Pan European Forest Certification Council
Registered as an asbl in Luxembourg No. 1999-61-02192
No. 3 (October 2000)
This electronic newsletter is issued three to four times a year and provides member countries of PEFC with the opportunity to present a short update to each other on the progress of certification activities in their own words. The newsletter can also be distributed further a field to interested parties. You can of course also visit the web sites of members for the latest information, e.g. press releases, national newsletters etc by clicking on the relevant country symbol on the home page of the official PEFC web site (www.pefc.org). Back copies of newsletters and press releases can be obtained from the web site.
New Schemes Endorsed Summary of Certified Hectares of PEFCC Endorsed Forest Certification Schemes Mutual Recognition Proceedings available on Website Chain of Custody Poland Seminar Annual General Meeting Notice New Applications for Membership Logo Usage Licences PEFCC Member Organisations – news and information o Austria o Denmark o France o Finland o Germany o Latvia o Norway Contact Information for National Governing Bodies
Published by: The Pan European Forest Certification Council, 17 Rue des Girondins, Hollerich, L-1626, Luxembourg Tel: +352 26 25 90 59 Fax: +352 26 25 92 58 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.pefc.org
New Schemes Endorsed
Welcome to the third PEFCC newsletter. The last four months have been very busy for the PEFCC in its promotion of sustainable forest management. As those of you who regularly visit our web site (www.pefc.org) will already know, the PEFCC has unanimously endorsed two more national forest certification schemes, following a rigorous assessment procedure. These are the German Forest Certification Scheme (31 st July 2000) and the Austrian Forest Certification Scheme (6th September 2000). These schemes join the three Nordic scheme already endorsed (see newsletter 2) and already 2.3 million hectares have been independently certified in Germany, with 550,000 hectares expected to be certified in Austria within the next few weeks. This takes the total hectarage of forests certified to schemes endorsed by the PEFCC to 23.5 Million (see table below). The articles within this newsletter, written by each national governing body member, provide more details.
Summary of Certified Hectares of PEFCC Endorsed Forest Certification Schemes
Scheme Endorsed by PEFCC Austrian Forest Certification Scheme German Forest Certification Scheme Finnish Forest Certification Scheme Norwegian Living Forests Standards and Certification Scheme Swedish Forest Certification Scheme TOTAL Hectares Certified (Millions) 0 2.30 15.00 5.00 1.20 23.50
In June of this year, forest certification experts gathered at the first-ever global seminar on mutual recognition, which was organised by the PEFCC. Part sponsored by the European Commission, this event brought together many forest certification schemes, other initiatives and experts to explore and discuss the requirements for mutual recognition between various existing and developing schemes.
The proceedings of this seminar can be down loaded from the PEFC website (http://www.pefc.org/mutualframe.htm). It was generally agreed that in order to build on the numerous contacts made between participants and the positive constructive dialogue and exploration of ideas; further seminars should be held. In order to build confidence between the participants, it was felt that different organisations should host future seminars, which would build on this one. PEFCC intends to continue to engage in constructive dialogue at future seminars, amongst other occasions, and we have been informed that the next event will be organised by the Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) and others to take place in Brussels on the 29th of November.
the management of all processes within an enterprise. However what happens if you are a small enterprise, which is not involved in ISO or EMAS processes? How does the PEFCC ensure that it stays loyal to its guiding principles of credibility, open access and non-discrimination? PEFCC pioneered the concept of Regional Certification for sustainable forest management. Similarly PEFCC is of the view that all enterprises should have access to credible, transparent and affordable chain of custody certification. Small to medium sized enterprises, like woodland owners, should not be lumbered with bureaucratic expensive mechanisms that discriminate against them. So the concept of group chain of custody certification has been developed. An example of this is in Austria, where a chain of custody system was developed which will allow many smaller enterprises to have their chain of custody certified in a cost effective manner, without risking credibility. This is an example of the practical pragmatic approach PEFCC takes to promote the use of timber from sustainably managed forests. Some interesting questions have been raised over the use of the different chains of custody required by different international schemes. We hope that an independently commissioned study to be undertaken by Indufor Oy to investigate the similarities and differences between these will help towards answering some of these questions and provide useful pointers for the ongoing debate on mutual recognition.
