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Earthquakes are the natural hazard under which the disasters are mainly caused by damage to or collapse of building. So for new construction it is necessary to establish earthquake resistant regulations and their implementation is the critical safeguard against earthquake induced damage. Depending on the conditions different design base shear calculation format given in IS 1893:2002, Eurocode 8. These formats are applied to a multi-storied steel frame building and using Equivalent Static Analysis approach base shear are calculated and compared. According to IS 800:2007 Elastic Analysis and Design of steel structure are suggested. Eurocode 3 also has given limit state design approach for the design of steel structure. Design of multi-storied steel frame building has been carried out for elastic analysis as per IS 800 2007 and for plastic analysis as per IS 800 1984. Similarly the multi-storied steel frame building has been designed by Eurocode 3 and Eurocode 4 mentioned procedures. The design consists of design of beam, column, connection, gusseted base plate and seismic design of the beam-to-column joint panel zone. All the checks are shown according to requirement of seismic codes respectively.

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4, Issue 05, 2016 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

**Seismic Analysis and Design of Steel Framed Multi-Storied Building
**

Sandesh v. Binak1 G.B Bhaskar2

1

M.Tech. Student 2Assistant Professor

1,2

Department of Civil Engineering

1,2

G.H. Raisoni Academy of Engineering & Technology, Nagpur

Abstract— Earthquakes are the natural hazard under which and thereby a disaster is avoided. So, below the

the disasters are mainly caused by damage to or collapse of earthquake resistant design philosophy may be summarized

building. So for new construction it is necessary to establish in Table 1.

earthquake resistant regulations and their implementation is Non

Ground Structural

the critical safeguard against earthquake induced damage. Collapse Structural

Shaking Damage

Depending on the conditions different design base shear Damage

calculation format given in IS 1893:2002, Eurocode 8. Strong A NA A

These formats are applied to a multi-storied steel frame Moderate L NA S

building and using Equivalent Static Analysis approach base Minor NA NA NA

shear are calculated and compared. According to IS Table 1: Earthquake Design Philosophies

800:2007 Elastic Analysis and Design of steel structure are A – Acceptable

suggested. Eurocode 3 also has given limit state design L – Limited

approach for the design of steel structure. Design of multi- S – Sustainable

storied steel frame building has been carried out for elastic NA – Not Allowed

analysis as per IS 800 2007 and for plastic analysis as per IS a) Under minor but frequent shaking, the main

800 1984. Similarly the multi-storied steel frame building member of the building that carry vertical and

has been designed by Eurocode 3 and Eurocode 4 mentioned horizontal forces should not be damaged; however

procedures. The design consists of design of beam, column, building parts that do not carry load may sustain

connection, gusseted base plate and seismic design of the repairable damage.

beam-to-column joint panel zone. All the checks are shown b) Under moderate but occasional shaking, the main

according to requirement of seismic codes respectively. members may sustain repairable damage, while the

Key words: steel frame building, other parts of the building may be damaged such

that they may even have to be replaced after the

I. INTRODUCTION earthquake.

Earthquakes are the natural hazard under which disaster are c) Under strong but rare shaking, the main member

mainly caused by damage to or collapse of building and may sustain severe (even irreparable) damage, but the

other man made structure. So its prevention for collapse of building should not collapse.

building or reduction in loss of life is also in our hand. The Thus, after minor shaking, the building will be

primary objective of earthquake resistant design is to fully operational within a short time and the repair costs will

prevent building collapse during earthquakes thus be small. And, after moderate shaking, the building will be

minimizing the risk of death or injury to people in or around operational once the repair and strengthening of the

those buildings. Because damaging earthquakes are rare, damaged main members is completed. But, after a strong

economics dictate that damage to buildings is earthquake, the building may become dysfunctional for

expected and acceptable provided collapse is avoided. further use, but will stand so that people can be evacuated

Experience has shown that for new construction; establish and property recovered.

earthquake resistant regulation and their implementation is B. Design Methodology

the critical safeguard against earthquake induced damage.

As regards existing structure, it is necessary to evaluate and Depending on the characteristic value of the material

strengthen them based on evaluation criteria before an strength and usefulness the design are classified as follows.

earthquake. C. Limit state design

Urbanization has led to a dramatic increase in the For ensuring the design objectives, the design should be

number and variety of high-rise building structures. The based on characteristic value of material strengths and

seismic vulnerability of these high-rise infrastructures is applied loads (action), which take in to account the

poorly understood and probabilistic assessment tools of their probability of variations in the material strengths and in the

performance is lacking. loads to be supported. The limit state method is based on

A. Earthquake Design Philosophy any choose limit of structural usefulness. The limit can be

The engineers do not attempt to make earthquake proof attainment of yield point stress, brittle fracture, fatigue,

buildings that will not get damaged even during the instability, deflection or maximum plastic Strength. Thus

rare but strong earthquake, instead, the engineering the strength of member depends on the criteria of design

intention is to make buildings earthquake resistant such adopted. The design values are derived from the

buildings resist the effects of ground shaking, although characteristic values through the use of partial safety

they may get damaged severely but would not collapse factors, both for material strengths and for loads.

during the strong earthquake. Thus, safety of people Reliability of design is ensuring by requiring that

and contents is assured in earthquake-resistant buildings, Design action Design strength

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**

Seismic Analysis and Design of Steel Framed Multi-Storied Building

(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/106)

**Limit state are the states beyond which the
**

structure has no longer satisfied the performance

requirements specified. The limit states are classified as,

1) Limit state of strength

Limit state of strength are those associated with failure

under the action of probable and most unfavorable

combinations of load on the structure using the

appropriate partial safety factor, which may endanger the

safety of life and property.

2) Limit strength of serviceability

It includes deformation and deflection, which may adversely

affect the appearance or effective use of structure. Vibration

of the structure of any of its components causing discomfort Fig. 1: Plan of multi storey building

to people, damage to the structure, its contents, of

which may limits its structural effectiveness.

D. Plastic Design

Steel has unique physical property, ductility, because of

which it is able to absorb large deformation beyond the

elastic limit without fracture. Due to this property steel

possesses a reserve of strength beyond its yield which tries

to utilize in the plastic method of design. Plastic design is an

aspect of limit design that extends the structural usefulness

up to the plastic strength or Ultimate load carrying. In

plastic ultimate strength is the criteria rather than yield stress

hence behavior of member beyond the yield stress in the

inelastic (or plastic) range is considered.

Fig. 2: Elevation of multi-storey building

II. MODELLING AND ANAYSIS OF BUILDING

A. Overview

Building seismic codes have given different seismic format

for the calculation of design seismic forces and different

seismic force distribution along the height of the structure.

These formats are discussed in this chapter. According to

that these formats are applied to the multi-storey 3D frame

and the seismic acceleration coefficients and design seismic

forces are compared along the height of the frame.

B. Details of the Building

An example from Proposed Draft for IS 1893 (Part 1),

explanatory examples of Provisions on Seismic Design of

Buildings is considered3.

The details of the building are shown below.

Four storey steel framed office building is

considered. Building is located in Shilong (seismic zone Fig. 3: Sections used for modeling the building

V).The soil conditions are hard. The steel frames are infilled 1) Columns

with brick masonry. The floors are catering for a live load of For limit state design ISHB 350

3kN/m2 on floors and 1.5 kN/m2 on the roof. (Spacing) S = 300 mm

C. Data for Load Calculation For plastic design ISWB 600

(Spacing) S = 400 mm

Floor Finish (roof) = 2.5 kN/m

2) Beam

Floor Finish (floor) = 1 kN/m

For limit state design ISMB 400

Live Load (roof) = 1.5 kN/m

For plastic design ISMB 500

Live Load (floor) = 3 kN/m

Density of Concrete = 25 kN/m3

Slab Thickness = 125 mm

Density of Brickwork = 20 kN/m3

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Seismic Analysis and Design of Steel Framed Multi-Storied Building

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**G. Seismic Weight Calculations
**

Seismic weight of the frame of Figure is calculated

To

tal

Le

Slab Parape Brick Col Lo

ve LL Beam

+_ FF t Wall Wall umn ad

l

(k

N)

