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PF/CASE STUDY/GP-6

LATEST EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS USED WORLDWIDE BY


DIFFERENT SECURITY FORCES TO NEUTRALIZE THE IEDS
AND UXO IN VARIOUS STAGES OF THE DISPOSAL
OPERATION

INTRODUCTION

1. Terrorism is a global phenomenon. But terrorism has risen sharply after the attack of
September 11 on USA. In Bangladesh also terrorism is not a new issue. Bangladesh has
faced various challenges of terrorism like ideological, ethnic and criminal terrorism. A
concern bomb explosion all over the country on 17 August 2005 has manifested the dormant
potency of religious fanatics. It has put the country in an awkward predicament. The then
British PM Sir winton CHURCHIL said The rapid disposal of UXB is of the highest
importance. The work of the BD squad must be facilitated by the provision of every kind of
up to date equipment. Therefore security forces of Bangladesh should be fully equipped with
modern equipment to combat with these incidents.

2. Now-a-days the technique of UXO and IED is developing at a rapid speed. The
devastation power of such UXO or IED have reached beyond the imagination power of
normal people. But the security forces of all countries are not keeping themselves seat tight.
They are also developing the means to neutralize those UXO or IED with the maximum
capabilities and safety. Like others Bangladesh EOD teams are also developing their
instruments in handing those UXO and IED in various stages of Bomb Disposal operation.

3. Modern technologies used widely in the preparation of various UXO or IED


disposals. The equipment and tools those are used for neutralizing the EOD and IED are
basically perform as per the stages they are tasked. The equipment and tools used in
developed countries are technically high sound than of us. But with the development of IED
accident in our countries, BD operators are also feeling the requirement of developing the
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standard of the equipment and tools they use to use in various stages of EOD or IED
operation. Furthermore when BD operators are going other countries in UN mission for
neutralizing and destroying various EOD and IED, due to the shortage of modern equipment
and tools they are facing difficulties while disposing those EOD and IED. So time has come
to discuss the equipment and tools used by modern countries and our country and take
necessary steps to develop those items in our country.

4. This paper shall attempt to discuss the latest equipment and tools used by various
security forces to neutralize or destroying EOD or IED in various stages of the disposal
operation. In doing so, at first it will highlight various equipment and tools used by BD
operator and other countries to neutralize or destroying the EOD in various stages of the
disposal operation. Then it will discuss various equipment and tools used by BD operator and
other countries to neutralize or destroying the IED in various stages of the disposal operation.
Finally it will take an endeavor to suggest some of the scopes to improve the standard of
various equipment and tool used by BD operator in near future to meet the forthcoming EOD
or IED challenges.

AIM

5. The aim of this paper is to highlight the latest equipment and tools used by various
security forces to neutralize or destroy the IEDs or EOD in various stages of the disposal
operation and suggest some of the measures to improve the standard of BD equipment and
tools.

EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS USED FOR UXO OPERATION

6. Bomb Reconnaissance And Locating.

a. In Bangladesh.

(1) MINE /METAL DETECTOR.


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Fig 1 : MINE /METAL DETECTOR.

(a) Capabilities.

i. The instrument is a high sensitivity metal detector based


upon very high speed pulse induction technology.
ii. It has exceptional performance against minimum metal
mines.
iii. It can self-adjust to its immediate environment.
iv. It is very simple to operate. A
minimum trained operator can operate
v. The equipment is weather proof

(b) Limitations.

i. It cannot detect nonmetallic explosive devices.


ii. If the floor made of concrete / steel its
totally useless.
iii. Max search depth is 25 cm only.
iv. If a good no of metallic components are
in and around the search area, the operator may ignore a true
signal.
v. No of false reading may be more in case of metallic
ground
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(2) FEREX BOMB LOCATOR.

Fig 2: FEREX 4.032 in use

Fig3: FEREX 4.032 API section showing the control unit with the pointer instrument

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Fig-4: FEREX 4.032 DLG-GPS with 3-probe holder Fig-5: FEREX DLG-GPS with 4-
probe holder

(a) Capabilities.

i. It is developed for detecting & locating


ferromagnetic metal in the
ground or underwater UXO
ii. Used for finding a Unexploded ammo
& missile, Pipelines, cable boxes, Ship anchors
iii. Depending upon their site & position ,
object can be detected within a distance of approximately 6 m
iv. Can be switched to diff four operating
modes
v. Can be used as a compass also

(b) Limitations. Cant detect specifically other ferromagnetic


object can create problem.

b. In Other Countries.

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(1) NON MAGNETIC MINE PRODDER.

Fig 6: NON MAGNETIC MINE PRODDER in use.

(a) Description. A non- magnetic mine prodder for locating


mines at depths of up to 250 mm. Primarily intended for situations
where a magnetic device would activate a mine, it is equally suitable for
use where magnetic fields are not considered as risk. The prodder is
lightweight and supplied with a carrier web suitable for personnel in
service webbing equipment.

(b) Technical Data.

i. Short assembled length: 510

ii. Long assembled length: 1.030 mm

iii. Weight (prodder): 409 gm

iv. Weight ( stored): 509 gm

vi. Mean diameter (main body): 20.5 mm


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vii. Diameter (average) mine needle:6.4mm

viii. Average diameter spike: 1.75 mm

ix. Spike hardness: 45/50 Rockwell

(2) VMH3 - MINE DETECTOR.

Fig 7 :VMH3 - MINE DETECTOR

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Fig 8: VMH3 - MINE DETECTOR

(a) Description. The Vallon VMH3 detector is designed to meet


the very specific needs of the mine clearance professionals for
humanitarian demining in post conflict areas. Its mechanical design
ensures a convenient use for hours.

VMH3 is especially recommended in areas with severe laterite


conditions or single mineralized stones. The modern DMPI
technology (Digital Magnetic Pulse Induction) and the cable free
design is the logical result from close cooperation with humanitarian
and commercial mine clearance personnel. The operating length of the
VMH3 can be adjusted even during operation in just a few seconds.
The short length for kneeling position meets the special requirements
of the professional deminers all over the world.

(b) Technical Data.

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i. Operation temperature: Storage temperature:


Environmental

ii. Conditions: Search programs:


6665-12-366-9914 3 ea. 1.5 V standard batteries D-size or 3 ea.
1.24 V rechargeable battery KR35/62 up to 25 hours depending
on battery type and SOIL program
0.2 - 1.5 m/s standard 0 - 0.2 m/s pinpointing -31 C
to +63 C
-51 C to +71 C According to MIL STD 810F 501.4-II, 502.4-
I, 502.4-II, 503.4, 506.4-III, 514.5 C1 2 soil programs (normal,
mineralized) acoustic via loudspeaker

iii. Metal alarm:


earphones, visual via LEDbargraph vibration alarm

iv. Power line suppression: automatic Press watertight: up


to 1.5 meters

vi. Dimensions Search head (oval):

31 x 17 cm 5 mm Length of telescopic

minimum . 79 cm 5 mm carrying bar

maximum. 139 cm 5 mm Transportation case: approx. 85


x 26 x 33 cm

Weights Complete detector set during operation (with approx.


2.5 kg batteries): Shipping weight with all approx. 4.8 kg

(4) GATESCAN 150 WALKTHROUGH METAL DETECTOR.

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Fig 9: GATESCAN 150 WALKTHROUGH METAL DETECTOR

(a) Description.

i. Uniform detection field throughout the archway. No


black spots where weapons can be slipped through

ii. Complete detection regardless of object(s) orientation.


However the weapon is concealed on the body, Gatescan 150
can find it.

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iii. User friendly control unit integrated into the cross


piece. no complicated user manual required.

iv. Access code protection to prevent

tampering with settings.

v. 21 Detection Programs

vi. 100 sensitivity Levels

vii. 50 persons per minute throughput

viii. Automatic sensitivity calibration for

quick and easy set up.

ix. Multiple unit operation in close

proximity without synchronization cables. Ideal for event


security

(b) Technical Data.

Technical Specifications

Power

Power Supply: 90V to 265V 45-65 hz or 24-35 VDC

Current Draw: < 1 amp

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Size and Weight Assembled: H (internal) 199.5 cm x W


(internal) 75.5 cm x D 51 cm
H (external) 220.5 cm x W (external) 87.5 cm x D 51 cm

Weight: 47.5 kgs (100.9 lbs)

Safety and Emissions

Magnetic media: Will not damage magnetic tape, computer


discs, CDs DVDs, video tape, ID cards, Credit Cards

Standards: Gatescan 150 is designed to meet


regulatory standards: FAA, NILECJ-0601.00

EMC: EMC compliant (CE)

Environmental Temperature: -10 - +55 C

Max Humidity: 95%

IP Rating: IP20 (EN60529)

(5) HUSKY MOUNTED DETECTION SYSTEM (HMDS).

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Fig 10: HUSKY MOUNTED DETECTION SYSTEM (HMDS).

(a) Description.

i. Readily adaptable to other


vehicles.
ii. Breakthrough Pd/FAR* performance
iii. Integrated on Husky vehicle
iv. Automated sensor height control
v. Intuitive controls/touchscreen display
vi. 3D subsurface visualization

(6) R-VISOR on TALON.

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Fig 11: R-VISOR on TALON.

(a) Description. The automatic detection,


recognition and precision location of buried
anti-personnel and anti-tank mines.

i. Readily adaptable to other robotic


platforms
ii. Breakthrough Pd/FAR* performance
iii. Integrated on TALON-class vehicle
iv. Remotely controlled operations
v. Integrated advanced metal detector
vi. Intuitive controls/touch screen display
vii. 3D subsurface visualization

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7. Gaining Access.

a. In Bangladesh.

(1) LIGHT DRILLING RIG TOWED.

(a) Capabilities.

i. Dependent upon ground condition. Continuous flight


augers can be used to bore holes 4.5 diameter to a depth of
60.
ii. With favorable ground condition
diamond drilling to a depth of 150 is possible.
iii. Has three different types of cutters for
different surface e.g. Rock Cutter, Clay Cutter, Hard soil cutter.

(b) Limitations.

i. Dangerous to operate within enclosed space.


ii. Requires good amount of time to drill.

(2) EOD WATER JETTING SET (RE 21 WJS).

(a) Capabilities.

i. Developed for making holes up to a depth of about 40


for locating a buried UXB.
ii. Can bore 6 per minute
iii. Engine is four men portable

(b) Limitation.

i. This pump may only be run in a dry condition during the


riming procedure
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b. In Other Countries.

8. Identification.

a. In Bangladesh.

(1) PORTABLE EXPLOSIVES VAPOR DETECTOR.

Fig 12: PORTABLE EXPLOSIVES VAPOR DETECTOR

(a) Description. The GVD4E-7300 is a hand-held device for


rapid and effective screening of all the threat explosives including
ICAO taggants, military plastics and TATP, using Luminol
Chemiluminescence (Chemilumina). It detects bombs and explosives
with a fast response time (typically 15 seconds). The detector does not
use any external carrier gas or radioactive source. The GVD4E-7300
offers extremely fast and stable detection with very high selectivity for
explosives.

(b) Capabilities.

i. It is a portable and rapid explosive detector.


ii. Is capable to detect explosive vapors in
real time.
iii. A vapor concentration less than 1013
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g/cm3(0.01 part per billion) can easily be detected.


iv. It is very easy to operate.
v. It can detect surfaces distanced up to 10
cm from the nose.
vi. It is capable to detect widely used
military and industrial explosives such as TNT, NG, PETN,
RDX and their mixtures.
vii. It can be used in wide range of
environments(humidity up to 95% temp from +100C TO
+460C).

(c) Limitations.

i. It gives lot of false signals.


ii. It is almost impossible to work with it in open area where
wind speed is more than 15 km/hr.
iii. It gives excessive signal.

(2) HAND-HELD CHEMICAL DETECTION.

Fig 13: HAND-HELD CHEMICAL DETECTION.

(a) Description.

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i. Next-generation handheld chemical threat detector


ii. Detects and identifies CWAs and TICs by Class and
Type
iii. Provides visual and audio alert
iv. Rugged design for use in austere
environments
v. Significant improvement over
competitors sensitivity and false alarm rate.

(3) ORTABLE ADVANCED DUAL-MODE EXPLOSIVES

DETECTOR.

Fig 14: PORTABLE ADVANCED DUAL-MODE EXPLOSIVES DETECTOR.

(a) Description. E3500 is the worlds first portable


xplosives trace detector based on Luminol Chemilux. E3500 is the
only portable device capable of detecting the presence of homemade,
military and commercial explosives, including ICAO taggants, plastics,
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ammonium nitrate, black powder, other nitrates and TATP. Portable,


quick detection with clear, accurate results, with very high selectivity
for explosives and immunity to humidity problems. E3500 detects
traces of particulates and vapours of explosives, noninvasively in
luggage, mail, cars, trucks, clothing, electronic articles, backpacks,
documents and containers.

(b) Technical Data.

Detection principle Luminol Chemilux Disposable cartridge


No radioactive source, no licensing.
Detectable compounds Most military (including plastic) and
commercially available explosives,C4,TNT, Nitroglycerin, Dynamite,
PETN, Semtex, RDX,ANFO, ICAO Taggants, (DMNB, EGDN, o-
MNT, p-MNT), Urea nitrate, and TATP.
Sampling capabilities Vapours and particulates - Dual Mode
Typical sample/analysis time Sample: 5-30 seconds (user selectable
based on application)
Analysis: within 20 seconds
Initial warm-up time 60 seconds
Carrier gas none required (ambient air)
Controls Power switch Keypad
Automatic Vapour/Particulate selector
Volume control (with optional earphone)
Sample switch
Operational status indicators LED indicator lights
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) with graphic display
Data storage + communications 1000 retrievable data records
RS-232 serial output port for remote control and monitoring
Power supply 12 volt DC rechargeable battery pack
External battery pack
12 volt AC adapter

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Operating + storage temperatures operating: 0C to +55C (+32F to


+131F)
Storage: 0C to +65C (+32F to +149F)
Weight + dimensions Unit weight: 3 kg (6.6 lbs.) in ABS engineered
plastic shielded case
Unit dimensions (LxWxH): 51x14x11 cm / 20x5.5x4.3"
Shipping weight: 14 kg (31 lbs.)
Shipping dimensions (LxWxH): 52x26x39 cm / 22x10x14"
Warranty One year

(5) JBPDS (JOINT BIOLOGICAL POINT DETECTION SYSTEM)

Fig 15: JBPDS (JOINT BIOLOGICAL POINT DETECTION


SYSTEM)

(a) Description.

i. Rapid and fully automated detection, identification,


warning, and sample isolation of high threat biological warfare
agents (BWAs)
ii. Continuous detection
iii. Simultaneous detection of 10 BWAs
iv. Identification in less than 20
minutes

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v. Sample collection for confirmatory


analysis
vi. Ship, shelter, portable, and trailer
configurations
vii. Remote and local monitoring
viii. Network multiple systems

(6) ULTRASONIC WALL THICKNESS METER (DM3).

(a) Capabilities.

i. Automatic zero correction. Calibration is now single


point set-up.
ii. Quick Calibration check. Press a button
to display material velocity. Displayed value indicates that the
instrument calibration is ok.
iii. Coupling check. Simple symbols in the
display indicate if the probe is correctly coupled to the material.
iv. Automatic detour error correction. Instrument
automatically corrects for detour error.
v. DM3 to determine the thickness of the test material of a
known velocity.
vi. Can measure warm and curved test
piece.

(b) Limitations.

i. Only can measure the thickness of known velocity test


piece.

(7) ELECTRONIC EOD/IED STETHOSCOPE (EBEX 2001 C/K).

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(a) Capabilities.

i. Designed as Listening & Detection tool for weak impact


sound , mechanically oscillating components and a range of
electronic timers used in IED & UXO.
ii. Equipped with high freq sensor for contactless search
& passive impact sound sensor.
iv. High frequency amplification by passive sensor can
penetrate dielectric material such as wood , paper, cardboard
etc.

