quicker connections between the left and creating a sustainable port for the future, with
year in 2014, with total freight volumes of right banks of the river and to the European several initiatives currently underway. For
199m tonnes up 4.3 per cent on 2013. Its two hinterland. instance, by 2016 it should be possible for
star performers were containers (up 5.9 per The recently launched Instream campaign barges to bunker LNG from a fixes station.
cent) and, contrary to rumours, liquid bulk, aims to promote the use of barge traffic. Every APA is one of the partners in the LNG Master
which rose 5.6 per cent to 62.9m tonnes. week more than 915 barges call in Antwerp Plan for the Rhine-Main-Danube waterway,
This is significant growth, particularly and keeping this volume of traffic flowing aimed at promoting LNG as a fuel and a
because it follows a hugely successful year smoothly requires an efficient collaboration cargo for European barges. APA is building
in 2013 when liquid bulk surged by no less between all parties in the chain. Over the a bunkering station, subsidised under the
than 31.4 per cent to 59.5m tonnes, says the past few years this collaboration has led to the European Commissions TEN-T programme.
Antwerp Port Authority (APA). In terms of development of various digital tools designed The first LNG fuelling station for trucks has
liquid bulk, Antwerp has now consolidated its to make the port accessible for barges, says opened at the ADPO site and CNG is now
second position in the Antwerp-Rotterdam- APA. The Instream campaign draws all these available on both sides of the river.
Amsterdam (ARA) range. initiatives together, making clear at a glance The petrochemical industry within the port
Antwerps continued growth in terms of how Antwerp stands out from other ports. has also embarked on several programmes
liquid bulk handling has come largely as a Adding a second loop to the Premium to dramatically reduce emissions in the port.
result of ongoing investment in the citys Barge Service and the opening of the new rail Members of Essenscia, which represents some
petrochemical cluster by international energy tunnel will make a big difference in particular 50 chemical companies, managed to reduce
and chemical firms, including ExxonMobil to the movement of containers within the port their NOx emissions by 25 per cent between
and Total. The Port Authority is very much area. Initiatives have also been put in place to 2009 and 2013. The chemical industry now
supportive of the further development of the expand capacity on the road network, notably represents less than 3 per cent of all NOx
petrochemical industry and in line with that the E19 to Breda and E313 to Liege. emissions in Belgium. The port itself has also
ambition has set up a cluster management APA has also been proactive in using IT made great strides in terms of sustainability
organisation for the oil and chemical sector, to offer a better service to shippers and port last month it received certification according
it says. users. Its website now has a Connectivity to the ISO 50001 energy management

storage March 2015 HCB

in the Port of Antwerp have risen sharply. the Local Committee for Maritime Security
The value added by the Port contributes and four ISPS facilities in the port area.
8.7 per cent of the GDP of Flanders and it Disaster simulations and security exercises
directly employs 2.6 per cent of the regions are regularly held in the Antwerp port area,
workforce. in order to coordinate the internal emergency
In terms of safety, the port community is and security plans of the various companies
working hard on several initiatives. It was with those of the port, the city and other
the first port to publish procedures for LNG emergency services. BASF Belgium has
bunkering, in March 2014, for instance. also established a new crisis centre and is
Antwerp is investing in making the port easier
to access by sea and river Last year also saw the establishment of the investing in five fire engines and a new alarm
first port information network, which links management system.
standard, being the first port to do so. Based companies within the 130-km2 port area with
on an energy policy declaration, APA has the local police and authorities, allowing them Where cargo comes from
defined the various areas in which it has taken to communicate any suspicious activity. If APA is going to carry on enjoying growth
or will take action to improve the energy The port also continues to make sure that it in liquid bulk throughput, it will be up to
efficiency of its services and departments, so is fully trained in the event of an emergency. petrochemical manufacturers and oil refiners
as to use less energy overall. This past November, a large-scale Seveso to deliver and recent developments suggest
But sustainability is not just about disaster exercise took place at the Oiltanking they are going to carry on doing just that.
providing a cleaner, low-emission port Stolthaven storage terminal, involving some Last year ExxonMobil said it was putting
it also means sustainability in terms of 200 people from various emergency and $1bn into its Antwerp refinery to improve
economic growth and employment. A 2012 coordination services and APA. In parallel, the performance and capacity, on top of the more
report by the National Bank of Belgium Antwerp Province Military Command carried than $2bn invested over the past decade. The
showed that added value and employment out a security exercise in collaboration with first fruits of the latest round of investment

Ensuring the
safety of
operators & profit.
e. | @EmcoWheaton

HCB March 2015 storage

will be on hand soon, after the company has an annual production capacity of 155,000 has also announced plans for a new solvent-
started work on a delayed coker unit this past tonnes. Evonik Industries chose Antwerp as free glue production line at its research and
October. This is designed to convert high- the location for the first production plant for production site in Zwijndrecht as part of a
sulphur residual oil into cleaner products, its AQUAVI Met-Met feedstuff additive for wider 20m investment.
notably to provide gasoil and fuel oil for the the aquaculture sector and is also building a
shipping industry, which needs to reduce its new 100,000-tpa 1-butene production unit and And how it gets there
sulphur emissions under new restrictions expanding methyl tert-butyl ether capacity by While APA and local government can provide
imposed by the International Maritime up to 150,000 tpa. the basis for infrastructure development,
Organisation (IMO). Praxair is building its second air separation sometimes it is up to independent providers to
Total is also to invest 1bn in a plant in Antwerp and extending its pipeline get capacity on the ground. ADPO and Ineos
modernisation programme at its Antwerp system, increasing its supply capacity of Phenol have struck an agreement under which
plant, its largest refining and petrochemical oxygen and nitrogen to other companies in ADPO will gain direct water access to the
facility in Europe. By concentrating its the port area. Air Liquide is also doubling its River Scheldt via the existing Ineos Phenol
investments in this large, integrated platform, carbon monoxide production through a 50m jetty, in exchange for which Ineos Phenol will
Total aims to reinforce its competitive investment; the output is used by BASF get direct access to the European rail network.
position within the industry, APA says. As in the production of methylene diphenyl ADPO is also building a new storage
with ExxonMobil, part of the investment will diisocyanate (MDI), an important precursor in terminal on the left bank, ADPO
be put towards a new unit to process heavy polyurethane production. Liefkenshoek Logistic Hub (LLH). The
fuel oil into low-sulphur diesel and heating Another major project came onstream in first phase will comprise 37,000 m3 of tank
oil, due onstream in 2016. Lillo, on the left bank of the River Scheldt, storage, of which 10,000 m3 will be in
Among other recent developments, BASF last year when Lanxess opened its 90,000 tpa stainless steel, together with a 10,000-m2
has started a new butadiene extraction unit plastics plant. The 75m-project produces chemical warehouse and a 3-ha container
at its Antwerp plant, its second in Europe; it polyamides for the automotive sector. 3M storage area. A second phase will provide

Emco Wheatons
F2020 Overfill
Prevention System
t: +44 (0) 1843 221521

storage March 2015 HCB

three more tank pits with 60,000 m3 of new with completion due next year. Two new ship a total floor area of 341,000 m, including
capacity. docks and a barge dock are also being added. a former assembly hall, warehouses, an
Another local terminal operator, Noord This expansion is a response to our administrative building and a press shop. It is
Natie, is also adding to capacity. The current customers needs, and moves ITC Rubis to located beside deepsea docks, has its own rail
facility, with 350,000 m3 of storage in 240 the next level in providing excellent terminal connection and is connected to a dense road
tanks, will be expanded by up to 90,000 m3 services in the Port of Antwerp, says Pascal network.
through the erection of 32 tanks on 6 ha of De Maeijer, CEO of ITC Rubis. Current As a major integrated petrochemical
land adjacent to the existing facility. The capacity stands at 110,000 m3; there is cluster the Port of Antwerp has many
project will also add 500 m of extra berth sufficient land available to expand the site to advantages when it comes to developing
space and two new cargo manifolds, and six 800,000 m3. industrial activities into profitable
new road tanker loading bays, two of which investments. In order to encourage this trend
can be used for rail tank cars. More to come? the Port Authority has set up a special unit to
LBC Tank Terminals has responded to In October last year, Antwerp announced a support the oil and chemical cluster. Acting
the new low-sulphur fuel requirements by unique investment opportunity in the port, as a one-stop-shop, APA can assist investors
adding extra storage capacity. It has finalised making 96 ha available. The Churchill and shippers in setting up their business in
35,000 m3 of new tankage for the storage of Industrial Zone offers a number of intrinsic Antwerp.
distillates and heavy fuel oil. advantages including trimodal access and an In addition, APA will stimulate the
More recently, ITC Rubis has announced existing area of ready-to-use buildings. physical renewal of infrastructure and offer
the go-ahead on the second phase of This zone has a total area of more than state-of-the-art capacity. The ultimate aim of
construction at its Antwerp terminal. The 950,000 m, making it possible for a new these efforts is to enable the oil and chemical
terminal is adding 155,000 m3 of new investor to erect new buildings or build new sector in Antwerp to grow more rapidly than
capacity for chemicals and gases in a range industrial facilities. The existing buildings, its direct European competitors.
of low-pressure mild and stainless steel tanks, formerly used by a car manufacturer, have

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HCB March 2015 storage

A quick check-up Whats new?

The changes to the TIR have resulted in an
extra 200 questions being added to the sixth
AUDITS The Chemical Distribution Institute has just launched edition, which now contains 2,000 questions
the latest edition of its questionnaire for tank terminals. and over 1,000 changes compared to the
previous edition.
HCB caught up with general manager Captain Howard Snaith CDI-Ts technical committee has reviewed
to hear how the scheme has evolved all 71 certification and testing-related questions.
Following on from this, all inspection and
The Chemical Distribution Institutes (CDI) and that terminal is in the partner programme maintenance questions related to tanks, transfer
bulk liquids terminal inspection scheme of ACC, then CDI is authorised by ACC to lines and fire-fighting installations have been
(CDI-T) continues to see growth the number certify that terminal for the Responsible Care reassessed, as highlighted by the problems with
of its participants is increasing and the way the Management System (RCMS) (as long as it and subsequent replacement of fire-fighting
programme assess risk is evolving. meets the RCMS technical specification set out and extinguishing lines at OTR.
Captain Howard Snaith, CDIs general by ACC). Therefore, a CDI-T inspection will In this edition of the TIR, CDI has also
manager, tells HCB that participation in the provide not only a CDI-T inspection report but placed greater emphasis on evidence of
scheme has grown by more than 50 per cent also RCMS certification. maintenance and wet testing requirements.
over the last five years. Today, 127 storage As a result, the TIR has expanded its
terminal companies participate in the scheme Learnings and observations requirements for the verification and recording
around the world, which equates to more than As Snaith points out, there are many high- of documentary evidence for preventative
200 active terminal reports in the database. standard storage terminals around the world maintenance, fire-fighting equipment,
CDI-T has 57 accredited inspectors that are operated with excellent levels of safety hazardous conditions, safety-critical
worldwide, who between them inspected over and environmental performance. Nevertheless, equipment, emergency responses, surveys,
80 terminals during 2014 under the CDI-T accidents, leaks, errors, oversights and quality audits, environmental audits, health and
scheme. regulatory non-compliance do still occur, and safety audits, security certification, workplace
there is much still to be learned from these inspections and any related outstanding non-
Question time incidents. conformities.
On February 28 this year, CDI launched the Once such example is Odfjell Terminals Terminals must verify that they are
sixth edition of its Terminal Inspection Report (Rotterdam) (OTR), which HCB has covered conducting an active review process by
(TIR), which has been endorsed by the CDI-T extensively. OTRs troubles came to a head in providing dates and details of the terminals
executive board. CDI-Ts primary objective is December 2013 when the terminal was fined operating licences for the products stored/
risk mitigation, Snaith says. The CDI scheme 3m by Rotterdams Public Prosecutor for handled. Detailed logs must also be kept of
as a whole aims to provide chemical companies breach of safety and licensing requirements. emergency response exercises and records of
with cost-effective systems for risk assessment, The judge, in his summing up, called the inspections relating to corrosion prevention,
which helps them in their commitment to terminal a disaster waiting to happen. Since monitoring and control must be verified,
Responsible Care and the Code of Distribution then, extensive renovation work has been according to new requirements in the TIR.
Management Practice. conducted at the terminal and safety authorities The rest of the TIR will be familiar territory,
To do so, the new edition of the TIR has have approved almost all OTRs tanks to enter Snaith says. The sixth edition TIR retains its
been developed to fully align with the American back into use. strong focus on terminal employees skills,
Chemistry Councils (ACC) 2013 technical The Institute has kept an eye on the well- competency, qualifications, background checks,
specification regarding Responsible Care. documented failings at OTR, and in response psychological tests, medical examinations,
ACC and CDI are party to a memorandum has added new questions to the latest edition of performance, development, employee reviews,
of agreement to cooperate on matters of its CDI-T inspection questionnaire. manning levels and competency verification
mutual interest in promoting high levels of The CDI-T Technical Committee for employees with risk-prioritised health and
health, safety, environmental and security (consisting jointly of chemical company and safety tasks.
performance, Snaith says. The alliance terminal company experts) completed the The sixth edition will continue to provide
between ACC and CDI specifically provides review of all feedback received from end users the chemical industry with a robust risk
ACC Responsible Care Partner companies and routinely evaluates any industry safety assessment programme for several years to
in North America the option of using CDI-T reports, Snaith explains. This specifically come, Snaith concludes. Our focus is the
to meet their Responsible Care certification included a review of the Dutch Safety Board continued growth of the global scheme.
requirements. report regarding OTR. CDI has made a number The sixth edition of the TIR can be
In other words, if a terminal in North of changes in the sixth edition of the Terminal downloaded from the CDI website.
America is inspected under the CDI-T scheme Inspection Report (TIR) as a result.

storage March 2015 HCB

QUALITY What is the price
of a sampling system? And
what does the user require of
it? Specialist engineering firm
Doedijns gives its opinion

The world currently uses around 85m barrels Cheaper sampling systems that do not the correct collection of the sample,
of oil a day. Thats a lot of oil and worth meet those standards are of course available, conditioning of the sub-sample,
a lot of money. Accurate measurement and a lower initial price can make them look use of the correct analysis method and
is essential, and that does not just mean very tempting. However, users should look system validation.
measuring the volume of oil, but also its at the cost of ownership over the systems Doedijns has been active for more than
quality. A barrel of oil may be 42 US gallons lifetime. Even a small improvement in 20 years in the sampling of hydrocarbon
of black stuff, but the very next barrel may accuracy can make a big difference, given fluids and gases, the company says. We
have black stuff of different specific gravity, the very large volumes of product being have gained wide experience developing
density or water content. All those factors subjected to sampling. A sampling system sampling products and supplying over 300
have an influence on the calorific value that has been validated to international high standard sampling systems in all parts
of the oil and its behaviour in the refinery standards will also give increased confidence of the world. Our worldwide availability is
process, so buyers in particular need to know to the purchasing party that the water in the strengthened by our position as a member
exactly what they are getting. cargo is actually being detected. of DGI (Doedijns Group International),
Most crude oils when purchased have a The collection of a sample is not just the which enables us to provide complete
known quality. The approximate density is method of extracting the sample from the project management from quotation process,
also generally known and the water content cargo but the complete route from sample engineering, procurement, fabrication,
range has been agreed by the selling and location point to validation of the sampling installation to commissioning, service and
purchasing parties. However, receiving and analysis systems. When sampling multi- maintenance and as official distributor of
terminals are often surprised at the higher phase products such as crude oils there are a wide range of A-brand components in
water content of the cargo compared to the six major points to observe to obtain an selected regions.
bill of lading given by the loading terminal. accurate quality measurement: Doedijns will have its sampling systems
This can in certain cases, according to the the correct positioning of the sample probe, on its stand at this months StocExpo event
type of contract between the parties, lead to conditioning of the pipeline contents, in Rotterdam. We look forward to meeting
claims being filed. you at our stand, M17.
Oil sampling systems are just a small
Do it right
It is good practice for all parties along the
supply chain to take samples of oil on its
way from wellhead to refinery. To make
 oedijns will have its
sampling systems on
its stand at this months
part of Doedijns overall offering to the oil,
gas, maritime and offshore sectors. Other
specialisations include ballast control,
chemical injection, condition monitoring,
sure that the sampling process is consistent, emergency shutdown systems, helicopter
international standards have been agreed StocExpo event in refuelling skids, oil filtration, reelers and

API 8.2 and ISO 3171 are the most
spoolers, valve actuation and winch systems.
HCB March 2015 storage

What is the Blue Ridge Southern Railroad in North

Carolina, formerly owned by Norfolk

Watco now owns 31 shortline railroads
operating on more than 4,400 miles (7,080
km) of line. It also has 28 industrial contract
switching operations and, prior to the latest
deal with Kinder Morgan, had 25 terminals,
nine warehouses and two port locations.

Services for energy

Watco is well placed to benefit from the
ongoing development of shale oil and gas
resources and the new demands that is
placing on transport and handling facilities.
Healthy collaboration This past October it started work on the
investment A new Watcos relationship with Kinder Morgan South Heart Rail Terminal (SHRT) in
name is emerging in the US goes back to December 2010, when Kinder North Dakota, in a joint venture with Great
Morgan Energy Partners arranged to invest Northern Project Development. SHRT is
liquids supply chain. But Watco up to $150m in Watco in exchange for a designed to serve the energy industry in the
Companies has been around preferred equity position in the company. Bakken area as well as the Three Forks and
a while and its relationship An initial $50m investment in January 2011 Tyler formations and other emerging shale
provided capital for Watco to expand some plays. It will offer maintenance and repair
with Kinder Morgan places it specific terminal projects. Seen in this light, services as well as warehousing and storage
at the centre of the developing the transfer of 31 of Kinder Morgans smaller for materials. It will receive and transload
facilities is part of a longer-term strategy to dry bulk commodities such as frac sand and
logistics sector align transport and storage assets in a number cement, as well as oilfield equipment, piping
of commodity markets. and road materials.
This past January 22 Watco Companies Indeed, Kinder Morgans terminals provide Last year Watco also announced a merger
announced it had reached an agreement only a portion of group sales. Earnings from of its railcar repair network with that of
with Kinder Morgan Terminals (KMT) its terminals division which includes coal the Greenbrier Companies, forming the
to purchase 31 terminals across the US. terminals and other facilities as well as sites largest independent railcar repair group in
The facilities, which will be operated by handling liquid bulks came in at $979m North America, GBW Railcar Services.
Watco Terminal and Port Services (WTPS), out of a total of $7.54bn in 2014; its natural In particular, the partners are targeting the
include 14 traditional rail-to-truck transload gas pipeline ($4.07bn) and carbon dioxide servicing, recertification and retrofitting of
and switching facilities, 13 sites on inland ($1.46bn) segments were the major part of the North Americas rail tank car fleet. At the
waterways that serve bulk and breakbulk overall business, and the products pipelines time of the announcement, Watco said that
customers, three sites with deepwater access segment also contributed $860m. federally mandated tank car recertifications
and one inland river tank farm. Similarly, Watco Companies is primarily a were running at around 22,000 per year and
The deal, due to close this quarter, is railroad operator. The company was founded were expected to increase by 25 per cent in
being done on the basis of an equity interest in 1983 Dick Webb when he acquired an 2015.
exchange. industrial switching operation in DeRidder, Since the new deal with Kinder Morgan
The Watco team is excited to expand Louisiana. In 1985 Webb opened a railcar was struck, Watco has been busy restructuring
our outstanding relationship with KMT repair shop in Coffeyville, Kansas, winning a its operations and marketing activities and
and to position operations in a manner that contract to repair railcars handling coal from is planning to expand its service offering at
best benefits our mutual customers, Watco the Wyoming coalfields. its existing and new sites. Will Patterson has
president Rick Baden said at the time of the In the early 1990s, Watco began expanding been appointed as senior vice-president at
announcement. This is an expansion of into railroad operations, buying up a string of WTPS with a brief to create continued organic
Watco services that will bring several great shortline companies. Its first acquisition was revenue growth across the expanded terminal
connections between terminals, ports and a line from Nevada, Missouri to Coffeyville, network. Patterson joined Watco in 2012 after
railroads. We think this has strong growth which Watco bought from Union Pacific. leaving Kinder Morgan and is familiar with
opportunities for each of these locations, their Watco has continued to add to its shortline the acquired sites.
customers and the communities they serve. portfolio ever since, most recently buying

storage March 2015 HCB

A place in the sun

ANALYSIS Geography dictates that the peninsular and archipelagic nations of south-
east Asia rely heavily on maritime transport. Perhaps of more interest in terms of bulk
liquids terminalling is its growing role as a global trading hub
It is no accident that Filipinos make up it is a major centre of oil refining and Local reports say that all of this crude oil
such a large proportion of the worlds petrochemical production. Rather, capacity has already been fully subscribed
merchant marine workforce. Just as is the Singapores large volume of tankage is by BP and Total.
case in Greece or Norway, if goods need there mainly to provide a base for trading Pengerang is located at the
getting from one place to another within activity in the crude oil and petroleum southernmost point in Johor state and
the Philippines, then carriage by sea is products markets. only 10 km east of Singapore. In other
often the only option. words, Pengerang and Singapore are
Malaysia, split between the peninsula Over the bridge closer than Rotterdam and Antwerp. The
and its island provinces, is also highly What is of interest to investors and port will really begin to make a mark
reliant on maritime transport, as is equipment and service suppliers is the once the PIC terminals start coming
Indonesia, although the large populations growth of the Singapore terminalling onstream in 2019. The plan is twofold: to
on the main islands perhaps mean that sector, which now extends outside create an industrial hub including LNG
there is less need for local distribution the boundaries of the state itself to import and regasification facilities, power
by sea. neighbouring ports in both Malaysia and plants, oil refineries and petrochemical
So, as with food or other consumer Indonesia. manufacturing; and secondly to provide a
goods, fuel and other bulk liquids need to In particular, Johor state in Malaysia physical trading point for crude oil.
move by ship more often than they do in has made itself attractive as an investment Malaysia has seen that Singapore
more contiguous nations. And that means zone and, with the support of local is finding it increasingly hard to add to
there is a need for a lot of terminals to companies and authorities, has been physical storage capacity indeed, it is
handle those liquids. In the Philippines, instrumental in opening up port land for having to go underground now and develop
for example, data from TankTerminals. use as bulk liquids terminal facilities. the Banyan caverns and is willing to
com indicates that there are 32 bulk liquids The current focus is on Pengerang, where offer the one thing that Singapore lacks,
terminals, which may seem a lot for a Vopak and its partner Dialog Group have land, in exchange for a slice of the action
country of its size. However, the majority already opened up the first phases of a in terms of being a pricing hub for global
of them are small and are dedicated to multi-purpose industrial terminal and are trade in crude oil and refined products.
handling fuels for road transport, power now progressing with the development of Platts has already looked at the possibility
generation and heating on the numerous the Pengerang Integrated Complex (PIC), of extending its current price markers,
islands that make up the country. Those in association with state oil company perhaps adding to or replacing its current
32 terminals, in fact, are split between 24 Petronas. FOB Singapore prices with FOB Straits,
ports, and many are operated by Petron As well as meeting the needs of the which would include Johor.
Corp, the countrys largest oil refiner/ local oil and petrochemical industries The Straits are certainly where the
marketer. Only the major import terminal via PIC, the Pengerang independent oil action is right now; of the 24 sites listed by
at Subic Bay and Petrons Pandacan terminal also offers the first significant as being either under
terminal near Manila can be described as capacity for crude oil trading at an construction, undergoing expansion or
large. independent terminal in the region. The planned for construction or expansion, nine
At the other end of the spectrum, the facility opened a year ago with an initial are in Malaysia, six in Indonesia and five
tiny island state of Singapore is home to 432,000 m3 of capacity for petroleum in Singapore. Perhaps more tellingly, seven
nearly 12m m3 of tank storage capacity, products; the second phase of construction of Malaysias nine projects are greenfield
with plenty more either under construction is due to be commercially available this sites, as are half of those underway or
or planned. Clearly this is not all needed month, bringing overall capacity to 1.3m planned in Indonesia. And many of those
to supply its own requirements, although m3, including 420,000 m3 for crude oil. will be handling crude oil.

