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How To Make Sure Your

Air Conditioner Keep Its Cool

So You Don’t Have To Sweat Out A Summer Of Repairs

If you’re going to have an air Our log forms cover four groups of
conditioning failure, it’s going to air conditioning and refrigeration
happen in the next few weeks. More installations: systems with a
Hartford Steam Boiler air conditioning breakdowns occur reciprocating compressor under 25
One State Street during early summer than any other HP, those with a reciprocating
P.O. Box 5024
time. compressor over 25 HP, those with a
Hartford, CT 06102-5024
centrifugal compressor, and
Tel: (800) 472-1866
www.munichre.com/HSB We know. We pay the insurance absorption systems.
claims on them. But you pay the
July 2016 price: in equipment downtime, Note: logs for larger systems feature
repairs, and heat from the categories for even more detailed
management. record keeping (Complex systems
require a complete set of readings
That’s why we’re offering tips from either daily, at the beginning of each
our field inspectors: how to avoid the eight-hour shift, or, for major
most common air conditioning commercial buildings, every hour.)
problems with a little strategic
maintenance. A. Annually check open or hermetic
motors for burn out.
How Our Complimentary
Logs Can Help You Head Off −−Check air ventilation openings on
open-type motors for obstruction.
Air Conditioning Problems. −−Check bearings on open-type
The better data you have on your motors for adequate and proper
system’s performance, the better lubrication.
you’re able to spot recurring −−Have insulation resistance meter
problems and extend your readings taken on motor windings.
equipment’s useful life. Hartford If resistance is less than one
Steam Boiler has created a megohm, don’t start the motor. (For
complimentary air conditioning hermetic motors, be sure the crank
log to help you track operating case heater is energized at least
characteristics and alert you to eight hours before this test.)
impending trouble.
B. Annually inspect motor controls.
Logs and Checklists are available
on HSB.com in the Equipment Care −−Remove the covers on the motor’s
section. magnetic starters and examine the
contacts. Compressor cycling can

moving parts within its design limits. cracked. be sure to look for them. −−Immerse thermal sensing controls compressor. If it’s not operating and seals. electrically. Monthly check the fans. condition and setting of their and check the compressor valves— sensing elements. D.Hartford Steam Boiler Page 2/4 Air Conditioning Keeps Its Cool Hermetic air-cooled reciprocating system (25 HP) G. Monthly check the pumps. Take care to protect the fan motors from any C moisture. Preferably. clean the sump J and spray nozzles and check the A baffles for tightness and soundness. Lubrication failure is one of the −−Check it for proper superheat −−Check the condition of pump biggest causes of equipment setting over its full range of bearings. the safe operation of the overheat. −−Check the makeup water valve to K. their crank case heater energized. B −−For cooling towers. Make sure they’re the season. lubrication at all times. E H. shaft couplings breakdown. −−Clean the coils. Annually check the oper ating hermetic compressors need to have pitting or corrosion. Without proper operation. −−Check all terminal connections for This step is vital. −−They’re the heart of your the heaters energized for the rest of −−Check the overload protection for equipment. the heater will prevent −−Make sure timing devices have the order. Look for E. −−Test oil pressure differential every 10. and safety controls. (Valves are relatively −−Check belt tension and condition. packings. Valve failure is switches mechanically and one of the biggest causes of −−Check fans for broken. burn and break. sump. Annually check the thermostatic Avoid lubrication failure. it can affect in the motor-compressor wear out. Annually clean the condensers/ cooling towers. refrigerant from migrating to the correct operating sequence. signs of corrosion on the paddle inexpensive.) and linkage. make them deteriorate. or C. C −−Clean air cooled condensers. Flow switches should compressor break down. If you see bent or loose blades and hubs. when the compressor defects and proper sizing properly calibrated and in working is idle. F. −−Check mechanical linkage for in a cold medium to verify the −−Have the cylinder heads removed binding and looseness. expansion valve. at least once every two years.000 hours. Help prevent ‘scrambled’ H compressors. but G only with a solution marketed for this specific use. leave tightness. . I −−At least eight hours before start-up. −−Remove the heads on shell and M tube condensers and clean the tubes of scale and debris. spray D nozzles and overflow drain on evaporative condensers. replace −−Check the fan shaft and bearings. be removed from the well for signs of wear or fatigue. equipment. L be sure it’s operating properly. examination.

