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April 2017
Ai Weiwei

Reza Khodadadi
JMV spring group show 2017

Director: Aziz Anzabi
1-Shadia and Raja Alem Editor : Nafiseh
3- Competition Yaghoubi
4- Ai Weiwei Translator : Asra
18- Competition Yaghoubi
19-Reza Khodadadi Research: Zohreh
24-JVM Spring group show 2017 Nazari
Shadia and Raja Alem

Shadia and Raja Alem writers in the Arab world. Between
them they have been involved in
The sisters Shadia and Raja Alem many projects that seek to
represent one of Saudi Arabias encourage creativity amongst the
only collaborative double acts. youth and women of Saudi Arabia.
Born in Makkah they divide their In this and all their work theyre
time between Jeddah and Paris. inspired by female predecessors
The inimitable and spiritual bond Safia bin Zagir and Mona Mosaly
between the two has allowed who exhibited in Jeddah during the
them to work together to 1960s.
startling effect.
Of the two, Shadia is the visual 2014 - FOTOFEST 2014 BIENNIAL,
artist. She graduated with a BA in HOUSTON
Art & English Literature from King 2010 - EDGE OF ARABIA ISTANBUL:
AbdulAziz Universty and since TRANSITION
1985 has participated in group 2010 - EDGE OF ARABIA BERLIN:
and solo exhibitions in GREY BORDERS / GREY FRONTIERS
Saudi Arabia as well as Egypt, 2009 - EDGE OF ARABIA: 53RD
Morocco, Germany, Korea and VENICE BIENNALE
Paris. Raja is the writer. Her work 2008 - EDGE OF ARABIA LONDON
includes novels, plays and
numerous collaborations with
artists through which she has
become one of the best-known
Ai Weiwei

Ai Weiwei labour camp in Beidahuang,
born 28 August 1957 in Beijing is a Heilongjiang, when Ai was one year
Chinese Contemporary artist and old. They were subsequently exiled
activist. His father's original to Shihezi, Xinjiang in 1961, where
surname was written Jiang Ai they lived for 16 years. Upon Mao
collaborated with Swiss architects Zedong's death and the end of the
Herzog & de Meuron as the artistic Cultural Revolution, the family
consultant on the Beijing National returned to Beijing in 1976.
Stadium for the 2008 Olympics. As In 1978, Ai enrolled in the Beijing
a political activist, he has been Film Academy and studied
highly and openly critical of the animation. In 1978, he was one of
Chinese Government's stance on the founders of the early avant
democracy and human rights. garde art group the "Stars",
He has investigated government together with Ma Desheng, Wang
corruption and cover-ups, in Keping, Huang Rui, Li Shuang,
particular the Sichuan schools Zhong Acheng and Qu Leilei. The
corruption scandal following the group disbanded in 1983, yet Ai
collapse of so-called "tofu-dreg participated in regular Stars group
schools" in the 2008 Sichuan shows, The Stars: Ten Years, 1989
earthquake.In 2011, following his (Hanart Gallery, Hong Kong and
arrest at Beijing Capital Taipei), and a retrospective
International Airport on 3 April, he exhibition in Beijing in 2007: Origin
was held for 81 days without any Point (Today Art Museum, Beijing)
official charges being filed; officials Time in the U.S.
alluded to their allegations of From 1981 to 1993, he lived in the
"economic crimes". United States. For the first few
Early life and work years, Ai lived in Philadelphia and
Ai's father was the Chinese poet Ai San Francisco, he studied English at
Qing, who was denounced during the University of Pennsylvania and
the Anti-Rightist Movement. In Berkeley.Later, he moved to New
1958, the family was sent to a York City.
He studied briefly at Parsons Photographs.
School of Design.Ai attended the At the same time, Ai became
Art Students League of New York fascinated by blackjack card games
from 1983 to 1986, where he and frequented Atlantic City
studied with Bruce Dorfman, Knox casinos. He is still regarded in
Martin and Richard Pousette-Dart. gambling circles as a top tier
He later dropped out of school, and professional blackjack player
made a living out of drawing street according to an article published on
portraits and working odd jobs.