HCB March 2015 storage

Number of bulk liquids terminals, by country

No of No of Aggregate
ports terminals capacity (m m3)

Indonesia 14 20 2.14
Malaysia 16 38 6.26
Myanmar 2 4 1.30
Philippines 24 32 1.97
Singapore 1 17 11.92
Thailand 22 33 3.07
Vietnam 6 12 2.01

Major independent chemical terminals

Country/ Location Size (m3) Products Notes
terminal handled*

Linc Terminal Ciwandan 80,000 P, C
Dovechem Maspion Gresik 29,260 P, C Under expansion
Dharma Karya Perdana Jakarta 41,790 C
Bumimerak Terminalindo Merak 50,100 P, C, B
Redeco Petrolin Utama Merak 102,000 P, C
Vopak Merak 68,900 C, G
Dover Chemical Merak 82,500 P, C Under expansion

Johor Port Bhd Johor 645,000 P, C
Felda-Johore Bulkers Johor 401,250 P, C, V
Kertih Terminals Kertih 395,800 C, G
CSA Terminals Kuantan 81,900 C
Felda Bulkers Kuantan 133,900 P, C, V
Felda Bulkers Kuantan 42,100 C, V
FIMA Bulking Services Port Klang 75,000 P, C, V
Fimachem Port Klang 112,100 P, C
Port Klang Bulking Port Klang 44,200 C, V
Socship Port Klang 48,300 C, V
Stolthaven Westport Port Klang 140,300 O, P, C, V
Sahabat Bulking Installation Sabahat 59,500 C, V

Petron Manila 313,000 P, C

Stolthaven Singapore 182,400 P, C, G
Vopak Penjuru 283,500 C
Vopak Sebarok 1,263,080 P, C
Oiltanking Odfjell 402,330 C
Tankstore 1,190,160 O, P, C Under expansion
Vopak Banyan 1,373,375 P, C, G, B Under expansion
Vopak Sakra 280,570 C

MC Siam Logistics Phrapadaeng 39,800 P, C
Map Ta Phut Tank Terminal Rayong 500,000 P, C
Thai Tank Terminal Rayong 713,000 P, C, G, V Under expansion
Lenso Terminal Samut Prakan 30,000 C

Vietnam Petroleum Transport Haiphong - P, C, G Under construction
Vopak Nhoc Trach 48,200 C
PetroVietnam Vung Tau 110,000 P, C
Van An Petrochemical Vung Tau 47,000 C
*Key:B - biofuels; C - chemicals; G - LPG; O - crude oil; P - petroleum products; V - vegoils

Industrial Packaging

downstream energy consulting at IHS, will

discuss changing marine regulations and
the increasing need to store heavy fuels, as
well as the issues this presents for terminal
operators. Later in the day Hans Kuipers,
former chairman of the Engineering Equipment
and Materials Users Association (EEMUA),
will look at the impact of new and changing
regulations, examining EEMUA 159.

Ahoy there!
Golden opportunities
Delegates attending the conference on the
second day will get to hear a range of topics
pertaining to the days theme: opportunities
and finance. Chaired by Arend Van Campen,
the event organisers have worked hard to make CEO of Tank Terminal Training, papers will
PREVIEW StocExpos sure that this years conference provides not covers a range of subjects including industry
11th annual conference and only the same satisfaction but also continues opportunities from a financial perspective,
to cover matters that are both relevant and opportunities for storage and distribution,
exhibition takes place once contemporary to those in attendance. financial trends and business optimisation.
more in Rotterdam this year. The 2015 conference, which takes place The day will begin with an examination
Last years show, with nearly over all three days of the event, already looks of the impact of the shale gas revolution on
to have achieved this goal, with a programme the storage industry market, followed by Niels
3,000 visitors, was the most that features a range of topics focusing on Von Hombracht of Flowcom Consultancy,
successful yet and the team recent developments and new innovations who will explore opportunities for storage
within the tank storage industry. This includes and distribution possibilities in the German
are hopeful of further growth examinations of where the storage market is hinterlands.
this year growing and the opportunities for growth, Following a break, the focus of the day will
discussions about the current changes to shift towards financial and market perspectives,
The momentum behind the show is absolutely terminal safety regulations and innovations that with Andreas Huber set to explore the
fantastic, says Nick Powell, StocExpo & Tank will improve operational efficiencies, market experience of an infrastructure investor and
Storage Portfolio event director. This is the analysis and the latest business trends. provide an outlook for storage investments.
11th edition of StocExpo and in that time it has The first day of the conference will Dominic Edridge, an analyst with UBS Bank,
grown beyond all recognition, becoming the focus on market analysis, with 13 separate will provide an examination of the terminal
most important bulk storage event anywhere in presentations chaired by Ruud Van Stralen, market from a financial perspective, exploring
the world and a must-attend event for Europes managing director and owner of TankPort BV. trends in growth and asset values.
terminal operators, oil companies, traders and In his opening comments, Ruud will discuss Adding to this, Berend R Paasman, global
regulators. We dont take this position lightly. the importance of consolidation for terminals, head of the Logistics Group at DNB Bank, will
Thats why we have worked hard ensuring how this needs to be done and how to avoid discuss financial trends in the liquids storage
weve the best speaker line-up possible and complacency in order to improve efficiency. sector, as well as finance deals in different
a packed exhibition hall of top industry As well as a presentation on global fuel sectors. Mike Van Croonenburg, CEO of Petrol
suppliers. market developments from Erik Klooster, Storage Broker, will explore the question,
This years edition of StocExpo is set to head of government affairs at BP Netherlands, Why Invest in Storage?.
rival the success and popularity of the 2014 Onur Capan from Wood Mackenzie will give Moving onto technical matters, Chris
event, with around 20 per cent of the exhibitors a presentation examining European product Commander, engineering manager at
never having had their wares on show at trades. This will discuss the increasingly Oiltanking North America, will discuss tank
StocExpo before. That means there will be uncertain future of refineries in Europe and foundations and the opportunities to build
plenty of new faces, products and services to examine business activity in different places better tanks. There will be discussions on
see. around the world, including Russia, the US and the use of simulations to plan airport fuel
the Middle East. infrastructure, and the proper handling and
All aboard The impact of changing regulations is storage of jet fuel from Victor Montano
Boasting a content rating of excellent by all another pertinent topic that will be discussed Conde and Mike Farmery, respectively. Hugo
those who attended the conference last year, on the first day. John McVay, director of Hughes, CEO of TopTank, will focus on

storage March 2015 HCB

will feature a shorter but still relevant collection products and services that can help them run
of presentations, all built around a theme their facilities more safely and efficiently.
of improving efficiency, reducing costs and That certainly helps attract companies that
improving profitability through the application have equipment and systems to offer and new
of innovative technologies. in Rotterdam this year is Alltec Corporation,
Paul Harrison, technical manager for which offers a wide range of custom-
hydrocarbon management at the Energy engineered products for lightning protection,
Institute (EI), will examine loss control and surge protection and grounding. Alltec also
the importance of creating and maintaining provides its Protection Pyramid, a three-tier
Emersons highlight this year is tank gauge emulation guidelines. The final two presentations of system for grounding/earthing and bonding,
StocExpo 2015 will be from Andrew Feakins, surge suppression, and lightning protection
maximising service levels while minimising managing director of Impact People Strategies, designed to protect personnel and property as
capital expenditure; Thomas Kockisch, a global who will look at how to attract talented effectively as possible.
functional architect for logistics at BP Europa, employees and how to get the most out of Netherlands-based Rebo Systems, a
and Dimitris Pagonis, international senior sales existing staff, and John Reynolds, director of leading specialist manufacturer and supplier
manager at Implico, will discuss optimising the Reynolds Training Services, who will discuss of industrial sign and labelling systems,
supply chain using standards in data exchange. process safety and the role of training in will also be present. Its systems are used
Bringing the second day of the conference meeting regulatory requirements, illustrated by in a number of applications, including
to a close is Liz Copland, principal of IKM a case study at an Inter Terminals facility. maintenance scheduling, valve and pipe
Consulting, who will examine process safety identification, equipment labelling, health
management and its role in improving asset New faces and safety, tank and vessel marking, chemical
integrity and reducing environmental risks. Terminal operators who attend the StocExpo waste and cables and cabinets.
The third and final day of the conference exhibition are always on the lookout for Rebo has also recently launched two new

chemical tankers

March 17-19, 2015
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products, including the Toro portable label silicone hoses for automotive, marine and for the first time this year. Based in
and sign system, an easy-to-use, portable industrial applications. Johannesburg, Metermatic designs, develops
system capable of generating maintenance Another interesting new exhibitor in the and manufactures a range of safe electrical
marking, safety signs, valve and pipe line of safety is Seaman Corporation, which products, equipment and software for the
identification, equipment labels, asset labels, produces a range of coating formulas and petrochemical industry. Its range includes
cable and wire marking at the touch of a knitted or woven cloths. These products can electronic presets and registers, systems
button. Rebos second new release is the be used in high performance roof systems, for sealed parcel delivery and crossover
SMS 900, which is designed for in-house geo-membrane liners, truck tarps, architectural prevention, additive injectors and controllers,
production of bigger signs, labels and structures, recreational products and more. electronic sensors and software.
notices. Boasting over 50 years of experience,
Another new and interesting StocExpo Equipment and gadgets Bermad Holland is a world-leading
exhibitor with safety in mind is Gelis, which FMC Technologies is, perhaps surprisingly, provider of hydraulic control valves, offering
represents Hughes Safety Showers, said to be another new exhibitor, coming to Rotterdam to customised solutions for the management
the largest European manufacturer of safety show its range of systems and products for the of water distribution. As well as being
showers and eyebaths. oil, gas production and processing industries. designed for optimal water usage efficiency,
Hailing from Italy, Tubi Flessibili is a The range includes measurement solutions, Bermad Hollands valves can be used for fire
small but flexible company that produces tank truck products and systems as well as protection, waterworks and irrigation.
technical industrial hoses as well as sewn and terminal automation systems and the Accuload KLAW Products says it is the market
thermo-welded textile products. These can be IV newest generation electronic preset system, leader in the design, manufacture and
used for a number of applications, including renowned for being one of the most widely application of breakaway couplings, dry break
ventilation systems and in the chemical and used devices by operators in oil custody couplings and emergency release systems for
petrochemical industries. The company also transfer. offshore and onshore liquid and gas transfer
supplies industrial hoses, elbows and bespoke Metermatic will also be exhibiting systems. Having worked closely with the oil,

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chemical tankers
storage March 2015 HCB

gas and petrochemical industries for years, inspections and integrity assessments. MPT will also be making another
its products are suitable for a number of Formerly known as Holvrieka Nirota, appearance at the StocExpo exhibition,
applications, including ship-to-ship, ship-to- Nirota BV specialises in the development, advertising its mixing and dosing systems for
shore and ship-to-rig transfers and the loading design and manufacture of stainless steel tanks all aspects of fluid handling and large tank
and unloading of road tankers and rail cars. for the processing and storage of liquids and mixing. This includes the exclusive Pulsair
dry solids. Nirota provides services across the mixing system, which is based on the injection
Also worth a look globe, offering high stands of quality. It also of an adjustable pressure pulse underneath an
Bug-O Systems produces welding offers a variety of tanks in different sizes and accumulator plate, installed on the bottom of
equipment for a range of tasks, including tank for different applications as well as solutions the mixing tank. MPTs product range also
construction. Its large selection of welding for storage, land and sea transport and turnkey comprises chemical-dosing systems as turnkey
products includes the recent reintroduction receiving terminals. installations for petrochemical and power
of the Zipper Welder, which has seen an plants.
increase in demand thanks to increased tank Familiar faces Emerson Process Management will have
production, but also because it is fast, efficient, Some exhibitors will be more familiar to its terminal experts on hand to discuss the
cost-effective and easy to use on vertical regular StocExpo-goers. Madesta, for instance, technical problems that terminal operators are
seams. Bug-O Systems has also released a new operates as a steel service centre with annual facing, and help them find solutions. Visitors
tool, the Bug-O CGW 500, which produces deliveries of more than 500,000 tonnes of to the companys stand will be able to see
2G horizontal sub-arc welds for a number of prefabricated steel plates and parts worldwide. the latest in high-accuracy tank gauging and
applications including storage tanks, wind It can deliver goods by ship, rail or truck and level management, as well as the launch of
towers and piling construction. offers strong overall logistics support. a brand new system hub for faster and more
Pensylvania-based Discus Engineered Trisoplast Mineral Liners is another flexible data collection and for tank gauge and
Products manufactures roof and seal systems, familiar face. Its Trisoplast product is an control room emulation. The company offers
including a welded aluminium internal floating effective, durable and desiccation-resistant a complete and innovative overfull prevention
roof and the OpenRaft roof design. Together mineral barrier. Using a special bentonite- solutions, rated up to SIL 3 level, as well as
with the StainlessLog seal systems, Opent Raft polymer component with a mineral filler smart wireless tank gauging to help automate
prevents explosive vapours from becoming such as sand and in combination with the whole tank fam.
trapped under the roof, has a lower evaporation water, Trisoplast can achieve outstanding Our highlight this year is tank gauge
rate than standard aluminium floating roofs performance in a range of applications, emulation, says Emerson. The Rosemount
and also allows for increased storage capacity including as a liner for landfills, tank storage Tank Gauging System lets you replace old
in tanks. facilities, recycling stations, sludge depots and mechanical or servo level gauges with modern
Sometimes old sites need tearing down, and more. radar-based level gauges using your existing
with over 50 years of experience in industrial Another returning StocExpo exhibitor is field wiring and host system. Just plug-n-
demolition and metal recycling, Hoffland BV KTW Kunststoff-Technik GmbH, which gauge!
is an able contractor. After creating a detailed specialises in the field of soil and water And, as in previous years, Emerson
project plan, with consideration of activities, protection, and has been waterproofing civil Process Management will be hosting its
risk analysis and client approval, Hoffland will engineering and concrete structures for 25 Little Taste of Sweden at the end of the
carry out the process using modern equipment years. It also focuses on highly elastic sealing first day. This is already a modern classic
and dedicated professionals. of catchment areas and leakage chambers with all sorts of important and non-important
Keller Grundbau GmbH is the largest in refineries and fuel depots. This includes guests! Join us for tasty reindeer meat, the
independent ground engineering specialist DIBT-approved film systems for large, traditional pickled herring, and other Swedish
in the world, with activities across Europe, connected areas as well as highly elastic lining delicacies including some spicy snaps. Come
Australia, America, the Middle East and Asia. on contaminated sub-surfaces with difficult and meet friends and colleagues in a relaxed
Keller provides solutions for soil improvement construction details, such as pumping stations, atmosphere. Previous years our stand has
and groundwater control, and boasts the pipeline connections, shafts and substations. been filled with Pippi look-a-likes, moose and
capability of carrying out all types of ground Returning once again is Arflu Industrial Vikings. One never knows who or what to
engineering control. Valves, bringing with it two new products. meet this year
Norwegian company KTN AS specialises The first is the Dual Expanding Plug Valve, With an invitation like that, StocExpo 2015
in the maintenance of oil and gas pipelines, designed to bypass the challenge of double is shaping up to be another successful event.
as well as condition assessments. It performs block and bleed service. Secondly, Arflu will Setting a course for StocExpo will certainly be
work on offshore installations and onshore exhibit its Rising Stem Ball Valve, designed for worth the voyage, with undoubtedly something
terminals as well as process plants, both in the oil and gas industry for services requiring there to suit the needs of everybody - so come
Norway and internationally. KTN offers a positive action seal to avoid leakage or process and drop your anchor at the Ahoy, Rotterdam
number of pipeline services including visual contamination. and see what StocExpo can offer you.

chemical tankers
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HCB March 2015 storage

QUALITY What is the price
of a sampling system? And
what does the user require of
it? Specialist engineering firm
Doedijns gives its opinion

The world currently uses around 85m barrels Cheaper sampling systems that do not the correct collection of the sample,
of oil a day. Thats a lot of oil and worth meet those standards are of course available, conditioning of the sub-sample,
a lot of money. Accurate measurement and a lower initial price can make them look use of the correct analysis method and
is essential, and that does not just mean very tempting. However, users should look system validation.
measuring the volume of oil, but also its at the cost of ownership over the systems Doedijns has been active for more than
quality. A barrel of oil may be 42 US gallons lifetime. Even a small improvement in 20 years in the sampling of hydrocarbon
of black stuff, but the very next barrel may accuracy can make a big difference, given fluids and gases, the company says. We
have black stuff of different specific gravity, the very large volumes of product being have gained wide experience developing
density or water content. All those factors subjected to sampling. A sampling system sampling products and supplying over 300
have an influence on the calorific value that has been validated to international high standard sampling systems in all parts
of the oil and its behaviour in the refinery standards will also give increased confidence of the world. Our worldwide availability is
process, so buyers in particular need to know to the purchasing party that the water in the strengthened by our position as a member
exactly what they are getting. cargo is actually being detected. of DGI (Doedijns Group International),
Most crude oils when purchased have a The collection of a sample is not just the which enables us to provide complete
known quality. The approximate density is method of extracting the sample from the project management from quotation process,
also generally known and the water content cargo but the complete route from sample engineering, procurement, fabrication,
range has been agreed by the selling and location point to validation of the sampling installation to commissioning, service and
purchasing parties. However, receiving and analysis systems. When sampling multi- maintenance and as official distributor of
terminals are often surprised at the higher phase products such as crude oils there are a wide range of A-brand components in
water content of the cargo compared to the six major points to observe to obtain an selected regions.
bill of lading given by the loading terminal. accurate quality measurement: Doedijns will have its sampling systems
This can in certain cases, according to the the correct positioning of the sample probe, on its stand at this months StocExpo event
type of contract between the parties, lead to conditioning of the pipeline contents, in Rotterdam. We look forward to meeting
claims being filed. you at our stand, M17.
Oil sampling systems are just a small
Do it right
It is good practice for all parties along the
supply chain to take samples of oil on its
way from wellhead to refinery. To make
 oedijns will have its
sampling systems on
its stand at this months
part of Doedijns overall offering to the oil,
gas, maritime and offshore sectors. Other
specialisations include ballast control,
chemical injection, condition monitoring,
sure that the sampling process is consistent, emergency shutdown systems, helicopter
international standards have been agreed StocExpo event in refuelling skids, oil filtration, reelers and
API 8.2 and ISO 3171 are the most
spoolers, valve actuation and winch systems.

