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Title: Deployment isolation guideline


Deployment isolation Guidelines

for GSM 900 /1800 systems

Motorola India Limited,

CIG, Delhi

415/2, Mehrauli Gurgaon Road

Sector 14, Gurgaon

Summary: This document describes the isolation required for deploying GSM 900 /
1800 antennas on the same site.

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Title: Deployment isolation guideline

As more and more network operator convert their network into dualband, many
antenna vendors have introduced their product to support the dualband
deployment. The antenna support on dualband still focused on combination of
GSM900 and GSM1800 frequency band.

In term of field implementations, there are combinations of antennas, which can

be installed for dualband sites as pictured below. The picture assumed that the
GSM900 and GSM1800 are co-located.

The first possibility is that each frequency has its own antenna physically
separated. In this configuration, each antenna has it's own dedicated feeder. This
is the advantage when antenna placement requirement for GSM900 and

Figure 1 Simplified antenna implementation. The left side is using two antennas physically
separated. Combiner is used in one end. On the right side, diplexer used for real dualband

GSM1800 is different, for instance on top of the building or on a mast where

GSM1800 antenna required having different heights over GSM900. As it offers a
fully independent configuration for each frequency band, the cost regarding the
additional feeder needs to be considered.The second option is where two
antennas for different frequency bands are actually put together in one antenna
enclosure. In this configuration dedicated feeders for each frequency band are
still used. This can be use where the design requirement is very limiting. Possible
variant of this antenna is that each antenna within the enclosure has its own
electrical antenna tilt. As
the antenna have
feeders for each
frequency band,
consideration about cost
should be also taken into
account as well as the
size of this antenna,
which is slightly bigger
than normal antenna.he
third option is the real
dualband antenna. This
antenna incorporates
ure 2. Several options of antenna types that can be installed in the
dualband site. Left is two single frequency antennas for each band,
middle is actually two antennas placed in one enclosure, and right is
the real dualband antenna.
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Title: Deployment isolation guideline

internal diplexer so RX and TX path are combination of GSM900 and GSM1800

signals. Diplexer at the BTS side also should be installed when using this type of
antenna. This antenna offers simplified installation of feeder as the signals are
already combined within the feeder. Consideration should be taken into account
about the cost, which is very expensive. The possibility to have separate
electrical downtilt for each frequency band should be considered as well. The
disadvantage of this type of antenna is that it has more limited flexibility for bore
angle of the antenna. When the operator have different coverage objective for
GSM900 and GSM1800, this type of antenna may not be suitable. Other variant
of this type of antenna is that the electrical downtilt can be altered remotely from
the OMC for example.

Isolation requirement for various antenna arrangement:

Isolation with horizontal spacing:

Decoupling in dB= 22+20log(s/) - (Gt + Gr)

s: spacing between antennas in feet

: wavelength in inches

= 11808/Freq. (MHz) It is(GSM=30cm and DCS=15cm)

Gt: gain of transmit antenna

Gr: gain of receive antenna

(s/) > 10 and Gt & Gr < 10 dB

The required separation depends on antenna gain G, antenna orientation

and HPBW, Thus the antenna gain G() in direction of the interfered
antenna has accordingly to be taken into account in formula given below

The pure horizontal separation is not recommended to provide sufficient

Tx-Rx decoupling, since the antenna gain increases the required separation
drastically increases.

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Title: Deployment isolation guideline

Isolation with Vertical spacing:

Decoupling in dB = 28+40 log (s/)

Typically 1 < S and dBmax = 70 dB

s is spacing between ends of radiating portion of antennas

We have calculated the following distances above 10 feet.

Horizontal spacing
Distance 3m 4m 5m
GSM 41 dB 43dB 45,5 dB
DCS 47 dB 49 dB 51 dB

Vertical spacing
Distance 0,5m 1,5m 2,5m
GSM 35 dB 54dB 63 dB
DCS 47 dB 66 dB 75 dB

For horizontal spacing the isolation values (with the distance between
antennas is below 10) must be measured in the test range. Generally
experience shows that the isolation result from calculations are
pessimistic compared to our test field results.

Typically vertical separation S used for GSM and DCS: S=50cm

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Title: Deployment isolation guideline

Annexure 1: Sample isolation measurements for different antenna arrangements

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