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Packaging processes and Equipments
2. What Is Packaging
all products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment,
protection, handling, delivery and preservation of goods from the producer to the
user or consumer
3. Purposes of Packaging and Labeling
Information Transmission
Physical and Barrier Protection
4. <ul><li>Containment</li></ul>To hold the product directly; this is PRIMARY
packaging. <br />
5. <ul><li>Information Transmission</li></ul>identify the brand and any related
companies<br />explain how it should be used<br />warn about the hazards for
misuse<br /> reveal product contents<br />
6. <ul><li>Physical and Barrier Protection</li></ul>To prevent spoilage, leakage,
breakage, moisture changes, theft and tampering<br />
7. <ul><li>Transport</li></ul>To easily and safely move the product from the
manufacturer then to the retailer and finally, to the consumer<br />
8. <ul><li>Display</li></ul>To attractively display<br />to sell <br />
9. Basic Symbols For Transport of Packages<br />
10. FRAGILE<br />KEEP DRY<br />
13. DO NOT STACK<br />HEAVY<br />
14. Types of Packages<br />Primary Package<br />Secondary Package<br
/>Tertiary Package<br />
15. i. Primary Package<br />It is the material that first envelops the material and
holds it<br />
16. ii. Secondary Packaging <br />used to group primary packages together.<br />
17. iii. Tertiary Packaging<br />Used for bulk handling, warehouse storage and
transport shipping.<br />Most common is a pelletized unit load that packs tightly
into containers<br />

Labeling Section and Equipments<br />Labeling<br />any written. Flat Class Labeling Machine<br />b. sugar. Vacuum Packaging Machine<br /><ul><li>method of packaging that removes air from the package</li></ul>- long-term storage of dry foods<br /> 26.<br /> 22. Sealing Section and Equipments<br />b. Usually after the filling section<br />Some types of Sealing equipments. Round Bottle Labeling Machine<br />c.<br /> 25. but the hopper of the filler is set up to permit scan counting of tablets or candy pieces<br /> 23. and thin food products. flour etc. or graphic communications on the packaging or on a separate but associated label<br />Types of Labeling Machines<br />a. Tablet Fillers<br />designed for products that is counted by pieces instead of weight. tampering resistance. Filling Section and Equipments<br />c. chemical.18. Side of the Class Labeling Machine<br /> . oils. Filling Section and Equipments<br />b. or biological needs. the ejects the open bottle back onto another conveyor for sealing. Sealing Section and Equipments<br />c.<br /> 28.<br />fillers have a hopper shaped like a cone that holds the mix and puts it in a pouch using an auger screw that is controlled by the agitator<br /> 21. Filling Section and Equipments<br />Auger/Agitator filling machines<br />Designed to fill dry mixes. electronic.<br /> 27. Packaging Process<br />Filling Section<br />Sealing Section<br />Labeling<br />End of line<br />Section<br /> 19. and a thin sheet of transparent plastic is placed over the product and paperboard. Flow Filling Machines<br />designed for liquids. Sealing Section and Equipments<br />Food Packaging Machines<br /> machine that protects food that requires protection. and special physical. Skin pack machine<br />product is placed on a piece of paperboard. Filling Section and Equipments<br />Filling Machines<br />Machines used to fill bottles or a pouch depending on the product<br />General types of filling machines<br />Auger/Agitator Filling Machines<br />Flow filling machines<br />Tablet fillers<br /> 20. Sealing Section and Equipments<br />d. This usually has a backing of paperboard or a "lidding" seal of aluminum foil or plastic. such as milk powder. These are designed for small bottles. These fillers are designed when they fill a bottle or tub that enters the machine. Blister Pack Machine<br />blister pack is a cavity or pocket made from a "formable" web. Sealing Section and Equipments<br />Sealing Machines<br />Machines used to securely close and/or fasten the product.<br />Food Packaging Machines<br />Vacuum Packaging Machines<br />Blister Packaging Machines<br />Skin Pack Packaging Machines<br /> 24. usually a thermoformed plastic.

End of line Section and Equipments<br />b.<br /> 33. etc. can complete a round bottle cover standard equipment. vertical. overwrapping. while achieving a round bottle labeling. End of line Section and Equipments<br />d. and robotic. such as boxes. Round Bottle Labeling Machine<br />to achieve in cylindrical. End of line Section and Equipments<br />e. plastic shell. side arc label or film. End of line Section and Equipments<br /> Types of Machines used:<br />Case/Box Sealers<br />Sleeve Wrappers and Bundlers<br />Case Erectors and Box Forming Machines<br />Case Packers<br />Palletizing Equipment<br /> 34. Case Packers<br />Case packers automatically load products into boxes. Labeling Section and Equipments<br />c. There are several types of case packing machines including horizontal. <br /> . such as cosmetic bottles flat. conical circumferential surface of the product label or film.<br /> 36. Labeling Section and Equipments<br />Flat Class Labeling Machine<br /> to achieve the plane on the workpiece.<br /> 38. are rolling and smoking stickers<br /> 30.29. plastic bottles<br /> 31. <br />Uniform Case Sealing<br />Random Case Sealing<br /> 35. Case Erectors and Box forming<br /> machines which form a carton board blank into a carton filled with a product into single carton. End of line Section and Equipments<br />Case Sealers<br /> Case Sealers are used in production environments where a run of the same sized cases is made. Palletizing Equipment<br />Automatic palletizers arrange boxes and bags on pallets. square box. End of line Section and Equipments<br />c. books. the machine engages its slots to apply adhesive and close both the ends of carton completely sealing the carton<br /> 37. then changed over for the next sized box.<br /> 32. Labeling Section and Equipments<br />b. Sleeve Wrappers and Bundlers<br /> an alternative to case packing where the product is bundled together for shipment. End of line Section and Equipments<br />End of the line section <br />After individual packages have been made the next step is getting the products ready for shipment. after the filling. the arc of the label and foil.. Side of the Class Labeling Machine<br />to achieve the workpiece side of the plane. such as glass bottles.