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SOLAF CHEMISTRY SPM 2014

(A) SALT

1 Which of the following is not the physical property of salt crystals ?


Di antara berikut yang manakah bukan sifat fizikal hablur garam ?

A Salt crystals have certain geometrical shapes.


Hablur garam mempunyai bentuk geometri.
B Salt crystals have flat surfaces.
Hablur garam mempunyai permukaan yang rata.
C Salts crystals have fixed angles between two surfaces next to each other.
Hablur garam mempunyai sudut tertentu di antara dua permukaan yang bersebelahan.
D Salts crystals have round corners.
Hablur garam mempunyai sudut yang bulat.
Aras rendah

2 Which salt is a soluble salt?


Garam manakah adalah garam terlarut?

A Barium sulphate C Lead(II) chloride


Barium sulfat Plumbum (II) klorida
B Potassium carbonate D Calcium sulphate
Kalium karbonat Kalsium sulfat
Aras rendah
3 Which of the following salt dissolves in water?
Antara garam berikut, yang manakah larut dalam air?
A Sodium carbonate B Magnesium carbonate
Natrium karbonat Magnesium carbonate
B Calcium sulphate D Lead(II) chloride
Kalsium sulfat Plumbum(II) chloride
Aras rendah
4 Which of the following salts is prepared using double decomposition method?
Antara yang berikut, garam manakah yang disediakan dengan menggunakan kaedah
penguraian ganda dua?

A Copper(II) sulphate B Lead(II) chloride


Kuprum(II) sulfat Plumbum(II) klorida
C Iron(II) nitrate D Potassium carbonate
Ferum(II) nitrat Kalium karbonat
Aras sederhana

5 Which of the following pairs of solutions form a precipitate when mixed together?
Yang manakah antara pasangan larutan-larutan berikut membentuk mendakan apabila
dicampurkan?

A Dilute hydrochloric acid and silver nitrate solution


Asid hidroklorik cair dan larutan argentum nitrat
B Dilute nitric acid and potassium carbonate solution
Asid nitrik cair dan larutan kalium karbonat
C Dilute nitric acid and calcium carbonate solution
Asid nitrik cair dan larutan kalsium karbonat
D Dilute hydrochloric and magnesium carbonate solution

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SOLAF CHEMISTRY SPM 2014

Asid hidrokloric cair dan larutan magnesium karbonat


Aras sederhana

Heat 6 Diagram shows the steps involved to obtain pure salt crystals.
Panaskan Rajah menunjukkan
Impuritieslangkah-langkah untuk mendapat kristal garam yang tulen.
Bahan tak tulen

Salt solution
Larutan garam

Salt solution
Larutan garam Imp
Gar

Heat
Filter paper Panaskan
Kertas turas

Pure salt
Garam tulen

What is the name of the above process? Apakah nama proses di atas?

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SOLAF CHEMISTRY SPM 2014

A Crystallisation / Penghabluran B Recrystallisation / Penghabluran semula


C Precipitation / Pemendakan D Displacement / Penyesaran
Aras sederhana

7 The following chemical equation represents a chemical reaction between two substances.
Persamaan kimia di bawah mewakili tindak balas kimia di antara dua sebatian.

AgNO3 + HCl AgCl + HNO3

Which of the following is true about the reaction ?


Yang manakah adalah benar mengenai tindak balas tersebut ? KBAT

A Insoluble salt is produced.


Garam tak larut terbentuk.
B Neutralisation reaction occurs.
Tindak balas peneutralan berlaku.
C Green precipitate is formed.
Mendakan hijau terbentuk.
D A yellow solution is formed.
Larutan berwarna kuning terbentuk.
Aras sederhana

8 Examples of salt which can be prepared by double decomposition are

I Silver chloride
II Magnesium nitrate
III Barium sulphate
IV zinc carbonate

A I and III
B II and IV
C I, II and III
D I, III and IV
Aras rendah
9 The following equation shows the reaction between 30.0 cm of 0.5 moldm-3 nitric acid
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and 2.0 g of calcium carbonate.


Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan tindak balas di antara 30.0 cm3 0.5 moldm-3 asid
nitrik dengan 2.0 g kalsium karbonat.

2HNO3 + CaCO3 Ca(NO3)2 + CO2 + H2O

What is the mass of calcium carbonate left at the end of the reaction ?
Apakah jisim kalsium karbonat yang tinggal di akhir tindak balas?
[ Relative atomic mass : H,1 ; C,12 ; N,14 ; O,16 ; Ca, 40 ]
KBAT

A 1.00 g B 1.25 g C 1.50 g D 1.75 g


Aras tinggi

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SOLAF CHEMISTRY SPM 2014

10 The following equation shows the reaction between magnesium oxide and
hydrochloric acid.
Persamaan berikut menunjukkan tindak balas magnesium oksida dengan asid
hidroklorik.

MgO + 2HCl MgCl2 + H2O

What is the mass of magnesium chloride produced when excess magnesium oxide
react with 100 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid.
[Relative atomic mass : Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]

Berapakah jisim magnesium klorida yang terhasil apabila magnesium oksida


berlebihan bertindak balas dengan 100 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik?
[Jisim atom relatif : Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]
KBAT

A 0.050 g B 2.375 g C 4.750 g D 9.500 g


Aras tinggi

11 Diagram below shows the method of preparing a soluble salt.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kaedah penyediaan suatu garam larut.

