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Table 4B1 - Rating factors for ambient air temperatures other than 30C

to be applied to the current-carrying capacities for cables in free air

Mineral a

Ambient Thermoplastic
temperature c 70C 90 c covered or bare
thermoplastic thermosetting and
exposed to tOllch
70 DC

25 1.03 1.02 1.07


30 1 1 1
35 0.94 0.96 0.93
40 0.87 0.91 0.85
45 0.79 0.87 0.78
50 0.71 0.82 0.67
55 0.61 0.76 0.57
60 0.5 0.71 0.45
65 - 0.65 -
70 - 0.58 -
75 - 0.5 -
80 - 0.41 -
85 - - -
90 - - -
95 - - -

a For higher ambient temperatures, consult malluillcturCr.


than 30C

Mineral a

Bare and
not exposed to
touch
105 DC

1.04
1
0.96
0.92
0.88
0.84
0.8
0.75
0.7
0.65
0.6
0.54
0.47
0.4
0.32
Table 4B2 - Rating factors for ambient ground temperatures other than 20"C
to be applied to the current-carrying capacities for cables buried
direct in the ground or in an underground conduit system to BS EN 50086-2-4

Ground 70C 90C


temperat thermopla thermoset
ure C stic ting
10 1.l0 1.07
IS 1.05 1.04
20 1 1
25 0.95 0.96
30 0.89 0.93
35 0.84 (U19
40 0.77 0.85
45 0.71 0,80
50 0.63 0.76
55 0.55 0.71
60 0.45 0.65
65 - 0.6
70 - 0.53
75 - 0.46
80 - 0.38
Table 4B3 - Rating factors for cables buried direct in the ground
or in an underground conduit system to BS EN 50086-2-4
for soil thermal resistivities other than 2.5 K.mlW
to be applied to the current-carrying capacities for Reference Method 0

Thermal resistivity, K.m/W


Rating Factor for cables in buried ducts
Rating Factors for direct buried cables

NOTE 1: The rating /:lcIOl"S given haw bet:n avenlgec! over lhe range of conductor sizes and types
illclllrkd in the n:kvailitabics in this appendix. The overall accuracy of rating lilctors is within 5%.
NOTE 2: Tilt: rating 1:lclors art: applicabk to cables drawn into burit:c1 ducts. For cables laid direct
rating 1:.lctors Ill!' tht:rmal resistivitics less than 2.5 K.m/W will be higher. Where more precise valu
rt:lJlIircd lht:y may bt: calculated by methods given in BS 776') (I3S IEC 602il7).
NOTE 3: Tile rating /:lctor5 arc applicabk to ducts buried at depths of up to 0.8111.
0.5 0.8 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
1.28 1.2 1.18 1.1 1.05 1 0.96
1.88 1.62 1.5 1.28 1.12 1 0.9

conductor sizes and types of installation


ng lilctors is within 5%.
cts. For cables laid direct in the ground the
. Where more precise values are

o 0.8111.
Table 4C1 - Rating factors for one circuit or one multicore cable
or for a group of circuits, or a group of multicore cables,
to be used with current-carrying capacities of Tables 4D1A to 4J4A
Number of Circuits or multicor
Arrangment
(Cables touching) 1 2 3 4 5 6

Bunched in air, on a
surface, embedded or 1 0.8 0.7 0.65 0.6 0.57
enclosed

Single Layer on Wall


1 0.85 0.79 0.75 0.73 0.72
or Floor

Single Layer
multicore on a
perforated horizontal 1 0.88 0.82 0.77 0.75 0.73
or vertical cable tray
system

Single Layer
multicore on cable
1 0.87 0.82 0.8 0.8 0.79
ladder system or
cleats etc.

