You are on page 1of 4

Name: Date: Period: Day:

Geology Review
1. When sediment is pressed together and cemented, the sediment becomes rock.
2. When lava cools and solidifies, rock forms.
3. Metamorphic rock can be altered by temperature and pressure to form a different type of
rock.
4. The processes that form, change, and re-form rock is called the .
5. occurs when water, wind, ice, or heat break down rock into fragments.
6. The outermost compositional layer of the Earth is the .
7. The is denser than the crust and contains more magnesium.
8. The is divided into pieces called tectonic plates.
9. The core is the liquid layer of Earths core.
10. When all the continents were joined into a giant landmass, scientists call the landmass .
11. The lithosphere is divided into pieces called .
12. The theory that describes large-scale movements of Earths lithosphere is called
.
13. The movement of material due to differences in density that are caused by differences in temperature is
called currents.
14. What type of boundary is formed when two plates collide together?
15. What type of boundary is formed when two plates move away from each other?
16. What type of boundary is formed when two plates slide past each other?
17. The epicenter of an earthquake is directly above the .
18. True or False: Hot spots are restricted to tectonic plate boundaries.

ENERGY REVIEW WORKSHEET


Part 1. The two basic types of energy

Directions: Determine the best match between basic types of energy and the description provided. Put the
correct letter in the blank.

______1. A skier at the top of the mountain (a) Kinetic Energy

______2. Gasoline in a storage tank (b) Potential Energy

______3. A race-car traveling at its maximum speed

______4. Water flowing from a waterfall before it hits the pond below

______5. A spring in a pinball machine before it is released


______6. A match burning

Part 2. Potential Energy.

Directions: Underline the situation in each pair that has the greater amount of potential energy.

1. A stretched or unstretched spring?


2. A ticking or newly wound-up clock?
3. A new battery in an unlit flashlight or in one which is lit?
4. A roller coaster car at the top of a hill or at the bottom?
5. A match before it is lit or a match while it is burning?
Part 3. Kinetic energy.

Directions: Underline the situation in each pair that has the greater amount of kinetic energy.

1. A pole vaulter before jumping or in mid-air at the top of his jump?


2. A bowling ball when your arm is all the way back or as it hits the pins?
3. A baseball bat just before it is swung or right after it is swung?
4. You, before you get out of bed in the morning or you when you go to bed at night?
5. A match before it is lit or a match while it is burning?
Part 4. Forms of Energy Continued

Directions: Match the energy form(s) to the description provided. A few questions may have more than
one answer.

_____________1. Falling rocks from the top of a mountain (a) Mechanical

______________2. Release of energy from the Sun (b) Electrical

_____________3. Energy used to throw a baseball (c) Heat

_____________4. Batteries (d) Radiant

_____________5. The energy that runs a refrigerator (e) Chemical

_____________6. Nuclear fission reactors (f) Nuclear

_____________7. The rumble of thunder from a storm (g) Sound

_____________8. Food before it is eaten

Part 5. Transformation of Energy

Directions: Use the following forms of energy to fill in the table below: mechanical, electrical, heat,
radiant, chemical, nuclear, and sound. The first one has been done for you.