During this period, he gained Returning from the U.S. to China
exposure to the works of Marcel In 1993, Ai returned to China after
Duchamp, Andy Warhol, and his father became ill. He helped
Jasper Johns, and began creating establish the experimental artists'
conceptual art by altering Beijing East Village and co-
readymade objects. published a series of three books
Ai befriended beat poet Allen about this new generation of artists
Ginsberg while living in New York, with Chinese curator Feng Boyi:
following a chance meeting at a Black Cover Book (1994), White
poetry reading where Ginsberg Cover Book (1995), and Gray Cover
read out several poems about Book (1997).
China. Ginsberg had travelled to In 1999, Ai moved to Caochangdi,
China and met with Ai's father, the in the northeast of Beijing, and
noted poet Ai Qing, and built a studio house his first
consequently Ginsberg and Ai architectural project. Due to his
became friends. interest in architecture, he founded
When he was living in the East the architecture studio FAKE
Village (from 1983 to 1993), Ai Design, in 2003.In 2000, he co-
carried a camera with him all the curated the art exhibition Fuck Off
time and would take pictures of with curator Feng Boyi in Shanghai,
his surroundings wherever he was. China.
The resulting collection of photos Ai is married to artist Lu Qing,and
were later selected and is now has a son from an extramarital
known as the New York relationship
Visual arts Chairman Mao's rule and
Dropping a Han Dynasty Urn the Chinese Communist Party. The
(1995) combination of all the seeds
Map of China (2008): A sculpture represent that together, the people
resembling a park bench or tree of China can stand up and
trunk, but its cross-section is a overthrow the Chinese Communist
map of China. It is four metres Party. Along with this, the seeds
long and weighs 635 kilograms. represent China's growing mass
It is made from wood salvaged production stemming from the
from Qing Dynasty temples. consumerist culture in the west.
Circle of Animals/Zodiac Heads: The sculpture directly challenges
Sculpture inspired by inspired by the Made in China mantra that
the water clock-fountain at the Old China is known for, considering the
Summer Palace. labor-intensive and traditional
Table with two legs on the wall method of creating the work.
(2008) Surveillance Camera (2010)
Straight (2008-2012) Coca Cola Vase (2014)
Sunflower Seeds (2010): Opening Grapes (2014)
in October 2010 at the Tate Free-speech Puzzle (2014)
Museum in London, Ai displayed Ai's visual art includes sculptural
100 million handmade and painted installations, woodworking, video
porcelain sunflower seeds. These and photography. "Ai Weiwei:
seeds weight about 150 tons and According to What," adapted and
were made over a span of two and expanded by the Hirshhorn
a half years by 1,600 Jingdezhen Museum and Sculpture Garden
artisans. This city made porcelain from a 2009 exhibition at Tokyo's
for the government for over one Mori Art Museum, was Ai's first
thousand years. The artisans North American museum
produced the sunflower seeds in retrospective. It opened at the
the traditional method that the Hirshhorn in Washington, D.C. in
city is known for, in which a thirty 2013, and subsequently traveled to
step procedure is employed. The the Brooklyn Museum, New
sculpture relates back to York,and two other venues.
More recent works address his was completed after the main
investigation into the aftermath of house and, according to New York
the Sichuan earthquake and Magazine, looks like a "floating
responses to the Chinese boomerang of rusty Cor-Ten steel.
government's detention and Ordos 100
surveillance of him. In 2008, Ai curated the architecture
Architecture project Ordos 100 in Ordos City,
Jinhua Park Inner Mongolia. He invited 100
In 2002, he was the curator of the architects from 29 countries to
project Jinhua Architecture Park. participate in this project
Tsai Residence Beijing National Stadium
In 2006, Ai and HHF Architects Ai was commissioned as the artistic
designed a private residence in consultant for design, collaborating
upstate New York. According to with the Swiss firm Herzog & de
the New York Times, the Tsai Meuron, for the Beijing National
Residence is divided into four Stadium for the 2008 Summer
modules and the details are Olympics, also known as the "Bird's
"extraordinarily refined".[ In 2009, Nest."Although ignored by the
the Chicago Athenaeum Museum Chinese media, he had voiced his
of Architecture and anti-Olympics views. He later
Design selected the home for its distanced himself from the project,
International Architecture Awards, saying, "I've already forgotten
one of the world's most about it. I turn down all the
prestigious global awards for new demands to have photographs with
architecture, landscape it," saying it is part of a "pretend
architecture, interiors and urban smile" of bad taste. In August 2007,
planning. In 2010, Wallpaper he also accused those
magazine nominated the choreographing the Olympic
residence for its Wallpaper Design opening ceremony, including
Awards category: Best New Steven Spielberg and Zhang Yimou,
Private House.A detached of failing to live up to their
guesthouse, also designed by Ai responsibility as artists.
