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Quantum

mechanics

FYSA21, FYSB01,
FYSB02
Introductory
lecture
Course plan
Aim
After completed course the student should have acquired the following
knowledge and skills:
To describe and use the basic properties of quantum physics, in the
form of quantum mechanics
To solve simpler quantum mechanical problem
To describe the basics of quantum mechanics and its experimental
foundation
To calculate numerically, with the help of standard software, the
properties of simple quantum mechanical systems
Before and after
Within the bachelors program

Physics 1

Atomic physics: basic QM, Physics 3


experiments and theory.
Electricity and magnetism. Physics 2 Atomic and molecular
Optics and waves. physics.
Quantum Solid State Physics.
mechanics Nuclear Physics
High Energy Physics
Mathematics 1
Analysis
Algebra
Activities
Seminars, A-hall Content McMurry
Mon. 8 Sep. A Classical physics trouble, quantum Ch. 1
Thu. 11 Sep. A postulates, double slit

Mon. 15 Sep. A Wave function, wavepackets, Ch. 2,9


Mon. 22 Sep. A Schrdinger equation
Thu. 25 Sep. A Bound states - infinite and finite Ch. 3
Mon. 6 Oct. A potential well

Wed. 8 Oct. A Scattering from potentials - step, Ch. 3


Thu. 9 Oct. A well and barrier

Mon. 13 Oct. A Operators, observables and Ch. 4


Wed. 15 Oct. M measurements

Mon. 27 Oct. A Harmonic oscillator Ch. 5


A 13.15- 17.00
M 08.15 -12.00
Seminar components

Traditional lectures Clickers


Presentation of course Diagnostics, preknowledge.
material on blackboard. Test of aquired knowledge.

Group activities
Information search and group Assignments
discussions. Things to do before next
Result presentations. seminar.

Quantum Physlet
Demonstrations, lecture.
Problem solving, computer.

Course literature
Quantum Mechanics, Sara McMurry
Complementary literature, e.g. G. Ohln, Kvantmekanik (swedish)
On the web: Quantum mechanics, introduction (youtube) , wikipedia,
Excercises
Parts of Emils hours.
Connected to lectures.
Four compulsory hand-ins.

Examination
Written:
- Only quantum mechanics, Oct. 30
Written/oral:
- Together with statistical mechanics, Jan.

Based on question sheet on homepage.


Classical and quantum physics
Classical physics Old quantum physics Quantum mechanics
Newton, Planck, Einstein, Bohr, Pauli,
Maxwell, Schrdinger, Heisenberg, .

time
1900 1925

All fundamental discoveries in Black body radiation Schrdinger equation


Physics have already been made Photoelectric effect Wave-particle duality
and subsequent developments will Atomic spectra Heisenberg uncertainty
be in the sixth place of decimal. Compton scattering relation
Michelson, 1894 . .

Important contemporary developments not in the course: Special and general


relativity, Radioactivity, nuclear physics and particle physics, .
Classical physics in trouble
Black body radiation Model of atom

Energy
emitted/absorbed
in quanta?

Photoelectric effect Compton effect

Light: waves
or particles?
Energy

continuous or quantized?
Black body radiation
Spectrum at different temperatures
EM-cavity

Good example of
black body
Raleigh-Jeans result
ultraviolet catastrophy
Bohrs model of the atom
Early models and experiments Rutherford problems

Bohr model

Rydberg formula
Light

waves or particles?
Photoelectric effect

Millikans experiment Equivalent data on Zn

Slope h
Emitted Ekin /eV
Incoming electrons
light

min
Compton effect
Electromagnetic radiation changes
frequency when scattering at e-

EM out

EM in
Need for a full
quantum theory!