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God the good Creator of all things, in His infinite power and wisdom, doth uphold, direct, dispose, and govern all creatures and things,
Hebrews 1:1 Hebrews 1:2 Hebrews 1:3 Hebrews 1:4
God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
Job 38:9 When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it, Job 38:10 And brake up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors, Job 38:11 And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?
Isaiah 46:9 Isaiah 46:10 Isaiah 46:11
Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure: Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken it, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed it, I will also do it.
Whatsoever the LORD pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places.
from the greatest even to the least, Matthew 10:29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father.
Matthew 10:30 Matthew 10:31
But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.
by His most wise and holy Providence, to the end for which they were created, according unto His infallible foreknowledge, and the free and immutable counsel of His own will; to the praise of the glory of His wisdom, power, justice, infinite goodness, and mercy. Ephesians 1:7 Ephesians 1:8 Ephesians 1:9 Ephesians 1:10 Ephesians 1:11 Ephesians 1:12 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace; Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence; Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him: In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will: That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.
2. Although in relation to the foreknowledge and decree of God, the first cause, all things come to pass immutably and infallibly; im·mu·ta·bly Pronunciation: \ (,)i(m)-‘myü-tə-\-blē \ Function: adverb 1. In an unalterable and unchangeable manner. 2. In a constant, continual, continuous, invariant or everlasting manner. 3. In a ceaseless, nonstop, incessant or unceasing manner. in·fal·li·bly Pronunciation: \(,)in-‘fa-lə- blē \ Function: adverb 1. In a faultless or undamaged manner. 2. In a perfect or ideal manner. 3. In an immaculate or spotless manner. 4. In a faithful or true manner. 5. In an authentic or authoritative manner. 6. In an excellent or splendid manner. Acts Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you
2:22 Acts 2:23 Acts 2:24
by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know: Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
so that there is not anything befalls any by chance, or without His Providence; Proverbs 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of the LORD.
yet by the same Providence He ordereth them to fall out according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily, freely, or contingently. Genesis 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.
3. God, in His ordinary Providence maketh use of means;
Acts 27:30 Acts 27:31
And as the shipmen were about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under colour as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship, Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved.
Acts 27:43 Acts 27:44
But the centurion, willing to save Paul, kept them from their purpose; and commanded that they which could swim should cast themselves first into the sea, and get to land: And the rest, some on boards, and some on broken pieces of the ship. And so it came to pass, that they escaped all safe to land.
Isaiah 55:10 Isaiah 55:11
For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater: So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent
yet is free to work without, Hosea 1:7 But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.
above, Romans 4:19 Romans 4:20 Romans 4:21 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarah's womb: He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform.
and against them Daniel 3:27 And the princes, governors, and captains, and the king's counsellors, being gathered together, saw these men, upon whose bodies the fire had no power, nor was an hair of their head singed, neither were their coats changed, nor the smell of fire had passed on them.
at His pleasure.
4. The Almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God, so far manifest themselves in His Providence, that His determinate counsel extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sinful actions both of angels and men;
Romans 11:32 Romans 11:33
For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all. O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?
II Samuel 24:1
And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.
I Chronicles 21:1 I Chronicles 21:2
And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel. And David said to Joab and to the rulers of the people, Go, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan; and bring the number of them to me, that I may know it.
(and that not by a bare permission) which also He most wisely and powerfully boundeth, and otherwise ordereth, and governeth, II Kings Because thy rage against me and thy tumult is come up into mine ears, therefore I will 19:28 put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.
Psalm 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain.
in a manifold dispensation to His most holy ends; Genesis 1:20 And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.
Isaiah 10:6 Isaiah 10:7 Isaiah 10:8 Isaiah 10:9 Isaiah
I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets. Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few. For he saith, Are not my princes altogether kings? Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus? As my hand hath found the kingdoms of the idols, and whose graven images did excel
10:10 Isaiah 10:11 Isaiah 10:12
them of Jerusalem and of Samaria: Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols? Wherefore it shall come to pass, that when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.
yet so, as the sinfulness of their acts proceedeth only from the creatures, and not from God, who, being most holy and righteous, neither is nor can be the author or approver of sin. Psalm 50:21 These things hast thou done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes.
I John 2:15 I John 2:16 I John 2:17
Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.
5. The most wise, righteous, and gracious God doth oftentimes leave for a season His own children to manifold temptations and the corruptions of their own hearts, to chastise them for their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption, and deceitfulness of their hearts that they may be humbled; and to raise them to a more close and constant dependence for their support upon Himself, and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for other just and holy ends,
II Chronicles 32:24 II Chronicles 32:25
In those days Hezekiah was sick to the death, and prayed unto the LORD: and he spake unto him, and he gave him a sign. But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem. II Chronicles Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and 32:26 the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the LORD came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah.
II Chronicles Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent 32:31 unto him to inquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart.
II Corinthians And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the 12:7 revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. II Corinthians For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. 12:8 II Corinthians And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made 12:9 perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
so that whatsoever befalls any of His elect is by His appointment, for His glory and their good. Romans 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.
6. As for those wicked and ungodly men, whom God, as the righteous judge, for former sin doth blind and harden;
Romans 1:18 Romans 1:19 Romans 1:20 Romans 1:21 Romans 1:22 Romans 1:23 Romans 1:24
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:
Romans 1:25 Romans 1:26 Romans 1:27 Romans 1:28 Romans 1:29 Romans 1:30 Romans 1:31 Romans 1:32
Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
Romans 11:7 Romans 11:8
What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.
from them He not only withholdeth His grace, whereby they might have been enlightened in their understanding, and wrought upon in their hearts; Deuteronomy 29:2 Deuteronomy 29:3 Deuteronomy 29:4 And Moses called unto all Israel, and said unto them, Ye have seen all that the LORD did before your eyes in the land of Egypt unto Pharaoh, and unto all his servants, and unto all his land; The great temptations which thine eyes have seen, the signs, and those great miracles: Yet the LORD hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day.
but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had, Matthew 13:11 Matthew 13:12 Matthew He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they
hear not, neither do they understand.
and exposeth them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sin; Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day.
II Kings And Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord? And he answered, Because I know the evil that 8:12 thou wilt do unto the children of Israel: their strong holds wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and wilt dash their children, and rip up their women with child. II Kings And Hazael said, But what, is thy servant a dog, that he should do this great thing? And 8:13 Elisha answered, The LORD hath showed me that thou shalt be king over Syria.
and withal, gives them over to their own lusts, and the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan, Psalm 81:10 Psalm 81:11 Psalm 81:12 I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it. But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me. So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.
II Thessalonians 2:8 II Thessalonians 2:9 II Thessalonians 2:10 II Thessalonians 2:11 II Thessalonians 2:12
And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
whereby it comes to pass that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softening of others.
But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.
And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go.
Isaiah 6:9 Isaiah 6:10
And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
I Peter 2:7 I Peter 2:8
Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
7. As the Providence of God doth in general reach to all creatures, so after a more special manner it taketh care of His Church, and disposeth of all things to the good thereof.
I Timothy 4:10
For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.
Amos 9:8 Amos 9:9
Behold, the eyes of the Lord GOD are upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the LORD. For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth.
Isaiah 43:3 Isaiah 43:4 Isaiah 43:5 Isaiah 43:6 Isaiah 43:7
For I am the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life. Fear not: for I am with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west; I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends of the earth; Even every one that is called by my name: for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.
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