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Quiz-3 (Chapter 5) 2014.11.

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1. Suppose a sealed flask contains 1.0 L of oxygen gas that is completely converted to ozone (O 3)
at the same temperature. Calculate the ratio of the new pressure to the original pressure and the
ratio of the number of impacts of ozone molecules with the walls of the container to the
number of impacts of oxygen molecules with the walls of the container. Ans: 2/3; 0.544
3O2 2O3

(1) 1 mole 2/3 mole PV = nRT


2
=
3

1
(2) ZA = ZA n
2

2 1
3 48
= = 0.544
1

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2. With respect to the Maxwell-Boltzmann probability distribution function of molecular speeds,


which of the following is true? Ans: (D)
(A) (B) (C)
(D) (E) both (A) and (D)

3. Near sea level, the atmosphere is composed of 78% nitrogen and 20% oxygen. Other trace
gases make up the remaining 2%. At room temperature, Ans: (B), (D), (E)
(A) all the molecules move at the same speed.
(B) the N2 molecules, on average, move faster than the O2 molecules.
(C) the N2 molecules, on average, move slower than the O2 molecules.
(D) some N2 molecules could move faster than some of the O2 molecules.
(E) some N2 molecules could move slower than some of the O2 molecules.

4. Scuba tanks are given a "Maximum Working Pressure" (MWP) rating that represents the
highest pressure the tank can safely hold at a given temperature. Exceeding this pressure makes
the person filling the tank legally liable to the diver who uses it if an accident occurs. In the U.
S., the MWP for a tank with international Yoke valves and fittings is 207.0 bar at 20.0C. If
the tank is filled to 200.0 bar at 20.0C, what is the maximum pressure the tank reaches if left
under a tarp in a boat, if the tank temperature reaches 35.0C? Ans: 210.24 bar
PV = nRT X 35.0C

200
= X = 210.24 bar
273+20 273+35
5. An unknown gas effuses at a rate 1.49 times faster than Cl2. What is the molecular weight of
the gas?
(A) 16.0 g/mol (B) 31.9 g/mol (C) 47.6 g/mol (D) 106 g/mol (E) 157 g/mol
Ans: (B)

1

3 1 1 70.1
Vrms = X1.49 =
1

X = 31.9 g / mol

6. Silicon tetrachloride is a starting material for the production of electronics-grade silicon.


Calculate the density of pure silicon tetrachloride vapor at 85oC and 758 torr.
(A) 0.238 g/L (B) 5.77 g/L (C) 1.00 g/L (D) 24.3 g/L (E) 0.056 g/L
Ans: (B)

758
PM = dRT760 (28 + 35.5 4) = 0.082 (85 + 273) d = 5.77 g / L

7. What is the pressure P of 1.0 mol Cl2 in a 2.0 L vessel at 273 K? Ideal Gas: van der Waals: a =
6.49 L2atm mol2; b = 0.0562 Lmol 1 Ans: (1) 11.193 atm (2) 9.894 atm

(1) idea gas


PV = nRT
P 2 = 1 0.082 273 P = 11.193 atm
(2) van der Waals equation
2
P= a( )
(1 )
1 0.082 273 1 2
P= 6.49 ( )
1 1 0.0562 2
P = 9.894 atm