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3 Emergency


The material covered in this document is based off information obtained from
the original manufacturers Pilot and Maintenance manuals. It is to be used
for simulation purposes only.

Copyright 2011 by Angle of Attack Productions, LLC

All rights reserved

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Table of Contents Table of Illustrations
Oxygen Systems Overview 3 Figure 3-1. Flight Crew Oxygen System Diagram 4
Flight Crew Oxygen System 4 Figure 3-2. Flight Crew Oxygen Mask 5
System Overview 4 Figure 3-3. Passenger Oxygen Mask Locations 7
Mask Overview 5 Figure 3-4. Passenger Oxygen Mask Diagram 8
System Checks 6 Figure 3-5. Emergency Lighting Diagram 10
Passenger Oxygen System 7 Figure 3-6. Loss of Both AC Transfer Busses 11
Emergency Lighting 9 Figure 3-7. Aft Flight Attendant Panel 12
System Overview 9 Figure 3-8. Exterior Lighting and Escape Slides 13
Interior Emergency Lighting 9
Exterior Emergency Lighting 11
Controls and Indications 12
Egress 12

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Oxygen Systems Overview
Oxygen systems are installed in the aircraft for the flight provide an uncontrollable flow of oxygen to the fire.
crew, cabin crew and passengers. Flight crew oxygen is The controls and indications for the oxygen systems are
stored pressurized in an oxygen cylinder. Oxygen for the located on the masks beside each crew station, and on
passengers and flight attendants is chemically generated. the aft overhead panel.

At typical cruise altitudes there is insufficient oxygen per unit

volume of air to sustain human life. The aircraft is therefore
pressurized to create a habitable environment.

In the event of cabin depressurization, supplemental

oxygen is required to sustain consciousness during an
emergency descent.

Flight crew oxygen may also be used in the event of smoke

or fumes in the cabin, as the flight crew oxygen masks may
be sealed completely, preventing cabin air from entering
the system.

The passenger oxygen masks combine oxygen with cabin

air however, so will be of little use in the event of fumes or
smoke in the cabin.

Additionally, in the event of a suspected cabin fire, careful

thought should be given as to whether to drop the cabin
masks. Once a passenger initiates the flow of oxygen, it will

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Flight Crew Oxygen System
System Overview
The flight crew oxygen system consists of quick-donning
diluter demand masks and pressure regulators located at
each crew member station, and other system components.

There are three masks on the flight deck; one for each pilot
and one for the observer station. These masks are fed
oxygen by a single oxygen cylinder that is located in the
aft electronic equipment compartment.

An access panel in the forward cargo compartment permits FO MASK/


maintenance access to the oxygen cylinder.

A pressure indicator is located on the aft overhead panel.

The pressure indicator shows the pressure in the crew
oxygen cylinder. CAPTAIN MASK/

The masks are located to the left and right of the captain Figure 3-1. Flight Crew Oxygen System Diagram
and first officers stations respectively. They are within easy
reach for quick donning in the event that they are needed.
They are designed to be donned and communications be
established within 15 seconds.

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Flight Crew Oxygen System (Cont.)
Mask Overview
The mask is removed from its stowage box by gripping the
red clips and pulling. Squeezing these clips provides an
oxygen flow to the mask harness, inflating it and
enabling it to be placed over the head.

When the clips are released, oxygen flow to the harness is

stopped, and remaining oxygen in the harness is vented.
This tightens the harness over the back of the head,
holding the mask to your face.

The mask regulator can provide either pure oxygen or

oxygen mixed with cabin air.

