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# PHARCHEM 3 LECTURE

## PRACTICE SET: COMPLEX-FORMATION TITRATIONS

1. A 50.0-mL water sample was determined for hardness in terms of CaCO 3. It required 40.0-mL of
0.0100M EDTA solution for titration. Calculate the total hardness in parts per million (ppm) CaCO 3.
Molar Mass: CaCO3 = 100.1 ANSWER: 8.01 x 102 ppm CaCO3

2. A 50.0-mL sample was titrated with 40.0-mL of disodium EDTA. (Note: 42.5mL EDTA solution was
needed to titrate 0.08275-g MgO.) Another 50.0-mL portion of the water sample was treated with
K2C2O4 and the resulting mixture consumed 10.0-mL of EDTA. Find the hardness in parts per million
(ppm) due to CaCO3.
Molar Masses: MgO = 40.32 CaCO3 = 100.1 ANSWER: 2.90 x 103 ppm CaCO3

3. A sample of Al2(SO4)3 weighing 7.52-g was dissolved in enough water and diluted to 250.0-mL.
100.0-mL of the dilution was transferred to another flask, 10.0-mL of 0.050M EDTA, 20-mL of buffer
solution, 50-mL of alcohol and 2.0-mL dithizone TS were added. The resulting solution required
8.7-mL of 0.031M ZnSO4 to reach the endpoint. (Note: Each mL of 0.050M EDTA is equivalent to 16.66-
mg Al2(SO4)318H20). Compute for the percent purity of the sample.

4. The silver ion in a 25.00-mL sample was converted to dicyanoargentate (l) ion by the addition of an
excess solution containing Ni(CN)4-2:
Ni(CN)4-2 + 2 Ag+1 2Ag(CN)2-1 + Ni+2
The liberated nickel ion was titrated with 43.77-mL of 0.02408M EDTA. Calculate the molar
concentration of the silver solution.
Molar Masses: Ni = 58.69 Ag = 107.9 ANSWER: 0.08432M Ag+1

5. A 0.3284-g sample of brass (containing lead, zinc, copper and tin) was dissolved in nitric acid.
The sparingly soluble SnO24H2O was removed by filtration, and the combined filtrate and washings
were diluted to 500.0-mL. A 10.00-mL aliquot was suitably buffered; titration of the lead, zinc and
copper in this aliquot required 37.56-mL of 0.00250M EDTA. The copper in a 25.00-mL aliquot was
masked with thiosulfate; the lead and zinc were then titrated with 27.67-mL of the EDTA solution.
Cyanide ion was used to mask the copper and zinc in a 100.0-mL aliquot; 10.80-mL of the EDTA
solution was needed to titrate the lead ion. Determine the composition of the brass sample.
Molar Masses: Pb = 207.2 Zn = 65.37 Cu = 63.54 Sn = 118.7
ANSWERS: 8.517% Pb / 24.85% Zn / 64.07% Cu / 2.56% Sn