(8) GAMMA X-RAY UNIT(RE 83 GRU).

(a) Capabilities.

i. Used for the radiographic inspection of large ord wpn


ii. Capable of withstanding transit by land rover, helicopter
& transporter
iii. Equipment op is possible in all Weather condition.
iv. A radiograph can be produced within 30 meter of the
start of the exposure time whose steel equivalent thickness is up
to 100 mm.
v. Manual or fully automatic con may be employed.

(b) Limitations.

i. Manual con shouldnt use for the radiography of a


specimen containing explosive
ii. Emits high energy Gamma Rays when the source is out

(9) ELETRIC STETHOSCOPE (RE 80 M EST).

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(a) Capabilities.

i. Amplifies sound wave emanating from


mechanical, electromechanical or certain electronic fuses & timing
devices
ii. Controls permit extremely fine tuning
enabling the operator to accentuate sound from the object being
monitored without attenuating unrelated environmental noise.
iii. High amplification combined with
extremely selective tuning.
iv. Visual as well as audible readout at
main amplifier
v. 4 types of sensor to cover both EOD &
IEDD applications
vi. Can be op either from its own internal
battery or from an external supply.

(b) Limitations.

i. Only helps to confirm the presence of


timer device. For further disposal of the IED other equipment
are necessary.

(10) OPTICAL INSPECTION KIT. It is also known as fiber optic


surveillance device. It consists of powerful light at the end of thin bunch of
optical fiber which is used to view container and identify exact location of
explosive materials in a closed object. It works on the principle of fiber optics
multiple reflection .it consists of illumination handle fiber scope fiber optic
flexible cable.

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Fig 16: OPTICAL INSPECTION KIT

(11) PORTABLE X-RAY SYSTEM.

Fig 17: PORTABLE X-RAY SYSTEM

Its purpose is to X- Ray the components inside a suspected object by using x-


ray.

(a) Capabilities.

i Image storage memory of 84 GB

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ii Measure 300 m enhancement colour

iii DVD recording of stored image

iv 15 LCD with true colour display

v Rip facility

vi Penetration up to 22mm steel

(b) Features

i Military standard tough book computer

ii Portable and protective transport case

iii 50 m cable for remote operation

iv XR 200 x ray pulse generator

v 20 25 cm active area imager

vi Software controlled x- ray safety

switch

vii Email and LAN connection

b. In Other Countries.

(1) RAPTOR RXI COUNTER SURVEILLANCE RECEIVER.

(a) Description. Featuring a fast Core 2 Duo processor, its


multiple software tools and demodulators detect frequency-hopping,
burst mode and spread spectrum devices as well as analogue audio and
video signals.

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(b) Technical Data. The new RAPTOR RXI counter


surveillance receiver stands out from the crowd due to its wide
scanning frequency range of 10 KHz to 26 GHz, 20 MHz real time
bandwidth, wealth of functionalities and large (15) color touch
display.

Fig 18: RAPTOR RXI COUNTER SURVEILLANCE RECEIVER.

9. Render Safe.

a. In Bangladesh.

(1) FREEZE NEUTRALIZING KIT.

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(a) Capabilities.

i. The power cells of some fuses system can be rendered


temporary inert when dynamically frozen.
ii. Use super cold liquid nitrogen to
certain types of electro mechanical & electronic fuses with the
object of neutralizing the battery or power cells.
iii. Provides the EOD operative with a
portable & controlled method of delivering liquid nitrogen.
iv. Can neutralize Nose& Tail fuse or side
pocket fuse.
v. Compressed air bottle for additional
excitation.

(b) Limitations.

i. Liquid Nitrogen is extremely cold


which in contact with the skin may cause serious freezing
injury.
ii. A well-ventilated area is required while
dispensing liquid nitrogen
iii. Under normal storage condition liquid
nitrogen approximately .2 liter per day

(2) NEUTRALIZING EQPT FUZE MK-3 (RE 33 NEF).

(a) Capabilities.

i. Comprises a set of eqpt with which to introduce specific


neutralizing agents into appropriate fuze mechanism & system
to neutralizing them

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ii. BD Liquid used against Electronic capacitor Resistance


fuse.
iii. Salt Solution used to flood the moving parts at certain
fuse mechanism
iv. Gelling agent used to prevent mechanical action

(b) Limitations.

i. BD Liquid is a highly flammable, cumulative health


hazard
ii. Gelling agent is toxic & if mixed with catalyst directly
violent reaction may occur

(3) ROCKET WRENCH (RE 61 RW).

(a) Capabilities.

i. Remotely operated high torque wrench designed to


dynamically unscrew & remove a wide range of fuses
ii. Can be set up to rotate clockwise or anti clockwise
iii. Can use standard taper jaws or Alternative roller jaws
iv. Electrically initiated power cartridges
or DE bullet .
v. Equipment with a de bulleting kit

(4) FUZE EXTRACTOR NO .8 Mk 2/3(RE 17 FE 82).

(a) Capabilities.

i. Capable of removing certain types of Fuse module,


mechanically & from a single distance.
ii. Useful in a situation in a situation where it is
inappropriate to deploy a rocket wrench.
iii. Can be used with taper or roller jaw.
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iv. Adapter assembly is provided for removing detonator


holder or exploder container.

(5) KIT CLOCK STOPPER MK-3(RE 97 KCSM3).

(a) Capabilities.

i. Features a set of very powerful electromagnetic


designed to stop & hold stopped, certain clockwork fuze
mechanisms to enable RSP to take place.
ii. Designed to be self-continued for use in the field.
iii. Comprises of two magnets, the more compact light
weight magnet will only be used if there are physical
restrictions or problems which make it difficult or impossible to
position the standard magnet.

(b) Running Times.

i. Standard magnet. Upto 10 hours on fully charged


batteries at 24 volts
ii. Light weight Magnet. Upto 30 minutes on fully
charged batteries at 48 volts
iii. Equipped with a Honda Generator for, helps to recharge
the battery.

(c) Limitations.
i. Exhaust gas of Generator contains poisonous carbon
monoxide, cant op in enclosed space
ii. Can stop analogue clockwork mechanism only. Digital
clock cant
be stopped
iii. For high altitude op of the generator, carburetor
modification is needed.
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(6) DE ARMER. De Armer is a complete set comprising projector tube,


projectile chisel, projectile fork, breech plug electric/detonating cord, spanner
and cleaning brush. There are no of shops in old Dhaka which are having extra
ordinary capability to develop this equipment.

b. In Other Countries.

10. Recovery and Final Disposal.

a. In Bangladesh.

(1) EOD/BOMB DISPOSAL SUIT(KEJO VER-2) .

a. Capabilities.

i. It meets following protection level-STANAG NATO 2920:


HELMET
and VISOR 680 M/SEC, SUIT 533 M/SEC, SUIT+PLATE 680
M/SEC.
ii. It has two way communication systems.
iii. Liquid cooling under suit reduces excessive
temperature.

(b) Limitations.

i. Because of its heavy weight it is difficult for operator to


move putting on this and difficult to work for a longer period.

(2) EOD STEAM GENERATOR(RE 24).

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Fig 19: EOD STEAM GENERATOR(RE 24)

Fig 20: EOD STEAM GENERATOR(RE 24)

(a) Capabilities.

i. Designed for streaming out explosive in neutralized


UXBs or other explosive devices.
ii. Can be used as a powerful and very
effective steam cleaner.
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iii. Two Generators enable it to continue its works without


interruption and giving adequate rest.
iv. Either steam Generator may be used as a high pressure
washer or steam cleaner.

(b) Limitations.

i. Dangerous to operate in enclosed space as Generator


creates Carbon Monoxide.
ii. Requires another machine to create hole in Bomb case.

(3) TREPANNING MACHINE HYDRAWLIC(RE 22 TM-11).

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Fig 21: TREPANNING MACHINE HYDRAWLIC(RE 22 TM-11).

(a) Capabilities.

i. Used to drill hole in a bomb case to bring out the


explosive
ii. Can be used remotely from a position upto 125 m
iii. Four types of cutter aval for different diameter drilling

(b) Limitations.

