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CIRCUIT THEOREMS

EEE F111
DR. RUMA GHOSH
MAXIMUM POWER
TRANSFER THEOREM

What Value of RL will


absorb maximum power?

What is the maximum


power absorbed?
Maximum power transfer theorem states that to obtain maximum external
power from a source with a finite internal resistance, the resistance of the load
must equal the resistance of the source as viewed from its output terminals

Rs = RL


Pmax=

EXERCISE
Q.1 Determine the value of RL for which it will draw the maximum
power from the given circuit. Calculate the maximum power.
TIME DOMAIN
ANALYSIS

EEE F111
DR. RUMA GHOSH
INDUCTORS

Case 1: If I is constant, as in case of d.c. source, what will be V?

Inductors behave as short circuit to d.c.


Case 2: If I is time varying, then?
= 0

(0)
= =


= 0 = 0cos( + )
2

Current and Voltages are out of Phase

Voltage leads current in inductor


Amplitude

Time
EFFECTIVE
INDUCTANCE
In series

= + +

In parallel


= + +

EXERCISE
Q. Find out the equivalent inductance of the following circuit
CAPACITORS

Electrical device that stores electrical energy

Capacitors behave as open circuit to d.c.


EFFECTIVE
CAPACITANCE
In parallel

= + + +

In series


= + +
+
EXERCISE
Q. Find out the equivalent capacitance of the following circuit
CONCEPT OF DUALITY
DUAL CIRCUIT
ELEMENTS

Circuit Dual Circuit


Series Connection Parallel connection
Parallel Connection Series connection
Voltage of A volts Current of A Amps
Current of A Amps Voltage of A volts
Resistance of R ohms Conductance of R mhos
Conductance of R mhos Resistance of R ohms
Capacitance of C farads Inductance of C Henry
Inductance of C Henry Capacitance of C farads
EXERCISE

Find out the dual circuit for the above given figure