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Everyday Science


NOTE: Attempt any TEN questions. All questions carry equal marks. Illustrate your answer
with diagram where necessary.

1. Write comprehensive notes on any TWO of the following: (5,5)

(a) Contribution of Muslim scientists in the field of biology.

(b) Water pollution.
(c) Semiconductors.
2. Describe the various type of movements of the earth? What are the effects of these movements?
Draw simple diagrams to illustrate your answer. (4,6)

3. Explain the following using suitable examples. ( 2 each)

(a) Feedback mechanism of human system.

(b) Eco-system
(c) Troposphere
(d) Carbon cycle
(e) Meningitis
4. What is excretion? Name the excretory organs in man. Describe the structure and function of human
kidney for the excretion of urine. (1,2,7)

5. Describe the Principle, construction and working of a telephone? (2,4,4)

6. What are latitudes and longitudes? How can the central line of latitude be used to find the location of
a place? (4,6)

7. Differentiate between:

(a) Cardiac Muscles and Skeletal Muscles.

(b) Haze and Smog.
(c) Enzyme and Hormone.
(d) Sedimentary Rocks and Igneous Rocks.
(e) Producers and Consumers.
8. Define the following terms: ( 1 each)

(a) RAM, (b) Byte (c) Mouse (d) Icons (e) Software (f) Control Unit (g) LAN (h) Modem

(i) ALU (j) Registers.

9. Discuss the structure of a typical animal cell in detail. 10)

10. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words: ( 1 each)

(a) Monomer of proteins are_____________________________.

(b) Water transport in plants occurs within __________________.
(c) Underground horizontal stems are called_________________.
(d) In the eye, only ______________ contain receptors for light energy.
(e) Plant ________________ control plant responses to environmental stimuli.
(f) _____________ are often called the power houses of the cell.
(g) The rate at which a current changes direction is called its __________.
(h) The energy of electrons at the negative terminal of a battery is called ____________________.
(i) __________________is the smallest planet of the solar system.
(j) Diamond is an allotropic form of the element____________________.
11. Which are plastics? Name their different types and processes by which they are manufactured.
Discuss the impact of the use of plastics on the environment.

12. Which of the following statements are False and which are True: ( 1 each)

(a) In the circulatory system two pulmonary arteries take blood from the left ventricle to the lungs.
(b) Anaphase is the stage of mitosis during which the daughter chromosomes move towards the poles.
(c) The Motor neurons carry nerve impulses from the central nervous system to the effectors.
(d) Cochlea is a part of the middle ear.
(e) Tides happen due to the moons gravitational pull.
(f) Heavy water contains salts of Calcium and Magnesium.
(g) All non-metals exist in gaseous state.
(h) A parachute can be used by a spaceman to help in landing on the moon.
(i) The gemstones Ruby and sapphires are composed of Aluminum Oxide.
(j) In a chemical battery chemical energy ions directly converted into mechanical energy.
13. Choose the correct answers. Dont reproduce the questions. ( 1 each)

(i) Speed of the wind is measured by: (a) Barometer (b) Hygrometer (c) perimeter

(d) Anemometer (e) None of these.

(ii) _____________ connects the muscle with the bone.

(a) Cartilage (b) Ligament (c) Tendon

(d) Disc (e) None of these.

(iii) Polio is caused by a:

(a) Bacterial (b) Virus (c) Fungus

(d) Deficiency of vitamin (e) none of these.

(iv) The coldest planet of the solar system is:

(a) Earth (b) Venus (c) Mars

(d) Pluto (e) None of these

(v) ________________ is a vitamin:

(a) Citric acid (b) Tartaric acid (c) Ascorbic acid

(d) Acetic acid (d) none of there

(vi) An eggshell is composed of:

(a) Iron (b) Starch (c) Carbon

(d) Protein (e) None of these.

(vii) The most abundant element in the earths crust is:

(a) Nitrogen (b) Silicon (c) Carbon

(d) Oxygen (e) None of these

(viii) The main constituent of Biogas is:

(a) Methane (b) Hydrogen (c) Oxygen

(d) Carbon dioxide (e) None of these.

(ix) Stalagmites are deposits of :

(a) Calcium oxide (b) Calcium sulphate

(c) Calcium hydroxide (d) Calcium carbonate

(e) Mixture of all salts.

(x) Gigantism is the result of:

(a) Hypothyroidism (b) Recessive gene

(c) Hyper pituitarism (d) Vitamin D deficiency (e) None of these.

14. What are the causes of Earthquakes: How have earthquakes helped in deciphering the internal
structure of the earth? (4,6)

15. What is the endocrine system? Write the names and function of any eight endocrine glands. (2,8)

Note: Attempt TEN questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1. Discuss in brief, the contribution of Muslim scientists in the field of biological science.

2. Describe, in precise statements, various instruments which are being used in exploring the

3. Explain the Solar System and the unifying characteristics which the Sun and its planets

4. How the solar and lunar eclipses are caused?

5. What is Ozonoshpere? Discuss the human technologies which are causing its depletion.
What ham to man this depletive state would cause?

6. Describe the principle and make up of a Television.

7. What is escape velocity? How the Satellite are launched and what are their uses?

8. Explain Earthquakes and volcanoes. How volcanoes help in the formation of earth crust?

9. How characters are transmitted from parents to offspring?

10. Describe the function of kidneys in the human body.

11. What are the deficiency effects of the following nutrients in the human body?

a) Iron
b) Iodine
c) Fluoride
d) Vitamin A
e) Vitamin D

12. What are the constituents of human blood and their characteristics.?
13. Differentiate between

a) Neuron and neutron

b) Meiosis and mitosis
c) Heavy water and hard water
d) Climate and weather
e) Isotopes and isobars

14. Fill in the blanks.

a) Plant cells manufacture their food due to the presence of ____________ (chlorophyll, vacuole,
cell wall)

b) The mitochondria in a cell are the constituent of the ____________ (nucleus, cytoplasm, cell

c) Mitosis is a type of cell division wherein the number of chromosomes in the daughter cell is
the ____________ (same, half, double)

d) Blood cells are of ____________ types (two, three, four)

e) The ____________ causes sunburn and suntan (ultraviolet rays, alpha particles, gama

15. Which of the following statements are false or true. Write only true of false in the answer
book. Do not reproduce the questions.

a) Xylem and Phloem are conducting tissues.

b) Carbohydrates are cheapest and most ready source of energy.

c) Enzymes are responsible for chemical digestion of food.

d) Plasma is the fluid part of the blood in which the cells are suspended.

e) Hemoglobin combines with oxygen and transport to different cells of the body.

f) Neutron is the negative charged particles in an atom.

g) Helium is the lightest gas.

h) Venus is the smallest planet of the solar system.

i) Image of an object is formed on the retina of the eye.

j) Barometer is used for measuring the current.


