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10 AAAHAOBOH6EIA - ENA1: ITAPArONTAL TH1: EEEAISHL

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14 AAAHAOBOH0EIA - ENA~ IIAPArONTA~ TH~ E2EAI2H~

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16 AAAHAOBOHSEIA - ENA!: IIAPArONTAl: THl: E2EA12Hl:

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MIMHTPm: nOTAMIANOI

IIPOAOrOl: l:THN EK~Ol:H TOY 1914 •

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24 AAAHAOBOHBEIA - ENAl: nAPArONTAl: THl: EE:EAI:=:Hl:

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nr-oxo r-oz ITHN EKAOLH TOY 1914 25

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n. KPOnOTKIN MnQ<lLtoV, 24 Noq.LflQknJ 1914

EII:AfgfH II

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~'t1') OUVEXELa axeCPtllxa on 'to XEVO au'tO 8a Il:n:OQ01JOE va avaJtAllQWOEl eva BlBALo OXEnxa ue tllv aMl]AoBo~8ELa 00£ vOIlO 'tl]£: cpuOll£: i«lt :n:aQ6.yov'ta tl)£ ESEALl;ll£. Omv 0 XaSAEU bl11l00leuOE 'to 1888 to «A ycbva£ -yta -~oo~» j..lUVLcpEmo tOU (<<0 aywva£ yta E:n:tf,3i.wOfl XaL at El£t..1t'tWOEL£: 'too orov uv8QWl£o» - «Struggle for Existence and its Bearing upon Man»), l£OU, xma 'tllv EX'tlWI~ uou, ~Tav IlLa croltl1 :n:aQOUOlaOl) EX<p<lVOEWV 't1')£ ~w~£: <Jt11 ~ouyxAa ~ ora baO'l1, EmxOlv6vrjoa IlE tOY aQxuruvtax'tl1 tl)£ EcpYJf1£QLba£ Nineteenth Century yLa va TOV Q~ooo av Sa cptWSEVoUOE oro EVW](O TOU IlLa avaAunx~ amlV't1')OTj <Jtt£ alto'ljJEl£: EVO£ a:n:6 tOU£ mo btaxExQlllEvOU£: bag!3tVLO't€£. 0 T~EI.f.l£: NOooA£ (James Knowles) 6EXUlXE. MiAl10a EJtim1£ <JtOV r. Ml£ElT£ (W. Bates), Xat eeeivo; uou €bWOE tl)v aWAou8YJ am1vt110'11: «Nat, ampo:AoJ£. AVT6~ dvm 0 l£QaYllmtxO£: baQBtvtoll0£:. Or O:VSQWl£OL rnrroi EXooV exSEOEt tOY ~aQBtvo [tE CPQlX'tO 'tQOoo. rQO:tjJE tn uQ6ga XaL, orov Wl£OOSoUV, Sa YQatjJoo Illa E](L<JtOA~ 1tOU Il:n:oQEL£: YO: bT)llomeVoEL£». ~u<JtUXoJ£ XQEt.O.atlji«l yUQW om Emu XQOVLa

EI~ArQrH 33

yLa YO: YQa'liJOO aUto. to aQ8Qa %aL, otrrv bT](l00lE1J'tT]%E %at to tEAeutoio, 0 MJtEW; bE ~o{,OE mo.

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JIO'll rupL.EQwvovtaL otl.£ xatvwvi£r; trov aYQlwv XUL tWV ~ag~ugcov E~f'to.~Etat to xata MOO at yvooOEI£ !lOr; yL.Ct to ltQdJ'ta otabla tT]~ ov- 8gwJUv'll~ E~EAl;'llr; Em.~E~atooVooV Tl]V uM9ECJT] aut~, 'll onoic EJtavaAU[l~vEtat 1tOAU n:g08uJ,ta %at U%gl'ta coro tOV %alQ6 'too Xounc,