storage March 2015 HCB

storage news there is sufficient land available to expand Oiltanking will continue to be the
the site to 800,000 m3. operating and managing partner at the
OTR on the mend terminals. It has not revealed the terms of the
Odfjell is optimistic that its Rotterdam deal, which is subject to the usual regulatory
terminal has turned a corner, despite Oiltanking cashing in approvals, but says the cash it receives
continuing to run at a loss, with negative Oiltanking has agreed to sell a 45 per cent will help fund further growth in its global
EBITDA of $7m in the fourth quarter. share in its terminals in Terneuzen and network of terminals.
Current capacity of 550,000 m3 is enjoying Ghent to 3i Infrastructure, which acquired Meanwhile, Enterprise Products Partners
occupancy of 90 per cent, due mainly a similar holding in Oiltankings terminals has completed the takeover of Oiltanking
to contango in the gasoline market, and in Amsterdam, Malta and Singapore in Partners, through a merger with an Enterprise
Odfjell has signed a contract to bring 2007. Since then, 3i Infrastructure has subsidiary. The completion of this merger is
the distillation unit back into operation been a reliable and strong partner in these a significant milestone for our partnership,
this quarter. It is also hopeful of bringing terminals, says Oiltanking, which adds says Michael A Creel, CEO of the general
another 350,000 m3 of capacity back that it is pleased to expand the existing partner of Enterprise. Our ownership of
onstream this year after remedial work and partnership after 3i Infrastructure succeeded Oiltanking Partners provides new avenues for
notes that in January the terminal received in a competitive bidding process. growth and adds important marine terminals
ISO certification, something it says is
an important milestone on the road to
The new Charleston terminal in the
US is expected to reach full occupancy
Where did the bio go?
during the first quarter 2015, and a recently BIOFUELS The Port of
completed stainless steel tankpit at the Rotterdam has reported a
Houston terminal is already fully occupied.
Another 17,150 m3 of capacity at Houston
recent fall in the throughput
is due for completion by the end of this of biofuels. What lies behind
year. Mechanical completion of the Tianjin this effect?
terminal in China is also due during the first
quarter. The emergence of biofuels in the European Rotterdam fell from 1.1m tonnes in 2013
Overall, Odfjells tank terminals energy mix was seen as holding promise for to 0.7m tonnes. Spain is now the largest
contributed EBITDA of $2m on revenues the regions terminal operators, with more single source, accounting for 60 per cent of
of $24m in the fourth quarter; provisional demand expected for dedicated tankage. throughput, while Malaysia remains another
full-year figures show a decline in revenues And while there was an initial surge in important source. Local production in the
from $129m in 2013 to $94m last year, with the handling requirement, more recently Rotterdam area has also increased. Exports
negative EBITDA of $4m compared to a volumes at the major ports in northern rose from 1.5m tonnes to 1.6m tonnes,
$22m profit in 2013. Europe have declined. with the UK accounting for 42 per cent of The Port of Rotterdam, which says it is volumes handled.
the most important port for the handling, Throughput of ethanol has declined
ITC Rubis adding more tanks storage and production of biofuels in consistently from a peak of 2.4m tonnes in
Construction work has started on the Europe, has reported a 15 per cent decline in 2008, falling to 1.0m tonnes last year. France
second phase of the ITC Rubis terminal in throughput last year, with 3.8m tonnes less and the UK together accounted for 45 per
Antwerp. The terminal is adding 155,000 product coming in through its terminals. It cent of imports through Rotterdam, while
m3 of new capacity for chemicals and blames additional import duties and taxes a number of other countries that have been
gases in a range of low-pressure mild and which, it says, have made biodiesel from exempted from import duties including
stainless steel tanks, with completion due Indonesia and Argentina less attractive. Guatemala, Peru, Costa Rica and Pakistan
next year. Two new ship docks and a barge At the same time, those import are also seeing higher exports.
dock are also being added. duties have made local production more Throughput of ethyl tert-butyl ether
This expansion is a response to our competitive, and European output has (ETBE) also declined, from 0.7m tonnes to
customers needs, and moves ITC Rubis increased. The general impression is that 0.5m tonnes. France is the most important
to the next level in providing excellent the biofuels market has become more of an source and destination for volumes passing
terminal services in the Port of Antwerp, internal EU market, says the port. through Rotterdam.
says Pascal De Maeijer, CEO of ITC Rubis. Last year imports of biodiesel through
Current capacity stands at 110,000 m3;

storage March 2015 HCB

along the Texas Gulf Coast to our portfolio compared to a loss of $19.1m for 2013,
of assets. The combination of Enterprises which was negatively affected by a goodwill
system of midstream assets and Oiltanking impairment loss of $304.5m.
Partners access to waterborne markets and 2014 was a great year for NuStar,
crude oil and petroleum products storage says Brad Barron, president and CEO. We
assets will extend and broaden our midstream were able to achieve our primary goal of
energy services business. covering our full-year distribution for 2014 through a renewed focus on our core, fee-
based pipeline and terminals businesses and
Stolt adds to network by significantly reducing our exposure to financial results reflect strong performance
Stolthaven Terminals has reported operating margin-based operations. across all of our business segments driven by
revenue of $57.9m for the quarter to end recent acquisitions, growth capital projects
November 2014, up from $54.4m in the and improving business opportunities,
previous period. Operating profit rose Midstream looking good particularly increasing demand for storage
from $16.2m to $17.8m. Revenues were Many of the North American midstream services, says Clark C Smith, chairman,
boosted by $3.8m related to the termination operators finished 2014 on a strong note. president and CEO.
of an onerous customer contract in New Sunoco Logistics reported another record Year over year, we realised a full quarter
Zealand, as well as the impact of new quarter, with adjusted EBITDA for the final benefit from the terminals acquired from
capacity coming onstream in Singapore. three months of the year of $237m, up from Hess as well as a meaningful contribution
Over the period Stolthaven added 50,100 $210m a year ago. Its terminal operations for the first full quarter from the Buckeye
m3 of new capacity, including 10,800 m3 in contributed most to the improvement, with Texas Partners assets in Corpus Christi. We
Houston, expanding global capacity by 3.3 EBITDA up from $62m in fourth quarter also enjoyed a full quarter contribution from
per cent. Utilisation was up slightly at 87.6 2013 to $102m last time. Sunoco Logistics new growth capital investments, including
per cent but Stolthaven is still experiencing says this was due to both higher volumes and the crude oil rail and storage projects at our
low demand at its Santos and New Orleans increased margins from recent acquisitions Chicago Complex as well as truck rack and
terminals. Parent company Stolt-Nielsen in the refined products and NGL sectors. For pipeline connection projects at our Perth
notes in its accounts that it spent $177.4m on the full year, group adjusted EBITDA rose by Amboy facility.
capital expenditure in its terminal operations 11.5 per cent to $971m and for the terminals Subsequent to publishing its results,
during 2014. sector was up 48.5 per cent at $346m. Buckeye announced an additional $40m Magellan Midstream Partners reported provision against 2014 EBITDA. The one-off
fourth-quarter net income of $252.1m, up item represents the cost of its offer to a number
NuStar on the up 32.7 per cent on the $190.0m achieved for of airlines relating to a complaint filed with
NuStar Energy has taken full ownership of the same period last year. Magellan closed the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
a refined product terminal in Linden, New out 2014 with a strong quarter, generating alleging excessive charges in Buckeyes supply
Jersey. The 4.3m-bbl (685,000-m3) facility higher financial results from each of our of jet fuel to three airports in the New York
had been operating as a 50/50 joint venture segments compared to the year-ago period, City area. The airlines concerned have not yet
between NuStar and Linden Holding Corp, a increasing annual cash distributions to our accepted Buckeyes offer.
subsidiary of NIC Holding. NuStar has paid investors by 20 per cent and solidifying 2014
$142.5m for the 50 per cent interest, which as a record year for our company, says CEO
is projected to contribute some $20m of Michael Mears.
incremental EBITDA this year. Demand for Magellans fee-based
NuStar expects to be able to realise transportation and terminals services remains Arc buys off plan
synergies between the Linden facility and solid, and our disciplined, predominantly Arc Logistics Partners, in a joint venture
its adjacent, wholly owned NuTop terminal. fee-based business model should serve us with GE Energy Financial Services, is to
NuTop is much smaller, with only 389,000 well in the current energy environment. acquire Joliet Bulk, Barge & Rail from
bbl of tankage, but does have an eight-bay The marine storage business increased CenterPoint Properties for $216m. The main
truck loading rack, something the Linden its operating margin by $7.7m to $31.3m, assets involved in the deal are a crude oil
facility lacks. enjoying higher average storage rates and a unloading terminal and pipeline in Illinois
NuStar Energy has meanwhile reported one-time boost delivered by one customer that are in the final stages of construction and
revenues of $3.08bn for 2014, down on the buying out its storage contract. due onstream this coming April. The deal
$3.46bn posted in 2013, although the decline Buckeye Partners reported fourth- will not close until construction is finished.
was in product sales, affected by prevailing quarter EBITDA of $223.5m, 25 per cent up The terminal will have a crude oil
price levels. Operating income was $346.9m, on the year-earlier figure. Our fourth quarter unloading capacity of 85,000 bpd, some

tanker shipping
storage March 2015 HCB

300,000 bbl (47,700 m3) of storage capacity Graue secures disposal site facility, which has close to 1.2m m3 of
and a link to a nearby crude oil pipeline. It Petrotank has announced the sale of its tankage, and is expected onstream next year.
already has a three-year terminal services Blexen terminal near Bremerhaven in This contract and associated expansion
agreement lined up with a major oil early January. The 87,000-m3 facility has project is the positive outcome of very
company and has land available for future been acquired by Graue Entsorgungs- und detailed and exciting negotiations between
expansion. Arc Logistics estimates it will Bunkergesellschaft, a specialist waste and two best-in-class parties in the energy
generate EBITDA of $23m to $25m per year. sludge disposal firm, which already operates industry, says Siavash Alishahpour, general oil and water treatment plants on the site. manager of VTTI Fujairah. We were
Gulf opens in Gujarat Graue intends to use the facility to secure able to successfully meet all requirements
Gulf Petrochem has opened the first phase its disposal business over the long term. given to us by a demanding client, which is
of its new bulk liquids storage terminal in Transhipment business will be operated testament to our teams ability to understand
Pipavav, Gujarat, according to local press by the Graue subsidiary, Unabhngige the needs of major global customers and to
reports in India. The 110,000 m3 of tankage Tanklagergesellschaft. present them with practical and commercial
will handle a range of petroleum products, solutions.
chemicals, vegoils, base oils and bitumen. VTTI Energy Partners, meanwhile,
A second phase of construction, which has reported net income of $11.4m from
will add another 140,000 m3 of capacity, is VTTI on a growth kick total revenues of $80.4m for the fourth
due onstream next month. The terminal has VTTI is to construct a new tank farm at its quarter 2014, its first full period since
a berth capable of handling MR tankers and Fujairah terminal, after signing a long-term, its IPO in August last year. The figures
decent road and rail connectivity to north- exclusive storage and rental agreement with are well down on last years equivalents,
western India. a major energy company. The expansion will although the structure of the business is add 430,000 m3 of capacity to the existing very different, and the company notes that

developed by

Fuelvac can be installed in above and below ground storage tanks of any size
HCL storage tank double skinned to
12.5m high, over 2 million litres capacity Fuelvac double skin liner provides two levels
of protection in storage tanks and has been
installed in underground, petrol forecourts and
above ground tanks since 2006.

Fuelvac has seen consistent improvements

Underground storage tank since its development, including improved tensile
fully double skinned
strength of protective resin, new added anchors
for tank elevated areas and a nitrile rubber matt
which is positioned below hatchway for added
liner protection against maintenance activities.

Fuelvac is probably the most environmentally

friendly system on the market and is proven to be
Above ground storage tank a reliable, safe anti-pollution lining system for
floor area and 1m up side storage tanks.
walls are double skinned

Please see our Fuelvac installation process and Hydrochloric Acid project presentation videos on our websites Tel: +44(0)191 543 7166 Email:

edwin lammers
storage March 2015 HCB

the 2014 numbers were consistent with our included in the deal have a combined Bay, Ireland from Phillips 66, a deal first
expectations. operating capacity of 300,750 m3. The vacant announced in August last year. The terminal
Rob Nijst, CEO of VTTI BV, the parent land is in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. The deal, has a capacity of more than 8m bbl (1.27m
sponsor, says: "Our continued strong valued at some $158m, is expected to close m3) and is used to hold part of Irelands
performance in the fourth quarter was before the end of the first quarter. strategic oil stocks.
achieved despite a highly volatile commodity After closing, this transaction will We are pleased to have acquired the
market environment, demonstrating the further solidify Kinder Morgans position as Bantry Bay Terminal, which serves as
stability of our business model and lack of the largest independent terminal operator in a critical commercial link in north-west
direct commodity price exposure. As we North America, says John Schlosser, Kinder Europe for crude and refined products,
stated at the time of the IPO, the profitability Morgan Terminals president. This highly says Jeffrey R Armstrong, CEO of Zenith.
and growth of our business is not dependent strategic acquisition will increase Kinder The terminal's attractive deepwater location
upon future investment in oil production Morgans liquids storage capacity by more enables our customers to take advantage of
and infrastructure in North America or than 2.2m barrels and 115 tanks while adding many trade opportunities, and the terminal
elsewhere, but rather is driven by growing critical dock capacity on the Houston Ship will remain an important part of Ireland's
product demand levels and the regional Channel and in Wilmington. strategic petroleum reserve.
supply and demand energy imbalances that Kinder Morgans terminals business Readers with long memories may recall
we continue to see in the global marketplace. produced fourth quarter earnings of $277m, that the Whiddy Island terminal was the
Our growth strategy remains on track and we up 25 per cent on the same period a year site of the explosion aboard the tanker
continue to look for expansion opportunities; earlier; for 2014 as a whole, earnings were Betelgeuse in January 1979, which killed 50
both internally, from organic sources or up 23 per cent at $979m, ahead of the people.
dropdowns from VTTI BV, and from budgeted target.
external strategic greenfield development Approximately two-thirds of the fourth Le Havre puts out tender again
and brownfield acquisitions. quarter and full year growth in this segment The port of Le Havre has launched a new was organic versus the same periods in call for expressions of interest to develop
2013, with the remainder coming from a chemical storage terminal. Odfjells
KM adds Vopak sites to US acquisitions, says chairman/CEO Richard earlier project has been suspended due to
network D Kinder. The increase in fourth quarter the uncertain economic outlook and doubts
Vopak has agreed to sell three existing earnings was driven by strong performance about the prospects for the French and
terminals and a plot of land in the US to at our liquids terminals, reflecting strong European petrochemical industry, although
Kinder Morgan. The move is part of Vopaks performance at our Gulf liquids facilities, Odfjell says it is looking at Le Havre as an
strategy, defined last year, to divest 15 smaller recent expansions at BOSTCO, Deepwater interesting long-term opportunity.
terminals. The facilities involved in the and Edmonton, plus the acquisitions of our The Port Authority (GPMH) says
deal are the Galena Park terminal in Texas, Jones Act tankers. the terminal is needed to support the
adjacent to a Kinder Morgan terminal, and development of the industrial axis along the
the North Wilmington and South Wilmington Seine and the meet the logistics requirements
terminals in North Carolina. The 50,000- Bantry Bay sale closes of the chemical sector. It expects the facility
m3 South Wilmington terminal was idled Zenith Energy has completed the acquisition to occupy a 30-ha site along the Grand Canal
in October 2013; the other two facilities of the Whiddy Island oil terminal in Bantry du Havre.

Brokering for storage

Rotterdam-based RVB Shipbrokers has
set up a new business, RVB Tank Storage
Solutions, to offer a brokerage service
to those looking for bulk liquids storage
capacity. The business is being headed
by Krien van Beek, who has 25 years of
experience in shipping, trading and storage
and has worked as a terminal manager in
the Netherlands. RVB will offer spot and
long-term storage, tender management and
reviews of existing bulk storage strategies.

chemical distribution

ZERO VOC Mobile Degassing Services


VOC REDUCTION OF > 99,9 % during
Vessel/Barge VRU/VPS* Visit us at stand J12
loading & temporary STOCEXPO ROTTERDAM
unloading replacement 17 19 March 2015
*Vapor Processing System

Our MVI* Refinery

24/7 Residual Decommis-
Responsiveness Tank/Pipeline
Product sioning
+ maintenance
Autonomy Removal
Safety Shutdown
*Mobile Vapor Incinerators ENDEGS GmbH Germany ENDEGS France S.A.R.L. ENDEGS B.V. Benelux
Marie-Curie-Str. 6 12 avenue des Saules Nijverheidsweg 2
D - 85055 Ingolstadt F - 69600 Oullins NL - 3251 LP Stellendam
Tel: (D) +49 841 90 14 130 Tel: (F) +33 6 21 13 41 42 Tel: (NL) +31 6 42 49 74 87
PROFILE March 2015 HCB
Kai Sievers

How did you start in the business?
In my responsibility as operations manager,
I faced new emissions legislation and had to

find a way to comply. There was actually no
off-the-shelf solution available, hence the
technical and safe robust ENDEGS concept
was born. A business plan was developed
and put into action for our ENDEGS concept
that would deliver measurable and traceable

What is your current business?

ENDEGS is pioneer and degassing specialist
in mobile combustion services for VOC and
HAP off-gas in Europe. We are able to prove
that our certified degassing systems achieve
a reduction in emissions of at least 99.9 per
cent. Our systems are mainly used during
maintenance activities, loading/unloading
applications or as temporary replacement of
VRU or VPS (vapour processing systems)
and even for customised solutions in refinery,
tank storage, port and pipeline applications.
ENDEGS specialises in turnkey degassing
projects that include expert safety advice
about our deliverables and their impact on
our clients processes.
ENDEGS has successfully carried out
degassing projects for many facilities in
Europe that store products like ammonia,
butadiene, styrene, n-hexane, crude oil,
slops, gasoline, meta-xylene, naphtha,
ETBE, MTBE, ethanol, benzene, and so on.
Since 2007, ENDEGS has degassed process
equipment and storage objects in refineries,
tank farms and ports in ten European countries.

Where are you based?

We are based in Ingolstadt in Bavaria, where
our headquarters and development centre
are located. In Stellendam, The Netherlands,
Name: Kai Sievers next to Europoort Rotterdam, you will find
Job title: General manager, founder and owner of ENDEGS Europe our technical support center and Benelux and
Nordics business unit, while in Feyzin, near
Background: Kai designs and develops high quality thermal oxidation systems specially
Lyon, France we have our Mediterranean
intended for VOC and some HAP (Hazardous Air Products) as well as new procedures for
mobile degassing. He has experience of 20 years in gas emissions. business unit.
Kais career started in 1985 as a production engineer for Siemens group companies, before
he moved in 1995 to become operations manager and legal authority for an international What makes you different from
pipeline operation and associated tank farm in Germany. He founded ENDEGS GmbH in your competitors?
2007. ENDEGS develops, produces and maintains
Kai is a licensed mechanical engineer and has a Masters in Business Administration (MBA). its own equipment. The combined wide
knowledge about degassing technologies,

HCB March 2015 PROFILE
Kai Sievers

together with our experience within many cheap solutions from outside. Dealing
different applications, is permanently with toxic and explosive gases is for sure a Company timeline
incorporated into the overall design of real safety issue. Quality is not only due to 2013
our mobile incinerators. ENDEGS mobile the equipment or staff or any other single ENDEGS develops and performs new
vapour combustors offer the latest state issue but needs to be embedded within the applications:
of the art in VOC and odour destruction company, its processes and equipment design - degassing of marine vessels >160,000
technology, always with a focus on as a comprehensive topic. Thats where we dwt and river tankers
increasing safety and guaranteeing clients make the difference. - degassing while stripping with steam
uninterrupted production. - operation during refinery shutdown
Establishment of ENDEGS BV
How do you see industry changing
What do you do to relax? over the next ten years? 2012
Well to be fair, if you are passionate about Regulation and laws will be harmonised Establishment of ENDEGS SARL
what you are doing there is often not so Europe-wide. Countries tend to internalise
much time to relax as a family. Travelling external costs. As the sheer number of 2010
businesswise around Europe, you see and people living close to industrial zones will ENDEGS develops and introduces new
find many nice and exciting places where increase, before it reduces around 2050, the procedures:
I sail, hike and make bicycling tours with impact on the direct neighbourhood around degassing of ammonia tanks, n-hexane
tanks and butadiene tanks
my family. Actually, as a family we found a our clients will increasingly become more
degassing pipelines longer than 110 km
place in the Mediterranean region where we important. Legislation often changes faster
temporary replacement of VRU (trucks
enjoy relaxing. than technology can deliver, but in this case and wagon loadings) & VPS
we can deliver now and in the future.
What keeps you going? What 2008
drives you in the business? Do you have any advice for those ENDEGS sets off new standards for:
It is amazing to see ENDEGS growth. It is starting out in industry? introduction of emission free-procedure
satisfying to see that we can add value to the Be aware of simplification. Degassing by for automatic tank cleaning using
environmentally important issues and that proper incineration technology is a science nitrogen
implementation of degassing suction
we can increase safety at our clients sites and not a routine procedure.
trucks and mobile tanks
and for those who live close to those sites. degassing of containers ranging from 10
What do you like about HCB? to 110,000 m
What do you see as the challenges I like to read it because it gives a bright
facing the industry? view of our industry. It allows us readers 2007
The challenge for the next period will be to get new insights and read about other Foundation of ENDEGS GmbH
to keep overall quality high in the face of professionals.