Note: Attempt TEN questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1. Earthquakes have helped a great deal in deciphering the internal structure of the earth. Comment
on this statement.

2. Discuss briefly the achievements of Muslims in the development of science. State the reasons of
downfall of science in Muslim Society.
3. Discuss in detail the fission and fusion processes. Which one of thee processes in the source of solar

4. Give a detailed description of global warming and its possible effects on life. What measures have
been taken by various nations to tackle this problem?

5. Give chemical name of one Nitrogenous and one Phosphorus containing fertilizer. What is the role of
Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potash in the growth and development of various parts of a plant.

6. Write short notes on the following:

(i) Conductor
(ii) Resistor
(iii) Semi-conductor
(iv) Thermistor
(v) Transistor

7. Write short notes on five of the following:

(i) Antibody
(ii) Blood group
(iii) Carbon cycle
(iv) Nitrogen cycle
(v) Scavenger
(vi) Reaction time
(vii) Photosynthesis
(viii) Starfish

8.Which of the following statements are true?

(i) Trout is a sea fish

(ii) Epiphytes is a plant that grows upon another plant.
(iii) Hepatitis is inflammation of membranes surrounding the brain.
(iv) Meningitis is the inflammation of liver.
(v) Equinox is the time when the sun appears vertically overhead at noon at the equator.
(vi) Drought is a long period of rain.
(vii) Joseph Aspdin is the inventor of cement.
(viii) Neurology is the science of nervous system.
(ix) Biochemistry is the application of statistics in the study of Biology.
(x) Aviculture is the science of the rearing of animals.

9. Name the quantities which are measured by the following units.

(i) Newton
(ii) Joule
(iii) Watt
(iv) Volt
(v) Light year
(vi) Angstrom
(vii) Acre-foot
(viii) Becquerel
(ix) Hertz
(x) Cusec

10. Match the cause of the disease:


Protein deficiency
Iodine deficiency in diet
Salmonella typhosa
Deficiency of vitamin D

11. What is the function of each of the following in a motor car:

(i) Gear box

(ii) Battery
(iii) Carburetor
(iv) Dynamo
(v) Radiator

12. Explain the following

(i) Blood group

(ii) Short circuit
(iii) Short sight
(iv) International date line
(v) Plaster of Paris

13. Answer the following

(i) Of what lead pencils are made of?

(ii) Why is ones breath visible in cold but not in hot weather?
(iii) What is the chemical composition of diamond?
(iv) Name the vaccine that protects against tuberculosis.
(v) Name the disease of the liver that causes a patient to turn yellow.

14. Fill in the blanks

(i) ___________ is a hypothetical region of space having a gravitational pull so great that no matter or
radiation can escape from it.

(ii) ___________ are used against mould and fungi.

(iii) The science which deals with heredity is known as ___________.

(iv) Insulin is used for the treatment of ___________.

(v) ___________ is the first space man.

(vi) ___________ is the farthest planet from the sun in Solar System.

(vii) The distance between the earth and the sun is called ___________.

(viii) The study of chemical processes of living organisms is called ___________.

(ix) The first computer virus invented by two Pakistani brothers is called the ___________.

(x) Severe efficiency of vitamin C results in ___________.

15. Differentiate between any five of the following.

(i) Artery and vein

(ii) Hard water and soft water
(iii) E-mail and Snail mail
(iv) Apes and monkey
(v) Hydrostatics and hydrodynamics
(vi) Comet and meteor
(vii) Barrage and dam
(viii) Electron and hole
(ix) Isobars and isotopes
(x) Autopsy and biopsy.


Note: Attempt TEN questions. All questions carry equal marks. Draw diagrams where
necessary. Negative marking would be done for incorrect answers in Question Nos. 13 and

1. Discuss the role and achievements of Muslim physicists during the 10th century.

2. Explain the structure of Earth and its atmosphere.

3. Write short notes on any two of the following

(i) Solar eclipse
(ii) Thermoplastics
(iii) Non-renewable energy resources.

4. What are pesticides? Discuss their classification, commonly in use with agronomists.

5. What is the difference between

(i) BIT and BYTE

(ii) RAM and ROM
(iii) C.U. and A.L.U
(iv) Hardware and Software
(v) Personal computer and mainframe

6. Explain any five of the following terms (innot more than four lines each):

(i) Osmosis glycolysis

(ii) Phototaxis
(iii) Transpiration
(iv) Saponification
(v) Emulsion

7. Fill in the blanks

(i) A sheet of muscles called ___________ separates the chest from the abdomen.

(ii) In the human body, blood-clotting factor is produced by the ___________

(iii)Human blood is able to carry large amounts of oxygen because of the chemical ___________.

(iv)The living part of a plant cell is composed of a nucleus and ___________.

(v) The pattern for building protein molecules is stored in the ___________.

(vi) Anvil and stirrup are names of bones present in the ___________.

(vii) The front of the eye is covered with a tough transparent material called ___________.
(viii) The young plant inside a grain of wheat is called the ___________

(ix) In born behaviour that involve only one part of the body are called ___________

(x) The smallest branches of an artery lead into tiny blood vessels called ___________.

8. What are Exocrine glands? Give names of any four along with the name of their secretion.

9. Which quantity do the following units measure:

(i) Volt
(ii) Coloumb
(iii) Walt
(iv) Ohm
(v) Mho
(vi) Ampere
(vii) Dyne
(viii) Celcius
(ix) Joule
(x) Calorie

10. Give scientific reasons (in not more than four lines each) for the following:

(i) Meat takes longer to cook on the mountains

(ii) Water remains cool in earthen pitchers
(iii) Ice and salt mixture is used as a freezing agent by manual ice cream makers.
(iv) It is not advisable to sleep under trees during the night.
(v) Greenhouse operators paint their glass roofs white in summer.

