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ABSTRACT

:-
This research is to identify the working of ‘Lok
Adalats’. Lok Adalats were introduced by Legal
Services Authorities Act, 1987. Lok Adalats were
established to provide free and competent legal
services to the weaker sections of the society , to
ensure that justice must not be denied to any
citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities.
They were established to reduce the arrears of
pending cases in courts.
Section 12 of the Legal Services Authorities Act
tells us about the people who can attain free legal
services. Lok Adalats deal with civil
cases/matrimonial cases/land and property
disputes and compoundable criminal cases. Their
main focus is on compromise.
No advocate or pleader is allowed even witnesses
are not examined. The disputing parties plead their
cases themselves. The idea of Lok Adalat was
mainly advocated by Justice P.N Bhagwati, a former
Chief Justice of India.
Synopsis
 Lok Adalats were introduced by the Legal
Services Authorities Act 1987.
 Aim:- to provide free legal aid to the weaker
sections of the society and to reduce the
arrears of pending cases in courts.
 Idea was advocated by former Chief Justice P.N
Bhagwati.
 Section 12 of Legal Services Authorities Act
talks about who can avail free legal services.
 Lok Adalats are conducted by:-
 Retired judges
 Social activists
 Members of legal profession
Sittings :-
 Lok Adalats deal with compoundable
criminal offences.
 Lok Adalats focus on compromise.
Where no compromise is the matter
goes back to courts.
 If compromise is reached an award is
made viz; binding on the parties.
 The parties plead cases themselves
without any advocate or pleader.

Merits:-
 Free legal aid to a few sections of
the society.
 Awards are binding. No appeal
can be made.
 Quick remedy is available.
 Both the parties are heard.
Demerits:-
 Not available to everybody.
 Main purpose is to reduce pending cases in
courts.
POWERS:-
They have the same powers as vested in a civil
court under the Code of Criminal Procedure,
1908.
NALSA
SALSA
Legal Services Authorities Act 1987.