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7, 271-275

Available online at http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajme/1/7/24

Science and Education Publishing

DOI:10.12691/ajme-1-7-24

and SolidWorks

Pavol Lengvarsk*, Jozef Bocko, Martin Hagara

Department of Applied Mechanics and Mechatronics, Technical University of Koice, Koice, Slovakia

*Corresponding author: pavol.lengvarsky@tuke.sk

Received October 08, 2013; Revised October 17, 2013; Accepted November 07, 2013

Abstract In this paper are given basic steps of the modal analysis simulation. The modal analysis is carried out on

the titan cantilever beam. The cantilever beam is designed in the graphical environment of the ANSYS and

SolidWorks. The cantilever beam was fixed on one end and all degrees of freedom on this end were taken, beam

cannot move and rotate. Mode shapes and natural frequencies are computed in programs ANSYS and SolidWorks

with numerical formulation of the direct solver including the block Lanczos method.

Keywords: cantilever beam, ANSYS, SolidWorks, modal analysis, mesh

Cite This Article: Pavol Lengvarsk, Jozef Bocko, and Martin Hagara, Modal Analysis of Titan Cantilever

Beam Using ANSYS and SolidWorks. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering 1, no. 7 (2013): 271-275.

doi: 10.12691/ajme-1-7-24.

its dimensions. It is made of Titanium alloy: Ti - 5Al -

The modal analysis deals with the dynamics behavior of 2.5SN, with material properties E=1.103e11 Pa, =0.31,

mechanical structures under the dynamics excitation. The =4480 kg/m3, Rm=861e6 Pa, Re=827e6 Pa.

modal analysis helps to reduce the noise emitted from the

system to the environment. It helps to point out the

reasons of vibrations that cause damage of the integrity of

system components. Using it, we can improve the overall

performance of the system in certain operating conditions.

We know two basic methods of the modal analysis,

namely the numerical modal analysis and the experimental

modal analysis. The experimental modal analysis deals

with measurement input data from which a mathematical

model is derived. However, it has to take different levels

of analysis, from which the model is constructed. The Figure 1. Design of cantilever beam

main part of this analysis consists of determining the

curve FRF [1]. 2.1. Modal Analysis with ANSYS

The modal analysis for the cantilever beam Figure 1. is

2. Cantilever Beam executed by ANSYS Workbench Figure 2.

272 American Journal of Mechanical Engineering

2.1.1. ANSYS

analysis the direct solver including the block Lanczos

ANSYS is universal software, which is used on method is used. The first five mode shapes are shown in

simulation of the interactions in physics structures, Figure 6, Figure 7, Figure 8, Figure 9, Figure 10 and the

vibration, fluid dynamics, thermal transfer and first five natural frequencies are shown in Table 1.

electromechanics for engineers [7].

We can simulate with ANSYS structures and then test Table 1. Natural frequency of particular mode shapes

them in the virtual environment. Mode shape 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

ANSYS can import CAD data and sketch of the Frequency (Hz) 94.02 207.65 324.32 570.48 824.08

geometry. ANSYS Workbench is a platform, which

integrates simulation technologies and parametric CAD

systems with unique automation and performance [7].

The material properties are assigned to the beam and

boundary conditions are defined. The beams all degrees

of freedom on surface are taken. They are denoted with

the blue flag Figure 2. This condition prevents the

movement of the surface in a space.

Mesh on the beam is generated automatically by

ANSYS, while is used the spatial element SOLID187

Figure 4. The element is defined by 10 nodes while each

node has three degrees of freedom. The SOLID187 has a

quadratic shifting behavior and is suitable for modeling of

the finite element irregular mesh.

Figure 7. The second mode shape at natural frequency 207.65 Hz

in Figure 5. is created of 3200 elements and of 22459

nodes.

We can influence computational time of the analysis,

when a range of frequencies or number of mode shapes is

specified. The type of solver and the solution method in Figure 9. The fourth mode shape at natural frequency 570.48 Hz

American Journal of Mechanical Engineering 273

2.2.1 SolidWorks

The SolidWorks is engineering 3D CAD software for

Microsoft Windows. It has three degrees of function for the

needs of organizations. The SolidWorks Standard is

suitable for fast modeling, design in 2D and in 3D. The

SolidWorks Professional is the superstructure of SolidWorks

Standard. It improves of the efficiency and innovating with

solutions that are used by millions of designers. It contains

additional extension modules as Animator, PhotoWorks, etc.