NOTE 1: Thl'se /llctors arc appl icable to lin i I"orm groups of c~lblcs, equally loaded.
NOTE 2: \-Vhere IHlril.lllltal clearances between acijacellt cables exceeds twice their overall diamet
NOTE 3: The saillc 1:lctors arc appliccito:
- gwups uf t\\'o nr three" single-core cables:
- lIlulticore cahk,;.
NOTE 4: II' a Systl'lll l"llilsists of both two- ~lIld three-con: cables, the total number or cables is take
l"lllTe"spolltiing l:lCtm is ap!,1 ied to the tables Cor two load"d conductors lor the two-core cables, a
Illaded Cll1ldllcturs fnr the threc-core cables.
NOTE 5: II a grullp Cllflsists 1l11I single-core eabks it Illay cither be cllilsidered as 1112 cilcuits or
of three loaded conductors.
NOTE 6: Thl' raling Il\l'tl)rs given have becn avcraged ovcr the range of conductOl" sizes and types
4D I A to -1.1-1.'\ thc llVerail accuracy of tabulated \';liues is within 5%.
NOTE 7: Fnr SOIllC installations and I'or Dthcr Illcthods \lut provided for in the above table. it may b
calculated for spccilic C:lses, sec 101' e:\:1mplc -Llbles -IC-I and-lC5.
NOTE 8: When cables having di/Tcring conductor operating temperature are grouped together, the
the ](l\HSt opl'rating telllperature or any cable in the group.
NOTE 9: If. dUl' to known lljlerat illg et)l1dilions. a cable is expected to carry not mOIe than 30 % o
ignore'd I;x the purpose of Obtaining the' l"ating factor for the rcst of the group.
For example. :1 group of N loaded e:lbks would normally require a group rating factor of Cg applied
Howc\cr. if !\'I cabie's in the group carry loads \\'hich are not greater than 0.3 CgII amperes the oth
using the group rating raelllr corresponding to (N-i\1) cables.
f Circuits or multicore cables

7 8 9 12 16 20

0.54 0.52 0.5 0.45 0.41 0.38

0.72 0.71 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

0.73 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72

0.79 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78

their overall diameter, no rating factor need be applied.

mber or cables is taken as the number or circuits, anclthe


he two-core cables, and to the Tables for three

d as 1112 cilcuits or t\\'o loaded conductors or 11/3 circuits

ctOl" sizes and types or installation included in Tables

above table. it may be i1ppropriate to usc factors

ouped together, the curreIll rating is to be based upon

ot mOIe than 30 % of its grollped rating, it may be

g factor of Cg applied to the tabulated It,


CgII amperes the other cables can be sized by
To be used with current carrying
capacities, Reference

Methods A to F

Method C

Methods E and F

Methods E and F
Table 4C2 - Rating factors for more than one circuit, cables laid directly in the ground -
Reference Method D in Tables 4D1A to 4J4A
Single-core or multicore cables

Number of Cable-to-cable
c clearance (a)
Nil (cables touching) One cable diameter 0.125 m 0.25 m
2 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9
3 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8
4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.75
5 0.55 0.55 0.65 0.7
6 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.7

NOTE 1: Values given apply to an installation depth of 0.7 m and a soil thermal resistivity or2.5 K.m
are average values ['or the range of cable sizes and types quoted ror Tabll.!s 40 I A (0 4.14A. Thl.! p
of averaging. together lVith rounding on~ can result in sOl11e cases in I.!ITOrS of up to :I: IO'X,. l W
precise values are required they may be calculated by I11l.!thods giwn in I3S 776') (BS I EC 602H7
NOTE 2: In case of a thermal resistivity 10IVer tl18n 2.5 K.m/W the rnting l:.Ictors can. in gcneml. b
can be calculated by the methods given in BS 7769 (BS II:C (0287).
0.5 m
0.9
0.85
0.8
0.8
0.8

al resistivity or2.5 K.m/W. Thl.!se


40 I A (0 4.14A. Thl.! process
S of up to :I: IO'X,. l Whl.!rl.! IlWI"I.!
776') (BS I EC 602H7)).
ors can. in gcneml. bc incn:asl:d and
Table 4C3 - Rating factors for more than one circuit, cables laid in ducts in the ground -
Reference Method 0 in Tables 4D1A to 4J4A
i) Multicore cables in single-way ducts

