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Chapter 2:-

multiple integral
PART1:-DOUBLE INTEGRAL

double integral
DEFENITION

is some thing of the form

f ( x , y ) dA
R

Where dA is (dxdy) or (dydx)


And R is the region of
integration
Double integral gives the
volume under a surface
z=f(x,y) ,, just as the single
integral gives the area under a
curvec as shown below

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examples
2 3

1) Evaluate 1+8 xy dxdy


1 0

Solution::
2
x+ 4 x y

=57
2
[ 3+36 y ] dy
2
1

1

/2 1

2) Evaluate y sinx dydx


0 0

sinx y 2
2

dx = -1/2
cosx 2

0
2
2

Section2: double integral


evaluation. Over rectangular
region

Example:evaluate f ( x , y ) dA
R for f(x,y)=1-
6x2y and R: 0 x 2,,-1y1

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2 1

Solution: 16 x 2 y
0 1 dydx
2 2 1
y3 x y 1
2 2

2

dx 13 x 2 +1+3 x2
0 2 dx 4
0
0

Same result if we take (dxdy)


Example: compute the integral x y2


D

dA where D is a rectangle defined


0x2,,, 0y1
2 2 2 2 2
x y 0 2 y /2 0
1 2
2 y3 1
Solution: x y2 dx dy
0 0
1
dy 1

3 0

0 0

2/3
Section3:-double integral over general
region
Example: let R be the region bounded by
the graph y=x and [y=0,,x=4],,evaluate

2

4 e x 5 sinydy dx
R

4 x

4 e x 5 siny dy dx
2

0 0

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4
2

0 4 x e +5 cosy 0 dx
x x

2
40
2 ex +5sinx-5x =1.78 * 107

Example: evaluate 4 x +2 dA where D is D

the region enclosed by the curves y=x2 ,,


y=2x
Solution: x2=2x x2-2x=0{x=0 or x=2}
4 xy +2 y 2x x 2 3
6 x + 4 x4 x
2
2 2x
2
4 x +2 dydx 2
dx =8
0 x 2
0
0

Section4:-using double integral to find


the volume
Example: find the volume of the
tetrahydron bounded by 2x+y+z=2 and the
three coordinates planes

Solution: the intersection with coordinate


axis (1,0,0),(0,2,0),(0,0,2)
F(x,y)=z=2-2x
Now let y=0,z=02x=2x=1

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Now let z=0 only y=2-2x
1 22 x

V= 0 0
(22 x y )
dydx
1


= 0 24 x +2 x2
dx=2/3

Example: find the volume of a solid lying


in the first octant bounded by the graph z=4-
x2 and x+y=2,x=0,y=0,z=0

Solution:
F(x,y)=z=4-x2
Let x=0y=2,,x=2-y
2 2 y


V= 0 0 4 x2
dxdy20/3

Example: Find the volume of the solid


enclosed by the planes
4x+2y+z=10,y=3x,z=0,x=0

Solution: z=10-4x-2y
When z =04x+2y=102x+y=5y=5-2x
1 52 x
25
V= 0 3 x 104 x 2 y
dydx= 3

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