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FOREWORD

These duct construction standards are intended for use by contractors, fabricators and designers of air pollution control,
pneumatic conveyance and industrial ventilation systems.

The 1980 edition of these standards was the first publication dealing with the selection of duct gauge and reinforcement
for rectangular industrial duct systems. While the first edition served industry very well for many years, technology
has continued to evolve and in response to our membership’s request, SMACNA’s Rectangular Industrial Duct
Construction Task Force led a comprehensive review and update of the first edition, resulting in this greatly expanded
and more “user friendly” version of the original publication.

While the new text includes many of the same assumptions as the original work, a number of new features have been
added:

S Six different types of carbon galvanized and aluminized steels
S Seven different types of stainless steel alloys
S Three different types of aluminum alloys
S Consideration of wind, snow, ice, and other loads
S Design check for localized and global modes of side panel buckling
S Design capability for high temperature systems up to 800 °F, and higher with design review by a specialized pro-
fessional.
S New Chapter of practical examples with step−by−step instructions
S New Duct Class 5 − for systems handling corrosives
S Expanded data for the selection of duct supports, fasteners, gaskets and joint sealants
S Accepted Industry Practice for Rectangular Industrial Ducts
S New Chapter on Welding
S New Guide Specification for the fabrication and Installation of industrial duct systems
The Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Task Force is deeply indebted to Doctor Michael C. Soteriades who did
the original work for the first edition and contributed greatly to the improvements and expansion of the technical scope
in the new edition. Likewise, the task force is deeply indebted to Joseph M Plecnik, PhD, P.E. of California State Uni-
versity at Long Beach, who is responsible for the physical testing, finite element analysis (FEA) studies, and design
guidance related to the issue of Non−Linear Elastic Buckling of Duct Side Panels on Rectangular Industrial Duct.

SHEET METAL AND AIR CONDITIONING CONTRACTORS’
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, INC.

Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I−P Second Edition iii

Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w
Thickness, in. 0.0428 0.0538 0.0677 0.0966 0.1116 0.1265 0.1775 0.2400 0.3020 0.3650 0.4900
Weight, in. wg 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.10 1.50 2.00 2.40 2.90 3.90
Panel Width Stiffener Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def.,
W, ft Spacing l, ft in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in.
3.0 6.5 0.23 8.3 0.23 10.6 0.23 15.9 0.22 18.8 0.22 21.8 0.21 33.4 0.20 52.0 0.17 76.5 0.15 108.3 0.13 192.0 0.10
4.0 4.8 0.31 6.1 0.31 7.8 0.30 11.5 0.30 13.5 0.30 15.5 0.30 23.1 0.28 34.1 0.26 47.5 0.23 64.5 0.21 109.7 0.17
5.0 3.8 0.38 4.8 0.38 6.1 0.38 9.0 0.38 10.5 0.38 12.1 0.38 17.8 0.37 25.5 0.35 34.4 0.32 45.1 0.30 73.0 0.25
7.0 6.0 3.1 0.46 4.0 0.46 5.0 0.46 7.4 0.46 8.6 0.46 9.9 0.45 14.4 0.45 20.4 0.43 27.1 0.41 34.7 0.39 53.7 0.34
8.0 2.3 0.61 2.9 0.61 3.7 0.61 5.4 0.61 6.3 0.61 7.2 0.61 10.5 0.61 14.6 0.59 19.1 0.58 23.9 0.56 35.1 0.51
10.0 NA 2.3 0.76 3.0 0.76 4.3 0.76 5.0 0.76 5.7 0.76 8.2 0.76 11.4 0.75 14.8 0.74 18.3 0.73 26.2 0.69
20.0 NA NA NA 2.1 1.52 2.4 1.52 2.8 1.52 3.9 1.53 5.4 1.53 6.9 1.52 9.2 1.52 22.1 1.51
3.0 6.5 0.23 8.3 0.23 10.6 0.23 15.9 0.22 18.8 0.22 21.8 0.21 33.4 0.20 52.0 0.17 76.5 0.15 108.3 0.13 192.0 0.10
4.0 4.8 0.31 6.1 0.31 7.8 0.30 11.5 0.30 13.5 0.30 15.5 0.30 23.1 0.28 34.1 0.26 47.5 0.23 64.5 0.21 109.7 0.17
5.0 3.8 0.38 4.8 0.38 6.1 0.38 9.0 0.38 10.5 0.38 12.1 0.38 17.8 0.37 25.5 0.35 34.4 0.32 45.1 0.30 73.0 0.25
6.0 3.1 0.46 4.0 0.46 5.0 0.46 7.4 0.46 8.6 0.46 9.9 0.45 14.4 0.45 20.4 0.43 27.1 0.41 34.7 0.39 53.7 0.34
8.0 8.0 2.3 0.61 2.9 0.61 3.7 0.61 5.4 0.61 6.3 0.61 7.2 0.61 10.5 0.61 14.6 0.59 19.1 0.58 23.9 0.56 35.1 0.51
10.0 NA 2.3 0.76 3.0 0.76 4.3 0.76 5.0 0.76 5.7 0.76 8.2 0.76 11.4 0.75 14.8 0.74 18.3 0.73 26.2 0.69
12.0 NA NA 2.4 0.91 3.5 0.92 4.1 0.92 4.7 0.92 6.7 0.92 9.3 0.91 12.0 0.90 14.9 0.89 20.9 0.86
16.0 NA NA NA 2.6 1.22 3.0 1.22 3.5 1.22 5.0 1.22 6.8 1.22 8.8 1.22 10.8 1.21 15.0 1.19
20.0 NA NA NA 2.1 1.52 2.4 1.52 2.8 1.52 3.9 1.53 5.4 1.53 6.9 1.52 8.4 1.52 14.6 1.51
3.0 6.5 0.23 8.3 0.23 10.6 0.23 15.9 0.22 18.8 0.22 21.8 0.21 33.4 0.20 52.0 0.17 76.5 0.15 108.3 0.13 192.0 0.10
4.0 4.8 0.31 6.1 0.31 7.8 0.30 11.5 0.30 13.5 0.30 15.5 0.30 23.1 0.28 34.1 0.26 47.5 0.23 64.5 0.21 109.7 0.17
Larger 5.0 3.8 0.38 4.8 0.38 6.1 0.38 9.0 0.38 10.5 0.38 12.1 0.38 17.8 0.37 25.5 0.35 34.4 0.32 45.1 0.30 73.0 0.25
6.0 3.1 0.46 4.0 0.46 5.0 0.46 7.4 0.46 8.6 0.46 9.9 0.45 14.4 0.45 20.4 0.43 27.1 0.41 34.7 0.39 53.7 0.34
Than 8.0
8.0 2.3 0.61 2.9 0.61 3.7 0.61 5.4 0.61 6.3 0.61 7.2 0.61 10.5 0.61 14.6 0.59 19.1 0.58 23.9 0.56 35.1 0.51
Up To
Up T 10.0 NA 2.3 0.76 3.0 0.76 4.3 0.76 5.0 0.76 5.7 0.76 8.2 0.76 11.4 0.75 14.8 0.74 18.3 0.73 26.2 0.69
12.0 12.0 NA NA 2.4 0.91 3.5 0.92 4.1 0.92 4.7 0.92 6.7 0.92 9.3 0.91 12.0 0.90 14.9 0.89 20.9 0.86
16.0 NA NA NA 2.6 1.22 3.0 1.22 3.5 1.22 5.0 1.22 6.8 1.22 8.8 1.22 10.8 1.21 15.0 1.19
20.0 NA NA NA 2.1 1.52 2.4 1.52 2.8 1.52 3.9 1.53 5.4 1.53 6.9 1.52 8.4 1.52 11.7 1.51

Table 6.1−1A.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 4005F (continued)
NOTES:
a. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in. wg) and represent the maximum allowable
operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.5 = 18,350 psi) and a panel deflection
of (ȏ/145). The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.) lists the estimated deflection in inches. These deflection values are relative and approximate. Labo-
ratory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section, the relative thickness of the four sides of the
duct, and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both
direction (in or out), and in magnitude by as much as 100%.
b. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application, and are based on a yield strength

Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition
of 32,000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 Commercial Quality Hot−rolled Sheet (HRS) Steel, and ASTM 283 Hot−rolled Steel Plate in Low and Intermediate
Tensile Strength. For all practical purposes the table values are also valid for other carbon, galvanized and aluminized steels, such as ASTM A1008 Commercial
Quality Cold−rolled Sheet (CRS) Steel, ASTM A653 Galvanized Steel (CQor LFQ), and ASTM A463 Steel Sheet, Aluminum Coated by the Hot−Dip Process,
having a minimum yield strength of 32,000 psi or higher.

6.27
c. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.

COMMERCIAL GR. CS–32 ksi
Panel Pressure Capacity
Class 1 Good to: 4005F

COMMERCIAL GR. CS–32 ksi
Panel Pressure Capacity
Class 2 Good to: 4005F

Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w

6.28
Thickness, in. 0.0428 0.0538 0.0677 0.0966 0.1116 0.1265 0.1775 0.2400 0.3020 0.3650 0.4900
Weight, in. wg 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.10 1.50 2.00 2.40 2.90 3.90
Panel Width Stiffener Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def.,
W, ft Spacing l, ft in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in.
1.0 18.5 0.07 25.4 0.07 35.4 0.06 65.7 0.05 97.0 0.05 123.6 0.04 255.8 0.03 452.5 0.02 762.1 0.02 1121.0 0.01 2002.0 0.01
1.0 2.0 8.5 0.15 11.3 0.15 15.1 0.15 41.8 0.14 56.8 0.12 73.9 0.11 149.7 0.07 278.7 0.05 446.0 0.04 656.0 0.04 1192.4 0.03
Unstiffened 4.9 0.38 10.8 0.38 15.1 0.30 39.8 0.21 54.1 0.18 70.4 0.15 142.6 0.11 265.6 0.08 424.9 0.06 625.1 0.05 1136.1 0.04
1.0 18.5 0.07 25.4 0.07 35.4 0.06 63.7 0.05 83.3 0.05 106.4 0.04 211.6 0.03 394.2 0.02 632.5 0.02 932.2 0.02 1698.4 0.01
2.0 8.5 0.15 11.3 0.15 15.1 0.15 23.7 0.14 28.8 0.13 34.3 0.13 61.2 0.11 119.1 0.08 190.5 0.07 280.2 0.05 509.4 0.04
2.0 3.0 5.5 0.23 7.3 0.23 9.6 0.23 14.8 0.22 17.6 0.22 20.5 0.22 40.3 0.20 79.1 0.15 126.6 0.12 186.2 0.10 338.4 0.07
4.0 4.1 0.31 5.4 0.31 7.0 0.30 10.7 0.30 12.7 0.30 14.7 0.30 35.5 0.28 69.7 0.22 111.5 0.17 164.0 0.14 298.1 0.10
Unstiffened NA NA 2.4 0.63 7.6 0.63 12.1 0.63 14.7 0.62 35.5 0.43 66.4 0.32 106.2 0.25 156.3 0.21 284.0 0.15
1.5 11.7 0.11 15.7 0.11 21.1 0.11 34.4 0.10 42.7 0.09 52.3 0.08 96.4 0.07 175.3 0.05 280.0 0.04 412.5 0.03 752.3 0.03
2.0 8.5 0.15 11.3 0.15 15.1 0.15 23.7 0.14 28.8 0.13 34.3 0.13 58.1 0.11 100.6 0.09 158.1 0.07 231.7 0.06 421.8 0.05
3.0 5.5 0.23 7.3 0.23 9.6 0.23 14.8 0.22 17.6 0.22 20.5 0.22 31.9 0.20 49.9 0.17 84.7 0.15 124.6 0.12 226.4 0.09
3.0 4.0 4.1 0.31 5.4 0.31 7.0 0.30 10.7 0.30 12.7 0.30 14.7 0.30 22.2 0.28 32.9 0.26 56.6 0.24 87.0 0.21 158.1 0.15
5.0 3.2 0.38 4.2 0.38 5.5 0.38 8.4 0.38 9.9 0.38 11.5 0.38 17.1 0.37 28.1 0.35 52.6 0.32 77.4 0.27 140.6 0.20
6.0 2.7 0.46 3.5 0.46 4.6 0.46 6.9 0.46 8.1 0.46 9.4 0.46 13.9 0.45 27.3 0.43 49.6 0.39 72.9 0.32 132.5 0.24
Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.8 0.75 4.2 0.75 12.2 0.75 27.3 0.72 47.2 0.57 69.5 0.47 126.2 0.35
2.0 8.5 0.15 11.3 0.15 15.1 0.15 23.7 0.14 28.8 0.13 34.3 0.13 58.1 0.11 100.6 0.09 158.1 0.07 231.7 0.06 421.8 0.05
3.0 5.5 0.23 7.3 0.23 9.6 0.23 14.8 0.22 17.6 0.22 20.5 0.22 31.9 0.20 49.9 0.17 73.8 0.15 105.0 0.13 187.4 0.10
4.0 4.1 0.31 5.4 0.31 7.0 0.30 10.7 0.30 12.7 0.30 14.7 0.30 22.2 0.28 32.9 0.26 46.1 0.24 67.0 0.21 127.3 0.16
5.0 3.2 0.38 4.2 0.38 5.5 0.38 8.4 0.38 9.9 0.38 11.5 0.38 17.1 0.37 24.7 0.35 33.5 0.33 47.4 0.30 94.6 0.24
40
4.0 6.0 2.7 0.46 3.5 0.46 4.6 0.46 6.9 0.46 8.1 0.46 9.4 0.46 13.9 0.45 19.8 0.43 26.5 0.41 45.0 0.39 84.6 0.30
8.0 NA 2.6 0.61 3.4 0.61 5.1 0.61 6.0 0.61 6.9 0.61 10.1 0.61 14.2 0.60 23.6 0.58 40.7 0.56 74.5 0.42
10.0 NA 2.1 0.76 2.7 0.76 4.0 0.76 4.7 0.76 5.4 0.76 7.9 0.76 12.7 0.75 23.6 0.74 40.1 0.66 72.8 0.49
Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.8 0.75 9.8 0.75 19.8 0.75 35.3 0.75 71.0 0.62
2.0 8.5 0.15 11.3 0.15 15.1 0.15 23.7 0.14 28.8 0.13 34.3 0.13 58.1 0.11 100.6 0.09 158.1 0.07 231.7 0.06 421.8 0.05
3.0 5.5 0.23 7.3 0.23 9.6 0.23 14.8 0.22 17.6 0.22 20.5 0.22 31.9 0.20 49.9 0.17 73.8 0.15 105.0 0.13 187.4 0.10
4.0 4.1 0.31 5.4 0.31 7.0 0.30 10.7 0.30 12.7 0.30 14.7 0.30 22.2 0.28 32.9 0.26 46.1 0.24 62.7 0.21 107.2 0.17
5.0 5.0 3.2 0.38 4.2 0.38 5.5 0.38 8.4 0.38 9.9 0.38 11.5 0.38 17.1 0.37 24.7 0.35 33.5 0.33 44.0 0.30 80.1 0.25
6.0 2.7 0.46 3.5 0.46 4.6 0.46 6.9 0.46 8.1 0.46 9.4 0.46 13.9 0.45 19.8 0.43 26.4 0.41 33.9 0.39 65.4 0.34
10.0 NA 2.1 0.76 2.7 0.76 4.0 0.76 4.7 0.76 5.4 0.76 7.9 0.76 11.1 0.75 14.4 0.74 21.7 0.73 47.7 0.65
Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.0 0.75 8.1 0.75 14.5 0.75 35.4 0.75
2.0 8.5 0.15 11.3 0.15 15.1 0.15 23.7 0.14 28.8 0.13 34.3 0.13 58.1 0.11 100.6 0.09 158.1 0.07 231.7 0.06 421.8 0.05
3.0 5.5 0.23 7.3 0.23 9.6 0.23 14.8 0.22 17.6 0.22 20.5 0.22 31.9 0.20 49.9 0.17 73.8 0.15 105.0 0.13 187.4 0.10
4.0 4.1 0.31 5.4 0.31 7.0 0.30 10.7 0.30 12.7 0.30 14.7 0.30 22.2 0.28 32.9 0.26 46.1 0.24 62.7 0.21 107.2 0.17
5.0 3.2 0.38 4.2 0.38 5.5 0.38 8.4 0.38 9.9 0.38 11.5 0.38 17.1 0.37 24.7 0.35 33.5 0.33 44.0 0.30 71.4 0.25
60
6.0 6.0 2.7 0.46 3.5 0.46 4.6 0.46 6.9 0.46 8.1 0.46 9.4 0.46 13.9 0.45 19.8 0.43 26.4 0.41 33.9 0.39 52.7 0.34

Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition
8.0 NA 2.6 0.61 3.4 0.61 5.1 0.61 6.0 0.61 6.9 0.61 10.1 0.61 14.2 0.60 18.6 0.58 23.5 0.56 34.5 0.52
10.0 NA 2.1 0.76 2.7 0.76 4.0 0.76 4.7 0.76 5.4 0.76 7.9 0.76 11.1 0.75 14.4 0.74 18.0 0.73 30.6 0.69
Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.9 0.75 7.0 0.75 17.1 0.75