(20×

(0.12× (1×70 (155×2 (1.5×0. (31×5 1.6×

28

Ro 15×20 ×0.115 0×0.23 25×15 ×0.85 2×

96.

of ×25) = ×20) = ×1.6) = ×20) = 25) = 1.01

92

900 161 1141 112.5 132 73)

= 33

(155×2 (3×0.2

34

Fig. 4: Sections used for modeling the building Th 0×0.23 5×15×

900 - 132 65 52.

ird ×3.2) = 20) =

D. Other Necessary Details 84

2282 225

2.Self wt. of ISMB 500 = Se 34

1.Slab 120 mm thick co 900 - 2282 225 132 65 52.

0.8525 kN/m

nd 84

3.Floor Finish 1 4.Self wt. of ISMB 550 = (155×2

kN/m2 1.0173 kN/m Fir 0×0.23 75

37

5.Live Load (Roof) 6.Density of concrete 25 900 - 225 132 23.

st ×3.7) =

1.5 kN/m2 kN/m3 06

2638

7.Live Load (Floors) 3 8.Density of concrete 20 13

kN/m2 kN/m3 Total seismic weight of building 52

Table 2: 6

Table 3: Seismic Weight Calculation

E. Model Used For Analysis in STAAD Pro Equivalent static analysis (As per IS1893:2002)

Seismic details for IS1893:2002

Importance Factor : 1.0

Response reduction Factor : 5.0

Zone : V

Type of Soil : Hard

Damping in Steel Structure : 2%

Table 4: Seismic details

H. Design base shear

The horizontal acceleration coefficient is given by,

Z I S

Ah a

2 R g

Consider a panel with brick infilled walls the time period is

calculated as,

0 . 09 h 0 . 09 13 . 8

T 0 . 2777 sec

Fig. 5: d 20

F. Modeling Steps Used For Analysis in STAAD Pro For the calculated time period the spectral acceleration

coefficient is, for 2% damping multiplying factor=1.4

Model is prepared in STAAD Pro software. The building is

Sa

three dimensional multi-storied structure with four bays in 2 .5 1 .4 3 .5

X direction and three bays in Y direction. The building is g

with different column height i.e. 4.2 m for ground level Therefore the horizontal acceleration coefficient is,

and 3.2 m for rest above storeys. Steel sections are used to 0 . 36 1

model the building. Internal column is provided the higher Ah 3 . 5 0 . 126

section as compared to the other columns. Beams are 2 5

provided same section for the whole building. Dead load, Design base shear

live load and earthquake loads are applied. Earthquake V B Ah W

loads are calculated using Equivalent Static Analysis and

applied directly as the nodal forces on each node of each V B 0 .126 13526

storey by dividing the storey shear with the number of V B 1704 kN

nodes of each storey. Then analysis is performed and the

maximum forces are obtained from summary and designed I. Distribution along the Height

for various International codes.

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Seismic Analysis and Design of Steel Framed Multi-Storied Building

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**Distribution of base shear along the storey height for
**

IS1893:2002(Part1) is given as follows TC is given in Table 3 or Table5 of Eurocode-8;

Distribution of forces along the height of building b) They meet the criteria for regularity in elevation

2 Store given in 4.2.3.3 of Eurocode-8.

Storey w i hi y Base shear force

Height

Level Wt. Wihi2

wh Shear The seismic base shear force ‘Fb’, for each

2

(m) i i

(kN) (Qi) horizontal direction in which the building is analyzed, shall

(kN)

be determined using the following expression

2896.9 551689.4

Roof

2

13.8

4

0.46 787 Fb S d (T1 ) m

3452.8 Where,

Third 10.6 387961.1 0.32 554

4 Sd (T1) = the ordinate of the design spectrum (see 3.2.2.5EC-

Secon 3452.8 189077.5 8) at period T1;

7.4 0.16 270

d 4 2

m = the total mass of the building, above the

3723.0 65674.77

First 4.2 0.05 94 foundation or above the top of a rigid basement.

6 8

= the correction factor, the value of which is

1194402.