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i. For buried UXO, we have to unburied


it first
ii. To neutralize a UXO, need help of other items

(4) (EOD) VEHICLES AND VEHICLE MOUNTED IED JAMMER.


EOD & IED Vehicles include a choice of very specialized equipment adopted
by many Military and Law Enforcement units globally. It provides a fast and
convenient way of rapidly deploying an EOD team, complete with necessary
equipment to the scene of an incident. Complete turn key packages of
vehicles and all equipment can be supplied allowing an EOD/IED team to
become operational immediately. Various vehicle designs available, including
walk-through (Van) and walk-around (HD pickup) design. Bomb robot
ramps or hydraulic lift are available to allow for quick and easy bomb robot
deployment.

Fig 22: (EOD) VEHICLES AND VEHICLE MOUNTED IED JAMMER

b. In Other Countries.

(1) EOD COOLING SUIT.

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Fig 23: EOD COOLING SUIT

(a) Description. The Saviour Cooling Suit is designed to offer a


safe and cool environment for people who must maintain a high level
of efficiency and concentration under extreme heat. The suit can be
worn with commercially available equipment. Pockets to accommodate
the power pack, controls and ice reservoir can be provided at no extra
cost on the back of the suit. The system is ideally suited for persons
involved in bomb disposal and surveillance operations, as well as
personnel in non-air-conditioned armored vehicles. The Kejo Cooling
System uses ice water to remove body heat produced during strenuous
work, especially in hot environments. The suit requires no hazardous
pressurized canister or toxic cooling agents. Made from machine
washable, fire retardant Kermel, the Kejo Cooling Suit also offers
protection against heat and flash fire balls. Testing of the suit on the
effects of over-pressure, fragmentation, ballistics, body impact and
heat have shown this suit is suitable for use under bomb suits, chemical
suits and many other applications where body heat removal is
desirable. The kit includes a long-sleeved shirt with cooling on trunk
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and arms, long legged pants with cooling on legs, a close fitting open
faced hood for head, a cooling unit and pouch, two water bottles,
battery pack and carrying bag.

(b) Specifications.

i. Heat Removal Rate: 270 watt

(full suit)

ii. Endurance min. 45 min at 35 C (95 F)


iii. Control: On/Off Variable speed
iv. Pump: 12V
v. Cold Source: Water circulating over ice
vi. Power: Connected directly to the EOD 12V power
supply..
vii. Weights.

aa. Suit: 1.0 kg

ab. Cooling Unit Dry: 0.5kg

ac. Ice : 1.2kg

ad. Water: 0.7kg

viii. Material:

Garment: Kermel stretch knit fabric, flame retardant.

viii. Sizing.

aa. Small: 150-175 cm; 40-75 kg

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ab. Medium: 170-185 cm;

70-90 kg
ac. Large: 175-193 cm;

85-110 kg

(2) REMOTE RF INITIATOR FIRING SYSTEM.

Fig 24: REMOTE RF INITIATOR FIRING SYSTEM

(a) Description. The Remote RF Initiator Firing System consists


of a Command Unit and up to 5 Remote Initiator units. This
lightweight and cost-effective system provides a safe and reliable
remote initiation capability for explosive charges and disrupters.

(b) Key Features.

i. Operating Range: greater than 1500m (4,920ft) Line of


Sight .
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ii. Firing Channels: control up to 5 Remote Initiators with


1 Command Unit.

iii. Initiation of electric detonators/blasting caps and/or


shock-

tube.

iv. Individual selection of Remote Initiators.

v. Rugged watertight aluminum construction.

vi. User-friendly operation.

vii. Monitor and control (e.g. arm/disarm) up to 5 Remote

Initiators.

viii. Charges can be selected and fired individually or in


groups

of 2 to 5.

ix. Daylight visible LED status indicators for all Remote

Initiators.

x. Guarded ARM and FIRE buttons.

xi. Over 8 hours mission life in Ready Mode.

xii. RF Output: 1 Watt.

xiii. Powered by 4 x standard 9V alkaline batteries.

xiv. Weight: less than 1kg (2.2lbs).

(3) BOMB SUPPRESSION BLANKET AND SAFETY CIRCLE.

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Fig 25: BOMB SUPPRESSION BLANKET AND SAFETY CIRCLE

(a) Description. The Bomb Blanket and Safety Circle have been
designed for use by both unskilled personnel as well as skilled
Explosives Ordnance Disposal operators when confronted with a
suspect bomb
device in a public area.
The Safety Circle is first placed around the suspect bomb and then the
Bomb Blanket which has four heavy-duty webbing carrying handles, is
carefully placed over the safety circle surrounding the bomb. This
eliminates any direct contact with the bomb and provides a safe for its
examination and disposal. Should the bomb explode, the Safety Circle
helps to direct the force of the bombs explosion upwards then the
Bomb Blanket flexes and contains most of the bomb fragments. Two or
more
Safety Circles can be used together to contain larger bomb devices.
The lightweight, highly protective equipment is made of multiple-layer
ballistic material and folds up into a compact, easily carried bag.

(c) Technical Data.

i. Size: 1.4 x 1.4 meters


ii. Weight: 10 kilos
iii. Protection level: V50 17 grain steel fragment @ 400
m/s

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v. Made from material meeting NATO Stock No: 8305 99


137 4401.

(3) EOD033 BOMB SUPPRESSION BLANKET AND SAFETY


CIRCLE.

Fig 26: BOMB SUPPRESSION BLANKET AND SAFETY CIRCLE

(a) Description. The Bomb Suppression Blanket and Safety


Circle is
a cost-effective means of suppressing the blast and fragmentation of an
Improvised Explosive Device (IED) should it detonate. Once a suspect
device is identified the collar is placed around the device and the
blanket
draped over the top of the collar using the strong webbing carrying
handles. Two or more blankets can be used to further reduce the effects
of the device in case of detonation. The system is in service with
countless military, government and corporate organizations around the
world and can be used by both trained and untrained staff.

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(b) Standard configuration.

i. Colour: Black
ii. Size: 1.5 x 2m
iii. Protection: V50 of 450 m/s
iv. The Bomb Suppression Blanket and Safety Circle is
also available in the following sizes offering the following
levels of protection and sizes.
aa. V50 of 300 m/s (984 ft/s)
ab. V50 of 450 m/s (1312 ft/s)
ac. V50 of 500 m/s (1640 ft/s)
ad. V50 of 600 m/s (1968 ft/s)
ae. 1m x 1m
af. 1.5m x 1.5m
ag. 2m x 1.5m
ah. 2m x 2m

(4) MINE PROTECTIVE BOOTS.

Fig 27: MINE PROTECTIVE BOOTS

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Fig 28: Effect of normal boot.

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Fig 29 : MINE PROTECTIVE BOOTS

(a) Description. The AIGIS blast-protected PPE100 mine boots are


specifically designed to prevent traumatic amputation and to help
reduce limb damage to a recoverable minimum, using the companys
blast-attenuating technology TABREshield. Certified by an
orthopaedic surgeon, the PPE100 Mine Boots currently hold the best
Mine Trauma Score in the industry. The boots have been designed with
the wearer in mind to maintain maximum mobility, durability and
comfort in all climates.

(b) The Key Components .

i. Soft inner boot;


ii. TABREshield-protected outer boot; and
iii. Ballistic gaiter.

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(c) Boot Features.

i. Based on military standard mountain climbing boot;


ii. Toe-curl shape and good ankle articulation make
walking and kneeling/ standing transitions easy;
iii. Low weight and sturdy build enable stable walking
over all ground conditions;
iv. Blast protection in the sole to help keep the upper boot
intact and inner sole un-penetrated; and Waterproof and
suitable for all climates. The soft inner provides comfort,
ventilation in hot climates and insulation in cold climates. The
soft tissue helps mitigate trauma mitigation. The boots are
easily put on and removed, and can be worn for light duties.
The ballistic gaiter helps prevent flash burns and limits
fragment ingress into both
legs. It is water repellent and easily cleaned.

(d) Protective Performance | Mass.

i. PPE Type.

aa. PPE100 mine boots

ii. WEIGHT

aa. Weight per boot is 3 kg including fragmentation


protection gaiter.