11. Which par/organ of the human body do the following belong:

(i) Eustachian tube

(ii) Cartilage
(iii) Auricle
(iv) Tendon
(v) Dendrites

12.Briefly describe the solar system. Name its members outlines the main characteristics of any two

13. Fill in the blanks.

(i) Insulin is produced in the human body by the ___________. (Liver, Pancreas, Gallbladder)

(ii) In an animal cell protein is synthesized in the ___________. (Nucleus, Mitochondria, Ribosome)

(iii) Chemically finger nails are made up of ___________. (Carbohydrate, Protein, Minerals)

(iv) Muscle stiffness is a symptom caused by the disease ___________ (Polio, Tetanus, Rabies)

(v) Animals which obtain their food from dead organisms are called ___________. (Carnivores,
Scavengers, Saprophytes)

(vi) ___________ is not affected by cooking. (Ascorbic acid, Thiamin, Riboflavin)

(vii) Rickets is caused by the deficiency of vitamin ___________. (A, D, K)

(viii) The number of chromosomes in the spermatozoa is ___________ (Twenty-two, twenty-three,


(ix) The fat in our food is digested by the enzymes ___________. (clipase, lactase, trypsin)
(x) The most abundant element in the human body is ___________. (Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen)

14. Which of the following statements are false and which are true.

(i) Sound is a form of energy

(ii) A fraction of sunlight is refracted as it enters the earths atmosphere.
(iii) The energy possessed by a water fall is kinetic energy.
(iv) Rainbows are produced by the reflection of light through raindrops.
(v) Light switches in our homes are connected in parallel series.
(vi) Generators convert mechanical energy into electricity.
(vii) Modern incandescent bulbs contain filaments made of copper.
(viii) A steam engine cannot be powered by fossil fuels.
(ix) Nuclear energy is a cheap source of abundant electricity.
(x) Oil bulbs cleaner and is less damaging to the environment than coal as a fuel.

15. Match words of List A with those of List B


Amino acid
Vitamin A

Note: Attempt TEN questions. All questions carry equal marks. Draw diagrams where
necessary. Negative marking would be done for incorrect answers in Question Nos. 1 and 2.

1. Which of the following statements are true.

a) Jabir Ibne Hayyan was the author book Kitab Al- Manazir.
b) Abyl Qasim Al-Zahravi was a famous Muslim mathematician.
c) The speed of light is nearly 300,000 km/sec.
d) Ideally water can e used as a car fuel after electrolysis.
e) A machine helps us do more work with less force.
f) Our eye is very sensitive to blue light.
g) We can receive TV sound signal on our FM radio sets.
h) Sound can travel through vacuum.
i) Famous Muslim botanist Ibn Al Baitar lived during the period 700-90 A.D.
j) A ceramic engine would have greater efficiency.

2. Fill in the blanks with the correct choice.

a) Al Beruni died in ____________ A.D. (848, 1048, 1248)

b) Abu Ali Sina was born in ____________. (Iraq, Turkey, Spain)

c) ____________ colour has shortest wavelength. (blue, yellow, green)

d) ____________ metal has the highest electrical conductivity. (silver, tungsten, copper)

e) Light travels fastest in ____________. (glass, vacuum, plastics)

f) Our solar system has about ____________ satellites. (thirty-five, fifty, ninety-six)

g) The universe is ____________. (contracting, expanding, stationary)

h) The disease, hemophilia is caused by the deficiency of vitamin ____________ (A, K, D)

i) ____________ is a natural polymer. (glucose, protein, polyethylene)

j) ____________ cannot be nominated for the Nobel Prize. (physicists, economists, astronomers)

3. Define any five of the following terms.

a) Biogas
b) Geothermal energy
c) Vaccine
d) Antibiotic
e) Ceramics
f) Light year

4. Briefly discuss classification of plants giving suitable example of each type.

5. What are Endocrine Glands? Name any two. From which part of the body are the following secreted:

a) Insulin
b) Thyroxin
c) Adrenaline
d) Oestrogen
e) Testosterone
f) Cortisol

6.What does laser stand for? Describe four different applications, clearly stating their principle.

7. Define energy. What are its units in the metric system? Name two devices each in which major part
of electrical energy is converted into hear, light, sound, mechanical energy.

8. What do the following scientific abbreviations stand for?

a) LPG
b) TNT
c) RNA
d) CNG
e) ATP
f) RBC
g) ECG
h) PVC
i) RAM
j) CFC

9. Write short notes on any two of the following

a) Acid rain
b) Green house effect
c) Ozone depletion

10. What are the three components of the CPU in a computer? What is the function of each?

11. Draw clearly the vertical section of a human body. Indicating various parts. How are adult human
teeth classified?

12. Briefly describe the principle and function of a camera. Mention its essential parts along with brief
comparison with an eye.

13. Explain briefly, the formation of day and night. How do seasonal variations occur on our earth?

14. Differentiate between any five of the following

a) Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics

b) Lunar eclipse and solar eclipse
c) Asteroid and meteorite
d) Renewable and non-renewable energy resources
e) Endothermic and exothermic reactions
f) Star and planet
g) Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion

15. Fill in the blanks

a) ______________ are biological catalysts which have multiple function in the body.

b) The difference between electrical charges at the two ends of a conductor is called ______________.

c)The branch of zoology which deals with the study of insects is called ______________.

d) Electric current is measured by an ______________.

e) Dry ice is solid ______________.

f) Fuels formed from animal and plant matter that lived thousands of years ago are known as

g) Light with larger wavelength than that of the red colour is called ______________.

h) Penicillin was discovered by ______________.

i) Medulla Oblongata connects the ______________ with the spinal chord.

j) The pH of normal human blood is ______________.



