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MATERIAL POLIMER

3 sks/TL141366
Rabu 13.00 - 15.30

Amaliya Rasyida
amaliya@mat-eng.its.ac.id /amaliyarasyida@gmail.com
Office: MT219 / Innovative Materials Lab.

+6281331659791

+6281515153568

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


FTI - ITS
3rd week

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Learning Objective
Calculate number-average and weight-average
molecular weights and degree of polymerization
for a specified polymer

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Molecular weight
Definition

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Many polymer properties are
affected by the length of the polymer
chains
The same polymer material can have
quite different properties if it is
produced with a different molecular
weight

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Entanglement of polymer chains

(a) Low molecular weight (b) High molecular weight

The minimum molecular weight required


for good physical and mechanical
properties for many important polymers
is 25000 g/mol.
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
The same polymer from different sources may
have different molecular weight

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Molecular weight data for a poly-tetrafluoroethylene material
are tabulated. Compute (a)the number-average molecular
weight,(b) the weight-average molecular weight, and (c)the
degree of polymerization.

C = 12.01 g/mol
F = 19 g/mol

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Goal of making polymers make a
material with the ideal properties.

The longer the molecules (or the higher


the molecular weight) the higher the
entanglement forces

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE EFFECT OF MOLECULAR WEIGHT ON
PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Tensile Strength

Theories by Wool and others


more than 90% tensile strength
and other mechanical properties
are attained when the chain
reaches eight entanglement in
length

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Ductility
A higher molecular weight Increases how far the material can
stretch before rupturing (ductility)
The higher degree of entanglement allows the material to be
pulled further before the chains break

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Impact Resistant
A higher molecular weight Increases the impact resistance of
the material
The higher degree of entanglement means that in order to
rupture, more polymer bonds need to be broken, this means
that the polymer can absorb more energy before failing.

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Weather Resistant
A higher molecular weight increases the weather resistance of
the material
The chains are longer, so they can withstand more damage
before the mechanical properties will start to diminish

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Viscosity
A higher molecular weight Increases the viscosity of the
material makes it harder to process the material using
conventional methods
The longer the chains, the harder it is to get them to flow

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Chemical Resistant
A higher molecular weight Increases the chemical resistance
It takes more damage to the main chains of the molecules before
it will affect the strength of the material

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Different properties needed from the same polymer, polycarbonate.

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT