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Aggregate 10% Fines Value BS 812-111_BS en 1097_2

bs 812

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This Standard has being partially replaced by the following British Standard

BS EN 1097-2 2010

Tests for Mechanical and Physical Properties of Aggregates

Method of Determination of Resistance to Fragmentation

However, should this test be required to be performed BS 812: Part 111:1990 is the only reference.

The existing test method has not, therefore, been changed until the standard has been fully replaced

It is suggested that each of the pieces of equipment should be given an Inventory Number

(i) Open Ended Cylinder 150mm nominal internal diameter, base plate and plunger. As shown in Fig I of

B5 812:1990 Part 111 Inventory No.198 (Part B) Harness B5 487.

(ii) A cylinder metal measure of 115mm ~ 1mm internal diameter and 180mm ~ 1mm depth. Inventory

No.xxx

(iii) A Metal Tamping Road circular cross section, 16mm ~ 1mm dia 600mm ~ 5mm long with one

rounded end.

(vii) BS Test Sieves 14.0mm, 10mm and 2.36mm. BS EN 933-2:1997 Tests for geometrical properties

of aggregates Part 2: Determination of particle size distribution:Test sieves, nominal size

of apertures

(viii) Compression Testing Machine. (BS 1610 Part 1 Grade A and BS EN 7500:2004) 2000kn Crushing

Machine.

(ix) Two 450mm clean square trays and a stiff bristle brush. General laboratory ware.

(x) Oven (BS 2648:1955: Electrically Heated Laboratory Drying Ovens). Appears to be still current?

1. Preliminaries

1.1 A designated area will be used to perform this test and a clear area of bench must first be allotted

before this test proceeds.

1.2 All equipment to be used in this test must first be checked as follows:-

1.3 Check that the ACV mould, baseplate and plunger are clean, smooth and undamaged and that the

dimensions have recently been taken.

1.4 Check that the measuring cylinders and rod are clean and in good order.

1.5 Check that the Compression machine is set up ready for the test.

1.6 Check the sieves as required on receipt if any marks, dents or splits are present on the mesh, the

sieves will be taken out of service.

1.7 Check the sample number and Test Schedule correspond and obtain a test worksheet No. 008 from the

Cabinet.

(for soaked test refer to BS page 5, Cl 6.3 and 7.2)

2.0 Test Procedure. The test will be performed in duplicate on the material passing the 14mm sieve and

retained on the 10.0mm sieve.

2.1 The aggregate used in this test will have been obtained from a bulk sample that was initially taken and

prepared in the manner described in both:

BS EN 932-1:1999. Tests for general properties of aggregates Part 1: Methods for sampling

BS EN 932-2:1997. Tests for general properties of aggregates Part 2: Methods for reducing

laboratory Samples

NB When the bulk sample is fully saturated it will be dried to a surface dry condition by spreading the

material on a large tray and leaving on top of one of the drying ovens to air dry.

2.3 The bulk sample may then be passed through both the sieves retaining the portion passing the

14mm and retained on the 10mm, every effort being made to recover all the material of this grade,

though care should be taken not to de-grade softer particles. Oversize and undersize are rejected.

2.4 Slightly more than four times the amount that fills the metal measure should be obtained for the

crushing test to give four test specimens.

2.5 Fill the metal measure in three layers rodding each layer 25 times with the tamping rod, allowing the rod

to fall from a height of approximately 50mm above each surface, and level the top using the tamping

rod as a straight edge. The aggregate is then placed in a small tray, placed in an oven for not more

than 4 hours, then allowed to cool. This is repeated for a further specimen. The remaining two shall

be retained for test if the repeatability of the first two results is unacceptable. Record the time taken

out of oven.

2.6 The aggregate will be weighed to the nearest g and recorded on the work test sheet (Mass W). This is

repeated for a further two test specimens.

2.8 The aggregate will be added in three layers, each layer being subjected to 25 strokes of the tamping rod

evenly distributed over the surface, dropping the tamping rod from a height of approximately 50mm

above the aggregate surface. Some aggregates may break down under tamping and this fact should

be noted on the worksheet if it occurs under notes.

2.9 The final surface will be carefully leveled off and the plunger placed into the cylinder so that it rests

horizontally on the surface and is not trapped by the sides of the cylinder.

2.10 The apparatus will be placed between the platens of the compression testing machine and the load

applied at as uniform a rate as possible for 10 mm ~ 30 secs until the full penetration for that sample

has been achieved. Guidance on the penetration level to be expected. Ticket the material on the

sheet either a, b, or c.

(b) 20mm for normal angular crushed aggregate

(c) 25mm for slags and other honeycombed aggregate.

2.11 Record the maximum force applied to produce the required penetration on the work test sheet,

release the force from the apparatus and remove from the compression machine.

2.12 The crushed aggregate will be carefully removed from the cylinder over a clean tray placed on the floor

by tapping the sides of the cylinder with a rubber mallet until the aggregate become loose and falls

freely into the tray.

2.13 Any particles adhering to the surfaces of the cylinder, baseplate or plunger will be removed with a stiff

brush and added to the aggregate in the tray. The weight of the crushed material is recorded as A. To

the nearest gram.

2.14 The whole of the aggregate will be sieved through the 2.36mm sieve until no significant amount

passes in i mm.

2.15 The fraction passing the 2.36mm sieve is weighed to the nearest gram and the weight recorded on the

work test sheet as (Mass B). Weigh also the fraction Retained on the 2.36mm (Mass C).

2.16 Care will be taken to ensure that there are no loss of fines throughout these procedures. If B ~ C

differs from A by more than I grm discard the result and test a further specimen.

2.17 Calculations. The Percentage Fines is the ratio of the mass of fines formed by the crushing process to

the total mass of the sample expressed as a percentage.

Percentage fines = B/Ax 100 (To the first decimal place)

where

B = The mass of the fraction passing the 2.36mm sieve after crushing.

2.18 Under normal test conditions this figure should fall between 7.5 and 12.5 per cent.

2.19 If it does not fall between this range, then a second test will be performed making an adjustment to the

maximum test load applied with the following formula:-

and Y is the percentage fine produced from the test at load x kN.

2.20 Once a figure has been obtained that falls between the required range, a further test will be

performed at the maximum load thereby determined.

2.21 The percentage fines from these two tests at the maximum load will be used in the following formula to

calculate the load required to produce 10% fines.

3. Reporting of Results

3.1 Calculate the mean of the two results to the nearest I OkN for forces of I OOkN or more, or to the

nearest 5kN for forces of less than lOOkN. Report the mean as the 10% Fines Value, unless the

individual results differ by more than lOkN and by more than 0.1 times the mean value. In this case

repeat the test on two further specimens, calculate the median of the four results to the nearest lOkN

for forces of lOOkN or more orto the nearest 5kN for forces of less than lOOkN, and report the median

as the 10% Fines Value.

3.2 The median of four results is calculated by excluding the highest and the lowest result and

calculating the mean of the two middle results.

3.3 The report shall affirm whether a certificate of sampling was available, whether the sample was dry or

soaked and the sample identification.

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