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SAMPLE PAPER-2013

CLASS XI

Subject: Physics

1. Earth is continuously-pulling moon towards its centre. Why does not moon fall on to the

Earth?

2. Which has longer period of revolution, a satellite revolving close or away from the

surface of Earth?

3. Will 1 kg sugar be more at poles or at the equator?

4. Why do different planets have different escape velocities?

5. Why does moon have no atmosphere?

6. If the Earth suddenly stops rotating about its axis, what would be the effect on the value

of g? Will this effect be the same at poles?

7. A person feels weightlessness in an artificial satellite of the Earth. However, a person on

the moon feels his weight, although moon is also a satellite of Earth. Explain.

8. When a body falls towards Earth, Earth moves towards the body. Why is Earths motion

not noticed?

9. If the force of gravity acts on all bodies in proportion to their masses, why does not a

heavy body fall correspondingly faster than a light body?

10. What is the maximum value of gravitational potential energy and where?

11. A spring balance is suspended inside an artificial satellite revolving around the Earth. If

a body of mass 2 kg is suspended from it, what would be its reading. Explain.

12. Why does a tennis ball bounce higher on a hill than on plains?

13. Travellers on the moon tie heavy weight at their back before landing on the moon. Why?

14. Calculate the force of attraction between two balls each of mass 1 kg each, when their

centres are 10 cm apart.

15. The mean orbital radius of the Earth around the sun is 1.5 10 8 km. Calculate the mass

of the sun.

16. A mass M is broken into two parts. How are two parts related so that force of

gravitational attraction between the two parts is maximum?

17. How far from Earth must a body be along a line towards the Sun so that the Suns

gravitational pull on it balances that of the Earth. Distance between Sun and Earths

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centre is 1.5 1010 km. Mass of Sun is 3.24 105 times mass of Earth.

18. If the radius of the Earth shrinks by 2.0%, mass remaining unchanged, then how would

the value of acceleration due to gravity change?

19. At what height above the Earths surface, the value of g is half of its value on Earths

surface? Given: its radius is 6400 km.

NUMERICALS

20. A body hanging from a spring stretches it by 1 cm at the Earths surface. How much will

the same body stretch the spring at a place 1600 km above the Earths surface? Radius

of the Earth = 6400 km (Hint: Weight of the suspended body = Stretching force)

21. Find the percentage decrease in weight of a body, when taken 16 km below the surface

of the Earth. Take radius of the Earth as 6400 km.

22. How much below the surface of Earth does the acceleration due to gravity

a. reduces to 35%

b. reduces by 36% of its value on the surface of the Earth? Radius of Earth = 6400 km.

23. How many times faster than its present speed the Earth should rotate so that the

apparent weight of an object at equator becomes zero? Given radius of Earth = 6.37

106m. What would be the duration of the day in that case?

24. Two heavy spheres each of mass 100 kg and radius 0.1 m are placed 1.0 m apart on a

horizontal table. What is the gravitational field and potential at the mid point of the line

joining the centres of the spheres?

25. The mass of the Earth is 6.0 1024 kg. Calculate

a. the potential energy of a body of mass 35.5 kg and

b. the gravitational potential, at a distance of 3.35 10 10 m from the centre of the Earth.

26. A rocket is fired vertically from the surface of Mars with a speed of 2km/sec. If 20% of its

initial energy is lost due to atmospheric resistance, how far will the rocket go from the

surface of Mars before returning to it? Mass of Mars = 6.4 10 23 kg radius of Mars =

3395 km. (Hint: 80% of total energy on the surface of Mars = total energy at height

h.)

27. The radius of the Earth is R and the acceleration due to gravity at its surface is g.

Calculate the work required in raising a body of mass m to a height h from the surface

of the Earth.

28. If Earth has a mass 9 times and radius twice that of planet Mars, calculate the minimum

speed required by a rocket to pull out of gravitational force of Mars. Take the escape

speed on the surface of Earth to be 11.2 km/sec.

29. Show that the moon would depart forever if its speed were increased by 42%.

30. A remote sensing satellite of the Earth revolves in a circular orbit at a height of 250 km

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a. Orbital speed and (b) period of revolution of the satellite? Radius of the Earth = 6.38

106m.

31. A satellite orbits the Earth at a height of 400 km above the surface. How much energy

must be expended to rocket the satellite out of the Earths gravitational influence?

32. Mass of satellite = 400 kg, Mass of Earth = 6.0 10 24 kg, Radius of Earth = 6.4 106m.

33. A body is to be projected vertically upwards from Earths surface to reach a height of

9R, where R is the radius of Earth. What is the velocity required to do so? Given g = 10

m/s2and radius of the Earth = 6.4 106m.

34. If the Earth be one half its present distance from the Sun, how many days will the

present one year on the surface of Earth have?

35. A geostationary satellite is orbiting the Earth at a height of 6R above the surface of

Earth, where R is the radius of the Earth. Find the time period on another satellite at a

height of 2.5R from the surface of Earth in hours.

36. Suppose there existed a planet that went around the Sun twice as fast as the Earth.

What would be its orbital size as compared to that of the Earth?

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