Star products
ENDEGS mobile vapour incinerators are
adaptable to various applications and
products. They offer:
no visual flame
no odour or smoke
no ground-level radiation
low noise
minimal installation work on site
a smaller footprint
no impact on the neighbourhood
no clean-up after the jon
full complement of safety equipment.
ENDEGS fleet of vapour combustion units
offers >99.9% destruction of harmful


KEYNOTE SPEAKER ILTAs 2015 program offers

MIKE ERUZIONE something for everyone!
Captain of the 1980 U.S. Olympic Hockey Team Focused presentations cover the
latest in business, compliance and
Going for the Gold terminal operations issues.
Mike Eruzione served as captain of the 1980 United States Olympic Hockey Team CONFER ENCE SESSIONS INCLUDE:
during the winter Olympic games in Lake Placid, NY. It was his game-winning goal
against the Soviet Union that advanced his team to the final game where it beat Terminal Capacity Forecasts and the Exportation
Finland and won the gold medal. Drawing from his Olympic experience, Eruzione of U.S. Shale Petroleum Products
will share how to overcome obstacles and go for the gold.
Managing Air Permitting Challenges in
Terminal Expansions

API Recommended Practices 1595 and 1640

for Maintaining Fuel Quality

Complying with Federal Railroad Administration

Inspection Requirements for Rail Cars

Best Practices for Dock Safety

Communicating Effectively at Public Meetings

PLUS! 10 conference presentations

will be conducted in Spanish

J UN E 1 -3 2015
35 T H A N N UA L



HCB March 2015 storage

What is the Blue Ridge Southern Railroad in North

Carolina, formerly owned by Norfolk

Watco now owns 31 shortline railroads
operating on more than 4,400 miles (7,080
km) of line. It also has 28 industrial contract
switching operations and, prior to the latest
deal with Kinder Morgan, had 25 terminals,
nine warehouses and two port locations.

Services for energy

Watco is well placed to benefit from the
ongoing development of shale oil and gas
resources and the new demands that is
placing on transport and handling facilities.
Healthy collaboration This past October it started work on the
investment A new Watcos relationship with Kinder Morgan South Heart Rail Terminal (SHRT) in
name is emerging in the US goes back to December 2010, when Kinder North Dakota, in a joint venture with Great
Morgan Energy Partners arranged to invest Northern Project Development. SHRT is
liquids supply chain. But Watco up to $150m in Watco in exchange for a designed to serve the energy industry in the
Companies has been around preferred equity position in the company. Bakken area as well as the Three Forks and
a while and its relationship An initial $50m investment in January 2011 Tyler formations and other emerging shale
provided capital for Watco to expand some plays. It will offer maintenance and repair
with Kinder Morgan places it specific terminal projects. Seen in this light, services as well as warehousing and storage
at the centre of the developing the transfer of 31 of Kinder Morgans smaller for materials. It will receive and transload
facilities is part of a longer-term strategy to dry bulk commodities such as frac sand and
logistics sector align transport and storage assets in a number cement, as well as oilfield equipment, piping
of commodity markets. and road materials.
This past January 22 Watco Companies Indeed, Kinder Morgans terminals provide Last year Watco also announced a merger
announced it had reached an agreement only a portion of group sales. Earnings from of its railcar repair network with that of
with Kinder Morgan Terminals (KMT) its terminals division which includes coal the Greenbrier Companies, forming the
to purchase 31 terminals across the US. terminals and other facilities as well as sites largest independent railcar repair group in
The facilities, which will be operated by handling liquid bulks came in at $979m North America, GBW Railcar Services.
Watco Terminal and Port Services (WTPS), out of a total of $7.54bn in 2014; its natural In particular, the partners are targeting the
include 14 traditional rail-to-truck transload gas pipeline ($4.07bn) and carbon dioxide servicing, recertification and retrofitting of
and switching facilities, 13 sites on inland ($1.46bn) segments were the major part of the North Americas rail tank car fleet. At the
waterways that serve bulk and breakbulk overall business, and the products pipelines time of the announcement, Watco said that
customers, three sites with deepwater access segment also contributed $860m. federally mandated tank car recertifications
and one inland river tank farm. Similarly, Watco Companies is primarily a were running at around 22,000 per year and
The deal, due to close this quarter, is railroad operator. The company was founded were expected to increase by 25 per cent in
being done on the basis of an equity interest in 1983 Dick Webb when he acquired an 2015.
exchange. industrial switching operation in DeRidder, Since the new deal with Kinder Morgan
The Watco team is excited to expand Louisiana. In 1985 Webb opened a railcar was struck, Watco has been busy restructuring
our outstanding relationship with KMT repair shop in Coffeyville, Kansas, winning a its operations and marketing activities and
and to position operations in a manner that contract to repair railcars handling coal from is planning to expand its service offering at
best benefits our mutual customers, Watco the Wyoming coalfields. its existing and new sites. Will Patterson has
president Rick Baden said at the time of the In the early 1990s, Watco began expanding been appointed as senior vice-president at
announcement. This is an expansion of into railroad operations, buying up a string of WTPS with a brief to create continued organic
Watco services that will bring several great shortline companies. Its first acquisition was revenue growth across the expanded terminal
connections between terminals, ports and a line from Nevada, Missouri to Coffeyville, network. Patterson joined Watco in 2012 after
railroads. We think this has strong growth which Watco bought from Union Pacific. leaving Kinder Morgan and is familiar with
opportunities for each of these locations, their Watco has continued to add to its shortline the acquired sites.
customers and the communities they serve. portfolio ever since, most recently buying


fourth quarter has helped
was commissioned at Vlaardingen and facility that opened in 2013. However, lower
Vopak recover its financial Europoort in the Netherlands, and Caojing, occupancy in Sweden and the continuing
results more quickly than Zhangjiagang and Lanshan in China. The first difficult business environment in Estonia
planned. It has been helped two phases of the new Pengerang terminal in led to a fall in EBITDA. The EMEA result
Malaysia were completed and the first phase was also hit by exceptional losses related
too by the early fruits of its of the Banyan cavern project in Singapore to the cancellation of the Turkey project
2014 corporate review started operations. In addition, SabTank added and impairment of the Swedish operation.
150,000 m3 of chemicals storage capacity in This led to a 27 per cent fall in EBITDA to
Saudi Arabia, the two Canterm facilities in 98.4m.
Royal Vopak has reported revenues of Canada were acquired, and Vopak bought a The Asia division was affected most by
1.32bn for 2014, a 2 per cent improvement 30 per cent interest in the 890,000-m3 Haiteng recent capacity developments, with revenues
on the 2013 figure of 1.30bn. Excluding terminal in China. up 3 per cent at 370.1m and EBITDA
exceptional items, EBITDA was up 1 per Vopak currently has 6.2m m3 of new down 3 per cent at 279.6m. New capacity
cent at 762.8m, although an impairment tankage in various stages of development, came onstream in Singapore and Vopak says
charge held net profit back, falling 6 per cent for completion by 2019; it has also identified it enjoyed higher throughput at its Sydney
to 294.2m. 0.3m m3 for disposal following last years facility in Australia. On the other hand,
Eelco Hoekstra, CEO and chairman of business review. Indeed, subsequent to the business was quieter at the Zhangjiagang
the executive board, describes the results year end Vopak has sold its three terminals terminal in China and it took an impairment
as solid, saying: The year remained in the US, as well as a plot of land in New charge on the Dongguan terminal, also in
challenging with additional storage capacity Jersey and another in Turkey. China, as the facility faces a timing effect
added by competitors in specific product- Vopak says that, over the course of 2014, due to delays in industrial development in
market combinations and continued its share of the global independent tank the area.
geopolitical uncertainty. However, in Q4 storage market increased from 10.5 to 11.1 Revenues from the Americas division
we noticed a continuation of some positive per cent. were up 3 per cent at 246.6m and EBITDA
developments such as short-term business rose 6 per cent to 93.4m, reflecting capacity
opportunities related to the developments in Regional review additions in Venezuela and Brazil, the
oil prices and favourable foreign exchange The performance of Vopaks Netherlands acquisition of the Canadian operation and
rate movements compared to our initial division stabilised last year after a period of improved performance in Los Angeles.
estimates made during the first half of the decline. Revenues held steady and EBITDA Vopak says it expects regional differences
year 2014. improved by 3 per cent to 247.7m. Vopak to increase in the near term. In Europe,
says the local tank storage market remains we expect a stable economy with limited
Bigger network highly competitive, leading to pressure on growth and a continuing competitive
In 2014, the storage market showed a rates, with the biofuels sector weak. However, market environment in certain product-
steady performance for chemicals across the the fuel oil, fuel ethanol and chemicals sectors market combinations. For the Americas,
regions, a solid performance for industrial were stable and a developing contango in we see positive market developments and
terminals and LNG, a mixed performance for some petroleum products during the second opportunities in the US Gulf Coast area
biofuels and vegetable oils, and an improved half of the year raised the opportunity to and a competitive landscape in some Latin
performance for oil products in the second rent out capacity on a spot basis. As a result, American countries. In Asia and the Middle
half of 2014, the company says. occupancy hit 87 per cent, up from 83 per East, we foresee a continuing demand for
During the course of 2014, Vopak added cent in 2013. our storage services throughout our terminal
a net total of 3.3m m3 of storage capacity, Revenues improved by 4 per cent in the network, resulting in interesting opportunities
taking its worldwide network to 33.8m Europe, Middle East and Africa division, to further expand our footprint.
m3 at the end of the year. New capacity with better returns from the Algeciras


17 - 19 March 2015 - ahOY, rOtterdaM

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for the tank terminal industry

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17 - 19 March 2015 - ahOY, rOtterdaM
Europes leading international event
for the tank terminal industry

17 - 19 March 2015 - ahOY, rOtterdaM

Europes leading international event
for the tank terminal industry

Register If youre active in the

tank industry, it is a must to

participate at StocExpo.
For meeting new people and
to find out new technologies
its an excellent opportunity.
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was supplied in 200-metre bulk rolls, called

off in 16 staggered deliveries to match the
progress of the work by contractor Trent
Construction. An installation rate of 800 m2
per day was achieved, using a six-man crew.

The contractor found that when adverse
weather prevented work on refurbishment of
the bunds themselves, its crew could switch

and dry
to lining the sections it had already finished
refurbishing, so reducing the overall delay
due to bad weather. They also found that
Concrete Canvas could cope with 90-degree
turns, pipe protrusions through bund walls
and terminations at buttress walls.
Each bulk roll of CC5 was positioned
sustainability is so important, Concrete at the top of the bund and unrolled to the
BUNDING The idea of a Canvas points out that it is a comparatively required length on either side; it was then
geosynthetic cementitous low-mass, low-carbon technology, using up cut to length using utility knives. Subsequent
to 95 per cent less material than conventional layers were applied in the same way,
composite mat is not exactly concrete in many applications; up to 200 m2 positioned so as to overlap the previous
intuitive. But call it Concrete can be delivered on a single pallet, enough to layer by 100 mm. Once each section was
Canvas and you get a better replace two full mixer trucks. completed, the Concrete Canvas was hydrated
As to performance, Concrete Canvas says using a fire hose from the nearby water main.
idea of what it is and what the product prevents surface erosion due to Before it hardened, each edge was folded
it can offer to the storage weathering, has better abrasion resistance than back and a sealant was applied; the edges
traditional methods, is easy to conform to were then unfolded and secured by 30-mm
industry the organic profile of the substrate, acts as an screws. The sealant creates an impermeable
effective weed inhibitor, and has a minimum joint while the screws provide the mechanical
Concrete Canvas is described by its owners design life of 50 years when installed bond between the overlapped layers. Within
as part of a revolutionary new class of correctly. Finally, it tends to green over, 24 hours, the lining had set sufficiently to
construction materials. Put simply, it is a with moss growing on the fibrous top surface, allow traffic to pass over it as work continued
flexible, concrete-impregnated fabric that helping it to blend in with its surroundings. on installing kerbs and drainage ditches on the
hardens when water is added and forms a Concrete Canvas is supplied in three inside of the bund.
thin, durable and water-resistant concrete different grades, with thicknesses of 5 mm
layer. (CC5). 8 mm (CC8) and 13 mm (CC13); Different applications
Essentially, its concrete on a roll, all three grades can be used to line bunds, Since then Concrete Canvas has notched up
explains Concrete Canvas Ltd, the UK-based depending on the level of traffic expected. a series of further successes. In October 2013
company that is now promoting the idea to CC8 is also used to line drainage channels it was specified as the surfacing material for
the global tank storage industry for use in in and around refineries as a cost-effective 60-metre high cuttings around the Queensland
erosion-control applications such as bund alternative to half-cut clay or concrete pipes. Curtis LNG plant in Australia, the worlds
lining, ditch lining, slope protection and the first liquefaction plant converting coal-seam
lining of tertiary containment lagoons. Proving the concept gas into LNG. Concrete Canvas was specified
On the face of it, Concrete Canvas has So much for the theory, how does Concrete over conventional lining solutions such as
plenty going for it. It is, for instance, easy Canvas work in practice? The company reports shotcrete or reinforced concrete on the basis
and quick to install. The company says it can on a number of successful installations in the of cost and time considerations, while it also
be laid at a rate of 200 m2 per hour, up to past few years. Back in 2012 it was called in to offered additional benefits in terms of getting
ten times faster than conventional concrete line refurbished secondary containment bunds the material to the site.
application methods. It can be installed in wet at a marine storage terminal in the UK; the The lining was needed to protect the newly
weather conditions, and is ready to go in just bunds surrounded a series of tank farms used to cut batters from erosion by wind and long-
two hours after hydration. It is supplied in store hydrocarbons. term environmental damage, which could
easy-to-handle rolls that are man-portable, Work started in October 2012 and was cause a slip. Bulk rolls of CC5 and CC8
making it easier to apply in situations with completed the following July. It involved were delivered to the site and mounted on a
limited access. And, in todays world where application of 25,500 m2 of CC5, which spreader beam before being cut to length. The


pieces were then lifted into place on the slope

using an excavator and fixed to the substrate
using deck spikes before being hydrated. In
this job, a total of 15,730 m2 of CC5 and CC8
was applied.
A similar job was undertaken last
year in Sakhalin, a remote island in the excavator and cleared of vegetation. A zoom a bridge at a water injection site at an oil
Russian Far East that is also the site of boom and spreader bar were used to lift the and gas field in southern Iraq. Erosion was
LNG developments. CC8 was used to line CC8 bulk rolls and manoeuvre them into occurring due to environmental weathering,
a drainage ditch at the Chayvo Onshore position; sections were cut to length and predominantly by rain, that was causing
Processing Facility; the ditch was located applied in the same fashion as before. surface slip and threatening to destabilise the
in front of living quarters and there was a The installation was considered a huge embankment. A low-cost and rapid solution
danger that an unlined ditch could lead to success, Concrete Canvas says. Not only was needed; installation of a concrete slab
erosion undermining the quarters and the could the work be completed in a single and was seen as more expensive and time-
nearby road. short summer season, but it also avoided the consuming.
Not surprisingly, the weather in very high cost of obtaining pourable concrete, The contractor, Fiafi Group, levelled
Sakhalin makes it very difficult to carry out put at up to $2,750 per m3. and compacted the surface and then applied
engineering work; Concrete Canvas offered lengths of CC8, which were overlapped,
not only the promise that the job could be Quicker than pouring pegged down, sealed and secured with
done in time, but also that it could be applied In May 2014 Concrete Canvas was also screws, as in the other applications. A bowser
using the limited resources available. chosen as a means of providing erosion was used to supply water for the hydration
The ditch was re-graded using an control for a supporting embankment under process.

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Concrete Canvas is proud of the fact that

Fiafi managed to lay 2,000 m2 of CC8 in
just two days, with a team of eight people,
including supervisors. Traditional solutions
would have taken up to seven days, it says.
Furthermore, the crew was working in
temperatures of up to 40C and in 95 per
cent humidity.
A more recent job involved the lining
of an extinguishing lake in Germany. The
original poured concrete structure had
cracked and spalled, resulting in excessive
water loss. The owner had considered
removing the existing basin and rebuilding under the lining. taken at least a month to complete.
it using poured concrete and form work, but Installation of 900 m2 of CC5 took Concrete Canvas has been around for
this would have taken a long time and put five workers just four days, despite some only a few years, yet it is already being used
the basin out of operation for an extended inclement weather. The client was very by most of the top ten oil and gas companies
period. impressed with the result and has since in the world. The company will be exhibiting
Instead, contractor Bau-Konzept used instigated a bund lining trial and is planning at StocExpo this month and at FPS Expo in
CC5 to line the existing structure, after first to line another 6,000-m2 extinguishing the UK in April; visitors should stop by and
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The Dubai do organise in the tank storage sector so the

team work through the year on it. And
what makes the congress unique is that it is
created by an Advisory Board of industry
to changing markets and product flows, so experts including representatives from
preview With Tank World this oil price development is just another Saudi Aramco, DP World, ENOC and C

Expo 2015 fast approaching, example of how quickly the business Fujairah Port, who have identified a number

environment can change for terminal of key trends, opportunities and challenges
Tank World News editor operators and illustrates the need to have for the industry that they wished to see Y

Luke Upton, a member of a meeting place and talking shop for the addressed. The format and content of the CM

exchange of ideas, to help ensure that critical event is, as a result, based on the needs and
the Advisory Board that

oil supply infrastructure can keep pace with requirements of the industry.

helps shape the event, offers changes. Alex continues: For 2015 weve
developed a higher-level, more strategically CMY

HCB readers an insiders Whats new focused Congress with C-level speakers K

Tank World Expo is a show with a truly with a greater global focus. Though of
preview of this years show global perspective, having assembled a course none of this strategic insight would
and its global perspective host of global expert speakers. There will be available without the technology that
be plenty of representation from storage makes it all work! So in addition to the
on a changing industry facilities, terminals and ports in the UAE and Congress, Tank World has a wide array
other countries in the region - Saudi Arabia, of on-floor Innovation Zone presentations
Oman, Iraq, Egypt, Jordan and Turkey, focusing on key aspects of tank storage
for example, but also speakers from the best practice. Topics include optimisation,
Now in its third year, Tank World Expo will Netherlands, Nigeria, Spain and India plus automation, safety, integration, inspection
see industry experts from across the world exhibitors from around the world. All are and environmental protection. These have
assemble in Dubai this coming April 13 and now preparing to visit Dubai for two days always proved popular with both suppliers
14 for what is set to be the biggest storage of expert insight, practical case studies, in- and end users so will again form a big part of
event ever to take place in the region. The depth discussion, technology launches and the event.
organisers expect more than 2,500 visitors to networking. In addition to the Congress and
the Dubai World Trade Centre. The 2014 event was a success in terms Innovation Zone presentations, the Expo
A major change since last years event of both exhibitor and visitor numbers will feature more than 100 cutting-
has been the rapid and drastic fall in the (HCB Monthly May 2014, page 60), but edge companies displaying the latest
price of oil, which has dropped by around the organisers have taken the event a step technologies, solutions and innovations for
half in recent months. This presents a further this year, as Alex Williamson, the industry. Key sellers who exhibit at the
number of challenges and opportunities for managing director and founder of Tank show include: engineering & construction
the storage industry and will be high on the World Expo, explains: Every year we companies, automation solution providers,
agenda among discussion topics. review, amend and aim to improve the tank manufactures and safety companies,
Tank World Expo was created in response event. This is the only event that we cleaning and maintenance experts, fire

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2014 69

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THE ONLY International Conference on Industrial Packaging

June 3-5, 2015

Hyatt Regency Vancouver
Vancouver, BC Canada
The 15th International Conference on Industrial Packaging is a global event that will bring together industry leaders
from around the world. Hear about the latest trends impacting the industrial packaging industry today and identify
issues that are going to be of vital importance tomorrow. Container reconditioners, manufacturers, distributors and
industry suppliers will all be in Vancouver, B.C. for three days of meetings and social events. Dont miss it!
For additional information, go to or
HCB March 2015 storage

protection companies, training providers

and much more.
The Expo will be significantly bigger
again with around 100 exhibitors from
across the industry, compared to 50 in 2014
and 30 in our launch year, 2013. In addition
to support from the UAE Ministry of Energy,
the event is sponsored by industry leaders
Emerson, Endress+Hauser and Colfax plus
a host of partners and supporters, Alex
continues. And whats interesting is that
we are seeing a greater variety of companies
getting involved with the event as well,
ENOC, Saudi Aramco and DP World are some of the representatives on the congress Advisory Board
from all through the supply chain, as well
as increasing representation from African
and Asian firms. Plus, weve launched our operators can only benefit from market strong levels of interest in storage in Africa
Terminal & Ports Zone, which will have developments. Considering that the that we are seeing now are the natural
some of the biggest and newest facilities tank terminal market has been depressed, reaction of international capital and expertise
from across from around the world joining especially in Europe, I would expect that in to this gap thus caused in the market.
the Expo. this region the biggest gains in profitability to With the event taking place in Dubai,
occur. However, when considering investing within a region at the heart of the global
Global and local in tank terminal assets, always do a proper storage industry, leaders from across the
Low oil prices are having an impact analysis in order to try to assess if the future is Middle East are attending as speakers,
throughout the supply chain, with many likely to bring what you are aiming for. attendees and exhibitors. One of the many
producers now facing a tough period. Tank World Expo offers a global event partners is DP World and Mohammed
Storage terminal operators, on the other perspective on the industry and, given Al Muallem, the groups senior vice-
hand, are seeing something of a recovery in the growing importance of Africa within president and managing director, spoke
their business environment, with global oil the storage sector, Dipo Salimonu, CEO about the challenges faced by a modern port:
traders putting crude oil into storage both of Moteriba Terminals & Logistics, has One of the main challenges is the increasing
onshore and, increasingly, at sea, pending the been confirmed as a speaker within the vessel size. We are well placed to invest
anticipated upturn in global prices later this CEO Executive Summit. We asked him for today to meet the long-term needs of our
year or in 2016. his thoughts on some of the key changes customers. This includes facilities to handle
Low oil prices are also putting into that have driven growth on the continent: larger ships that cascade down to more
doubt a lot of oil production projects in The sharp increase in population and minor routes as the next generation of ultra-
high-cost plays. To gauge the impact of this, economic growth levels in Africa and large container ships (ULCSs) feature on
we asked some of the leading speakers at the corresponding acute rise in levels of major routes. Our investments are focused
Tank World Expo for their thoughts on the consumption of petroleum products have on ensuring that we have the right capacity
current situation and how it might change far outstripped the levels of investment and the right services to meet our customers
over the coming year. Patrick Kulsen, in storage, creating a shortage of required needs today and tomorrow to speed up our
managing director of PJK International, infrastructure, he said. customers supply chains and bring goods
will speak during the keynote session on the Historically the international oil more swiftly to market.
opening morning of the event. He expressed companies were the major suppliers and
confidence in the North American market: marketers of products into these markets and The third Tank World Expo returns to the
US oil refining and petchem fundamentals could undertake a lot of the infrastructure World Trade Centre on April 13 and 14;
are favourable relative to other regions. investment needed. In the past two decades, registration is now open. Visitor passes to
Therefore output will continue to be strong however, many local companies in countries the exhibition and technology seminars are
and a part of this output will be exported. across Africa have entered the trade. Though free. HCB readers are entitled to a 20%
Tank terminals are needed for this. However, welcome, this trend has placed a lot of discount (a saving of 479) on passes to the
the recent slide in oil prices is testing how trading activity into the hands of companies Senior Level Congress. Quote #HCB20 on
durable and resilient the LTO (Light Tight that lack the balance sheets or technical booking to activate the discount. For more
Oil) revolution is. Time will tell! expertise to execute tank storage projects on the event visit
Indeed, Kulsen feels that terminal of sufficient scale and sophistication. The or call +44 (0) 20 7045 0900.

