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# SMAM 314 Exam 1 Name__________

## Consider the strength observations for cylinders below

6.1 5.0 7.8 7.1 7.2 9.2 6.6 8.3 7.0 8.3
7.8 8.1 7.4 8.5 8.9 9.8 9.7 14.1 12.6 11.2

A. Make a stem and leaf display with the whole number as the stem, the
digit after the decimal point as the leaf. (4 points)

5 0
6 1 6
7 8 1 2 0 8 4
8 3 3 1 5 9
9 2 8 7
10
11 2
12 6
13
14 1

## B. Make a five number summary. (4 points)

8.2

9.45 7.15

14.1 5.0

C. Find the interquartile range and find the outliers if any. (4 points)

## IQR = 9.45 7.15 = 2.3

2.3x1.5 = 3.45
14.1 is an outlier.
D. Make a boxplot (4 points)

. .

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

## E. Comment on the shape of the data. Is it symmetric bell shaped skewed

toward the right or the left? (4 points)

with an outlier.

## 2. The probability density function of the time to failure of an electronic

component in a copier in thousands of hours is

1 x/3
f(x) = e ,x > 0
3

A.Find the probability that a component lasts at least 2000 hours? (10)

21
P(X 2) =1 P(X < 2) =1 0 e x/3 dx = e 2 / 3 = .513
3

## B. Determine the number of hours at which 50% of the components have

failed. (10)

1 e x / 3 = .5
e x/3 = .5
x
= ln.5 = ln2
3
x = 3ln2 = 2.079
2079hrs
3. The cumulative distribution function of the length of computer cables
in millimeters is

0 x 1200

F(x) = 0.1x 120 1200 < x 1210

1 x > 1210

## If the length specifications are 1202< x <1209 millimeters what is the

probability that a randomly selected computer cable fails to meet
specifications? (10)

## P(X 1202) + P(X 1209) = F(1202) + 1 F(1209)

= .2 +1 .9 = .3

4. Find the mean and the variance of the probability density function

## f(x) = 3x2 ,0 < x < 1 (10)

1
EX = 3x 3dx = .75
0
1
EX 2 = 0 3x 4 = .6

2 = .6 (.75)2 = .0375

## 5. The life of a semiconductor laser at a constant power is normally

distributed with a mean of 7000 hours and a standard deviation of 600
hours.
A. What is the probability a laser lasts at least 6700 hours? (5)

6700 7000
P(X 6700) = P Z
600 = P(Z > .5) = 1 P(Z .5)
= 1 .3085 = .6915
B. What is the probability that a laser fails between 6400 hours and 7750
hours? (5)

## 6400 7000 7750 7000

P(6400 < X < 7750) = P <z<
600 600
= P(1< Z < 1.25) = ..8943 .1587 = .7357

C. What is the life in hours that 90% of the lasers exceed? (5)

## P(X > x) = .90

P(X x) = .10
x 7000
P(Z < ) = .10
600
x 7000
= 1.28
600
x = 7000 1.28(600) = 6232

## 6. Consider the discrete probability mass function

x
f(x) =,x = 1,2,3
6
A. Complete the table (5)

x 1 2 3
1 2 3
f(x)
6 6 6

## B. Find the cumulative distribution function (5)

0 x <1
1 1 x < 2

F(x) = 63
2 x < 3
6
1 x >3
C. Find the mean and the variance of X (10)

14 7
EX = 1(61 ) + 2( 62 ) + 3( 63 ) = =
6 3
EX = 1 ( 6 ) + 2 ( 6 ) + 3 ( 6 ) =
2 2 1 2 2 2 3

49 5
2 = 6 =
9 9

## D. Find the mean and the variance of 3X + 2. (5)

E(3X + 2) = 3EX + 2 = 9
Var(3X + 2) = 9VarX = 9(59 ) = 5