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Physical Quantities and SI Unit

Physical Quantities

Base Quantity

Length, mass, time, current, temperature, mol, luminous intensity

SI Unit Prefixes

Derived Quantity

Area, volume, density, relative density

Physical quantity A quantity that could be measured.

SI Unit The system of the units used in engineering and science Base Quantity Length, L Mass, m Time, t Electric current, I Thermodynamic temperature, T Luminous intensity, lv Amount of substance, n Unit and symbol Meter, m Kilogram, kg Second, s Ampere, A Kelvin, K Candela, cd Mole, mol

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Chapter 1: Physical Quantities and SI Unit

Base quantity A quantity that cannot be defined in terms of other base quantities. 1. Length: distance between two points standard unit of length is the meter e.g.: the distance between GMi and students’ house

**2. Mass: The amount of matter in a body Measured in kilograms, kg
**

1 kg=1000g 1000kg=1 tonne

3. Time Duration to measure sequence events, to compare the durations of events and the intervals between them, and to quantify the motions of objects. Measured in second, s

1 day=24 hr, 1 hr=60 seconds

4. Electric current The rate of flow of charge Measured in ampere, A 5. Thermodynamic temperature Average energy of motion in matter Measured in Kelvin, K

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Chapter 1: Physical Quantities and SI Unit

6. Luminous intensity measure of the wavelength-weighted power emitted by a light source measured in candela, cd (Candela) 7. Amount of substance amount of matter measured in mole, mol

Derived quantity A physical quantity derived from a combination of various base quantities. 1. Area: Measure of the size or a plane of surface and measured by multiplying a length by a length If the length are in meter then the unit of area is square meter, m2

2. Volume: A measure of the space occupied by solid and measured by multiplying a length by a length by a length If the length in meter then the unit of volume is in cubic meters, m 3

3. Density: Mass per unit volume of a substance. The symbol used is (rho) Units are kg/m3

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Chapter 1: Physical Quantities and SI Unit

where m is the mass in kg, V is the volume in m3 and is the density in kg/m3 4. Relative density: Ratio of the density of the substance to the density of water Has no units

Quantities that are too large or too small are expressed in standard form or scientific notation. E.g.: Value 0.000125 in standard form is written as 1.25x10-4 Prefixes Prefix T G M k m µ n Name Tera Giga Mega Kilo Milli Mikro Nano Meaning Multiply by ( Multiply by Multiply by Multiply by Divide by 1000 Divide by Divide by )

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Lecture note Week 1

Lecture note Week 1

- IMCh-2
- Introduction to Phys
- Base Quantities and Derived Quantities.ppt
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- ESSAY 1
- All About Fundamental Physical Quantities
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- AP Physics B Review
- 01. Basic Maths - BK.pdf
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- Article Excess Volume Thermophysical Properties
- Brawley v. United States, 96 U.S. 168 (1878)
- 02 VoD ASIEX Workshop 2012-C Cunningham

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