Table 6.1−2A.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 4005F

Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w
Thickness, in. 0.0428 0.0538 0.0677 0.0966 0.1116 0.1265 0.1775 0.2400 0.3020 0.3650 0.4900
Weight, in. wg 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.10 1.50 2.00 2.40 2.90 3.90
Panel Width Stiffener Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def.,
W, ft Spacing l, ft in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in.
3.0 5.5 0.23 7.3 0.23 9.6 0.23 14.8 0.22 17.6 0.22 20.5 0.22 31.9 0.20 49.9 0.17 73.8 0.15 105.0 0.13 187.4 0.10
4.0 4.1 0.31 5.4 0.31 7.0 0.30 10.7 0.30 12.7 0.30 14.7 0.30 22.2 0.28 32.9 0.26 46.1 0.24 62.7 0.21 107.2 0.17
5.0 3.2 0.38 4.2 0.38 5.5 0.38 8.4 0.38 9.9 0.38 11.5 0.38 17.1 0.37 24.7 0.35 33.5 0.33 44.0 0.30 71.4 0.25
7.0 6.0 2.7 0.46 3.5 0.46 4.6 0.46 6.9 0.46 8.1 0.46 9.4 0.46 13.9 0.45 19.8 0.43 26.4 0.41 33.9 0.39 52.7 0.34
8.0 NA 2.6 0.61 3.4 0.61 5.1 0.61 6.0 0.61 6.9 0.61 10.1 0.61 14.2 0.60 18.6 0.58 23.5 0.56 34.5 0.52
10.0 NA 2.1 0.76 2.7 0.76 4.0 0.76 4.7 0.76 5.4 0.76 7.9 0.76 11.1 0.75 14.4 0.74 18.0 0.73 25.8 0.69
20.0 NA NA NA NA 2.3 1.52 2.6 1.52 3.8 1.53 5.2 1.53 6.7 1.53 8.7 1.52 21.3 1.51
3.0 5.5 0.23 7.3 0.23 9.6 0.23 14.8 0.22 17.6 0.22 20.5 0.22 31.9 0.20 49.9 0.17 73.8 0.15 105.0 0.13 187.4 0.10
4.0 4.1 0.31 5.4 0.31 7.0 0.30 10.7 0.30 12.7 0.30 14.7 0.30 22.2 0.28 32.9 0.26 46.1 0.24 62.7 0.21 107.2 0.17
5.0 3.2 0.38 4.2 0.38 5.5 0.38 8.4 0.38 9.9 0.38 11.5 0.38 17.1 0.37 24.7 0.35 33.5 0.33 44.0 0.30 71.4 0.25
6.0 2.7 0.46 3.5 0.46 4.6 0.46 6.9 0.46 8.1 0.46 9.4 0.46 13.9 0.45 19.8 0.43 26.4 0.41 33.9 0.39 52.7 0.34
8.0 8.0 NA 2.6 0.61 3.4 0.61 5.1 0.61 6.0 0.61 6.9 0.61 10.1 0.61 14.2 0.60 18.6 0.58 23.5 0.56 34.5 0.52
10.0 NA 2.1 0.76 2.7 0.76 4.0 0.76 4.7 0.76 5.4 0.76 7.9 0.76 11.1 0.75 14.4 0.74 18.0 0.73 25.8 0.69
12.0 NA NA 2.2 0.91 3.3 0.91 3.9 0.92 4.5 0.92 6.5 0.92 9.1 0.91 11.8 0.90 14.6 0.89 20.6 0.86
16.0 NA NA NA 2.5 1.22 2.9 1.22 3.3 1.22 4.8 1.22 6.6 1.22 8.6 1.22 10.6 1.21 14.8 1.19
20.0 NA NA NA NA 2.3 1.52 2.6 1.52 3.8 1.53 5.2 1.53 6.7 1.53 8.3 1.52 14.1 1.51
3.0 5.5 0.23 7.3 0.23 9.6 0.23 14.8 0.22 17.6 0.22 20.5 0.22 31.9 0.20 49.9 0.17 73.8 0.15 105.0 0.13 187.4 0.10
4.0 4.1 0.31 5.4 0.31 7.0 0.30 10.7 0.30 12.7 0.30 14.7 0.30 22.2 0.28 32.9 0.26 46.1 0.24 62.7 0.21 107.2 0.17
Larger 5.0 3.2 0.38 4.2 0.38 5.5 0.38 8.4 0.38 9.9 0.38 11.5 0.38 17.1 0.37 24.7 0.35 33.5 0.33 44.0 0.30 71.4 0.25
6.0 2.7 0.46 3.5 0.46 4.6 0.46 6.9 0.46 8.1 0.46 9.4 0.46 13.9 0.45 19.8 0.43 26.4 0.41 33.9 0.39 52.7 0.34
Than
8.0 NA 2.6 0.61 3.4 0.61 5.1 0.61 6.0 0.61 6.9 0.61 10.1 0.61 14.2 0.60 18.6 0.58 23.5 0.56 34.5 0.52
88.0
0UUp
pT To 10.0 NA 2.1 0.76 2.7 0.76 4.0 0.76 4.7 0.76 5.4 0.76 7.9 0.76 11.1 0.75 14.4 0.74 18.0 0.73 25.8 0.69
12.0 12.0 NA NA 2.2 0.91 3.3 0.91 3.9 0.92 4.5 0.92 6.5 0.92 9.1 0.91 11.8 0.90 14.6 0.89 20.6 0.86
16.0 NA NA NA 2.5 1.22 2.9 1.22 3.3 1.22 4.8 1.22 6.6 1.22 8.6 1.22 10.6 1.21 14.8 1.19
20.0 NA NA NA NA 2.3 1.52 2.6 1.52 3.8 1.53 5.2 1.53 6.7 1.53 8.3 1.52 11.5 1.51

Table 6.1−2A.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 4005F (continued)
NOTES:
a. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in. wg) and represent the maximum allowable
operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.5 = 18,350 psi) and a panel deflection
of (ȏ/145). The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.) lists the estimated deflection in inches. These deflection values are relative and approximate. Labo-
ratory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section, the relative thickness of the four sides of the
duct, and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both
direction (in or out), and in magnitude by as much as 100%.
b. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application, and are based on a yield strength

Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition
of 32,000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 Commercial Quality Hot−rolled Sheet (HRS) Steel, and ASTM 283 Hot−rolled Steel Plate in Low and Intermediate
Tensile Strength. For all practical purposes the table values are also valid for other carbon, galvanized and aluminized steels, such as ASTM A1008 Commercial
Quality Cold−rolled Sheet (CRS) Steel, ASTM A653 Galvanized Steel (CQor LFQ), and ASTM A463 Steel Sheet, Aluminum Coated by the Hot−Dip Process,
having a minimum yield strength of 32,000 psi or higher.

6.29
c. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.

COMMERCIAL GR. CS–32 ksi
Panel Pressure Capacity
Class 2 Good to: 4005F

COMMERCIAL GR. CS–32 ksi
Panel Pressure Capacity
Class 3 Good to: 4005F

Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w

6.30
Thickness, in. 0.0428 0.0538 0.0677 0.0966 0.1116 0.1265 0.1775 0.2400 0.3020 0.3650 0.4900
Weight, in. wg 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.10 1.50 2.00 2.40 2.90 3.90
Panel Width Stiffener Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def.,
W, ft Spacing l, ft in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in.
1.0 20.3 0.07 29.4 0.07 59.3 0.06 82.1 0.05 110.1 0.04 231.5 0.03 407.6 0.02 721.4 0.02 1071.6 0.01 1904.4 0.01
1.0 2.0 9.3 0.15 12.9 0.15 31.7 0.14 48.5 0.13 64.4 0.11 136.1 0.08 260.0 0.06 422.2 0.04 627.1 0.04 1153.3 0.03
Unstiffened 6.2 0.38 12.9 0.35 31.7 0.23 46.2 0.19 61.4 0.17 129.6 0.11 247.7 0.08 402.3 0.06 597.5 0.05 1098.9 0.04
1.0 20.3 0.07 29.4 0.07 54.7 0.06 72.4 0.05 93.6 0.05 192.4 0.03 367.6 0.02 598.6 0.02 891.0 0.02 1642.5 0.01
2.0 9.3 0.15 12.9 0.15 21.2 0.14 26.0 0.14 31.2 0.13 53.8 0.11 111.1 0.09 180.4 0.07 267.9 0.06 492.7 0.04
2.0 3.0 6.0 0.23 8.3 0.23 13.3 0.22 16.1 0.22 18.9 0.22 34.9 0.20 73.8 0.16 119.8 0.13 178.0 0.10 327.4 0.08
4.0 4.4 0.31 6.1 0.31 9.7 0.30 11.6 0.30 13.6 0.30 31.8 0.29 65.0 0.22 105.5 0.18 156.8 0.14 288.3 0.11
Unstiffened NA NA 5.8 0.63 9.5 0.63 13.6 0.63 31.8 0.46 61.9 0.33 100.6 0.26 149.4 0.21 274.7 0.16
1.5 12.7 0.11 17.9 0.11 30.4 0.10 38.1 0.09 47.0 0.09 88.3 0.07 163.7 0.05 265.0 0.04 394.2 0.04 727.5 0.03
2.0 9.3 0.15 12.9 0.15 21.2 0.14 26.0 0.14 31.2 0.13 53.8 0.11 94.3 0.09 149.8 0.07 221.5 0.06 407.9 0.05
3.0 6.0 0.23 8.3 0.23 13.3 0.22 16.1 0.22 18.9 0.22 30.0 0.20 47.3 0.18 78.1 0.15 119.1 0.13 219.0 0.09
3.0 4.0 4.4 0.31 6.1 0.31 9.7 0.30 11.6 0.30 13.6 0.30 21.0 0.29 31.4 0.26 52.2 0.24 82.6 0.21 152.9 0.16
5.0 3.5 0.38 4.8 0.38 7.6 0.38 9.1 0.38 10.6 0.38 16.2 0.37 25.3 0.35 49.4 0.33 74.0 0.27 136.0 0.20
6.0 2.9 0.46 4.0 0.46 6.2 0.46 7.5 0.46 8.7 0.46 13.1 0.45 24.6 0.43 46.9 0.40 69.7 0.32 128.1 0.24
Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.2 0.75 3.4 0.75 10.5 0.75 24.6 0.74 44.7 0.58 66.4 0.48 122.1 0.35
2.0 9.3 0.15 12.9 0.15 21.2 0.14 26.0 0.14 31.2 0.13 53.8 0.11 94.3 0.09 149.8 0.07 221.5 0.06 407.9 0.05
3.0 6.0 0.23 8.3 0.23 13.3 0.22 16.1 0.22 18.9 0.22 30.0 0.20 47.3 0.18 70.4 0.15 100.6 0.13 181.3 0.10
4.0 4.4 0.31 6.1 0.31 9.7 0.30 11.6 0.30 13.6 0.30 21.0 0.29 31.4 0.26 44.2 0.24 62.6 0.21 123.2 0.17
5.0 3.5 0.38 4.8 0.38 7.6 0.38 9.1 0.38 10.6 0.38 16.2 0.37 23.7 0.35 32.2 0.33 44.3 0.30 91.5 0.25
40
4.0 6.0 2.9 0.46 4.0 0.46 6.2 0.46 7.5 0.46 8.7 0.46 13.1 0.45 19.0 0.43 25.5 0.42 42.1 0.39 81.8 0.30
8.0 2.2 0.61 2.9 0.61 4.6 0.61 5.5 0.61 6.4 0.61 9.5 0.61 13.7 0.60 21.7 0.58 38.0 0.56 72.1 0.43
10.0 NA 2.3 0.76 3.6 0.76 4.3 0.76 5.0 0.76 7.5 0.76 11.5 0.76 21.7 0.75 38.0 0.67 70.4 0.50
Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.3 0.75 8.8 0.75 18.2 0.75 33.0 0.75 68.7 0.63
2.0 9.3 0.15 12.9 0.15 21.2 0.14 26.0 0.14 31.2 0.13 53.8 0.11 94.3 0.09 149.8 0.07 221.5 0.06 407.9 0.05
3.0 6.0 0.23 8.3 0.23 13.3 0.22 16.1 0.22 18.9 0.22 30.0 0.20 47.3 0.18 70.4 0.15 100.6 0.13 181.3 0.10

BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS
18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO
4.0 4.4 0.31 6.1 0.31 9.7 0.30 11.6 0.30 13.6 0.30 21.0 0.29 31.4 0.26 44.2 0.24 60.4 0.21 103.9 0.17
5.0 5.0 3.5 0.38 4.8 0.38 7.6 0.38 9.1 0.38 10.6 0.38 16.2 0.37 23.7 0.35 32.2 0.33 42.6 0.30 76.2 0.25
6.0 2.9 0.46 4.0 0.46 6.2 0.46 7.5 0.46 8.7 0.46 13.1 0.45 19.0 0.43 25.5 0.42 32.9 0.39 62.4 0.34
10.0 NA 2.3 0.76 3.6 0.76 4.3 0.76 5.0 0.76 7.5 0.76 10.7 0.76 14.0 0.75 20.3 0.73 46.1 0.67
Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.6 0.75 7.5 0.75 13.5 0.75 33.7 0.75
2.0 9.3 0.15 12.9 0.15 21.2 0.14 26.0 0.14 31.2 0.13 53.8 0.11 94.3 0.09 149.8 0.07 221.5 0.06 407.9 0.05
3.0 6.0 0.23 8.3 0.23 13.3 0.22 16.1 0.22 18.9 0.22 30.0 0.20 47.3 0.18 70.4 0.15 100.6 0.13 181.3 0.10
4.0 4.4 0.31 6.1 0.31 9.7 0.30 11.6 0.30 13.6 0.30 21.0 0.29 31.4 0.26 44.2 0.24 60.4 0.21 103.9 0.17
5.0 3.5 0.38 4.8 0.38 7.6 0.38 9.1 0.38 10.6 0.38 16.2 0.37 23.7 0.35 32.2 0.33 42.6 0.30 69.4 0.25
60
6.0 6.0 2.9 0.46 4.0 0.46 6.2 0.46 7.5 0.46 8.7 0.46 13.1 0.45 19.0 0.43 25.5 0.42 32.9 0.39 51.3 0.34

Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition
8.0 2.2 0.61 2.9 0.61 4.6 0.61 5.5 0.61 6.4 0.61 9.5 0.61 13.7 0.60 18.1 0.58 22.8 0.56 33.7 0.52
10.0 NA 2.3 0.76 3.6 0.76 4.3 0.76 5.0 0.76 7.5 0.76 10.7 0.76 14.0 0.75 17.5 0.73 29.1 0.69
Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.6 0.75 6.5 0.75 16.3 0.75

Table 6.1−3A.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 4005F

Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w
Thickness, in. 0.0428 0.0538 0.0677 0.0966 0.1116 0.1265 0.1775 0.2400 0.3020 0.3650 0.4900
Weight, in. wg 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.10 1.50 2.00 2.40 2.90 3.90
Panel Width Stiffener Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def., Pr., Def.,
W, ft Spacing l, ft in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in. in. wg in.
3.0 6.0 0.23 8.3 0.23 13.3 0.22 16.1 0.22 18.9 0.22 30.0 0.20 47.3 0.18 70.4 0.15 100.6 0.13 181.3 0.10
4.0 4.4 0.31 6.1 0.31 9.7 0.30 11.6 0.30 13.6 0.30 21.0 0.29 31.4 0.26 44.2 0.24 60.4 0.21 103.9 0.17
5.0 3.5 0.38 4.8 0.38 7.6 0.38 9.1 0.38 10.6 0.38 16.2 0.37 23.7 0.35 32.2 0.33 42.6 0.30 69.4 0.25
7.0 6.0 2.9 0.46 4.0 0.46 6.2 0.46 7.5 0.46 8.7 0.46 13.1 0.45 19.0 0.43 25.5 0.42 32.9 0.39 51.3 0.34
8.0 2.2 0.61 2.9 0.61 4.6 0.61 5.5 0.61 6.4 0.61 9.5 0.61 13.7 0.60 18.1 0.58 22.8 0.56 33.7 0.52
10.0 NA 2.3 0.76 3.6 0.76 4.3 0.76 5.0 0.76 7.5 0.76 10.7 0.76 14.0 0.75 17.5 0.73 25.2 0.69
20.0 NA NA NA 2.1 1.52 2.4 1.52 3.6 1.53 5.1 1.53 6.5 1.53 8.2 1.52 20.2 1.51
3.0 6.0 0.23 8.3 0.23 13.3 0.22 16.1 0.22 18.9 0.22 30.0 0.20 47.3 0.18 70.4 0.15 100.6 0.13 181.3 0.10
4.0 4.4 0.31 6.1 0.31 9.7 0.30 11.6 0.30 13.6 0.30 21.0 0.29 31.4 0.26 44.2 0.24 60.4 0.21 103.9 0.17
5.0 3.5 0.38 4.8 0.38 7.6 0.38 9.1 0.38 10.6 0.38 16.2 0.37 23.7 0.35 32.2 0.33 42.6 0.30 69.4 0.25
6.0 2.9 0.46 4.0 0.46 6.2 0.46 7.5 0.46 8.7 0.46 13.1 0.45 19.0 0.43 25.5 0.42 32.9 0.39 51.3 0.34
8.0 8.0 2.2 0.61 2.9 0.61 4.6 0.61 5.5 0.61 6.4 0.61 9.5 0.61 13.7 0.60 18.1 0.58 22.8 0.56 33.7 0.52
10.0 NA 2.3 0.76 3.6 0.76 4.3 0.76 5.0 0.76 7.5 0.76 10.7 0.76 14.0 0.75 17.5 0.73 25.2 0.69
12.0 NA NA 3.0 0.91 3.6 0.92 4.1 0.92 6.2 0.92 8.7 0.91 11.4 0.90 14.2 0.89 20.2 0.86
16.0 NA NA 2.2 1.22 2.7 1.22 3.1 1.22 4.5 1.22 6.4 1.22 8.3 1.22 10.3 1.21 14.5 1.19
20.0 NA NA NA 2.1 1.52 2.4 1.52 3.6 1.53 5.1 1.53 6.5 1.53 8.1 1.52 13.4 1.51
3.0 6.0 0.23 8.3 0.23 13.3 0.22 16.1 0.22 18.9 0.22 30.0 0.20 47.3 0.18 70.4 0.15 100.6 0.13 181.3 0.10
4.0 4.4 0.31 6.1 0.31 9.7 0.30 11.6 0.30 13.6 0.30 21.0 0.29 31.4 0.26 44.2 0.24 60.4 0.21 103.9 0.17

BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS
Larger 5.0 3.5 0.38 4.8 0.38 7.6 0.38 9.1 0.38 10.6 0.38 16.2 0.37 23.7 0.35 32.2 0.33 42.6 0.30 69.4 0.25

18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO
6.0 2.9 0.46 4.0 0.46 6.2 0.46 7.5 0.46 8.7 0.46 13.1 0.45 19.0 0.43 25.5 0.42 32.9 0.39 51.3 0.34
Than 8.0
8.0 2.2 0.61 2.9 0.61 4.6 0.61 5.5 0.61 6.4 0.61 9.5 0.61 13.7 0.60 18.1 0.58 22.8 0.56 33.7 0.52
Up To
Up T 10.0 NA 2.3 0.76 3.6 0.76 4.3 0.76 5.0 0.76 7.5 0.76 10.7 0.76 14.0 0.75 17.5 0.73 25.2 0.69
12.0 12.0 NA NA 3.0 0.91 3.6 0.92 4.1 0.92 6.2 0.92 8.7 0.91 11.4 0.90 14.2 0.89 20.2 0.86
16.0 NA NA 2.2 1.22 2.7 1.22 3.1 1.22 4.5 1.22 6.4 1.22 8.3 1.22 10.3 1.21 14.5 1.19
20.0 NA NA NA 2.1 1.52 2.4 1.52 3.6 1.53 5.1 1.53 6.5 1.53 8.1 1.52 11.3 1.51

Table 6.1−3A.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 4005F (continued)
NOTES:
a. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in. wg) and represent the maximum allowable
operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.5 = 18,350 psi) and a panel deflection
of (ȏ/145). The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.) lists the estimated deflection in inches. These deflection values are relative and approximate. Labo-
ratory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section, the relative thickness of the four sides of the
duct, and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both
direction (in or out), and in magnitude by as much as 100%.
b. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application, and are based on a yield strength

Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition
of 32,000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 Commercial Quality Hot−rolled Sheet (HRS) Steel, and ASTM 283 Hot−rolled Steel Plate in Low and Intermediate
Tensile Strength. For all practical purposes the table values are also valid for other carbon, galvanized and aluminized steels, such as ASTM A1008 Commercial
Quality Cold−rolled Sheet (CRS) Steel, ASTM A653 Galvanized Steel (CQor LFQ), and ASTM A463 Steel Sheet, Aluminum Coated by the Hot−Dip Process,
having a minimum yield strength of 32,000 psi or higher.