and HHF Architects,
Ai said "It's disgusting. I don't like internet, with a music video shot by
anyone who shamelessly abuses cinematographer Christopher
their profession, who makes no Doyle. The video was a
moral judgment."In February 2008, reconstruction of Ai's experience in
Spielberg withdrew from his role as prison, during his 81-day detention,
advisor to the 2008 Summer and dives in and out of the prison's
Olympics.When asked why he reality and the guarding soldiers'
participated in the designing of the fantasies.He later released a second
Bird's Nest in the first place, Ai single, Laoma Tihua, on 20 June
replied "I did it because I love 2013 along with a video on his
design." experience of state surveillance,
Serpentine Pavilion with footage compiled from his
In summer 2012, Ai teamed again studio's documentaries. On 22 June
with Herzog & de Meuron on a 2013, the two-year anniversary of
"would-be archaeological site a Ai's release, he released his first
game of make-believe and fleeting music album The Divine
memory" as the year's temporary Comedy.Later in August, he
Serpentine Gallery Pavilion in released a third music video for the
London's Kensington Gardens. song Chaoyang Park, also included
Music in the album.
On 24 October 2012, Ai went live Other engagements
with a cover of Gangnam Style, the Ai is the Artistic Director of China
famous K-pop phenomenon by Art Archives & Warehouse (CAAW),
South Korean rapper PSY, through which he co-founded in 1997. This
the posting of a four-minute long contemporary art archive and
parody video on YouTube. The experimental gallery in Beijing
video was an attempt to criticize concentrates on experimental art
the Chinese government's attempt from the People's Republic of
to silence his activism and was China, initiates and facilitates
quickly blocked by national exhibitions and other forms of
authorities. introductions inside and outside
On 22 May 2013, Ai debuted his China. The building which houses it
first single Dumbass over the was designed by Ai in 2000.
On 15 March 2010, Ai took part in me, it's abusively using government
Digital Activism in China, a powers to interfere in individuals'
discussion hosted by The Paley privacy. This is an important
Media Center in New York with moment for international society to
Jack Dorsey and Richard reconsider and protect individual
MacManus. Also in 2010 he rights."
served as jury member for Future In 2012, Ai interviewed a member
Generation Art Prize, of the 50 Cent Party, a group of
Kiev, Ukraine; contributed design "online commentators" covertly
for Comme de Garcons Aoyama hired by the Chinese government
Store, Tokyo, Japan; and to post "comments favourable
participated in a talk with Nobel towards party policies and to shape
Prize winner Herta Mller at the public opinion on internet message
International Culture festival boards and forums". Keeping Ai's
Litcologne in Cologne, Germany. source anonymous, the transcript
In 2011, Ai sat on the jury of an was published by the British
international initiative to find a magazine New Statesman on 17
universal Logo for Human Rights. October 2012, offering insights on
The winning design, combining the the education, life, methods and
silhouette of a hand with that of a tactics used by professional trolls
bird, was chosen from more than serving pro-government interests.
15,300 suggestions from over 190 Ai designed the cover for 17 June
countries. The initiative's goal was 2013 issue of Time magazine. The
to create an internationally cover story, by Hannah Beech, is
recognized logo to support the "How China Sees the World".TIME
global human rights movement.In Magazine called it "the most
2013, after the existence of the beautiful cover we've ever done in
PRISM surveillance program was our history."
revealed, Ai said "Even though we In 2011, Ai served as co-director
know governments do all kinds of and curator of the 2011 Gwangju
things I was shocked by the Design Biennale,
information about the US
surveillance operation, Prism. To
London 21st May ic
Dr Aziz Anzabi
and co-curator of the exhibition Architecture and Design, Chicago,
Shanshui at The Museum of Art USA
Lucerne.Also in 2011, Ai spoke at 2010 In March 2010, Ai received an
TED and was a guest lecturer at Honorary Doctorate Degree from
Oslo School of the Faculty of Politics and Social
Architecture and Design. Science, University of Ghent,
In 2013, Ai became a Reporters Belgium.
