Special - Dec 2002

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PEFCC News Special
Promoting Sustainable Forest Management

General Assembly Synopsis
By Ben Gunneberg, Secretary General
The sixth PEFC Council General Assembly was held in Luxembourg, on 22 November with delegates from 18 of the member countries; potential new members from 8 countries; and invited observers from several other countries.

Malaysia – Malaysian Timber Certification Council Slovak Republic – Slovak Forest Certification Association PEFC Lithuania Council is currently in the process of formal registration and pending confirmation of this has been provisionally accepted as a member of the PEFC Council. To date, 13 of the national certification standards have already completed the assessment process and had their schemes endorsed. The schemes now account for over 46 million hectares and 424 Chain of Custodies – a number that is rising daily. The other member schemes are at various stages of development and will be seeking endorsement and mutual recognition under the PEFC umbrella in due course.

Left: members from Denmark, Czech Rep., Canada and Belgium Right representatives from Brazil, Australia and Andorra

New Members Seven new members were elected by the General Assembly and one on a provisional basis pending official registration of the National Governing Body as a legal entity. This now brings to 25 the total membership covering the following areas: Europe, Eastern Europe, North America, South America, Asia and Australasia. (See new members report).
Representatives from Chile, Luxembourg, Australia, Chile

Some of the Members of the Board at the General Assembly

New Extraordinary Member The European Network of Forest Entrepreneurs (ENFE) was elected as an Extraordinary Member of the Council.
Dr Edgar Kastenholz, Secretary General ENFE

The new members are: Australia – Australian Forest Standard Ltd Brazil – INMETRO on behalf of CERFLOR Chile – CERTFOR Chile Estonia – Estonian Forest Certification Council Luxembourg – PEFC Luxembourg asbl

The Network enables information dissemination, between members within the Network, and between the Network and opinion formers, to enable co-ordination of actions necessary for the economic development of small and medium enterprises in forestry. Its Executive comprises representatives from Finland, Sweden, Ireland, United Kingdom and the Czech Republic.

The PEFCC Newsletter is produced by the PEFC Council (Registered as an asbl in Luxembourg No. 1999-61-02192) 17 Rue des Girondins, L-1626 Hollerich, Luxembourg ¦ Tel: +352 26 25 90 59 ¦ E-Mail: pefc@pt.lu ¦ Web Page: www.pefc.org

Existing Extraordinary Members of the PEFC Council: § European Confederation of Woodworking Industries (CEI Bois) § Confédération des Propriétaires Forestiers (CEPF) § Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) § European Landowners' Organisation (EL O) § European Network of Forest Entrepreneurs (ENFE) § European Timber Trade Association (FEBO) § Fédération Européens Communales Forestiers (FECOF) § Union of European Foresters (UEF) § Union of Silviculturalists of Southern Europe (USSE) Note: Extraordinary Members have no voting rights, as their member organisations can participate at national level, along with all other stakeholders. Extraordinary members contribute and actively participate in all debates in the PEFC.

including the involvement of a Panel of Experts to ensure quality assurance amongst other things. The fully revised documentation is now available on the PEFCC WebPages (www.pefc.org)
Structure of the PEFCC Documentation
Reference PEFC Council Statutes Documents
Describe refer ence base of PEFC

a Memorandum (2) b PEOLG (1) c Pa n European C&I for SFM d International ILO Conventions
- Core ILO Conventions(3) - Other Conventions

Normative Annexes Technical Document Framework on the elements of the PEFC Scheme
include the normative requirements

Documents Guidelines
provide details on implementation of normative issues presented in the respective annex

Totally Revised Technical Document
The major topic under discussion at the General Assembly was the proposed changes to the Technical Document, which were adopted by the members. The revision process was lengthy, having begun in April 2001 with an independent evaluation by a respected consultant (see Newsletters 10, 11 and 12) of criticisms levelled at the PEFCC and incorporated experiences gained both nationally and internationally by the Council in the three years since it was established. The aim of the process was to streamline, clarify and simplify the PEFC Council documentation through restructuring the documents (see diagram) and clarifying procedures. The process included an independent consultants report posted on our website for comments and extensive international consultation with stakeholders, including a workshop for members. Over 90% of the independent consultant’s recommendations have been addressed and implemented in the revised PEFC Documentation. The other 10% concern longer term issues which currently have no relation to the documentation, such as carbon certification and organisational issues such as improving internal communications which are dealt with elsewhere. Amongst the issues addressed in the documentation are clarification of terms and definitions which have been placed in a new annex and are applicable to the whole documentation; clarifications on requirements for implementing regional and group certification; clarifications on standard setting processes and revisions including the provision of pilot testing; clarificat ion of certification and accreditation procedures to ensure compatibility with national accreditation organisations represented by the International Accreditation Forum, and new procedures for the assessment of revised schemes

Annex 1: Terms and Def initions Annex 2: Rules for Standard Setting Annex 3: Basis for Certification Schemes and their Implementation Annex 4: Chain of Custody Certification of Wood Annex 5: PEFC Logo Usage Rules GL for national WG GL for standard formulation

GL for group certification

GL for chain ofof national establishment cust ody verif ication

Internal Rules for the PEFC Registration System Description of the certification process, certification bodies, accreditation

Annex 6: Certification and Accreditation Procedures

Annex 7: Endorsement of National Schemes and their Revision

GL for application and endorsement

Continuing Globalisation of the PEFC Council
After the formal meeting there was an open discussion session with participants to discuss issues and challenges concerning the continuing globalisation of the PEFC Council. The views expressed by participants at this session, and subsequent written submissions, will be considered more fully by the Board of Directors in their discussion on this and related issues in the near future. Proposals will then be presented to members for discussion and decision.
Below: (front row) representatives from Slovak Republic, Malaysia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, USA and UK

PEFC Newsletter - Promoting Sustainable Forest Management For more info: www.pefc.org (Page 2) For full details of National Governing Bodies see website above

their two-day conference on the feasibility of establishing a Pan African Forest Certification System following a study by independent consultants Indufor Oy. The Chairman will also take the opportunity to visit some of the local forests and to share experiences of the past three years of the PEFC with the hosts.
Above: representatives from Australia, UEF, Sweden, Brazil, Belgium and Italy attending the Chairman’s Reception.

Schemes Endorsed by PEFCC
Austrian Forest Certification Scheme Belgian Forest Certification Scheme Czech Forest Certification Scheme Danish Forest Certification Scheme Finnish Forest Certification Scheme French Forest Certification Scheme German Forest Certification Scheme Latvian Forest Certification Scheme Norwegian LFS Certification Scheme Spanish Forest Certification Scheme Swedish Forest Certification Scheme Swiss Q Label Holz Scheme UK Certification Scheme for SFM

Hectares Certified

New Brochures Launched
Three new brochures have been launched by the PEFC Council and are available from your National Governing Body. They outline sustainable forest management, its certification and responsible procurement of wood-based materials. The brochures are currently available in English, and can be downloaded from our website. A French and German version will follow shortly. Thereafter further language versions are planned including, Dutch, Finnish, Spanish and Swedish. If you are interested in ordering copies or participating in the development of further language versions, contact your national PEFC contact or the communications co-ordinator at the PEFC Council.

3.924 000 1.752 944 21.910 000 689 345 6.100 151 17 019 9.352 000 86 679 2.203 531 64 572



News from the National Governing Bodies
The views expressed here are the views of the members and do not necessarily reflect the views of the PEFC Council
General Brochure Chain of Custody Leaflet

For more details please contact your National Secretary or PEFC Council Tel: +352 26 25 90 59. Email: pefc@pt.lu

First certification takes place in Czech Republic
Regional forest certification truly th began in the Czech Republic on September 30 , 2002. An international auditing firm Bureau Veritas Quality International accredited in accordance with the Czech Forest Certification Scheme has carried out the first certification. The certificate was issued for a 5year period. The formal handing over of the first 6 confirmations of participation in forest certification took th place on November 19 at Hradecké mestské lesy, a.s., in the presence of several journalists.

Other News
PEFC Chairman to visit GABON to discuss feasibility of Pan African Forest Certification System
The African Timber Organisation, in cooperation with the French Development Corporation, has invited Mr Henri Plauche Gillon, as Chairman of the PEFC Council to give a presentation at

PEFC Newsletter - Promoting Sustainable Forest Management For more info: www.pefc.org (Page 3) For full details of National Governing Bodies see website above

366 applications, from owners managing more than 1,750 000 hectares have now been endorsed. These owners have already been awarded a confirmation of participation in forest certification. Currently another 68 forest owners representing 50 000 hectares of forestland are undergoing the certification process. We are awaiting further applicants, following accreditation of the process of Chain of Custody and issuance of the first chain of custody certificates.
The representative (Mr. Josef Myslivec) of private forest owner (Jerome Colloredo – Mansfeld) receives a confirmation of participation in forest certification from Mr. Joseph Barton,Chairman of PEFC Czech Republic

Another new PEFC-product from Germany comes from Landré GmbH, one of the leading companies to produce booklets and notebooks etc for schools in Europe. The company published a notebook with a PEFC logo for school children at the end of October.

