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Name ____________________ _ _____ Date: Period: Day:

Bikini Bottom Genetics 2


Use your knowledge of genetics to complete this worksheet.

1. Use the information for SpongeBobs traits to write the phenotype (physical appearance) for each item.

(a) LL-______________ (e) Rr-_______________


(b) yy-_______________ (f) ll-
_______________
(c) Ss-_______________ (g) ss-
_______________
(d) RR - _____________ (h) Yy -______________

2. Use the information in the chart in #1 to write the genotype (or genotypes) for
each trait below.
(a) Yellow body - ___________ (e) Stubby nose - ___________
(b) Roundpants - ___________ (f) Round eyes - ____________
(c) Oval eyes - ______________ (g) Squarepants - ___________
(d) Long nose - _____________ (h) Blue body - ____________

3. Determine the genotypes for each using the information in the chart in #1.
(a) Heterozygous round eyes -_____ (c) Homozygous long nose - ______
(b) Purebred squarepants - ______ (d) Hybrid yellow body - ______
4. One of SpongeBobs cousins, SpongeBillyBob, recently met a cute squarepants gal,
SpongeGerdy, at a local dance and fell in love. Use your knowledge of genetics to
answer the questions below.

(a) If SpongeGerdys father is a heterozygous squarepants and her mother is a


roundpants, what is her genotype? Complete the first Punnett square to show the
possible genotypes.

Based on your results, what would Gerdys genotype have to be? _________

(b) Complete the second Punnett square to show the possibilities that would result if
Billy Bob & Gerdy had children. NOTE: SpongeBillyBob is heterozygous for his
squarepantsshape.
(c) What is the probability of kids with squarepants? _____ %

(d) What is the probability of kids with roundpants? _____ %

5. SpongeBobs aunt and uncle, SpongeWilma and SpongeWilbur, have the


biggest round eyes in the family. Wilma is believed to be heterozygous for her
round eye shape, while Wilburs family brags that they are a pure line. Complete the Punnett square to show the
possibilities that would result if SpongeWilma and SpongeWilbur had children.

(a) Give the genotype for each person. Wilma - _______ Wilbur - ________

(b) Complete the Punnett square to show the possibilities that would
result if they had children.
(c) What is the probability that the kids would have round eyes? ____ %
(d) What is the probability that the kids would be oval eyes? ____ %
6. SpongeBobs mother is so proud of her son and his new wife, SpongeSusie, as they
are expecting a little sponge. She knows that they have a 50% chance of having a
little roundpants, but is also hoping the new arrival will be blue (a recessive trait) like
SpongeSusie and many members of her family. If SpongeBob is heterozygous for his
yellow body color, what are the chances that the baby
sponge will be blue? Use the Punnett square to help
you answer this question.

7. SpongeBobs aunt is famous around town for her itty, bitty stubby nose! She
recently met a cute squarepants fellow who also has a stubby nose, which is a
recessive trait. Would it be possible for them to have a child with a regular long nose?
Why or why not? Use the Punnett square to help you answer
this question.
8. If SpongeBobs aunt described in #7 wanted children with long noses, what type of
fellow would she need to marry in order to give her the best chances? Use the
Punnett square to help you answer this question.

EARTHs History
1. Which of the following layers of planet Earth is the
made mostly from metal?
a. Crust c. Mantle
b. Lithosphere d. Core

2. Which of the following statements best sums up


the Law of Superposition?
a. Igneous rocks are almost always older than
sedimentary rocks.
b. Metamorphic rocks are almost always older than
igneous rocks.
c. In sedimentary rocks, layers at the top are almost
always the oldest.
d. In sedimentary rocks, layers at the bottom are oldest?
almost always the oldest. a. Top Layer
b. Middle Layer
3. On a newly discovered planet, there is no wind c. Bottom Layer
or water to weather rocks. Everywhere NASAs
robot goes, there are no little pieces of rocks to be Use the following picture for questions 6, 7, 8, 9,
found. Which type of rock would be extremely rare and 10.
on this planet? The following layers of sedimentary rock
a. Sedimentary Rock c. Metamorphic Rock are exposed as you enter a dig site.
b. Igneous Rock d. None

4. Coal is the burned remains of old trees, and


when it is put under extreme pressure and heat can
turn into diamonds. What type of rock formations
would you most likely find diamonds in?
a. Sedimentary Rock c. Metamorphic Rock
b. Igneous Rock d. None Gastropo

5. Youre standing in front of a giant slab of rock 6. Looking at this evidence, which
Sea of the following
thats full of layers. Which of the layers is likely organisms evolved first?

Scallop
Sea
a. Sea Scorpion c. Scallop 7. According to the Law of Superposition, which of
b. Gastropod d. Sea Snail the following organisms are a younger species than
the Scallop?
a. Sea Scorpion c. Sea Snail
b. Gastropod d. No are younger than fish. 9. The sea scorpions are dated to be 320 million
years old. What type of dating did a scientists use
8. As you continue to dig, you find some fossils of to get this number?
sea sponges in the same layer as the Parkula. Using a. Absolute Dating b. Relative Dating
the gastropod as an index fossil, what can you
predict about the sea sponges? 10. The sea scorpions are dated to be 320 million
a. These sea sponges are younger than the gastropod years old. Using relative dating, how old must the
b. These sea sponges are the same age as the sea snail be?
gastropod a. Older than 320 million years old.
c. These sea sponges are older than the gastropod b. Younger than 320 million years old.
d. Theres not enough data present to make any of c. About 320 million years old.
these predictions. d. Theres not enough data to make this prediction.