Note: Attempt TEN questions. All questions carry equal marks. Draw diagrams where
necessary. Negative marking would be done for incorrect answers in Question Nos. 1 and

1. Which of the following statements are true and which are false.

a) Cryptograms are non-flowering plants.

b) Reserve food material is usually stored as glycogen in plants.
c) Streptococcus is a gram negative bacteria
d) Spinach is a good source of vitamin K.
e) Insulin is a hormone secreted by the spleen.
f) Femur is a bone of the forearm.
g) The moon has no atmosphere.
h) Excessive burning of fossil fuels cause acid rain.
i) Twenty-first of June is the longest day of the year in the northern hemisphere.
j) Electricity is a secondary source of energy.

2. Define any FIVE of the following scientific terms.

a) Doping
b) Immunization
c) Pasteurization
d) Modulation
e) Catabolism
f) Reprocessing of reactor fuel.

3. What do you understand by the term deforestation? Discuss its ill-effects on the mankind.

4. Fill in the blanks.

a) The largest planet of the solar system is _________.

b) The outermost layer of the earth is called _________.

c) Newton is the unit of _________.

d) Radium was discovered by _________.

e) The memory of the computer is expressed in _________.

f) Quartz is a crystalline form of _________.

g) AIDS is caused by _________.

h) Chemical name of gypsum is _________.

i) Molten super hot material present inside a volcano is called _________.

j) Richter scale measures the severity of _________.

5. What is composition of blood? Describe six main functions of blood.

6. Write short notes (not more than 150 words) on any two of the following.

a) Semi-conductors
b) Pesticides
c) Laser.

7. Write short notes (not more than 100 words) on the ife and works of any TWO of the following

a) Ibn Al Baitar
b) Al Beruni
c) Ibn al Haitham

8. Give brief explanation of any FIVE of the following.

a) The earth bulges out at the equator.

b) The sun appears red at the sunset and sunrise.
c) Ozone layer in the upper atmosphere is necessary for our survival.
d) The sky when viewed from the moon appears completely black.
e) Australian continent has winter season when we have summer season in Pakistan.
f) Roads are bent inwards on curves.
9. Write an essay (not more than 200 words) on Variation of apparent moon size. Draw diagram to
support your description.

10. Classify the following animals are reptiles, mammals, birds and fish.

a) Blue whale
b) Cobra
c) Panda
d) Ostrich
e) Penguin
f) Kiwi
g) Shark
h) Alligator
i) Dolphin
j) Tortoise.

11. Name all the organs of the excretory system of the human body. Draw a labeled diagram and
explain the functions of each organ.

12. Differentiate between the following.

a) Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia

b) Epidemic and endemic
c) Herbivores and carnivores
d) Photosynthesis and respiration
e) Pollination and fertilization

13. How do our domestic and industrial activities pollute water? Explain with reference to two
important industries of Pakistan.

14. Fill in the blanks with the correct choice.

a) pH of blood is (3.4-4.4, 7.3-7.4, 9.3-9.4)

b) One of the countries through which equator passes is (Kenya, Pakistan, Malaysia)

c) Purest form of iron is (pig iron, wrought iron, cast iron)

d) Hypo is a solution of (sodium chloride, silver nitrate, sodium thiosulphate)

e) Cod liver oil contains (Vitamin K, Vitamin E,, Vitamin D)

f) Aorta is an organ of the (nervous system, circulatory system,, digestive system)

g) Planet Mars has (one, two, four) moons.

h) Bauxite is an ore of (boron, aluminium, magnesium).

i) Circular aperture which appears as a dark spot in the eye is called (iris, pupil, lens)

j) The most distant planet in the solar system is (mars, Pluto, Jupiter)

15. Match the scientists and their discoveries/inventions given in column (a) and (b)

Charles Darwin

Laws of heredity
Theory of evolution
Mass energy conversion equation


1. Which of the following statements are true and which are false.

a) Bacteria are parasites

b) Ruby is an Oxide of Aluminum
c) In the Australian continent, days are longer than nights in June.
d) Gypsum is hydrated calcium carbonate chemically.
e) Twenty-three moons revolve around Saturn
f) Pluto is the coldest planet
g) Chromite ore contains chromium oxide
h) Mica is a nonconductor of electricity.
i) Sun is the biggest star in the universe.
j) The earth completes one rotation about its axis in 365.25 days.

2. Write short notes on any Two of the following

(i) Structure of cell (animal)

(ii) Hovering satellite
(iii) Water pollution

3. Describe briefly any Five of the following terms

(i) Ecosystem
(ii) Laser
(iii) Alloy
(iv) Polymer
(v) Diffusion
(vi) Balanced diet

4. Fill in the blanks

(i) The capacity to do work is called _________.

(ii) The energy possessed by a body die to its position is called _________.

(iii) Kitab al-Manazir is a publication by a famous Muslim scientist about _________.

(iv) _________ usually lies in the centre of an animal cell.

(v) Calcium and _________ are the essential elements of bones.

(vi) Proteins are formed by combination of _________.

(vii) Rainwater dissolves sulphur dioxide to form _________

(viii) The set of instructions given to a computer is called _________.

(ix) Chemicals such as penicillin which set on _________ are called antibiotics.
(x) Comet Shoemaker Levy 9 hit the planet _________ in July this year.

5. Name the three major parts of human brain and the functions they control. Make a rough labeled
diagram of the brain.

6. Explain what is meant by Non-conventional source of energy. Describe any three of these.

7. Give brief answers for any five of the following

(i) Name the two proteins found in milk.

(ii) What organ of human body controls the amount of water and salt in blood?
(iii) Drugs are classified into five major groups. Define any two.
(iv) How do chromosomes in a male and female (enter) in a human body?
(v) Which two gases do you exhale more than you inhale?
(vi) Name any two glands which secretes hormones in human body.

8. Explain briefly any two of the following phenomena.

(i) Lunar eclipse

(ii) Photosynthesis
(iii) Formation of a rainbow

9. Differentiate between any five of the following pairs.

(i) Veins and arteries

(ii) PNP and NPN transistor
(iii) Electronic current and static electricity
(iv) Concave and convex lens
(v) Fats and oils
(vi) Absorption and adsorption

10. Describe in detail, the impact of scientist inventions on agriculture.

11. What are viruses? Describe their structure. Which of the following diseases are caused by virus and
which are caused by bacteria?

