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Abstract

The phenotypic characteristics of three genotypes of native chickens comprising of


Non-Descript ( ND ),HIII ( H ) and
Nacked Neck ( NN ) were studied.
A total of 180 individual chickens :
( Male : ND=20; H=20 and NN=20
Female: ND=40; H=40 and NN=40 were characterized under intensive
management system for qualitative and quantitative traits.The results indicated
that the predominant plumage color of three types of native chickens was black
brownish ( 33.33 %) followed by white with black type ( 28.33 %) ,and red brownish
(18.23%).Values indicate that 35%. Values indicate that 35% of native chickens had
whitish shank color
followed by yellowfish 31.68 % ,black 11.66 % and others 21.67 %.All hens of ND ,H
and NN laid light brown (62.42 %) to cream or off white (30.28%) Colored
eggs.Variations were also found on quantitative traits such as shank
length,body weight reproductive traits on intensive management system.Number of
eggs / hen from starting to ten months of laying were 108,104 and
112.Respectively in ND,H and NN genotypes three native chickens genotypes
Show distinct physical variations for both qualitative and quantitative traits
Under intensive management system.

KeyWords : Native chicken,quantitative and qualitative traits.

Abstrak
Karakteristik fenotipe dari tiga genotipe ayam kampung yang terdiri dari Non-
Descript (ND), HIII (H) dan
Nacked Neck (NN) dipelajari.
Sebanyak 180 ekor ayam individu:
(Laki-laki: ND = 20; H = 20 dan NN = 20
Perempuan: ND = 40; H = 40 dan NN = 40 yang ditandai di bawah sistem
manajemen yang intensif untuk hasil traits.The kualitatif dan kuantitatif
menunjukkan bahwa warna bulu dominan dari tiga jenis ayam kampung adalah
hitam kecoklatan (33,33%) diikuti oleh putih dengan jenis hitam (28,33%) , dan
merah kecoklatan (18,23%). Nilai menunjukkan bahwa 35%. Nilai-nilai menunjukkan
bahwa 35% dari ayam kampung memiliki warna shank keputihan? Diikuti oleh
yellowfish 31,68%, hitam 11,66% dan lain-lain 21,67% .Semua ayam ND, H dan NN
meletakkan coklat muda (62,42%) untuk krim atau off white (30,28% ) berwarna
eggs.Variations juga ditemukan pada sifat kuantitatif seperti shank? panjang, berat
badan sifat reproduksi pada system.Number manajemen intensif telur / hen dari
mulai sepuluh bulan petelur yang 108.104 dan
112.Respectively di ND, H dan NN genotipe tiga ekor ayam genotipe asli
Tampilkan variasi fisik yang berbeda untuk kedua sifat kualitatif dan kuantitatif
Di bawah sistem manajemen yang intensif.

Kata kunci: ayam asli, kuantitatif dan sifat kualitatif.