Chain of Custody
As most of you know, Annex 6 of our Technical Document outlines the rules for the verification of the chain of custody. This needs, of course, to be certified by an independent third party and many organisations do this through incorporating the rules and demonstrating the procedures via the ISO and EMAS processes. This reduces costs and allows a more holistic and integrated approach to
Seminar in Poland
PEFCC is organising a seminar in conjunction with the Polish State Forestry Service to help the various stakeholders in Poland to develop their own national forestry standard and certification scheme. Part funded by the European Commission’s General Directorate for the Environment, this bespoke seminar will
provide stakeholders in Poland an opportunity to share and exchange views with those who have already developed schemes, or those who are in the final stages of preparing their schemes. A range of speakers from countries in economic transition and from northern and central Europe will present their experiences and chain of custody and labelling issues will also be addressed. This seminar will take place at the end of October at one of the Forestry Training Schools south of Warsaw. PEFC representatives from Finland and the Czech Republic were asked, and provided presentations on their schemes at two seminars organised by the Finnish Forest Certification Council for interested parties in Russia in St Petersburg and Moscow in September.
New Applications for membership
An application has been received from PEFC UK Ltd to join the PEFC Council as a full member. The Board of Directors are recommending acceptance of the application and members will be asked to vote on it at the General Assembly in January. Similarly, an application for the extraordinary membership category from the European Federation of Community Forests (FECOF) is being recommended for acceptance in January.
PEFCC Logo Usage Licences
The PEFC Council has now issued contracts and licences to the members to allow them to issue sub-licences on behalf of PEFCC in accordance with the logo usage rules as outlined in Annex 7 of the PEFC Technical Document. This means that fairly soon now you will be able to see the first certified products bearing the PEFC logo. The first logo usage sublicence will be issued by PEFC Finland on the 12th of October, and will shortly be followed by others in Austria, Germany, Norway, and Sweden. Each logo user will have a registration number, which will allow customers and members of the public to identify them and their chain of custody or forest management certificate. A software program has been designed which will allow pertinent details of licence holders to be placed on the Internet site at a national and also international level. It is envisaged that training courses for those not yet familiar with the software will be held in December with the first data going on line early next year. In the meantime, information on licence holders can be obtained from the national governing bodies.
PEFCC members and extraordinary members should note that the 4th General Assembly will take place in Luxembourg on Friday 26th January 2001. Invitations will be sent out nearer the time. Please also note that the PEFCC Board of Directors meets on the 5th December to prepare items for the agenda and so any issues members would like dealt with should be sent to me by the 20th November.
View of the Petruse Valley, Luxembourg
An example of how the licence registration number works is outlined in the diagram below: PEFC Coding System A PEFC logo usage code shall be issued by the PEFC Council, or the National Governing Bodies, according to the PEFC Coding System below.
PEFC 0 2
1 1 …
2 3 4 2 …
Sublicense number issued by National Governing Body to individual forest holdings in case of regional or group forest certification. 12 digits are allowed as a maximum.