For further details contact: Dirk Teegelbekkers Email: teegelbekkers@pefc.de

We are pleased to announce co-operation with PEFC Slovak Republic to enable a speeding up the process of the development national performance and certification standards of the Slovak national documents. The Czech and Slovak Republics are taking advantage of geographic, language and juridical proximity.

Introduction to the new PEFC Members
The following articles provide some background information on each of the new PEFC members elected at the General Assembly. The views expressed here are those of the members and do not necessarily reflect the views of the PEFC Council. New members, as well as existing members who have not yet done so, intend to submit their candidate national certification scheme to undergo the same rigorous assessment process as the 13 schemes that have already been endorsed by the PEFC Council, as soon as they are ready to do so.

For further details contact: Pavel Hes Email: kolinska@uhul.cz
PEFC GERMANY passes the six million hectare mark With the a certification of a forest area of 1.688 hectares in Lowe r Saxony (FBG Forstverband Wesermunde and Bremen), the total forest area in Germany certified according to PEFC passed the 6 million hectare mark in November. Just one year earlier, the PEFC-certified area had been 5 million hectares. The rapid increase of the PEFCcertified area during the last year means that now 56 % of the German forest area has been PEFC-certified within a three-year-period of existence of the PEFC Germany. At the same time, new PEFC-products have also been launched in Germany. A pilot project with a group of international designers and architects in the region of Cochem is currently building wooden “dream houses” on altogether 37 construction sites. The project’s general focus is on ecological building. In practical terms, this means that wooden structures with modern and environmentally friendly technological solutions are chosen e.g. in energy supply or in the painting the houses. One corner stone of the ecological way of thinking is to prove that the wood for constructions come from sustainably managed, local sources. To do this, the project uses PEFC-certified materials. (http://www.projekt-cochem.de )

Dr Hans Drielsma giving a presentation at the General Assembly

Australia is part of the growing number of non-European members to join the PEFC fold. The recognised national governing body, AFS Ltd is currently being formed by the principal sponsors including the national organisations representing the forest industries, private and public forest growers, and governments, and will include representation in addition from unions and the community. Australia has a population of 20 million people, and while relatively sparsely forested it boasts a relatively high per capita forest area, and produces over 24

PEFC Newsletter - Promoting Sustainable Forest Management For more info: www.pefc.org (Page 4) For full details of National Governing Bodies see website above

million m of wood per annum, from both its native forests, and, to an increasing extent, its plantations of radiata pine and eucalyptus. The forest sector is Australia's second largest manufacturing sector, and employs around 80,000 people. It is a significant element in rural and regional communities in this highly urbanised country. Even so, Australia is a net importer of forest products, and significant efforts continue to encourage the development of the sector, particularly through plantations. Conservation is a primary objective in most indigenous forests, and through the National Forest Policy a recent process of regional forest assessment and decision-making has been completed (Regional Forest Agreements), which has established the basis for a comprehensive forest conservation reserve system, and sustainable forest management, based on the Montreal Criteria and Indicators. The Australian Forestry Standard has been developed within this framework over the last two years through a multi-stakeholder technical drafting committee and was released in October 2002. The AFS contains 9 criteria and 40 requirements that provide for economic, social, environmental and cultural values based on the Montreal Process criteria. Certification to the AFS will be undertaken by accredited, independent third-party certification bodies within an accreditation programme developed by the national accreditation body. The AFS was developed within Australia's formal standards setting framework, and has been confirmed as an Australian Standard. The AFS will be voluntary in its application, and be available to all forest types both by tenure and scale of ownership with guidance material provided to cover native forest, plantations and small ownerships. Australia, being far from major wood production/ consumption nations and seeking to expand its export markets, sees the importance of establishing recognition of its forest management standards in international markets. The Australian Forestry standard has been developed with an eye to international criteria, and it is not anticipated that it will have difficulty in meeting relevant conformity assessments. Membership, and eventual recognition of the AFS under the PEFC banner provides an opportunity for Australia to join with like-minded nations and forest certification schemes to advance this objective, and to contribute to improved sustainable management of global forests. There is particular interest in the role that PEFC may play in the Asian region, which is a key market for Australia's forest sector.