chemical distribution March 2015 HCB


A piece of history
Klinge Corporation has just celebrated its 30th Corp to establish a project management
REFRIGERATION anniversary. It was founded to manufacture department for the companys increasing
Klinge Corp is one of the specialised transport equipment, including number of multi-year government contracts.
tank container refrigeration units and the Allan now serves as vice-president and sales
biggest names in reefer first ever line of dual-refrigeration units manager.
container technology and is specifically for the handling of dangerous
chemicals. Into the cold
still adding to its portfolio of But the Klinge name goes back twice as Over the years Klinge Corp has developed its
far; Paul Klinge established Paul Klinge A/S range of highly specialised refrigeration units
equipment. But its origins go in the 1940s in Denmark and had a lot of for transport applications. Its client industries
a long way back and off into operations in different fields. Paul Klinges include:
various ventures brought him honours, offshore oil and gas, for which it supplies
other industry sectors including the Danfoss Prize to recognise his ATEX-certified explosion-proof reefer
significant business contribution and King containers;
Frederik IXs Recognition Prize for his chemical manufacturing, where it still
meaningful contributions to Danish exports. supplies dual-refrigeration units as well as
Paul Klinge first got involved in the blast or deep storage freezers;
reefer container sector in the 1970s when pharmaceutical manufacturing, which has a
it was appointed worldwide agent for York similar set of requirements;
Refrigeration. Pauls son Henrik joined the seafood and meat processing, which requires
company around this time and, with Paul blast and deep storage freezers;
Klinge A/S taking over production of York government agencies and aid organisations,
machinery and moving most of the standard which use reefer containers to move potable
equipment production to Denmark under the water and other emergency provisions;
Klinge Cool brand, Henrik established Klinge polar research facilities, which need to move
Corp in 1984 as a spin-off of the transport ice cores using dual-refrigeration units; and
refrigeration division of York Refrigerants. military forces, to which it supplies reefer
The family tree was extended in 2007 with containers built to specific standards.
Henrik's son Allan Klinge joining Klinge The dual-refrigeration concept,

tanks March 2015 HCB

which offers failsafe operation using two evaporator and condenser coils will be used as quarter of this year. Klinge says this will
independent systems, in fact dates back to well as an option for remote monitoring of the provide between 40 and 50 per cent more
before the foundation of Klinge Corp. It was equipment via satellite, GSM or a direct cable cooling capacity from the same size of side-
designed specifically to meet the requirements link to the control box. mounted unit. This will allow users to fit the
for the transport of Division 5.2 organic The dual-refrigeration system will also units to their tank containers easily; the new
peroxides under the International Maritime feature new ATEX Zone 1-rated evaporator model will also have a smaller front-mounted
Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code; such motors for increased safety in the cargo area control unit.
substances must be carried under temperature and also have an option for increased heating In the event that tank containers are to be
control in order to prevent auto-ignition. capacity. used to carry Division 4.1 or 5.2 substances
The International Maritime Organisation Our customers have been using the that require dual refrigeration systems, a side-
(IMO) later extended the requirement to self- NMR-262 system for close to three decades mounted TCR-109/110 unit can be coupled
reactive and flammable solids of Division 4.1. because of its reliability and its compliance with an extra-high capacity front-mounted
Dual mechanical refrigeration systems are with international transport regulations for the dual TCR-262 model, providing effective
seen as meeting the requirements, providing transport of certain dangerous goods, says redundancy. These dual systems have two
that: company president Henrik Klinge. independent microprocessor thermostats that
the two systems are independent of each control and monitor the cargo temperature.
other; Control for tanks The TCR-262 model is also available with
e ach system on its own is capable of Temperature control for tank containers is an integral generator set for back-up power
maintaining adequate temperature control; a different matter altogether. Klinge Corp supply.
and produces glycol-based heating and cooling
e xplosion-proof electrical fittings are systems for such units, with particular effort Latest in line
used within the coolant compartment to made to keep the units as small as possible. Klinge Corps most recent developments
prevent ignition of flammable vapours from Allan Klinge explains why: The small address transport refrigeration units certified
substances that have a flashpoint less than design allows our customers to transport the as compliant with the EUs ATEX Directive,
5C above the emergency temperature. maximum amount of cargo, while providing 94/9/EC. This stipulates that organisations
the amount of capacity necessary to maintain must protect employees from explosion risk in
Dual control the required temperature. potentially explosive atmospheres, such as in
The dual-refrigeration concept has been Our control box is front-mounted for easy chemical manufacturing facilities, oil rigs, oil
developed further over the years; the current access by the user or the steamship line. This tankers, and so on.
NMR-262 model has two full capacity reefer is a major benefit for our customers, he adds. Klinge Corp currently offers explosion-
units with automatic switchover. The latest Klinges standard model, TCR-109, is proof refrigerated containers for Zone 1 and 2
development features two independent motor side-mounted and is used by companies hazardous areas and plans to introduce ATEX
housings, rather than the current dual-wound worldwide to transport hazardous and non- Zone 2 tank container refrigeration equipment
motor, as well as additional security measures hazardous chemicals, pharmaceuticals,food in both single and dual system versions in the
for locking out unauthorised users and products and beverages. The control box is third quarter of 2015. As required, all of these
preventing access to the control box without front-mounted for easy access by operators. units are also certified to CE requirements for
the necessary tools. The next generation, the TCR-110, is due equipment.
In addition, new higher-efficiency to be launched onto the market in the third


chemical distribution


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To me it was the first trip of this

kind and definitely gave me a better
understanding of the complexity of this part
of the process. I was kind of amazed how
such a small office is able to manage such a
big fleet and number of orders coming from
much more customers than Shell only, said
one visitor.

Scores on the doors

All nine of Den Hartoghs locations in
Europe were re-assessed under the Safety and
Quality Assessment System (SQAS) last year
by independent assessors appointed by the
European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic).

All about people

The 2014 assessment resulted in
an average score of 96 per cent; that
represented a significant improvement on
the figure of 86 per cent recorded at the
previous scheduled assessment in 2011.
SAFETY Running a safe communication ahead of the event.
Intense consultation took place at the site,
Den Hartogh says that the 2011 result was
already at a high level, but its team, with
operation is no accident. As with the receiver convinced that unloading its focus on operational excellence and
could be done safely. Despite this pressure, safety performance, was keen to see further
Den Hartogh finds, safety is Popescu was unsure of his own safety. improvement in the companys processes
about getting people to do Eventually, the truck returned to DSM and systems.
without being unloaded. The assessments in 2014 showed a
things the right way. That After consultation between the customer, strong improvement for each of the assessed
approach is paying off in DSM and Den Hartogh Logistics, conditions sites and the Cefic assessors were impressed
were worked out under which unloading by the way processes were embedded
terms of SQAS results could take place at a later date. Naturally, throughout the complete organisation, says
we as DSM/Den Hartogh were not happy Den Hartogh.
Safety is a serious issue and certainly not that it was not possible to unload at that The SQAS assessment system helps
a question of being lucky. But while a time, but safety is the most important factor Den Hartogh Logistics to identify potential
company can put safety procedures in place, and the correct decision was taken, the two weak areas and define ways to improve.
it is up to the people on the ground to make companies state. It is a means for continuous improvement
sure they are applied properly. The need for effective communication and therefore an important element of
That is a lesson that Den Hartogh and is also reflected in Den Hartogh Logistics Responsible Care applied to the logistics
its customer DSM have learned and apply approach to its customers. This past operations, says Den Hartogh. The
throughout their operations. Like Den November it invited a group of ten customer company says that the excellent SQAS
Hartogh, DSM adheres to the philosophy relation coordinators and two transport stores it has achieved prove the validity of its
that all accidents can and must be prevented. coordinators from Shell Chemicals to see safety culture.
But it has been demonstrated that 90 per cent its operations at its Rozenburg site and It notes that Den Hartogh Logistics
of all accidents are caused by human error. familiarise themselves with the equipment implemented a new multi-year safety
To illustrate what they mean, the two used by Den Hartogh to deliver their programme last year, developed together
companies have reported on a potential products. with the safety specialist organisation
incident that was avoided by the drivers The visitors heard how Shells orders are Samurai@Work. The Power of Safe uses
refusal to act unsafely. A small test quantity received and processed, were given a guided the physiological structure of the human
of product was shipped by DSM to a foreign tour of the workshop and were shown the brain as basis for safety culture development.
customer. On arrival, the driver Alexandru range of transport vehicles and equipment Den Hartogh continues to further develop
Popescu was confronted by what he felt was hoses, couplings, on-board computers and and secure the sustainable safety culture all
a situation that conflicted with Den Hartogh valves that are crucial to the safe delivery over the Den Hartogh group, it says.
procedures, possibly because of inadequate of Shell product.

chemical distribution

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start of 2014 provided some uplift, although

revenue growth was limited to 7.9 per cent
and the division finished the year with sales
of 322.0m, which was below expectations.
The expanded cost base also held back
profitability, with EBITDA falling from
4.1m in 2013 to a negative 0.2m.
The introduction of a new structure and

Fleet for purpose

the process optimisation measures which
are already in place have ensured that the
foundations allowing the Rail Logistics
Division to make a positive contribution to
the companys net profit in 2015 have already
SAFETY Political tensions oriented service packages and bundle our
procurement and service activities with the
been laid, says VTG.
Falling rates also hurt VTGs Tank
in Ukraine and the costs of intention of generating significant increases in Container Logistics Division, with turnover
integrating recent acquisitions productivity. slightly down at 150.9m. But, on the back
VTGs Railcar Division successfully of one-off investments, EBITDA improved
have held back financial delivered a number of new wagons to significantly, rising by nearly 40 per cent to
performance at VTG, although its customers and, alongside good cost 12.8m.
management and a slight upturn in fleet The focus for 2015 will be very much on
the company remains positive utilisation to 91.0 per cent, achieved a 3.7 the integration of the AAE rail wagon fleet.
about the outlook for 2015 per cent increase in revenues to 345.4m. AAEs 30,000 units are being combined with
EBITDA was up by 7.3 per cent at 194.4m. VTGs existing 50,000-strong wagon fleet to
Germany-based VTG AG has reported create the largest private wagon hire company
increased revenue and profit for 2014, with Business review in Europe. With the addition of new types
its Railcar Division particularly strong. Group VTGs other operating divisions were not of wagons, mostly from the intermodal
turnover rose by 4.4 per cent to 819.3m and as strong. In particular, the Rail Logistics section, VTG is closing an important gap in
EBITDA was up 4.0 per cent at 191.0m. Division was hampered by the ongoing its product portfolio and will soon be able to
VTG expects further improvement in its figures political tension between Russia and Ukraine, offer a full range of rail services for almost
for 2015 following the acquisition of AAE. which led to a complete halt in traffic in the all shipping and railway companies as well as
We have successfully built upon our region. Import and export flows were also freight carriers, VTG says.
business in 2014 and, in purchasing AAE, badly disrupted, VTG says. Furthermore, In light of these developments VTG is
we have taken a considerable strategic step, its liquid goods segment was affected by forecasting turnover for 2015 of between
says Dr Heiko Fischer, CEO of VTG AG. increased competition. 1.0bn and 1.1bn and EBITDA in the
In the coming months, we will set our focus Nevertheless, the integration of 325m to 350m range.
on integration, develop sector and customer- Kuehne+Nagels rail logistics activities at the

HCB March 2015 tanks

Tank & logistics news leasing companies in the world. Quality Distribution, Quality Carriers
The combined container fleet will number parent company, has reported revenues of
Exsifs alternative to totes around 2.2m TEU. Bohai and Seaco are $991.8m for 2014, up 7.9 per cent on the
Exsif Worldwide has expanded its tank planning to take the process carefully and say previous years $929.8m. Net income came
container range to include special units for use there will be no immediate changes; Seaco and in at $20.6m, compared to a loss of $42.0m in
at oil production sites in North America, as Cronos will continue to deal directly with their 2013.
an alternative to the use of intermediate bulk respective customers and suppliers. Our Chemical and Intermodal businesses
containers (IBCs). The tanks have a capacity of delivered continued growth during the fourth
up to 6,400 gal (24,200 litres) and can be fitted quarter, which led to solid profitability at
with fixed handrails and fall restraints. Exsif Quality counts the high end of our earnings expectation
says the use of tanks rather than totes reduces Quality Carriers has struck up a partnership range, says Gary Enzor, chairman and CEO.
the risk of on-site spills while also making it with SF Transport Holdings of Kentucky to Chemicals expansion efforts delivered
easier to transfer chemical products between help service one of its existing clients. Family- strong results as well as increased international
sites. owned SF Transport primarily serves the coal demand at Intermodal drove enhanced top and industry in Kentucky and Virginia. bottom line profitability. Our Energy Logistics
As a small local carrier, the affiliation revenue was down slightly versus last year, but
Cronos/Seaco merger underway with Quality Carriers made sense for us. This adjusted operating income was up, primarily
Bohai Leasing has successfully completed gives us access to their large trailer fleet, a reflecting efforts to transition company-
the acquisition of Cronos Ltd from funds nationwide terminal network, and leading operated terminals to independent affiliates
managed by Kelso & Co and Transportation technology, says Jim Slater, president of SF alongside our focus on reducing costs through
Capital Group. Bohai plans to integrate Transport Holdings. As we want to expand, asset optimisation. Overall, we delivered
Cronos with Seaco Group, which it already Quality Carriers is enabling this by supporting a solid fourth quarter and look forward to
owns, to create one of the largest container our needs for equipment and working capital. continuing this positive momentum in 2015.

chemical ASIA
distribution March 2015 HCB

24-26 MARCH 2015

Under new ownership

Shanghai World Expo
Exhibition & Convention
ACQUISITION Apax Partners has announced plans to funds, having bought out control of the
acquire Azelis from 3i while Frances Safic-Alcan has now company from Parquest Capital. Originally
acquired by Parquest in 2007 as part of
undergone a management buyout a leveraged buyout (LBO) alongside the
management team, Safic-Alcan says it has
Atlas Holding, the holding company of prospects, facilitate expansion plans and undergone significant growth during the
the Azelis Group, has signed a binding accelerate growth, which may include intervening years, exceeding the objectives
agreement to sell Azelis to funds advised by targeted acquisitions where needed. of [the LBO], with revenues going from
Apax Partners, a global private equity firm Over the course of the last seven and a 250m to nearly 400m.
that typically invests in large companies half years, Azelis has undergone a significant We are delighted by the arrival of
with an enterprise value of between transformation, adds 3i partner Robert Sagard and Euromezzanine, two long-term
1bn and 5bn, for an undisclosed sum. Van Goethem. It is now one of the leading shareholders, within our capital, says Safic-
According to a joint statement issued by fully integrated and independent specialty Alcan CEO Martial Lecat. They will enable
Apax, Azelis and its current private equity chemical distributors. It serves a number us to continue to develop the group with
owner 3i, the relevant Azelis workers of blue-chip chemical producers across serenity, through external growth as well
councils have issued a favourable opinion the world, distributing their products and as through internal growth. This operation
on the transaction, which remains subject providing additional value-added services. is also a big step for Safic-Alcan in that it
to regulatory clearances and is expected to Despite the challenging European economic enables managers, who are heavily investing
close during the second quarter of the year. environment in recent years, the company in the companys capital, to gain control
Follow us on:
3i and funds managed by it acquired has successfully expanded into new markets of the group and thereby to reaffirm its
a majority stake of more than 60 per cent and in its core market segments. Throughout independence.
in Azelis from erstwhile owner Cognates our investment, 3i has supported the We are happy to provide Safic-Alcan
for 72m in 2007. Since then, Azelis has company with additional funds to enable with long-term financial means for its
transformed itself from a decentralised a range of acquisitions and corporate development, Antoine Ernoult-Dairaine of
European business into an integrated group, initiatives. Sagard and Thierry Raiff of Euromezzanine
operating under the single Azelis brand. We have been proactively targeting the jointly report. We have great confidence in
During this period, Azelis has grown both specialty chemicals distribution industry the management team and we fully subscribe
organically and through acquisitions, and have been following Azelis over the to their ambition to reaffirm the European


significantly expanding its geographic
footprint in the UK, the Benelux countries
last couple of years, having been impressed
with the continued progress the company has
leadership of Safic-Alcan on its various lines
of business. As for Parquest Capital, the


and central and eastern Europe (CEE) while
also establishing itself on the Asian chemical
made, Apax partner Frank Ehmer states.
We are pleased to have the opportunity
investment firms Denis Le Chevallier states:
We are very happy with the entrepreneurial
distribution market. It currently commands to work with Azelis and support Hans- success story we shared with management,
an annual turnover of around of 1bn. Joachim and the entire Azelis team in further as well as for the new chapter that is opening
establishing Azelis position as a leading in the continuing independent development
Clarity of vision global distributor; continuing to strengthen of Safic-Alcan.
We have had the chance to get to know the companys proposition for principals Meanwhile, Germanys Overlack has
Apax Partners and believe they share our and customers and embarking on a phase of received an unspecified convertible bond
values and are an excellent partner for the strong international growth. In order to take from the Hannover Finanz Group (HFG)
ongoing development of Azelis, says Azelis advantage of this opportunity, we are highly to support its ongoing expansion plans.
CEO Hans-Joachim Mller. Going forward, supportive of an investment programme to Currently operating a total of 35 locations
our strategy for growth is centred on the further strengthen Azelis existing platform, across 16 countries, Overlack finished 2014
Organised by
ambition to further build a lateral value chain both organically and through acquisitions. with a turnover of 510m. According to

in the market segments we serve. This clear HFG, it is now looking to further broaden
vision is understood by our employees and is Change in France its footprint and portfolio, with a series of
currently being implemented throughout the Azelis is not the only distributor where acquisitions on the cards for this year.
company, both locally and internationally. change is afoot, with the management team
This new phase of our development
of Frances Safic-Alcan, together with the
will greatly improve
Supported by our future business Sagard and Euromezzanine private equity