BAbtovtar; otL Ol 8ECJ(lot nou ~aaL~ovtaV ornv an'llAo~0~9ELa XaL aVaJtwx8Tj%av art6 tfj bfj[lLOUQYL%~ E'UqlULa ayglwv XUl T]!lLaygirov fla~wv xutU tT]V EJtOX~ :rr:ou at cpatgier; ~QLCJXOvtav UlroflU oe JtgWl[lO GtabLO, %at agyOtEQa, oro nAaLoLO rrov XOtV~tOJv, ~tav JtOf..f..OL y.at o1tOUbaLol, xu8wr; aCfXT]OaV %ataAUtl%TJ eJ'tLbQUCJT] rrrqv %(l'WJtLV~ E~EAtl;T] Tl]r; av8QcoMt'lltar;, a1tocpaOLoa vo E1tEXtetVW tt; EQE'llver; j.tOU XUL one e1tOJ,tEVe; LatogL%Er; 1tEQwbour;. KUQlCOr; cnoqxiotoc vc IJEAEtl}OW tT]V 1t1O evbto:cpEQOuoa an' aUtEr;, Tl] [lEOatWVt%~ Em8EQ11 n:OAT], Tl]r; 01tOlar; 'll CJ'U!l~oAi} O'tll bT]!llOugYLa tOO aUYXQovou n:Of..LtLOj.tOO bEV EXEL EX'tL[lT]8et bEovtCOr;. TEW;, ltQOolta8T]oa va bE~CO [lE ouvroula t11V LEQacrtL.Ct CJT]flUOLa Tl]r; aAf..T]AO~0~8eto:; %aL O'tll aUYXQOV11 %OLVOJVla, T] oaolc u:rr:otl8E'taL OtL CJtT]Ql~Etm at'llv aQxi} «Ko- 8Eva~ YLa tOY eouro tOU XUl to xQ6.tor; yL.Ct OAoo;». Ki ouox, 11 aQxi} aut~ JtOTE bEY UAOJtOli}811%E o{,te JtgO%ELtaL vc UAOltOlT]8EL.

M:rr:ogEL va ELJ'tW8et on LO flElovb~Tl]!lO auto{, tOU ~~Alou etVaL OtL n:aQOUoui~EL W ~ooa %aL roix av8Qcb1tOUr; cero !lla atot6bo;'ll 0- JttUtTJ, on bLVEtaL EJ,tcpaCJT] ott; %OLVWVlXEr; 'tour; aQEtEr; %aL Ott bE 8LyOvtaL xa80Aou ta avtLXOLvOJVLxD. %at autOEm~E~aLWtt%a evonxrc. AutO O!lWr; ~wv ava:rtocpE'U%to. TEAE'UWla U%ouYOvtat:rr:oM6. yL.Ct to «OKA11gO, o:vEt..E11'tO aywva YLa Entl3lwCJT]» toy onoto uJtmLBETaL on EXEl X11QU~EL xa8E ~ooo evovuo OE oAu m aAAa ~ooa, xa8e aYQIOr; evavno Of 6A,our; tou; af..Aour; aygLou; %at %a8E JtOALtLO!lEVO; <iv8QOJJtor; EvUVtLa OE OAour; Lour; OU!lJtOALtEr; tOU - %aL autE; OL UJt08EOELr; EXOUV y[VEl mJ!l~OAo JtlatEoor;. 'Hrcv WLJ'tOV avay%uLo nQcbta an' oAa va a-

