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DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

S.No Course Outcomes
CO831.1 Relate the basics of flight testing procedures with government regulations and
Describe the instrumentation requirements for flight testing.(k-2)
CO831.2 Compare the different testing methods for Take-off, Landing, Range,
Endurance, Landing and climb. (k-2)
CO831.3 Plan the flight test procedures for the Longitudinal, Lateral and directional
stability for estimating the static and dynamic stability derivatives. (k-3)
CO831.4 Evaluate poles using Cooper-Harper scale and governing regulations. (k-3)
CO831.5 Describe the various test techniques and safety requirements for hazardous
flight testing including the effects created by aero-elasticity. (k-2)

S.No Assessment Question Teaching Method

CO831.1 Explain the different flight tests that satisfy FAR 25 regulations. Conventional black
How are the forces and vibration tested in a flight test? board,
Power point
presentation
CO831.2 Explain the data reduction method for range and landing distance Conventional black
estimation. board,
Power point
presentation
CO831.3 What are the regulations regarding the maneuvering and directional Animation videos,
stability of an aircraft? Practical examples
CO831.4 How does a pilot rate an aircraft? Conventional black
board,
Power point
presentation
CO831.5 How do we test hazardous flight conditions such as buffeting and Conventional black
flutter? board,
Power point
presentation
Each Full Question below carries 12.5 marks
UNIT-1 (6 / 1)

S.N CO Mark
Question
o s
CO-
1 a What are the main purposes of Flight testing? 6.5M
1
Explain the weighting and ballasting techniques used in flight CO- 6M
1 b
testing 1
Explain the importance and sequence of planning a flight test CO- 12.5
2 a
program 1 M
CO- 6.5
3 a Explain about different agencies who give Flight regulations.
1
List the different tolerances in different flight test data CO- 6
3 a
according to FAA regulations 1
Give the different types of errors that occurs during flight CO- 12.5
4 a
testing and methods to minimize them. 1
CO- 12.5
5 a Explain how a flight test is planned and executed.
1
CO- 12.5
6 a Explain the types of flight tests in terms of its purpose
1

UNIT-1
S.N CO Mark
Question
o s
Explain the mechanical pressure measuring units used in CO-
1 a 6M
aircrafts and in flight testing. 2
What are pressure transducers.Explain the working of a CO- 6.5M
1 b
pressure transducer. 2
Explain the positioning of static and total pressure probes during 12.5
CO-
2 a a flight test and the significance of positioning in reducing
2
position errors.
Define thermocouples.Explain thermometer applications in flight CO- 6.5
3 a
testing 2
Explain the onboard and ground data acquisition systems in CO- 6
3 b
flight testing. 2
CO- 6
4 a Explain the planning of flight test instrumentation
2
What are pressure transducers.Explain the working of a CO- 6.5
4 b
pressure transducer. 2
Explain about position errors and methods to reduce position CO- 12.5
5 b
errors. 2
Define thermocouples.Explain thermometer applications in flight CO- 6.5
6 a
testing 2
CO- 6
6 b Explain the planning of flight test instrumentation
2
UNIT-2 (6 / 3)
S.N CO Mark
Question
o s
Explain how thrust measurement in jet powered aircrafts are CO-
1 a 6M
done. 3
CO- 6.5M
1 b Give details about range testing in jet powered aircraft.
3
CO-
2 a Explain climb performance test methods 5.5M
3
An airplane has a weight of 180000N at the beginning of 7M
fllight and 20% of the weight is fuel weight.In a flight of CO-
2 b
800kmph, the L/D is 12 and TSFC is 0.8.Estimate the 3
range and endurance.
Explain the different in flight techniques used in Altimeter CO- 12.5
3 a
pressure calibrations 3 M
Explain how thrust measurement in jet powered aircrafts CO- 6.5M
4 a
are done. 3
CO- 6M
4 b Explain PIW-VIW method.
3
CO- 6.5M
5 b Explain climb performance test methods
3
An airplane has a weight of 180000N at the beginning of fllight 8M
CO-
5 a and 20% of the weight is fuel weight.In a flight of 800kmph, the
3
L/D is 12 and TSFC is 0.8.Estimate the range and endurance.
List the different in flight techniques used in Altimeter pressure CO- 4M
6 b
calibrations 3
Explain the estimation of range and endurance for a propeller CO- 6.5M
6 a
driven aircraft. 3
CO- 6M
6 b Explain PIW-VIW method
3
UNIT-2 (6 / 1)
S.N CO Mark
Question
o s
Explain how thrust measurement in jet powered aircrafts is CO-
1 a 6M
done. 831.2
CO- 6.5M
1 b Give details about range testing in jet powered aircraft.
831.2
CO-
2 a Explain climb performance test methods 5.5M
831.2
An airplane has a weight of 180000N at the beginning of CO- 7M
flight and 20% of the weight is fuel weight. In a flight of 831.2
2 b
800kmph, the L/D is 12 and TSFC is 0.8. Estimate the range
and endurance.
Derive an expression for range and endurance of a jet CO- 12.5
3 a aircraft and explain the important parameters that affect the 831.2 M
same.
Explain how level flight performance is evaluated in jet CO- 6.5M
4 a
powered aircrafts. 831.2
CO- 6M
4 b Explain PIW-VIW method.
831.2
CO- 6.5M
5 b Explain climb performance test methods.
831.2
An airplane has a weight of 180000N at the beginning of CO- 8M
flight and 20% of the weight is fuel weight. In a flight of 831.2
5 a
800kmph, the L/D is 12 and TSFC is 0.8.Estimate the range
and endurance.
List the different in flight techniques used in Altimeter CO- 4M
6 b
pressure calibrations 831.2
Explain the estimation of range and endurance for a propeller CO- 6.5M
6 a
driven aircraft. 831.2
CO- 6M
6 b Explain the significance of PIW-VIW method
831.2