(i) Polio
(ii) Diphtheria
(iii) AIDS
(iv) Tetanus
(v) Smallpox
(vi) Measles

12. Describe the principle, construction and working of telephone.

13. Which part of a plant do they belong to?

(i) Ginger
(ii) Raddish
(iii) Potato
(iv) Cinnamon
(v) Peanut
(vi) Saffron
(vii) Almond
(viii) Chillies
(ix) Spinach
(x) Tomato
14. Which field of study do the following branches of science represent?

(i) Haematology
(ii) Cytology
(iii) Morphology
(iv) Psychology
(v) Geology

15. Fill in the blanks.

(i) In a heat engine, heat energy is changed into _________ (mechanical energy, magnetic energy,
light energy)

(ii) Frequency of audible sound in Hertz (Hz) is _________ (20 20,000Hz, 20,000 30,000Hz,
30,000 4,000Hz)

(iii) Deficiency of vitamin B causes _________ (rickets, beriberi, night blindness)

(iv) Cheapest source of producing electricity is _________ (coal, natural gas, water)

(v) The smallest unit of measurement of wavelength is _________ (micrometer, angstrom,


(vi) The chemical generally used in refrigerators is _________ (ethylene, glycofreon, methyl alcohol)

(vii) The unit of TON to specify air conditioners is equal to _________ (10,000 BTU/hour, 12,000
BTU/hour, 16,000 BTU/hour)

(viii) Unit of electricity KILOWATT HOUR is the unit of (force, work, power)

(ix) Period of famous Muslim scientists is _________ (3rd 5th century, 6th 7th century, 7th 13th
century A.D.)

(x) Heat radiation travels at a speed equal to _________ (half the speed of light, speed of light, speed
of wind)


1. Which of the following statements are false and which are true.

a) Urea is a phosphorous fertilizer

b) Ibn Baitar was a renowned Muslim Botanist
c) Penicillin was discovered by Edward Jenner
d) Cellulose is a natural polymer
e) Vitamin A and D are water soluble.
f) Amoeba is a unicellular animal
g) Solar eclipse occurs in full moon
h) Water is a bad conductor of electricity
i) Leprosy is a disorder of the nervous system
j) Chlorofluorocarbons cause decomposition of ozone

2. Write short notes on any two of the following

a) Nitrogen cycle
b) Solar system
c) Green house effect

3. Describe any of the following terms in not more than four lines.
a) Mitosis
b) Hemophilia
c) Reflex action
d) Metabolism
e) Fission
f) Non-renewable energy resources

4. Fill in the blanks with correct choice.

(i) Quartz is chemically a _____________.

(ii) Chicken egg is composed of _____________.

(iii) Visible light energy has the wavelength range of _____________.

(iv) The particles with positive charge but having mass equal to that of electron is called _________ .

(v) Gas in childrens play-balloons going upward is ____________.

(vi) Standard pressure is ______________.

(vii) Iron corrodes due to the formation of ________________.

5. What is the difference between a DAM and a Barrage? Why cannot Barrages be used for
production of hydroelectric power?

6. What are plastics? Discuss their important properties which have contribute to their extensive use in
modern industry. Explain their adverse effects on
(i) Environment
(ii) Agriculture

7. Give reasons of the following:

a) A 25 watts incandescent bulb provides much less light than a 25 watts fluorescent tube light.
b) A ball dropped vertically on the ground does not rise to its original height.
c) Meat takes longer time to cook on a mountaintop than at sea level.
d) More stirring is needed when sugar is dissolved in cold coffee than in hot coffee

8. Explain in detail what is a balanced diet; name a nutrient present in each of the following food

(i) Apple
(ii) Bread
(iii) Meat
(iv) Butter
(v) Orange
(vi) Egg
(vii) Milk
(viii) Spinach

9. Differentiate between

(i) Latitude & Longitude

(ii) Pig Iron & Cost Iron
(iii) Hard Water & Heavy Water
(iv) Drug use & Drug abuse

10. What are the warm blooded animals? Give any two examples. Explain any three traits found in
warm blooded animals

11. What does the abbreviation LASER stand for? Point out three differences between laser and
ordinary light. Mention two applications of Laser.

12. Name the instruments used for measuring each of the following

(i) Pressure
(ii) Voltage
(iii) Purity of milk
(iv) Temperature
(v) Velocity of wing

13. What is Computer? Name their different classes. Briefly explain the term Software and Hardware.

14. Muslim Scientists contributed in science and mathematics during the period 8th 13th century.
Name five scientists who are well known for their contribution in the following fields during the era.

(i) Chemistry
(ii) Algebra
(iii) Light

15. Fill in the blanks

(i) Starch is a polymer of __________.

(ii) A big astronomical observatory known as the _________________________ was established

during the reign of Caliph Mamoon.

(iii) Adrenalin is secreted by the Adrenal _______________.

(iv) ________ planet is nearest to the earth.

(v) CFC is the abbreviation of _____________________.

(vi) The process of conversion of a material from solid state directly to gaseous state is called

(vii) A junction diode is formed by PWP semiconductor pieces whereas junction transistor is a sandwich
made up of P__________ transistor.


1. Give an account of the contributions of Muslim Scientists during the period extending from the
eighth to twelfth century.

2. Explain any three of the following Laws of Science.

(a) Law of Heredity

(b) Law of Gravitation
(c) Law of floatation of Bodies
(d) Law of Conversation of Energy

3. In addition of performing major functions, some organs of the body secrete hormones also. Name
any four of these organs and mention some of the hormones they secrete.

4. Attempt any five of the following

(a) The solar system has

(i) 9 planets
(ii) 12 planets
(iii) 16 planets

(b) The science of study of old age is called

(i) Gerontology
(ii) Carcinology
(iii) Nephrology

(c) The instrument used for measuring the velocity

(i) Barometer
(ii) Anemometer
(iii) Potometer

(d) The science which deals with the bird is called

(i) Entomology
(ii) Ornithology
(iii) Herpetology

(e) The function of the thermostat in a refrigerator is

(i) To increase the freezing point

(ii) To Lower the temperature
(iii) To maintain the temperature

(f) Blotting paper absorbs ink because

(i) It has a chemical affinity for ink

(ii) The action of capillary
(iii) The force of gravitation acts between blotting paper and ink.

