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A

EXPLAINED
The worlds greatest
paintings explored
and explained

Van Eyck The Arnoln

Titian Bacchus and Aria

Hans Holbein The Am Robert Cumming


Previously published as Annotated Guides: Art
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Byron, Lord, 72 symbolism, 52, 65, 82 The Adoration of the Magi, 10-11

INDEX
INDEXX 102

Byzantine art, 11 Vanitas, 52-3 Giverny, 85


death masks, 59 Gleyre, Charles, 85
Degas, Edgar, The Dance Class, 86-7 gloves, symbolism, 81
C
Caillebotte, Gustave, 89
Delacroix, Eugne, 69, 72, 77
Delilah, 46-7
God:
all-seeing eye of, 98

Academies, 53
A Cain, 29
Calvinism, 52, 53
della Rovere family, 31
Demarsy, Jeanne, 90
The Baptism of Christ, Piero della Francesca, 18, 19
creation of Adam and Eve, 30-1
Adam and Eve: camels, 10 The Deposition, van der Weyden, 16-17 Garden of Eden, 24
expulsion from the Garden of Eden, 12 camera obscura, 62 Desfontaines, Abb, 65 Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 72
The Garden of Earthly Delights, Bosch, 24, 25 Canaletto, Arrival of the French Ambassador, 62-3 Dinteville, Jean de, 38-9 gondolas, 62
original sin, 16 candles, symbolism, 14, 68 Diogenes, 33 Gospels, 34
The Sistine Chapel ceiling, 30-1 Caravaggio, 47, 49 Dionysus, 37 Gothic art, 13, 34
The Tempest, Giorgione, 29 The Supper at Emmaus, 44-5, 53 Divisionism, 92 The Governess, Chardin, 64-5
The Adoration of the Magi, Giotto, 10-11 cards, symbolism, 65 Doges Palace, Venice, 63 Goya, Francisco de, 56, 72
Age of Reason, 68, 69 cats, symbolism, 81 dogs, symbolism, 15 The Third of May 1808, 74-5, 99
Albani, Francesco, 45 Catherine of Aragon, 38 Dominican friars, 13 La Grande Jatte, Seurat, 92-3
Alexander the Great, 32, 33 Catholic Church: Doric Order, 33, 70, 71 grain, symbolism, 67
allegorical figures, 50 Baroque style, 46 doves, symbolism, 13, 18 El Greco, The Burial of Count Orgaz, 42-3
Alps, 73 Counter-Reformation, 43 dragons, 14 Greece, Ancient, 22, 31, 60
altarpieces: England breaks away from, 38-9 Duval, Jeanne, 83 Grimm, Herman, 39
The Annunciation, Fra Angelico, 12-13 in Spain, 57 Grnewald, Mathis, 17
The Baptism of Christ, Piero della Francesca, 18-19 Cenami, Giovanna, 14-15 The Isenheim Altarpiece, 34-5, 98
The Deposition, van der Weyden, 16
The Isenheim Altarpiece, Grnewald, 34-5
Czanne, Paul, 85
Poussins influence, 50 East Anglia, 78
E Guernica, Picasso, 98-9