34 AAAHAOBOH6ETA - ENA~ nAPArONTA~ TH~ E::::EAr::;:H~

vtLJ[aQm:e8d I-ua GaQa O'OOtXei.wv rtou 8a naQouaia~av tT] ~w~ TWV ctv8Qomwv a]'[o ,.ua btmpoQenx~ OX01tw., va ctvabnx8d 0 <JfIJlaVTlx6~ Tm:O~ QOAO~ J(OU nat~OUv oi XOtVWVtXE~ auv~8et.e~ 0't'11 q)'l)OYJ %aL O't'11v E~EAU;YJ TWV ~wwv XaL TWV ctv8Qwnwv. 'EJtQeJte va ctJ(obux8et on ro ~wa e~aacpaAt~ouv Jl' ctUTO TOV TQOJ(O nQOOTaGla alto TOU~ ex8Qou~ TOU~, TQOCP~ (xnJlEQtVE~ nQoJl~8Ele~, anobY][l~~ xTA.), [lctxQO~Wla, %aL enof.lEvW~ JleyaAuTEQct neQl8WQLct yLct tnv avuJt'[u~YJ tT]~ v011JlOmJVYJ~ TOU~. E:rd<Jfl~ on or UV8QWJtOl e~ctocpaAL~ouv oAa Ta JtaQanuvw nAwvex~[lctTa, xa8w~ XaL TYJV J(QOG8eTYJ buvmo'tYJTa vo oQyavwvouv toix 8eaf.lou~ exeivou; nou toix %ct8lOToUV tXctVoU~ vo Em~LWGOUV oro OXA'I1Qo TOU£, aywva evovn« 0't'11 CPUOi] Xctt va nQoobeuoouv, J(ctQ' oAa ro aXct[lJtavej3uo[lctTct OTY]V nOQEla T'I1~ LOTOQla~. To I3lj3Alo noQoumu~El TO VOIlO tT]~ aM'I1Ao~o~8eLct~ W~ eva» alto TOU~ nQwTctQXtxoU~ JtaQcXyoVTE~ 't'I1~ E~EAt~'I1~· OXt 6AOV~ TOU~ J(aQuyoVTE~ 't'I1~ e~EAL~Y]~ %aL T'I1V ct~la TOU xa8evo~ cor' auTOU~. 'EnQelte va YQacp'td evo j3lj3Alo ltcXVW otuv JtQcOT'I1 nQoI3A11llaTtX~, yLct va %UTctOTEl buva't~ Y] avCt.mu~'I1 't'I1~ beuTeQ'I1~.

~[youQa 8ct etf..tctt 0 TeAEUTctlo~ rtou 8a uJtOTl1!~aet 'to QOw TY]~ auToe1tlj3e~alw011~ TOU crouou O't'11v e~EAt~'I1 't'I1~ av8QwnOT'I1Ta~. Qorooo oarro TO 8Ef.KX aJtatTEL, %ctT<l T'I1 YVW[l'l1 [lOU, j3a8UTEQ11 avUAuOi]. ~T'I1V tOTOQLa 't'I1~ ctV8QWJt0't'l1Ta~ '11 m:o/.U%~ auToemt3ej3ai.woY] ~TctV GUXVU %Ut E~aXOAou8eL va ELVaL xem EVTEAW~ btmpOQEn%O, EUQUTeQO %aL j3a8UTEQO coro TY] f.llxQOJtQeJ(~ %Ut t3Aaxwb'l1 OTEVOIlUctAtcX, TYJV 0- nola ltOMoL auYYQacpd~ EXOUV ctJ(OXAzlOTtxU auyxQU~OEl, f.lLAWVTa~ aXQtl3cO~ ytct «crouiouo» XaL T~ J(QO~ auToEmj3e!3a[w011. OUTE 0 aQt8f.l6~ turv av8Qwnwv rtou EYQct"iJav lO'tOQlct nEQLOQ[~ETaL G' au'toU~ rtou Ol LOTOQt%Ol exouv JtctQOumaGEl w~ ~Qwe~. H JtQ68ea~ uou elVaL, rrv to EJtl'tQE'lj.lOUV ot auv8~xe~, vo avaAuaw ~EXWQtOTU TO QOAO nov btabQa[lctT[~Et YJ aV8QcOJ'tlV11 TcXOi] yta aUTOEJt~Ej3cti.w011 O't'11v ltQoobo T'I1~ av8Qwn6t'l1TU~. ~E aUTO 'to O11f.lElo 8a XcXVW Eva YEVtxO axoAlo. 'OWV oi 8EOf.lOl nov 8ef.lEAtc08'11%av OT'I1V ctnY]AoI30~8eta -11 cpuA~, Y] xorvomrc, ot auVTeXVte~, or f..t.eoaLWVt%E~ n6AE~-xQCiTTr- cXQXlOav, xm:cX tT] btcXg%ELct tT]~ lOTOQla~, va XcXvQUv 'tOV aQXEYovo xaQax~Qa TOU~, va bexovTctt T'I1V ELO~oA~ nctQctoLtlXWV 1l0Qcpwf,.ulTwv, %aL eTm vo ueml:QEnOVTctl oe naQcXyoVTE~ avaOToA~~ t'l1~ nQoobou, YJ E~b/EQO'l1 TWV 1l0QCPE~. OQLO!!ZVOl an' ctUTOU~ nou ~E011xmvOVTav J(aAzuav yta va 10- ~ctYVLaOUV TOU~ ltaAloU~ 8EOf.lOUC; ~ vo b11f.lLOUQy~aouv IlLct nOALTEla mo JtQOy]y~V11, f3aOlOflEV11 OTtc; LbtE~ aQXE~ tT]~ aM11AoI30~8Ela~. IIQO-