License sequence number (issued by PEFCC in case of user category 1 or to international companies) or sublicense sequence number issued by National Governing Body to logo user category 2 – group, region or individual holding with direct PEFC certificate, logo user category 3 and logo user category 4 Five digits are allowed as a maximum. - Type of forest management certification (in case of logo usage category 2 – Forest Owners/Managers) 1 – Regional certification 2 – Group certification 3 – Individual certification - Type of C-O-C certificate holder (in case of logo usage category 3) 1 - Timber trade 2 - Sawmill 3 - Pulp and Paper 4 - Other primary forest industries 5 - Wood Manufacturing 6 - Construction 7 - Wood Products Trade/Retailers 8 - Other - Type of non-commercial logo user (in case of logo user category 4) 1 - Education 2 - Environmental NGO 3 - Social NGO 4 - Other Type of PEFC logo usage category (according to PEFC Logo Usage Guide – Annex 7 to the PEFC Technical Document) 1 – Category 1: National Governing Body 2 – Category 2: Forest Owners and Managers 3 – Category 3: Forest Industry/Traders/Distributors 4 – Category 4: Other Actors
Country code of the National Governing Body which issued the (sub) license or PEFCC in case when license is issued directly by the PEFCC 01 code for the licenses issued by PEFCC 02…99 code appointed to a country by the PEFC Council
Reports From The National PEFC Governing Bodies
In this section, each of the PEFC members has the opportunity to present a brief report on the current state of play in their country. The views expressed here are the views of the members and do not necessarily reflect the views of the PEFC Council
enterprises to participate at reasonable costs. An efficient statistically significant random sampling inspection will be carried out among the participants. Pilot inspections in enterprises of different woodworking industry branches have been carried out and have demonstrated the applicability of the PEFC chain of custody verification. At the International Timber Exhibition in Klagenfurt / Austria PEFC Austria recently made a presentation of state of the art of certification to an interested audience of over 500 attendants.
Please visit our homepage: www.pefc.at
Austrian Scheme Endorsed On September 6 2000, the Austrian Forest Certification Scheme was unanimously endorsed by the Pan European Forest Certification Council (PEFCC) members after passing an independent assessment against the requirements of the PEFCC. The Austrian scheme is the fifth Scheme to be endorsed, in the steadily growing PEFC family. The Austrian scheme also includes a national Chain of Custody system, which was developed for the many small and medium sized enterprises in the woodworking business. Nine regions have been defined which can apply for PEFC certification. In this first region – which comprises parts of the federal counties of Carinthia and Styria the certification process has already started. An independent certification body is currently assessing the sustainability report for this region and a regional audit will follow shortly. About 11,500 forest owners manage the 550.000 hectares in this region, and certification is expected within the next few weeks. Other regions are expected to also apply for certification within the following months. For the chain of custody verification, a group model was developed to enable small and medium sized wood processing
Further information from: email@example.com
Denmark implementing Lisbon Resolutions Following on from our account in the last newsletter, PEFC Denmark has now established two Working Groups. Working Group 1 is formulating the forestry standard and Working Group 2 is designing the certification system (i.e. the Chain of Custody and the part concerning forests respectively). Certification Standards A Working Group conducted by the Danish Forest and Nature Protection Agency (State Forest Department) is in the process of implementing the Lisbon resolutions. All relevant stakeholders are participating in the Working Group with the aim of achieving consensus on voluntary guidelines for sustainable forest management for both private and state owned forests. Certification Process - At the moment WG 2 has almost completed the procedures for the Danish Chain of Custody. The next
step is to formulate the certification procedures for the forests Our Working Group will use these National Voluntary Guidelines to form the Danish PEFC Criteria and Indicators
For more information please contact: Mikkel Kloppenborg-Nielson: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
known that only international approval of the national forest certification system and a widely known brand name product give certified wood products a competitive edge on the international markets. During the fall of 2000 the interest in chain-ofcustody certificates among forest industry companies has grown rapidly.
For further information contact: Auvo Kaivola E-mail:email@example.com
Continued Progress in Finland Finland's 8th forest certificate goes to Kainuu On 25 September 2000, the region of Kainuu received a forest certificate covering the area of over 1.5 million hectares. Altogether, Kainuu's forest certificate and the seven other forest certificates granted to other parts of Finland in 1999 affect more than 15 million hectares of forest. Regional forest certification is proving to function well under Finland's forestry conditions. External auditing aimed at the granting of forest certificates during the present year is also taking place in the Forestry Centre areas of Pohjois-Pohjanmaa, Pohjois-Savo, Häme-Uusimaa, Kymi and Rannikko. The aim is for all of the country's 13 Forestry Centre areas to have a forest certificate in accordance with the FFCS (Finnish Forest Certification System) criteria awarded by an independent certification enterprise by the end of 2000. Measures to keep the forest owners well informed are ensuring the implementation of sustainable forest management criteria into the forestry practices. Use of the PEFC logo begins As the national PEFC body in Finland, the Finnish Forest Certification Council will be granting the first PEFC logo usage rights in October. Finland's national system received the approval of the PEFC Council in May 2000. In Finland, it is well
Assessment of French Scheme to Commence Soon The official assessment of the French Forest Certification Scheme is expected to start in November of this year (look out for the press release). A preliminary application can already be seen on the PEFC web site, but additional elements including a chain of custody, will be added before the application is complete and ready to start its formal assessment according to Annex 5 of the Technical Document.