Without Borders ambassador.He In September 2010, Ai received Das
also gave a hundred pictures to Glas der Vernunft (The Prism of
the NGO in order to release a Reason), Kassel Citizen Award,
Photo book and a digital album, Kassel, Germany.
both sold in order to fund freedom Ai was ranked 13th in ArtReview's
of information projects. guide to the 100 most powerful
In 20142015, Ai explored human figures in contemporary art: Power
rights and freedom of expression 100, 2010. In 2010, he was also
through an exhibition of his art awarded a Wallpaper Design Award
exclusively created for Alcatraz, a for the Tsai Residence, which won
notorious federal penitentiary in Best New Private House.
San Francisco Bay. Ai's @Large 2011 On 20 April 2011, Ai was
exhibit raised questions and appointed Visiting Professor of the
contradictions about human rights Berlin University of the Arts.
and the freedom of expression In October 2011, when ArtReview
through his artwork at the island's magazine named Ai number one in
layered legacy as a 19th-century their annual Power 100 list, the
military fortress. decision was criticized by the
Awards and honors Chinese authorities. Chinese
2008 Chinese Contemporary Art Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu
Awards, Lifetime Achievement Weimin responded, "China has
2009 GQ Men of the Year 2009, many artists who have sufficient
Moral Courage (Germany); The Art ability. We feel that a selection that
Review Power 100, rank 43; is based purely on a political bias
International Architecture Awards, and perspective has violated the
Anthenaeum Museum of objectives of the magazine".
In December 2011, Ai was one of Center of Photography Cornell Capa
four runners-up in Time's Person Award. Ai was ranked 3rd in
of the Year award. Other awards ArtReview's Power 100. He was one
included: Wall Street Journal of 12 Visionaries honoured by
Innovators Award (Art); Foreign Conde Nast Traveler, along with
Policy Top Global Thinkers of 2011, Hillary Clinton, Kofi Annan, and
rank 18; The Bianca Jagger Human Nelson Mandela.
Rights Foundation Award for 2013 In April, Ai received the
Courage; ArtReview Power 100, Appraisers Association Award for
rank 1; Membership at the Excellence in the Arts.[ Fast
Academy of Arts, Berlin, Germany; Company has listed him among its
The 2011 TIME 100; The 2013 list of 100 Most Creative
Wallpaper* 150; Honorary People in Business.His guest-edit in
Academician at the the 18 October issue of The New
Royal Academy of Arts, London, Statesman has won an Amnesty
UK; and Skowhegan Medal for Media Award in June 2013.[He has
Multidisciplinary Art, New York, received the St. Moritz Art Masters
NY, USA. Lifetime Achievement Award by
2012 Along with Saudi Arabian Cartier in August. His documentary
women's rights activist Ping'an Yueqing (2012) has won the
Manal al-Sharif and Burmese "Spirit of Independence" award at
dissident the Beijing Independent Film
Aung San Suu Kyi, Ai received the Festival. He was ranked no.9 in
inaugural Vclav Havel Prize for ArtReview's Power 100. He
Creative Dissent of the Human received an honorary doctorate in
Rights Foundation on 2 May 2012. Fine Arts at the Maryland Institute
Ai was also awarded an Honorary College of Art in Baltimore, USA.
Degree from Pratt Institute, 2015 On 21 May 2015, Ai, along
honorary fellowship from Royal with the folk singer Joan Baez,
Institute of British Architects, received Amnesty International's
elected as Foreign Member of Ambassador of Conscience Award,
Royal Swedish Academy of Arts, in Berlin,
and recipient of The International
for showing exceptional leadership in the fight for human rights,
through his life and work.The artist, who was at the time under
surveillance and forbidden from leaving China, could not take part in
the ceremony. His son Ai Lao accepted the prize on behalf of his father,
called on the stage by Tate Modern director, Chris Dercon, who also
spoke on behalf of the Chinese activist. Ai Weiwei wanted to pay
tribute to those people in worse conditions than him, including civil
rights lawyer Pu Zhiqiang who faces eight years in prison, imprisoned
Nobel Peace Prize-winning poet Liu Xiaobo, journalist Gao Yu, women's
rights activist Su Changlan, activist Liu Ping and academic Ilham Tohti.