The SolidWorks Premium is the most comprehensive

software. It combines the capabilities of the SolidWorks

Figure 10. The fifth mode shape at natural frequency 824.08 Hz Professional with simulations. The Part of the SolidWorks

Professional is the SolidWorks Simulation, which provides

2.2. Modal Analysis with SolidWorks basic simulation tools for testing stress, strain, analyzing

The modal analysis for the cantilever beam Figure 1 is the kinematics, dynamics and it simulations conditions of

executed by SolidWorks Figure 11. the real world [9].

2.2.2. Boundary Condition

in Figure 13 is created of 31358 elements and of 54977

The material properties are assigned to the beam and nodes.

boundary conditions are defined. The beams all degrees

of freedom on surface are taken. They are denoted with

the blue flag Figure 12. This condition prevents the

movement of the surface in a space.

Figure 12. Boundary condition

2.2.4. Analysis of Cantilever Beam

2.2.3. Mesh of Finite Elements

The modal analysis is carried out by SolidWorks and

Mesh on the beam is generated automatically by mode shapes and natural frequencies are also calculated.

SolidWorks, while is used the spatial element SOLID187 For this modal analysis the direct solver including the

Figure 3. The element is defined by 10 nodes while each block Lanczos method is used. The first five mode shapes

node has three degrees of freedom at each node. The are shown in Figure 14, Figure 15, Figure 16, Figure 17

SOLID187 has a quadratic shifting behavior and is Figure 18 and the first five natural frequencies are shown

suitable for modeling of the finite element irregular mesh. in Table 2.

274 American Journal of Mechanical Engineering

Mode shape 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

3. Conclusion

Frequency (Hz) 94.02 207.58 324.32 570.47 823.64 The model of the titan cantilever beam was modeled in

the programs ANSYS and SolidWokrs. In both programs

the equal mesh (SOLID187) was used, whereas in the

ANSYS it was automatically generated regular in the

SolidWorks it was automatically generated irregular. It

has resulted in a larger number of elements and nodes and

longer and more complex calculation. Then the modal

analysis of the titan cantilever beam was executed and the

first five mode shapes and their natural frequencies were

computed. Mode shapes of the titan cantilever beam are

identical for both programs. Natural frequencies are

almost the same for both programs. Numerical deviations

of natural frequencies were created by different

Figure 14. The first mode shape at natural frequency 94.02 Hz

arrangement of the finite element mesh, which was

automatically generated by the program. The program

ANSYS has better options of finite element mesh creating.

In Figure 19 are shown details and modifications of finite

element mesh, which was generated in the program

ANSYS. In Figure 20 are shown possibilities of control

and creation of finite element mesh.

Figure 17. The forth mode shape at natural frequency 570.47 Hz

Figure 18. The fifth mode shape at natural frequency 823.64 Hz Figure 20. Mesh control

American Journal of Mechanical Engineering 275

Acknowledgement polymrov pouivanch v domcich spotrebioch, Koice, 2000.

[3] TREBUA, F. - IMK, F. Prruka experimentlnej

This article was created with support of VEGA grant mechaniky, SjF TU, Koice, 2007.

projects VEGA 1/1205/12 Numerical modeling of [4] IARAN, S., Kmitanie a akustika. Ochrana loveka pred

mechatronic systems and VEGA 1/0937/12: The kmitanm a hlukom, STU Bratislava., 2001.

development of non-traditional experimental methods for [5] KOLOUEK, V., Dynamics in Engineering Structures. Praha:

Academia, 1973.

mechanical and mechatronic systems. [6] MEAD, D., Passive Vibration Control. University of Southampton,

UK: Wiley, 2000.

[7] ANSYS: Products, [online], <http://ansys.com/Products>.

References [8] SolidWorks: Products, [online], <http://www.solidworks.com/-

sw/products/10141_ENU_HTML.htm>.

[1] EWINS, D.J., Modal Testing: Theory, Practice and Application. [9] SolidWorks Simulation, [online], <http://www.solidworks.com/-

England: Wiley, Second Edition. 2000. sw/products/10169_ENU_HTML.htm>.

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