The Ambassadors, Holbein, 38-9, 53 Still Life with Peppermint Bottle, 96 Ecclesiastes, Book of, 40, 52-3
anamorphosis, 39
Andr, Ellen, 89
still life painting, 53
Still Life with Plaster Cast, 96-7
Eden, Garden of, 12, 15, 24, 30
egg tempera, 15
H
Halleys Comet, 11
Andrews, Mr. and Mrs., 66-7 Champfleury, 83 Egypt, Ancient, 92 haloes, 13, 45
anemones, symbolism, 23 Chardin, Jean-Baptiste-Simon, 53 elephants, 72 hands:
Angle, 89 The Governess, 64-5 Elizabeth I, Queen of England, 42 in Belshazzars Feast, Rembrandt, 49
Angelico, Fra, The Annunciation, 12-13 Charigot, Aline, 88, 89 England, 38-9, 66-7, 78-9, 80 in The Isenheim Altarpiece, Grnewald, 35
angels, 12, 18-19, 42 Charity, 29 Enlightenment, 69, 74 in The Oath of the Horatii, David, 71
The Annunciation, Fra Angelico, 12-13 Charles I, King of England, 47 Ephrussi, Charles, 89 in Samson and Delilah, Rubens, 46
Anthonite Order, 34 Chastity, 80 Epicurus, 32 symbolism, 14
Anthony, St., 35 Chatou, Isle of, 88, 89 Este, Alfonso d, Duke of Ferrara, 36 Hannibal Crossing the Alps, Turner, 72-3
Aphrodite, 22 cheetahs, 36 Eucharist, 44 Hapsburg dynasty, 58
Apollo, 32, 51 chiaroscuro, 44, 47, 48 Euclid, 33 The Hay Wain, Constable, 78-9
apples, symbolism, 45 Chloris, 22 Eve see Adam and Eve Heaven, 19, 42
apprentices, 48 Christ: The Experiment with an Air Pump, Wright, 65, 68-9 Hell, 24-5
architecture, classical, 12 The Adoration of the Magi, Giotto, 10-11 Henry VIII, King of England, 38
Arena Chapel, Padua, 10, 30 The Baptism of Christ, Piero della Francesca, 18-19 Heraclitus, 32
Argenteuil, 84-5
Ariadne, 36-7
Crucifixion, 16-17, 34-5, 74, 82, 99
The Deposition, van der Weyden, 16-17 Fall of Man, 30
F Herod, King, 35
Hesperides, Garden of the, 22
Aristotle, 32 The Isenheim Altarpiece, Grnewald, 34-5 fans, symbolism, 61 High Art, 69, 80, 82
arithmetic, 38 The Light of the World, 80 Father Time, 51 Hill, Captain Henry, 87
Arles, 94, 95 Stations of the Cross, 14 Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, 74 history painting, 59
Arnolfini, Giovanni de Arrigo, 14-15 The Supper at Emmaus, Caravaggio, 44-5 fertility symbols, 14, 15, 67 Hitler, Adolf, 58
The Arnolfini Marriage, van Eyck, 14-15, 56 chronometers, 52 ftes galantes, 60-1 Holbein, Hans the Younger, The Ambassadors,
Arrival of the French Ambassador, Canaletto, 62-3 Church of England, 38-9 figs, symbolism, 45 38-9, 53
The Artists Studio, Vermeer, 58-9 circle, symbolism, 19 figures, proportions, 54 Holland, 52-3, 58
Atlas, 37 classical architecture, 12 Flanders, 58 Holy Family, 10-11
atmospheric perspective, 55 Claude, 72, 73, 84 Flemish School, 15 Holy Spirit, 13, 18, 19
Augustine, St., 43 The Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah, 54-5 Flora, 22 Holy Trinity, 19
Aurora, 51 Clement IX, Pope, 50 Florence, 12, 20, 23 homo bulla, 50
Autumn Effect at Argenteuil, Monet, 84-5 Cleopas, 16, 44 flower symbolism, 99 Horatii, 70-1
The Awakening Conscience, Hunt, 80-1 Clio, 58 anemones, 23 horses, symbolism, 25, 98
clouds, 37, 63, 73, 76, 79, 84 lilies, 13 Houbraken, Arnold, 49
color: marigolds, 81 Hours, 23, 51

Bacchus, 36-7, 51
B color theory, 84, 92
complementary, 79, 84, 93
morning glory, 80
myrtle, 23
Hugo, Victor, 72
Hunt, William Holman, The Awakening Conscience,
Bacchus and Ariadne, Titian, 36-7 Divisionism, 92 roses, 12, 22, 61, 80 80-1
Bailly, David, 53 emotional impact, 95 flutes, symbolism, 52
The Baptism of Christ, Piero della Francesca, 18-19 Impressionism, 84 Folies-Bergre, 90-1