(5) SPIDER BOOT FOOT PROTECTION SYSTEM.

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Fig 30 : SPIDER BOOT FOOT PROTECTION SYSTEM.

(a) Description. The Allen Vanguard Spider Boot, or foot


protection
system, is designed to protect a deminers feet and legs against blast-
type anti-personnel mines. It can be worn in difficult terrains during
reconnaissance, detection and victim assistance operations.
The boot offers a high level of protection by maximising the stand-off
distance between the foot and a blast-type anti-personnel mine. In the
event of a blast, the boot is engineered to deflect and absorb the
residual energy transmitted to the foot. The design represents four
years of research and development in cooperation with Canadian and
international military research establishments. Residual blast energy
and fragments are absorbed by the hull. The equipment secures the
user's combat boot to a platform with four pods: two forward and two
rear, and all four extended slightly to the sides.

(b) Protective Performance | Mass. Provides significant


protection for the full range (M14 to PMN) of blast-type antipersonnel
mines. Proven through extensive live blast testing to provide four to
five times the protection of conventional mine boots when the source
of blast is in almost direct contact with the foot. For greatest safety the
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spider boot should be worn in combination with well-proven PPE and


combat boots.

Fig 31 : SPIDER BOOT FOOT PROTECTION SYSTEM

(c) Colour Options And Size.

i. Adjustable to all common sizes of combat boots.


ii. Secure binding system with quick adjustment/release
mechanism
iii. Detachable Sand Pods are available for operations in
soft terrain.
vi. Live hinge system allows natural walking motion.

(d) Equipment In Use To Date.


Several thousand pairs have been sold for use in demining theatres
worldwide.

(6) EOD033 BOMB SUPPRESSION BLANKET AND SAFETY


CIRCLE.

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(a) Description. The Bomb Suppression Blanket and Safety


Circle is a cost-effective means of suppressing the blast and
fragmentation of an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) should
it detonate. Once a suspect device is identified the collar is placed
around the device and the blanket draped over the top of the collar
using the strong webbing carrying handles. Two or more blankets can
be used to further reduce the effects of the device in case of detonation.
The
system is in service with countless military, government and corporate
organizations around the world and can be used by both trained and
untrained staff.

(b) Standard Configuration.

i. Colour: Black
ii. Size: 1.5 x 2m
iii. Protection: V50 of 450 m/s
The Bomb Suppression Blanket and Safety Circle is also available in
the following sizes offering the following levels of protection and
sizes.
V50 of 300 m/s (984 ft/s)
V50 of 450 m/s (1312 ft/s)
V50 of 500 m/s (1640 ft/s)
V50 of 600 m/s (1968 ft/s)
1m x 1m
.5m x 1.5m
2m x 1.5m
2m x 2m

(7) TERRIER ROBOT EOD VEHICLE.

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Fig 32 : TERRIER ROBOT EOD VEHICLE.

(a) Description. Terrier is a small, lightweight, low cost, tracked


vehicle that can investigate and disrupt suspicious objects in a variety
of locations. It is remotely-controlled via cable or radio link and the
CCTV images from the colour camera are transmitted to the operator's
hand-held controller by the same means.

(b) Technical Data.

A variety of attachments can be carried on the Terrier's operating arm,


including a recoilless disrupter, a grab/manipulator, or an x-ray
generator. The robot vehicle is highly maneuverable and can climb
steps, Krebs and most steep inclines. It is small enough to operate
inside buildings, down the aisles of an aircraft, in buses and trains.
Terrier can locate and move, or destroy, suspect devices from ground
level (including under a car) up to a height of 1.7 metres. Terrier is
battery-operated and has an endurance in excess of an hour during
normal EOD operations. It is supplied with a powered telescopic arm,
a grab and a storage box as standard. A newer, larger Maxi-Terrier
ROV is now available.

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(8) SAFEWAY BOMB CONTAINMENT TRAILER SYSTEM.

Fig 33 : SAFEWAY BOMB CONTAINMENT TRAILER SYSTEM.

(a) Description. The Safeway Bomb Containment Trailer System


was developed by Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) experts to
enable inexperienced operators to remove a suspect device to a safe
location where it can be examined or destroyed in safety. The unique
design enables the Safeway to contain an EOD weighing up to 4kg of
TNT and to be used with minimal amount of training.

The Safeway Container consists of a specially designed bomb


container mounted on a four-wheeled trailer which can easily be
towed. The container is made from two layers of high-strength, high-
impact 40mm ballistic steel. The chamber space between the inner
steel 'tube' and the outer steel wall contains dry sand which, together
with the strengthened ballistic steel, helps absorb the effects of blast,
thus enabling the Safeway Container to be used repeatedly. A suspect
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device is picked up with the aid of a hand-portable telescopic


manipulator which is provided with the system.

(b) Technical Data.

i. Trailer size: 4.1m

ii. Outer Container size: 1.8m x 1.7m (H X W)

iii. Overall weight: 2920kg

EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS USED FOR IED OPERATION

10. IED Detection And Gaining Access.

a In Bangladesh.

(1) ADVANCED DETECTION EQUIPMENT ADE-M1150).

(a) Capabilities.

i. The ADE is capable of identifying any explosive


substance within a range of 1 km. It can also identify the
location of the substances.

ii. It does not require any power source. It utilizes the


static
electricity of the operators body as power source.
iii. Generally the ADE carries out triangular search
methodology in the detections of programmed substances.

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iv. The equipment is capable of giving indications of


probable
presence of explosives like TNT,RDX,PETN, ANFO, Gun
powder/Black Powder etc.

(b) Limitations.

i. It is not pin point detection equipment.


ii. It can work successfully without the help of other
detection
equipment.
iii. Occasionally it gives false signal.

(2) PORTABLE X-RAY SYSTEM.

Fig 34: PORTABLE X-RAY SYSTEM


(a) Capabilities.

i. It can be used independently with the real time viewing


system.
ii. Can be transported and used by a single person.
iii. Can be set up and made operational in seconds.
iv. Provides numerous image enhancement operations,
which
can be applied to the entire image or selected regions.

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v. Includes an easy to use image database capable of


sorting
and retrieving tens of thousands of images, including both X-
Ray and images obtained using the optional External Video
Camera.
vi. Allowing printing, faxing and sending images by e-mail.

(b) Limitations.

i. The ray generated by this machine is harmful for the


human body.
ii. It only helps to confirm the presence of explosives or
electric wire inside a package/container. For further disposal of
the IED/Bomb other equipment are necessary.

(3) EXPLOSIVE DETECTOR . For detection of explosive vapours. It


operates in vapour sampling and particulate sampling mode. It can be used for
indoor searching, sealed packets and post blast investigation or also as an
accessory in a remotely operated vehicle. The limitation of the device is that it
can detect perfumes and hydrocarbon vapours also.

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Fig 35 : EXPLOSIVE DETECTOR

(4) ENDOSCOPE SEARCH KIT.

(a) Capabilities.

i. Blind side of a place/hole/drawer/concealed area can be


checked by this equipment.
ii. It is very easy to function method.

(b) Limitations.
i. The monitor is fixed with the tube.
ii. It cannot be operated for long time.
iii. Because of its rigidness the use is limited

(5) TUM TROLLEY VEH SEARCH MIRROR

(a) Capabilities.

i. It is a wheeled trolley under veh mirror


ii. Used friendly & Robust
iii. Three wheels & T bar telescopic handle to give extra
versality to the filling requirements needed for efficient
operation

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iv. Powered with internal rechargeable battery

(b) Limitations.

i. Operational range is -150 to +150 C


ii. Elevated temperature e.g greater than 600 C will shorten
the
Life of battery
iii. Not designed to be used whilst it is being changed

b. In Other Countries.

(1) VISOR.