(g) Mirage is an example of

(i) Reflection of light

(ii) Refraction and internal reflection of light
(iii) Polarization of light

5. What do you understand by biochemical cycle? Give an account of nitrogen or carbon cycle?

6. Where are the following animals found? Answer any five.

a) Kangaroo
b) Kiwi
c) Llama
d) Ibex
e) Panda
f) Snow Leopard
g) Penguin

7. Name the sources of any five of the following biological products.

a) Musk
b) Codeine
c) Cocaine
d) Quinine
e) Colchicines
f) Digilain

8. (a) What is meant by rotation of crops? What advantages result from this practice?

(b) Why does an electric bulb make a sudden loud noise when it is broken?

(c) What is the scientific basic of the following?

(i) Pasteurizing milk

(ii) Breathing after running

9. Differentiate between any five of the following

a) DNA and RNA

b) Alloy and Amalgam
c) Blood and Lymph
d) Stars and Planets
e) Gas and Vapour
f) Brass and Bronze
g) Small pox and Measles

10. Fill in the blanks

a) The age of a tree can be determined by counting ___________ .

b) In a normal resting man, the rate of heart beat is ____ per minutes.

c) In Pakistan copper is found in ________ .

d) American space shuttle _______________ is the first winged space hip to orbit and return to airport

e) _________ a defect of vision which does not permit to see clearly the distant objects.

f) The brightest planet is ________

11. (a) What gases are taken in and given out by a green plant in darkness and in sunlight?
(b) What are the characteristics of insect pollinated flowers?
(c) What is heavy water?
(d) What is twinkling of stars? Explain.
(e) What do you understand by half life time of a radioactive substance?
(f) What is Cellulose? What are its uses?

12. Describe briefly the principle and working of any two of the following appliances

a) Radar
b) Television
c) Pressure cooker

13. Name two diseases caused by following groups of micro-organisms.

a) Bacteria
b) Viruses
c) Protozoa
d) Fungi
14. (a) What are the commercial forms of the iron?
(b) What is baking powder chemically?
(c) What are the uses of sulfuric acid?

15. Write short notes on any five of the following

(a) Haemophiia
(b) Tuber
(c) Catalyst
(d) Early Bird
(e) German Silver
(f) Laser
(g) Spectrum colours


1. (a) What is science? Give a brief introduction?

(b) In what aspects science differs from arts, literature and philosophy?
(c) What disciplines of realms of human knowledge can be included in Natural Science, social sciences
and Humanities?
(d) Make a list of limitations of Science

2. Highlight the contributions of any three of the following:

(a) Umar Khayyam

(b) Ibn Sina
(c) Al Farabi
(d) Ibn e Nafis
(e) Al Kinidi

3. Give scientific examples. Discuss whether science and technology have made life for man easier
than it was 500 years ago?

4. (a) What are the main groups of ceramics in respect of their use in our daily life?
(b) What are plastics? Give their properties and uses in detail in life?
(c) Distinguish between Pig Iron, Cast Iron and Wrought Iron.

5. (a) Name the members of solar system.

(b) Explain briefly the formation of days and nights.
(c) How seasonal variation occurs on our earth?

6. (a) Explain work, energy, and power and give their units.
(b) How work may be converted into energy vice versa?

7. (a) Mention the characteristics of laser with the influence of each property.
(b) What is doping and how its influence on the division of semi conductors into N & P Type

8. (a) Distinguish between Computers and Microprocessors.

(b) What are the main elements of a Micro Computer?
(c) What do you mean by peripherals, hardwares and softwares?

9. (a) Write response on the following

1. The method by which men provides for his everyday needs and desires is called (Technology,
Engineering, Versatility)

2. Of all the flying machines, man has made only (Balloon Jet Air Craft, Rockets) are suitable for space

3.Transistors do not need a warm u period because they have no (Plate, Grid, Filament)
4.If an object gives off its own light, it is said to be (transparent, illuminated, luminous)

5.An electric heater would be most likely to produce (X-rays, Ultra Violet, I R Radiations)

(b) Fill in the blanks

(i) If the mass/volume ratio of a box containing stones is equal to the mass volume ratio of a box
containing feather than the box containing ________ has smaller volume of material in it.

(ii) In nay one kind of atom, the number of proton, electrons is the same, it is the number of
_________ which may change from atom to atom of the same element.

(iii) The _________ scale of temperature is called the absolute scale.

(iv) The type of radiation hat is unaffected by magnetic field is called __________ .

(v) If we know the mass of an object and the force applied on it, it is possible to calculate _________
of the object.

10. Distinguish between the following

(a) Artificial Radio Activity

(b) Electron and Beta Rays
(c) Hydel Power and Nuclear Power
(d) Photo-Voltaic and Photo Electric Effect
(e) Microscope and Telescope

11. Match the following pairs from list I & list II

List I

Pace Maker

List II

Bleeding disease
Nerve cell
Amino acid

12. (a) Give a definition of the following

(i) Inflammation
(ii) Transfusion
(iii) Reflex Action
(iv) Anemia
(v) Heart Sounds

(b) Differentiate between the following

(i) Enzymes
(ii) Insulin and Trypsin
(iii) Root
(iv) Cellulose
(v) Milligram and Kilogram

13. Write short note of any three of the following

(i) Digestion
(ii) Malaria
(iii) Vitamin
(iv) Pollination

14. (a) Name the organs responsible for the following functions present in either elements, plants or



Hormone Secretion

Blood Pumping

Food Storage

(b) Fill in the blanks

(i) Active transport in animals and plants required metabolic energy and ______________ to carry the
substances across cell membranes electrical gradient.

(ii) Diseases that spread through air are called _________ disease.

(iii) Large trees give off ___________ for the support of their heavy spreading branches.

(iv) When iron is less in body the quantity of __________ in cell decreases.

(v) Arteries become hard due to deposition of _____________________ in them.

15. In which organ these parts are present in animal or human body. Describe its structure and
functions briefly.


1. Write a brief note on the transmission and reception of Radio waves?

2. Write at least five important functions of human skin.

3. Give a comparison of Camera and human eye.

4. What is meant by semiconductor? Explain how the conductivity of such material changes with:
(i) Temperature
(ii) The presence of impurities.

5. (a) Define the term pesticide.

(b) Name any four living organisms on which following pesticides are effective?
(c) What are the harmful effects of these pesticides are human life?