A Bar at the Folies-Bergre, Manet, 90-1
Barbier, Baron Raoul, 88
Barbizon School, 79
primary, 55
temperature, 85
color symbolism:
foreshortening, 20, 45, 49
form, simplification of, 11
Fortitude, 29 ignudi, 30
I
Baroque style, 44, 46, 56 blue, 11, 41 Fortune, 29 impasto, 15, 49, 94
bas-reliefs, 70 red, 47, 70, 82 Fountain of Life, 24 Impressionists:
bath of Venus, 25 white, 16, 29 Fournaise, M., 88, 89 Autumn Effect at Argenteuil, Monet, 84-5
The Battle of San Romano, Uccello, 20-1, 98 yellow, 94 frames, painted, 93 A Bar at the Folies-Bergre, Manet, 91
Baudelaire, Charles, 83 Columbus, Christopher, 39 framing devices, 55 Czanne and, 97
beauty: columns, symbolism, 29 France, 71, 72, 74, 76, 82 Degas and, 86, 87
ideals of classical, 23 comets, 11 Francis I, King of France, 38 The Luncheon of the Boating Party, Renoir, 88-9
medieval ideas of, 25 complementary colors, 79, 84, 93 Franciscans, 74 Industry, 50
The Bedroom at Arles, van Gogh, 94-5 Constable, John, The Hay Wain, 78-9 Franco, General, 98 Inquisition, 43
beds, symbolism, 15 Copernicus, 38 French Revolution, 71, 82 Isaiah, 12, 13
Beethoven, Ludwig van, 72 Counter-Reformation, 43 frescoes: The Isenheim Altarpiece, Grnewald, 34-5, 98
Bellini, Giovanni, 28 Courbet, Gustave, 85 The Adoration of the Magi, Giotto, 10 Israelites, 53
bells, symbolism, 81 The Painters Studio, 82-3 Sistine Chapel ceiling, 30-1 Italy, Renaissance, 10-13, 18-23, 27
Belshazzars Feast, Rembrandt, 48-9, 53 Creation, 30 fruit, symbolism, 25, 45
Bible, 13, 40, 55, 69 Cronus, 22
birds, symbolism, 81
The Birth of Venus, Botticelli, 22-3
crossbows, symbolism, 17
crucifixes, 38, 42 G James, Henry, 63
J
bitumen, 76 Crucifixion, 16-17, 34-5, 74, 82, 99 Gabriel, Archangel, 12-13 Janus, 50
blue, symbolism, 11, 41 crystal, symbolism, 14 Gaea, 22 Japanese prints, 86, 95
Boleyn, Anne, 38 Cubism, 97, 98-9 Gainsborough, Thomas, 79 John the Baptist, St., 18-19, 35, 42
books, symbolism, 53, 61 Cuenot, Urbain, 83 Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, 66-7 John the Evangelist, St., 16, 34-5
Bosch, Hieronymus, 30 Cupid, 46, 61, 80, 97 The Garden of Earthly Delights, Bosch, 24-5 Jordan, River, 18, 19
The Garden of Earthly Delights, 24-5 Curatii, 70 Garden of Eden, 12, 15, 24, 30 Joseph, St., 29
Botticelli, Sandro, The Birth of Venus, 22-3 Cyprus, 23 Garden of the Hesperides, 22 Joseph of Arimathea, 16
Boudin, Eugne, 85 Cythera, 23, 60 Gauguin, Paul, 94, 95 A Journey to Cythera, Watteau, 60-1, 88
Bramante, Donato, 33 Genesis, 30 Julius II, Pope, 31, 32, 33
bread, symbolism, 44 genre painting: Jung, Carl, 25
Bront family, 72
Bruegel, Pieter the Elder, 25
D
The Dance Class, Degas, 86-7
The Artists Studio, Vermeer, 58-9
The Awakening Conscience, Hunt, 80-1
Netherlandish Proverbs, 40-1
Bruges, 14
A Dance to the Music of Time, Poussin, 50-1
Dante, 11
The Governess, Chardin, 64-5
geometric composition, 50 Keats, John, 72
K
brushes, 57 Darius the Mede, 49 Gricault, Thodore, 72 Knobloch, Madeleine, 93
Bruyas, Alfred, 82, 83 David, Jacques-Louis, 50, 72 The Raft of the Medusa, 76-7
bubbles, symbolism, 50 The Oath of the Horatii, 70-1, 74, 76 Gherardini, Madonna Lisa di Antonio Maria, 27
Buchon, Max, 83
bull fighting, 98
death:
Father Time, 51
Giocondo, Francesco del, 27
Giorgione, 62 Lamentation, 35
L
Burgundian Empire, 15, 17 in medieval art, 24 The Tempest, 28-9 lamps, symbolism, 53
The Burial of Count Orgaz, El Greco, 42-3 shadow of, 38 Giotto, 30, 96 landscapes:

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M
Autumn Effect at Argenteuil, Monet, 84-5 musical instruments, symbolism, 25, 39, 52-3 drawing of The Mona Lisa, 27 The Supper at Emmaus, Caravaggio, 45
The Baptism of Christ, Piero della Francesca, 19 myrtle, symbolism, 23 Pre-Raphaelites and, 80 Vanitas, 52-3
The Hay Wain, Constable, 78-9 The School of Athens, 32-3 Still Life with Plaster Cast, Czanne, 96-7
The Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah, Claude, Realism, 45, 83, 85 storks, symbolism, 28
54-5
Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, Gainsborough, 66-7
N
Napoleon I, Emperor, 62, 71, 72, 74, 76
Rebekah, 54-5
recession, 84, 87
strawberries, symbolism, 25
Sun, 54, 73
The Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci, 26 Napoleon III, Emperor, 82 red, 79 The Supper at Emmaus, Caravaggio, 44-5, 53
Languet, Jacques-Vincent, 62 National Trust, 78 symbolism, 17, 47, 70, 82 Suzon, 90-1
Laocon, 37 Naxos, 36 Reformation, 39 swords, symbolism, 52
lapis lazuli, 11, 16 Nazis, 98 Rembrandt, Belshazzars Feast, 48-9, 53
Last Supper, 44 Nelson, Admiral, 72 Renaissance:
Latouche, Gaston, 91
Laurent, May, 90
Neoclassicism, 71
Neo-Impressionists, 92
Botticelli, 22
Fra Angelico, 12
T
Taglioni, Maria, 87
lay figures, 82 Netherlandish Proverbs, Bruegel, 40-1 Giotto, 11 tapestries, 13, 20
Lear, Edward, 81 Netherlands, 14-17 Leonardo da Vinci, 27 tempera, 15
Leo X, Pope, 33 New Testament, 12 Michelangelo, 30 The Tempest, Giorgione, 28-9
Leonardo da Vinci, 33, 39, 44 Nicodemus, 17 Piero della Francesca, 18 Tennyson, Alfred, Lord, 81
The Mona Lisa, 26-7 Nicolasito, 57 Raphael, 33 terra verde underpainting, 19
Lestringuez, 89 Nieto, Jos, 57 Uccello, 20 texture:
Lhote, Paul, 89 Nez, Andres, 43 Reni, Guido, 47 impasto, 49
Library, Venice, 63 Renoir, Pierre Auguste, 85, 91 in Monets painting, 84
light: The Luncheon of the Boating Party, 88-9 skin, 48
in Canalettos paintings, 62, 63
chiaroscuro, 44, 47, 48
O
oak trees, symbolism, 31
restoration, 26, 31
Resurrection, 42, 45
Theodore, St., 63
Theseus, 36
in Claudes paintings, 54 The Oath of the Horatii, David, 70-1, 74, 76 Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 54 The Third of May 1808, Goya, 74-5, 99
in Constables paintings, 79 oil paints, 15 Rococo style, 60-1, 66-7, 71 Thor, Thophile, 58
in Manets paintings, 91 Old Testament, 30, 40, 46, 52-3, 54-5 Roman Empire, 22, 31, 50, 70-1 Titans, 22
in Monets paintings, 85 oranges, symbolism, 15 Romantic Movement, 72, 82, 85 Titian, 28, 62
in Renoirs paintings, 89 Order of S. Iago (St. James), 57 roses, symbolism, 12, 22, 61, 80 Bacchus and Ariadne, 36-7
in Velzquezs paintings, 56 Order of St. Michael, 38 Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 65 Toledo, 42-3
in Vermeers paintings, 58 Orgaz, Count, 42-3 Royal Academy, 79, 81 Tolentino, Niccol da, 20-1
in Wrights paintings, 68 orthogonals, 21 Rubens, Peter Paul, 49, 57 Tree of Knowledge, 24
lightning, symbolism, 28 owls, symbolism, 24 Pallas and Arachne, 56 triptychs, 16, 24, 98
lilies, symbolism, 13 Samson and Delilah, 46-7 trompe loeil, 17
linseed oil, 15 Ruskin, John, 13 trumpet, symbolism, 59
London, 38
Longhena, Baldassare, 62
P
Pacheco, Francesco, 43
Turner, Joseph Mallord William, 54, 79
Hannibal Crossing the Alps, 72-3
Lot, Willy, 78
Louis XI, King of France, 38
Padua, 10, 30
The Painters Studio, Courbet, 82-3 Sabina, 71
S
Louis XIV, King of France, 46
Louis XVI, King of France, 71
paints:
oil, 15
St. John the Baptist, Sansepolcro, 18
St. Peters, Rome, 31, 33
U
Uccello, Paolo, The Battle of San Romano, 20-1, 98
love, 60-1 scientific analysis, 29 Salassians, 72-3 ultramarine, 16
Lunar Society, 69 Paphos, 23 Samson, 29 underpainting, 19
The Luncheon of the Boating Party, Renoir, 88-9 Paradise, 12, 16, 24 Samson and Delilah, Rubens, 46-7 Uranus, 22
lust, 24-5 Paris Commune, 82 Samuel Menassah ben Israel, 49 Ustinov, Peter, 22
lutes, symbolism, 39 Paris Salon, 64, 79, 82, 91 San Romano, battle of, 20
Luther, Martin, 39 Pater, Walter, 27 Sansepolcro, 18-19
lyres, symbolism, 61 Perrot, Jules, 87
perspective:
Sansovino, Jacopo, 63
Santa Maria della Salute, Venice, 62
V
van der Weyden, Rogier, 25, 59
anamorphosis, 39 Santo Tom, Toledo, 42-3 The Deposition, 16-17