6.31
c. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.

COMMERCIAL GR. CS–32 ksi
Panel Pressure Capacity
Class 3 Good to: 4005F

12 86.30 19.9 0.14 27.6 0.07 252.4 0.8 0. Pr.60 62.9 0.14 48.26 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 6.9 0.44 24.2 0.4 0.35 30.2 0.15 18.30 12. Pr.38 15.4 0.51 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.15 22.6 0.7 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.11 313.40 0. wg in.09 78.33 42.18 66.8 0.7 0.37 22.6 0.0 0.0 3.7 0.29 29. wg in.3 0.5 0.8 0.38 8.15 18.0 0.1 0.7 0.01 2.3 0.7 0.2 0.6 0. in.22 99.9 0.30 12.44 10.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.7 0.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 4005F .6 0.0 0.8 0.4900 Weight.76 10.49 117.0 4.8 0.22 263.7 0.38 23.05 3.9 0.22 17.9 0.6 0.5 0.01 1..02 1011.07 149.0 3.4 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.22 17.2 0.06 390.20 44.76 10. 1..59 35.0 3.9 0. Pr.10 1.1 0.3 0.31 8.20 44. in.0 0.9 0.40 78.17 5.9 0.3 0.9 0.17 111.76 7. Def.27 141.3 0.05 191..16 95.0 0.8 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.46 6.13 173.0 0.8 0.3 0.23 11.46 6.4 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.46 12.4 0. Pr.6 0.75 35.0 10.8 0.4 0.30 19.1 0.06 60.0 0. in.6 0.8 0.26 60 6.2 0.22 27.14 53.61 8.6 0.9 0.8 0.0 0.75 7.20 44.10 40.3 0.15 22.26 37.46 12.4 0.2 0.5 0.12 86.0 22.9 0.08 237.61 13. Def.0 3.75 16.63 6.0 0.3 0. Pr.1 0.24 78.7 0.1 0.6 0. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 4005F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.3 0.2 0..0677 0.3 0.3 0.1−4A.0 2.13 173.0 6. Def.7 0.29 29..21 6.2 0.14 27.6 0.7 0.50 0.18 5.1 0.4 0. Pr.05 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS 3.76 4.7 0. in.9 0.05 3. wg in.12 86.64 2.38 9.04 1105.0 NA 3.7 0.6 0.31 8.46 6.27 46.3 0.30 10.3 0.9 0.0 0. wg 0.5 0.0 0.09 168.15 22.6 0.18 74.0 0.22 17.1 0.61 4.5 0.24 60.0 6.08 209.75 31.25 40 4. wg in.35 30.34 93.0 6.4 0.33 69.2400 0.2 0.6 0.2 0..6 0.1 0.06 247.3 0.4 0.76 4.8 0..8 0.9 0.61 5.30 10. in.76 7.7 0..70 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.49 56.0428 0.27 41.09 139.90 3.04 697.4 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.8 0. Def.6 0.60 19.8 0.9 0.10 4.6 0.61 13.22 99.61 4.76 3.44 24.0 6.2 0.15 18.04 1.02 1574.7 0. ft Spacing l.31 8.46 6.38 15.2 0.8 0.4 0.0 22.0 NA 3.10 32.76 4.6 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.0 4.0 0.11 Unstiffened NA 3.46 7..31 8.0966 0.8 0..4 0.76 10.38 6.02 672. Def.2 0.2 0..76 3.3 0.75 65.45 18.6 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.30 26.7 0.06 472.0 3.3 0.9 0.45 18.03 2.4 0.76 7.. COMMERCIAL GR.46 5.40 49. W.14 48.9 0.18 66.30 10.2 0.22 118.5 0.05 3. Def. Pr.. Def.0 3.15 22.7 0.6 0.35 10.0 2.16 95.2 0.1 0.4 0. Def.9 0.44 24.3 0.1775 0.0 0.46 5.12 86.6 0.35 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8. 0.75 41.69 67. in. wg in.3 0.07 44.60 0.4 0.7 0..38 8.13 173.2 0.30 19.18 114.0 6.08 209.0 10.42 31.5 0.76 19.0 0.75 2.9 0.23 11. in.32 Thickness.13 209. wg in.7 0.3 0.40 2.08 209.7 0.15 37.09 139.6 0.46 5.1 0.6 0.01 1786.9 0. Pr.6 0.29 59.6 0.22 27.2 0. Pr.38 8.23 14.9 0.2 0.44 43.8 0.75 30.0 0. in.8 0.50 2.9 0. in.4 0.31 87.0 0.63 26.05 169.0 0.3 0.06 60.37 22.42 31.6 0.30 10.6 0.4 0.00 2.20 67.22 28.2 0.38 8.31 74.02 840.18 148.0 NA 3.0 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.3 0.05 79.8 0.07 563.9 0. wg in.7 0.0 0.76 13.08 209.2 0.04 2.03 Unstiffened 8.0 10.6 0.2 0.2 0.40 60.2 0.75 Table 6.4 0.76 13.7 0.61 4.23 98.0 0.9 0.30 12.31 8.0 5.4 0. in..14 27.6 0.0 0.0 10.4 0.9 0..18 66.73 44.7 0.11 25.1 0.38 9.23 14.8 0.2 0.75 8.6 0.0 0.05 591.63 11.06 390.15 22.9 0.04 372.36 2.9 0.38 15.6 0.38 15.9 0.29 29.15 18.00 1.22 27.1265 0. wg in.07 44.46 7.2 0.14 27.23 14. Def.4 0.5 0.6 0.22 146.75 6.46 7.2 0.28 130.16 95. ft in.24 57.14 48.1 0.3 0.27 41.15 276.42 39.3650 0. in.30 19.46 7.33 40.0 0.0 6.0 0.38 9.03 557.06 393.10 3.61 8.0 4.4 0.5 0.2 0.05 91.4 0.09 139.2 0.38 9.4 0.16 112.1 0.06 390.37 22.75 15.0 10..9 0.46 12.3 0.1 0.09 139.12 226.10 4.4 0.9 0.8 0.20 44.3 0.76 3.13 168.21 51.27 41.8 0. wg in.59 22.31 8.45 22.61 5.23 11.75 18..12 100.8 0.0 0.22 17.2 0.14 48.0 4.45 18.8 0.05 1053.0 2.8 0.23 11.23 14.3 0.33 122..4 0.7 0.9 0.3020 0.5 0.15 23.6 0.06 390.12 119.9 0.7 0.8 0.38 6.1 0.38 6.8 0.8 0.0 4.1 0. wg in.9 0.7 0.57 69.6 0.4 0.9 0.2 0.29 29.16 1. Pr.0 0.30 12.7 0.61 4.0538 0. wg in.2 0. Def.0 0.18 5.0 0.9 0.33 40.2 0.24 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.46 5.8 0.75 12.7 0.2 0.14 27.30 10.23 11.5 0.22 27.0 3.75 6.7 0.0 6.31 66.41 65.52 10.15 18.2 0.0 3.6 0.23 14.1 0.24 57.8 0.35 44.2 0.03 335.46 12.0 3..0 0. in.2 0.80 1.37 22.0 4.0 0.0 0.6 0.35 30.03 405.16 5.22 17.9 0.5 14.30 12.75 22.1116 0..9 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.08 4.73 27.9 0.0 10.57 32.60 17.14 48..68 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.1 0. Def.75 17.10 4.38 6.3 0.09 374.

0 4.23 14.4 0. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.9 0.0 NA 2..22 99.8 1.76 3. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.53 6.8 1.18 66.33 40.4 0.75 17.61 4. Def.8 0.46 6.30 19.6 0.13 173.7 0.10 4..27 41.35 8.0 1.61 4.46 6.0428 0.0 3.50 0.6 0.9 0.0966 0..4 0.1−4A.6 0.24 57. in.0 NA NA 2.1 1.0 4. Pr.0 NA 3.8 1.76 7.75 17.46 5.3 0.33 40.0 12.52 10. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).5 0.42 31.22 2.6 0.76 10.0677 0. in. in.91 3.0 0.0 0. Pr.61 13.35 30..9 0.8 0.18 5. Aluminum Coated by the Hot−Dip Process.46 7.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.0 4. These deflection values are relative and approximate.6 0. having a minimum yield strength of 32.53 7.8 0.0 0. Pr.18 Larger 5.61 5.9 0.5 = 18.6 0.87 16.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 4005F (continued) NOTES: a.46 12.0538 0.35 30..29 29.38 8. wg in.61 4. wg in.10 1.1 1.44 24.52 12.2 1.0 0.76 13. Pr.8 0.3 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.76 10.1 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.2 0.9 0.6 1.4 0.0 0.9 0.76 3. in.4 0.8 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.33 c.30 10.45 18.29 29.2 1.5 0. in. Def.91 13.2 1.0 1.2 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0..61 8.1 0.91 11.46 12.0 NA NA NA 2.0 0.9 0.40 2.6 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.4 0.21 14.73 24.0 NA 2. in.6 0.50 2.0 2. Def.4 0.8 1.22 27.23 11.40 49.8 1.0 3..1 0.0 NA 3.2 0.37 22.30 19.22 4..24 57.0 2.3020 0. in.38 15. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.0 8.0 0.5 0.5 0. in.6 0.6 0.6 0.2400 0. Def.51 3.6 0. galvanized and aluminized steels.75 17.91 13.. Def.3 1.35 Than 8.92 5.91 11.0 NA NA 2. Pr.4 0.52 19..5 0.22 17.45 18. Def.8 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.70 20.38 6. 3.3 0.52 4.0 0.91 3.00 1.61 8.10 4.0 NA NA NA 2.18 5.22 99.9 0.46 7.76 4.7 0.4 1.6 0.8 0.0 0.76 4.80 1.52 3.0 6.23 14. Pr..4 0.000 psi or higher.4 0.38 15.23 11.. b.3 1.2 0.31 66.22 10.59 22.4 0.9 0.2 1.40 0.0 3. wg in.7 0. Pr.76 13. Pr.4 1.2 1. and ASTM 283 Hot−rolled Steel Plate in Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength.0 0.60 17.1 0.37 22.3 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.31 66.6 0.0 6.20 44.2 0.9 0.70 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 12.8 1.18 66.0 NA 3. For all practical purposes the table values are also valid for other carbon.8 0.. wg in.20 44. 6.26 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS 6..2 0.76 7..61 13.30 12.42 31. wg 0.2 0.8 0.22 99.38 8.2 0.9 0.1 0. and are based on a yield strength Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition of 32.1 0.2 0. wg in.90 19. Def.9 0.38 9.1 0.0 0.0 6.0 3.44 24.30 10.4 0.1 0.31 8.9 0.52 3.29 29.0 0.38 9.4 0.91 3. Pr.59 22.22 10.2 0.9 0.0 1..9 0. wg in.4 0.6 0.4 0..21 14.4 1.30 12.3650 0.8 0.8 1.9 0.6 0.2 0..1265 0.40 49.22 6.4 1.3 1.2 0.38 8. ft in.0 0.0 6.8 1.4 1.76 13.6 0.6 0.51 3..00 2.0 2.87 16.13 173.6 0.61 5.6 0. and ASTM A463 Steel Sheet.61 4.91 3.350 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).8 0.61 13.8 0.30 12.2 0.0 0UUp pT To 10.5 0.51 Table 6.24 57. Pr.46 6.31 8.0 0.57 32.26 6.61 4.19 20.70 12.9 0.33 40.18 66.76 3. W.7 0.9 0.44 24.38 9.8 0.4 0.22 27.73 24.10 4.7 0.9 0.0 1.3 0.22 17.60 0.3 0.3 0. in.3 1.53 7.2 0.53 7.4 0.9 0.16 95.57 32.2 0.23 14.2 0.8 0.76 4.20 44.92 8.52 4.8 0.19 20.46 7.73 24.3 1.46 12.22 6. wg in.0 1.2 0.1116 0.90 19.0 0.6 0.38 6.2 0.37 22.61 4. COMMERCIAL GR.6 0.4 0.0 3.3 0.46 5.40 49. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.3 0.53 6.30 10.0 0. ft Spacing l.52 11..1775 0.9 0.35 8.6 0.31 66. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 4005F . Def.52 10.6 0.4 0.0 NA NA NA 2.38 6.27 41.22 4.92 8.0 0.9 0.22 8.31 8.2 0.16 95.9 0.27 41. Def.61 8. Def. such as ASTM A1008 Commercial Quality Cold−rolled Sheet (CRS) Steel. ASTM A653 Galvanized Steel (CQor LFQ).4900 Weight.57 32.60 17.76 10. 0.7 0.23 11. in.9 0.46 5.45 18..0 0.0 0.35 30. Def.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 Commercial Quality Hot−rolled Sheet (HRS) Steel.42 31.13 173.8 0.0 1.53 6.26 7. wg in. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.0 0.16 95.22 2. Labo- ratory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.90 3.4 0.22 17.52 88.59 22.38 15.6 0. in.8 0.22 27. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.22 8.61 5.60 17.8 0.76 7. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct..3 0.52 4.0 0.2 0.6 0. wg in.0 3.7 0. wg in. in. wg in.52 3.30 19.92 5.9 0.