With the NORMAL/100% selector in the NORMAL

position, the mask system will provide a mix of cabin air
and oxygen. When the switch is pushed in, the system will Figure 3-2. Flight Crew Oxygen Mask
provide 100% pure oxygen. This mode would be used
in the event that fumes are present, as it provides pure
oxygen and thus would prevent fumes from being breathed

Oxygen may also be supplied under a positive pressure

flow. This is achieved by rotating the EMERGENCY/Test
selector clockwise. This will provide 100% oxygen under

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Flight Crew Oxygen System (Cont.)
positive pressure, and can be used to clear the mask of supply to the regulator, push and hold the RESET/TEST
fumes, or when at very high altitude where oxygen under switch while pushing the EMERGENCY/Test selector. Again
pressure is required. the flow indicator should indicate flow, and should remain
visible for as long as the RESET/TEST switch is held.
The NORMAL regulator mode is the usual mode when no
fumes are present, as diluting the oxygen with cabin air Each mask contains a microphone which is also tested
allows the oxygen supply to last longer. during preflight. The microphone test is conducted as
The mask should be stowed with the NORMAL/100% Set the MASK-BOOM switch to the MASK position to
selector in the 100% position however, to ensure that select the oxygen mask microphone for transmission.
100% oxygen is available immediately after quick donning. Push the FLT switch.
Push the SPKR switch so that audio is heard on the
Its worth noting that when you are wearing the mask, you overhead speaker.
cannot actually see these controls, so it is important to be
Hold the Push-to-Talk switch to the I/C position.
able to actuate them by feel alone.
Push the EMERGENCY/Test and RESET/TEST switches on
System Checks the mask assembly simultaneously.
The oxygen masks should be checked during initial preflight Oxygen should be heard to flow over the intercom, as
to confirm integrity of the system. The mask does not picked up by the mask microphone.
need to be removed from its stowage box to perform the
preflight check. Once checks are complete, the mask should always
be stowed with the NORMAL/100% selector in the
To test the system during preflight, push the RESET/TEST 100% position to ensure that 100% oxygen is available
switch and observe that the yellow oxygen flow indicator in immediately after quick donning.
the upper left of the unit shows. To check positive pressure

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Passenger Oxygen System
Supplemental oxygen is available for the passengers.
The oxygen masks for the passengers are located in the
passenger service units above the passengers heads.

There are four masks per passenger service unit. There is

one chemical oxygen generator per passenger service unit.
Pulling down on any one of the masks triggers a firing pin
on the chemical oxygen generator that starts a constant
flow of oxygen to all four masks.

The oxygen generators generate oxygen through a

chemical reaction by mixing sodium chlorate and iron.
Once started, the flow cannot be stopped, and is
constant to all four masks regardless of whether they are
being used.

Each chemical oxygen generator supplies oxygen to its

masks for about 12 minutes.
Figure 3-3. Passenger Oxygen Mask Locations
There are also chemical oxygen generators and
associated masks at the flight attendant stations and
lavatories. There is one generator feeding two masks at
each station.

Portable oxygen cylinders are also installed in the cabin for

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Passenger Oxygen System (Cont.)
both emergency and therapeutic use.

Just like the flightcrew oxygen system, controls and

indications for the passenger oxygen system are located
on the aft overhead panel. The primary flight deck control
for the passenger oxygen system is the PASS OXYGEN

Other than a hard landing, there are two principle ways in

which the passenger oxygen system can be activated. With
the PASS OXYGEN switch set to NORMAL, the system will
activate and the masks will drop from their compartments
at a cabin altitude of 14,000 feet. The oxygen masks can
also be deployed manually by setting the PASS OXYGEN
switch to the ON position.

The PASS OXY ON light will illuminate when the passenger

oxygen system has been activated. This light indicates that
power has gone to the oxygen deployment relays to open
Figure 3-4. Passenger Oxygen Mask Diagram
the passenger service unit doors and release the masks. It
does not confirm that the masks have actually dropped!
Illumination of the PASS OXY ON light will trigger a master
caution, and the OVERHEAD light on the first officers
system annunciator panel will illuminate.

