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UJIAN SELARAS 1

SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN PENDETA ZABA

CHEMISTRY
Onehour and 30minutes
FORM: 4A NAME: ________________________

ANSWER ALL QUESTION/ JAWAB SEMUA SOALAN


SECTION A/ BAHAGIAN A
The above statement is a/ an
1 Which ofthe followingstatements best Semakinmeningkatkereaktifanlogam
describeschemistry? alkali,semakincergastindakbalasdengan
Antarayangberikut,yangmanakahmenera gasklorin.
ngkantentangkimia? Pernyataandi atasadalahsuatu
A Chemistry isa systematic study A Inference
ofnatural phenomena. Inferens
Kimiaialahkajiansistematiktentangfe B Result
nomenaalamsemulajadi. Keputusan
B Chemistry isthe study ofthe C Conclusion
composition, properties, Kesimpulan
structureand interactions of D Hypothesis
matter. Hipotesis
Kimiaialahkajiantentangko
mposisi,sifat,strukturdanhu 4 Which of the following scientists did not
bunganantarajirim. contributeto the development of the
C Chemistry isthe study gained Periodic Table?
throughscientific investigations. Antara ahli sains berikut yang manakah
Kimiaialahkajianyangdiperolehimel tidak menyumbang terhadap kemajuan
aluipenyiasatansains. Jadual Berkala?
D Chemistry isan art of transforming A Lothar Meyer
metals. B John Newlands
Kimiaialahsenipembentukanlogam. C Michael Faraday
D Dmitri Mendeleev
2 The final step in scientific method is
Langkah terakhir dalam kaedah 5 Which ofthe followingsubstances consist
saintifik ialah ofions?
A collecting data / mengumpul data Manakahdaripadabahanberikutterdiri
B writing report / Menulis laporan daripadaion-ion?
C doing observation / membuat A Magnesium
pemerhatian Magnesium
D forming hyphothesis / membuat B Nitrogen gas
hipotesis Gasnitrogen
C Lead (II) iodide
3 Themore reactive the alkali metal, the Plumbum(II)iodida
more vigorous thereaction withchlorine D Naphthalene
gas. Naftalena

6 Which ofthe followingset of elements


consistofall non metals?
Antaraberikut set manakah yang C The number of shells containing electron
mengandungisemuaunsurbukanlogam? increases
A Chlorine, Nitrogenand Sulphur Bilangan petala yang mengandungi
B Oxygen, Hydrogen andLithium
elekton bertambah
C Phosphorus,Lead and Carbon
D Carbon,Iodine andcalcium D The attraction of nucleus towards valence
electrons decreases
Tarikan nukleus terhadap elektron valen
7 berkurang

Theelementwhichdoesnotformcompound 10 How are the elements in the Periodic Table


withotherelementsislikelytohaveproton arranged?
numberof Bagaimanakah unsur-unsur dalam Jadual
Berkala disusun?
Unsur
A According to increasing relative
yangtidakakanmembentuksebatiandengan Molecule mass
unsur lain akanmempunyainombor Mengikut pertambahan jisim molekul
proton relatif
A 4 B According to increasing relative atomic
B 8 mass
C 10 Mengikut pertambahan jisim atom
D 16 Relatif
According to increasing nucleon
C
number
8 Which ofthe followingelectron Mengikut pertambahan nombor nukleon
arrangements is found in a noble gas According to increasing proton number
atom? D Mengikut pertambahan nombor proton
Manakahantaraberikutmerupakansusu
nanelektronbagiatomnadir? 11 The information about element of argon is
A 1 as the following:
B 2.1 Maklumat mengenai unsur argon adalah
C 2.8 seperti berikut :
D 2.8.2 Electron arrangement: 2.8.8
Neutron number : 22
Susunanelektron : 2.8.8
9 Why is it that the reactivity of elements in Bilanganneutron : 22
Group 1 increases when going down the group?
Mengapakah kereaktifan unsur-unsur dalam Which of the following is the symbol of
argon atom?
Kumpulan 1 bertambah apabila menuruni
Antara berikut yang manakah simbol
kumpulan? atom argon?
A Size of atom increases A C 18
40
Saiz atom bertambah Ar Ar
B The boiling point decreases 18 40
Takat didih berkurang
22
Ar 18
B 20 Ar
22
A 2
Bahagian B
Section B

1 Table 1 showsproton number and the number of neutrons for atom P, Q, R and S.
Jadual 1 menunjukkannombor proton danbilangan neutron bagi atom P, Q, R dan S.

Atom Proton number Number of neutrons


Atom Nombor proton Bilangan neutron
P 3 4
Q 16 17
R 16 16
S 19 20

TABLE / JADUAL 1.1

(a) (i) What is meant by the proton number?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan nombor proton?

..............
[ 1mark]
(ii) State the nucleon number of atom P?
Nyatakan nombor nukleon bagi atom P?

..............
[ 1mark]
A
(b) Represent atom Q in the form of X
Z
A
Tuliskansimbolbagi atom Q dalambentuk X
Z

.
[ 1mark]

(c) Which atoms have the same number of valence electrons?


Atom manakah mempunyai bilangan elektron valens yang sama?

.
[ 1mark]
(d) (i) Which atoms are isotopes?
Atom-atom manakah merupakan isotop?

..............
[ 1mark]

(ii) State a reason for your answer in (e) (i).


Nyatakansatusebabbagijawapananda di (e) (i).

..............
[ 1mark]
2. Figure 2 shows a graph of temperature against time of element S when it is heated until it boils.
Rajah 2 menunjukkangrafsuhumelawanmasabagipemanasanunsur S sehinggaiamendidih.

