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# 16 Reinforced Concrete Design

Design of Slabs

 Types of Slabs

 One-way Slabs

 Two-way Slabs

## SURANAREE INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY SCHOOL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
Types of Slab

Ln = 3.2 m

Ln = 4.4 m

Ln = 3.6 m
Ln = 8.2 m

Framing Concepts

## Lets use a simple example

for our discussion

design project.

Plan
Framing Concepts

## We can first assume that

well have major girders
running in one direction
in our one-way system
Framing Concepts

## We can first assume that

well have major girders
running in one direction
in our one-way system

## If we span between girders

with our slab, then we have
a load path, but if the spans
are too long
Framing Concepts

## But we need to support the

supporting members
Framing Concepts

## We again assume that well

have major girders running in
one direction in our one-way
system.

## This time, lets think about

shortening up the slab span by
running beams into our girders.

## Our one-way slab will transfer our load to the beams.

Framing Concepts - Considerations

## Identify which column lines are best suited to having

major framing members (i.e. girders)

## Assume walls are not there for structural support, but

Example
Condo Floor Plan
One-way Slab


   

S
L

.0 m
1

Main reinforcement

## Design of one-way slabs is like design of parallel 1m beams.

Design of One-way Slab (L > 2S)



   1

L 1m w

S
S

## Simply One end Both ends

Cantilever
supported continuous continuous

## L/20 L/24 L/28 L/10

*multiplied by 0.4 + fy/7,000 for steel other than SD40
ACI Design Provision
Shrinkage and temperature reinforcement
For structural slabs only; not intended for soil-supported slabs on grade
Ratio of reinforcement As to gross concrete area Ag : As/Ag

## DB (fy > 4,000 ksc) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.0018 4,000 0.0014

fy
Spacing 5 t 45 cm

## Main Steel (short direction):

As 6 mm

Max. Spacing 3 t 45 cm

## Min. Spacing f main steel 4/3 max agg. 2.5 cm

Effect of column width
b b

A B
A B

L Moment at A:
wL2 wL b w(b / 2 )
2
w = +
2
wL wL2 12 2 2 2
12 12
b/2 wL2 wLb wb 2
b/2 = +
wL wL 12 4 8
2 2

## w(L b ) wL2 wLb wb 2

2
M = = +
12 12 6 12
Typical reinforcement in a one-way slab

## Top bars at Top bars at

exterior beams exterior beams

## Bottom bars Temperature bars

Exterior span Interior span

## Bottom bars Temperature bars

Exterior span Interior span

## (b) Alternate straight and bent bars

Example: Design one-way slab as shown below to carry the live
load 500-kg/m2 fc = 210 kg/cm2, fy = 2,400 kg/cm2

## 0.4 + 2400/7000 = 0.74

3 @ 8 m = 24 m
G1
A A min h = 400(0.74)/24 = 12.3 cm
S1 S2 S3

USE h = 13 cm
DL = 0.132400 = 312kg/m2
4 @ 12 m = 48 m

## wu = 1.4(312) + 1.7(500) = 1,286.8 kg/m2

clear span = 4 - 0.3 = 3.7 m
Mu = (1,286.8)(3.7)2/10 = 1,762 kg-m
max = 0.75b = 0.75(0.0454) = 0.0341
USE RB9 with 2 cm covering: d = 13-2-0.45 = 10.55 cm

Mu 1762 100
Rn = = = 17.6 ksc
bd 2
0.9 100 10.55 2

0.85 f c' 2 Rn
= 1 1 = 0.0077 < max OK
fy 0 .85 f '
c

L1 L1
4 3

## Detailing of one-way slab

Temp. steel
L1
8

L1

RB9@0.18 RB9@0.07
.13 .
RB9@0.10
1.0 . 1.3 .
4.0 .

RB9@0.18 RB9@0.14
 
#\$
.13 .
RB9@0.07
1.0 .  