8 1704 = 0.85 if T1 < 2 TC and the building has more than two

storey’s, or = 1.0 otherwise

Table 5: Design Guidelines given by Eurocode-8 T1 = the fundamental period of vibration of the

J. Importance Classes for Buildings building for lateral motion in the direction considered.

In Eurocode-8 all categories of buildings are divided into For buildings with heights of up to 40 m the value

four groups according to its purpose and function. For each of T1 (in Sec) may be approximated by the following

seismic use group a seismic factor or importance factor is expression

3

given. In IS1893-2002 (Part 1) also the importance T1 C t H 4

**factors are given for buildings according to function and
**

importance. The importance classes and importance factor as Where, Ct = 0.085 for moment resistant space steel

given by Eurocode-8 is presented. frames, 0.075 for moment resistant space concrete frames

and for eccentrically braced steel frames and 0.050 for all

K. Importance Classes of Building other structures.

Importance Seismic H = the height of the building, in m, from the

Building foundation or from the top of a rigid basement.

Class factor(γI)

Building of minor importance The value of the damping correction factor η may

I for public safety ,e.g. 0.8 be determined by the expression

agricultural building 10

Ordinary building not 0 . 55

5

II belonging in the other 1.0

categories. Where,

Building whose seismic ξ = the viscous damping ratio of the structure, expressed as a

resistance is of importance in percentage which is 2% for steel structure.

view of the consequences 2) Distribution of the horizontal seismic forces

III 1.2 The seismic action effects shall be determined by

associated with the collapse

,e.g. school .assembly hall, applying, to the two planar models, horizontal forces Fi to

Cultural institutions etc. all storey.

Building whose integrity Z imi

Fi Fb

Z imi

during earthquake is of vital

IV importance for civil 1.4

protection, e.g. hospitals, fire Where,

stations, power plants, etc. Zi, Zj = the heights of the masses mi, mj above the level of

Table 6: application of the seismic action (foundation or top of a

rigid basement)

L. Lateral Force Method of Analysis Equivalent static analysis (EC-8)

1) Limitations Seismic details for EC-8

The requirement is deemed to be satisfied in a building Seismic details

which fulfils both of the two following conditions. Importance Factor : 1.0 (Class II)

a) They have fundamental periods of vibration T1 in Behavior factor : 6.0

the two main directions which are smaller than the following PGA : 0.36g

values Type of Soil : Type A (Rock)

4T C Damping in Steel Structure : 2%

T1 Table 7:

2 .0 s M. Design base shear calculation

Where, The seismic base shear force Fb, is given as follows:

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Seismic Analysis and Design of Steel Framed Multi-Storied Building

(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/106)

Fb S d (T1 ) m 4th

2896.

13.8

39977

0.34 703

92 .5

From equation above,

3452. 36600

3 3rd 10.6 0.31 643

T1 0 .05 13 .8 4 84 .1

3452. 25551

T1 0 . 358 sec 2nd

84

7.4

.02

0.22 443

Sd (T1) can be determined from the design 3723. 15636

response spectrum (3.2.2.5) of EC-8. From the Table 7 (EC- 1st 4.2 0.13 275

06 .85

8) the parameter governing the recommended elastic

response spectra (Refer Table 8) 11776

2069

5.5

Ground Type S TB (sec) TC (sec) TC (sec)

A 1.00 0.15 0.40 2.00 Table 9: Distribution of forces along the height of building.

B 1.20 0.15 0.50 2.00 O. Comparison of Horizontal Seismic Acceleration and

C 1.15 0.20 0.60 2.00 Seismic Base Shear

D 1.35 0.20 0.80 2.00

The calculated seismic acceleration coefficient and seismic

E 1.40 0.15 0.50 2.00

base shear in sections 3.3.4, 3.3.5 and 3.3.6 are as shown in

Table 8: Value of parameter describing elastic response

Table 10.

spectra

From design response spectrum for ground type A P. Comparison of Acceleration and Base Shear