McCarthy, Mary, 29
M The Annunciation, Giotto, 12
atmospheric perspective, 55
Saturn, 22
satyrs, 37
van Eyck, Hubert, 15
van Eyck, Jan, 25, 59
Madrid, 74, 75 The Battle of San Romano, Uccello, 21 The School of Athens, Raphael, 32-3 The Arnolfini Marriage, 14-15, 56
maenads, 37 La Grande Jatte, Seurat, 92 Schubert, Franz, 72 van Gogh, Theo, 87, 94, 95
Magdeburg Spheres, 69 recession, 84, 87 Schumann, Robert, 72 van Gogh, Vincent, The Bedroom at Arles, 94-5
Maggiolo, 89 The School of Athens, Raphael, 33 scientific experiments, 68-9 vanishing point, 20, 21
Magi, 10-11 Still Life with Plaster Cast, Czanne, 97 Scrovegni, Enrico degli, 10 Vanitas, 52-3
mahlsticks, 59 Peter, St., 42, 45 sculpture, 31 The Vanities of Human Life, Steenwyck, 52-3, 71
Mainz, 34 phallic symbols, 52 Sebastian, St, 34 Vasari, Giorgio, 26
Manet, Edouard, 56, 87, 92 Philip II, King of Spain, 25, 42 Seine, River, 84-5, 88-9, 92 Vatican, 32
A Bar at the Folies-Bergre, 90-1 Philip IV, King of Spain, 56-7 Selve, Georges de, 38-9 Velzquez, Diego, 37, 75, 91
Margaret, St., 14 Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, 14, 15, 17 Senegal, 77 Las Meninas, 56-7
Margarita, Infanta, 56-7 Philistines, 29, 46-7 sense and sensibility, 65 Venice, 28, 37, 50, 62-3
Mari-Brbola, 57 philosophy, 32 Seurat, Georges, La Grande Jatte, 92-3 Venus, 22-3, 46, 60-1
marigolds, symbolism, 81 photography, 81, 87 sexuality, 24-5 Venus Anadyomene, 23
Mark, St., 63 physiognomy, 48 sfumato, 26 Venus Pudica, 23
marriage, 14-15 Piazzetta, Venice, 63 Shakespeare, William, 37 Vermeer, Jan, 15
The Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah, Claude, 54-5 Picasso, Pablo, 42, 56, 96 shawms, symbolism, 53 The Artists Studio, 58-9
Martha, St., 14 Guernica, 98-9 shells, symbolism, 52 Virgin Mary, 29
Mary, Virgin see Virgin Mary Piero della Francesca, 93 shoes, 15 The Adoration of the Magi, Giotto, 11
Mary, wife of Cleopas, 16 The Baptism of Christ, 18-19 signatures: The Annunciation, Fra Angelico, 12-13
Mary Magdalene, St., 16, 17, 34-5 pigments, 15, 29 Constable, 79 The Burial of Count Orgaz, El Greco, 42
masks, symbolism, 59 plague, 34-5, 62 Courbet, 82 cult of, 13
Matisse, Henri, 96, 97 plants, symbolism, 19 David, 70 The Deposition, van der Weyden, 16
Mauclair, Camille, 61 see also flower symbolism Degas, 87 The Isenheim Altarpiece, Grnewald, 34-5
Medici, Piero de, 20 Plato, 32, 33 Hunt, 81 Voltaire, 40, 65
Medici family, 22 Pleasure, 50-1 Manet, 90
Medici Palace, Florence, 20 plein airr painting, 85 Titian, 36
Medusa, 77
Mendelssohn, Felix, 72
pomegranates, symbolism, 45
portraits:
van Eyck, 14
Vermeer, 59
W
Washington, George, 72
Las Meninas, Velzquez, 56-7 The Ambassadors, Holbein, 38-9 Silenus, 37 Watteau, Jean-Antoine, 66, 86
Michael, Archangel, 30 The Arnolfini Marriage, van Eyck, 14-15 Sistine Chapel, Rome, 23 A Journey to Cythera, 60-1, 88
Michelangelo, 15, 33 The Bedroom at Arles, van Gogh, 95 Michelangelos ceiling, 30-1, 32 Wealth, 50-1
The Dying Slave, 32 Las Meninas, Velzquez, 56-7 skin, texture, 48 Wellington, Duke of, 72
in The School of Athens, Raphael, 32 Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, Gainsborough, 66-7 skull: Westminster Abbey, 39
Sistine Chapel ceiling, 30-1, 32 The Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci, 26-7 anamorphosis, 39 wheel of fortune, 51
middle ground, 19, 21 Poussin, Nicolas, 54, 93 symbolism, 38, 52-3, 68, 82 white, symbolism, 16, 29, 34
Millais, John Everett, 81 A Dance to the Music of Time, 50-1 Socrates, 32, 33 wine, symbolism, 44
Miller, Annie, 80, 81 Poverty, 50-1 solar system, 38 wood-block prints, Japanese, 86, 95
Minerva, 33 predella panels, 35 Solomon, knot of, 20 Wright, Joseph, The Experiment with an Air Pump,
Ming porcelain, 12 Pre-Raphaelites, 80, 81 Spain, 42-3, 58, 74 65, 68-9
Minotaur, 36 primary colors, 55 Spanish Civil War, 98-9
Mint, Venice, 63 prints, Japanese, 86, 95 square, symbolism, 19
mirrors, 14, 56, 90
Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, Gainsborough, 66-7
proportions, figures, 54
Protestants, 38-9, 43
Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican, 32
Stations of the Cross, 14
X
X-ray photography, 29
The Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci, 26-7 Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph, 83 Steenwyck, Harmen, The Vanities of Human Life,
INDEXX 103