EIl:ArOrH 3.5

OJ[a8''loav, YLa 1fugooaYIill, vo €Loayayouv LT]V aQX~ LT]~ a:rto~1']f..Lfoo- 011; cvti W'U lex talionis, Xat agyo-tega LT]v :rtagaygrup~ rorv a6Lx"l~1:(ov, ~ 1:0 axO!J.U u'tjJ"lA.O'teQO l6avLxO 't1']£ UJOLT]Tat; us avacpoga O'tTJv av8gwJUV1'] auvdc1']OYJ cvti LT]£ «a:rto~1']!lfooOYJ~?) avaAoya ue LT]v XOLVWVLX1'j OEOYJ. Tau'toxgova O!loo; !lLa nM1'] !lEgLOa e:rtavUOTaLWV JtQaoJIa8ouoav va 'XUWAUOOUV rou; JtQOOTaLE'U'tLXOU; 8EO!loU£ LT]t; a/,J"TJAo-uJtaO't~Q~1']t;,!lE f..LovruHx~ :rtg08EOYJ vc au;~oouv TOV JtAOU'tO znt mv LOXU rou; ~' au't~ rnv tgL!lEQ1161illt<iA1'] ava!lEOa OTt.; &Vo 'XUtllYOQLE; EJtavaO'taLWv 'XUl OTOUt; U1fOO't1']gLX'tEt; 't1']£ XaLEO't1']~V"l£ 1:aSll; £YXfl'tat 11 JtgaY!laTLX~ Tgayoo6i.a 't1']£ LO'tOgfa£. I'tu vc muaygacp~o(J) °1100£ oirro 'tOY aywva Xat vc f..LE~Ooo TOV avnxElflEvLxO gow 111; xu8Ellla; coto 1:L£ aVLLxgouO!1£VE; 6uva!lEL£ omv e;EA~1'] T11£ av- 8Q(oJI01:11'ta;, 8a XQELa~O!lOUV TOUWXLOLOV roou XgOVLa oo« Xget.O.O't"lxu YLa va oUYYQa\jJoo ouro 'to ~L~Ai.o.