2 .5 IS Euro Code 8

T B T T C : S d (T ) a g S 1893:2002 2003

q

Natural Period 0.2777 sec 0.358 sec

According to clause 3.2.2.5(Eurocode-8)The

Horizontal Seismic

values of the behavior factor q, which also account for the 0.126 0.153

Coefficient

influence of the viscous damping being different from 5%,

are given for various materials and structural systems Design Base Shear 1704 kN 2069 KN

according to the relevant ductility classes. 4th 787 kN 703 kN

3rd 554 kN 643 kN

S d (T ) 2 .5 Storey Shear

0 . 36 1 2nd 270 kN 443 kN

g 5 1st 94 kN 275 kN

S d (T ) Table 10:

0 . 18 Q. Design of Panel Zone

g

Now, the seismic base shear force Fb, is given by 1) Loads on panel zone

From column

Fb S d (T ) m Top:-

S d (T ) Bottom:- Axial force Nc1 = 326 kN

Fb mg Axial force Nc2 = 764 kN

g Moment Mc1 = 89 kN-m

F b S d (T ) W Moment Mc2 = 190 kN-m

Shear force Vc1 = 95 kN

Fb 0 .18 13526 0 .85 Shear force Vc2 = 143 kN

0 . 85 From beam

Left:-

Fb 2069 kN Right:-

m Moment Mbl = 215 kN-m

Also, Horizontal Seismic Coefficient = Moment Mbr = 215 kN-m

Fb Shear force Vbl = 133 kN

m 2069 Shear force Vbr = 133 kN

2) Properties of Section

Fb 13526

Properties of column 2 ISHB450 and beam ISMB 450 are,

m Overall depth of column section dc = 450 mm

Ah 0.153 Overall depth of beam section db = 450 mm

Fb

Thickness of column flange tc f = 13.7 mm

N. Distribution along The Height Thickness of beam flange tbf = 13.7 mm

Moment of inertia of column section Ixx = 740437000 mm4

Distribution of base shear along the storey height for

Area of column section A = 22228 mm2

Eurocode-8 is given as follows

Average of storey height H = 3200 mm

(Refer Table 9)

3) Calculation of Axial Force and Resisting Moments

zi m i Axial force in column

FLO W h Storey Shear

OR (kN) (m)

zimi z i m i (kN) N

764 326

438 kN

2

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Seismic Analysis and Design of Steel Framed Multi-Storied Building

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**Squash load load combinations. Then the design of steel frame is carried
**

250 22228 out according to IS 800 2007.

Ny 5557 kN

1000 B. General Design Procedure

Summation of resisting moments in beam a) According to section steps for the design of beam and

M R ,b

215 215 430 kN-m column are as follows

b) Determine possible loading conditions

4) Shear Force in the Columns c) Compute the factored design load combinations

The shear force in the column evaluated by assuming that d) Member subjected to bending shall be checked for

the zero moment point is located in the middle section of Class of the section

columns is,

Adequacy of section

Vc

M c

89 190

101455 N

Shear strength of section

H db 3200 450 Design capacity of section

Check for deflection

5) Shear Force in Panel Zone

e) Member subjected to combines axial force and bending

Vp

M b

Vc

moment shall be checked for

d t bf Check for bi-axial bending

b

Check for buckling resistance

215 215 10 6

Vp 101455 884106 N C. Load Combinations

450 13 .7 Load combinations according to the Eurocode

6) Thickness of Panel Zone recommendations are as follows

Under the assumption that the shear stress is uniformly 1) 1.5(DL+LL)

distributed in the panel zone, the shear stress develop with in 2) 1.2(DL+LL+EQX)

the panel zone is given by, 3) 1.2(DL+LL-EQX)

Vp 4) 1.2(DL+LL+EQY)

p 5) 1.2(DL+LL-EQY)

d c 2 t cf t p 6) 1.5(DL+EQX)

The average shear stress in the panel zone is given by 7) 1.5(DL-EQX)

8) 1.5(DL+EQY)

p

M b

1

d b t bf

9) 1.5(DL-EQY)

tp d 2 t d

c cf b

t bf H db

10) 0.9DL+1.5EQX

11) 0.9DL-1.5EQX

In order to assume that yielding occurs in the beam 12) 0.9DL+1.5EQY

rather than the panel zone according to the von Mises yield 13) 0.9DL-1.5EQY

criterion, the following condition has to be satisfied.