Monastery of St. Anthony, Isenheim, 34 proverbs, 40-1 52-3, 71


Monet, Claude, 89, 91
Autumn Effect at Argenteuil, 84-5
putti, 60-1
pyramid of hope, 77
Steenwyck, Pieter, 53
Stephen, St., 43
Y
yellow, symbolism, 94
monkeys, 93 Pythagoras, 32 still life painting, 53
morning glory, symbolism, 80 A Bar at the Folies-Bergre, Manet, 90-1
mountains, 73
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 60, 72 R The Experiment with an Air Pump, Wright, 69
The Governess, Chardin, 65 Zephyr, 22
Z
Muses, 58-9 The Raft of the Medusa, Gricault, 76-7 The Luncheon of the Boating Party, Renoir, 88 Zola, Emile, 83, 91, 97
music, 60, 80 Raphael, 37 Still Life with Plaster Cast, Czanne, 96-7 Zoroaster, 33

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pp1011: The Adoration of the Magi p41: Self-Portrait, Bruegel, Graphische Sammlung
FEATURED WORKS p10: Photograph of the Interior of the Arena Albertina/AKG
Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando,
Madrid
FEATURED WORKS 104

Chapel, Padua/SC pp1011: The Adoration of the


Magi, Giotto, Arena Chapel, Padua/SC p11: The pp4243: The Burial of Count Orgaz pp7677: The Raft of the Medusa
PICTURE CREDITS Five Founders of Florentine Art (detail, portrait of pp4243: The Burial of Count Orgaz, El Greco, pp7677: The Raft of the Medusa, Thodore
Every effort has been made to trace the Giotto), Uccello, ML/AKG Santo Tom/Joseph S. Martin, Artothek p43: Gricault, ML/AKG p77: Self-Portrait, Gricault,
copyright holders and we apologize in advance Self-Portrait, El Greco, HD Private Collection, Paris/AKG
for any unintentional omissions. We would be pp1213: The Annunciation
pleased to insert the appropriate acknowledgment pp1213: The Annunciation, Fra Angelico, Museo pp4445: The Supper at Emmaus pp7879: The Hay Wain
in any subsequent edition of this publication. Diocesano, Cortona/SC p13: Portrait of Fra p44: Portrait of Caravaggio, Leoni Ottavio, pp7879: The Hay Wain, John Constable, NGL
Angelico, Carlo Dolci, Museo di San Marco dell Biblioteca Marucelliana, Florence/SC pp4445: p79: Portrait of Constable, Daniel Gardner,
Key: Angelico, Florence/BAL The Supper at Emmaus, Michelangelo Merisi da Victoria & Albert Museum, London/BAL
t: top, b: bottom, c: center, r: right, l: left Caravaggio, NGL
pp1415: The Arnolfini Marriage pp8081: The Awakening Conscience
Abbreviations: pp1415: The Marriage of Giovanni (?) Arnolfini pp4647: Samson and Delilah pp8081: The Awakening Conscience, William
AKG: Archiv fr Kunst und Geschichte, Berlin and Giovanna Cenami (?) (The Arnolfini pp4647: Samson and Delilah, Peter Paul Rubens, Holman Hunt, Tate Gallery, London p81:
BAL: Bridgeman Art Library, London Marriage), Jan van Eyck, NGL p15: Portrait of NGL p47: Self-Portrait, Rubens, Uffizi, Photograph of Hunt, HD
HD: The Hulton Deutsch Collection Jan van Eyck, HD Florence/ BAL
ML: Muse du Louvre, Paris pp8283: The Painters Studio
MP: Museo del Prado, Madrid pp1617: The Deposition pp4849: Belshazzars Feast p82: Photograph of Courbet, HD pp8283: The
NGL: Reproduced by Courtesy of the Trustees, pp1617: The Deposition, Rogier van der Weyden, pp4849: Belshazzars Feast, Rembrandt van Rijn, Painters Studio, Gustave Courbet, ML/Giraudon
The National Gallery, London MP p17: Portrait of van der Weyden, Roger of NGL p49: Self-Portrait, Rembrandt, ML
SC: Scala, Florence Brussels, HD pp8485: Autumn Effect at Argenteuil
pp5051: A Dance to the Music of Time pp8485: Autumn Effect at Argenteuil, Claude
Front cover and inside front flap: Bacchus and pp1819: The Baptism of Christ p50: Self-Portrait, Nicolas Poussin, ML/ Monet, Courtauld Institute Galleries, London
Ariadne, Titian, NGL pp1819: The Baptism of Christ, Piero della Giraudon/BAL pp5051: A Dance to the Music of p85: Photograph of Monet, Bibliothque
Francesca, NGL p19: The Resurrection (detail, Time, Poussin, Reproduced by Permission of the Nationale, Paris
Back cover: clockwise from top left: The School of self-portrait), Piero della Francesca, Pinacoteca Trustees of the Wallace Collection
Athenss (detail), Raphael, Stanza della Segnatura, Comunale, Sansepolcro/SC pp8687: The Dance Class
Vatican/SC; Landscape with the Marriage of Isaac pp5253: The Vanities of Human Life pp8687: The Dance Class, Edgar Degas, Muse
and Rebekah (detail), Claude Lorraine, NGL; The pp2021: The Battle of San Romano pp5253: Still Life: An Allegory of the Vanities of dOrsay, Paris/Artothek p87: Photograph of
Supper at Emmaus (detail), Caravaggio, NGL; pp2021: Niccol Mauruzi da Tolentino at the Battle Human Life, Harmen Steenwyck, NGL Degas, Bibliothque Nationale, Paris
The Arnolfini Marriage (detail), Jan van Eyck, of San Romano, Paolo Uccello, NGL p21: The Five