For further information contact: Jean-Marie Barbier E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
First certificates and endorsement for Germany On 31st July 2000 the German Forest Certification Scheme (GFCS) was endorsed by the PEFCC. The scheme had passed an independent assessment by the Finnish consultant INDUFOR OY and was unanimously endorsed by the members of the PEFCC. With regard to the extraordinary demand of forest owners to use the PEFC logo the endorsement of the scheme, as a precondition for the logo usage contract between PEFCC and PEFC Germany, has been of great importance.
In April 2000 the first forest enterprises in the regions Thuringia, BadenWürttemberg and Bavaria were granted a certificate according to the GFCS. During the last six months 1.8 million hectares have been certified in those regions. Besides the state forests more than 400 forest owners have signed the voluntary self-commitment and have paid the certification fee (0,10 Euro/ha). This number comprises 40 % privately owned forests, 16% forestry associations and 44% community forests. It is anticipated that by the end of the year, four further regions – Lower Saxonia, Brandenburg, Hesse and Rheinland-Pfalz – will become certified. An accredited certification body has already assessed the regional forest report of Lower Saxonia - with positive results. The report of Brandenburg is ready and the reports for the other areas are under preparation. It is expected that more than 3 million hectares will become certified by the end of this year. The Forestry Ministry of North-Rhine Westphalia has commissioned a model project to compare PEFC and FSC in practice. Within the next weeks the independent expert in charge, Prof. Thoroe from Hamburg, will present the results of his assessment. The decision of state forest departments in some regions will depend on the outcome of this study.
For further information contact: Dirk Teeglebekkers E-mail: Pefc-Deutschland@t-online.de
European Operational Level Guidelines for Sustainable Forest Management; a Model for biodiversity assessment and the Model of Green Forest Management Plan are all underway. It is anticipated that the PEFC Latvia scheme will be ready to be submitted to the PEFC Council for endorsement at the end of 2000. The scheme first needs to be accepted by the PEFC Latvia Council, with some documents already having been approved by the various Working Groups. At the same time 14 local organisations have worked to provide information, training and education for forest owners and leaders of local organisations through the Forest Manager Associations. As a basis for starting the documentation of forests, the requirement of the PEFC Latvia scheme is a Green management plan for each forest property of a certification group. The Green forest management plan will give forest owners more knowledge and information about methods on how to manage forest production with respect to nature protection and conservation. The working group developed the Model of Green forest management plan after consultation with other groups and different levels and institutions of forestry specialists. A Model was proposed and accepted by the PEFC Latvia Board, and 60 taxators have been trained to help forest owners, who would like to have their forest certified and develop forest management plans. The Green forest management plan will be prepared by forest owners themselves, if they would like to take part in the forest certification process. The model of that plan responds first of all to forest owners’ needs and interests, and the same time – provides tools, needed in the certification process, to achieve economically and ecologically sustainable forestry.