Number of Duct-to-duct clearance (a)


Nil (ducts touching) 0.25 m 0.5 m 1.0 m
2 0.85 0.9 0.95 0.95
3 0.75 0.85 0.9 0.95
4 0.7 0.8 0.85 0.9
5 0.65 0.8 0.85 0.9
6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.9

ii) Single-core cables in non-ferrous single-way ducts


Number of s Duct-to-duct clearance (a)
Nil (ducts touching) 0.25 m 0.5 m 1.0 m
2 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.95
3 0.7 0.8 0.85 0.9
4 0.65 0.75 0.8 0.9
5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
s in the ground -
Table 4C4 -Rating factors for groups of more than one multicore cable, to be applied to reference
current-carrying capacities for multicore cables in free air-
Reference Method E in Tables 4D1A to 4J4A

Ambient temperature: 30 cC
Conductor operating temperature: 70 'T
Reference Method A Reference Method B Reference Method C
Conductor 2 cables, 3 or 4 2 cables, 3 or 4 2 cables, 3 or 4
cross single cables, single cables, single cables,
sectional Phase three Phase three Phase three
area ac or dc phase ac ac or dc phase ac ac or dc phase ac
1 11 10.5 13.5 12 15.5 14 -
1.5 14.5 13.5 17.5 15.5 20 18 -
2.5 20 18 24 21 27 25
4 20 24 32 28 37 33
6 34 31 41 36 47 43
10 46 42 57 50 65 59
16 61 56 76 68 87 79
25 80 73 101 89 114 104 131
35 99 89 125 110 141 129 162
50 119 108 151 134 182 167 196
70 151 136 192 171 234 214 251
95 182 164 232 207 284 261 304
120 210 188 269 239 330 303 352
150 240 216 300 262 381 349 406
185 273 245 341 296 436 400 463
240 321 286 400 346 515 472 546
300 367 328 458 394 594 545 629
400 546 467 694 634 754
500 626 533 792 723 868
630 720 611 904 826 1005
800 1030 943 1086
1000 1154 1058 1216
applied to reference

- - - -
- - - -

114 110 146 130


143 137 181 162
174 167 219 197
225 216 281 254
275 264 341 311
321 308 396 362
372 356 456 419
427 409 521 480
507 485 615 569
587 561 709 659
689 656 852 795
789 749 982 920
905 855 1138 1070
1020 971 1265 1188
1149 1079 1420 1337
0.115 0.013225
0.145 0.021025
0.03425
0.185068
311.1 MAXIMUM DEM 312 ARRANGEMENT OF LIVE 313

Earthing
Maximum No of Live Type of Live Arrangme
Demand Diversity Condctors Conductors nt General
1P 2W AC TN-C Nominal voltage
3P 4W DC TN-S harmonic distortion
TN-C-S nature of the WlTellt a
TT prospective short-circ
IT earth fault loop impp
Suitalbility for the req
The type and rating o
SUPPLIES installatio
314 DIVISION OF INSTALLATION
n shall be
divided
into
circuits
ominal voltage
armonic distortion
ature of the WlTellt and frequency
rospective short-circuit CUIWl1t at the origin of the installation
arth fault loop imppidance of that part or-the system external to the instaltation, Zc
uitalbility for the requirements of installation, including maximum de,including the maximum demand
he type and rating of the over current protective device(s) acting at the origin of the installation
ximum demand
C rating factoAppx 4, Sec 3
Ca rating fact Appx 4, Sec 3
Cc rating factoAppx 4, Sec 3
Cr rating fact Appx [ 1, Sec 3
Cg rating fact Appx 4, Sec J
Ci rating fact Appx 4, Sce 3
Ct rating fact Appx 4, See 3

I current (gcA 132.2


la current cauA Table41.1
Ib design curre
A 433.1.1
Ibk design currA Appx 10, Sec 2