ORIGINAL ENERGY FINAL ENERGY


FORM FORM

1. Electric motor electrical mechanical

2. A battery that runs a moving toy

3. A solar panel on the roof of a house


4. A nuclear power plant

5. Gasoline powering a car

6. A light bulb

7. Photosynthesis

Mitosis D.toincreasethenumberofchromosomesinthecell

1. Duringalabexperiment,Rahullooksatsixunlabeled
slidesshowingdifferentstagesofthecellcycle.The 5.Allausesamicroscopetolookatslidesofonioncells.
teacherasksRahultoplacetheslidesinorder,starting Theslidesshowthestagesofthecellcycle.Theslides
withinterphase.InwhatordershouldRahulplacethe arelabeledandinthecorrectorder,startingwith
slides? interphase.InwhichslidewouldAllafirstsee
A.interphasecytokinesisprophaseanaphase chromosomes?
metaphasetelophase A.anaphaseB.cytokinesisC.prophaseD.telophase
B.interphaseanaphasemetaphaseprophase Meiosis
telophasecytokinesis 1.Amandaismakingapostertodescribethetwotypes
C.interphasetelophaseanaphasemetaphase ofcelldivision.Shedrawsanoutlineofahumanbody
prophasecytokinesis ontheposter.Amandawantstoshowdiagramsof
D.interphaseprophasemetaphaseanaphase mitosisandmeiosiszoomingoutfromthedifferentparts
telophasecytokinesis ofthebodywheretheytakeplace.Whichofthese
choicescorrectlyshowsalocationforatypeofcell
division?
2.Acellhasundergonecelldivision.However,thetwo
A.bonemeiosisB.testesmitosis
cellsthatformedaredifferent.Onecellhastwocopies
ofachromosome,whiletheothercellhasnocopies. C.ovariesmeiosisD.stomachmeiosis
Whaterrorcouldhavecausedthis?
A.Thechromatidsdidnotseparateproperlyinanaphase. 2.Thefigurebelowshowsacellfromanorganism
B.TheDNAwasnotduplicatedproperlyininterphase. whosebodycellseachhavefourchromosomes.

C.Thenuclearmembranedidnotbreakdownproperly
inprophase.
D.Thecellsdidnotseparateproperlyincytokinesis.

3.Whichoftheseorganismsreliesonmitosisfor
reproduction? Whatisshowninthisfigure?
A.amoebaB.antC.bluebirdD.jellyfish A.twochromatidsB.fourchromatids
C.fourchromosomesD.fourchromosomepairs
4.Whydosinglecelledorganismsdivide? 3.Whatistheresultofonesexcellundergoingmeiosis
A.torepairdamagedcells inhumans?

B.totransmitgeneticmaterialbyreproduction A.twosexcells,eachwith23chromosomes

C.toreducethenumberofchromosomesinthecell B.twosexcells,eachwith46chromosomes
C.foursexcells,eachwith23chromosomes D.conditionsthatmakeitdifficultfortheorganismto
D.foursexcells,eachwith46chromosomes getenoughnutrientsandwater

4.Whichoftheseprocessesdoesnotinvolvethe 4.Ifanorganismisproducedbysexualreproduction,
replicationofchromosomes? whichofthesestatementsistrueofitschromosomes?

A.mitosisB.meiosis A.Itreceivesallofitschromosomesfromitsfemale
parent.
C.fertilizationD.formationofsexcell.
B.Itreceiveshalfofitschromosomesfromeachofits
parents.
SexualandAsexualReproduction
C.Itreceivesmostofitschromosomesfromitsfemale
1.Whichofthesestatementsistrueofsexual parent.
reproduction?
D.Itreceivesallofitschromosomesfromeitheritsmale
A.Itrequirestwoparentsandresultsinoffspringthat oritsfemaleparent.
havecharacteristicsofeachparent.
5.Readthefollowingtwostatementsabout
B.Itrequiresoneparentandresultsinoffspringthatare reproduction:
geneticallyidenticaltotheparent.
C.Itrequirestwoparentsandresultsinoffspringthatare
I.Thistypeofreproductiongivesorganismstheability
geneticallyidenticaltooneparent.
toincreaseinnumberveryquickly.
D.Itrequiresoneparentandresultsinoffspringthat
II.Thistypeofreproductionincreasesgeneticdiversity.
havehalfofthegenesoftheparent.

Whichofthechoicesbelowdescribesthetypeof
2.Whichoftheselistsincludesthreetypesofasexual
reproductionbeingreferredtointhesestatements?
reproduction?
A.Bothstatementsrefertosexualreproduction.
A.budding,sporeformation,fertilization
B.Bothstatementsrefertoasexualreproduction.
B.binaryfission,budding,sporeformation
C.StatementIreferstosexualreproduction,and
C.fertilization,vegetativereproduction,binaryfission
statementIIreferstoasexualreproduction.
D.sporeformation,fertilization,vegetativereproduction
D.StatementIreferstoasexualreproduction,and
statementIIreferstosexualreproduction.
3.Jinobservesanorganismhehasneverseenbefore.He
noticesthattheorganismcanundergobothsexualand
asexualreproduction.Underwhatenvironmental
conditionsistheorganismmostlikelytoreproduce
sexually?
A.conditionsthatarefavorableandconstant
B.conditionsthatpromotethegrowthofmanyoffspring
C.conditionsthatenabletheorganismtoobtain
abundantnutrientsandwater