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Great things are not done by impulse, but by a series of small things brought together.

Vincent Van Gogh

Unit 2 Exam A Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table


Congratulations! Weve made it to the end of Unit 2. This is your chance to prove all you have learned.
Do your very best on this test. Lets make our 80% class goal. I have faith in you to do very well on this.
Believe in yourself and give it your all. Do the questions you know best first, then go back to any you are
unsure about.

Class Set of Tests PLEASE DO NOT WRITE ON THIS!!!!


_____/10 Structure of the atom nucleus and electron cloud
Use words from the word bank to label the parts of the following diagram - Not all words will be
used. (2 pts per blank):
3.

1. 4.

2.
5.
Word bank
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Energy Levels/
Electron Cloud
Nucleus
Atom
Element

_____/10 Subatomic particles (protons, neutrons and electrons)


Fill in the blanks in the following chart with the correct word on your answer sheet. (2 pts each)

SUBATOMIC
Symbol SIZE (in amu) LOCATION: CHARGE:
PARTICLES
1 amu
Proton p+ 6. Positive
7.
Neutron n Inside the nucleus Neutral
9.
Electron 8. 0 amu 10.

____/10 Atomic number and mass number, calculating p, n, e

11. (2 pts) Which element has 16 protons in its nucleus?


(a) Carbon
(b) Sulfur
(c) Oxygen
(d) Krypton

12. (2 pts) What is atomic number and mass number of Cobalt (Co)?
(a) Atomic Number = 59, Mass Number = 27
(b) Atomic Number = 6, Mass Number = 12
(c) Atomic Number = 27, Mass Number = 59
(d) Atomic Number = 12, Mass Number = 6

For questions 13-15, calculate the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in most atoms of
magnesium and select the appropriate numbers.

13. (2 pts) Write in on your answer sheet. How many protons are in a neutral atom of magnesium?

14. (2 pts) Write in on your answer sheet. How many neutrons are in a neutral atom of magnesium?

15. (2 pts) Write in on your answer sheet. How many electrons are in a neutral atom of magnesium?

____/10 Neutral Atom

16. (2 pts) The charge on a neutral atom is ____________.


(a) zero since the atom contains an equal number of electrons and protons.
(b) positive since protons have a greater mass.
(c) negative since electrons are so far from the nucleus.
(d) determined only by the number of protons.

17. (2 pts) The atomic number of bromine is 35. A neutral bromine atom will have _______ protons.
(a) 35 protons
(b) 80 protons
(c) 7 protons
(d) 17 protons

18. (2 pts) The atomic number of bromine is 35. A neutral bromine atom will have _______ electrons.
(a) 35 electrons
(b) 7 electrons
(c) 80 electrons
(d) 17 electrons

19. (4 pts) Short Answer: A magnesium atom has 12 protons and 10 electrons. Is it neutral? If yes,
why? If no, what does it need to become neutral?

_____/10 Groups and Periods

20. (2 pts) Which group/family is Xenon (Xe) in (look at your periodic table)?
(a) Transition Metals (Groups 3-12)
(b) Alkali Metals (Group 2)
(c) Halogens (Group 17)
(d) Noble Gases (Group 18)

21. (2 pts) What group number and period number is Titanium (Ti)?
(a) Group 1, Period 1
(b) Groups 4, Period 18
(c) Group 2, Period 4
(d) Groups 4, Period 2

22. (2 pts) Which of the following pairs of elements contains two elements in the same group?
(a) Aluminum (Al) and Chlorine (Cl)
(b) Boron (B) and Aluminum (Al)
(c) Boron (B) and Oxygen (O)
(d) Aluminum (Al) and Sodium (Na)

23. (2 pts) Which of the following pairs of elements contains two elements in the same period?
(a) Sodium (Na) and Potassium (K)
(b) Sodium (Na) and Magnesium (Mg)
(c) Carbon (C) and Silicon (Si)
(d) Chlorine (Cl) and Neon (Ne)

24. (2 pts) Which two elements are in the same group as Lithium (Li)?
(a) Beryllium (Be) and Carbon (C)
(b) Hydrogen (H) and Sodium (Na)
(c) Selenium (Se) and Oxygen (O)
(d) Potassium (K) and Arsenic (As)

____/10 Atomic mass and isotopes

25. (2 pts) What makes up most of the mass of a calcium atom?


(a) only protons
(b) only neutrons
(c) protons and electrons
(d) protons and neutrons

26. (2 pts) Isotopes are two atoms of the same element with the same number of _____________, but
different number of _____________.
(a) protons, electrons.
(b) protons, neutrons.
(c) neutrons, protons.
(d) electrons, neutrons

Use the following information to answer the following three questions


18 19 20
Here are three isotopes of Fluorine: 9 F 9 F 9 F

27. (2 pts) The number 9 refers to the:


(a) Atomic number
(b) Number of neutrons
(c) Mass number
(d) Number of electrons

28. (2 pts) The numbers 18, 19, and 20 refer to the:


(a) Number of neutrons
(b) Mass number
(c) Number of electrons
(d) Number of protons and electrons
29. (2 pts) The average atomic mass of neon is 20.179 amu. How many neutrons do most neon
atoms have in their nucleus?
(a) 8
(b) 10
(c) 11
(d) 20

____/10 metallic and nonmetallic properties

30. (2 pts) The table below provides some properties of the imaginary elements A, D, E, and G. Which
element is most likely a nonmetal?

Heat and
electrical
Element Magnetism
conductivity
A High Low
D High High
E Low Low
G Low High

(a) Element A
(b) Element D
(c) Element E
(d) Element G

31. (2 pts) Pure silicon (Si) is chemically classified as a metalloid because silicon:
(a) is malleable and can be made into wires.
(b) is shiny and hard
(c) is a very good conductor of electricity and heat.
(d) shows both metallic and nonmetallic properties.

32. (2 pts) Metals are located on the ________ side of the periodic table and nonmetals are located at
the ________ of the periodic table.
(a) Top, bottom
(b) Right, left
(c) Bottom, top
(d) Left, right

33. (2 pts) Which of the elements below is a nonmetal?


(a) Potassium
(b) Copper
(c) Calcium
(d) Argon
34. (2 pts) Which of the elements below is a metal?
(a) Lithium
(b) Helium
(c) Xenon
(d) Chlorine