2 0.18 42.63 9.9 0. Pr.9 0.21 14.00 1.2 0.2 0.6 0.42 16.3 0.12 50.0 0. Pr.09 233.3 0.34 20.43 4.8 0.35 14.75 10.21 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.36 3.5 0.57 5..50 2.11 160.9 0.5 0.1265 0.3 0.30 36.10 104.06 200.33 63.21 8.6 0.27 69.3 0.0 0.26 27.35 14.09 4.14 13. Def.4 0.1 0.07 166. wg in.21 40 4.59 14.05 388.8 0.72 6.22 6.2 0.29 9.7 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.35 9.75 26.1 0.40 24.43 6.20 26.5 0.0 0.09 Unstiffened NA NA 3.0 8.3 0.72 3.7 0.9 0.75 33.1 0.75 6.13 24.1 0.28 10.5 0.2 0. Def.71 11.30 10. Def.2 0.2 0.36 7.8 0. in.6 0.0 5. in.9 0.36 8.4 0.15 141.75 2.3 0.43 3.3 0.21 8.7 0.04 3.21 14.3 0.30 42.05 362.56 15.36 3.36 8.5 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.13 90.21 12.7 0.28 18. wg in.18 243.02 551.6 0.57 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.1 0.37 58.4 0.11 194.7 0.13 107.4 0. ft Spacing l.4 0. 1.9 0.38 40.9 0.0 0.8 0.68 27.5 0.0966 0.28 18.9 0.24 38.8 0.1 0.0 0.04 3.80 1.29 4.4 0.26 8. Def.03 229. wg in.28 12.15 63.75 11.40 0.28 10.7 0.1 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.40 21. in.13 5.3 0.36 5.06 200.6 0.29 4.0 0.27 60.7 0.02 664.2 0.12 255.21 53.10 14.72 6.06 64.01 1.7 0.5 0.3 0.08 137.69 34.71 11.1 0.43 6.9 0.8 0.7 0.1 0..9 0.35 45.2 0. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.0 3.01 1748. in. Def.3 0.7 0.72 3.54 35.5 0.6 0.0 0.43 8.9 0.0 5.29 9.68 40. wg in.0 0.01 2.1 0.5 0.19 91.12 30. in.35 9.0677 0.32 27.9 0.43 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 4. COMMERCIAL GR.09 290.0 0.49 60.3 0.26 28.9 0.0 2.14 10.04 567.21 53.1 0.75 8.4900 Weight.2 0. wg in.3 0.3 0.0 0.20 17.6 0.19 91.9 0..6 0.21 14.7 0.28 18.8 0.8 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.0 5.27 92.5 0.9 0.2 0.03 1.30 18.9 0.1 0.20 26.0 3.36 5.11 160.9 0.42 16.28 18.7 0.5 0.0 0.54 19.06 34.13 1.75 19.28 10.14 5.4 0. wg 0.5 0..43 6.5 0.29 9.28 12.3 0.0428 0.43 4.5 0.42 16.9 0.43 8.26 27. Pr.5 0.29 6.2 0.0 3.29 4. in.6 0.02 419.15 5.34 Thickness.35 72.18 42.14 21.1 0.05 362.0 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.15 67.9 0.6 0.8 0.36 7.9 0.4 0.14 10. Def.22 60 6.5 0.14 10.7 0.04 357.6 0..01 1458.1 0.10 70.0 6.9 0.0 5.57 62.12 57.2 0.57 5.27 81.8 0.8 0.3 0.0 NA 2.3 0..2 0..6 0.0 2.6 0.69 20.8 0.35 14.40 2.0 6.7 0..32 45.20 17.35 56.28 10.0 0.20 38.9 0.1 0.43 4.0 3.0 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.09 134.7 0...2 0.71 9.8 0. Pr.34 26.9 0.7 0.35 9.0 3.2 0.28 67.6 0.0 0.10 31.3 0.7 0.3 0.43 6.9 0. W.7 0.72 3.75 4.21 12.9 0.0 4.2 0.3 0.2 0.28 12.3 0.07 4..72 3.24 38.13 24.7 0.14 21.23 120.4 0.57 3.2 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.26 27.7 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.10 87.4 0.4 0.9 0.06 242.3 0.21 12.51 32.32 27.7 0. wg in.57 4.02 807.05 540.05 362.12 50.18 42.9 0.8 0.05 974.43 3.9 0.0 0.1 0.42 26.0 8.0 8.57 11.10 1.75 14.0 8.14 10.7 0.1 0.7 0.29 9.43 6.4 0.14 13.29 4.3 0.5 0.4 0.30 2.08 137.43 11.75 3.08 3. Def.57 3.12 30.0 0.0 0.02 2.2 0.04 76.25 61.2 0.3 0.5 0.47 10.5 0.08 137.72 4.2 0.72 4.14 13.3 0.9 0.1116 0.56 22.8 0.1 0.21 14.13 110.2 0.5 0.0 3.75 34.60 0.4 0.07 24.28 113.63 10.32 27.13 90.21 14.10 19.75 Table 6.2 0.0 0.3 0.8 0.9 0.0 0.36 5.4 0.57 4.57 11.17 6.0 3.1 0.64 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.8 0..10 87.7 0.14 13.43 8..5 0.2 0.7 0.22 6.5 0. in.4 0.8 0.49 63.01 813..2 0. Pr.29 6.15 63.5 0.5 0.6 0.15 5.72 4.6 0.36 8.34 20.29 6.4 0.54 2.22 6.21 60.7 0.43 3.13 90.4 0.02 Unstiffened 7.8 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.40 43.0 0.30 36.2 0.5 0. Pr. Def.50 0. ft in.2 0.43 11.5 11.14 10.9 0.06 245.17 50.6 0.0 0.07 24.28 12.8 0.2 0.24 39.43 6.57 8.0 NA 2.29 6. Pr.0 NA NA 2.43 4.6 0..2 0.43 6.21 12.22 135.34 20.4 0.8 0.18 135.7 0.1 0.2 0. in.0 2.8 0.9 0.21 12.6 0.22 6.1 0. in.38 28.2 0.20 26.18 42.0 8.1 0..05 437.22 6.75 16.8 0.72 3.2 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.4 0.9 0.4 0.43 6.06 34. Def.1 0.1 0.57 5.1 0.14 21.06 154.06 60.8 0.4 0.09 4.9 0. wg in.14 18.36 7.3 0.8 0.19 109.9 0.4 0.0 NA NA 2.2 0.0 0.7 0.5 0.2400 0.03 347.5 0.9 0.36 7.0 2.5 0.0 0.04 120.72 3.3 0.43 11.0 0.24 38.04 3.3650 0.11 53.06 200..6 0.29 9.5 0.4 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .1 0.04 90.1775 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.43 3..0 0.3 0.7 0.07 85.2 0.15 63.0 0.2 0.36 3. in.22 6.7 0.9 0..8 0.0 5.3 0.11 160.7 0.57 5.19 97.20 17.1 0.15 73.0 NA NA 2.0 3.8 0.35 14.38 28.0538 0.3 0.04 189.7 0.29 4.0 3. Pr.09 37.0 5.52 29.5 0.24 49.28 14.69 14.3 0.8 0. wg in.14 41.21 8.18 69. wg in.35 9.21 75.10 87.5 0.29 6.20 17.4 0.7 0.7 0.0 0. Def.2 0.0 0.4 0.7 0.30 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.7 0.5 0.11 161.72 60.1−1A.0 18. in.12 30.3 0..5 0.1 0. wg in.14 13.1 0.4 0.43 11.13 127.0 0. Def.. in.71 9.57 8.36 5.1 0.4 0.12 50.03 1023.62 41.7 0.2 0.8 0.14 21.41 108.0 18.20 26.03 646.1 0.5 0.36 8.04 244.3 0.0 0.07 370.08 47.1 0.9 0.04 3.6 0.14 21.4 0.7 0.08 137.28 10.8 0.2 0.90 3.7 0.20 17.28 33..43 8.5 0. Pr.13 24.37 10.05 362.71 11.0 2.00 2.3 0. Pr.3 0.3 0.12 50.71 22.0 8.40 21.12 30.7 0.04 100.9 0.8 0.09 4.4 0.21 8.6 0. 0.04 2.2 0.06 200.38 10. wg in.5 0.14 10.2 0.8 0.0 3.13 24.3 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.10 87.36 3.72 6.0 0.13 24.4 0.3020 0.5 0.21 8.5 0.12 30.

in.6 0.3 0.1265 0..6 0.71 11.83 16.1 0.1−1A.6 0.43 3.29 4.7 0.36 8.8 0. and aluminized steels.0 NA NA NA NA NA 2.30 Than 8.8 0.1 0.6 0.85 9.14 8.3 0..3 0.3 0.43 11.2 0.21 12.1 1.42 16.52 28. in.29 9.9 0..86 5.21 8.7 1.3 0.0 0.1 1. 3. For all practical purposes the table values are also valid for other carbon.0 0.0 3.6 0.42 16.35 44.0 5.9 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.9 1. 6.5 0.11 20.1 0. ft Spacing l. wg in.10 1. and ASTM 283 Hot−rolled Steel Plate in Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength . Def. Def.7 0.42 16.0 0.360 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).3 0.4 0.3020 0.0 NA 2.21 14.43 6.6 0. Laboratory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.4 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: Special Note: While other tables in this section are applicable to Galvanized Steel. Def.0966 0.7 0.3 0.57 11.4 1.9 0.5 0.56 15.15 63.35 14.3 0.5 0. in.43 4. These deflection values are relative and approximate. this table with a maximum operating temperature of 650°F is NOT applicable to Galvanized Steel because Galvanized Steel is limited to an operating temperature not to exceed 400°F − The Zinc coating in galvanized steel is damaged at temperatures in excess of 400°F.2 0.7 0.8 0.35 COMMERCIAL GR.2 0.0 0.4 1.4 1. Pr.4 0.15 63.22 6.50 2.3 0..36 7.35 44.15 2. wg in.2 0.44 5.68 20.43 3.0 0.71 9.71 9. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 6505F .85 9.9 1.0 3.15 2.3 0. Pr. Def.7 0.9 0.0 0.64 12. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.40 21.36 8.1 0.72 3. in.57 5.57 5.36 8.5 1.36 5.57 4.4 0.1 0..6 0.57 11.43 8.36 5.43 6.00 2..7 0.20 17.43 3..43 6. in.5 1.32 27.5 0.69 14.15 5.28 10.24 38.4 1.29 6.7 0.9 0.3650 0.36 7.4 1.4 0.15 3.64 20.0 0.72 3.57 8.7 0.0 NA NA 2.9 0.1 1. Def.44 5.28 10.72 4.6 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.20 26.1 0.4 0.0 NA NA NA 2.1 1.3 0. Pr.72 4.71 9.29 9.72 6.9 0.4 0.2 0.57 5. wg in.72 6.5 0.86 3.7 0.21 12.68 20.32 27. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.9 0..2 0.21 53.3 0.41 Table 6.72 6. wg in.14 8. such as ASTM A1008 Commercial Quality Cold−rolled Sheet (CRS) Steel.9 0.80 16.21 14.8 0.2 0.36 3.43 6.7 0.85 11.26 27.3 1.09 4.0 2.21 14.0 NA NA 2.57 3.5 0.43 8.57 4.1 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.43 6.85 11.0 0.0 5.7 1.8 0.86 3..1 0.72 3.57 8.7 0.22 6.2 0.43 9.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.43 3.35 14..7 0.19 91.2400 0.4 1.27 60.1 1.43 11.21 53.8 1.43 3.7 0.27 60.15 Larger 5.9 0.57 5.43 3.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 Commercial Quality Hot−rolled Sheet (HRS) Steel.35 9. in.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.28 12.9 0. a.30 36.7 0.0 NA NA NA NA NA 2.43 11. W. 0.38 28.0428 0.4 0. wg in.4 0.22 6.80 1..7 0.0538 0.34 20.15 5.0 2.0 0.15 2. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.72 3..19 91.5 0.9 0.21 12.43 6. in.5 0.1775 0.0 0.54 19.9 0.30 8.0 NA 2.56 15.43 6.0 0.15 5.0 NA NA NA 2.3 0. wg in.0 NA 2. Aluminum Coated by the Hot−Dip Process.32 27.0 2.9 0.3 0.57 5. in.18 42.29 4.47 10.4 0.44 5..35 9.4 0. Pr.26 27.9 1.4 0.00 1.22 7.4 0.18 42.41 3.0 0.9 0.13 90. Def.0 12.54 19.86 3.36 3.15 63.28 18.2 0.57 3.52 28.13 90.5 0.15 6. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.18 42.2 0.4 1.6 0.4 0. in.2 1.7 0.1 0.43 8. Actual Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).7 0.11 20.1 0.9 0.13 11.27 60.7 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.35 14.9 0.72 4. b.57 8.3 0.4 0.2 0.80 16.13 90. wg in.28 12. and in magnitude by as much as 100%. Def.28 10.0 NA NA NA NA NA 2.1 0.43 6.47 10.4 0.35 9.72 3.5 0.6 0.69 14. Def.8 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.36 7.4900 Weight. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.9 0. ft in.15 3.4 0.30 36.34 20.57 11.1 0.09 4.2 0.3 0.5 0.5 1.8 0. in.2 1.9 0. wg in.43 8.68 20.28 12.3 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.38 28.. Pr.9 0. Pr.90 3.0 3.43 4.47 Up To Up T 10. Pr.7 0.30 8.44 4.71 11.60 0.86 7.11 160.0 8.21 8.2 1.54 19.22 6..64 12.20 26.7 0.0 0.8 1.9 0. wg in.40 2.3 1. having a minimum yield strength of 32.0 0. a suitable alternate can be ASTM A463 Aluminized Steel which can operate at temperatures in excess of 1000°F.28 18.3 0.6 0.8 0.0 NA NA NA 2.35 44.9 1..6 0.36 3.3 0. Pr.29 4. Def.8 0.0 0... wg in.1116 0.8 0.2 1.44 4.7 0.71 11.43 19.0 5.5 = 15.20 26.0 0.3 0.0 NA NA NA 2.57 3.2 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.57 4.9 0.0 0.26 27.3 1. Def.8 0.5 0.24 38.83 16.19 91. and ASTM A463 Steel Sheet.11 160.29 6. Def.7 0.52 28..1 0.13 12.1 1.7 0.41 3.29 9. and are based on a yield strength of 32.3 0.2 0. c. wg in.2 0.2 1.40 21.15 5.30 36.0 0.34 20.. in.21 8.0 3.09 4.57 5.5 0.1 1.40 21.6 0.9 0.22 6.15 2.50 0.15 6.29 6.36 5.20 17.11 160.9 1.0 0.43 4.0 NA NA 2.7 0. Pr.0 3.7 0.0 0.4 0..2 0.44 4.5 0.1 0.9 0.40 0. wg 0.7 0.000 psi or higher.6 0.3 0.0 6.86 3.9 0.72 3.43 12.56 15.86 5.2 0.7 0.5 0.0677 0.3 0.20 17.86 7.38 28.4 0.0 0.5 0. Pr.21 53.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.0 8..24 38.0 3.28 18.5 0. in.8 0.69 14.

36 9.02 780.0 4.06 146.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.0 15.40 21.8 0.36 6.14 9.12 47.01 1705.22 5.28 12.16 60.0 6.20 16.38 27.0 3.58 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.6 0.2 0.58 61.3 0.9 0.4 0.54 2.4 0.9 0.7 0.38 27.09 4.1 0.09 4. in.57 4.3 0.6 0.43 11.4 0.0 0.43 2.6 0.2 0.43 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.0 0.10 28.9 0.06 193.9 0.14 106.0 0.0 4.2 0..0 NA NA 2.3 0.42 15. wg in.26 26.5 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.21 7.2 0.22 5.8 0.0 NA NA 2.38 39.7 0.3 0.07 20.03 998.0 6.2 0.22 72.0 0.5 0.3 0.57 5.8 0.08 132.7 0.38 55.8 0.4 0.10 83.0 0.04 3.04 3.8 0.8 0.36 7.7 0.04 109.29 5.12 47.0 2.2 0.0 0.28 17.26 26.28 11.54 18.0 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.56 20.2 0.0 15.0 0.72 4.2 0.3 0.32 27.14 12.0 NA 2.0 0.75 Table 6. wg in.75 32.9 0.9 0.9 0.5 0. Pr..2 0.04 214.7 0.1 0.71 11.3 0.57 2.75 33.08 132.4 0.7 0.12 28.3 0.3 0.43 3.4 0.21 12.57 11.35 13.8 0.07 159.7 0.18 237.0 0.0 3.3 0.3 0.57 8.8 0.43 6.4 0.14 19. wg in.7 0.8 0.36 6.10 83.43 7.0 2.6 0.34 61.9 0.2 0.2 0.21 14.72 6.1 0.5 9.22 51.1 0.0 0.3 0.23 60 6.1 0.63 7.34 19.. ft Spacing l.1 0. Pr.60 0.12 156.1 0.36 9.28 10.11 63.21 7.0538 0.9 0.28 11.0 6..4 0.04 177.43 11. wg in.29 4.7 0.4 0.5 0.14 9.00 1.21 7.5 0..5 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.29 4.3020 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.7 0.0677 0.72 3.9 0.0 0.08 44.1 0.27 68.75 4.0 0. Def. Pr.71 11.14 19.9 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0. in.9 0. 0.13 87.2 0.5 0.2 0.13 119.03 630.2 0.11 189.07 233.18 6.7 0.0 2.57 11.3 0.13 23.43 11.7 0.6 0..12 52.7 0. Def.08 3.24 37..14 12.8 0.29 5.2 0.37 10.14 9.36 Thickness.80 1.22 6.2 0.8 0.02 638.3 0..34 19.4 0.4 0.8 0.72 3.06 234.1 0.5 0.3 0.18 42.5 0.20 25.2400 0.29 5.4 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .29 64.6 0.36 7.9 0..31 2.18 40.28 10.28 110.64 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.04 345.70 14.05 69.26 8.0 0.63 39. Def.30 35.01 780. in. wg in.7 0.71 8.36 3.36 7.08 132.0 4.0 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.5 0. Pr.14 5.43 7.8 0.05 426.6 0.3 0.72 6.73 59.3 0.5 0.04 3.50 58.8 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.30 40.6 0.16 61.12 28.06 29.7 0.52 28.9 0.43 3.2 0..29 5.0 2.2 0.3 0.01 1422.36 3.7 0.28 17.0 0. Def.1 0.71 20.7 0.43 2.47 10.50 2.12 28.14 36.2 0.42 15.7 0..13 23.5 0.36 54.09 125.0 2.1 0.22 51.62 12.72 3.7 0.36 4.70 19.5 0.3 0.72 4. in.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.3 0. COMMERCIAL GR.3 0.0 NA 2.43 3.5 0.24 117.6 0.03 330.32 27.5 0.20 16.72 3.13 87.7 0.2 0.50 62.19 93.4 0.16 61.1 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.20 25.2 0.7 0.5 0.2 0. in.0 0.1−2A.5 0.07 4.0 4.0 6.43 2.2 0.. wg in.0 0.9 0.7 0.40 2.3 0.04 2.22 5.14 12.34 13.30 10.15 5.1116 0.06 193.20 16.14 13.21 14.2 0.14 19.57 4.11 155.75 16.04 91.09 4.8 0.2 0.20 25.71 11.20 16.36 4.71 8.1 0. in.10 83.2 0.2 0.36 6.12 249.43 5.43 6.8 0.0 3.7 0.8 0.21 12.36 6.03 398.07 355.05 951.43 7.68 26.21 7.20 34. Pr.40 23.29 4.43 5.02 Unstiffened 5.6 0.1 0. wg in.9 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.18 132.05 353. wg 0.5 0.38 9.5 0.11 12.27 79.6 0. in.20 16.4 0.02 2. Def.54 34.04 3.3 0.13 23.21 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.8 0.42 24. in.8 0.05 234.28 10.6 0.4 0.02 529.6 0.8 0.43 5.5 0.2 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.04 549.9 0.19 89.8 0.19 89.8 0.1 0.54 29. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.3 0.24 37.43 11.32 27.7 0.6 0.26 58.29 8.5 0.10 83.9 0.3 0.3 0.21 14.75 7.7 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.0 3.2 0.0966 0.72 3.8 0.2 0.50 0.0 2.1 0.14 9...7 0.34 19.1 0.21 7.29 8.5 0.6 0.0 2.7 0..9 0.9 0.05 353.7 0.08 80.36 7.0 0.7 0.28 17.10 222.9 0.8 0.15 5.5 0.13 23.14 9.8 0.3 0.12 47.10 99.57 5.43 6. Pr.2 0.2 0.6 0. Def.43 3.13 87.6 0.0 4.4 0.12 47.0 0.0 0.22 5.13 104.29 8.41 105.29 8..90 3.05 78.9 0. wg in.1 0.09 Unstiffened NA NA 2.28 31.35 13.5 0.5 0.. Pr.0 6.16 61.8 0.12 156. Def.6 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.14 9.0 6.7 0.1 0.4900 Weight.08 132.1 0.06 54.0428 0.01 1.12 47.3 0.8 0.24 37.5 0.29 5.70 33.21 12.75 18.14 1.6 0.3 0.14 5.0 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.12 156.7 0.56 14.30 35.15 137.36 9.0 0.72 6.8 0.57 2.10 1.5 0.21 14.36 4.07 20.36 4.0 2.28 11.26 34.43 5.75 2.72 4. Pr.40 0.18 45.31 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.9 0..8 0.24 49.0 6.5 0.3 0. Def. wg in..8 0. Pr.00 2.21 12.1265 0.1775 0..05 353.0 3. in.3 0.6 0.20 25.8 0.4 0.68 39.42 15.8 0.5 0.22 5.6 0.0 0.12 28.29 4.8 0.36 9.18 40.2 0.9 0.75 11.06 62.5 0.0 NA NA 2.8 0.72 3.3 0.43 6.0 3. 1.9 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.0 5.7 0.13 23.57 4.5 0.10 17.3650 0.0 6.21 12.16 69.3 0.32 44.35 13. W.09 34. Def.7 0.5 0.36 3.0 4.09 283.7 0.06 523.36 3.28 88.14 19.2 0. in.1 0.57 4.40 41.7 0.8 0.06 193.27 58.6 0..7 0.7 0.2 0. wg in.63 10.28 11.36 70.43 2.9 0. ft in.1 0.21 14.8 0.6 0.75 13..12 28. in.3 0.9 0.22 40 4.7 0.75 6.2 0.7 0.3 0.22 57.19 106.14 19. Def.4 0.7 0.06 193.2 0.9 0.5 0.28 10.43 7. Def.2 0.75 9.29 4.18 40.8 0.7 0. wg in.4 0.4 0.18 66.7 0.26 26.1 0.1 0.7 0. in.9 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.14 12.22 130.06 29.26 26.28 10.75 24.3 0.4 0.05 373.05 353.28 17.0 2.57 8.03 1.9 0.36 45.7 0.35 13.0 0.7 0.9 0.40 21.6 0.14 12.0 0.3 0.9 0.01 2. Pr.29 8.5 0.34 24.