Certification of Latvian private forests Present situation This summer, PEFC Latvia started to develop the documentation for the PEFC Latvia Forest Certification Scheme. The basic documents include: the System for certification of Forest operations and wood supply; the Forest Standard; an Analysis and Review of Pan European Criteria and Indicators; an Analysis and Review of Pan
Specially trained taxators are available to advise forest owners, who will explain the PEFC system and Latvian Forest Standard. Local organisation or certification group leaders and advisors will work with each forest owner helping to provide information about the PEFC process, as they are the most competent specialists in certification groups. A Green forest management plan including economical, ecological, social, cultural values and countryside development considerations is a good platform for all extension and advisory activities. Forest owners’ organisations – such as the Forest owners/ managers associations – are the only credible platform for introducing certification systems in private forests. Forest properties are small, about 5-10 ha in size, and owners need to be well organised and need to believe, that certification, via a transparent, voluntary and open process, will improve their forest management. This is possible to achieve by using good examples, in the first instance e.g. through demonstration forests. At present we have 5 demonstration forests, where we have started to develop the idea of a Green forest management plan - which is the platform and basis for the certification process. The first seminar in such a demonstration forest was held on 15 September 2000, and the first commitment from a forest owner to certify his 30 ha forest was signed at the same event. All relevant interested groups were invited to take part in the seminar. Further seminars will take place in all five demonstration forests before the end of the year. Our experience shows, that if we really would like to involve every forest owner in the certification process, because this is the only guarantee for sustainable management of forests in a small country such as Latvia, we have to have a strong forest owners association with a good structure, and
responsible leaders of local forest owners organisations.
For further information please contact: Skaidrite Albertina E-Mail: email@example.com
Certification update Approximately 5 million hectares of forest have been certified in Norway so far. 4.9 million cubic metres of timber were harvested from these areas in 1999. This constitutes 64 % of the 7-8 million cubic metres harvested in Norway every year. The figure is expected to rise to 90 % by the end of the year. On 15th of September the Mjøsen district association of the Norwegian Forest Owners Federation was awarded with an ISO 14001 certificate, basing their forest management on the 23 Living Forests Standards. Earlier this summer the district association of Glommen got their ISO 14001 / Living Forests certificate, and the district association of Viken got their certificate back, after the suspension by Det norske Veritas (DNV) earlier this year. The reason for the suspension was that non-conformances discovered in external audits were not corrected within the time limit given by the independent certification body (DNV). Viken has worked hard and even given themselves some more time throughout the summer, to take the necessary actions for improvement. Renewed validity of their certificate was achieved due to their efforts. The other certificate holders are 3 district associations of the Norwegian Forest Owners Federation, the State-owned Land and Forestry Company and two forest industry companies. The previous good news with regard to skills building among Norwegian forest owners is getting even better. About
13.000 forest owners participating in more than 1.400 study courses, already have, or are about to complete their studies on the Living Forests Standards and how to sustainably manage the Norwegian Forests. The winter, and thus a new study season, is approaching, and forest owners are already signing up to participate in the season’s Living Forests study courses. During the summer WWF undertook their own log inventory and unannounced inspections in forests in southern Norway. WWF Norway controls several Norway
claims to have discovered violations on the Living Forests Standards, especially with regard to the Living Forests Standard on key habitats. The Norwegian Forest Owners Federation (NFOF) strongly disputes WWF Norway claims in this case. For further information on this matter see www.skog.no and www.wwf.no or www.wwf.de.
For further information contact: Elizabeth Gill E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
PEFCC Member Contact Details
PEFC Austria PEFC Belgium PEFC Czech Republic PEFC Denmark PEFC Finland PEFC France PEFC Germany PEFC Ireland PEFC Latvia PEFC Norway PEFC Portugal PEFC Spain PEFC Sweden PEFC Switzerland
email@example.com Woodnet@skynet.be firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Pefc-Deutschland@t-online.de firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Stefan Czamutzian Bertrand Auquière Jaroslav Tymrak Mikkel Kloppenborg-Nielson Auvo Kaivola Jean-Marie Barbier Dirk Teeglebekkers Brian Hussey Skaidrite Albertina Elizabeth Gill Claudia Viliotis Eva Martin Orejeudo Folke Stenstrom Urs Amstutz
We welcome your comments on this issue of the PEFCC Newsletter. We hope to distribute the next edition at the beginning of January 2001