HCB March 2015 tanks

The new Chemical terminals opened in their limited storage capacity, all of the service our operational presence in China and into
2014 contributed to our overall revenue growth stations always have an adequate supply of Mexico and enhanced US performance with
in addition to our increased driver recruiting every fuel type on offer. new technologies and personnel, adds chief
and retention actions that resulted in higher operating officer and CFO Cosmo Alberico.
driver counts, which bodes well for 2015, Our track record of strong growth is driven
Enzor continues. Our Intermodal business Full employment at GATX by the successful acquisition and integration of
continued to deliver solid top and bottom line GATX Corp has reported fourth-quarter strategically targeted businesses, advancements
improvement that we expect to continue this 2014 net income of $58.5m, up from $53.3m in technologies that improve our clients
year. At Energy, we remain focused on our the year before, and full-year net income of logistics processes and diligent focus in the
transition efforts to shift our mix of business $205.0m, a 21 per cent increase on 2013. area of operational excellence for the markets
toward steadier post-production activity versus Brian A Kenney, president/CEO of GATX, we serve.
drilling related work. In addition, the recent says: In 2014, North American tank car
affiliation of our Jourdanton, TX terminal demand remained near record levels and
should help stabilise this business going freight car demand improved materially as Norbert Dentressangle boosts
forward. the year progressed. We capitalised on this revenues environment by continuing to lock in attractive Norbert Dentressangle has announced 2014
lease rates while also lengthening lease terms. revenues of just under 4.7bn, up 15.8 per
Hoyer gets deeper into fuels Fleet utilisation exceeded 99 per cent at the end cent on the prior year. In 2014 Norbert
The Hoyer group has extended its contract of the year, and our renewal success rate was Dentressangle reached a significant new
with ExxonMobil Central Europe Holding for more than 85 per cent. milestone of international proportions in its
another three years. Under the early extension strategy for the provision of services to its
of the contract, Hoyer Minerall-Logistik will customers, says CEO Herv Montjotin. All
continue to supply around 600 Esso service Odyssey ups its earnings again three divisions achieved growth in 2014:
stations in northern, western and eastern US-based Odyssey Logistics & Technology Logistics, now the groups leading business
Germany until mid-2018. Hoyer currently has reports that its earnings grew by more than and still growing; Transport, despite sluggish
45 vehicles committed to the contract. 60 per cent last year, continuing a trend of economic conditions in France; and last but
The early prolongation of the contract consecutive years of double-digit year-over- not least, Air & Sea, which has consistently
is the result of good operational work and year revenue and earnings growth. The increased its growth rate since the second
proves that Hoyer is an extremely reliable increase, it says, was fuelled by strong organic half. In the US, the first phase of the Jacobson
partner in the fuel supply segment, says performance as well as acquisitions. Our integration proceeded according to plan and
Volker Schmitz, managing director of Hoyer earnings reflect successful focus on providing our US staff are now fully focused on the
Minerall-Logistik. The new contract covers value-added services and global capabilities for performance of our businesses in 2015. In the
the entire logistics process, applying IT both our established and newly acquired clients light of these achievements and our tight control
solutions developed by Hoyer to determine across all transportation modes, says CEO of operations across all our business lines, we
supply volumes with precision. Sold quantities Bob Shellman. expect the 2014 EBITA margin to be in line with
are monitored and compared with empirical In addition to extending our intermodal the values reported over the past few years.
values and forecast data, ensuring that despite transportation offering [in 2014], we expanded

logistics March 2015 HCB

Sweat those assets fragmented industry with many family-

owned companies who are proud of their
independence and seeing their name on
INTERVIEW Paul Gooch, founder and managing director the side of a truck. While there have been
pooling initiatives, such as Tankceu, these
of consultancy firm The Logical Group and also a member of have been the exception rather than the rule.
EPCAs SC Committee, calls for better utilisation of logistics So theres a fear that too much
assets, largely through pooling, if future challenges in the collaboration and openness with other
market players can harm a firms
supply chain sector are to be met business?
PG: Yes. Its a kind of go-it-alone mindset
Logistics assets are poorly exploited, where some firms would rather forgo
argues Paul Gooch. Whether it is the potential economies and have their logistics
issue of trucks limited by loading and assets be less efficient than collaborate with
unloading hours, parcel tankers spending a rival.
excessive amounts of time in ports or empty 3PLs have often invested heavily
containers having to be repositioned, the in developing a brand image and the
opportunity costs are huge. prospect of throwing this over the transom
In consequence, firms are missing out is anathema to them, even though the
on significant improvements in operational value proposition of retaining the brand
efficiencies, leading in turn to considerable is difficult to quantify. With one or two
reductions in operating costs and CO2 noticeable exceptions chemical producers
emissions. are not interested in having their company
An improvement in the situation is badly name on logistics equipment because of
needed and discussion of many of the issues the publicity in case of an incident but this
has been high on the agenda at industry doesnt seem to be a problem for 3PLs.
meetings for years. Yet progress seems out
of reach. HCB spoke to Paul to see what he Paul Gooch: Time to start learning lessons Self-interest aside, what other factors
thinks is holding things up. explain the slow progress in getting the
freight savings. Even in the case of products best out of logistics assets?
HCB: In your view, what is holding up that are considered to be company-specific PG: The current interface between
the optimisation of logistics assets? and cannot be substituted, it is interesting chemical producers and LSPs and the way
PG: Lets begin with the petrochemicals to see what is possible in the event of plant the supply chain is organised have created
industry and some comparative analysis. outages and product shortages. barriers to optimisation.
I realise we are looking at two different For logistics assets, the experience has Loading restrictions on plants and
animals, but if petrochemical plants utilised been very different with slow progress in customer behaviour regarding limited
their production assets at the same level optimisation being largely down to self- offloading windows has a negative impact
as logistics assets, many companies would interest. on utilisation and order variability,
have disappeared years ago! caused by payments terms, has been well
Petrochemical plants, certainly process How does this self-interest manifest documented. We can also add that until the
plants, are usually designed to run 24/7 and itself? driver is decoupled from the truck, asset
maintenance turnarounds are scheduled PG: One example might be a strong third- utilisation will be determined by driving
well in advance. In the case of crackers, party logistics (3PL) player that is reluctant hours regulations.
these are dependent on the availability to share its advantage with weaker/smaller As for parcel tankers, working capital
of experienced contractors and therefore players. I recall one carrier telling me he pressure, smaller order sizes and multiple
shutdowns are coordinated to shave the would never consider leveraged purchasing discharge and loading terminals have all
peaks and time swaps ensure continued of trucks as that would give away part of his impacted utilisation rates. A willingness to
product supply. firms competitive advantage and a major use tank containers for smaller parcels is
On an ongoing basis, tankage may chemicals producer was similarly reluctant gaining ground but parcel tankers are still
be shared for fungible products and to pool its freight purchasing through a 4PL spending too much time in port rather than
geographical swaps of commodity products with other, smaller producers. moving large volumes of product from A
reduce product movements and enable Look at road haulage a highly to B in as short a time as possible.

HCB March 2015 chemical distribution

chemical distribution March 2015 HCB

Register online now at:

HCB March 2015 logistics

What initiatives can you point to that have The concept of a trustee is also gaining PG: Necessity is the mother of invention
improved asset utilisation? some measure of acceptance as a means of and it comes as no surprise that the current
PG: There are numerous cases of successful preserving commercial integrity and the economic environment is creating some
cooperation from around the world. For competitive marketplace. strange bedfellows. Its also true that
example, Vessel Sharing Agreements (VSAs) cost improvements in manufacturing have
between major container lines have long been Among shippers, forwarders, LSPs and cargo been largely exploited and much supply
a feature of the industry, among the latest carriers, where is resistance strongest to chain low-hanging fruit has already
being the 2M agreement between Maersk and pooling or is it evenly spread? been harvested. So its natural that the
MSC. PG: I wouldnt want to single out one party next frontier of improvements may come
The Blue Road, a lean and green barge in particular. What is interesting is to watch through cooperation and collaboration.
project documented in the EPCA Report on discussions develop about cooperation
Sustainable Chemical Supply Chains, was the and collaboration between all of the above Could you highlight a collaborative
result of collaboration between Heinz, Mars parties, to the point where a decision has approach on logistics assets that has
and Bavaria to consolidate their shipments to be made to proceed. Its here that self- worked in practice?
and move from road to barge transport. interest will often manifest itself and the PG: A good example from outside the
Other examples that come to mind are discussion will break down. The most chemical industry is the tie-up forged
the Oiltanking and Odfjell joint venture to successful examples of pooling are usually between Kimberly-Clark and Lever
operate terminals in Sohar and Singapore, bi-lateral and implemented quietly. So the Faberg, which together account for a good
aimed at improving tank and vessel development of grey chassis pools in North number of personal care and household
utilisation. America represents a groundbreaker. products brands. Kimberly-Clark was
The Dinalog 4C4Chem project has facing pressure from retail stores to deliver
brought together several organisations Can you single out a priority area in replenishment stock in line with sales,
including TUE, Sabic, Shell, Dow, Den Europe for a better utilisation of logistics which entailed smaller orders and more
Hartogh, CargoGator, and VNCI, to explore assets? frequent deliveries.
the benefits of tactical collaboration in PG: If the European Commission is serious It was looking at ways to avoid the
planning, bundling, and combining flows. about promoting intermodal transport in associated additional transportation costs
Also worth a mention is Log4Chem, moving a significant volume of freight and decided to explore the possibility of
which was set up by Hoyer, Bertschi and De off the roads and on to trains, wed be collaborating with other suppliers delivering
Rijke to pool their assets and drive efficiency demanding much more from the existing rail to the same retail stores and sharing the
for a chemical producer. infrastructure with a major upgrade required. space on a single truck. It approached
In turn, this would necessitate the Lever Faberg and ran a successful trial in
And the most recent initiative of note? expansion of intermodal logistics assets, with the Netherlands. After the trial, Kimberly-
PG: Undoubtedly, the collaborative more inland container handling terminals, Clark and Lever Faberg agreed that if
project at the Port of New York and New in order to accommodate the growth of rail- they wanted to expand their collaboration,
Jersey (PNYNJ) to implement a port-wide borne freight traffic and avoid bottlenecks. then they would need to engage a third-
grey truck chassis pool a significant There is already plenty of scope to party logistics company to operate a shared
breakthrough which demonstrates that improve rail assets in Europe, both on the distribution centre and handle transportation
cooperation can be made to work. There are organisational side, where there is an urgent on their behalf. They entered into an
also reports of a similar initiative on the part need to separate the network management agreement with 3PL Hays Logistics (now
of the US west coast ports of Los Angeles from state-owned rail companies, and on part of Kuehne+Nagel) to build a shared
and Long Beach. These are opportunities to the technical front, in resolving issues such distribution centre in Raamsdonksveer, in
put asset optimisation back on the agenda and as interoperability, which is hampering the the Netherlands.
there are good reasons to feel positive about development of seamless pan-European Both Kimberly-Clark and Lever Faberg
the future. services. processed their own customer orders and
In passing, it goes without saying that rail then relayed that information to Hays
But can independent commercial relations transport is crucial to the chemical industry, Logistics who used the information to
between suppliers be maintained when which must continue to advocate strongly in pull both companies products from the
logistics assets are pooled? favour of single rail car traffic whose future warehouse and ship full truckloads.
PG: Yes. In the case of both the PNYNJ is under threat. The original partners continue to
chassis pool and 2M, the guiding principle collaborate in the Netherlands, where they
is that assets are pooled and optimised but Has the prolonged period of economic have many shared customers. There are
commercial relations with customers remain uncertainty made a better utilisation of lessons to be learned here for the chemical
strictly separate. logistics assets even more urgent? industry and its 3PL providers.

chemical distribution March 2015 HCB

Under new ownership

ACQUISITION Apax Partners has announced plans to funds, having bought out control of the
company from Parquest Capital. Originally
acquire Azelis from 3i while Frances Safic-Alcan has now acquired by Parquest in 2007 as part of
undergone a management buyout a leveraged buyout (LBO) alongside the
management team, Safic-Alcan says it has
Atlas Holding, the holding company of prospects, facilitate expansion plans and undergone significant growth during the
the Azelis Group, has signed a binding accelerate growth, which may include intervening years, exceeding the objectives
agreement to sell Azelis to funds advised by targeted acquisitions where needed. of [the LBO], with revenues going from
Apax Partners, a global private equity firm Over the course of the last seven and a 250m to nearly 400m.
that typically invests in large companies half years, Azelis has undergone a significant We are delighted by the arrival of
with an enterprise value of between transformation, adds 3i partner Robert Sagard and Euromezzanine, two long-term
1bn and 5bn, for an undisclosed sum. Van Goethem. It is now one of the leading shareholders, within our capital, says Safic-
According to a joint statement issued by fully integrated and independent specialty Alcan CEO Martial Lecat. They will enable
Apax, Azelis and its current private equity chemical distributors. It serves a number us to continue to develop the group with
owner 3i, the relevant Azelis workers of blue-chip chemical producers across serenity, through external growth as well
councils have issued a favourable opinion the world, distributing their products and as through internal growth. This operation
on the transaction, which remains subject providing additional value-added services. is also a big step for Safic-Alcan in that it
to regulatory clearances and is expected to Despite the challenging European economic enables managers, who are heavily investing
close during the second quarter of the year. environment in recent years, the company in the companys capital, to gain control
3i and funds managed by it acquired has successfully expanded into new markets of the group and thereby to reaffirm its
a majority stake of more than 60 per cent and in its core market segments. Throughout independence.
in Azelis from erstwhile owner Cognates our investment, 3i has supported the We are happy to provide Safic-Alcan
for 72m in 2007. Since then, Azelis has company with additional funds to enable with long-term financial means for its
transformed itself from a decentralised a range of acquisitions and corporate development, Antoine Ernoult-Dairaine of
European business into an integrated group, initiatives. Sagard and Thierry Raiff of Euromezzanine
operating under the single Azelis brand. We have been proactively targeting the jointly report. We have great confidence in
During this period, Azelis has grown both specialty chemicals distribution industry the management team and we fully subscribe
organically and through acquisitions, and have been following Azelis over the to their ambition to reaffirm the European
significantly expanding its geographic last couple of years, having been impressed leadership of Safic-Alcan on its various lines
footprint in the UK, the Benelux countries with the continued progress the company has of business. As for Parquest Capital, the
and central and eastern Europe (CEE) while made, Apax partner Frank Ehmer states. investment firms Denis Le Chevallier states:
also establishing itself on the Asian chemical We are pleased to have the opportunity We are very happy with the entrepreneurial
distribution market. It currently commands to work with Azelis and support Hans- success story we shared with management,
an annual turnover of around of 1bn. Joachim and the entire Azelis team in further as well as for the new chapter that is opening
establishing Azelis position as a leading in the continuing independent development
Clarity of vision global distributor; continuing to strengthen of Safic-Alcan.
We have had the chance to get to know the companys proposition for principals Meanwhile, Germanys Overlack has
Apax Partners and believe they share our and customers and embarking on a phase of received an unspecified convertible bond
values and are an excellent partner for the strong international growth. In order to take from the Hannover Finanz Group (HFG)
ongoing development of Azelis, says Azelis advantage of this opportunity, we are highly to support its ongoing expansion plans.
CEO Hans-Joachim Mller. Going forward, supportive of an investment programme to Currently operating a total of 35 locations
our strategy for growth is centred on the further strengthen Azelis existing platform, across 16 countries, Overlack finished 2014
ambition to further build a lateral value chain both organically and through acquisitions. with a turnover of 510m. According to
in the market segments we serve. This clear HFG, it is now looking to further broaden
vision is understood by our employees and is Change in France its footprint and portfolio, with a series of
currently being implemented throughout the Azelis is not the only distributor where acquisitions on the cards for this year.
company, both locally and internationally. change is afoot, with the management team
This new phase of our development of Frances Safic-Alcan, together with the
will greatly improve our future business Sagard and Euromezzanine private equity


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chemical distribution March 2015 HCB

chemical distribution news By the end of 2014 Chemtrade was a much

larger and stronger business than it was a year
Brenntag expands in South Africa across Scandinavia, the former Soviet Union, earlier, says president and CEO Mark Davis.
Brenntag has agreed to acquire Lionheart eastern Europe and China, has announced a The General Chemical acquisition continued
Chemical Enterprises of South Africa. record operating profit of 9.9m for 2014, the successful execution of our strategic
Headquartered in Johannesburg, Lionheart is up from 5.8m in 2013. This, Aspo says, direction of adding size, scale and diversity
expected to close its 2014 books with sales of was achieved regardless of the decrease of earnings to our business. In addition to
around 12m. The acquisition strengthens in oil prices and the crisis between Russia integrating the new business, we also raised
Brenntags position in the South African and Ukraine and in spite of a slight fall in additional capital and sold our Montreal East
chemical distribution market, says Karsten net sales, which dropped from 230.2m to facility thus ensuring balance sheet strength
Beckmann, CEO of Brenntag Europe, Middle 226.8m. and flexibility. We are well positioned for
East and Africa (EMEA). Lionhearts product The operating profit rate increased in both future success.
portfolio is complementary to other activities eastern and western markets, it continues, In general, our operating businesses
of Brenntag in this region through our Multisol noting that it exceeded 5 per cent in Russia, performed well in 2014, he continues.
and Crest Industrial Chemical businesses. Ukraine and the CIS. The improvement of Demand for most of our products was stable
We see great potential to increase our sales profitability in western markets was affected during the year and we expect demand for
by combining existing supplier relations and by previously implemented cost savings. In our expanded range of products to remain
attracting new suppliers. eastern markets, the increase was substantially stable in 2015. We will continue to pursue our
Carl Blomme, Brenntag EMEAs regional affected by both the good management strategy of growth and operational excellence
president, Middle East and Africa, adds: of currency positions in the middle of together with adherence to our risk-mitigating
Lionheart has a key position in food specialty a challenging market situation and the business model and financial prudence. We
chemicals in South Africa and high in-house utilisation of Telkos strong market position. remain confident that successful execution
competencies that Brenntag can leverage. We During the fourth quarter, Telkos net sales of this strategy will enable us to continue
are creating a food specialty business unit improved by 4 per cent year-on-year, up from providing our unitholders with the growth and
that will hold a well reputable position in this 53.5m to 55.8m, with operating profit yield they have come to expect.
important market sector in the South African increasing significantly, from 0.5m 12
region. months ago to reach 2.8m. The key reason
Meanwhile, Brenntag reports that it has also for the improvement of operating profit was Stockmeier buys Quaron Belgium
expanded its arrangement with Dow Microbial that profitability in Russia, Ukraine and other The Germany-headquartered Stockmeier
Control (DMC). Building upon an existing CIS countries was better than the year before Group has acquired 100 per cent of shares
relationship with DMC for the distribution and that cost efficiency improved in western in Quaron Belgium, which, along with
of products aimed at the cosmetics sector in markets, Aspo says. During the fourth Contichim International, will now become
Germany, Switzerland, Austria, the Benelux quarter, Russian economic outlook became part of Stockmeier Chemicals Belux based
countries and France, the expanded arrangement significantly pessimistic, while the prices in Limal-Wavre, near Brussels. The two
will now include Iberia, Italy, the UK and the of raw materials sold continued to fall. The companies, Stockmeier says, complement
Nordic region with immediate effect. Russian and Ukrainian currencies that are each other perfectly, enabling customers
With this step we expand our excellent important to Telko decreased notably. Thanks to benefit from an extended product range;
business relationship with Dow Microbial to Telkos good operational preparedness, it optimised processes; a high degree of
Control to the whole of western Europe, which was able to react quickly to the decrease in reliability; and access to the Stockier Groups
will open up even more opportunities in the exchange rates, which is why it did not have extensive product range. The scope of the new
cosmetics market, says Brenntag EMEAs any significant impact on operating profit entity, it continues, will remain the import,
chief operating officer Uwe Schltke. Dow during the review period. export and distribution of various industrial
Microbial Controls portfolio of high-quality, chemicals.
high-performance and globally approved
preservatives for rinse off and leave on A good year for Canadas
applications fits perfectly into our strategy and Chemtrade Algol acquires Amixo
portfolio, offering our customers excellent Toronto-headquartered Chemtrade Logistics Finlands Algol Chemicals has acquired
solutions and value-added services. has announced net 2014 earnings of C$21m Amixo, a Swedish distributor of ammonia gas ($16.9m), up noticeably on the C$5.5m that recently branched out into the production
posted 12 months ago. At the same time, of aqueous ammonia solution for various
Telko posts a record result revenues for the year reached C$1.2bn, up industrial applications. The deal, Algol says,
Aspo-owned Telko, a Finland-headquartered from C$836.1m in 2013, with EBITDA significantly strengthens its presence on
chemical distributor with extensive operations increasing from C$129.9m to C$221.2m. the Scandinavian market, complementing