36 7.72 4.5 0.0 1. c.1 1.43 3.0 2.71 8. ft Spacing l.7 0.2 0. Pr.0 2.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.16 61.44 4.7 0.86 9.2 0.64 20.32 27. in.36 9..43 5.15 3.43 6.29 4.5 0.30 35.8 0.24 37.4900 Weight.7 1.6 0.3 0.2 0.36 7.8 0.14 8.0 0.28 11.7 0.5 0.44 5.21 12.86 7..43 6.15 6.6 0.1 0.8 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.2 0. a.3 0.6 0.18 40.43 3.15 Larger 5. wg in.43 9.13 11.9 0.3 0. Def.19 89.1 0.0 0.57 11.8 1.29 8.70 14.0 0. Aluminum Coated by the Hot−Dip Process.) lists the estimated deflection in inches..9 0.4 0.00 1.7 0.8 1.0 3. wg in.86 3. Def.0 NA NA NA NA NA 2.3650 0.83 16.43 5.3 0.43 6.18 40.7 0. Def.28 10.43 3. Pr.4 1.29 4.2 0. Def.28 10.57 5.22 51. ft in.26 26.2 0.31 8.7 0.44 5.38 27. Def.8 1. in.57 2.23 6.8 0.0 NA NA NA NA 2.20 16.30 35.4 0.43 18. Pr. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 6505F .3 0. in.. wg 0.64 12.2 0.3 1.09 4.43 11.0 0.34 19.43 2.5 0.8 0..14 8. Pr.6 0.9 0.36 9.8 0.41 3.1 0.0 4.0 NA NA NA 2.8 0.0 NA NA NA 2.8 0.6 0.4 1. and ASTM A463 Steel Sheet.3 0.6 0.38 27.0 3.72 3. These deflection values are relative and approximate.32 27.7 0. in. Pr.0677 0. in. 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.80 16. Def.0 NA NA 2.8 0.0 12.3 0.28 17.6 0. wg in. wg in.0 NA NA NA NA NA 2.29 8.0 NA NA 2.86 9.4 0.72 3.0 0.3 0.8 1.86 5.3 0.8 0.6 0.0 0.70 14. in.1 1.29 5..1 0.0 NA NA 2.2 0.4 0.2 0. in.1 0.54 18.36 4.0 2.40 21.7 0.000 psi or higher.3 0.0 0.1 0..44 4.0 NA 2.7 0.43 7.15 5.0 8.20 25.0 NA 2.7 1.50 0.0 NA NA NA NA NA 2.36 3.85 11.8 0. Def.21 14.21 12.0 2.8 0.8 0.8 0.85 11..60 0.8 0.0 4..47 Up To Up T 10.8 0.43 7.. in.5 = 15. wg in.9 0.12 156.13 11.43 11.43 7.50 2.35 13.7 0.43 6.36 6.6 1.5 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.1 0.32 27.4 0.41 3.21 14.7 0.6 0.0 0.28 17.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.23 7.1 1.19 89.72 3.21 7.2 0.3 0.72 3.5 0.36 6.90 3.72 3.22 51.6 0.36 43..09 4.0 0.6 0.7 0.18 40.57 4.20 25.0966 0.0 0.9 0.1 0.12 156. Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition b.13 87.3 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.1 0.57 4. Pr.7 0.3 1.24 37.00 2. having a minimum yield strength of 32.1265 0.7 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.71 8.23 6.42 15.34 19.1 0.0 1.72 4.2 0.11 20.40 2.3020 0.13 87.43 11.2 0.6 0.0 6..34 19.2 0.5 0. Pr.71 11.7 1.5 0.8 0.8 1.36 43.57 5.86 5. in.29 5.54 18. in.36 4. a suitable alternate can be ASTM A463 Aluminized Steel which can operate at temperatures in excess of 1000°F. For all practical purposes the table values are also valid for other carbon.8 0. in.57 2. wg in.5 0.. such as ASTM A1008 Commercial Quality Cold−rolled Sheet (CRS) Steel. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.7 0.86 7.0 4.6 0..35 13. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.40 21..52 27.0 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.1 1.1 1.28 11.0 0. wg in.7 0.72 6.2 0.71 8.16 61.43 11.29 5.30 35.8 1.7 0.19 89. 3.9 0.6 0.22 5. and ASTM 283 Hot−rolled Steel Plate in Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength .27 58.3 1.21 7.10 1.0428 0.3 0.72 6.36 7.21 14..57 11.0 3.8 0.7 0.38 27.7 0.4 0.9 0.28 17.0 0.56 14.4 0.68 20. wg in.6 0.80 16.3 0. Def.9 0.54 18. wg in. Def. Pr.36 3.0 2.24 37.15 5.0538 0.0 0.5 0.29 4. Laboratory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.8 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.86 3. wg in..41 Table 6.57 5.70 14.3 0.68 20.22 5.4 0..43 6.7 0.4 0.72 3.4 0.72 4.11 20.86 3.1 0.3 0.28 11.27 58.42 15.2 0. 6. wg in.1 1.9 0.72 6.36 6.4 0.56 14.44 5.9 0.20 16.43 3.15 3.1−2A.360 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).2 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.15 2.4 0.29 8.15 2.56 14.7 0.57 8.0 2.57 4. Pr.35 13.43 2..1 1.8 0.8 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).36 43.42 15. Def.0 1.83 16.36 9.57 8.40 0.6 0.3 1.2400 0. this table with a maximum operating temperature of 650°F is NOT applicable to Galvanized Steel because Galvanized Steel is limited to an operating temperature not to exceed 400°F − The Zinc coating in galvanized steel is damaged at temperatures in excess of 400°F.6 0.52 27.22 5.09 4.43 3.31 Than 8.8 0. Def.3 0.8 0.7 1.8 0.1 0.36 4.1 0.44 4.15 6.8 0.13 87. Pr.22 51.7 0.1 0.6 0.26 26.5 0.20 16.6 0.7 1.6 0.43 7.8 0.47 10.7 0.15 5.47 10.57 4.37 COMMERCIAL GR. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.26 26.4 0.27 58.7 0.21 7.57 4.3 0.6 0.15 5.0 NA 2.57 2.8 0. in. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.0 0.0 0.0 0.43 2.68 20.28 10.52 27.12 156...9 0.3 1.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.71 11.8 0.43 5.1 0. and aluminized steels.43 3.57 11.1775 0.31 8.80 1.40 21.64 12.2 0.5 0.1116 0.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 Commercial Quality Hot−rolled Sheet (HRS) Steel.36 3.57 4. W.86 3.7 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.57 8.21 12.4 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: Special Note: While other tables in this section are applicable to Galvanized Steel.0 0.3 1.8 0.20 25.3 0..6 1.8 0.5 0.5 0.71 11.1 0.0 8. and are based on a yield strength of 32.3 0.0 NA NA NA NA 2.16 61.3 1.7 0.

0 3.9 0..17 53.08 125.72 5.27 25.07 24..0 0.4 0.0 0.13 20.5 0.29 7.11 149. Pr.29 5.05 341. W.36 6.36 7.9 0.70 17.28 28.7 0.75 3. wg in. wg in.6 0.4 0.10 25.21 12.0 6.06 46.0 2.23 125.0 NA NA 2.6 0.5 0.75 8.4900 Weight.10 78.9 0.6 0.4 0.75 10.0 0.0 6.72 8.12 44.22 40 4.36 6.14 10.14 100.8 0.9 0.57 7.28 11.0 2.8 0.20 24.13 25.6 0. wg in.75 21.7 0.22 6. in.0 0.13 20.14 10.6 0.9 0.09 4.7 0.7 0..9 0.30 39.2 0.7 0.7 0.21 10.50 2.3020 0.23 60 6.4 0.9 0.3 0.72 4.4 0.22 49.2 0.8 0.13 241.68 38..7 0.36 7.9 0.2 0.63 9.2 0.1 0.14 1.40 2.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.0 7.36 68.0 0.21 12.80 1.0 7.4 0.4 0. wg in.4 0.8 0.0 7. in.14 10.28 9. in.35 12.8 0.04 161.57 3.28 9.8 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.12 151.43 7.05 80.36 3.1 0.2 0.08 73.0 0.72 5.2 0.9 0. wg in. Def.8 0.7 0.4 0.01 1649.3 0.2 0.08 125.5 0.6 0. Def.6 0.9 0.14 83.4 0.3 0.18 38. in.0 2.3 0. in.6 0.07 185.0 0.75 Table 6.9 0.22 6.6 0.7 0. in.2 0.43 5.9 0.28 9.1 0.7 0.2 0.13 20.0 2.6 0. wg in.5 0.40 51.3 0.8 0.10 207.4 0.7 0.10 78.28 11.2 0.9 0.36 7.16 58.42 15.21 15.33 25.4 0.7 0.16 58.28 11.2 0.22 53.9 0.42 15.63 11.5 0. Def.21 10.8 0.4 0.1 0.66 37. ft in.22 49.43 5.1 0.43 5.40 39.0 0.24 113.4 0.27 54. Def.2 0.24 35.10 113.36 6.3 0..0 0.14 17.35 12.40 20.09 Unstiffened NA NA 5.54 18.36 3.4 0.03 371..12 44.72 8.13 25.12 151.31 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.2 0..7 0.29 61.1 0..3 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.06 500.9 0.04 95.0 0.0 3.0 0.57 4.7 0.6 0.3650 0.72 4.7 0.72 5.1 0.13 40.3 0.43 5.8 0.04 3.56 14. Pr.0 0..30 34.75 57. in.7 0.21 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.9 0.02 604.70 32.75 12.43 3.0 3.0 0.18 38.0 2.8 0.38 10.7 0.6 0.1775 0.2 0.75 2..29 7.33 41.0 2.6 0.05 341.1 0.3 0.0 0.28 11.08 125.21 10.43 7.43 10.2 0.7 0.02 746. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.2 0.16 67.7 0.3 0.02 Unstiffened 6.05 222. Pr.8 0.2400 0.4 0.9 0..4 0.4 0.14 17.9 0.3 0. Def.75 7.08 125.3 0.9 0. wg 0.8 0.18 38.24 35. in.5 10.0 4.3 0.5 0.3 0. in.27 25.14 10.06 224.12 151.33 25.36 8.72 3.1 0.36 8.3 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.9 0.19 38.9 0.14 17.28 76.14 83.43 3.0 0. in.0 2.0 2.1 0.55 2.1 0.05 353.0 0.11 14.68 25.4 0.19 230.2 0.12 45.8 0.4 0.51 60.6 0.05 341.0 7..8 0.71 19.7 0..18 38.7 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.34 22.9 0.7 0.00 1.36 53.21 15.16 131.35 12.0 0.03 308.4 0.0 0.27 25.7 0.71 11.20 24.22 6.28 66.57 10.64 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.20 24.35 12.1 0.9 0.24 35.48 10.3 0..07 185.5 0. Def.4 0.3 0..4 0.04 194.0 0.6 0.0 0.0428 0.4 0.43 7.14 10.21 15.43 3.36 3.6 0.1 0.1 0.51 55.6 0.40 21. Pr.5 0.9 0. wg in.14 5.3 0. 0.1−3A.9 0..02 746.0 0.0538 0.4 0.33 25.6 0.9 0.2 0.1116 0.04 330. wg in.9 0..8 0.6 0.57 3.18 61.8 0.0 4.57 7.7 0.60 0.9 0.2 0.34 18.4 0.9 0. Pr.57 10.5 0.40 20.4 0.05 920.4 0.11 55.14 108.0 NA NA 2.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.29 84.9 0.04 3.8 0.4 0.9 0.21 10.06 50.1 0. wg in.07 336.0 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.36 8.28 16.43 10.2 0.0 4.8 0.06 136.8 0.9 0.1 0.44 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.9 0.4 0.2 0.12 44.14 99.28 16.59 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.90 3.0 0.28 9.36 7.8 0.75 31.6 0.0 0.35 58.8 0.29 5.6 0.10 78.16 58.72 3.38 10.57 5.7 0.8 0.36 8.8 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.43 10.3 0.8 0.27 25.57 4.21 10.43 10.75 17.09 30..4 0. Def.4 0.58 27.05 59. Pr.14 83.10 78.8 0.29 107.75 15.07 185.0 0. Def.08 151.14 10.4 0.07 217.4 0.75 6.6 0.1 0.7 0..3 0.07 185.36 43.9 0.8 0.12 44.6 0.9 0.71 11.09 4.0 NA NA 2.1 0.8 0. 1.1265 0.09 39. in.38 Thickness.42 15.0 0.28 16.1 0.2 0.36 3.0 0.03 609.0 3. Pr.0 3. in.10 93.0 0.9 0.4 0.0 16.28 9.8 0.1 0.29 7.05 69.4 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .0966 0.28 16.34 18.0 NA 2.40 0.24 45.5 0.0 16.31 10.70 13. Pr.3 0.01 2.0 4.42 102.43 5.0 0.0 7.18 6.07 24.52 27.3 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.42 21.38 36.0 0.7 0.2 0.0 3.01 1375.03 1.8 0.13 20.8 0.2 0.01 1.7 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.6 0..43 7.03 965.15 5.19 103.2 0.31 2.04 3.4 0.19 128.9 0. Pr.9 0.4 0.21 12.0 0. COMMERCIAL GR.28 57.11 183.8 0.05 341.09 274.19 86.10 1.29 7.23 6.29 5. wg in.0 2.38 26.0 0.7 0.9 0.13 25.9 0.15 5.7 0.3 0.0677 0.0 4.04 525.1 0.5 0.72 10.1 0.54 32.5 0.21 15.8 0.21 12.0 0.28 11.3 0.13 25..0 7. wg in.72 3.04 2.8 0.6 0.30 34.04 3.2 0. Def.14 17.0 0.8 0.20 24.14 17.0 5.36 6.7 0.43 3.4 0.6 0.00 2.43 5. ft Spacing l. Def.9 0.7 0.2 0.20 29.29 5.15 5.0 0.30 29.13 20.1 0.08 3.6 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.22 6.07 4.5 0.21 12.05 412.5 0.43 5.56 19.9 0. Def.22 69. Pr.8 0.5 0.27 8.0 NA 2.09 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 4.4 0.13 25.19 86.4 0.9 0.38 26.20 88.29 7.8 0.14 29.29 5.43 5.75 31.6 0.02 2.21 15.9 0.4 0.72 4.0 4.9 0.50 0.3 0..8 0.6 0.9 0.2 0.02 501.22 6.59 59.34 18.57 5.