ITQE:rtEL va avacp£Qoo OQlO!lf:va Egya JtOlJ ngctYl..lClTeUovtut OXE66v to ibID ~frrrlJill xm exh081']XctV orpotou UQXLOctV va C1']!lClO'lElJOVI:m OQl~ MO ro aQ8Q1l !lOU yLa 'tYJV aM1']Ao~~8ELa av<it.teoa oro ~wa: To The Lowell Lectures on the Ascent of Man W'U XEvgU NWaf..LOVT (Henry Drummond) (Aovoivo 1894) Xctl to The Origin and Growth of the Moral Instinct'tou A. MbEQActV1: (A. Sutherland) (AOVCLVO 1898). Kat rc &Vo ~amtOV'Im ml.l; xmE'U9u~QLEt; YQIl!l!li£ W'U Liebe und Liebes-Leben in der Thierweit TOU MrroUXVEg, EvW W CEU'tEQO EgyO aoxO'A.ELTat exrem~va IlE m YOVE'(xO xm 'to 0tx.OYEVELaxO af081']!J.U 00; f..LOVablxO JtaQUYOvtn uva.JtTU~1']; rcov 1']8LXWV aL081']f..LCtToov. 'Eva tQLW EQYO, !lE 1:1.1; illLEt; ~amx.Et; OI)X£t;, yLa rov av8QooJtO EL vm 'to The Principles oh Sociology'tou xa8~ <1>. A fXLvnvyx; (F, A Giddings), nou nQWWExoo81']XE TO 1896 O't"l NEa YOQX1'] Xctl 'to Aovb[vo. 0 ouyygacpea; axu:ryQCtcp1']OE 'tl.l; ee~x£; tD£E£ W'U oe xUnOLO cpuAWbLO TO 1894. 0CPELAoo 0!lW; va aCp~(Jw oroix XQLtLx.oU; TO EQYO 't1']£ aV<iAuOYJt; nov OYJ!lEi.roV m'JyxAt.orJ; xal umJY)..lO"lt; avCtf..LEoa oro TQla avro eQya xat 0'tO CLxO f..LO'U.

Tc cL<icpaQa xEcpCtAaLa aUToU 'lOU ~L~Atou 1tQooTob1']!loowU't1']xrrv otljv f<p1']!lEQwa Nineteenth Century. H (<Anl]Ao~~8E1.(l O'tl.l; XOLvOlvi£; nov ~WooV)} aVa!lEOct 0't0 ~EJ['tE!lBQLO xm 'to Noe!l~QtO tou 1890, "l «A/')"11Ao~o~8fla ott; XOLVooVlE£ torv aYQLww TOV AnQLALO rou 1891, TJ «AJJ..11AoBo~8EL.a CJ't1.l; XOLVWVfE; rrov j3aQj3agoow 'tOY Icvoucoio TOU 1892, TJ «An1']Aoj3~8fla 0't1'] !lEOmooVLx~ JtoA1']-xQa'tOp} 'tOY Auyou(no xm 'to Thrrtef..Lj3QlO TOU 1894, XctL 1'] (An1']wj3o~8fla on; oUYXQoVE; Y.OlVooVLeP) 'tOY IavouCtQLO Xctl TOV Ioevio tOU 1896.

36 AAA HAOBOHGETA - ENAl: ITAPArONTAl: THl: E:=:EAT::;:Hl:

XaiQoflaL nou eX-ill rnv EUXaLQta vo excpQCiow orov aQXl(J'UVJ;uXTf] t1']£ Elll11flEQlba£ Nineteenth Century T~e'+t£ NOOUA£ TI.£" 8EQflOtEQEt:; EUXUQlOTU::£ uou, ,((JOO yLa tnv EUYEVlX~ cpv..o1;EvLa rtou naQELXE TO EVTU:rr:O TOO 0' auTO. ro o.Q8oa flOt..lt:; JtAl1QocpoQij811XE TO :rtEQLCXO)J£VO toix, 000 xat yLa TflV o.bEUl TOO va ro E:rtaVExbo'JoOJ.

r

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H AAAHAOBOH8EIA rrn KOINONIEi.: TON ZOON

Aywl'QS yta E1I't~tW01) - AMr"/Ao~oi)8Eta, vOlloS 71}S cPV01)S Kat npW7apxu<os napaYOVTas 71}S Ef€Atfr/s - AonovauAa - MUPJ.L~yKta Kat tdAWOES - II71}va: opyavw01) KUV1]YWV

Kat ~apillaTos - KOLVWVU<071}Ta - AM1)A07TpooTao(a avawoa OTa IltKpOTEpa n71}va - IIEAapyo(, nanayai\ot

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38 AAAHAOBOH0EI A - ENAl: nAPA rONTAl: THl: E2EA1:S:Hl:

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H AAAHAOBOHBEIA ITII KOINQNIEI TON ZQQN 45

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