HCB March 2015 chemical distribution

the existing range of products offered by its Through this acquisition more than 20 and engaging with the outstanding culture
Industrials and Environmental & Energy complementary distribution agreements have at Horn as a consultant, he says. To now
Business Units. made our product portfolio in Spain even serve as an official part of an industry-leading
We are very excited about joining forces more attractive for clients in our defined company that has an even brighter future
with Amixos professional team, which focus industries, adds Alexander Sielmann, ahead is exciting. I look forward to helping
has created a solid market position in the managing shareholder of Ter AS Productos. create premier supply chain capabilities that
Scandinavian market over the past 25 years, We do not foresee the need for changes in will help Horn continue to set the standard for
says Algol managing director Juha Jokinen. client allocation and will therefore continue to excellence in logistics and distribution.
Through joining forces we will be in a better do what our customers are used to: taking care The news comes shortly after Horn
position to serve our Scandinavian customers of them while providing excellence in service expanded its relationship with Air Products
through a wider product portfolio and a local and technical support. to include the distribution of its personal care
production site in Kumla. lines across Colorado, New Mexico, Texas,
At Amixo, we all feel happy and Oklahoma, Louisiana and Arkansas. Horn
confident to get Algol as the new owner, Horn goes for growth is uniquely positioned to provide a high level
which is an important factor for an easy John Jordan has joined California- of technical support to our target markets
and successful integration between the headquartered chemical distributor Horn as in the south-west, says Christina Fiduccia,
companies, adds Amixos managing director its new logistics manager. He brings with him vice president, Horn Care Elements. Our
Torbjrn Kjellner. We all look forward to 25 years of logistics and distribution expertise specialised sales force comprises highly
working jointly with Algol with both existing that will ensure operational efficiencies experienced formulating chemists with
and new customers. in support of the companys exponential exceptional problem-solving capabilities growth. and a keen dedication to offering superior
Commenting on the news, Jeff Martin, customer service. Air Products portfolio
Ter expands in Iberia Horns president of administration and aligns with Horns technical strengths and we
Ter AS Productos, a subsidiary of the operations, states: John brings an extensive are energised to unlock new opportunities for
German Ter Chemicals Distribution Group, background in logistics that will be vital in business development for Air Products in our
has acquired Portuguese-based Adiquimica helping us optimise our service levels. His newly expanded territory.
from Adigroup as well as 100 per cent of its new role is crucial in laying the foundation for
Spanish paints, coatings and construction Horns future growth, which will help us stay
division for an undisclosed sum. With ahead of the game and considerably enhance Hawkins income dips
the addition of both businesses, Ter Group our service and position with our valued US-based Hawkins has announced a third-
markedly improves its setup on the Iberian principal suppliers and customers. quarter net income of $3.1m, down from
Peninsula, says Ter CEO Christian Westphal. Prior to his appointment, Jordan served $3.5m 12 months ago despite a 2.6 per cent
We warmly welcome 13 new employees a six-month contract as the companys rise in sales, which increased from $81.7m
with extensive sales experience who will help supply chain consultant, analysing Horns to $83.8m over the period. We closed on
us to grow sustainably. Furthermore, we shall distribution network and supply chain strategy the Dumont acquisition during this quarter,
invest in [the] continuous improvement of our with a focus on transport optimisation. which gave us seven branch locations across
systems and processes in Portugal and Spain. Ive had first-hand experience observing the state of Florida, says CEO and president

chemical distribution March 2015 HCB

Patrick Hawkins. We are actively working to journey working with TRI since 2009, the UAE and we have no doubt his move will
introduce our proprietary specialty chemical Malik says. Im proud to have been given enhance the contact base to significantly drive
products and our equipment lines into this this opportunity to work in the mecca of our international trade business forward.
new geographic region. the chemical world during a time of need
We are also proactively adding staff in and directional shift in the industry. We are
a number of our current Water Treatment excited to take on the new challenge and serve Aceto sees its income slip
branches to support continued growth our partners effectively. US-based Aceto has announced a second-
in that segment. While these selective Both the new office and Maliks relocation quarter net income of $6.6m, a drop of 2.2
additions add cost in the near term, we are will support what TRI terms its continued per cent from the $6.8m posted 12 months
making these investments to better position focus on the strategic growth of its ago, despite seeing a 6.2 per cent year-on-
us for future growth, he continues. Our international market while developing strong year increase in net sales, which rose from
Industrial segment has continued to benefit relationships with local US manufacturers $116.5m to $123.8m.
from year-over-year volume increases. We and producers. Malik, the company continues, Human Health sales increased by 39.2
are aggressively pursuing opportunities to will now be better placed to work closely per cent, with growth primarily driven by
profitably grow this business but continue to with both TRIs regional sales managers and the acquisition of PACK Pharmaceuticals,
experience challenging market conditions. purchasing team to develop new distribution partially offset by weakness in our Nutritional opportunities, build existing business and business, says CEO Sal Guccione.
expand TRIs global reach in the chemical Pharmaceutical Ingredients saw lower
TRI opens Texas GTO marketplace. sales and profits primarily due to decreased
TRInternational (TRI) has establishment We welcome Waheeb to the US and sales of a high-margin active pharmaceutical
a new Global Trading Office (GTO) in the centre of the global chemical trade in ingredient as well as several other lower-
Houston, Texas. In line with this, Waheeb Houston, Texas, says TRI CEO and owner margin products. Performance Chemicals
R Malik, TRIs commercial manager of Anthony Ridnell. Waheeb has shown profitability was up versus a year ago due to
global exports and trade, has relocated to the tremendous propensity to network and initiate improved product mix.
GTO from Dubai. It has been an incredible creative business for TRI during his tenure in

HCB March 2015 chemical distribution


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ACQUISITION Apax Partners has announced plans to funds, having bought out control of the
acquire Azelis from 3i while Frances Safic-Alcan has now ZGR18139
company from Parquest Capital. Originally
acquired by Parquest in 2007 as part of
undergone a management buyout
a leveraged buyout (LBO) alongside the
management team, Safic-Alcan says it has
Atlas Holding, the holding company of prospects, facilitate expansion plans and undergone significant growth during the

the Azelis Group, has signed a binding
agreement to sell Azelis to funds advised by
Apax Partners, a global private equity firm
accelerate growth, which may include
targeted acquisitions where needed.
Over the course of the last seven and a
intervening years, exceeding the objectives
of [the LBO], with revenues going from
250m to nearly 400m.
that typically 16
invests - 17companies
in large 2015, Houston, USAhas undergone a significant
half years, Azelis We are delighted by the arrival of
with an enterprise value of between transformation, adds 3i partner Robert Sagard and Euromezzanine, two long-term
Oversupply, consolidation and an evolving demand
1bn and 5bn, for an undisclosed sum. Van Goethem. It is now one of the leading shareholders, within our capital, says Safic-

landscape: Tackling challenges in the global shipping market

According to a joint statement issued by
Apax, Azelis and its current private equity
fully integrated and independent specialty
chemical distributors. It serves a number
Alcan CEO Martial Lecat. They will enable
us to continue to develop the group with
owner 3i, the relevant Azelis workers of blue-chip chemical producers across serenity, through external growth as well
Speakers already conrmed include:
councils have issued a favourable opinion the world, distributing their products and Who Should Attend?
as through internal growth. This operation
on the transaction, which remains subject providing additional value-added services. is also a big step for Safic-Alcan in that it
to regulatory clearancesMarket
and is overview
expected to of the chemical
Despite tanker industry
the challenging European economic enables managers, who are heavily investing
close during the second Brian Cleary,
quarter Head
of the of Research
year. and Business
environment Development,
in recent years, the company in the companys capital, to gain control
3i and funds managedSPI MARINE (USA)
by it acquired has successfully expanded into new markets of the group and thereby to reaffirm its
a majority stake of more than 60 per cent and in its core market segments. Throughout independence.
Explaining increased investment in chemical shipping:
in Azelis from erstwhile owner Cognates our investment, 3i has supported the We are happy to provide Safic-Alcan
why now?
for 72m in 2007. Since then, Azelis has
Basil Karatzas, Founder & CEO, company with additional funds to enable with long-term financial means for its
transformed itself from a decentralised
European business into an integrated group,
a range&ofCO
acquisitions and corporate
What can it offer you?
development, Antoine Ernoult-Dairaine of
Sagard and Thierry Raiff of Euromezzanine
operating under the single Azelis brand. the impact Weofhave evolving customer
been proactively targeting the jointly ICIS Chemical
report. We have Shipping will unite the
great confidence in
During this period, Azelis has grownon both
the shipping industry
specialty chemicals distribution industry shipping and the petrochemicals
the management team and we fully subscribe
Carsten Weers, Global Supply industry to nd solutions to shared
organically and through acquisitions, andChain
have Management,
been followingMonomers
Azelis overDivision,
the to their ambition to reaffirm the European
BASF problems
significantly expanding its geographic last couple of years, having been impressed leadership of Safic-Alcan on its various lines
footprint in the UK, the Benelux countries with the continued progress the company has Network
of business. As forandParquest
make connections
Capital, the from
Tracking developments in the crude oil market
and central and eastern Europe (CEE) while
Dominic Haywood, Crude Oil made,
Analyst,Apax partner Frank Ehmer states. investment firms Denis Le Chevalliersides
both the supply and demand states:
of the industry and gain vital market
also establishing itselfENERGY
on the Asian chemical We are pleased to have the opportunity
ASPECTS We are very happy with the entrepreneurial
distribution market. It currently commands to work with Azelis and support Hans- success story we shared with management,
an annual turnover ofUS shale:
around exploring changes
of 1bn. Joachim and to the
Azelis team in further as well Receive a 360 view of the market
as for the new chapter that is opening
landscape establishing Azelis position as a leading with perspectives
in the continuing independentfrom development
both the
shipping and chemicals industries
Clarity of vision Daniel Lippe, Managing Partner, global distributor; continuing to strengthen of Safic-Alcan.
We have had the chance to get to know the companys proposition for principals Meanwhile,
Learn about Germanys Overlack has
how developments
Apax Partners and believe they share
The agenda features our and customers
2 paneland embarking on a phase of
discussions receivedoutside the shipping
an unspecified industry
convertible will
values and are an excellent partner for the strong international growth. In order to take impact the chemical
from the Hannover Finanz Group (HFG) tanker market
on the latest hot topics
ongoing development of Azelis, says Azelis advantage of this opportunity, we are highly to support its ongoing expansion plans.
Benet from ICISs expert knowledge
CEO Hans-Joachim Mller.CrudeGoingoil crash:
supportive theofnew market programme
an investment scenario to Currentlyofoperating a total of
and connections 35 locations
in the global
our strategy for growth and the impact
is centred on the on global shipping
further strengthen Azelis existing platform, across 16shipping
countries, market
Overlack finished 2014
Allana Bendixen,
ambition to further build Senior
lateral value chainBroker,
organically and through acquisitions. with a turnover of 510m. According to
in the market segments we serve. This clear HOUSTON HFG, it is partner:
Lead media now looking to further broaden
vision is understood by our employees and is Change in France its footprint and portfolio, with a series of
Debating the impact of increased investment on the
currently being implemented throughout the Azelis is not the only distributor where acquisitions on the cards for this year.
chemical shipping industry
company, both locallyLanceand internationally. change is afoot, with the management team
Malesh, Senior Vice President,
This new phase of ourBDP development
INTERNATIONAL of Frances Safic-Alcan, together with the
*Special rates are also
will greatly improve our future business Sagard and Euromezzanine private equity
for Shipowners and Shipbrokers contact
us for details
92 +44 (0)20 8652 4659
HCB March 2015 IBCs

Growth recognised the switch to our new and more

rigid SM13 composite pallet design, but those

knowing about our change really appreciate the
improved stacking performance and container
At the same time, the company also
unveiled the FP 15 Aseptic IBC that,
MARKETS The market for combining a flexible inner container with the
outer cage and pallet of an SM series IBC,
IBCs remains strong, with
was developed to address the specific needs of
Mauser continuing to win he states. In addition to the general market customers from the food and pharmaceutical
growth, many of our customers continue to industries. With our FP15 Aseptic we
custom thanks to its focus on
migrate from drums to IBCs. Even in regions introduced a packaging concept so far not
innovation and full-lifecycle with less advanced infrastructure in place, known to the market, he says.
we are seeing new installations including Naturally this comes with a longer phase
filling lines to accommodate the IBC package of market introduction and individual customer
format. approval processes, especially as the targeted
The Germany-headquartered Mauser Group The growth potential Mauser sees in IBCs food industry is highly sensitive when it comes
has expanded its operations in Turkey with the should perhaps come as no surprise given the to the qualification of new packaging. Besides
opening of a new intermediate bulk container general attractiveness of these units. Based the original design, our portfolio of Mauser FP
(IBC) production plant in Gebze/Kocaeli, near on their integral design structure, including a Aseptic options meanwhile also covers an air
Istanbul. Constructed next to the companys pallet and discharge valve, composite IBCs assist option for highly viscous products and a
existing steel and plastics drum facility, the are valued as a space-saving and economic top fill option, allowing the filling of liners via
new site provides customers in southern and package for the transportation and storage a special top coupling integrated to the flexible
eastern Europe as well as the Middle East of hazardous and sensitive filling goods, inner container.
with a more convenient location from which Schmidt explains. Composite IBCs come
to source UN-approved SM series IBCs, with a high level of standardisation in design Unique business model
including the SM 6 wooden pallet IBC, the SM and quality, which makes them a favourite But Mauser is certainly not solely focused
13 composite pallet IBC and the SM 15 full with large globally operating customers. In on the production and delivery of factory-
plastics pallet IBC. addition, the modular design makes IBCs an new units, with its National Container Group
With our truly global setup we look at ideal packaging solution for reconditioning and (NCG) subsidiary now one of the largest
growth opportunities and the expansion of life-cycle management as different packaging industrial packagings reconditioner/recycler in
our footprint around the world, says Klaus- components may be cleaned or reused multiple the world. There is no doubt that NCG and its
Peter Schmidt, Mausers head of global times without risk for the overall packaging offering on various reconditioning services is
product development and global sustainability integrity. not only important, but essential for Mausers
management. For us it is not only about However, when it comes to design overall strategy, Schmidt states. Mausers
growth but about sustainable and profitable optimisation, Mauser is not a company to rest success is due to both its comprehensive
growth, which we see in fast GDP-growing on its laurels. We truly believe in the benefit portfolio of high-quality industrial packaging
regions like Asia-Pacific. We also look to of innovations, he says, noting that Mauser solutions and services as well as its unique
expand our business in more mature markets, is looking to launch new products and IBC business model.
like we most recently did with the installation accessories over the coming months. And Our approach is based on sustainability
of a new IBC production line in the Istanbul while it is too early to reveal further details and the management of the complete
area in Turkey. as yet, the additions to the Mauser range packaging lifecycle, he says. As a global
introduced last year have so far received player, Mauser, in combination with NCG, is
Demand for composites overwhelming market feedback. able to offer these full-cycle services around
We see continuous market growth with the globe. With our ECO-CYCLE approach,
composite IBCs in particular if we look at Improved performance based on the five pillars of Renew,
the combined demand of newly manufactured With the new SM13 composite pallet Reduce, Recollect, Reuse and Recycle,
and reconditioned composite IBCs. We expect introduced in early 2014, we added a better customers are able to combine ecology
the IBC market growth to clearly outperform performing pallet option to our standard SM and economy through advanced packaging
the average market growth for rigid industrial composite IBC portfolio, Schmidt says. solutions and to manage their product cycle in
packaging, which we see at approximately Based on its smooth market introduction, a sustainable way.
3 per cent per annum in the coming years, some customers of ours might not even have

IBCs March 2015 HCB

Keep it clean Developed to facilitate the safe and efficient

handling of automotive coatings and other
highly viscous substances, the Ecobulk HX
incorporates a sloping base, a specially
shaped outlet area and a low-lying discharge
MANUFACTURING Since developing the first composite tap and provides a residual draining of less
IBC in the 1970s, Germanys Schtz has continued to expand its than 0.3 litres.
The unusual shape guarantees optimum
portfolio and footprint to better serve the needs of its customers stirring results even with small residual
quantities of 30 litres, says Schtz. Up to
The past few months have been a busy time chain applies preventative measures that now, steel containers have been the primary
for Schtz, with the company opening new comply with the very highest standards units used for the transport and storage
intermediate bulk container (IBC) plants in from production to transport and sale to of coatings, which means expenses for
France and Indonesia and also announcing the consumer. Cleancert IBCs provide full cleaning, repairs, collection logistics and a
plans to expand production in the US. A material, product and process security. remaining risk of contamination. The HX
constantly growing network of Schtz plants Schtz manufactures the packaging offers numerous advantages: lower purchase
helps us to shorten the distances to our just-in-time on the basis of specific customer costs, no other expenses, administration-free
customers worldwide, the company reasons. orders, it says. In order to minimise collecting with the Schtz Ticket Service,
Thus it helps optimise their supply chain the risk of contamination during interim eco-friendly bottle exchange and recycling
and lowers costs in the logistic sector. This storage, the inner bottles are transferred during reconditioning and less weight for
also serves the environment: short distances and inserted in the IBC directly after blow easier handling.
enable reduced emissions. We have built our moulding. Naturally, employees must follow Moreover, since its launch, Schtz
business by following our customer. a special set of detailed hygiene rules. Each has been busy further refining this units
To expand production in the US is production step and each component can be capabilities. Among other features, we
important for being even more flexible and clearly assigned to the relevant packaging enlarged its total capacity to 1,050 litres by
for strengthening our supply chain security and all parts and steps are completely equipping it with corrugations on each side,
in the growing markets. St Joseph, Missouri silicone-free. A barcode system is used Schtz says. The new model is ready for
will be an important plant for the agricultural to identify all parts and ensure complete serial production and will be available in
and energy-related business, Schtz says, traceability, right down to batch and process April.
revealing that it is also in the process of level. Through innovations such as the Ecobulk
constructing a new factory in Zory in the On request, Schtz will also assign HX, the potential for new IBC applications
south of Poland. Production is scheduled to identification numbers for articles or is constantly expanding, helping the
start [there] in the fourth quarter of 2015, packing items and equip the IBC with an worldwide market to grow faster than GDP.
it continues, adding that there are more EVOH barrier as an effective protection With new models and technologies we
projects and sites in the planning process. against permeation. Finished packaging seek to serve new industries and to offer
is loaded without any further storage more economic and ecological packaging
Technical hygiene and shipped immediately, the company solutions, Schtz says. And when it comes
Within all its plants, Schtz pays great continues. All pre-produced components, to ecological solutions, Schtz has a long
attention to not only quality, but also such as screw caps, discharge valves or bung and proven track record thanks in no small
cleanliness. As such, in 2013 it introduced stoppers, are hygienically packaged and are part to it global Schtz Ticket collection
the Foodcert standard, which demotes stored separately. If the containers are to be service.
packagings produced in accordance with the shipped at a later point then they are stored The reconditioning of IBCs with the
FSSC 22000 safety and hygiene programme. in special, closed rooms. Optional plastics Schtz Ticket Service helps us to continually
In a similar vein, the company has now covers can be used to provide additional reduce the volume of resources needed per
launched Cleancert, a sister initiative for protection until the containers are ready to produced unit: the HDPE recyclate resulting
non-food units. Our new packaging series be used for transporting medical solvents, from the reconditioning process is used
Cleancert is the new industry standard for coatings or inks. exclusively in our own production facilities
sectors where safety and technical hygiene to manufacture plastics components, such as
are very important and becoming an essential Coming next month corner protectors and PE pallets, it says. At
quality factor, for example, the cosmetic, the One of a pantheon of new IBC designs the same time, it also enables customers to
pharmaceutical or the automotive industry, and products unveiled over the past 12 easily dispose of their empty IBCs in a safe
Schtz explains. High quality products can months that is also available as a Cleancert and eco-friendly way without any costs.
only be guaranteed if the entire production and Foodcert model is the Ecobulk HX.

HCB March 2015 IBCs

Other times, they are more one-off solutions,

such as the complex IBC Finncont produced
for a Swedish firm needing a unit for cleaning
the oil in a ships engine while it was still
running. They needed a special container
with heating and also some other special
applications inside so we did this together
with them, he says.

As you like it
We work together with the customer. If
they have some problems they must solve, we
have the technical ability and our technical
staff is very good at solving problems, whether
its transporting or heating or something
PRODUCTS Finncont is gearing up to launch a new all- else. We sit down with the customer and
go through their specifications and then we
plastics IBC while continuing to meet highly demanding design the product around that, Raiskinmki
product briefs from customers requiring unique designs says. Whats more, thanks to the companys
flexibility and responsiveness, orders for such
Finland-based Finncont is looking to Active containers designs need not be large but can instead run to
further expand its range of UN-approved Serving the needs of the chemicals, food, just one or two units as needed.
intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) with environmental and oil and gas industries
the launch of a new all-plastics unit, says among others, Finnconts range of metal
sales director Timo Raiskinmki. While IBCs encompasses a full gamut of cuboid
the company is best known across Europe
and beyond for its stainless steel designs,
and cylindrical designs for the handling
of regulated and/or sensitive materials in
Rolig takes
Finncont already has a composite model
on its books that incorporates a plastics
volumes ranging from 500 litres to 3,000
litres, including offshore units designed and the reins
bottle produced by the Finncont Groups manufactured in accordance with DNV 2.7-1/ Petri Rolig has been named as Finnconts
roto-moulding arm. As with its multitrip EN12079. new managing director, taking over from
composite system, the companys all-plastics Furthermore, a key element of the Isto Lahti, who will continue to work as
IBC will be primarily aimed at chemical companys offering is what it terms active an active owner and board member of
industry users seeking a safe and efficient containers. Equipped with cooling, heating parent firm Finncont Group. Rolig joins
means of handling acids and other aggressive and/or mixing functions, these units the company from Kiilto Family, a Finnish
filling media that would otherwise react particularly lend themselves to the handling chemical industry products manufacturer,
with a metal receptacle. However, by of often highly viscous food and chemical where he worked in a business development
minimising the use of metal parts, its design products and in many ways can be seen as role. Previously the president and CEO of
will completely eradicate the possibility of mobile process vessels. Designed for ease of the publicly listed Suominen Corporation, he
corrosion occurring on its outer structure. use, reliability and safety, they are naturally was also head of group R&D at Huhtamaki
Initially, the new all-plastics model will be highly customised to meet the particular needs having held various operational roles at
produced with filling capacities of 800 litres of the individual shipper. Stora Enso. Additionally, Rolig has served
as this, Raiskinmki explains, is the most But then, with Finncont operating its as board chairman of the Finnish Plastics
popular IBC size in northern Europe, although own design studio, customisation and Industry Federation and board vice-
larger variants may become available later bespoke fabrication are very much company chairman of the countrys Chemical Industry
depending on demand. We do have a watchwords. If the regular model we have Federation.
1,000-litre composite IBC but we have seen does not meet the customers needs or wishes, I am very pleased to join Finncont and
that the 800-litre version sells more, he says. then we make some small changes to the be able to participate in building its future
Partly this is due to the fact that an 800-litre model, Raiskinmki says. In some cases we direction, he says. Finncont is a highly
unit will weigh a metric tonne when filled have even built a new product. valued Finnish company whose success
with the most common shipping liquids. Sometimes, these custom designs go on to is based on deep knowhow and excellent
More so, though, their lower height profiles become standard models themselves, such as customers. I am convinced that my diverse
enable better space utilisation when stacked one active container for the chocolate industry experience gives me a good starting point to
in a confined area, such as an ISO shipping or one of the fuel tanks that the company steer Finncont forward.
container. originally developed for the Swedish army.