NGL; The Deposition (detail), Rogier van der Founders of Florentine Art, (detail, self-portrait), pp5455: The Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah pp8889: The Luncheon of the Boating Party
Weyden, MP; A Dance to the Music of Time (detail), Uccello, ML/AKG p54: Portrait of Claude, HD pp5455: Landscape pp8889: The Luncheon of the Boating Party,
Nicolas Poussin, Reproduced by Permission of the with the Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah (The Mill), Pierre Auguste Renoir, The Phillips Collection,
Trustees of the Wallace Collection; The Third of pp2223: The Birth of Venus Claude Lorraine, NGL Washington, D.C. p89: Photograph of Renoir,
May, 1808 in Madrid: The Executions on Prncipe Po pp2223: The Birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli, HD
Hilll (detail), Francisco de Goya, MP; A Bar at the Uffizi, Florence/SC p23: The Adoration of the pp5657: Las Meninas
Folies-Bergre (detail), Edouard Manet, Courtauld Magi (detail, self-portrait), Botticelli, Uffizi, pp5657: Las Meninas, Diego Velzquez, MP pp9091: A Bar at the Folies-Bergre
Institute Galleries, London; The Garden of Earthly Florence/SC p57: Probable Self-Portrait, Velzquez, MP/SC pp9091: A Bar at the Folies-Bergre, Edouard
Delightss (detail), Hieronymus Bosch, MP/Joseph Manet, Courtauld Institute Galleries, London
S. Martin, Artothek; Las Meninass (detail), Diego pp2425: The Garden of Earthly Delights pp5859: The Artists Studio p91: Photograph of Manet, Bibliothque
Velzquez, MP pp2425: The Garden of Earthly Delights, p58: Portrait of Vermeer, Giraudon pp5859: The Nationale, Paris
Hieronymus Bosch, MP/Joseph S. Martin, Artists Studio, Jan Vermeer, Kunsthistorisches
Inside back flap: Photo of author, Damien Moore Artothek p25: Portrait of Bosch, Bibliothque Museum, Vienna/AKG pp9293: La Grande Jatte
Municipale, Arras/SC p92: Microphotograph of A Sunday on La Grande
p1: Still Life: An Allegory of the Vanities of Human pp6061: A Journey to Cythera Jatte, 1995 The Art Institute of Chicago, photo:
Life, Harmen Steenwyck, NGL pp2627: The Mona Lisa p60: Sheet Music, Mozart, AKG pp6061: The I. Fielder pp9293: A Sunday on La Grande Jatte,
pp2627: The Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci, Embarkation to Cythera, Jean Antoine Watteau, Georges Seurat, Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial
p2: The Artists Studio, Jan Vermeer, ML/Artothek p27: Portrait of a Woman, Raphael, Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin/AKG p61: Collection, 1926.224, photograph 1995 The Art
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna/AKG p3: ML/ Runion des Muses Nationaux, Paris; Portrait of Watteau, HD Institute of Chicago, All Rights Reserved p93:
The Painters Studio (detail), Gustave Courbet, Self-Portrait, Leonardo da Vinci, Biblioteca Reale, Portrait of Seurat, Ernest Laurent, ML, Cabinet
ML/Giraudon Turin/AKG pp6263: Arrival of the French Ambassador des Dessins/ Runion des Muses Nationaux,
pp6263: The Arrival of the French Ambassador in Paris
p4: tl: The Awakening Conscience (detail), William pp2829: The Tempest Venice, Canaletto, Hemitage, St. Petersburg/SC
Holman Hunt, Tate Gallery, London; tr: Bacchus p28: Portrait of Giorgione, HD pp2829: The p63: Portrait of Canaletto, HD pp9495: The Bedroom at Arles
and Ariadne (detail), Titian, NGL; c: Landscape Tempest, Giorgione, Accademia, Venice/SC pp9495: Vincents Bedroom at Arles, Vincent van
with the Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah (detail), pp6465: The Governess Gogh, Muse dOrsay, Paris p95: Self-Portrait,
Claude Lorraine, NGL; bl: An Experiment on pp3031: The Sistine Chapel Ceiling p64: Self-Portrait, Chardin, ML pp6465: The van Gogh, Muse dOrsay, Paris
a Bird in the Air Pump (detail), Joseph Wright p30: Portrait of Michelangelo, Jacopino del Conte, Governess, Jean-Baptiste-Simon Chardin,
of Derby, NGL; bcr: The Arnolfini Marriage Casa Buonarroti, Florence/SC pp30-31: The National Gallery of Canada, Ottowa pp9697: Still Life with Plaster Cast
(detail), Jan van Eyck, NGL; br: The Ambassadors Sistine Chapel Ceiling, Michelangelo Buonarroti pp9697: Still Life with Plaster Cast, Paul
(detail), Hans Holbein the Younger, NGL p5: p31: The Sistine Chapel Ceilingg (detail)The pp6667: Mr. and Mrs. Andrews Czanne, Courtauld Institute Galleries, London
t: A Sunday on La Grande Jatte (detail), Georges Creation of Adam (restored version), Michelangelo, pp6667: Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, Thomas p97: Self-Portrait, Czanne, Muse dOrsay, Paris
Seurat, Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection, Nippon Television Network Corporation 1995 Gainsborough, NGL p67: Self-Portrait,
1926.224, photograph 1995, The Art Institute Gainsborough, Royal Academy of Art, London/ pp9899: Guernica