43 3.6 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.72 8.8 0. Def.2 0.4 0.15 2.57 10.38 26.72 4.6 0.86 3.1116 0..21 10.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.6 0.3 0.86 2.68 20.9 0.6 0.48 Up To Up T 10.9 0.0 NA NA 2. having a minimum yield strength of 32.64 12.9 0.1 0. 0. and ASTM A463 Steel Sheet.64 20. such as ASTM A1008 Commercial Quality Cold−rolled Sheet (CRS) Steel.24 35.36 41.14 83.1 0.57 7.40 0.0 NA NA NA NA NA 2.36 41..20 24.3 0.7 0.36 8.1 0.28 57.15 5.57 7.12 151.1 1.6 0.4 0.0 2. Pr.0 6.6 0.2 0.2 0.52 27.86 4. Pr.21 15. Def.86 2.5 0.72 8.22 6.2 0.48 10.56 14.28 9. W.0 0.7 0.09 4.1−3A.44 5. in.72 3.8 0.0 0. Def.9 0. Def.9 0.57 4.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.86 6.19 86.9 0.0 1.0 0.80 16.40 20.4 0.5 1.2 0.71 11.0 0.28 57.1 1.2 0.15 6.6 0. wg in.90 3.28 16.43 7.. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.8 1.5 0..11 20.54 18.3 0.0 0.72 8.4 0.4 0.57 5.. wg in.42 15.38 26.57 3.72 5.09 4..27 25.2 0.27 25.4 0.72 3..8 0.15 3.7 0. Pr.9 0. Def.22 6.5 1.2400 0.30 34.1 0.4 0.21 10.9 0.72 5.70 13.19 86.0 3. Pr.3 0. 6.2 0.2 0.24 35.0 12.2 0.000 psi or higher.8 1.4 1.43 17.31 8.64 12.21 10.18 38. Pr.15 2.0 0.2 0.36 6.57 10.6 0. in.0 4.0 1.4 0.1 0.54 18. in.29 7.14 11.5 0.15 3.1 0.4900 Weight.7 0.9 1.8 0.4 0.30 34.10 1.43 5.86 3.57 3.14 11. in.0677 0.0 2.57 3.43 5.1 1.35 12.28 16.9 0.8 0.72 5.43 4.9 0.35 12.. ft in.57 5.0 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.43 4. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness. Aluminum Coated by the Hot−Dip Process.2 1.43 7.3650 0. Def.28 11.43 5. in..6 0.4 0.15 5.4 1.0 NA 2.2 0. Pr.0 1.4 0.0 NA NA 2.9 0. wg in.29 5.4 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: Special Note: While other tables in this section are applicable to Galvanized Steel.9 0.7 0. Laboratory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.7 0.0 0..0 NA NA 2.6 0.. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.0 8.34 18. and aluminized steels.86 4.0 NA NA NA 2.39 COMMERCIAL GR. a.1 0.28 16.1 0.34 18.43 3. wg in.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 Commercial Quality Hot−rolled Sheet (HRS) Steel.3 0.0966 0. in.0428 0.36 3. wg in.6 0.5 0.52 27.1 0.85 11.2 0.9 0.18 38.9 0.70 13.9 0.6 0.1 0.36 3..36 3.6 1.29 7.5 0.9 0.36 7.2 1.2 0.86 9.0538 0.50 2.21 12.1265 0.9 0. 3.3 0. Pr. wg in.43 10.23 6..0 NA NA NA NA NA 2.3 0.38 26.5 1.41 Table 6.8 0.9 0.4 0. Def.33 25.29 5.21 12.9 0.21 15.72 3.1 0.22 49.43 3. wg in.54 18.0 0. in.16 58.8 0.14 83. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.28 9. wg in.5 1.41 3.14 8. wg in.36 7.0 0.8 1.1 0. in.360 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).43 7..43 10.36 6.31 8.43 6.0 2. a suitable alternate can be ASTM A463 Aluminized Steel which can operate at temperatures in excess of 1000°F.9 0.57 4.2 0.48 10. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.21 15. Def.1 1.60 0.85 11.43 4.2 0.57 7.0 3.84 16.3 0. and are based on a yield strength of 32.6 1.6 0.00 2.0 2.8 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.6 0.9 0.36 41.43 11.15 5..0 NA NA NA 2.57 5.71 11.0 4.36 8.0 4.5 1.22 49.6 1.1 0.28 11.3020 0. in. ft Spacing l.8 0.15 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS Larger 5.9 0.0 NA NA 2.4 0..8 0.35 12.9 0.6 0.) lists the estimated deflection in inches. wg 0.2 0.2 0.14 8.20 24. Pr.56 14.36 8.43 5.80 16.9 0. and ASTM 283 Hot−rolled Steel Plate in Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength.2 1.9 0.22 6.42 15.28 11. Pr.8 0.7 0.21 12.0 8.6 0.1 0.9 0.2 1.15 6.4 0.18 38.2 1.71 11.7 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.68 20. wg in. this table with a maximum operating temperature of 650°F is NOT applicable to Galvanized Steel because Galvanized Steel is limited to an operating temperature not to exceed 400°F − The Zinc coating in galvanized steel is damaged at temperatures in excess of 400°F.3 0.0 NA 2.36 6.24 35.4 0.2 0.86 6.9 0.70 13.52 27. Def.1775 0.0 3.16 58.3 0. in. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.9 0.2 0.42 15.56 14.6 0. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 6505F .9 0.12 151.1 0.33 25.43 10.4 0.9 0.34 18.84 16.0 0.23 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 6.41 3..2 0.4 0. b.2 0.8 0.43 5.9 0.11 20..30 34.28 9.23 7.44 5. in.40 20.9 0.1 0.5 = 15.0 1.1 0.3 1.50 0.40 20. c.20 24.19 86..3 0.29 5.8 0. Def.9 0.43 9.15 5.6 0.80 1.72 4.57 4. Pr.29 7. in.4 0. For all practical purposes the table values are also valid for other carbon. Actual Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).14 83. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.44 5.43 6.0 NA NA 2.0 0.5 0.12 151.33 25.6 1.4 0.0 NA 2.0 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0 2.8 0.86 9.40 2.36 7.9 0.7 0.28 57. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.1 0.16 58.8 0..2 0.1 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct. Def.57 10.00 1.0 2.2 0.8 0.72 4..43 7.27 25.6 0.43 5.22 49. wg in.31 Than 8.9 0.09 4.1 0.8 0..68 20.4 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.

1 0..2 0.55 31. Def.0 0.75 7.8 0.75 55.21 11.75 2.15 5.29 8.7 0.08 116.30 78.60 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.8 0.75 11.0 5.0 0.12 145.5 0.6 0.0 3.09 34.0 0.29 6.5 0.11 84.41 19.20 22.4 0.13 231.4 0.4 0.08 140.43 47.2 0.48 10.14 15.0 0.02 562.43 9.06 38.4 0.4 0.0 4.5 0.69 24.63 6.9 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.6 0.14 15.75 14.0 0.55 17. Pr.3 0. Pr.33 24.09 4.45 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.25 34.2 0.06 211.1 0.36 7.4 0.41 36.2 0.12 39.3 0.7 0.8 0.21 9.16 123.3 0.3 0.21 9.18 6.0 0.21 11.25 34.80 1. wg in.30 102.27 8. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.31 33.7 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.13 22.57 7.53 52.29 6.36 6.2 0.36 65.4 0.8 0.75 15.8 0.42 14.0 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.36 5.2 0.00 2.6 0..65 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.4 0.7 0.7 0.0 4.28 23.6 0.28 9. wg in.20 98.1 0.36 11.7 0.7 0.0 0.5 11.5 0.10 21.36 7.15 93.03 584.8 0. wg in.4 0.28 73.5 0. Def.0 0.08 116.25 109.60 0.1 0.6 0.0 0.56 13.9 0.0 0.2 0.12 41.8 0. Def.8 0.06 472.8 0.21 13.43 6. wg 0.14 32.8 0.0 5.29 6.4 0.71 17.4 0.35 17.72 8.01 1581.3 0. ft Spacing l.05 55.72 5.71 10.08 116.1 0.28 9..6 0. wg in.43 5. in.29 8.19 35. Pr.5 0.29 8.0 0.0 5.2 0.7 0.72 3.06 327.8 0.22 51.5 0.2 0..5 0.57 2.3 0.13 22.22 31.5 0.19 35. wg in.3 0.09 4.4 0.7 0.3 0.14 18.6 0.06 327.57 10.23 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 6.33 24.3 0.07 175.6 0. Def.0 0.36 40.7 0.6 0.50 0.7 0.0 0.75 8. Def. Def.0 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.12 39.14 79.43 9.69 37.36 5.0 0.7 0.38 10.27 23.61 56.8 0. in. in.43 5.42 14.04 1.0 2.0 0.06 38..0 8.43 6.7 0.02 2.3 0.04 3.0538 0.5 0.07 175.2400 0.9 0. wg in.6 0.21 13.9 0.0 5.19 35.0 0.16 54.19 220.5 0.6 0.57 10. in.0 0.5 0.36 5.43 6.7 0.02 704.43 5.9 0.03 337.8 0.21 82.0 NA 3.3 0. Def.9 0.5 0.00 1.08 3.72 3.2 0.31 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.7 0.8 0.11 72.72 8.4 0.4 0.8 0.14 15.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.36 7.63 9.57 3.1 0.04 3.0 0.19 122.0 0.43 9.3 0.0 2..12 140...0 3.5 0.14 79.7 0.12 145.8 0.14 5.63 23.0 0.2 0.07 175.8 0.4 0.12 39.0 NA 2.75 29.0 19.. Def.1 0.1 0.8 0.0428 0.9 0.03 281.7 0.9 0.42 19.1 0.3020 0.57 4.4 0.2 0.1265 0.3 0.01 1.42 14. in.75 19.8 0.3 0.4 0.4 0..4 0.8 0. in.0 6.6 0.2 0.28 62.0 3.21 9.53 26.0 3. Pr.57 7.2 0.5 0.28 55.02 Unstiffened 8.0 8. Pr.4 0..09 262.21 11.1775 0.2 0.53 57.39 33.0 6.31 10.14 94.4 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.36 7.1 0.4 0.1 0.72 3.3650 0.36 6.22 47.5 0.27 23. ft in.75 5.5 0.40 Thickness.10 1.75 Table 6.36 22.4 0.2 0.11 72.4 0.72 5.2 0.0677 0.12 39.57 4.3 0.21 9.9 0.22 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.8 0.07 175.20 83.9 0.16 5.5 0.5 0.8 0.11 100.07 4. in. 0.7 0.31 33.8 0.31 35.28 15.10 Unstiffened NA 4.6 0.6 0.0 4.36 6.36 50.32 2.43 4.0 8. Def.1 0.0 NA 2.56 17.8 0.03 925. Pr.50 2.14 15..0 0.7 0.14 18.05 67.0 0.1 0.72 5.3 0.04 171.6 0.5 0.0 4.20 22.0 5.6 0.22 40 4.14 15.70 30.14 79.8 0.6 0.14 1..19 35.05 329.43 4.4 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .19 56.4 0.05 49.0 8. wg in. Pr.7 0.10 26.12 145. Pr.25 34..07 125.16 54.4 0.22 65.16 54.2 0. wg in.0 2.2 0.21 13.0 2.5 0.7 0..08 65.14 22.7 0.05 395.8 0.57 3.8 0.3 0.16 62.9 0.4 0.8 0.20 22.0 NA 2.0 0. wg in.8 0.1 0.20 22.9 0.7 0.43 4.27 49.1 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.8 0.3 0.36 5.01 1318.35 17.1 0.7 0.0 19.7 0.0 NA 3.2 0.0966 0.. in.75 28.69 34.14 18.25 40.01 2.2 0.0 4.21 13.9 0.29 8.4 0.7 0.1 0.70 13.23 60 6.40 0.21 13.7 0.70 16.9 0.6 0.04 3.29 8.36 11.21 9. wg in.13 46.06 327.4 0.20 26.75 6.0 0.04 2. in.2 0.20 83.7 0.9 0.43 6.5 0.0 2.08 116.21 11.1 0.72 3.22 47.4 0.27 23.08 313.29 6.3 0. in.2 0. wg in.33 24.36 55.72 3.04 311..11 72.9 0.41 19.8 0.06 327.39 25..6 0.02 467.3 0.28 9.0 0.8 0.5 0.72 3.4 0.4 0.7 0.28 15.4 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.05 881.5 0..9 0.0 0.5 0.13 22.21 11.13 22.0 0.2 0.28 15.7 0.40 2.0 8.4 0.8 0.2 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.36 11.8 0.9 0.02 704. in.05 76.3 0.0 0.1116 0.30 58.11 189.05 206. Def.6 0.3 0..3 0.9 0.28 9.07 198.24 118.36 11.0 4.09 4.72 8. W.27 23. in.5 0.16 5.16 95.5 0.28 15.43 9.7 0.0 3.04 495.43 5.41 19..14 18.4900 Weight.19 44.0 0.7 0. Def.04 142. Pr.5 0.13 22.33 38.1 0.1−4A.6 0.14 18.04 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS 3.4 0.28 9.0 0.4 0.. COMMERCIAL GR.0 5.1 0.2 0.11 175.43 4.0 0. Pr.36 6.0 0.2 0.43 98.11 72.71 10.3 0.7 0.35 19.4 0. 1.6 0.0 8.35 17.4 0.9 0.39 25.90 3.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.29 6.

8 1. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.000 psi or higher.43 5.57 4.11 20.4 0.43 6.5 0.7 1.40 2.0 8. Def.0428 0.0 0. and are based on a yield strength of 32.86 8. These deflection values are relative and approximate.72 8.7 0.19 35.00 1.15 4.28 9.15 3.44 5.44 5.65 20.43 6.8 0.4 0.29 6.3 0.7 0.71 10.0 1.0 3.41 19.9 1.2 1.72 5.8 0.0 0.43 6.23 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS 6.21 9.40 0. wg in.70 13. Def.7 0.53 26.0 NA 2.72 3.70 13.22 47.42 Table 6.7 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.72 8.31 33.21 9. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.9 0.8 0.42 14.0 4.2 0.6 0. in.28 55.11 20.33 24.39 25.65 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 12.1 0. in.5 0.2 1.72 8..4 0.25 34.0 NA 2.5 0. in.0 2.31 8.4 0. Pr.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.41 19. Pr.55 17.36 11.4 0.43 4.8 0..7 1.7 1. W.55 17.2 0.4 0. wg in.80 1.57 10.41 19.8 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.57 3.57 7.1 0. b.9 0. Def.81 16.3 0.42 14.0 0.42 14.9 0.8 0.20 83.72 3.7 0.86 4.3 0.7 0.4 0.2 1.0966 0..29 6.7 0.86 3.57 7.14 7.0 NA NA NA NA 2.72 3.0 0. in.72 3.57 4.4 0. in.43 9.36 7.8 0.2 0...3 0.21 11.4 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: Special Note: While other tables in this section are applicable to Galvanized Steel.0 NA NA NA 2. Pr.5 0.5 0...43 9.33 24.0 NA 2.69 19. wg in.6 0.21 13.0 5.15 3.6 0.5 0.5 0. For all practical purposes the table values are also valid for other carbon.1265 0.22 47. Def. ft in.1 0.7 0.8 0.21 11.6 0.36 7.7 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.5 0.36 5.36 6.1 0.0 4.7 0.8 0.0538 0.0 0.5 0.14 79.5 0.29 6.3 1.3650 0.5 0.0 NA 2.1 0.3 0.20 83.28 15.2 1.0 0.7 0.48 10.86 6.36 6.4 0. Pr.43 6.0 NA 2.53 26.5 0.33 24.42 3.23 7.22 47.43 11.6 0.9 0. wg in.1 0.0 6.6 0.70 13.9 0.21 13.4 1.4 0.0 NA NA NA NA 2. in.39 25..0 1.20 83.1775 0.35 17..8 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.14 7.2 0.8 1.. Aluminum Coated by the Hot−Dip Process.36 5. in.35 17.43 5.14 11.3020 0.4 0.36 11.16 54.28 15.0 3.69 19.7 0.9 0.44 5. wg in.43 3.3 0.0 0.36 7.8 0.86 6. Def.0 NA 3...6 0. wg in. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.27 23.41 COMMERCIAL GR.4900 Weight.9 0.9 0.0 NA NA NA NA 2.8 0.72 5.56 13.69 19.1116 0.4 0.0 0.2 1..0 2.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr. such as ASTM A1008 Commercial Quality Cold−rolled Sheet (CRS) Steel.09 4.56 13.0 0.85 10. and ASTM 283 Hot−rolled Steel Plate in Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength .43 16.7 0.16 Larger 5.8 0.36 6.7 0.0 1. 0.86 3.8 1.9 1.43 8.1 0..90 3.31 Than 8.6 0.00 2.60 0.7 1. wg in.5 0.36 40.0 2.42 3.36 5.15 6. and ASTM A463 Steel Sheet.23 6.7 1.12 145.1 0.57 4. wg in.4 0.9 1.6 0.09 4.4 1.71 10.2 0.7 0.36 11.86 2.1 0.10 1.2 1.6 0.16 5.9 0. Def.5 0.9 0.1 0.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.15 4.86 4.29 8.57 3. c.3 0. Pr.2 0. in.16 5.2 0.0 4.57 10.6 0.0677 0. 3. this table with a maximum operating temperature of 650°F is NOT applicable to Galvanized Steel because Galvanized Steel is limited to an operating temperature not to exceed 400°F − The Zinc coating in galvanized steel is damaged at temperatures in excess of 400°F.29 8.12 145. 6..2400 0.9 0. Actual Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).71 10. Def.9 0.12 145.0 12. wg in.31 33. Def.86 2.20 22.2 0.4 0.81 16.0 NA NA NA 2.14 11.3 0.36 40.43 4.360 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).43 6.84 15. ft Spacing l.9 0. CS–32 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 6505F .9 0. Pr. Laboratory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.2 0. wg in.48 10.36 40.84 15.5 0.0 0.43 4.14 79.6 0.43 6.0 8.28 55.57 3.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 Commercial Quality Hot−rolled Sheet (HRS) Steel.16 54.21 9..48 Up To Up T 10..6 0.. having a minimum yield strength of 32.8 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.25 34.65 12.14 79.43 9.86 8.43 3.43 5.31 8.28 15.16 54.0 3.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.9 0.1 0. and aluminized steels.5 0.57 10.50 2. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.5 0. Pr.20 22.9 0. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def. wg in.55 17.29 8.2 1.2 0.8 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.15 6.53 26.31 33.57 7.27 23. Def.0 0.5 0.8 1.1−4A.28 9. a suitable alternate can be ASTM A463 Aluminized Steel which can operate at temperatures in excess of 1000°F.5 0.27 23.1 0.8 0.5 0. wg 0.1 0.3 1.3 0.21 11.0 5. in.5 0.72 5. in. in.2 0.20 22.2 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.28 9.4 0.39 25.85 10.1 0..3 0.5 0.0 5.2 0.09 4. a.25 34.21 13.4 0.2 0. Def. in.6 0.2 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct. Pr.43 3..3 0.35 17..4 0.19 35.19 35.0 NA 3.1 0.28 55. Pr.72 3.5 = 15.0 NA 3. Def.56 13.50 0.72 3. Pr..5 0.

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 6.42 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition .

. .3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 650°F . . . 6. . 6. . . .61 6. .2−1A.45 6. typical rectangular industrial duct.47 6. . . 6.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 350°F . .2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 350°F . .2−3A. .2−2A.2−2A. . . . . of ASTM A36 or other designations This section contains pressure capacity tables for the with a minimum published yield strength of 36 ksi selection of flat sheet and plate for the fabrication of (36. . . .2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 350°F .63 6. 6. . . .2−4A. . . . . . .1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 120°F .2−2A. . . . The tables in this Tables Page 6. .2−3A. . . Hot and Cold−rolled sheet and plate. . . . .3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 650°F . . . . . . . . . 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2−1A. . . . . 6. .51 6. .2 Structural Grade Carbon Steel section apply to structural quality. .3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 650°F . . 6. . . 6. . .59 6. . . . . . . 6. . .6. . .65 6. . .1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 120°F . . . .67 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 6. . . . . . .2−4A. .57 6. . . .53 6.2−3A. . . . . . . . .49 6.2−4A. . .2−1A. . .2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 350°F . 6. .3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 650°F . . 6.000 lb/in2). 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 6. . .1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 120°F .6. .1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 120°F . . . .43 . . . . . . .