Fig 36: VISOR

(a) Description. VISOR is under vehicle inspection system is


designed for use at temporary or permanent checkpoints. VISOR is
ideal for providing temporary enhanced security at border control
major events and conferences and when permanently installed for force
and facility protection. VISOR uses advanced technology to construct
a single image from video sequences from each of the systems
cameras. The control / viewing unit user interface allows he operator to
browse each of the frames which make up the full image. The frames
are at full resolution and the resultant zoom capability provides high

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definition images from each cameras viewpoint right into the wheel
arches. Single image of the entire vehicle underside in seconds.
Separate image of the front of the vehicle Detailed inspection of the
underside by browsing the individual high definition camera.

Fig 37: VISOR

(b) Technical Data.

. i. Compact, light and protable

. ii. Total weight is less than 45kg.

iii. Easy and quick deployment by one person.

iv. Can be deployed in a few minutes.

v. Standard 10m cable run between imaging and control /

imaging units.
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vi. Simplicity of operation Windows based software.

vii. Lap top computer is included with the system

(2) NON LINEAR JUNCTION DETECTOR (NLJD).

Fig38 : NON LINEAR JUNCTION DETECTOR (NLJD).

(a) Origin. Audiotel International, UK.


(b) Purpose. To detect non linear junctions i.e. Electric
components having bimetallic parts such as diodes, triodes &
integrated
circuits.
(c) Principle. It wks on the principle of harmonic radar.
(d) Capability.
(i) Buried up to 28 cm in dry soil and 22 cm in wet soil.
(ii) Hidden in plastic, wooden, earthen containers.

(e) Uses. Very useful and effective in detecting IEDs having


remotely pirated devices and electronic components such as
programmed time delay devices, light sensitive witches etc.
(f) Limitations. It is not waterproof, therefore cannot be
used in water, snow or during rain.

(3) SCANMAIL 10K MAILSCANNING EQUIPMENT.

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Fig 39: SCANMAIL 10K MAILSCANNING EQUIPMENT.

(a) Description. SCANMAIL 10K is a new generation


microprocessor-controlled mail screener which will reliably screen all
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your mail and courier deliveries up to about telephone directory size. It


will detect virtually all known letterbomb detonating devices
regardless of the type of explosive used, whether plastic or otherwise.
SCANMAIL 10K is specifically programmed to automatically alarm
on packages containing potentially dangerous contents, such as
explosive devices, whilst reliably ignoring the normal office stationary
items contained in your mail such as paperclips, staples and metal
tags.This high level of selectivity is achieved without any loss of the
forensic standard protection it provides. The sensitivity level is set at
the factory and cannot be reduced by its users. A special test card is
supplied to allow customers to check the correct functioning of the unit
each time it is switched on. In this way there is no false sense of
security.

(b) Technical Data.

i. Fast, safe and cost effective mailscreener for the


detection of postal bombs

ii. Packages up to 2.25 ins (6 cms) thick can be checked

iii. Excellent discrimination between potentially dangerous

contents and paper clips, staples and metal tags

iv. Designed for use by secretaries, receptionists and


mailroom

staff without any requirement for special training

v. Reliable and easy to use with negligible false alarm rate

(3) SECURITY X-RAY MACHINE.

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Fig 40: SECURITY X-RAY MACHINE

(a) Description. The Rapiscan Model 520B is an x-ray security


inspection system designed for customers requiring high performance
functionality to meet demanding security concerns. Its compact design
is well suited for security checkpoint areas such as airports,
courthouses, embassies and prisons. The system offers a tunnel
opening of 640mm (25.2 inches) wide by 430mm (16.9 inches) high to
accommodate large package sizes.
Intel Pentium computer technology is the driving force in all of our
developments. Model 520B offers Crystal Clear as a standard feature
and may be optionally equipped with Operator Training Program,
Manual Image Archive and Enhanced Performance X-ray (EPX). EPX
enables rapid and consistent detection capabilities, identifying material
having specific characteristics of explosives and narcotics. Gold,
currency and agricultural products can also be identified using EPX.

(4) RECONNAISSANCE ROBOT

(a) Description. Reconnaissance robot is the system design,


integration and assembly of most trusted unmanned reconnaissance
vehicle. It is small in size and mostly man packed.

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Fig 41: RECONNAISSANCE ROBOT

(b) Purpose.

i. Remote EOR (Explosive Ordnance Reconnaissance)


ii. Robotic hand mounted.
iii. More than one camera gives the view of different angle
of the EOD or IED.

Fig 42: RECONNAISSANCE ROBOT is carrying the reconnaissance.

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Fig 43: RECONNAISSANCE ROBOT is carrying the reconnaissance.

(5) TACTICAL ROBOTIC PLATFORM. It is a portable, versatile


and multifunctional robot. Suitable for both urban environment and battle
field use. Can be used inmultiple missions and thanks its size, versatility and
dynamism brings success in action.Applications are:

(a) Small overall dimensions enable for swift inspections of


confined and hard to reach compartments.

(b) Modular, adjustable design (i.e. replaceable wheels and


robotic arm).

(c) Good rough terrain mobility.

(d) Low robot weight.

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Fig 44: TACTICAL ROBOTIC PLATFORM.

11. Identification Phase.

a. In Bangladesh

(1) ELECTRONIC STETHOSCOPE. Also known as doppler scope.

(a) Origin. PK Allen co ltd, UK.

(b) Purpose. used for detection of mechanical timing devices.


Can pick up suspicious objects or tgts from very close up to several
mtrs depending upon the timing device used .

(c) Capability. can work both in contact and non-contact modes.


Capable of detecting targets enclosed in packing such as paper, plastic
or wood. Can detect sound of mechanical clock work in IEDs or
UXBs.

(d) Limitations. Quartz digital timers cannot be detected easily.


Requires good perception and practice by the user.

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Fig 45: ELECTRONIC STETHOSCOPE

(2) FIBER OPTIC SURVEILLANCE DEVICE. This equipment is


used in visual search to check the inaccessible places like petrol tanks, behind
door panels by inserting the optical tube.

Fig 46: FIBER OPTIC SURVEILLANCE DEVICE

(3) RTVS MK-IV.

(a) Origin. Belgium

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(b) Purpose. Real time viewing system. Designed for rapid on

site exam of suspected objects employing x-ray principle.

(c) Uses.

i. Can detect contents of closed / concealed object without


disturbing the object.

ii. Can easily give acct of contents inside a suspected


metal object like gas cylinder, pressure cooker, pipe bomb etc.

iii. Its capability to differentiate grey shades can easily


distinguish between explosive containers walls, detonators,
other devices like wires etc.

Fig47: RTVS MK-IV

b. In Other Countries.

12. Render Safe Procedure.

a. In Bangladesh.

b. In Other Countries.

(1) TABRESHIELD 1000 EXPLOSIVE ISOLATION UNIT.

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Fig 48: TABRESHIELD 1000 EXPLOSIVE ISOLATION UNIT

(a) Description. The TABREshield 1000 Explosive Isolation Unit


has

been designed for the safe containment of postal bombs, explosives


and IED devices and has been developed in consultation with UK
Government EOD and IEDD experts. The units are designed to
accommodate a wide variety of packages and parcels, including
calendars and drawing tubes. The TABREshield Isolation Units are
simple-to-use, intrinsically vented steel boxes lined with the unique
TABRE blast attenuation materials. Each unit has a fail-safe, three-
catch, positive closing system allowing one to immediately identify
whether the TABREshield is closed correctly. The units are small
enough to fit under most work surfaces, thus allowing them to be
discretely hidden away.