UNIT-2 (6 / 2)
S.N CO Mark
Question
o s
Explain turning performance of an a/c and its CO- 12.5
1 a
limitations. 831.2 M
Explain the flight test procedures for takeoff and landing CO- 12.5
2 a
assessments. 831.2 M
Explain the level turn performance with data reduction CO- 12.5
3 a
techniques used. 831.2 M
CO- 6.5
4 a Explain about the primary limitations for turning flight
831.2
4 b Derive the turn radius and angular acceleration for a level CO- 6
turn. 831.2
Derive the equation for range and endurance for a propeller CO- 12.5
5 a
aircraft. 831.2
Derive the equations for take-off distance and landing CO- 12.5
6 a
distance for an aircraft. 831.2

UNIT-3 &5 (6 /3)
S.N CO Mark
Question
o s
Explain stick free static longitudinal stability and the CO-
1 a 12.5
effect of aft mounted engines or propellers 831.3
CO- 6.5
2 a Explain the flight path stability and speed stability.
831.3
CO- 6
2 b Describe flight test methods for determining neutral points.
831.3
CO- 12.5
3 a Explain the flight test methods for quantitative evaluation
831.3
CO- 12.5
4 a Explain the drag determination methods for an aircraft.
831.3
Explain about stick fixed longitudinal stability with required CO- 6.5
6 a
relations 831.3
Question Bank for Internal Assessment Test III (3 Units)

Each Full Question below carries 12.5 marks
UNIT-3 (6 / 1)
S.N CO
Question Marks
o
CO
3 12.5
1 a Explain maneuvering stability with the constant g method
k-3 M

CO 12.5
Methods of improving longitudinal stability through tabs and aerodynamic M
2 a 3
balance.
k-2
CO
12.5
3 a Explain flight testing techniques for dynamic lateral stability 3
M
k-3
CO 12.5
4 a Explain Dutch roll and spiral mode with flight test methods 3 M
k-3
CO 12.5
5 a Explain the steady heading sideslip method for lateral directional stability. 3 M
k-3
6 a Explain flight testing techniques for dynamic lateral stability CO 12.5
3 M
k-3