06 369.3 0.50 19.8 0.67 9.7 0.66 20.6 0.33 18.24 205.05 860.4 0.24 29.05 3.0428 0. wg in.0966 0.7 0.08 39.2 0.3 0.42 12. Pr.02 1006. wg 0.6 0.50 13.33 18.49 27.24 45.4 0.67 14.8 0.8 0.62 47. Pr.05 176. Pr.20 5.24 140.08 39.1 0.3 0.7 0.15 80.8 0.4 0.4900 Weight.80 61.7 0.3 0.6 0. Def.5 0.3 0.6 0.10 251.9 0.3 0.9 0.67 9.06 1477.8 0.25 14.29 63.5 0.36 60.7 0.7 0.25 147.42 12.00 2.25 11.04 525.0 4.50 5.6 0.6 0.17 139.0 0.04 1550. W.17 17..05 3.67 7.29 40 4.7 0.7 0.0 4..3 0.38 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.24 45.39 66.16 34.0538 0..17 163.42 14.7 0.2 0.19 108.6 0.01 2.6 0..50 10.9 0.15 49.50 19.25 11. in.0 4.10 209.6 0.07 548. wg in.3 0.33 18.16 34.5 0.2 0.14 80.3 0. Pr.9 0.0 2.15 41. in.0 0.05 1.6 0. Def.0 13.18 167. Def.6 0.1 0.39 46.5 0.27 113.8 0.4 0.83 11.11 3.24 52.0 0.2 0.5 0.12 4.2 0.9 0.66 91.11 61.83 4.5 0.0 0.18 1.4 0..41 24.33 31.3 0. wg in.9 0.1 0.12 158.09 561..50 5.39 46.29 204.67 8.31 45.0 5.7 0.75 18.7 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.8 0.15 244.12 4.9 0.0 6.27 85.40 0.00 1.40 2.05 3.75 39. Def.33 31.0 0.25 11.0 0.17 139.17 17.1775 0.83 4..6 0.50 10..8 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.2−1A.58 10.0 0.48 65.5 0.6 0.6 0.14 80.6 0.42 14.0 0.6 0.07 92.3 0.0 6.33 46.0 5.33 8.83 4.7 0.6 0..4 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.40 35.6 0.49 27.50 11.3 0.0 6.8 0.42 6.3 0.9 0.31 182.0 8.8 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.33 15.9 0.8 0.40 34.6 0.75 5.2 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.20 215.31 45.25 14.09 4.7 0. Pr.75 9.33 10.0 0.42 6.7 0.9 0.83 11.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F .48 36..08 234.7 0.41 16.33 15.4 0.0 6.0 0.42 8.24 29.9 0.8 0.33 18.83 3.65 26.0 5.3 0.4 0.73 2. Def.9 0.0 0.50 11.25 11.9 0. in.06 118.3 0.4 0.24 369.7 0.0 0.02 1221.9 0.03 Unstiffened 8.9 0.66 20.35 8.16 23.16 34.4 0.31 93.17 17.37 172.3 0.0 13. in.7 0.75 16.75 22.0 13.1 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.0 30.33 15.38 10. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 1205F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.6 0. wg in.07 819.22 68.9 0.4 0.7 0.12 24.9 0.8 0.6 0.24 25.1 0.83 7.8 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6 0. Def.3 0.10 209.33 21.1116 0.24 29.2 0.41 2.9 0.5 0.12 203.9 0.4 0.1265 0.66 4.77 94.0 6.7 0.42 14.6 0.03 2.75 7.08 304.42 12.0 0. Pr. Def.24 140.6 0.7 0.07 548.3 0.50 13.1 0.41 16.08 367. in.4 0.80 37..67 5.9 0.10 209.7 0.1 0.50 88.6 0.42 8.0 5.6 0.50 0.6 0.42 6. wg in.17 17.33 8. in.9 0.83 7.1 0.38 23.50 10. wg in.31 45.39 46.75 2.9 0.34 94.8 0.06 662.0 5.83 5.8 0.80 1.83 5.5 19..24 45.9 0.5 0.3 0.82 25.6 0.6 0.8 0.05 347.1 0.6 0.13 354.16 57.75 39.63 15.7 0.33 18.4 0.0 2.1 0.0 8. 1.90 3.23 76.25 21.0 0.42 8.4 0.83 3.36 101.0 0.33 31.6 0.6 0.33 8.5 0.4 0.9 0.0 0.49 10.. in.24 29.9 0.64 32.19 99.0 6. in.08 304.12 135.6 0.77 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.6 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.5 0.63 46.5 0.0 13.2 0.10 1.33 21.46 55.1 0.14 103.83 6.06 130.29 63.62 96.25 21.16 23.16 23.10 209. STRUCTURAL GR.16 23.83 29. wg in.83 6.8 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.0677 0.50 2.28 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.5 0.05 540.42 8.15 41.12 135.7 0.6 0.40 34.29 63.7 0.41 24.4 0.50 5.0 8.33 21.38 16.6 0.19 5.24 25.8 0.63 21.22 68.3650 0.3 0.33 15.17 17.15 41.1 0..05 3.25 11.5 0. Def.3 0. wg in.2 0.0 13.3 0.4 0.16 23.50 6.33 10.60 0.02 1469.0 2.5 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.0 0.6 0.42 12.3 0.0 0.57 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 4. wg in.2 0.77 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.14 294.55 164.12 4. Def.2 0.6 0.49 27.67 8.34 102..33 15.6 0.3 0.01 1.1 0.14 244.1 0.5 0..6 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.25 21.16 34..6 0. in.0 0.83 5.9 0.02 2207.3 0.42 14.83 16. 0.29 72.4 0.9 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.15 49.0 0. Pr.8 0.48 36.33 10.9 0.2 0.6 0.50 10.6 0.12 50.14 80.83 11.3 0.7 0.50 5.2 0.3020 0.19 99. wg in.63 9.3 0.9 0.02 2210.6 0.4 0.27 84.06 588.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.25 14.04 977.50 13.0 3.9 0.6 0.03 834.33 8.8 0.0 0.0 0..50 11.67 5.43 70.2 0.8 0. ft in.22 68.75 62.0 0.15 49.3 0.0 3.50 6.9 0.33 10.33 31.8 0.82 50.1 0.14 80.83 20.50 11.2 0.22 105.25 14.50 6.24 165.18 193.67 14.7 0.34 123.33 10.12 135.5 0.8 0.50 13.5 0.36 60.8 0.9 0.0 0.7 0.1 0. Def.6 0.0 4..50 19.83 6.75 Table 6. Pr.6 0.46 46.1 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.50 6.4 0.44 Thickness.08 53.4 0.2 0.2 0.19 99.1 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.75 14.4 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.07 548.15 41.3 0.25 21.0 0.03 635.83 20.12 Unstiffened NA NA 3.41 16.15 41.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 4.0 0.0 0.40 34. in.65 29.10 74.3 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.42 6.0 2.75 35.20 98.24 29. wg in.0 3.0 8.3 0.75 4.43 80..41 16.08 304.25 21.12 32.08 53.67 7.75 11.33 21.75 92.1 0.7 0. Def.6 0.6 0.15 244.6 0.16 23.45 95.2400 0.64 50.15 244.0 0.9 0.50 19.48 36.41 24.83 7.24 45.9 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.6 0. ft Spacing l.6 0.6 0.14 80.05 2.09 132.17 17.7 0.75 3.07 548.07 101.0 6.31 45.83 15. in.0 8.43 110. Pr.1 0..5 0.16 34.4 0.18 5.17 139.4 0.2 0.7 0.3 0.41 24.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.5 0. in.66 4.6 0.83 15.33 21.5 0. Pr.7 0.6 0.24 25.9 0..5 0.4 0.8 0.15 49.29 60 6.1 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.23 6.15 49.0 0.36 60.09 371.29 6.9 0.6 0.12 440.0 0.24 25.7 0.24 25.5 0.25 14.83 3.05 149.2 0.82 26.49 35.17 387.0 30.0 0.2 5.33 8.4 0.22 68.08 304.1 0.0 0.7 0.12 135.46 46.05 287.9 0.37 140.33 57.0 13.4 0.1 0.6 0.0 0.8 0.27 84.2 0.6 0.

.00 12. Pr.0 8. wg in.5 1.5 1.8 1. Def.7 0.4 0.6 1.39 46. wg in.6 0.9 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.9 0.6 0.9 0.9 0. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.8 1.0 NA NA NA 2.67 9.29 63.24 140.6 0.66 16.1 0.65 3.0 0.7 0.50 6.82 25.83 6.66 5.2−1A.98 28. Pr.33 31.65 26..33 21.7 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.25 14.6 0.33 18.12 4.41 16. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.64 32.0 6.5 0.42 14.5 0.58 10.50 10.83 5.4 0.33 14.8 1.67 8.1 0.6 0.33 4.0 1.3 0.22 68. in.67 7.0 1.00 4.6 0.83 3.4 1.1 0.41 16.66 3.0677 0.6 0.58 Up To Up T 10.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.66 3. Pr.3 1. 0.50 19.5 0.2 1.42 12.66 3.19 99.0 12.6 0.4 0.24 140. wg in.67 7.67 11.5 1.7 1. in.3020 0.9 0. wg in.2400 0.8 1.6 0.2 0.60 0.65 3.66 4.0 0.20 Larger 5.24 25.6 0.32 20.77 12.3 0..42 8.36 60.5 0.83 15.41 16.5 1.31 45.0 8.8 0.83 5.9 0.3 0.66 4.6 0.33 10.1 0. W.0 0.1 0.24 45.6 0.9 0.3 1.4 0.50 0.25 11. 6.6 0.3 0. Def.0 1.3 0.5 0.64 32.33 18.49 27.0 0.67 5. Pr.41 24.24 45.33 6.8 0.46 46.8 0.5 0.33 12.5 0.83 20.80 35.2 0.80 35.00 1.19 99.2 0.83 11. Def.1 0.22 68.49 27.62 47.9 1.1775 0.6 0.1 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 1205F .17 139.50 11.62 47.9 0.3 0.0 8.7 0.36 60. Def.00 16.0 3.33 10.36 60.24 25.29 7.3 0.1 0.12 4.67 5.3 0.33 15.0 0.3 0.48 36.8 1.0 0.4 1.66 5.24 29.25 14. and in magnitude by as much as 100%..32 20.38 Than 8.4 0. in.0 NA NA 2.5 0. Pr.6 0.83 7.1 0.6 0.27 84.6 0.5 0.90 3.00 3.67 9.8 0.7 0. in.5 0.0 5.34 94.7 1.1 0.67 11. in.22 68. wg in.1 0.4 0.83 5.9 0.83 20.25 11.0428 0.50 5.25 21. ft in.8 0. in.33 4. in.40 2.33 14.41 24.82 25..5 0.50 5.33 4.5 1.0 NA NA NA 2.8 0.33 8.7 0.66 20.2 0.33 12. wg in.8 1.9 1.3 0.0 6.98 28.67 8.0 0.5 = 24.2 0.2 0.42 14.38 8.4 0.2 0.27 84.29 6.8 1.6 0.5 1. wg in.2 0. Def.3 0.33 3.31 45. Def.4 1.8 1.0 5.7 0.4 1.8 1.67 5.1 0.83 20.2 0..9 0.66 5. Def..5 0. in.48 36.3 0.00 4.3 0.42 14.9 0.95 16.4 0.6 0.8 0.00 5.50 2.33 15.4 0.43 70. wg in.83 15.7 0.31 20.5 0.1 0.39 46.48 36.42 8.42 12.67 9.6 1.67 7. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.0 6.83 4.31 45.4 0.15 244.6 0.1 0. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.33 31.4 1.67 14.1 0..46 46.33 8.50 10. Def.7 0..0 NA NA NA 2.8 0. wg in.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.42 6.17 139..25 11. ft Spacing l.24 29.66 20.8 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.50 13.00 3.66 25.. in.3 0.5 1.3650 0.0 4.00 2.67 7.0 1.1 0.4 0.33 3.64 32..7 1.6 1.83 6. b.8 0.9 0. c.9 1.34 94. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct. Def.9 0.8 1.42 6..5 0.83 4.66 3. Def.33 9.4 0.31 20..00 6.5 0.2 0.6 0. Def. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.33 9.40 34.6 1.2 0.24 45.67 14.5 1.20 5.33 6.7 1.41 24.17 139.24 29.1 0. and are based on a yield strength of 36.58 10.77 12.99 20.0538 0.0 2.0 8.15 244.9 1.15 244.1 0.3 0.7 0.8 0... and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct..4 0.65 Table 6.2 0.3 0.24 140.66 20.4 0.3 1.4 1.67 8.50 5.6 0.9 0.1 0.40 34.3 0.27 84.83 7.8 0.67 11.2 1.83 11.12 4.00 9.1 0. 3.33 15.83 6.43 70.4900 Weight.50 19.8 0.66 3.39 46.33 8.62 47.80 1.9 0.66 17.0 6.6 0.0 3. in.65 26. wg in.40 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.0 2.0 4.6 1.77 20.1 0.67 14.25 21. These deflection values are relative and approximate.4 0.1265 0.8 0.6 0.1 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out). Pr.0966 0.25 21.5 0.50 6..000 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).99 2.0 2.67 7.83 7.9 0.83 11.50 13.0 8.3 1.33 10. Pr.50 10.7 0.43 70.6 0.33 4.1 0.0 4.1 0.10 1. Pr.83 15.00 12.7 0.0 3.0 NA NA 2.99 20.1 0.46 46. The left−hand column (labeled Pr. Pr. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.33 21.33 21.3 0.4 0.99 2.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.65 26.5 0.4 1.7 0.9 0.50 6.25 14. in.67 7.3 0.2 0.0 5.7 0.3 0.00 9.4 1.83 3.2 0..80 35.7 0.2 5.1116 0.67 9..9 0.0 0.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F (continued) NOTES: a.38 8.9 1.34 94.19 99.9 0.9 0.6 0.33 31.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.83 4.83 3.67 9. Pr.42 8.95 16.000 psi.6 0.6 0.7 0.42 12.49 27.50 11.8 1.00 6.1 0. wg in.33 18.0 2.4 1.24 25.8 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.29 63.45 STRUCTURAL GR.1 0.8 0..2 0.6 0.00 16.5 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.66 4.50 19..29 6.6 0.40 34.4 1.3 1.5 0.9 0.66 3. in.00 5.82 25.0 0.50 13.29 63.8 0.3 0.1 0.50 11.0 2.42 6.67 9. wg 0.

Pr.9 0.7 0. wg in.2 0.07 534.0 0.07 534..75 10.1 0.0 11.18 1.66 19.2 0.3 0.83 3.8 0.9 0.25 10.65 25.5 10.2 0.25 24.0 0.0 0.05 160.5 0.44 80.24 161.33 20.9 0. Def.0 2.1 0.9 0.66 3.31 44.8 0.12 21.2400 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.20 208. in.4 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.3 0. Pr.42 11.6 0.07 646.4 0.0 4. in.1 0.6 0.75 4.0 0.10 241.7 0.7 0.9 0.33 14.1 0.6 0.25 24.20 102.08 294.0 11.41 23.16 50.46 54.3 0.3 0.20 96.6 0.33 30.4 0.7 0.50 19.25 13. STRUCTURAL GR. W.3 0.29 61.38 20.9 0.6 0.0 3..42 13.0 0..17 20. in.0 11..42 7.7 0.24 137.62 94.75 4.0 0.75 21.7 0.02 2153.1 0.27 82.24 43. Pr.6 0.0677 0.7 0.01 2.08 294.48 35.83 10.33 20.8 0.5 0..83 19.2 0.15 238.42 13.12 4.7 0. Def.17 20. wg in.7 0.4 0.1 0.0 3.18 180.08 355.15 287.5 0.5 0. Def.2 0.39 45.10 201.4 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.75 15. 1.50 11.0 5.6 0.0 0.4 0.08 792.6 0..05 832.42 5.7 0.48 35.2 0.2 0.15 46.83 3.05 268.0 0.16 72.2 0.64 47.02 2153.4 0.33 17.12 4.5 0.5 0.10 201.00 1.8 0.83 3.15 76.67 13.40 33.5 0. wg 0.67 7. wg in.4 0.2 0.50 9.25 20.5 0..3650 0.7 0.3 0.75 59.7 0.25 24.75 37.33 7.1 0.5 0.7 0.18 5.6 0.15 238.32 178.15 77.1 0.9 0.8 0.24 28.4 0.22 66.3 0.46 Thickness.67 8.25 10.8 0.0 0.39 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.8 0.7 0.0 4.8 0.2 0.1 0.17 15. wg in.0 0.7 0.25 24.4 0.50 19.52 84.5 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.02 1421.5 0.62 46.6 0.27 107.33 7.9 0.03 801.6 0.0 0.17 378.7 0.63 2.17 20. in.6 0.0 5.90 3.8 0.42 13.49 27.08 34.1 0.5 0.41 15.7 0.1116 0.0 3. in.6 0..4 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.64 31.50 9.58 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.5 0.60 0.0 0.0 7.82 24.42 7.06 110.06 355..1775 0.6 0.31 44.83 15.33 17.2 0.83 10.29 60 6.77 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.66 19.21 89.7 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.50 11.25 24.83 5.4 0.33 30.39 45.77 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.6 0.3 0.16 38.67 9.2 5.07 83.5 0.5 0.31 44.33 17.11 3.39 45.04 499.9 0.83 2. Pr.0 4.0 0.1 0.83 7.8 0.7 0.6 0.44 107.37 58.1 0.33 41.1 0.13 129.46 45.4 0.4 0.0 3.24 43.19 5.1 0. in.3 0.13 189.6 0.31 88.0 0.6 0.5 0.0 2.5 0.37 58.0 25.7 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F .25 13.48 35.5 0.17 15.75 37.83 2.17 134.33 14.14 93.0 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.13 336.33 9.0 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.50 12.6 0.83 5.83 10.17 15. in. Pr.27 82.7 0.3 0.6 0.25 20.40 33.24 28.22 100.0 7.30 198.33 9.24 28.05 324.2 0.80 1.09 4.29 6.02 1181.16 38..2 0.38 11. Pr.2 0.50 6. in.0 0.1 0.2 0.0538 0.7 0.15 46.33 14.4 0.48 62.9 0.7 0.1 0.08 47..9 0.29 61.6 0.0 0.80 36. Def.41 23.40 2.4 0.75 7.0 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.63 8.0 0.33 30.33 9.7 0.50 6.49 32.08 294.4 0.83 2.0 25.2 0.0 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.03 2.75 12.7 0.3 0.33 20.9 0..0 0.1 0.41 15. ft in.82 47.6 0.50 12.12 28.4 0.25 68.4 0.33 30.63 19.20 5. Pr.42 11.24 28.2 0.75 18.16 32.12 4.0 4.04 953.41 2.15 46.58 10.46 92.9 0.33 7.2 0.1 0.5 0.0 2.0 6.3 0.4 0.0 11.34 119.7 0.8 0.6 0.13 129.1 0.5 0.9 0.12 Unstiffened NA NA 0.15 46.33 9.42 5.04 1512.7 0.3 0.22 66.06 1441.0 7.0 11. Pr.9 0.2 0.0 3.37 98.5 16. Pr.42 7.0 0.7 0.4 0.05 522.05 136. ft Spacing l.5 0.01 1.3 0.0 0.8 0.0 7.39 64.0 5.44 69.1 0.39 10.17 134.2 0.09 353.06 107.3 0.4 0.08 223.7 0.36 50.3 0. wg in.5 0.4 0.15 236.0 2.4 0.8 0.7 0.82 25.46 45.1 0.7 0.0 0.83 15.6 0.1 0.17 15.25 20.3020 0.17 158. in.1 0.2 0.25 13.0 0.4 0.3 0.26 141.80 59.8 0.7 0.25 10.33 7.50 4.5 0.83 27.05 1.16 32.0 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.40 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.33 14.7 0.4 0.6 0.17 20.9 0. in.6 0. Pr.29 67.9 0.83 19.24 200.41 23.2 0.33 14.50 12.0 0.0 6.4 0.8 0. wg in.20 96.2 0.3 0.2 0.15 238.66 3.28 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 3.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.4 0.17 20.4 0.08 34.05 2.17 15.7 0.1 0.24 43.3 0.67 9.1 0.42 7.1 0.08 294.33 7.2 0.18 160.4 0.0 0..16 38.06 565.07 83.0 0.68 88.29 61.25 13.1 0.5 0.10 124.17 20.05 3.73 2.6 0.50 4.50 11.9 0.25 13. Def.4 0.00 2..05 3.24 43.34 92.7 0.4 0.7 0.22 66.75 8. Def.10 1.67 13.25 10.29 40 4.31 44..41 15.1 0.2 0.1 0.22 66.7 0.24 28.2 0.65 27.4 0.33 17.5 0.8 0.40 33.40 33..42 5.9 0.6 0.0 0.50 6.0 0.12 429. wg in.0 0.6 0.50 6.3 0.24 137. 0.2 0.25 20.5 0.9 0.1 0.83 15.7 0.8 0.03 966.38 134.5 0.13 129.33 17.1 0.9 0.9 0.75 90.83 6. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 1205F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6..9 0.03 604.4 0.0 0.9 0...4 0.0 0.20 96.25 360.5 0.0428 0.9 0..16 32. Def.83 6.08 47.49 27.7 0.0 11.0 0.42 5.8 0. Def. Def.63 41.50 9.1 0.24 6.09 539.7 0.7 0.25 20.41 23.0 0.50 4.6 0.25 10.6 0.6 0.67 8. Def.41 15.37 58.42 11.9 0. wg in. Def.6 0.50 12. in.1 0.8 0.83 7.16 32.7 0.2−2A.78 92.8 0.13 150.75 32.83 6.17 15.0 2.0 5.2 0.66 4.5 0.36 8.75 Table 6.49 27.7 0.1 0.50 9.10 69.75 2.7 0.03 Unstiffened 5.4 0.8 0.07 534..0 5.15 76.0 5.50 0.0966 0.05 3.33 20. in.07 534.63 12.2 0.10 201..16 32.1 0.8 0.3 0.16 38.0 7.9 0.11 56.0 2.8 0.1 0.17 134.5 0.5 0.7 0.15 76.24 47.7 0. wg in.50 2.1 0.2 0.83 5.56 160.42 11.12 46.0 4.5 0.6 0.67 7.34 98.2 0.16 38.4900 Weight.1 0. wg in.5 0.33 9.66 4.15 46.8 0.3 0.50 19.83 7.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0. wg in.6 0.33 20.0 0.9 0.50 11.15 76.13 129.0 0.1265 0.4 0.42 13.50 4.4 0.05 3.38 168.9 0.1 0.50 19.1 0.27 82.10 201.