(2) VEHICLE MOUNTED IED JAMMER. A battle proven, modular


wireless communication jammer, designed for vehicle or fixed installation.
Consisting multiple transmission frequency bands and high transmission
power, used for force protection. The IED Jammer consists of a multi-channel
jamming transmitter and unique software, configured as a modular jamming
system that allows the end-user to select protection against any threat.
Delivering powerful jamming signals through a matching array of antennas.
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When installed in a vehicle it creates a secure electronic shield around the


anti-IED vehicle, providing IED protection to the entire team.Applications are:

(a) Convoy protection

(b) Anti-terror units

(c) Bomb squads

(d) VIP protection

(e) Elite military and police units

(f) Military bases

Fig 49: VEHICLE MOUNTED IED JAMMER

(3) LIGHTWEIGHT BACKPACK IED JAMMER. Designed for


ground troops under risk of encountering remote controlled improvised
explosive devices, known as RCIEDs. Fully weatherproof, relatively small and
backpack mounted, the backpack Jammer has a robust mechanical design,
addressing different frequency range requirements simultaneously. This back
pack, man portable jammer is blanketing a given area to prevent radio
receivers from achieving RF signal for detonation of remote controlled
explosive weapons, equipped with long mission-life rechargeable batteries,

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allowing field use Based on advanced research and development in counter


IED technology, the backpack jammer can be configured to block different
frequency bands including: VHF, UHF, cell phones, satellite phones and more.
This IED jamming device can be programmed by connecting to a laptop
computer equipped with Net lines counter IED configuration software. The
backpack bomb jammer is used by:

(a) Military ground troops

(b) Bomb disposal units

(c) Law enforcement agencies

(d) Elite units

Fig 50: LIGHTWEIGHT BACKPACK IED JAMMER

(4) SUSPECT POSTAL BOMB CONTAINER

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Fig 51 : SUSPECT POSTAL BOMB CONTAINER

(a) Description. Postal bombs, whether real or suspect, are an ever-


present problem, not only to targeted people and organizations but also
to other staff handling the mail. The major risk to personnel from a
suspect bomb is death or injury from the shrapnel effect of an
explosion. The Suspect Postal Bomb Container has been designed for
the UK government as a container in which a suspect item can be
safely isolated. The equipment has been tested to contain the lateral
fragmentation which emanates from such devices at an explosive level
beyond that experienced to date. The Suspect Postal Bomb
Container has an internally fitted net which holds the suspect item in
such a position that removal, x-ray and controlled explosion all remain
viable options for explosive ordnance disposal experts. The container
is used by hundreds of government embassies and "target" companies'
mailrooms worldwide.

(b) Technical Data.

i. Height: 900mm

ii. Outer diameter: 493mm

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iii. Weight: 50kg

13. IED Recovery and Final Disposal.

a. In Bangladesh.

(1) ROBOTIC TELESCOPIC MANIPULATOR.

Fig 52. ROBOTIC TELESCOPIC MANIPULATOR


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(a) Description. It is specially designed for the EOD and IED by


providing most of the desired features required by IED operators. The
manipulator offers versatile features with a telescopic pole, electro-
motion by cable, can freely whirl with 360 and Color infrared camera
& Display Headwear viewing scope. The tripod enables the operator to
handle sensitive IEDs with safety. The IR camera features enables
working at the night and in the dark places. Pole can be folded,
dismantle and assemble with ease. The manipulator comes with its
operational manual and it is easy to train persons on its operation.

(2) HOOK & LINE KIT.

Fig 53: HOOK & LINE KIT.

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(a) Description. Robust Low stretch Kevlar line, 750kg breaking


strain 5000 units in service High strength hooks In service with
the UK and US armed forces Plain and barbed hooks Gated
high strength snatch blocks Comfortable line pulling handles
The MK1 is a basic hook and line kit recommended for
clearing explosive ordnance. The kit was developed in
conjunction with British Army bomb disposal teams to provide
a versatile means of remotely moving dangerous objects in a
wide variety of locations. Since then the MK1 has been
deployed on active service in many areas of the world and has
become standard issue for in any EOD teams worldwide, with
it also being used on EOD training courses in both the UK and
the USA. The varied components enable a line to be securely
fastened to all types of munitions and IED's to facilitate their
movement to improve access for many types of disposal
operation. Alternatively the MK1 kit is often used as a means of
'tumbling' suspect objects when carrying out high-risk searches
of hides or 'safe houses' which may be 'booby' trapped

(3) VULCAN SHAPED-CHARGE KIT.

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Fig 54: VULCAN SHAPED-CHARGE KIT.

(a) Description. The Vulcan Shaped-Charge Kit must be one of


the most cost-effective, easily and safely transportable items of
equipment designed to destroy or disrupt unexploded munitions and
improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

(b) Technical Data.

Vulcan consists of an easy-to-use kit from which a small, explosively-


formed shaped charge projectile can be fired at an exact point on a
suspect 'target'. Vulcan's plastic body is internally shaped to accept a
user-filled charge of plastic explosive, a selected projectile, as well as a
detonator. Various types of projectile can be selected from the kit,
depending on the type of device to be destroyed. Vulcan's user-filled
charges can be safely transported as a set of inert components, then
assembled by the operator and filled with plastic explosive to meet
specific applications.

(4) THE TELEMAX 2009.

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Fig 55: THE TELEMAX 2009.

(a) Description. The telemax 2009 is a high sophisticated, small


and versatile EOD robot designed to be operated by bomb disposal
engineers. It is best suited for operation in confined spaces like
airplanes, underground trains and coaches. The 4-track running gear
system displays superior mobility. It can easily cope with inclines of
45, overcome obstacles measuring up to half a meter in height or 600
mm wide gaps. The manipulator arm can be moved via TCP-Control
and, due to a new drive technology, the axes of the manipulator arm
move quick, quiet and precise.

(b) Technical Data.

i. Programmable manipulator arm with tool centre point


(TCP) control
ii. Excellent mobility thanks to four-track running gear
iii. 7-Axis manipulator with turret and linear axis
iv. Outstanding reach owing to the telescopic arm and
height adjustable chassis
v. Automatic tool changing system
vi. Plug&Play for cameras: any camera can be mounted at
defined points
vii. Deploying AQUASET, Neutrex 12.5 recoilless and
Neutrex 20 recoilless, RE 70, RE 12g Mini and shotgun Benelli
(the accessories will be available by mid 2009).

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(5) SHRIKE EXPLODER.

Fig 56: SHRIKE EXPLODER.

(a) Description. The Shrike Exploder uses commercially


available batteries and is an up-dated version of the original Shrike
which is UK MOD-approved and is currently in service in more than
50 countries worldwide. It has proved itself to be a safe and reliable
system for initiation of explosives, mines, pyrotechnics, disruptors, de-
armers and other electro-explosives devices. Spring-loaded terminals
connect the four independent firing circuits. Circuit continuity can be
checked via the TEST button. The Shrike Exploder must be primed
before any circuit can be fired, and firing requires the operation of two
independent push buttons, thus ensuring no accidental firings.

(b) Technical Data.

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i. Size: 140 x 95 x 45mm

ii. Weight: 420g

(6) REMEX 5 REMOTE EXPLODER.

\ Fig 57: REMEX 5 REMOTE EXPLODER

(a) Description. To be in total control of a detonation is vital for


any user of explosives. The Remex 5 is a competitively priced,
remote-controlled initiating system with advanced features and
multiple safety interlocks. The Remex 5 is an inherently safe military
device which can detonate up to five targets simultaneously. It consists
of 5 Remote Units and a Control Unit with encrypted bi-directional

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radio communication links that control the remote units, whether


individually or as a group.

(b) Technical Data.

i. Size: 85 x 189 x 50mm

ii. Weight: 950g

iii. Output Power: 1 Watt

iv. Range: 4km line of sight

(7) LTT LOW TEMPERATURE THERMITE.

Fig 58: LTT LOW TEMPERATURE THERMITE


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(a) Description. Electrically initiated


i. Reduced risk of accidental detonation
ii. Intrinsically safe to store and transport
iii. Classified HD/.CG 1/4S (2004)
iv. Simple to deploy
v. Reliable against most HE fillings

The Low Temperature Thermite (LTT) is an electrically initiated


thermite contained in a bag and is designed for the safe and simple
disposal of explosive ordnance, explosives and propellants. It is slow
burning and is designed to ignite explosive compositions without the
risk of detonation. LTT has been successfully used by the UK Ministry
of Defence since 1993 to ignite a wide range of civil and military
explosives including Torpex, RDX/TNT Types A and B, Hexolite and
isolate CDB. It is designed to heat the exterior surface of a 3mm wall
tube (e.g. a shell or bomb casing) limiting the LTT to an even
temperature of 250C and holding it for 3 minutes. Its packaging
provides maximum heat transfer and allows the thermite to become
semi-liquid on ignition and to flow into cavities such as fuze wells and
pockets. It burns for approximately 30 seconds and so causes the
explosives to burn rather than to detonate.Gross carton weight
(containing 75 x LTT units): 14.6kg

(8) DEMINING VISOR WITH HELMET.