UNIT-4 (6 / 2)
S.N CO Mark
Question
o s
CO
12.5
1 a Explain the Cooper Harper scale. 4
M
k-3
CO 12.5
Explain the rating method of considering pilot opinion and feel
2 a 4 M
about an aircraft
k-2
CO 12.5
3 a Explain the flight testing procedure for taking pilot opinion 4 M
k-3
CO 12.5
Explain the 10 levels of flying qualities as per the Cooper Harper
4 a 4
rating scale.
k-3
CO 12.5
5 a Explain the flight test procedure to test flying qualities 4
k-3

UNIT- 4(6 / 3)
S.N CO Mark
Question
o s
CO
1 a Explain the importance and procedure for a dive testing 5 12.5
k-2
CO 12.5
2 a Explain 1)Flutter 2)Control Reversal 3)Spin with its types 5
k-1
CO 12.5
3 a Explain the flight test procedure for spin testing 5
k-3
CO 12.5
Explain the safety measures and equipment required for a
4 a 5
hazardous flight test
k-3
5 a Explain the effect of various aircraft components on spin CO 12.5
characteristics. 5
k-3
CO 12.5
Explain the types of spins and recovery methods and the
6 a 5
co803mmon errors that can take place during spin testing
k-3
CO 12.5
7 a Describe flight test methods for determining Flutter. 5
k-3

Signature of Faculty / Faculties Signature of
HOD
UNIT WISE QUESTIONS:

Flight testing
UNIT 1
1) (a) Describe the planning process of flight test program.

(b) What are the sources and magnitude of errors. Explain Breifly each

2) (a) Discuss the purpose of flight test instruments

(b) Explain with neat sketch Principle of an Absolute vibration measuring instrument
3) (a) What is corelatiion test. Explain briefly
(b) What is Radio telemetry? Explain Flight testing application of Radio Telemetry

UNIT 2&3
1 what is turning performance
2 explain primary limitations on the turning performance
3 discuss simple flight test method for determination of neutral point
4 derive expression for takeoff distance
5 derive expression for landing distance
6 what is maneuvering stability
7 discuss simple flight test method for determination of neutral point
8. Explain data reduction techniques.

Unit 5
1. What is lateral-directional stability?
2. Discuss side slip and yaw angle.
3. Briefly explain steady heading sideslip.
4. Discuss effect of fuselage location on lateral stability.
5. Briefly summarize flight test methods.
6. What are the FAA regulations for dynamic lateral directional stability?
7. Write note on
(i) Spiral mode (ii) dutch roll mode

Unit 4
8. Briefly explain cooper-harper pilot rating scale.
9. What are the FAA regulations for flying qualities?
10.Explain briefly flight test procedures.
11.What are the requirements of flying qualities?
12. Explain briefly aero plane types, flight phase and level of flying qualities.
Unit 4
1. Explain briefly stall characteristics.
2. Discuss data collection during stall event.
3. Describe the safety items required during flight testing.
4. Discuss aircraft spin testing.
5. Describe factor that cause autorotation.
6. How to determine tail damping? Discuss various contributors of tail damping.
7. Briefly summarize aircraft egress planning.
8. List and Discuss on pre-flight briefing.
9. Discuss building up techniques during hazardous flight testing.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:

1. nptel.ac.in/courses/101104061/17 For estimation of drag polar through flight test

2. nptel.ac.in/courses/112106065/31 For fracture toughness testing

3. nptel.ac.in/courses/101106043/021_Chapter%204_L15.pdf For flight testing of
longitudinal stability

Ebooks ,References and journals:
1.https://www.aiaa.org/uploadedFiles/Education_and_Careers/STEM_K-
12_Outreach/Kids_Place_K-12_Activities/Flight_Dynamics_and_Testing/Flight%20Testing
%20activities_5-8.pdf

2. https://www.easa.europa.eu/system/files/dfu/Presentation%204%20-%20Flight%20test
%20organisation.pdf

3. https://www.aa.washington.edu/files/mae_colloquium/mae_winter2014/Ross_3-3-2014.pdf
4. www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA444990