Reza Khodadadi

Reza Khodadadi (Head of Department of Painting,
lives and works in Tehran. Iranian University of Art,Tehran )
contemporary artist, Academic,
painter, sculptor, Urban artist &
Muralist Ph.d in Art Reseauch and Head of Department of Sculpture,
Professor of Art, was born in 1961, University of Art, Tehran)
Ardabil, Iran. Head of B.A Department of
Faculty member of Tehran Painting, Sooreh Higher Education
University of Art. Institute (Sooreh Art University),
Author of "Mural techniques" Tehran.
book. Head of M.A Department of
Author of eight books in the field Painting, Sooreh Higher Education
of urban murals Entitled Institute, (Sooreh Art University),
"Rules and Regulations Urban Tehran.
Beautification". Member of Mural(Graffiti) and
Authored several articles and sculpture Council, Beautification
essays. Organization of Tehran
Project study Murals of Tehran: Municipality.
musts and musts not Member of technical
Teaching Experience committee,Organization of Tehran
Teaching experience in Beautification.
Universities and higher education Secretary of the New Thought
institutions: Segment the Tehran Beautification
Shahid Rajai University Organization.
Islamic Azad University Staff member of A National
Sooreh Institute of Higher Olympic Academy Art Museum and
Education, (Sooreh University) Research Center.
Al-Zahra University School of Art Member of National Olympic
Art University, since 1991 Academy Museum Research Center
Records management and Staff, National Olympic Academy.
administrative responsibility
Painting Art University Department
Member of Olympic Culture The Works of Reza Khodadadi
Commission Education. present various of aspects of
Art Council of National Olympic assembling patterns and shapes
and Paralympic Academy. alongside each other in mixed
Member of jury and judge in media. Continuity and colored
several festivals and art material play an integral part in his
competition art. His love for Rums poetic
Member of jury and judge, Art narrative to his paintings. in series
competition,National Olympic& 'Heyrani'(Perplexity) the viewers
Paralympic, Academy of Iran (two face an abstract work which allows
periods) them to make a literal 'Reading' of
Member of Iranian Association of visual expression. The Perplexity
Official Experts series is Created with carefully
Expert of Association of Official in drawn overlapping lines. These
Art affairs Member of Iranian lines stand out in the background
Association of Official Experts even though they are at times
Honorary Member of Institute for diluted, and their resemblance to
Promotion of Contemporary Visual straw and hay gives the painting
Art, Iran. the feel of a landscape. These
Member of Scientific Committee landscapes seem distant from
and Jury of 2nd Iranian Lighting eastern landscapes yet during his
Design Conference and Prof creative process Khodadadi
essional Lighting Convention. distances his work from these
Member of Scientific Committee familiar scenes. The over-stacking
and Jury of the 23rd International and criss- crossing of lines confer
Exhibition of Home on the painting a feeling of pattern.
Furniture.(Tehran International Straight lines begin to curl and give
Permanent Fairground). a feel of wind and dishevelment
Member of Jury The first that can be fathomed as
National Award for Best Furniture tantamount to perplexity or
(PFN AWARD 2014). bewilderment.
The Contrasting lines play an changing integral aspects of shapes,
integral part in the aesthetics of patterns and patina he creates
this painting while the colours are diversity within the redundant
form the same group (unless used rhythm of shapes. The painting of
for background spacing) Khodadadis 'Perplexity' series
. Line segments are the simplest focus on the flow of a landscape
of visual ingredients, yet the and its transformation to patterns
artist, through detailed stacking and on how a chaotic atmosphere
and shading, has turned them and immense and graduated space
into patterns. A sort of optical can be reproduced on canvas or
illusion is produced by this vice versa.It is as if perspective
stacking that concentrates how appears and disappears through
they are viewed. This can clearly the brushing aside of the fields of
be seen in the works of Victor straw. Simultaneously these are
Vasarely (1906-1997) and Bridget simply works of art with visual
Riley (b.1931) whose works stress elements that under their own
the layers find connections to literary
relationship of form and narrative. subjects.
In fact Khodadadi endeavors to
portray these accomplishments of
modern painting on a few level in
his work. The envisioning of either Exhibitions
a waxing or waning process while Several solo exhibitions in :Golestan
looking at the Gallery, Barg Gallery, Haft Samar
Perplexity(Bewildered) series is an Gallery, Mah Art Gallery,Hoor Art
example of this artifice. The relief- Gallery and Boom art Gallery.
type textures Khodadadi also Participation in the collective
adhere to the amassing of one exhibition of more than 140
form and its transformations. By domestic and foreign