IBCs March 2015 HCB

Heavyweight champion
Werit Kunststoffwerke specialises in
design Werit has the development of innovative products
developed a new IBC design mainly made of plastics in areas
such industrial packaging and domestic
to enable shippers to move engineering. Werit is a Europe-wide
high-density products safely manufacturer of IBC and canisters for the
transport of hazardous goods as well as
and efficiently plastic pallets for the food industry. The
TOPline model expands its diversified
product range and continues the companys
focus on quality and safety, it says.
Germany-headquartered Werit has This performance of Werits industrial
introduced what it says is the first packaging enables our customers to
intermediate bulk container (IBC) on the transport a more demanding range of liquids
European market capable of handling in a safe and secure manner, states Kevin
liquids with a specific gravity of 2.4. The Hunt, head of sales at Werit UK Ltd.
innovation will allow the regions shippers
to move liquids that are beyond the standard
density securely and in compliance with
UN requirements.
The TOPline IBC is, Werit says, the Did you know you can Yes, and theyll
get the HCB magazine FREE
first IBC to obtain UN approval for use
with dyes, acids, varnishes, foodstuffs or even post you a
other special solutions with a high specific
gravity. In order to obtain the approval, the
on your tablet? hard copy
design went through a list of tests to ensure
it can withstand the additional stresses
imposed by the ladings.
Firstly, the plastics container was
filled and stored for six months to expose
the packaging to any potential damage
from the liquid itself. After this period of
conditioning, the IBC was cleaned of all the
residues from the original charge, then filled
with water and antifreeze. Within 48 hours,
the mixture was cooled down to 20C and
then dropped from a height of 2.4 metres,
compared to a drop height of 1.9 metres for
conventional IBCs. After that, the IBC was
submitted to the usual leak test, vibration
test, lifting and stacking tests and a
hydraulic internal pressure test to 100 kPa.
Outstanding test results were achieved
due to the design of the Werit TOPline
IBC, the company says. With this Go to Google Play or iTunes to access
innovation, Werit is the pioneer in offering
an approved IBC that can handle extreme
the monthly magazine app.
Or to subscribe to HCB, email

HCB March 2015 IBCs

packaging news Output from major composite IBC producers worldwide

<750 l 750-999 l 1,000-1,999 l 2,000 l+
Custom Metalcraft reports good Argentina Industrias Termoplasticas l
Argentinas (+54 2323) 497 596
Australia Dex Australia (+61 2) 9638 4071 l l l l
Missouri-based Custom Metalcraft reports
Schtz (+61 8) 9336 2688 l l l l
that it has seen steady 10 per cent growth Trans-Tainer (+61 8) 8363 9799 l
over the past 12 months, with most of this VIP Packaging (+61 2) 9876 4822 l
growth coming from requests for custom Belgium Linpac Allibert (+32 6) 789 3790 l l
intermediate bulk container (IBC) designs Brazil Greif (+55 11) 5694 9744 l
for custom products. It has also witnessed Mauser do Brasil (+55 11) 2168 0064 l
big growth for IBCs from the automotive Schtz Vasitex (+55 11) 2436 3760 l
industry and for consumer liquids and Canada Hawman Container (+1 705) 424 2196 l l
chemical blending. While the company has Promens (+1 705) 324 6701 l l l l
seen a large decline from the oil exploration China Fanshun Mauser (+86 21) 5098 9982 l
Greif (+86 21) 6712 0088 l
[industry] due to the less expensive drum of
Schtz (+86 21) 6712 0777 l
oil, it nevertheless expects the price of oil to
Denmark Horsens Emballage (+45) 7560 2744 l
recover and thus oil exploration will be back Promens (+45) 4497 5133 l l l l
to normal by the end of 2015, it says. Finland Finncont (+358 3) 485 411 l l
At the same time, the company reports Kaucon (+358 1) 373 2332 l l l
that it is seeing more customers wanting to France Linpac Allibert (+33 1) 4120 0995 l l
go more green, something that is further MaschioPack France (+32 473) 876 850 l
adding to the attractiveness of its IBCs. As Mauser France (+33 1) 4940 7800 l
we know, a stainless steel IBC will perform Promens (+33 3) 8969 2000 l l l l
very well for over 20 years thus the reuse Schtz (+33 1) 6980 5000 l l l
value is very good. Sotralentz (+33 3) 8801 6800 l l
Werit (+33 3) 885 41020 l l l
Over the past year, the company has
Germany Auer Packaging (+49 8075) 9133 320 l
further broadened its already extensive
Greif (+49 2234) 701 5265 l
array of IBC designs, which encompasses Hessentaler Container (+49 791) 40700 l l l
all-plastics models in addition to its flagship Linpac Allibert (+49 6108) 979 116 l l
metal systems. We are proud of our new MaschioPack (+49 2431) 948 480 l
Meter Cube IBC, which is designed similar Mauser (+49 2232) 781 000 l
to the IBCs used in Europe, the company Promens (+49 6205) 20990 l l l l
says, explaining that this particular unit has a Rikutec (+49 2681) 954 618 l
footprint of 1,000 mm x 1,000 mm and holds Schtz (+49 2626) 770 l l l
1,000 litres of liquid. We have also introduced Werit (+49 2681) 80701 l l l
our square IBC design into many new markets India Sintex Industries (+91 2) 688 9449 l
Time Technoplast (+91 22) 2857 0302 l
that have been round product-dominated in the
Indonesia Novo Complast (+62 21) 3333 7510 l l
past. Because of the easy stacking of a square
Schtz (+62 21) 2961 8080 l l l
design our customers have been very happy Ireland Schtz (+353) 963 3044 l
with the floor space utilisation. Israel Mobilak (+972 8) 852 1580 l l l
The company has also launched a Italy Conplax (+39 035) 419 6111 l
new parts group to better serve its IBC Greif (+39 035) 499 4611 l
customers. By having a dedicated parts Linpac Allibert (+39 011) 397 5759 l l
group, we have been able to better service Maschio (+39 02) 9096 9218 l
our customers needs and better meet their Mauser Italia (+39 02) 909 3651 l
quick requirements. This parts group has been Schtz (+39 030) 977 1611 l l l
working very closely with many IBC cleaning Japan Kodama Plastics (+81 584) 274 141 l
Sanko (+81 58) 327 3596 l
facilities within the US. We are hearing
Schtz (+81 463) 228 120 l
from these cleaning facilities that Custom
Malaysia ISC (+60 3) 3168 1481 l l
Metalcraft has enabled them to reduce their Schtz (+60 6) 798 0899 l l l l
inventory and eliminate their returns on their Mexico Envases y Laminados (+52 55) 5888 0899 l
daily parts requirements. Mauser Int. Mexico (+52 722) 216 0875 l

IBCs March 2015 HCB

<750 l 750-999 l 1,000-1,999 l 2,000 l+

Matcon to open Singapore site Netherlands Linpac Allibert (+32 67) 893790 l l
IDEX-owned metal intermediate bulk Mauser (+31 162) 483700 l
container (IBC) manufacturer Matcon is Schtz (+31 168) 334 600 l l l
looking to expand its presence on the south- Norway Schtz (+47) 6282 2750 l
east Asian market through the opening of Poland Mauser (+48 513) 347050 l
a new facility in East Jurong, Singapore. Promens (+48 22) 779 4014 l l l
In line with this, Dave Newell will be Schtz (+48 22) 846 3405 l l l
relocating to the new facility to head sales Werit (+48 71) 336 2595 l l l
Portugal Linpac Allibert (+34 93) 574 3529 l l
and business development there.
Teka Containers (+351 234) 329 500 l
This move demonstrates our very
Russia Greif (+7 495) 933 5947 l
strong commitment to supporting existing South Africa Megapak (+27 31) 701 1581 l
and future customers in this significant Paradigm Packaging (+27 31) 791 0365 l
region, Matcon says, adding that local South Korea Clover Chemical (+82 8) 735 7575 l
technical service support and a full scale DongWoo IBC Korea (+82 31) 671 3353 l
test facility will follow. While Matcon Spain Linpac Allibert (+34 93) 574 3529 l l
Pacific will close its New South Wales MaschioPack Iberica (+34 977) 524 318 l
facility, Matcon will continue to maintain Mauser Reyde Iberica (+34 93) 478 7600 l
[its] presence in Australia, supporting Schtz (+34 902) 160 693 l l l
existing and future clients in both Australia Werit (+34 938) 402 256 l l l
Sweden Greif (+46 346) 714 600 l
and New Zealand.
Taiwan Yung Hsin Contain Ind. (+886 3) 5978 918 l l
Thailand Pack Delta (+66 2705) 41002 l l
Turkey Deren Ambalaj (+90 212) 241 6023 l
Flexicon celebrates in style Mauser Turkey (+90 262) 655 6060 l
Flexible intermediate bulk container (FIBC) UK Francis Ward (+44 1274) 707 030 l l l
handling equipment specialist Flexicon Gem Plastics (+44 191) 501 4800 l l
has marked its 40th anniversary with Linpac Allibert (+44 121) 506 0100 l l
the completion of an 8,500 m2 building Mailbox Mouldings (+44 161) 330 5577 l l l l
envelope that doubles the size of its US Matcon (+44 1608) 651 666 l l l l
headquarters. Mauser UK (+44 1706) 754 980 l
With walls, roof and floor now complete PD Rotomouldings (+44 1691) 659 905 l l l l
Schtz UK (+44 1909) 478 863 l l l
and mechanical systems underway, we
Solitec (+44 1453) 828 727 l l l l
are on track to fully occupy the space by
Werit (+44 161) 776 1414 l l l
March of this year, says company president USA Granger Plastics (+1 513) 424 1955 l
David Gill. Doubling the size of our Greif (+1 740) 549 6000 l
US headquarters is a fitting way to mark Hoover CS North America (+1 800) 844 8683 l l l l
Flexicons anniversary and exponential IBC North America (+1 248) 625 8700 l l l l
growth. MaschioPack (+1 843) 290 7811 l
Founded by William S Gill, Flexicon Mauser (+1 908) 203 9500 l
today holds 36 patents in 13 countries and Poly Processing (+1 866) 590 6845 l l
has operations in the UK, Australia, South Promens (+1 630) 293 0303 l l l
Africa, Chile and Singapore. Together, Schtz (+1 908) 526 6161 l l l

these sites produce hundreds of models
of flexible screw conveyors, tubular cable Output from major plastics IBC producers worldwide
conveyors, pneumatic conveying systems, <750 l 750-999 l 1,000-1,999 l 2,000 l+
FIBC dischargers, conditioners and fillers, Australia Matcon Pacific (+71 2) 9892 4822 l l l l
bag dump stations, drum/box/container Belgium Linpac Allibert (+32 6) 789 3790 l l l
dumpers and weigh batching systems. At the Canada Promens (+1 705) 324 6701 l l l
Denmark Promens (+45) 4497 5133 l l l
same time, a separate Project Engineering
Finland Finncont (+358 3) 485 411 l l l
Division manages large-scale bulk handling
France Linpac Allibert (+33 1) 4120 0995 l l l
projects across the chemical, mineral, Matcon France (+33 3) 8989 7502 l l l l
food, dairy and pharmaceutical industries Promens (+33 3) 8969 2000 l l l
worldwide. Germany Hessentaler Container (+49 791) 40700 l l l

HCB March 2015 IBCs

<750 l 750-999 l 1,000-1,999 l 2,000 l+

Linpac Allibert (+49 6108) 979 116 l l l RPC unleashes new jerrycan
Matcon (+49 7621) 970 610 l l l l RPC UKSC has unveiled a new 5-litre co-
Promens (+49 6205) 20990 l l l extruded blow-moulded jerrycan specially
Rikutec (+49 2681) 954 618 l designed for the chemicals and solvents
Italy Linpac Allibert (+39 011) 397 5759 l l l markets. Based on the companys Compact
Netherlands Linpac Allibert (+32 67) 893 790 l l l container design, the new system, RPC
Matcon (+31 23) 510 1080 l l l l says, features a nylon barrier material
Promens (+31 570) 660 706 l l l
that prevents the migration of solvents and
Portugal Linpac Allibert (+34 93) 574 3529 l l l
ensures a permanent barrier performance
Spain Linpac Allibert (+34 93) 574 3529 l l l
UK Bison IBC (+44 1623) 798 271 l l l l with no breakdown in effectiveness as a
Francis Ward (+44 1274) 707 030 l result of abrasion borne of the units filling
Linpac Allibert (+44 121) 506 0100 l l l contents. Meanwhile, the 38-mm tamper-
Matcon (+44 1608) 651 666 l l l l evident cap from RPC Containers Halstead
PD Rotomouldings (+44 1691) 659 905 l l l can be specified with PET-faced EPE or
Tycon Container (+44 161) 223 5252 l l l l IHS wad options to deliver complete barrier
USA Custom Metalcraft (+1 417) 862 0707 l protection.
Edlon (+1 800) 753 3566 l l l
Furthermore, the lightweight pack offers
Enpac (+1 440) 975 0070 l l l
ease of handling and pouring combined
Hoover CS MH (+1 800) 844 8683 l l l l
Natl Packaging (+1 800) 526 3786 l l l l with a robust construction that delivers
Poly Processing (+1 866) 590 6845 l l good chemical- and stress-crack-resistant
Promens (+1 630) 293 0303 l l performance. A feature of the co-extrusion
Remcon Plastics (+1 800) 874 7793 l l l manufacturing process is that the handle is
Snyder Industries (+1 402) 467 5221 l l l l divorced from the container, which helps
Output from major metal IBC producers worldwide to ensure almost complete evacuation of
<750 l 750-999 l 1,000-1,999 l 2,000 l+ the container with minimum residues. As
Australia Buschutz Engineering (+61 8) 8581 1073 l l l l a result, the company continues, the new
Trans-Tainer (+61 8) 8363 9799 l l l l container provides a modern and cost-
Canada Hawman Container (+1 705) 424 2196 l l effective alternative to the traditional tin
Stelfab Niagara (+1 905) 356 8683 l l l l for solvent-based products, with the added
China CCPM (+86 512) 5268 8171 l l l l benefits of no corrosion and a high resistance
Denmark Horsens Emballage (+45) 7560 2744 l
to denting during handling.
Finland Finncont (+358 3) 485 411 l l l l
Suitable for both retail and business-to-
Kaucon (+358 1) 373 2332 l l l
France Mtal Conteneurs (+33 2) 4749 2026 l l l l business markets with a large decorative
Nordtole Conteneurs (+33 3) 2721 6990 l l l l area for high-profile branding and product
Germany Contek (+49 36332) 2890 l l l l information, the new jerrycan can also be
UCON (+49 2771) 3950 l l l supplied with tactile danger warnings for
Werit (+49 2681) 80701 l l l individual products. Building upon RPCs
Italy Incon (+39 0183) 36237 l l l l experience in the design and manufacture
Japan Kodama Plastics (+81 584) 274 141 l of co-extruded barrier containers for the
Nippon Steel Drum (+81 3) 5627 2311 l l
agrochemicals market, the new unit is
Malaysia ISC (+60 3) 3168 1481 l l
currently undergoing UN assessment for
Spain Reyde (+34 93) 478 7600 l
UK Bison IBC (+44 1623) 798 271 l l l the free-standing packaging for group II
Matcon (+44 1608) 651 666 l l l l products with specific gravities of up to 1.2.
Pensteel (+44 1277) 810 211 l l l l This is another exciting development
Solitec (+44 1453) 828 727 l l l l in our standard containers portfolio, which
UCON (+44 1257) 460 095 l l l opens up interesting possibilities in new
USA Custom Metalcraft (+1 417) 862 0707 l l l l sectors, says Mike Winston, general sales
Greif (+1 740) 549 6000 l manager, RPC UKSC. The properties of
Hoover CS MH (+1 800) 844 8683 l l l l
the pack combined with our experience and
Matcon (+1 856) 256 1330 l l l l
expertise in this technology provide both
Servolift (+1 973) 442 7878 l l l l
Snyder Industries (+1 402) 467 5221 l l l l commercial and technical opportunities for
Titan IBC (+1 866) 294 4514 l l l l companies handling solvent-based products.

nos March 2015 HCB

not otherwise specified

Advertisers index Take the money and run
survey, and the prisons pumps had stayed
open till 2 am instead of closing at midnight.
Abfad 54 Prison fulfils many functions: it keeps When prison officers went to close up
Ateco 40, Insert miscreants off the streets, it punishes them for shop, they found the man and the days
Atreus/Kremsmueller Group 63
their misdeeds, and it allows society to take takings had gone. Authorities admitted
Cameon 24
a measure of revenge. It should also offer the afterwards that the guards had been
Carbovac 42, Bellyband
change of rehabilitation ideally, the prisoner negligent and that they would get around to
Cargo Training International 22
should complete his or her sentence a better fitting CCTV cameras.
CIMC Enric 83
person. But that doesnt always work
Concrete Canvas 69
Crane Composites 77
We were intrigued to hear of a prisoner Twas the dog that died
Dr Sthamer 43 who absconded from jail in Hyderabad, Heres another of those irresistible newspaper
Drger 17 India, last August. Press reports said the headlines: Nutella jar house blaze kills
Easyfairs 27 28-year-old, serving three years after being Twickenham familys dog. But its a sad and
Emco Wheaton 30/31 convicted of assisting his wifes suicide in serious story. Householder Declan Murphy
Emerson Process Management Cover, 28 2012, escaped after giving a slip to the was out at the time, celebrating his wedding
ENDEGS 57 guards. (Presumably that doesnt mean anniversary with his wife and their two
Fecc Annual Congress 91 he gave them a small piece of paper with a daughters. They came home to find their flat
Flotech 44 horses name on it.) He also stole Rs 68,500, on fire and their Jack Russell, Chilli, dead.
FMC Technologies 19 about $1,130. Firefighters found that the cause of the
Fort Vale 66/67, 78, 81, 89 On closer inspection, it seems there fire was low winter sunlight shining through
FPS Expo 84 werent many guards around at the time. an empty Nutella jar that one of the girls was
Freight Merchandising Services 11 Also, he was actually outside the jail. In using to store her loom bands (if you dont
Girard Equipment 75 fact, he had been working all day at a small know what they are, ask your kids/grandkids).
GPCA Supply Chain Conference 21
service station on the main road outside the The sunlight was magnified by the glass jar
GSI Training Services 22
jail, a facility run by the prison authorities to and set fire to the window blinds.
HMT 36/37
help ease the more trusted inmates back into London Fire Brigade spokesman Charlie
ICIS Chemical Shipping Conference 92
civilian life. Apparently he was one of two Pugsley (no, were not making this up) said the
men working the pumps that day. Business incident might sound far-fetched, but that there
Implico 32
Intermodal Asia 80
had been brisk as other service stations in have been 125 similar incidents over the past
ISA Automation Conference 25 the area had been closed for an unexplained five years. Its not an urban myth, he said.
John Zink Hamworthy 33
Kanon Loading Equipment IFC
Klinge Corp
HCB Monthly
The magazine for the international dangerous goods professional
Lion Technology 2
Motherwell Tank Gauging 55 HCB Publishing Ltd GLOBAL COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR
39-41 New Oxford St London WC1A 1BN UK Chris Cooke
Newson Gale 16 Registered in England & Wales, No 06908855 Email:
NT Tank 72 Publisher: Peter Mackay Tel: +44 (0) 20 7240 0314
OCV Control Valves 45, 47 Mobile: +44 (0) 7585 668 513
OPW Engineered Systems 48 EDITORIAL
Editorial Director Business Development Manager
Progressive Engineering 79 Peter Mackay Caroline Edge
RAM Intermodal 87 Email: Email:
RIPA Conference 70 Tel: +44 (0) 20 7240 8332 Tel: +44 (0) 7585 668 473
Scully 87
Associate Editor Production Manager
StocExpo 64 Brian Dixon Ralph Murray
Solventas 34 Email: Email:
Tank Connection OBC Tel: +48 61 2237 888 Tel: +44 (0) 20 7240 2627 70
TankLink 51 Angeline Radley Hazardous Cargo Bulletin is published twelve times per year by HCB Publishing Ltd.
Annual US subscription $543. HCB is distributed by Mercury Airfreight International
Tranter 53, Insert Email: Ltd, 2323 Randolph Avenue, Avenel, NJ 07001. Periodicals postage paid at Newark,
NJ. While the information and articles in Hazardous Cargo Bulletin are published
VCA Seminar Insert Tel: +44 (0) 20 7240 2627 in good faith and every effort is made to check accuracy, readers should verify
Mobile: +44 (0) 7585 668 494 facts and statements directly with official sources before acting upon them, as the
Werit IBC publisher can accept no responsibility in this respect.

Worldwide Quality Assurance 87 ISSN 0143-6864

TOPline UN-certified by WERIT

WERIT TOPline IBC offers the highest level of quality and provides IBC tailor made
maximum safety for the transport of your hazardous goods.

The WERIT QA system ensures that the high level of quality is

maintained. In cooperation with TV and BAM we are continuously WERIT UK Limited
expanding the list of special approvals with our TOPline IBC. We Darby Road, Irlam, Manchester
aim to become number 1 on the market for special and particularly M44 5BP, UNITED KINGDOM
demanding permits.

Ask for TOPline. We are happy to tell you more! Your IBC Team.
Phone +44 (0) 161 776-1414 / w w w. w e r i t . e u
packaging September 2014 HAZARDOUSCARGOBULLETIN