1

D. Analysis Results

N

2

The building is analyzed in STAAD Pro2006 for the dead,

M

2

d b t bf

R ,b

1 1 live and seismic loads and the results of maximum axial

t p d c 2 t cf d H d b y

t bf N forces, bending moment and shear forces are used for the

b y

design of members.

This provides the design value tp of the panel zone

thickness, including doublers plates, IV. COMPARATIVE STUDY

tp

1 M R ,b

1

d b t bf

The comparative study is carried out from the seismic

1

d 2 t d t bf H db

design of steel frame by using IS1893:2002 and Eurocode-8.

N

2 2 c cf b

** The governing parameters and results for seismic design are
**

y 1

N

y

shown in Table 11.

Sr.

1 884106 mm No Description IS1893:2002 EUROCODE-8

tp 14 . 54

1

450 2 13 . 7 .

438

2 2

144 1 Horizontal Z I S S (T )

5557 acceleratio Ah a Fb d 1

1

n 2 R g g

Required thickness of panel zone is 14.54 mm; therefore the

actual thickness is more and hence safe. coefficient

Design V B Ah W Fb S d (T1 ) m

III. DESIGN USING INTERNATIONAL CODE 2 base

shear(kN) 1704 kN 2069 kN

A. Introduction to IS 800:2007 Base shear

distribution 2 Z imi

In this chapter the frame is analyzed for the seismic forces w i hi Fi Fb

calculated from the equivalent static analysis using IS 1893

2002 (Part 1).Bending moment and shear forces are

3 along the

building w i hi

2 Z imi

calculated using STAAD Pro-2006 as per the IS 800 2007 height

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Seismic Analysis and Design of Steel Framed Multi-Storied Building

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**4th 787 kN 703 kN 4) Time period calculated from EC 8 is more than IS 1893
**

3rd 554 kN 643 kN 2002 (Part 1)

Storey 5) Seismic forces along the storey height are distributed in

4 2n

Shear d 270 kN 443 kN parabolic curvature in IS 1893 2002 (Part 1) instead in

1 st

94 kN 275 kN linear way in the EC 8. So IS 1893 2002 (Part 1) gives

Time well distributed forces along the height as compared to

0 . 09 h 3

period of T T1 C t H 4 EC 8.

5 d 6) Plastic design method is a part of limit state design

building

(Sec) 0.277 sec 0.358 sec which uses the full strength of the material used.

**η = 1 for 5% 10 B. Scope for Future Work
**

6

Damping

viscous damping

0 . 55 In the present study the analysis and design of a four storey

Factor(η) 5

η = 1.4 for 2% 3D frame has been carried out for different codes like IS

1893-2002 (part 1), IS 800-1984 and IS 800-2007, EURO

Zone factor Zone V (Z=0.36) PGA=0.36g CODE 8, EURO CODE 3, EURO CODE 4. The same study

7 can be extended by using different code for concentric

q=f(material, braced frames, eccentric braced frames.

structural

Response R=5(Special

system ) REFERENCES

reduction moment resisting

8 q=5αu/α1=6(SMR

factor frame) [1] Daniel Grecea, Florea Dinu, Dan Dubina (2004)

Steel

frame) “Performance criteria for MR steel frames in seismic

Important Class I=0.8 zones” Journal of Constructional Steel Research vol. 60

Importance building(I)=1.5 Class II=1.0 pg. 739–749

9

factor(I) Other Class III=1.2 [2] Naoki Satake & Haruhiko Yokota (1996), “Evaluation

building(I)=1.0 Class IV=1.4 of vibration properties of high-rise steel buildings using

data of vibration tests and earthquake observations”

