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HISTORY OF REFRIGERATION

Sr. No Year Scrintist Contribution


1. 1700 servants collected ice in the winter and put it into icehouses for use in the summer
2. 1720 Dr. William Cullen , a Scotsman, studied the evaporation of liquids in a vacuum
3. 1805 Oliver Evans of , compressed ether machine, the machine is never built
Pennsylvania
4. 1820 Michael Faraday, a , liquefied ammonia to cause cooling
Londoner
5. 1834 Jacob Perkins, ether vapor compression cycle, Ice Making Machine
6. 1844 James Harrison of invents compressed ether machine
Australia
7. 1850 Edmond Carre of , invents an absorption process machine
France
8. 1852 William Thomson & Prescott cooling increases in proportion to the pressure difference
James
9. 1855 Dr. John Gorrie builds compression refrigeration system based on Faraday's experiments.
10. 1856 James Harrison commissioned by a brewery to build a machine that cooled beer.
11. 1859 Ferdinand Carre of , developed the first ammonia/water refrigeration machine
France
12. 1871 Carl von Linde of published an essay on improved refrigeration techniques
Germany
13. 1873 Carl von Linde first practical and portable compressor refrigeration machine was built in Munich
14. 1874 Raoul Pictet of , a compressor system using sulfur dioxide instead of ammonia
Switzerland
15. 1876 Carl von Linde , early models he used methyl ether, but changed to an ammonia cycle
16. 1878 von Linde starts Lindes Eismaschinen AG, (Society for Lindes Ice Machines), now Linde AG
17. 1878 Edmund J. Copeland start Leonard Refrigerator Company
and Arnold H. Gross
18. 1881 Linde developed a new method (Linde technique) for the liquefaction of large quantities of air.
19. 1894 Linde AG installs refrigerator at the Guinness brewery in Dublin, Ireland
20. 1894 Carl von Linde produced large amounts of liquid air using the Thomson-Joule effect
21. 1895 Henry Trost. Patent # 665,814 issued January 10, for a Refridgeator (Ice Box) invented by
HISTORY OF REFRIGERATION

22. 1901 French monk. Abbe General Electric company unveiled a refrigerator invented by a
Audiffren
23. 1911 Fred W. Wolf Jr.of (DOMestic Electric Refrigerator)
the Domelre
Company
24. 1913 Leonard Refrigerator Company renamed Electro-Automatic Refrigerating Company
25. 1915 Alfred Mellowes starts Guardian Frigerato to build first self-container refrigerator for home use
26. 1916 Henry Joy of Packard Servel models compressors were generally driven by motors located in the basement
Motor Car Co
27. 1916 Guardian Frigerato . purchased the Fred W. Wolf refrigerator rights
28. 1918 Electro-Automatic purchased by General Motors and renamed Frigidaire
Refrigerating
Compan
29. 1918 y renamed Kelvinator
30. 1920 market. there were some 200 different refrigerator models on the
31. 1922 Baltzar von Platen introduce absorption process refrigerator
and Carl Munters
32. 1923 Kelvinator held 80 percent of the market for electric refrigerators
33. 1923 AB Arctic. begins production of refrigerators based on Platen-Munter's invention
34. 1925 Electrolux purchases AB Arctic and launches the "D-fridge" on the world market
35. 1925 Steel and porcelain cabinets began appearing in the mid-20s
36. 1927 widespread first refrigerator to see use was the General Electric "Monitor-Top" refrigerator.
37. 1930 Electrolux first built-in refrigerator is launched by
38. 1931 Dupont produced commercial quantities of R-12, trademarked as Freon
39. 1931 Electrolux the first air-cooled refrigerator introduced by
40. 1932 Gibson , then owned by Frank Gibson, manufactured its own line of refrigerators.
41. 1934 Shelvador an innovation, the refrigerator, was introduced by the Crosley Radio Corporation
42. 1936 Albert Henne synthesizes refrigerant R-134a
43. 1937 Americans more than 2 million owned refrigerators.
44. 1939 G. E. refrigerator with one section for frozen food and a second for chilled food, introduced by
45. 1946 World War II Mass production of modern refrigerators didn't get started until after .
HISTORY OF REFRIGERATION

46. 1947 GE two-door refrigerator-freezer combination


47. 1955 Americans 80% of American homes now have refrigerators
48. 2005 Domestic A refrigerator is present in 99.5% of American homes