6. What are the animal and plant sources of the following?

Vitamin B1


Vitamin A


Vitamin B

Vitamin E1

Nicotinic Acid

7. Lunar Eclipse occurs only at about the times of full moon while solar eclipse never occurs on full
moon days. Explain why?

8. (a) Give chemical name of one Nitrogen and one phosphorous containing fertilizer.
(b) What is the role of Nitrogen and phosphorous in the growth and development of various parts of

9. (a) What do you know about Endocrine Glands?

(b) From which part of the body following hormone are secreted?
(i) Insulin
(ii) Thyroxin
(iii) Adrenalin
(iv) Oestrogen
(v) Progesterone
(vi) Testosterone

10. What is the difference between any five of the following?

(i) Rock and Soil
(ii) Air cooler and Air conditioner
(iii) Electron and Beta particles
(iv) Conductor and Insulator
(v) Power and Energy
(vi) Mitosis and Meiosis
(vii) Analogy and Homology

11. Give the principles and brief working of any two of the following.
(i) Rocket
(ii) Atomic Reactor
(iii) Vaccine
(iv) Telephone

12. (a) Match name of scientist with his discovery.

Antonio Vas Leuwenhoek

Alexander Fleming
Dr. C. Gilbert
Edward Jenner

Small Pox Vaccine
Micro organism
Periodic Table

(b) Name the scientific field in which following Muslim scientists have made their contribution.

Jabir Bin Hayyan

Ibn el Haitham

Ibn Baitar

Abu al Qasim Zharvi

Al Khwarizmi

13. (a) Prepare separate lists of Natural and Synthetic Polymers from the follwong.


Nucleic Acid





(b) Give uses of any two of the following types of plastics.

(i) Polyvinyl chloride
(ii) Polyethylene
(iii) Bakelite

14. Identify the effects produced by the following drugs.

(i) Marijuana
(ii) LSD
(iii) Heroine
(iv) Codeine

15. Write short notes on any two of the following

(i) DNA
(ii) Acid Rain
(iii) Green house Effect
(iv) Sex Linked Inheritance


1. (a) What are the main reasons of water logging in Pakistan?

(b) How does a tube well reclaims a water logged soil?
(c) What is salinity?
(d) How do we reclaim a saline soil?
(e) What is reflex arc?

2. (a) What are the main components of Computer?

(b) State the Steps involved in solving a problem on computer

3. The chemical formula of water is H2O. Why no formula is given to air?

4. (a) What is the composition of air of atmosphere?

(b) How rainbow is formed?
(c) How do plants make their food?
(d) What is the end product of this process?
(e) What is the difference between mixture and compound?
(f) What is the smallest planet of solar system?

5. (a) Why it is easier to push heavy grass mover than to lift it?
(b) Why a bomber does not drop a bomb when it is vertically above the target?
(c) What are the producers and consumers in an ecosystem?
(d) How Heroin is produced?
(e) What is the difference between hard water and heavy water?

6. Fill in the blanks.

(i) Pressure cooker works on the principle that the boiling point of a liquid ______________ with the
increase of pressure.

(ii) ______________ is the best conductor of electricity.

(iii) Blood Cells are manufactured by ______________ of the body.

(iv) The smallest organism which causes disease is virus and even smaller is ______________.

(v) Neutron, Positron and Proton have ______________ and ______________ charges respectively.

7. Write short notes on any two of the following.

(i) Heredity
(b) Photosynthesis
(c) Antibiotic
(d) Process of digestion in human body

8. Define the following.

(i) Sericulture
(ii) Haemophilia
(iii) Atherosclerosis
(iv) Radioactivity
(v) Vitamin C
(vi) Gypsum
(vii) Stainless Steel
(viii) Fats and Oils
(ix) Chromosome
(x) Phobia

9. (a) Explain the difference between a car battery and dry battery cells.
(b) Pepsin and Tripsin
(c) Washing Soda and Caustic Soda
(d) X Rays and Gamma rays
(e) Small pox and Measles

10. Write the scientific principle of the following:

(a) Thermometer
(b) Electric Fuse
(c) Rocket
(d) Laser
(e) Lever

11. (i) How can you separate the constituents of a mixture of Iodine, Common salt, and powdered
(ii) What is the difference between telescope and a microscope?
(iii) Under what principle electricity is produced by water held up by a dam?
(iv) What is the duration of day and night in polar region? Explain why?

12. How can steel be manufacture from iron ore? Explain.

13. What are the uses of the following instruments?

(i) Galvanometer
(ii) Gyroscope
(iii) Lactometer
(iv) Barometer
(v) Spectrophotometer-meter
(vi) Periscope
(vii) Seismometer
(viii) Meter
(ix) Tachometer
(x) Geiger counter


1. Describe briefly any two of the following:

(a) Abcess
(b) Appendicitis
(c) Asthma
(d) Goiter

2. What is the structure and function of human kidney?

3. What is the factor responsible for environmental pollution in Pakistan?

4. Name at least five important products which are obtained during refining the crude oil.

5. Write short notes on any two of the following.

(a) Green House Effect
(b) Pollination
(c) Photosynthesis
(d) Chromosome

6. What is integrated circuit? What are its uses?

7. What is the composition of human blood? How clotting of blood take place?

8. What do you mean by the following term? Answer any five.

(i) Palaeontology
(ii) Limnology
(iii) Sericulture
(iv) Agronomy
(v) Histology
(f) Apiculture

9. What is meant by rectification? Explain the use of a diode as rectifier?

10. (a) Give composition of China Clay.
(b) What is the use of Borax in Ceramic Industry?

11. (a) Match correct composition.



(b) Name the gas used in any two of the following.

(i) Refrigerator
(ii) Aerated drink
(iii) Kitchen gas stove

12. Explain the Principle of Television.

13. (a) What is the difference between Revolution and Rotation of the earth?
(b) How long it take to complete one revolution and rotation?
(c) What major earths phenomena are resulted from revolution and rotation?

14. (a) Name two mineral exported by Pakistan.