Beam-

10

column M C

1 .2

M rc

1 .3

Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial

Aerodynamics vol. 59 pg. 265-282

Strength

ratio

MB M rb [3] Problem adopted from Jain S. K (July 1995), ”A

Proposed Draft for IS:1893 Provisions on Seismic

1.35Gk+1.5Qk

1.5(DL+LL) Design of Buildings; Part II: Commentary and

Load 1.35Gk+1.05Qk ±

1.2(DL+LL±EQ) Examples”, Journal of structural Engineering, Vol. 22,

11 Combinatio 1.5EL

1.5(DL±EQ) pg. 73-90

n Gk=dead load

0.9DL±1.5EQ [4] Robert Levy, Eduard Marianchik, Avigdor Rutenberg &

Qk=live load

Fred Segal (2001), “A simple approach to the seismic

0.004h 0.005h

design of friction damped braced medium-rise frames”,

Storey drift h=height of h=height of

Engineering Structures vol. 23 pg. 250–259

12 limitation building building

[5] Sid Ahmed Meftah, Abdelouahed Tounsi & Adda Bedia

0.0552 m 0.069 m El Abbas (2007), “A simplified approach for seismic

Limit State calculation of a tall building braced by shear walls and

Design Limit State Design

Design thin-walled open section structures ” Engineering

13 Methodolo Design Action ≤

Design Action ≤ Structures vol. 29 pg. 2576–2585

gy Design Strength

Design Strength [6] Qiang Xue & Chia-Wei Wu (2005) “Preliminary

Table 11: Comparisons detailing for displacement-based seismic design of

buildings” Engineering Structures vol. 28 pg. 431–440.

V. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE [7] N. Subramanian, “Design of steel structures“, Oxford

A. General University press 2008

[8] F. M. Mazzolani, V. Piluso, “Theory and Design of

The following conclusions are drawn from the analysis and

Seismic Resistant Steel Frames“, Chapman Hall India.

design of steel framed multi-storied building for IS 1893-

[9] Federico M. Mozzolani “Moment resistant connection

2002 (part 1), IS 800-1984, IS 800-2007, EURO CODE 8,

of steel frames in seismic areas (Design and

EURO CODE 3, EURO CODE 4.

reliability)”, E and FN Spon, Landon.

1) Design criterion for IS 800-2007, EC 3 and EC 4 is

[10] Cem Topkaya & Can Ozan Kurban (2009) “Natural

same.

periods of steel plate shear wall systems “Journal of

2) Composite beam and column requires smaller sections

Constructional Steel Research Vol. 65, pg. 542–551

as compared to normal steel beam column i.e. very

[11] Gautam Mondal and Sudhir K.Jain (2005) “Design of

economical and also reduced dead loads.

non-structural element for buildings: A review of codal

3) The behavior of structure depends on the time period of

provisions” Indian Concrete Journal, August 2005, pp

the structure. Hence the distribution of the seismic

22-28.

forces along the storey height can be done according to

[12] D.A. Nethercot , L. Gardner(2005),“The EC3 approach

the time period of the structure.

to the design of columns, beams and beam-columns”

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**

Seismic Analysis and Design of Steel Framed Multi-Storied Building

(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/106)

**Journal of Steel and composite structures,Vol.5, No.2-3,
**

pp 127-140.

[13] Sudip Paul, C.V.R. Murty, Sudhir K. Jain(2000),”State-

of-the art review of seismic design of steel moment

resisting frames-Part I: General considerations and

stability provisions” Journal of structural engineering,

Vol.27, No.1, April 2000, pp.23-32.

[14] Sudip Paul, C.V.R. Murty , Sudhir K.

Jain,(2000)“State-of-the art review of seismic design

of steel moment resisting frames-Part I: Strength

and Drift criteria” Vol.27, No.2, pp.117-124

[15] BIS, “Indian Standard Criteria for Earthquake Resistant

Design of Structures: Part 1 General Provisions and

Buildings”,IS 1893 (Part 1):2002, Bureau of Indian

Standards, New Delhi.

[16] BIS, “Indian Standard Criteria for general construction

in steel Structures”, IS 800:1984, Bureau of Indian

Standards, New Delhi

[17] EC8 ENV 1998-1-3, “Design of structures for

Earthquake Resistance – Part 1-3: General Rules –

Seismic action and rules for building”, Eurocode-8,

European Committee for Standardization, Brussels,

1998.

[18] EC3 ENV 1993-1-1, “Design of steel structures– Part

1-1: General Rules and rules for building”, Eurocode-

3, British Standards, 1992.

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