left to right –Armando Mariante Carvalho, Rubens Garlipp

The Brazilian Forest Certification Program (CERFLOR) has been developed within the national framework guided by the rules of the Brazilian standardization organization (Conmetro). The National Forum of Standardization, is the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT), which prepared the CERFLOR standards, and whose procedures on implementation and revision of standards also apply to the CERFLOR standards. The executive body of Conmetro is the National Institute of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality (Inmetro). As the sole accreditation body in Brazil, which is also recognized by the International Accreditation Forum (IAF), Inmetro establishes guidelines for the accreditation of forest organisms in terms of conformity assessment based on international accreditation standards. Inmetro also has set the basic requirements for acceptable group certification and specific rules for conformity assessment for chain of custody – (CoC) within the CERFLOR framework. The insertion of CERFLOR in the Brazilian System of Conformity Assessment occurred in March 2001, and was launched on August 22, 2002 and should be operational by January 2003. CERFLOR is a voluntary program developed together with representatives from different stakeholders at the national and regional levels; it includes representatives from producers, consumers, governments, NGO’s and other organizations, such as universities and research institutions. The Brazilian Government, through the Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade and the Ministry of the Environment, has supported the development of a national forest certification program. CERFLOR is notable for the following characteristics: multi stakeholder participation, independence, third party certification, transparency (its standards and rules are published and available, it permits public access, it runs a consultative public process and holds meetings in different regions), being nondiscriminatory, conducting of periodic reviews, allows complaint procedures.

For further details contact: Mark Edwards Email: mark.edwards@affa.gov.au

PEFC Newsletter - Promoting Sustainable Forest Management For more info: www.pefc.org (Page 5) For full details of National Governing Bodies see website above

To assess the further development needs in view of international harmonization and mutual recognition, CERFLOR requested an independent consultant (Indufor Oy) to assess the conformity of its program with the multiple requirements of international schemes and standards, such as Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Pan European Forest Certification Scheme (PEFC), International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), Tarapoto Proposal and International Forest Industries Roundtable (IFIR). This work will be concluded very soon.

8. Forest managers respect the laws of Chile and the international agreements and treaties to which Chile is a signatory. 9. The forest resources and the system of management will be regularly monitored with the purpose of evaluating the economic, social and environmental impact of management.

For further details contact:Eduardo Morales
Email: emorales@fundch.cl

For further details contact: Armando Mariante Carvalho Email: presi@inmetro.gov.br


Kalle Põld (Chairman EFCC) and Ben Gunneberg (PEFC Council)

Left to right: Eduardo Morales and Aldo Cerda

CERFLOR Chile is developing an evaluation system that guarantees that those seeking Certification meet an adequate level of Forest Management in tune with the national situation and with the requirements set by an internationally recognized concept of sustainability. The characteristics of the Chilean Scheme are: § Independent ? Private § Voluntary ? Simple § Transparent ? Cost effective The 9 principles on which the scheme is based are: 1. The use of forest resources must be planned according to a long-term management plan and appropriate to the scale of operations. 2. The use of forest resources is planned and managed so that natural ecosystems are protected and that negative impacts on biodiversity are minimized. 3. Forest resources are managed to maintain their health, vitality and productivity. 4. Forest resources are managed so as to minimize negative impacts on the productivity of soils and on the quantity and quality of waters 5. Forest managers respect the rights of local communities 6. Forest managers respect the defined and documented or legally established rights of indigenous peoples 7. Forest managers will respect the rights of the forest workers, compensating them fairly and safeguarding their health and safety at work.

The Estonian Forest Certification Council (EFCC) was founded in October 29, 2001 by two umbrella organizations - Estonian Private Forest Union and Estonian Forest Industries Federation, and was registered as a non-profit organization, responsible for sustainable forest management development and certification process in Estonia and introduction of certification system, which aims to be endorsed by PEFCC. As a result of a long period of discussions three main objectives were set up for the Council: 1. to support different forest certification systems in Estonia and not to allow monopolization of this sector in the forestry; 2. to give to the forest owners choice to choose between different certification systems and meet the requirements of the market; 3. to develop a forest certification system, which can meet in the best way the needs and expectations of family forest owners as well as forest industries in Estonia. Four working groups have been established to assist in the development of a national certification scheme ready for submission to PEFC Council for endorsement. The scheme must contain all relevant ingredients to get recognition by PEFC Council. This includes the preparation and completion of the following: national standard for sustainable forest management; rules for chain of custody; logo usage requirements; provisions for certification procedure; dispute settlement arrangements and all other relevant parts of the scheme.

PEFC Newsletter - Promoting Sustainable Forest Management For more info: www.pefc.org (Page 6) For full details of National Governing Bodies see website above

EFCC has informed the public about the PEFC development process in Estonia periodically, sharing information about certification in general and explaining dissimilarities and advantages of the PEFC scheme and its requirements, which are being taken into account in our national forest standard. The working groups have worked rather intensively along with the assistance of experts, to improve elaborated versions of forest standard and procedural requirements for forest management certification and COC certification, based on the number of meetings, discussions and debates with different interested groups. It is hoped that the final version of the scheme will be completed for submission for assessment against the PEFCC requirements by the end of December 2002. In the meantime, before the scheme can be approved, we intend to put our efforts to the training of forest owners, industries and auditors. We will elaborate suggestions to the ministries for amendments to the existing regulations in order to support forest owners in the certification preparation process.

