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SMAM 314 Exam 1 Name__________

Consider the strength observations for cylinders below

6.1 5.0 7.8 7.1 7.2 9.2 6.6 8.3 7.0 8.3
7.8 8.1 7.4 8.5 8.9 9.8 9.7 14.1 12.6 11.2

A. Make a stem and leaf display with the whole number as the stem, the
digit after the decimal point as the leaf. (4 points)

5 0
6 1 6
7 8 1 2 0 8 4
8 3 3 1 5 9
9 2 8 7
10
11 2
12 6
13
14 1

B. Make a five number summary. (4 points)

8.2

9.45 7.15

14.1 5.0

C. Find the interquartile range and find the outliers if any. (4 points)

IQR = 9.45 7.15 = 2.3


2.3x1.5 = 3.45
14.1 is an outlier.
D. Make a boxplot (4 points)

. .

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

E. Comment on the shape of the data. Is it symmetric bell shaped skewed


toward the right or the left? (4 points)

The data is normally distributed but approximately skewed to the right


with an outlier.

2. The probability density function of the time to failure of an electronic


component in a copier in thousands of hours is

1 x/3
f(x) = e ,x > 0
3

A.Find the probability that a component lasts at least 2000 hours? (10)

21
P(X 2) =1 P(X < 2) =1 0 e x/3 dx = e 2 / 3 = .513
3

B. Determine the number of hours at which 50% of the components have


failed. (10)

1 e x / 3 = .5
e x/3 = .5
x
= ln.5 = ln2
3
x = 3ln2 = 2.079
2079hrs
3. The cumulative distribution function of the length of computer cables
in millimeters is

0 x 1200

F(x) = 0.1x 120 1200 < x 1210

1 x > 1210

If the length specifications are 1202< x <1209 millimeters what is the


probability that a randomly selected computer cable fails to meet
specifications? (10)

P(X 1202) + P(X 1209) = F(1202) + 1 F(1209)


= .2 +1 .9 = .3

4. Find the mean and the variance of the probability density function

f(x) = 3x2 ,0 < x < 1 (10)

1
EX = 3x 3dx = .75
0
1
EX 2 = 0 3x 4 = .6

2 = .6 (.75)2 = .0375

5. The life of a semiconductor laser at a constant power is normally


distributed with a mean of 7000 hours and a standard deviation of 600
hours.
A. What is the probability a laser lasts at least 6700 hours? (5)

6700 7000
P(X 6700) = P Z
600 = P(Z > .5) = 1 P(Z .5)
= 1 .3085 = .6915
B. What is the probability that a laser fails between 6400 hours and 7750
hours? (5)

6400 7000 7750 7000


P(6400 < X < 7750) = P <z<
600 600
= P(1< Z < 1.25) = ..8943 .1587 = .7357

C. What is the life in hours that 90% of the lasers exceed? (5)

P(X > x) = .90


P(X x) = .10
x 7000
P(Z < ) = .10
600
x 7000
= 1.28
600
x = 7000 1.28(600) = 6232

6. Consider the discrete probability mass function

x
f(x) =,x = 1,2,3
6
A. Complete the table (5)

x 1 2 3
1 2 3
f(x)
6 6 6

B. Find the cumulative distribution function (5)

0 x <1
1 1 x < 2

F(x) = 63
2 x < 3
6
1 x >3
C. Find the mean and the variance of X (10)

14 7
EX = 1(61 ) + 2( 62 ) + 3( 63 ) = =
6 3
EX = 1 ( 6 ) + 2 ( 6 ) + 3 ( 6 ) =
2 2 1 2 2 2 3

49 5
2 = 6 =
9 9

D. Find the mean and the variance of 3X + 2. (5)

E(3X + 2) = 3EX + 2 = 9
Var(3X + 2) = 9VarX = 9(59 ) = 5