(b) Name the industries which depend upon the following.
(i) Common Salt
(ii) Sulphur
(iii) Silicon
(iv) Gypsum

15. Name the chemicals which are added in the following either for preservation or for nutritional
(i) Fruit and Fruit juices
(ii) Drinking Water Chlorine
(iii) Vegetable Ghee
(iv) Meat


1. What are the achievements of the following scientists?

Muhammad Bin Zakria Razi

Ibne Al Hasham

Jabir Bin Hayyan

Ibne Rushd


Watson and Clark

2. Who discovered or invented the following? Answer any five.


X Ray


Circulation of blood



Mercury thermometer

3. (a) What do you understand by blood pressure?

(b) What is the blood pressure in man under normal condition?
(c) What is Reflex Action?
(d) What is the difference between a virus and a bacterium?
(e) Name any viral disease special to children.

4. (a) What do you understand by immunity?

(b) What is the principle of immunization?
(c) Why is matching of blood groups done before giving blood transfusion?
(d) What is the principle of pasteurization?

5. Name the disease which are caused by the deficiency of the following.

Vitamin A(C2H29OH)

Vitamin B1

Vitamin C

Vitamin K




6. Fill in the blanks.

(a) A process of digestion begins in ______________ .

(b) Sometimes when white blood corpuscles greatly increase in number, they cause a disease called

(c) The principle of wireless telegraphy was discovered by ______________.

(d) Earth is one of the ______________ planets which revolves round the sun.

(e) The planet nearest to the sun is ______________.

7. Define the following.

(a) Nuclear Fission
(b) Cast Iron
(c) Bronze
(d) German Silver
(e) Washing Soda (Na2CO3)
(f) Caustic Soda (NaOH)
(g) Nebula

8. (a) What is the function of root tubers?

(b) What is the main difference between an animal and plant cell?
(c) Why are the leaves of pine tree needle shaped?
(d) How is the age of tree determined?

9. (a) Describe the process of photosynthesis in plants.

(b) Name the positively phototropic and negatively phototropic parts of a plant.

10. (a) How a rainbow is produced?

(b) What are the component colours of rainbow?
(c) What do you know about the Milky Way?
(d) Why do you hear thunder after and see flash of light first?
(e) How an earthquake is caused?

11. Make five matching pairs from list A and B.

Ring worm

Amino Acids
Bessemer Process
Contact process

12. Define
(a) Chromometer
(b) Lactometer
(c) Gyroscope
(d) Periscope
(e) Barometer

13. Where do the following animals occur?





Rattles snake
Snow leopard


14. Distinguish between the following (Answer any three):

(a) Optical telescope and radio telescope
(b) Weather and climate
(c) Isotherm and Isobar
(d) Small pox and measles
(e) Erosion and corrosion
(f) Epidemic and endemic
(g) Cost iron and wrought iron.

15. Define five of the following:

(a) Food Chain
(b) Sumbiosis
(c) Geotropism
(d) Arteriosclerosis
(e) Hemophilia
(f) Yeast

1. What are the main constituents of China Clay?

2. What are the effects of the deficiency of the following nutrients in the Human body?

(i) Iodine
(ii) Vitamin A
(iii) Vitamin B
(iv) Vitamin C
(v) Vitamin D

3. Define Ultrasonic Waves. What are some uses of Ultrasonic Waves?

4. Name the raw material used in manufactures of Plastic. What are the two well known types of
Plastics? Give at least two important properties of Plastic?

5. What is common cause of Heart Attack?

6. In what units the following can be measured?







Atomic Energy

7. What parts of the human body secrets the following enzymes? Give one important function of each.





8. Mention five applications of Laser.

9. Name the field of the following Scientists.

Jabir bin Hayyan

Ibnal Haitham

Abu Rehan al Beruni

Ibn e Sina

Al Khawarzimi

Abu Bakar Zakariyya Razi

Ibn e Baitar

Abu Qasim Zahravi

10. What do you mean by the term RADAR? Explain its working.

11. Name the six important elements which forums 99% of the human body.

12. Define the following,

1. Chain Reaction

2. Fission

3. Fusion

13. Name the important sources of energy used in the industries in Pakistan. What other alternative
sources of energy can be used in the industry?

14. What are planets? Name the known planets.

15. Given below is the list of scientists works (List A) and (List B). Match the two.

Solar system
Current Electricity
Atomic Number
Structure of DNA
Mercury Thermometer

Thomas Edison
Alfred Nobel
Watson and Clark
Graham Bell
John Baird
Robert Hooke


Q.1 Fill in the blanks:

(i) When the resultant of all the forces acting on a body is zero the body is said to be in a state of
_________________ .

(ii) Gamma Rays are similar to _________________.

(iii) The phenomenon of separation of ordinary light into its constituent colours is known as

(iv) If a body weights 600 kg on the surface of the earth then the weight of the same body on the
surface of moon will be _________________.

(v) When a bullet penetrates into a target, kinetic energy of a bullet is converted into

Q. 2 Draw well labeled diagram to Human Eye. Explain the image formation.

Q. 3 What are longitude and latitude? Why are they drawn?

Q. 4 Explain the term Element and Compound as used in Chemistry.

Q. 5 Explain the following statements.

(i) The work out put of a machine is always equal to the work input.
(ii) Gravity of all the objects is the same, regardless of their mass at a given point on the earths

Q. 6 What are the symptoms and mode of transmission of the following diseases?

Q. 7 What do you know about soaps and detergents. How do they differ from each other? What
advantages detergents over soap?

Q. 8 What is mechanism by which balance of Nitrogen is maintained in the atmosphere?

Q. 9 Give the name of five major mountain ranges of Pakistan.

Q. 10 What is lightening? How it is caused? Why it is considered to be dangerous?

Q. 11 Indicate connections between items in List A and list B by making matching pairs.

Stomach wall

B. C. G

Q. 12 Rain water is soft and river water is hard. Why? How can hardness of water be removed?

Q. 13 Describe the construction and use of a transformer.

Q. 14 (a) Discuss the industrial preparation of artificial ghree.

(b) Name the cement factories in Pakistan and enumerate its preparation.

Q. 15 Name the discoveries of the following scientists

Watson and Clark

Louis Pasteur



Edward Jenner

Q. 16 What do you know about the following.



Agua Regia

Heavy Water

Dry Ice

Methylated Spirit (CH3OH)

Chloroform (CHCl3)