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Emergency Lighting
System Overview Interior emergency lights include:
The emergency lighting system consists of lights mounted Exit signs
inside the aircraft, and lights mounted externally. Aisle lights
Floor proximity lights
Controls and indications for the emergency lighting systems
are located on the forward overhead panel.
Exit signs are located in the aisle ceiling, and at each exit
to show the location of the exits.
The emergency lighting system is powered independently
of the main electrical system. The internal and external
Aisle lights are mounted throughout the aisle below the
emergency lights are powered by battery packs located
stowage bins to supply lighting to the aisle area.
in the forward and aft entry areas, and on the cabin
Floor proximity lights are laid down the left side of the aisle
at floor level to guide passengers and crew to the exits.
The battery packs are recharged by the main electrical
system and take approximately 90 minutes to fully recharge.
Photoluminescent strips either side of the aisle are a
They hold enough charge to power the emergency lights
customer option to aid egress. These are mounted in place
for approximately 10 minutes.
of the electrical floor proximity lights.
The emergency lighting system is activated automatically
The photoluminescent strips absorb photons from ambient
when DC Bus 1 power drops below 12 Volts.
light, then re-radiate them over a prolonged period.
This emission of photons is visible to the eye in darkened
Interior Emergency Lighting
conditions most useful during an evacuation. Because the
Interior emergency lighting is installed to aid egress in an
photoluminescent strips are charged by ambient light, they
emergency. (Figure 3-5)
do not require power from the electrical system. They must

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Exit Signs Floor Proximity Lights Aisle Lights

Photoluminescent Strips


Figure 3-5. Emergency Lighting Diagram

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Emergency Lighting (Cont.)
still be charged by electrical cabin lights during turnaround
however. Detailed charging information is provided in the

On the flight deck there is a single emergency light located AC TRANSFER BUS 1 AC TRANSFER BUS 2
with the dome light to the left of the flight deck door that BTB1 BTB2

provides emergency lighting to the cockpit. This is also a

part of the emergency lighting system, so will only illuminate
when the emergency lighting system is activated.

With the Emergency Exit Lights switch in the ARMED

position, the emergency lights will illuminate automatically TR1 TR3 TR2

if power to DC Bus #1 is lost. Loss of both AC Transfer

Busses will cause the lights to illuminate, as DC Bus #1 takes TIE RELAY

power from the Transformer Rectifier Units which in turn are

powered by both AC Transfer Busses. (Figure 5-6) DC BUS 1 DC BUS 2

Exterior Emergency Lighting Figure 3-6. Loss of Both AC Transfer Busses

Exterior emergency lighting is also installed to aid egress
from the aircraft in an emergency. Lights are installed in the
fuselage to illuminate the escape slides, over-wing exits
and the area aft of the wing to aid visibility in the event
of an evacuation. The lights themselves are located aft of
each exit forward, overwing and aft.

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Emergency Lighting (Cont.)
Controls and Indications
There is a three position switch on the Forward Overhead LIGHTING
Panel that controls the emergency lighting. With the switch
in the OFF position, the system is inhibited and the NOT
ARMED light will be illuminated. Automatic activation of the
lights is inhibited with the switch in this position.
When capped, the switch defaults to the ARMED position.
In this position all emergency lights will activate
automatically when power to DC bus #1 fails, and if normal
AC power is lost as discussed before.

The ON position switches on all emergency exit lights.

The emergency exit lights may also be switched on

using the emergency exit lighting switch on the aft flight EMERGENCY VIEW
attendant panel in the cabin. This overrides the flight deck EXIT LIGHTING

control, and will illuminate the emergency lights regardless Figure 3-7. Aft Flight Attendant Panel
of the flight deck switch position. (Figure 3-7).

The interior emergency lights are designed to help
passengers locate the exits they will use to evacuate the

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Emergency Lighting (Cont.)
The exterior emergency lights are designed to assist
passengers once they have left the aircraft. A passenger
evacuating from the -800 variant has the choice of up to
8 emergency exits.

The entry and service doors are equipped with escape

slides. The slides have inbuilt lights that illuminate the
landing area.

The overwing exits are not equipped with escape slides.

The inboard sections of the wing are close enough to the
ground that evacuation over the trailing edge should be
safe so long as care is taken. Markings on the wings direct
passengers rearwards towards the trailing edge. One item
on the evacuation checklist is to set Flaps 40, which should
assist passengers in sliding down.

Egress from the flight deck is possible by using the flight

deck number two windows. To open the side windows,
depress the trigger and rotate the handle inboard
towards you. The window will move inboard and slide
back until it locks into the open position. Escape straps
are provided due to the sizable distance to the ground
outside the flight deck windows. They are located above
the pilots heads and are used to climb down safely. Figure 3-8. Exterior Lighting and Escape Slides

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