Excess X

X berlebihan
50 cm3 of 2.0 moldm-3acid
Salt solution
50 cm3 asid 2.0 mol dm-3
Larutan garam

Salt solution

The solution is allowed to cool Larutan garam

Larutan dibiarkan sejuk


Heat

Panask
Which of the following could be X?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah mungkin X? KBAT

A Copper B sodium oxide


Kuprum Zink oksida

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SOLAF CHEMISTRY SPM 2014

C zinc oxide D Potassium hydroxide


Natrium oksida Kalium hidroksida
Aras sederhana

12 The following chemical equation shows the reaction between magnesium and
hydrochloric acid.
Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas antara magnesium dan asid
hidroklorik .

Mg + 2HCl MgCl2 + H2

What is the minimum mass of magnesium required to react with excess hydrochloric
acid when 360 cm3 of hydrogen gas is produced at room conditions?
[Molar volume of gas =24 dm3 mol-1 at room conditions;
Relative atomic mass: Mg = 24] KBAT

Berapakah jisim minimum magnesium yang diperlukan untuk bertindak balas dengan
asid hidroklorik yang berlebihan apabila 360 cm3 gas hidrogen dihasilkan pada
keadaan bilik?,
[Isipadu molar gas= 24 dm3 mol-1 pada keadaan bilik;Jisim atom relatif: Mg = 24]

A 0.24 g B 0.36 g C 3.60 g D 8.64 g


Aras tinggi

13 The following chemical equation represents a reaction between magnesium oxide and
sulphuric acid.
Persamaan kimia berikut mewakili tindak balas antara magnesium oksida dan asid sulfurik.

MgO + H2SO4 MgSO4 + H2O

What is the mass of magnesium sulphate formed when 2.0 g of magnesium oxide is reacted
with excess sulphuric acid?
Apakah jisim magnesium sulfat yang terbentuk apabila 2.0 g magnesium oksida
bertindak balas dengan asid sulfurik berlebihan? KBAT

(Molar mass : MgO = 40; MgSO4= 120)


(Jisim molar : MgO = 40; MgSO4 = 120)

A 3.6 g B 6.0 g C 9.6 g D 12.0 g


Aras tinggi

14 The following chemical equation shows the decomposition of calcium carbonate.


Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan penguraian kalsium karbonat.

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SOLAF CHEMISTRY SPM 2014

CaCO3 CaO + CO2

What is the mass of calcium oxide formed when 5 g of calcium carbonate is heated
strongly? [Relative atomic mass: C= 12, O= 16, Ca= 40]
Berapakah jisim kalsium oksida yang terbentuk apabila 5 g kalsium karbonat
dipanaskan dengan kuat? [Jisim atom relatif: C= 12, O= 16, Ca= 40] KBAT

A 0.28 g B 2.80 g
C 4.60 g D 8.90 g
Aras tinggi

15 Sodium hydrogen carbonate decomposes on heating according to the following equation:


Natrium hidrogen karbonat terurai oleh haba mengikut persamaan berikut:

2NaHCO3(s) Na2CO3(s) + CO2(g) + H2O(l)

If 16.8 g of sodium hydrogen carbonate is used, what is the mass of sodium carbonate
produced?
[Relative atomic mass: H = 1; C = 12; O = 16; Na = 23]
Jika 16.8 g natrium hidrogen karbonat digunakan, berapakah jisim natrium karbonat
yang terhasil?
[Jisim atom relatif: H = 1; C = 12; O = 16; Na = 23] KBAT

A 5.3 g B 10.6 g C 21.2 g D 42.4 g


Aras tinggi

16 Excess zinc powder is reacted with 100 cm 3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid. Calculate the
volume of gas produced at room condition.

Serbuk zink berlebihan ditindakbalaskan dengan 100 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.1 mol dm-3.
Hitung isipadu gas yang terhasil pada keadaan bilik.

[ 1 mole of gas occupies 24 dm3 at room condition]


[1 mol gas menempati 24 dm3 pada keadaan bilik] KBAT

A 0.03 dm3 B 0.06 dm3


C 0.12 dm3 D 0.24 dm3
Aras tinggi

17 The following chemical equation shows the reaction between potassium iodide
solution and lead(II) nitrate solution:
Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas antara larutan kalium iodida dan
larutan plumbum(II) nitrat:

Pb(NO3)2 + 2KI PbI2 + 2KNO3

Calculate the maximum mass of precipitate formed when excess potassium iodide
solution is added to 50 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3 lead(II) nitrate solution.

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SOLAF CHEMISTRY SPM 2014

[Relative atomic mass: Pb = 207, I = 127, K = 39, N =14, O =16]

Hitungkan jisim maksimum mendakan yang terbentuk apabila larutan kalium iodida
berlebihan ditambah ke dalam 50 cm3 larutan plumbum(II) nitrat 0.2 mol dm-3.
[Jisim atom relatif: Pb = 207, I = 127, K = 39, N =14, O =16] KBAT

A 1.01 g B 2.02 g C 4.61 g D 9.22 g


Aras tinggi