Ic charging cuA A 721.525


Icw rated shortA 434.5.3
ld fault currenA 411.6.2
IE part of the A 442.1.2
If Fault CurreA 442.2.1

In rated curreTllble 41.3


Idn rated residTahle 41. I
Ink rated curreA ApJl!\ ID,
Ipf prospectiveA Appx 6
Isc STC short-circu A 712.433.1
It tabulated cA Appx 4, Sec
Iz current-carA 433.1.1
Izk the continuA Apf1x 10.
I2 current cau A '133.1.1

The llIndamenlal rule of protcclion against electric shock, according to BS EN 61140, is that hazard
shall not bc accessible and accessible conductive parts shall not be hazardous-live, either in lise wi
singlc- bult conditiolls.

(i) protection in lise without a fault (now designated basic protection) was referred to as protection

(ii) protection under fault conditions (now designateclfault protection) was referred to as protection

The following protective measures generally are permitted:


(i) Automatic disconnection or supply (Section 411)
(ii) Double or reinforced insulation (Section 412)
(iii) Electrical separation Ii.)!" the supply to one item oCcurrent-using equipment (Section 413)
(iv) EXira-low voltage (SELV and PELV) (Scclion 414).
411 PROTECTIVE MEASURE: AUTOMATIC DISCONNECTION OF SUPPLY

(i) basic protection is provided by basic insulation of live parts or by barriers or enclosures, ill accor
Section 4! 6, and
(ii) fault protection is provided by protective earthing, protective equipotential bonding and automa
in case of a fault, in accordance with Regulations 411.3 to 41 1.6.

411.3.1.2 Protective equipotential bonding


In each inslalla/ion 11111in protective bonding conductors complying with Chapter 54 shall connec
earthing termi nal extraneous-conductive-parts i nclud ing the followi ng:
(i) W;lter installation pipes
Oi) Gas installation pipes
(iii) Other installation pipework and ducting
(iv) CL:ntral heating and air conditioning systems
(v) Exposed metallic structural parts of the building.
Connection of a lightning protection system to the protective equipotential bonding shall be made
with I3S EN 62305.
Where an installation serves more than one building the above requirement shall be applied to eac
To comply with the requirements or these Regulations it is also necessmy to apply equipotential bo
sheath 01' 11 tcicCOllllnLlI1icMioll cable. However. the consent of the owner or operator of the cab
411.5 TT system
411.5.1 Every exposed-conductive-part which is to be protected by a single protective device shall
connected, via the main earth ing term inal, to a coml11on earth electrode. However, i I' two or mo
an; in series, the exposed-conductive-pans may be connected to separate earth electrodes corresp
prOlectivt.: devict.:.
411.5.2 One or more or the following types or protective device shall be used, the former being pre
(i) An [{CD
(ii) An overCllrrt.:Jlt protective devicc.

411.5.3 WhelT an ReD is lIsed for earth fault protection, the following conditions shall be fulfilled:
(i) Tilt.: d isconneetion ti IllC shall be that rcq ui reel by Regulation 41 1.3.2.2 or 41 I .3.2.4, and
(ii) RAXI(\n:O;SOV
where:
R;\ is thc Stlill 01' the resistanct.:s or the earth electrode and the protective conductor connecting i
parts (ill ohms).
1/\11 is the raled residual operating current of the RCD.
61140, is that hazardous-live-parts
s-live, either in lise without a fault or in

erred to as protection against direct contact, and

erred to as protection against indirect contact.

ent (Section 413)


or enclosures, ill accordance with

l bonding and automatic disconnection

apter 54 shall connect to the malll

onding shall be made in accordance

hall be applied to each building.


apply equipotential bonding to any metallic
or operator of the cable shall be obtained.
rotective device shall be
owever, i I' two or more protective devices
rth electrodes corresponding to each

, the former being preferred:

ons shall be fulfilled:


or 41 I .3.2.4, and

onductor connecting it [0 the exposedconductive-