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Copyright, video

Margo Tripsa
ITEC 7445, Dr. Chiavacci
Ed. S., Kennesaw State University
To promote the Progress of Science and
useful Arts, by securing for limited Times
to Authors and Inventors the exclusive
Right to their respective Writings and
Discoveries.
(US Constitution, Article 1, Section 8)

Copyright- US Constitution
=any original expression on ideas
=many different formats:

books/articles/newspapers/cartoons
music
video
photographs
movies
audiotapes
drawings
artwork
speeches
slides
written work
etc.

Copyright
May I?

Each time you use a


copyrighted work, you need to
have permission from the
owner!
Public Domain works= not restricted by copyright and
do not require a license; allows the user unrestricted
access; life of the author +70 years

Fair Use= educators may use portions of copyrighted


materials (less than 10%) within their own classrooms
without express permission from the copyright owner

Vocabulary
FAIR USE= any copying of any copyrighted material done for a limited and
transformative purpose such as: to comment upon, to criticize, or parody a
copyrighted work (it can be done without permission from the copyright owner)
(Stanford University Libraries)

Fair Use guidelines apply to portions of lawfully acquired copyrighted work:


used in educational multimedia projects
created by educators or students
used for a learning activity
used by nonprofit educational institutions

University System of Georgia- Fair Use Checklist

Fair Use
The purpose and character of the use
The nature of the copyrighted work
The amount and substantiality of the portion used in
relation to the work as a whole
The effect of the use upon the potential market for or
value of the work

Fair Use Standards


Limit use of copyrighted materials to your classroom
Give proper credit
When in doubt, get permission

Copyright Tips
When they are in the public domain (the video has no legal
owner, he/she has been dead for 70+ years, or the copyright was
not renewed after it expired)

When it is designated as copyright-free

The video is openly licensed (the copyright holder applies a


Creative Commons license) The owner of the work can choose
a Creative Commons License to give others the right to share,
remix or build upon the work.

When can you freely use videos?


Neither the rental nor the purchase of a copy of a
copyrighted work carries with it the right to publicly
exhibit the work.

No additional license is required to privately view a


movie or other copyrighted work with a few friends and
family or in certain narrowly defined face-to-face
teaching activities.
("Motion picture association," 2013)

Video
Internet access does not mean works can be reproduced
and used without permission or license.

Some copyrighted works may have been posted without


copyright holders permission.

Watch out!
Entertainment or reward is not permitted under Fair Use:
get a license from a distributor or the Motion Picture
Licensing Corporation (http://www.mplc.com)

Watch out!
When using a copyrighted material in a
presentation: Up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is
less, of a single copyrighted motion media work

Limitations
Video has to be used in educational setting for
educational purposes (curriculum related)

Video has to be a legal copy of the original

Teacher must be present

Teaching exemptions
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!
4 copyright scenarios
A teacher downloads a copyrighted video from
Vimeo. He then adds the video to his classroom
website.
Does this violate copyright and
fair use?

Scenario 1
This violates fair use because web resources
cannot be reposted to the web without
ANSWER: Yes!

permission.
The teacher could comply with fair use by
creating a link to the video on his website.
You are creating a Google Slide presentation for a math
lesson on long division. A web search takes you to a
Khan Academy video posted on You Tube. Are you
allowed to embed the video in your presentation?

Scenario 2
All videos are protected by U.S. Copyright laws,
however under the Digital Millennium Copyright
ANSWER: Yes!

Act, Khan Academy also operates under a


Creative Commons License.

So, Khan Academy video can be utilized for


non-commercial use with attribution to Khan
Academy. The following note should also be
used: All Khan Academy content is available for
free at www.khanacademy.org.
A student is creating a video biography of his
favorite soccer player. In his video he is using a 30-
second video clip he found on a sports website. Does
this show fair use?

Scenario 3
ANSWER: Yes!

Only a small portion was used and it was


used for informational purposes.
Many of the movies shown at Mrs. Millers school are
VHS. Can Mrs. Miller make DVD copies of these
videos?

Scenario 4
ANSWER: Yes/No!

You are allowed to make a copy if you are sure


that a replacement copy cannot be purchased to
rescue the video.

However, if there is a version of the movie


available on DVD, then it must be purchased to
replace the VHS.
(Copyright for Teachers and Librarians)
Do not use videos you did not create without permission!
If you do, make sure it falls under fair use guidelines.
Limit use of copyrighted materials to your classroom
Give proper credit

Conclusions
References:
Brim, J. (n.d.). Copyright for teachers and librarians. Retrieved from: http://
users.mhc.edu/facultystaff/awalter/brim site/FAQ_page_2.htm

Fair Use Checklist. University Systems of Georgia. Retrieved from http://


www.usg.edu/copyright/fair_use_checklist

Movie licensing USA K-12 schools. (2013). Retrieved from: http://


www.movlic.com/k12/index.html

Stanford University Libraries. Copyright and Fair Use

US Constitution. Article 1, Section 8. Retrieved from http://usgovinfo.about.com/


od/usconstitution/a/a1s8.htm