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8-18 Fire suppression

Figure 8.6 Pump duty graph for

typical installation

Flow/ litre.min -2 (square law scale)

(a) Hydraulically most unfavourable area
(b) Hydraulically most favourable area
(c) Pump performance low water level 'X' (at pump outlet)
(d) Pump performance normal water level (at 'C gauge)
(e) Pump performance low water level 'X' (at 'C gauge)

lightt hazard:
hazard: 30 min 8.1.12 Commissioning and testing
r hazard: 60 min
ordinary In common with all piped services the control of installa-
high hazard: 90 min tion standards and proper commissioning and testing of
the completed installations are very important. However,
unlike other piped services, the completed installation will
Sprinkler pumps must be arranged to start automatically not normally be tested in full operational mode therefore
in response to a drop in trunk main pressure and once even greater care should be exercised to ensure that the
started must run until switched off manually. The control design objectives are met.
and alarm features are specified in the Rules.
Notwithstanding the need to monitor the installation
The conditions under which the pump is operating will be work during its progress, the commissioning and testing
defined as either flooded suction or suction lift, depending normally carried out is likely to consist of the following
on the relationship of pump centre line and low water elements.
level. Flooded suction conditions apply when not more
than 2.0 m depth or one third of the effective capacity, Pneumatic and hydros
hydrostatic testing of
whichever encompasses the smaller volume of water, is installation pipework
below the centre line the pump. With natural unlimited
supplies such as rivers, canals, lakes, etc. the pump centre Dryry ppipework
p rk shoul
shouldd be
be testedd ppneumatically
pneumatically to a ppressure
line must be at least 0.85 m below the lowest known or off 2.5
2.5 bar
ar for
or not
not less
less than
a 24 houhours.
urs. Wet ppipework
et pipewor
p shouldd
rk shoul
expected water level. be testedd hydrostatically
y y to a pressure
p off 15
15 barr or
or 1.5
times the working g ppressure, whicheverr iiss the greater, for
or a
When pumps are considered as suction lift full priming periodd of
of at
at least
least 1 hour.
facilities, including priming tank and pipework, must be
provided. Separate suction pipes must be provided for With wett pipework
pipeworrk iitt iiss common practice to carry out a
each pump and the size of these pipes may be larger as a preliminary pneumatic test prior to the hydrostatic test to
result of a decreased velocity limit imposed. establish that these are no major leaks or open ends.

In addition to the main sprinkler pumps it is usual to The manufacturers of chlorinated polyvinyl chloride
provide a smaller capacity 'jockey' pump to make up small (CPVC) pipe and fittings recommend against pneumatic
losses in the trunk main to prevent the operation of the testing of their products and this should be borne in mind
main pumps in such circumstances. Unlike the main when choosing the most appropriate material, and
pumps the jockey pump is automatically switched off specifying the testing regime, for a particular system. The
when the predetermined cut-out pressure is reached. manufacturer of the pipe and fitting should be consulted if
there is any doubt in respect of the safety of pneumatic
A typical arrangement of a single pump suction tank is
shown in Figure 8.7. With systems which are normally dry, it may be
appropriate to prove the capability of the system to deliver
In addition to the stipulated requirements, the LPC has water to the remote ends of an installation within a
published further requirements for automatic pump reasonable time in response to the operation of a sprinkler
installations in LPC Technical Bulletin TB19(19) head.