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Study Guide Unit 6

1. Define theoretical probability.

2. Define experimental probability.

3. Explain Law of Large Numbers.

4. A bag contains circular chips that are the same size and weight. There are 8
purple, 4 pink, 8 white and 2 blue chips in the bag. What is the probability of
not drawing a purple chip?

5. If 8 out of 10 people prefer grape jelly over apple jelly, how many people out
of 200 people would you predict would prefer grape jelly?

6. Using the spinner below, what is the P(spinning a number
greater than 3)

7. If you flip a quarter, 50 times, about what percent of tosses would you expect
to land tails-side up?

8. Draw a tree diagram to show the possible outcomes of rolling a die and
flipping a coin.
9. Jessica’s girl scouts leader had a bag of blue raspberry, grape, watermelon,
green apple, and cherry jolly ranchers. Each of the 30 scouts is asked to
reach into the bag and choose a jolly rancher. The jolly rancher flavor is
recorded and the jolly rancher is replaced in the bag before the next draw.
The results are below.

Flavor Number of Draws
Blue Raspberry 5
Grape 3
Watermelon 4
Green Apple 8
Cherry 5

Based on these results what is the best prediction of the number of grape and
cherry flavored candies in the bag if it contains 100 jolly ranchers?

10.Terri flips a coin four times. What is the probability that it will land on heads
up all four times?

11.Which is greater: 20% chance of rain, .12 chance of rain, ½ chance of rain, or
2/5 chance of rain.

12.Robin packs 2 jars of jam in a gift box. She has 5 flavors: blueberry, apricot,
grape, peach, and orange. How many different combinations of 2 jars can she

13.You roll a 1-6 number cube twice, what is the probability that you roll a 3 on
the first roll and a 6 on the second roll?
14.A bag of M&Ms contains green, orange, red, and yellow candies. 4 of the

bag contains green and orange candies and of the bag is red candies. What
is the probability of picking out a yellow skittle from this bag?

15.McDonalds is giving away toys in the happy meals and there are five different
toys to collect. If you want to collect all the toys, create a simulation that
could help you estimate the number of times you would need to purchase a
happy meal in order to collect all six toys?

16.An employee at six flags has 2 different pairs of colored pants: khaki and
black, 3 different colored shirts: red, white, and blue, and 2 jackets: navy and
denim. Make a list all the possible unique combinations of a pair of pants, a
shirt, and a jacket that this six flags employee could wear to work. (This is a
table – it’s like a tree diagram because it shows all the outcomes)

17. Vernon tossed a coin 20 times. The results were 8 heads and 12 tails.

What is the experimental probability of tossing heads?
1 2 1 3
A. 8 B. 5 C. 2 D. 5

What is the best comparison between the theoretical and experimental probability of tossing heads?
F. The theoretical probability is greater than the experimental probability.
G. The theoretical probability is less than the experimental probability.
H. The theoretical probability is equal to the experimental probability.
I. The theoretical probability is not related to the experimental probability.
18.Three apples are placed in a paper bag labeled “A”, two red and one green.
Three apples are placed in a paper bag labeled “B”, one red and two green.
An apple is randomly drawn from each bag. What is the probability that both
apples drawn are green?

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