of Chicago, All Rights Reserved; c: A Dance pp3233: The School of Athens BAL p98: Photograph of the Town of Guernica after
to the Music of Time (detail), Nicolas Poussin, pp3233: The School of Athens, Raphael, Stanza the Bombing, David King Collection pp9899:
Reproduced by Permission of the Trustees of della Segnatura, Vatican/SC p33: Self-Portrait, pp6869: The Experiment with an Air Pump Guernica, Pablo Picasso, Museum of Modern Art,
the Wallace Collection; b: Niccol Mauruzi da Raphael, Uffizi, Florence/BAL pp6869: An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump, New York/ AKG/ DACS 1995 p99: Photograph
Tolentino at the Battle of San Romano (detail), Paolo Joseph Wright of Derby, NGL p69: Portrait of of Picasso, HD
Uccello, NGL pp3435: The Isenheim Altarpiece Joseph Wright, HD
p34: Portrait of Grnewald, HD pp34-35: The pp100101: Glossary
p6: t: Bacchus and Ariadne, Titian, NGL; l: The Isenheim Altarpiece, Mathis Grnewald, Muse pp7071: The Oath of Horatii p100: l: The Arnolfini Marriage (detail), Jan
Arnolfini Marriage, Jan van Eyck, NGL; b: dUnterlinden, Colmar/Artothek pp7071: The Oath of Horatii, Jacques-Louis van Eyck, NGL; c: Netherlandish Proverbss (detail),
The Supper at Emmaus, Michelangelo Merisi da David, ML/ Runion des Muses Nationaux, Pieter Breugel the Elder, SMPK, Gemldegalerie,
Caravaggio, NGL p7: t: Las Meninas, Diego pp3637: Bacchus and Ariadne Paris p71: Self-Portrait, David, ML/Giraudon/ Berlin/ AKG; r: The Creation of Adam (detail),
Velzquez, MP; b: The Painters Studio, Gustave pp3637: Bacchus and Ariadne, Titian, NGL p37: BAL Michelangelo, Nippon Television Network
Courbet, ML/Giraudon Self-Portrait, Titian, MP/Index/BAL Corporation 1995 p101: l: The Creation of Adam
pp7273: Hannibal Crossing the Alps (detail), Michelangelo, Nippon Television
p8: t: Landscape with the Marriage of Isaac and pp3839: The Ambassadors pp7273: Snowstorm: Hannibal and his Army Network 1995; c: The Embarkation to Cythera
Rebekah, Claude Lorraine, NGL; l: The pp3839: Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve Crossing the Alps, Joseph Mallord William Turner, (detail), Jean Antoine Watteau, Schloss
Ambassadors, Hans Holbein the Younger, NGL; (The Ambassadors), Hans Holbein the Younger, Tate Gallery, London p73: Self-Portrait, Turner, Charlottenburg, Berlin/AKG; r: Autumn Effect at
b: Snowstorm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing NGL p39: Self-Portrait, Holbein, Uffizi, Tate Gallery, London/BAL Argenteuill (detail), Courtauld Institute Galleries,
the Alps, Joseph Mallord William Turner, Tate Florence/SC London
Gallery, London p9: t: The Third of May, 1808 pp7475: The Third of May 1808
in Madrid: The Executions on Prncipe Po Hill, pp4041: Netherlandish Proverbs pp7475: The Third of May, 1808 in Madrid: Additional photography:
Francisco de Goya, MP; b: The Hay Wain, John pp4041: Netherlandish Proverbs, Pieter Bruegel The Executions on Prncipe Po Hill, Francisco Philippe Sebert: p49: br; p64: tl; pp9495.
Constable, NGL the Elder, SMPK, Gemldegalerie, Berlin/AKG de Goya, MP p75: Self-Portrait, Goya, Real Alison Harris p97.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Authors Acknowledgments and dedication of the Dorling Kindersley team. In particular I would Dorling Kindersley would like to thank:
I am very conscious that one never ceases to look and learn. To those that like to express my thanks to Damien Moore and Stefan Morris with Dave and Jo Walton, Julia Harris-Voss, Phil Hunt, and Jo Evans
first introduced me to the pleasures of looking at art and who taught me whom I have worked most closely: whilst working with them I have for their invaluable editorial assistance. Mark Johnson Davies and
how to look, my heartfelt thanks. To those who generously share their seen a lot that I had not seen before, and learned a lot that I did Stephen Croucher for their timely design assistance. Ray Rogers
insights and knowledge, my continuing gratitude. not know. for editorial assistance above and beyond the call of duty. Elizabeth
(Robert Cumming) Eastman, Dierdre Gilbert, and Sandy Shepherd of The Readers
Digest Association (Canada) Ltd., and Laraine Newberry of Readers
Collaborative ventures are a notorious minefield. I would like to say Digest (Australia) Pty. Ltd. for their constructive observations and
that working on this book has been as much pleasure as hard work, proofreading. Hilary Bird for her highly efficient indexing service.
and I would like to pay tribute to the professionalism, enthusiasm,

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The Artists Studio

45 of the worlds great paintings brought to life

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