The first pilot study was established in April 2001, with an evaluation having taken place in March 2002. The first formal meeting constituting PEFC Lithuania was held on 15 November 2002. The National Governing Body - PEFC Lithuania – once registered will consist of representatives from: •Forest owner’s organisations •State and Local Government Forests representatives •Forestry contractors •Wood industry companies •Wood trading companies •Environment protection organisations •Farmers organisations •Labour union organisations •Research, education, inventory and certification organisations

For further details contact: Gedminis Survilla
Email: vilnius@forest.lt


For further details contact: Kalle Põld
Email: teabetuba@koue.ee

[The membership application from PEFC Lithuania was accepted pending confirmation of formal registration of the organization] Lithuania has a total forest area of approximately 1,987,000 hectares with about 50% of the land under private ownership when the current program of land restitution is finalized. An average holding is of 4-5 hectares. In February 2000 an initial working group was formed from all interested stakeholders (private forest owners, NGO's, state forest service, forest industries, research institutions etc) and work to develop national scheme of PEFC. Communication and exchange of information with the PEFC network was also established in February 2000 This development process has been ongoing since then with a national co-ordination group was established March 2000. Representatives have participated in several seminars and workshops relating to certification to gain experience during the development process of the national scheme

Left to right from back – Tom Theves, Fred Steffen (Luxembourg Observers), front row (Mr Algis Gaizutis – Lithuania) and Mr Jos Crochet (Luxembourg)

The PEFC Luxembourg process began in 1999 with an initiative from the private forest owners and has involved discussions with all stakeholders including the Ministries of Environment and Agriculture, commerce and industry, environmental associations and consumer associations and others. PEFC Luxembourg was formally established as a not for profit organisation in March 2002. PEFC Luxembourg is based on a decision making process which recognised three different councils of equal weight: forest owners, consumers, industry and commerce. The organisation is in the process of developing a national forest certification scheme which will hopefully be established by mid 2004.

For further details contact: Tom Theves
Email: tom.theves@cc.lu

PEFC Newsletter - Promoting Sustainable Forest Management For more info: www.pefc.org (Page 7) For full details of National Governing Bodies see website above



Front row: Dr BYC Freezailah and Mr L T Chew

Members of the Slovak Delegation in centre with Mr Pavel Hes (Czech Republic)

The Malaysian Timber Certification Council is an independent, non-profit organisation, which started operations in January 1999. The Council was established to develop and operate a voluntary national timber certification scheme. It is governed by a Board of Trustees comprised of representatives from the timber industry, academic and research institutions, non-governmental organisations and government agencies The MTCC’s main activities are: § Forum for consultation on timber certification § Formulating standards related to timber certification § Process and decide on applications for timber certification § Formulate assessment procedures § Monitor operation of certification scheme § Coordinate with other certification bodies to facilitate cooperation and mutual recognition The MTCC Scheme § receives and processes applications for certification § arranges for assessments to be carried out by registered independent assessors § decides on all such applications, based on report of assessors § peer review needed for forest management certification § provides an appeals procedure for parties not satisfied with its decisions MTCC intends to submit its scheme for PEFCC endorsement, in due course. The European market is a key market for Malaysian timber products and MTCC hopes that PEFCC endorsement will provide another channel to promote the MTCC scheme and certificate in European and international markets

The Slovak Forest Certification Association was nd founded on 2 October 2002 and is a registered association of legal entities supporting sustainable forest management. The aim of the Association is to support sustainable forest management and consumpt ion of wood as an ecological and renewable raw material, nature protection, and sustainable development of the society according to the Slovak Forest Certification Scheme The reasons for establishing the Association are: § use of an independent system for judgment of management in the Slovak forests § demands on certified wood § motivation of private forest owners to manage their forest estates § declaration of the fact that Slovak forests are managed in accordance with principles of sustainable forest management Current members of the SFCA are from the following categories: forest owners, wood processing companies, other interest persons

For further details contact:
František Štulajter
Email: kmetova@lesoprojekt.sk

The PEFC Council would like to wish all our readers a Happy New Year and all good wishes for 2003!

For further details contact: Mr L T Chew
Email: ntcc@tm.net.my

PEFC Newsletter - Promoting Sustainable Forest Management For more info: www.pefc.org (Page 8) For full details of National Governing Bodies see website above

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