 1.3 .
4.0 .
Design of Two-way Slab (L < 2S)

Min. Thickness:
S t 9 cm Perimeter/180 = 2(L+S)/180

Reinforcement Steel:

As 6 mm Temp. steel

Max. Spacing 3 t 45 cm

## Min. Spacing main steel 4/3 max agg. 2.5 cm

D C
Short span (BC):
45o 45o
S
Tributary area = S2/4 sq.m
45o 45o
A B
Load on beam = wS/4 wS/3 kg/m
L

## Long span (AB): Span ratio m = S/L

2 m sq.m
2
S
Tributary area = SL/2 - S2/4 =
4 m
wS 3 m 2 kg/m
3 2
Moment Coefficient Method

%&'
 %&'( %&'


-Ms
%&'
 S/4

+Ms
%&'( -ML -ML S/2
+ML

%&'
 S/4
-Ms

## Column strip moment: MC = 2MM/3

    
 ( C )
\$% 
\$%&
"# ))*+  m
1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5
 '&(
,
-('-/ )
  0.033 0.040 0.048 0.055 0.063 0.083 0.033
-/ 0 ))
  - - - - - - -
,
-'12(3) 0.025 0.030 0.036 0.041 0.047 0.062 0.025
 4 %%
5 6
67&
,
-('-/ )
  0.041 0.048 0.055 0.062 0.069 0.085 0.041
-/ 0 ))
  0.021 0.024 0.027 0.031 0.035 0.042 0.021
,
-'12(3) 0.031 0.036 0.041 0.047 0.052 0.064 0.031
 4 %%
5  6
,
-('-/ )
  0.049 0.057 0.064 0.071 0.078 0.090 0.049
-/ 0 ))
  0.025 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.039 0.045 0.025
,
-'12(3) 0.037 0.043 0.048 0.054 0.059 0.068 0.037
    
 ( C )
\$% 
\$%&
"# ))*+  m
1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5
 4 %%
5   6
,
-('-/ )
  0.058 0.066 0.074 0.082 0.090 0.098 0.058
-/ 0 ))
  0.029 0.033 0.037 0.041 0.045 0.049 0.029
,
-'12(3) 0.044 0.050 0.056 0.062 0.068 0.074 0.044
 4 %%
5  756
,
-('-/ )
  - - - - - - -
-/ 0 ))
  0.033 0.038 0.043 0.047 0.053 0.055 0.033
,
-'12(3) 0.050 0.057 0.064 0.072 0.080 0.083 0.050
Bar detailing in slab

L1 L2

L1/3 L2/3

L1/8 L1/8

L1 L2

   


L/5

## L/5 L =   



Example: Design two-way slab as shown below to carry the live
load 300-kg/m2 fc = 240 kg/cm2, fy = 2,400 kg/cm2
4.00

3.80 0.10

0.50
0.20 0.20
Cross section

5.00 4.80
Min h = 2(400+500)/180 = 10 cm

## wu = 1.4(240)+1.7(300) = 846 kg/m2

m = 4.00/5.00 = 0.8
Floor plan As,min = 0.0018(100)(10) = 1.8 cm2/m
Short span -M() +M -M()

## d = 10 - 2(covering) - 0.5(half of DB10) = 7.5 cm

Mu 86, 600
Rn = = = 17.11 kg/cm 2

0.85 f c 2 Rn
= 1 1 = 0.0045
fy 0.85 f c

## As = 0.0045(100)(7.5) = 3.36 4 .2 > As,min

( 63
(71 8 DB10@0.20 (As=3.90 4 .2)
Long span -M() +M -M()

## d = 10 - 2(covering) - 1.5(half of DB10) = 6.5 cm

Mu 66,300
Rn = = = 17.44 kg/cm 2

0.85 f c 2 Rn
= 1 1 = 0.0046
fy 0.85 f c

## As = 0.0046(100)(6.5) = 2.97 4 .2 > As,min

( 63
(71 8 DB10@0.20 (As=3.90 4 .2)
 89"8:
;   7
%
9
9(2: Vu = wuS/4 = (846)(4.0)/4

= 846 ./ .

<(88'%
9  2 Vc = 0.85(0.53) 240 (100)(7.5)
= 5234 ./ . OK
DB10@0.40
 
#\$
DB10@0.20  



DB10@0.40
 
#\$

0.10
0.50
0.55 0.95
1.30
0.95
0.20 3.80 0.20
 6 

DB10@0.40
 
#\$
DB10@0.20  



DB10@0.40
 
#\$

0.10
0.50
0.70 1.20
1.20 1.60

 6 &