the service technician at once. Keep a careful log of trouble. Look carefully down. Weekly check lubrication. You may temperature changes. trouble. and installs proper liquid and To avoid pressure problems: try to technician check the oil to make sure suction line filters and dryers. cleans and dries the . need to leak test any water-cooled in pressure is reason enough to call condensers or chillers. Keep air filters clean. regulating and moisture problems: Don’t attempt to adjust regulating protective control settings. The result: erratic service technician. check these areas. make sure your service technician corrects the problem. condenser. you’ll see a pattern of clear Dirty condensers are a key cause of oil sight glass to check lubrication in liquid flow. that the condenser is clean. suction pressures. and freezing in the checkpoints appear normal. Equip your refrigerant circuit (liquid is the time for an expert to diagnose line) with a moisture sight glass and correct the problem. If you temporarily lose oil in the sight glass. look through the Normally. corrosion technician at once. determine normal discharge and it’s suitable: clean and non-acid. any increase of leakage immediately. The oil changes in the flow pattern (such as Make sure the technician verifies level should remain constant. Check these likely leak spots every specific function. If there hasn’t been a power Check the absorption purge unit and corroding or copper plating the interruption and all other purge system for proper operation. use an effective water in the crank case. find and correct the chillers leak. the lithium bromide solution When your system shuts down. Periodically have week: compressor shaft seals • them serviced. and even used on the absorber unit and check breakdown. flow pattern changes. (Your air It’s even more important to conditioning unit may be equipped Also have the technician leak test the determine the source of the moisture with pressure gauges. Effective filters free of dust particles. Look for any change in the indicator chemical color. If the color changes toward ‘wet’. call the expansion valves. have the system checked to see if it’s have a water-cooled or evaporate you may have unwanted refrigerant properly charged with refrigerant. unless you take severe equipment breakdown. moving parts. cleaning dates to maintain an Each is calibrated to perform a effective cleaning schedule. Don’t attempt to These diagrams can help you work when you’re charging refrigerant or oil restart the system—it could result in with service people to identify parts into the system. Avoid refrigerant circuit failure. indicator. temperature and pressure controls.Hartford Steam Boiler Page 3/4 Air Conditioning Keeps Its Cool Every year. Examine all canned motor pumps performance. I. If your system is an absorption unit: piping joints • coils • vessels • tested—only by qualified personnel. It can get in accidentally cause of the trip-off.) As with system regularly. adjusted and proof. and repair any point and to correct it right away. Call the service Control malfunction can also cause treatment to prevent scale. don’t attempt to restart the at the condition of the motor stator Moisture can enter the system if system. water-cooled condensers or water tripped it off. Above-normal bromide inhibitor. have your service system. points of special care. smoke accumulations—a symptom of air conditioning depends on reliable and dirt. (not shown here) test and evaluate compressors • motors. and other or protective controls yourself: This critical features. If you gas bubbles in the liquid refrigerant). If the motor-compressor has shut the bearings for wear. When the system is idle. the compressor crankcase. Oil and refrigerant leaks often show Regularly check temperature (k) M. needing replacement. Keep air up as oil spots with dust and pressure (l) controls. Here’s how to check for refrigerant leakage. If you notice other pressure and temperature problems. inefficiency. and algae. concentration and the lithium J. Moisture hurts any refrigeration room temperatures invariably spell system: preventing proper lubrication. Protective controls may have and rotor seals.

An adequate service program may cost a little more up front. but it will pay off in long-term savings. That’s critical advice. BUT HOW HSB_409 (New 8/15) .Hartford Steam Boiler Page 4/4 Air Conditioning Keeps Its Cool If operating characteristics change—watch out. All rights reserved. Once you’ve familiarized yourself with these normal conditions. NOT IF. (Our advice is intended to complement the equipment manufacturers’ recommendation—not replace them. depending on the season and the heat load your system handles. They vary. Each system has its own normal pattern of noise. Any change in normal operating characteristics is a warning. Call the service technician if you notice: −− unusual noise or vibration −−a strange odor −−oil or water spots −− sudden changes in temperature. call an air conditioning service firm. Suspect a problem? Call your service firm. Consult with a professional before undertaking any maintenance steps or repairs. speed or pressure. you’ll be able to spot trouble signs. If you have doubts about any particular procedure. speed.) Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Maintenance/Operations Guide Manufacturer: ___________________________________ Number: _______________________ Size: _______________ Location:_______________________________________________________ Service Company: ___________________________________________________________________ Service Technician: __________________________________________________________________ Date serviced: ________________________________________________________________________ © 2015 The Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company. vibration. temperature and pressure. Correct the problem at once.