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Fig 59 : DEMINING VISOR WITH HELMET

(a) Description. Developed in accordance with United Nations


International Mine Action Standards, the Guartel Lightweight
Demining Helmet and Visor is a high quality product suited to endure
harsh use in extreme environments where demining operations tend to
take place. The deminer can wear the system comfortably for up to 8
hours. The product is modular, allowing the user to quickly replace
either the visor or helmet.

(b) Helmet. The lightweight helmet is used as a comfortable


means of mounting the protective visor which allows the system to be
worn for long periods in hot conditions. The helmet conforms to UK
Health and Safety standards. The helmet can be adjusted to
accommodate a range of head sizes.

(c) Visor. The visor is manufactured from 5.5mm polycarbonate


giving a V50 level of 240 m/s. To meet IMAS requirements the visor
extends to cover the throat and face of the wearer and also extends to
the top of the helmet giving full frontal protection to the head face and
throat area and to interface with a suitable demining vest/apron. 2 self

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adhesive anti-scratch films are supplied to protect the visor from


scratches and scrapes and the helmet and visor are supplied in a nylon
carry bag.

(d) Protection Levels. STANAG 2920 V50 Rating 240 m/s

(9) BOMB DISPOSAL SUIT ( EOD 7B).

Fig 61: BOMB DISPOSAL SUIT ( EOD 7B).

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Fig 62: BOMB DISPOSAL SUIT ( EOD 7B).

Fig 63: BOMB DISPOSAL SUIT ( EOD 7B).

(a) Description. Its purpose is to provide high degree of safety


while handling the explosives or IED. It has got ballistic and protective
inserts inside the armour fibre.

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(b) Capabilities.

i. Provide high degree of safety while handling IED


ii. Assist in neutralizing IED from close range with
adequate
safety
iii. Can be co-employed with a telescopic manipulator

(c) Features.

i. Improved field of view


ii. High impact protection to body
iii. Use water conduits for cooling throughout
iv. Additional inserts for enhanced protection
v. High fidelity earphone
vi. Hand free communication with tape
vii. Interconnect facility
Viii. Available in various size

(10) JAMMER ES-AM-3B SYSTEM SAFARI MK 1 : It is an


indigenously developed jammer used for jamming radio signals. It works on
the principle of broad band barrage jamming. It can jam frequencies from 10-
500mhz in 3 band and also has the capabilities to jam FM ,AM ,PCM/FSK
and DTMF at a range of 500m

Fig 64: JAMMER ES-AM-3B SYSTEM SAFARI MK 1

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Fig 65 :JAMMER ES-AM-3B SYSTEM SAFARI MK 1


(11) REMOTE WIRE CUTTER. The wire cutter is placed in appropriate
position and remotely communicated to cut wire. It is light weight and a
portable device. It has a modular design and is easy to carry. It can also be
mounted on any ROV. It is possible to adjust the height of the equipment from
3 inches to 11 inches. Option is also available till 2.2 meters. It has 360
degrees horizontal movement, with locking arrangement and has an option to
adjust the Y axis / angle of the cutter up to 45 degrees.

Fig 66: REMOTE WIRE CUTTER

(12) CAR REMOTE OPENING TOOL SET (CROTS). It is same as hook


and line set and is primarily used for opening of doors of a suspected VBIED.
It can also be used to open the packaging, wires away from the circuit, or
remove the power source or the initiators from the device. It is also used for

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moving a device into an open area, move a device away from intended target
or neutralize the device without the use of any other tool

Fig 67 : CAR REMOTE OPENING TOOL SET (CROTS).

(13) DISRUPTOR. The role of the IED disruptor is to destroy small IED
Packages such as envelopes, small parcels, tiffin boxes etc. With the help of
disruptor one can make precise shot, targeting the power source only,
removing it from he device. It uses either a steel slug/ frangible round or the
water charge to disrupt the IEDs.

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Fig 68 : DISRUPTOR

(14) PIGSTICK DISRUPTOR INJECTOR KIT EOD CASED L22A1

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Fig 69 : PIGSTICK

(a) Description. The Pigstick is a conventional close up tool


designed to disrupt a wide range of improvised explosive devices

(15) THE MODULAR DEMINING MACHINE. The Project is aimed at


developing a state-of-the-art demining machine, working by pressure from
polish national program, called SHIBA fig.2. The modular demining
machine, working by pressure, will be connected to a remote-controlled
mobile support platform - for example: tractor of PIERRE.
Width of the device will be matched to the dimensions of the vehicle.
The modular demining machine fig. 3, 4 contains:
(a) Protection kit (1, 2);
(b) Mounting arrangement for vehicle (3);
(c) Boom (4, 5);
(d) Working part of machine (6).

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Fig.70:The light modular demining machine, working by pressure with tractor in working
position

Fig.71: The light modular demining machine, working by pressure with tractor in transport

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Fig.72. Trailer for temporary storage and transport of explosives and munitions in open
position

Fig.73: Trailer for temporary storage and transport of explosives and munitions in closed
position.

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CONCLUSION

14. The EOD disposal is carried out in five phases and all the equipment and tools used
for the disposal of EOD are functioned as per the stages they are manufactured. In first stage -
bomb reconnaissance and locating, different metal detectors, bomb locator, nonmagnetic
mine prodder, various mine detectors are used by various security forces of the world. In
second phase gaining access, various shafts, drilling equipment like light drilling rig, EOD
watering set, EOD dewatering kit etc are used to reach up to the EOD for disposal.

15. In third phase identification, mainly equipment and tools are used to identify the
condition and type of fuses and bombs. Here various stethoscope, x-ray machine, gamma
radiation unit, vapour detector, explosive survey machine etc are used to perform the tasks of
third phase. In fourth phase render safe, equipment and tools are used to neutralize the fuse
and make it ready for final disposal. Important equipment are rocket wrench, de armer, kit
clock stopper, freeze neutralizing kit etc which are widely used. The main aim of this phase is
to make the EOD safe for the operators. But in the modern country various robots have been
newly introduced to ensure the more safety of the EOD operators. In the final phase- recovery
and final disposal, the equipment and tools are used with a view to destroying the EOD and
make the surroundings free from explosive hazards. In this phase the important equipment
and tools are used are trepanning machines, EOD steam generator, various robotic disrupter
etc.

16. Disposal of EOD and IED both demanding high technology and equipment. IEDs are
comparatively more difficult to identify and neutralize. In IED disposal are also maintaining
some phases. In IED detection and gaining access phase the modern and sophisticated
equipment are used. They are used to identify the pattern of the power source and fuses of the
IED. The important equipment are basically highly sensitive such as vapour detector, tum
trolley, visor , wheel barrow and other modern robot etc which are used to get the actual
picture of the circuit of the IED. After detecting the IED some equipment like IED jammer
etc are used to make IED temporarily ineffective. Finally in the final stage of IED operation
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that means in IED recovery and disposal operation these IEDs are destroyed by using various
disruptors, hook & line operation etc,

RECOMMENDATION

17. After discussing equipment and tools used in and other countries it is felt that the
standard of the equipment and tools of our country should be developed. To develop the
standard of the equipment and tools following considerations can be forwarded for
considerations:

a. As Bangladesh has more chances to meet IED threats rather than the EOD
threats, so development of IED equipment and tools should get more priority.
b. Multipurpose used robot can be developed or purchased from other countries
to minimize the cost requires for purchasing separate equipment and tools used for
separate operations.
c. Functions of latest equipment and tools should be taught to the EOD operators
by arranging various cadres.
d. Some exercises can be arranged periodically to refresh the uses of various
equipment and tools.

Quadirabad Cantonment, Natore MOHAMMAD HUMAYUN KABIR


October 2012 Major
Group Leader
Student Officer
OBIDC - 6

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Distribution:
Officer-in-Charge
OBIDC - 6
Engineer Centre and School of Military Engineering

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