Temperature/oC
Suhu/oC
F

D E
77

B C
63

A
Time /s
Masa/s
t1 t2 t3 t4

FIGURE/RAJAH2

(i) What is the melting and boiling points of element S?


Apakahtakatleburdandidihunsur S?

Melting point/takatlebur :

Boiling point/takatdidih : .[ 2mark]

(ii) Complete the table below by state the physical state of substance Y at the section
mentioned.
LengkapkanJadual2.1 dibawahdenganmenyatakankeadaanfizikbahan
Ypadabahagian yang dinyatakan

Section Physical state


Bahagian Keadaanfizik
AB

DE
[ 2mark]
Table/ Jadual 2.1
(iii) Explain why the temperature remains constant from t1 to t2?
Terangkanmengapasuhutidakberubahdaripadat1ket2?

.
[ 2marks]
3. Diagram 3 shows the position of a few of elements in the Periodic Table. Alphabets in the table do not
show the actual symbol of elements.
Rajah 3menunjukkankedudukanbeberapaunsurdalamJadualBerkala. Huruf-
hurufdalamjadualitubukansimbolsebenarbagiunsur-unsur.

A B C D
E
F G
H

DIAGRAM 3/RAJAH 3

Using the alphabets to anwser the following questions.


Gunakanhuruf-hurufituuntukmenjawabsoalan-soalanberikut.

(a) State the elements that placed in the same group.


Nyatakanunsur-unsur yang terletakdalamkumpulan yang sama.

.....................
[1 mark]
(b) State one property of element F.
NyatakansatuciribagiunsurF.

...............
[1 mark]

(c) Atom X has 2 shells occupied with electron whereby the outermost shell contains 2
electrons only.
Mark the position of X in the Periodic Table in the above diagram.
Atom X mempunyai 2 petala yang berisielektron di manapetalaterluarmengandungi 2
elektronsahaja.
Tandakankedudukan X dalamJadualBerkalaUnsurpada rajah di atas
[1 mark]
(d) (i) State an element that can react with water to produce hydrogen.
Nyatakansatuunsur yang bolehbertindakbalasdengan air untukmenghasilkan
hidrogen.

...............
[1 mark]

(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction take places in (d)(i).
Tuliskanpersamaankimiabagitindakbalas yang berlaku di (d)(i).

...............
[1 mark]
(e) Arrange element A, B, C and D in ascending order of atomic size.
Susunkanunsur-unsurA, B, CdanDmengikuttertibsaizatom menaik.
.
......................
[1 mark]
(f) How the electronegativity of the elements change when crossing the period from left to right the
Periodic Table?
Bagaimanakahkeelektronegatifanunsur-unsurberubahapabilamerentaskaladarikirike
kananJadualBerkala?

........................
[1 mark]
(g) (i) State the element exists as monoatomic gas?
Nyatakanunsur yang wujudsebagai gas monoatom ?

...............
[1 mark]
(ii) Explain your answer in g(i).
Terangkanjawapananda dig(i).

...............................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

4. The following is information about substance X


Maklumat berikut ialah tentang bahan X

Solid at room temperature


Pepejalpadasuhubilik
Melting point is 80 0C
Takatleburialah80 0C
Highly flammable.
Mudahterbakar

In an experiment to determine the melting point of substance X , a boiling tube containing solid X
is heated using a water bath until its temperature is above its melting point.
Dalam satu eksperimen untuk menentukan takat lebur bagi bahan X , tabung didihyang
mengandungi pepejal X dipanaskan menggunakan kukus air sehingga suhunyadi atastakatlebur.

(a) Draw and label a diagram of apparatus that is used in the experiment.
Lukis dan labelkan gambar rajah susunan radas yang digunakan dalam eksperimen itu

[ 2marks]
(b) What is meant by melting point?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan takat lebur?

..
[ 1mark]
(c ) What is the purpose of using water bath in the experiment?
Apakah tujuan menggunakan kukus air dalam eksperimen itu.


[ 1mark]
0 0
(d) Draw the arrangement of particles of substance X at 40 C and 90 C respectively.
Lukiskan susunan zarah bagi bahan X pada suhu 400C and 900C masing-masing.

40 0 C 90 0 C
[ 2 marks]
(e) Suggest the name of substance X.
Cadangkannamabahan X.


[ 1mark]

5. Diagram 5 shows the symbols of atom for element U, V, W and X.


Rajah 5 menunjukkan simbol- simbol atom bagi unsur U, V, W dan X.

7 12 19 20
3 U 6 V 9 W 10 X
DIAGRAM / RAJAH 5
(a) Write the electron arrangement of atom W.
Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom W.

............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(b) (i) Element U, V, W and X are placed in the same period in the Periodic Table.
State the period.
Unsur U, V, W dan X beradadalam kala yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala.
Nyatakan kala itu.

..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) Compare the atomic size of element V and X.
Bandingkan saiz atom unsur V dan X.

..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(iii) Explain your answer in (b) (ii)
Terangkan jawapan anda dalam (b) (ii).

..........................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................
[2marks ]

Noble gas such as helium and neon are very stable and they do not take part in any
chemical reaction.
Gas adiseperti helium dan neon
adalahsangatstabildanmerekatidakmengambilbahagiandalammana-
manatindakbalaskimia.
(c) Explain why noble gas are very stable and do not take part in any chemical reactions
Jelaskanmengapa gas
adisangatstabildantidakmengambilbahagiandalamtindakbalaskimia


[4
marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER


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