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Particle

Gravel Sand Silt Clay


Properties

2mm 0.075mm
Sizes >2mm <0.002mm
0.075mm 0.002mm

Rounded
Flaky in shape,
angular in
Angular in Brown colour, commonly in
Particle shape with
shape, see by see by light brown, see by
Visibility grey colour,
human eye microscope electron
see by human
microscope
eye

Effect with
No effect Yes Yes Yes
Water

Plasticity No No <20 25 - 45

3 3 3 3
Density 1680 kN/ m 1555 kN/ m 1650 kN/ m 1600 kN/ m

3 3 3 3
21.0 kN/ m 20.5 kN/ m 20.05 kN/ m 18.5 kN/ m
Unit Weight
1 2 2.5 1.5

Permeability High Medium to low Very low Impervious

Mechanical
Inelastic Inelastic Inelastic Elastic
Behavior

Shear Strength C>0 C>0 C=0 C=0

Compressibility Incompressible Incompressible Compressible Compressible

APENDIX V : Compositional and Environmental Factor Contribution To Engineering


Properties