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COLLEGE OF NURSING, AMPARA

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY


AN INTRODUCTION TO THE HUMAN BODY AND THE CELL
TEST PAPER 01 FOR 2010 - A STUDENT NURSES
A. Choose the one best answer to the following
questions. Mark circle on the correct answer.
1. A plane that separates the body into unequal right and left
sides is a
(a) Transverse plane
(b) Frontal plane
(c) Mid sagitttal plane
(d) Coronal plane
(e) Para sagittal plane

2. Which of the following would not be associated with


thoracic cavity
1) Pericardium
2) Mediastinum
3) peritoneum
4) pleura
(a) 2 and 3
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 1 and 4
(e) 3 and 4

3. Long micro tubular structure extending from the plasma


membrane and involved in movement of a cell
(a) Cilia
(b) Flagellum
(c) Cytoskeleton
(d) Golgi complex

4. Network of protein filaments that extend throughout the


cytoplasm, providing cellular shape, organization and
movement.
(a) Endoplasmic Reticulum
(b) Flagellum
(c) cytoskeleton
(d) proteasome

5. Function of ATP generation


(a) Mitochondria
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(b) Peroxisome
(c) Nucleus
(d) Nucleolus

6. A highly coiled and folded DNA molecule


(a) Chromosomes
(b) Nucleoli
(c) Nuclear envelope
(d) Nuclear pores

7. Complex of DNA, proteins and some RNA is called as


(a) Chromosomes
(b) Chromatin
(c) Genosome
(d) Ribosome

8. Mother cells has (2n) chromosomes after mitosis, baby


cells has
(a) Diploid number of chromosomes
(b) Haploid number of chromosomes
(c) A single cell with half number of chromosomes
(d) (n) number of chromosomes

9. Males sex chromosomes consist of


(a) X and Y
(b) X and X
(c) XXY
(d) XXY

10. Meaning of Endocytosis


(a) A process inside of the cells
(b) A process outside of the cells
(c) Process between plasma membrane and extra
cellular fluid
(d) No process in or outside of the cells (1
x10 marks )

B. Indicate whether the following statements are true


or false ( T or F )
1. A person lying face down would be in the supine
position. ()
2. The highest level of structural organization is the
system level. (..)

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3. The cells created during meiosis are genetically
different from the original cell. ()
4. Ribosome carries out autophagy. ( .)
5. Nucleus has several nucleoli. (..)
6. Cytoplasmic division is called cytokinesis. ()
7. Mitosis has four phases. (.)
8. Mitochondrion is referred to as powerhouse.
(.)
9. Lysosome has powerful digestive and hydrolytic
enzymes. (.)
10. Mediastinum is in the thoracic cavity. (..)
(1 x10
marks)
C. Fill in the blanks in the following statements.
1. The fluid located within cells is the
.. Whereas the fluid
located outside of the cells is
2. Your eyes are .to your skin.
3. The sum of all of the bodys processes is
.it consists of two parts : The
phase that build up new substances is
.and the phase that breaks
down substances is ..
4. In joints, ECF is referred to as
.
5. Thousands of hereditary units in human body called
..
6. A network of protein filaments is

7. Short, hair like projection is

(2 x 10
marks)

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D.Choice or select a correct suitable word from column
B for column A word
A B
1. Fluid filled spaced
that surrounds a lung. (.) (a). Cristae
2. Axillary. (.) (b).Caudal
3. Integumentary system. (.) (c).Rough ER
4. The cavity that contains. (d). Helps to determine a
cells shape the spinal cord. (.) to
organize the cellular content
5. Inferior. (.) (e). Parietal layer
6. Transverse plane. (.) (f). Detoxification of
alcohol in the liver
7. Coronal plane. (.) (g). Armpit
8. Ventral. (.) (h). Smooth ER
9. Outside layer (.) (i). Ribosome
10. Inside layer. (.) (j). Double lipid layer
11. Mitochondria. (.) (k). Reproductive cell
division that
12. Matrix (.) reduces the number
of chromosomes
13. A series of folds by half
in mitochondria (.) (l). Pleural cavity
14. Nuclear envelope. (.) (m). Vertebral cavity
15. Protein synthesis. (.) (n). Organizing
center for growth of
16. Cytoskeleton (.) mitotic spindle
17. No Ribosome on ER. (.) (o). modifies,
sorts, packages, and
(Endoplasmic Reticulum) transports molecule
synthesized in
18. Synthesize fatty the rough ER
Acids and steroids. (.) (p). Horizontal plane
19. Synthesize glycoprotein (q). Rough ER
and phospholipids (.) (r). Frontal plane
20. Autolysis. (.) (s). Protects body by
forming a barrier
21. Meiosis (.) to the outside
environment help regulate
body temperature.
22. Mitosis. (.)
23. Golgi complex. (.) (t). Anterior
24. Centrosome (.) (u).Visceral layer

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25. Peroxisomes. (.)

(v). The large central fluid


filled cavity of a
mitochondrion,
enclosed by the inner
mitochondrial membrane.
(w). Generate ATP through
reactions of aerobic cellular
respiration
(x). Lysosomal enzymes may
destroy the entire cell
(y). Somatic cell division
resulting in the formation of
two identical cells
(1 x25
marks)

E. WRITE THE ANSWERS TO ALL QUESTIONS.


1. What are three main parts of the cell?
2. What are the components of cytoplasm?
3. Give 5 little organs of the cell?
4. What are the three proteins, which are produced by
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum?
5. What are the types of the Endoplasmic Reticulum?
6. What are the four basic types of tissue in the body?
7. What are the components of Gastro Intestinal System?

(5 x7 marks)

By: - Sister S. Devadas

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