00 12.0 1.98 28.66 16.0 0.0 0. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.1265 0.00 6.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F (continued) NOTES: a.7 0.0 0.1 0. in.24 43.2 0. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.80 35.9 0.5 0.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.1 0.39 8.2 0.25 20.33 7.0 NA NA NA 2.0 0.31 44.67 13.2 1.9 0.17 134.29 61.0 6.4 0. c.. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.0 4.83 7.40 2.2 0.7 0.00 4.0 5.24 28.33 20.50 4.33 6.67 9. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.6 1.0 2.1 0.64 31.17 134.6 0..6 0.33 4. Def.3 1.33 20.0 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.2 5.39 45.41 15. Def.40 33.39 45.6 0.000 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).22 66.3 0.33 7.83 3.2 1.31 20.48 35.41 23.5 0.4 0.00 3.34 92.95 16.9 0.1 0. Def.83 2.83 10.33 9.8 0.25 13.1 1.4 1.9 0.5 0.6 1. in.1 0.7 0.66 3.. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).4 0.00 3.67 13.9 0.3 1.0 3.4 1.7 1.66 3.50 9. 3.44 69.50 0.66 24.2 1.67 9.65 25. Def.2 0.49 27.4 1.000 psi.6 1.5 0.8 0.1 0.66 3.33 30.8 0.5 0.4 1.5 = 24.50 11.7 0.1 0.5 0.33 4.9 0.5 0.3 0. ft Spacing l.12 4.0 0.49 27.0 1.9 0. and are based on a yield strength of 36.62 46.4 1. Pr.65 3.1 0.4900 Weight.2 1.33 11.25 10. Def.5 0.4 1.0 8.66 4. in.82 24.6 0.29 6.25 13.00 12.5 0.20 5.5 1. wg in.46 45.0 3.66 3.0 0.2 1.66 19.34 92.00 8.83 6.1 0.2 0. in.0 NA NA NA 2.0677 0.3020 0.7 0.50 6.2400 0.42 13.31 44.67 9.82 24. wg in.3 0. wg in.5 1.20 96.4 1.. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.66 3.66 19.83 19.33 17.42 7. b.5 1.67 7.50 9.10 1.22 66.7 0.77 12.46 45.42 13.29 7. Def.0 0.5 0.1 0.27 82.00 8. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.12 4.25 10.6 0.2 0.25 24. in.4 0.0 0.83 2.0 0.9 0.17 134.00 6.0 0.66 3.7 0.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.7 0.0 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.48 35.5 0.9 0.31 20.0966 0.33 3.20 96.33 9.1 0.99 20.2 0.5 0.67 7.27 82.4 0.66 5.50 4.77 12. in.4 0.50 19. Pr.5 0.8 1.7 0.83 7.00 2..6 0.67 8.2 0.50 11.0 0.2 0.42 5.6 0.83 5. wg in.60 0. Def.00 16.6 0.50 19.8 0.6 0.3 0.90 3.0 0.83 15.5 0.7 0.37 58.4 1.6 1.40 33.33 7. Pr.67 11.98 28.67 11.7 0.40 33.83 2.41 15.33 17.83 19.2 1.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.8 0.33 9.50 4.24 137.0 2.80 35.7 0.24 28.64 31.67 7.1 1.0 NA NA NA 2.24 28.40 0.8 0.65 25.33 14.4 1.50 11.66 19.48 35.5 0.3 0.0 7. Pr.2 0.33 14.66 3..0 0.66 4.2 0. in.67 11.3 0. Pr.0 5..0 0.15 238.42 13.58 10.7 0.6 1.5 0.9 0.6 0. in.50 12.24 137.9 0.3 1.80 1.1 0.50 12.64 31.44 69.34 92.2 1. wg in.8 1.0 0. Def.1 0.20 96.6 1.8 0.0 0.6 0.67 7.6 1.95 16.9 0.66 4.58 10.15 238. Pr..83 7.5 0.3 0.2 1..4 0.3 0.3 0.65 Table 6. wg in.25 24.42 7.33 30.46 45. 0.3 1. Pr.4 0.67 9.67 9.5 1.0 3.8 0.3 0.3 0.1775 0.12 4.42 5.4 0.29 61..0428 0.9 0.0 2.27 82.0 4.6 1.0 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.5 0.83 15.67 8.20 Larger 5. Pr. ft in.2 0.8 1.33 14.6 0.6 0..1 0..66 3.0 0.0 2. Def.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.4 0.42 5.49 27.50 9.6 1.50 2.0 0.33 17..25 24.0 NA 2.2 1. 6.83 5.0 NA NA 2.6 0.7 1.15 238.58 Up To Up T 10. wg in.2 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.5 0.6 0.0 8.7 0.5 0.3650 0.6 0.8 0.83 10.29 61. Def.0 0.8 0.25 13.0 5.1116 0.83 5.83 19.7 0.00 4.33 9.9 1.9 0.50 6.2 0.83 10.7 0.66 15.7 0.33 14. wg in.2 0.83 15.66 5.8 0.0 2.7 0..66 5.7 0. W.7 0. in. wg in.0 0. in. Pr.0538 0.50 19.5 0.6 0.0 0...9 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.2 0.65 3.3 0.4 0.31 44.5 0.6 0.7 0.4 0. Pr. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.39 8. Def.24 43.47 STRUCTURAL GR.33 14.62 46.0 0.1 0.67 9.25 20.5 0.9 1.2−2A.83 6.6 0.77 20.62 46. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.2 1.33 9.83 3.1 1.24 43.33 11.7 0.7 0.25 20.7 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.39 Than 8.67 7. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 1205F .2 1.33 4.33 4.1 0. in.42 11.37 58.9 0.8 0.99 20.2 0.0 0.33 20.33 20.6 0.00 1.0 NA NA 2.37 58.2 1.67 13.80 35..29 6.65 25.1 0.0 0.7 0.3 0..67 8.5 0.3 1.0 2..42 11.24 137.00 16.33 6.50 6.2 0.82 24.2 0.5 0.0 12.0 7.67 7.83 6. wg 0.7 1.33 30.00 5.66 3.6 0. wg in.33 20.0 4.42 7. wg in.25 10.00 5. in.5 0.0 NA 2.1 0.41 23.5 0.1 1.2 0.41 23.4 1.3 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.2 1.41 15.7 1.9 0.42 11..39 45.7 0..50 12.1 0.83 3.44 69..22 66.33 3.

33 28..9 0.16 28. wg in.67 13.9 0.77 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.8 0..50 8.3 0.1 0.9 0.10 191.75 2.9 0. wg in.49 26. Pr.83 19..2 0.8 0.6 0.03 2.9 0.2 0.25 18.2 0.63 37.33 18.17 17.17 17.50 8.6 0.9 0.15 230.15 42.3 0.24 25.75 19.1 0..0677 0.7 0.1265 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.41 32.25 22.2 0.25 348.42 14.4 0.3 0.6 0.34 90.0 4.24 40.19 152.07 517.18 129.0 0.50 10.12 24.2 0.07 517.4 0.10 228.0 0.25 22.42 6.66 18.30 58.6 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.83 6.4 0.50 18.6 0.0 0.33 15.32 42.2 0.9 0.5 0.25 18.48 Thickness.46 44.42 12..8 0.4 0.57 154.16 35.2 0.3 0.75 9..50 8.67 8. wg in.7 0.7 0.8 0.15 70.0 0.2 5.33 8.0 12.5 0.8 0.33 13.83 3..2 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.33 15.9 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.0 8.1 0.32 82.83 6.2 0.17 17.2 0.9 0.30 58.1116 0.02 2082.6 0.8 0.13 172.6 0.49 29.25 11.30 62.05 3.30 58.01 1.4 0.15 42.4 0.8 0.9 0.05 294.83 14.0 4.8 0.2 0.6 0.0 0. Pr.83 10.44 103.9 0.33 15.3 0.51 10.77 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.49 26.29 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.5 0. wg in.50 18.5 0.3 0.1 0.75 2.6 0.8 0.12 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 4.7 0.0428 0.83 19.75 6.0 8.50 10.29 40 4.15 230. Def.42 14.5 0.0 6.09 281.42 10.9 0.22 62.1 0.15 70.0 0.6 0.17 365.3 0.27 104.48 34.42 14.25 22. in.49 26.63 10.1 0. Def.0 0.48 58.0 0.25 22.29 60 6.08 39..6 0.42 6.2 0.19 1.5 0.3 0.11 3.4 0.64 45..24 25.69 84.2 0.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F .1 0.7 0.0 8.3 0.8 0.41 22. wg in.80 89.0 2.15 81.37 93.0 0.39 127.33 172.1 0.7 0.39 43.19 5.3 0.75 17.0 0.1 0.05 3.05 244.3 0.50 5.6 0.0 2.1 0.16 35.59 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.67 7.33 18.25 11.41 22.4 0.9 0.20 5.20 164.42 12.46 44.44 76.9 0.41 32.0 8.07 535.04 563.9 0.4900 Weight.05 1.06 120.2 0.4 0.4 0.27 58.0 4.3 0.6 0..66 4.4 0.5 17..40 2.12 4.12 415. ft in.39 58.12 41.6 0.75 14.18 129.1 0.7 0.0 0.44 67.5 0.22 93.09 281.25 18.24 40..3 0.7 0.03 897.39 10..33 18.50 11.7 0.5 0.05 795.42 2.00 1.25 18.0 27.41 32.7 0.3 0.15 42.05 3.75 29.0 0.54 78.0 4.0 0.9 0.0 0.27 79.9 0.5 0.24 25. Def.20 5.05 2.34 94.46 50.63 91.3 0.0 0.9 0.15 70.11 51.7 0.6 0. in.08 72.4 0.4 0.25 156.4 0.6 0.83 6.0 0.2 0.83 14.6 0.3 0.20 91.4 0.08 72.8 0.0 6.50 18.7 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.75 11.0 0.7 0.7 0.67 13.36 8.7 0.33 13.75 Table 6. Def.6 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.33 18.0 12.0 3.0 0.33 8.15 42.1775 0. wg in.5 0.58 10. W.25 11.9 0.80 1.13 135.31 189.0 0.3 0.50 5.1 0.50 11.8 0.39 162.2 0.83 5.4 0.10 114.6 0.5 0.25 22..83 10. ft Spacing l.2 0.6 0.0 0.10 510.5 0.50 2.16 28. Pr.2 0.10 191.42 14.7 0. wg 0.5 0.7 0. in.22 62.33 8.0 3.0 0.42 10.0 3.2 0.33 13.6 0.67 6.6 0.6 0.9 0.13 121.33 8.9 0.17 17.6 0.38 16.75 7.6 0.7 0.7 0.06 94.0 0.6 0.17 17.8 0.2 0.4 0.40 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 1205F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.3 0.0966 0.42 10.06 104. Def.37 56.2 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.82 24.08 757.2 0.01 2.5 0.83 25.42 6.0 0.2 0.66 4.3 0.04 466.0 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.2−3A.66 24.16 59.24 40.16 28.33 28.37 56.83 6.48 34.1 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.05 3.3 0. Pr.50 5.20 91.41 22.66 25. Def.5 0.5 0.9 0.7 0..20 91.29 6.15 70.4 0.09 281.13 121.13 Unstiffened NA NA 6.50 0.4 0.2400 0. Def.3 0.5 0.06 336.5 0.42 12.63 45. wg in.6 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.75 35.7 0.75 56.25 133.4 0.0 6.16 35.8 0. in.27 133.0 2.18 129.75 87.4 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.41 22. wg in.0 6.1 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.02 1129.2 0.9 0.7 0.0 0.50 10.0 0.0 0.0 8.1 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.90 3. Pr.24 40.2 0.83 14.7 0.14 314.33 8.4 0.16 28.3 0.32 42.7 0.67 7.0 0.9 0.4 0.15 277.83 3.83 6.1 0.32 42.13 121.33 15.20 99.05 499.46 88.50 5.6 0.5 0.0 2.33 13.9 0..6 0.07 517..83 5.6 0.82 24.7 0.41 32.9 0.50 10. in. wg in.3 0.0 0.0 6.24 40.04 921.5 0. Def.25 11.8 0.22 62.33 15.25 11.3 0.0 0.0 6.06 1393.42 12. Def..8 0.37 56. Def.15 230. in.4 0.3 0.63 15.24 6.12 4.9 0. Pr.06 133.0538 0.4 0.2 0.33 28.3 0.7 0.39 43.1 0.22 62.6 0.5 0.9 0.81 56.8 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.42 10.4 0.5 0.3650 0.0 0.32 42.04 1462.7 0.3 0.03 Unstiffened 6.7 0.5 0.33 37.2 0.16 35.03 758.0 0.9 0.66 18.0 0.1 0.4 0.07 625.6 0.1 0. in.13 121.81 34.00 2.7 0.9 0.83 6.5 0.33 18.6 0.16 28.0 4.16 35.0 0.4 0.67 8.33 28.8 0.0 4.10 1.75 3. 0. Pr.2 0.24 25.4 0.11 62.42 6.67 6.39 43.7 0.4 0.0 0.50 18.0 4.0 12.3 0.50 8.60 0.09 281. Def.5 0. wg in.09 329..8 0.50 11.5 0.48 34. Pr.0 27.3 0.0 4. Pr.8 0.82 45. in.34 113.0 6.21 198. in. STRUCTURAL GR.9 0.83 10.7 0.02 1359.5 0.50 11.6 0.4 0.8 0.83 5.0 12.10 191.07 517.09 4. in.0 12.3 0.7 0.3020 0.3 0..3 0.0 0.15 42.16 38.7 0. in.25 18.24 25.08 339.5 0.9 0.5 0.0 4.02 2082.9 0.6 0.83 3.17 17. Pr.18 150.27 79.15 225.5 0.23 77. in.27 79.10 191.08 39.0 12.25 133..3 0.08 208.1 0.33 13.1 0..4 0.7 0. 1.6 0.0 5.25 194.38 38.64 31.75 35.5 0.2 0.8 0. wg in.15 70.39 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.5 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.

8 0.5 1.7 0.6 0.9 1..5 1.6 0.7 0.7 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).1 0..25 11.0 NA 2.0 6. in.24 40.6 0.4 0.0 0.0677 0.33 8.6 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.33 19.25 133.0 1. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.33 18. Pr. wg in.0 0.1265 0.32 42.7 1.2 0.3 0.41 22.0 0.42 12.83 19. Pr.66 5.0 8.66 4.7 0.25 133.7 0.0 4.5 0.66 3. b.5 0.6 0.81 34.3020 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.12 4.25 18.4 0.48 34.1 0.00 2. in.33 6.25 18.33 3.15 230.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.63 45.66 5. These deflection values are relative and approximate. wg in.66 2.83 6.3 0.00 8.5 1.9 1.39 43.33 3. ft Spacing l.67 6. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def..33 18.50 8..4 0.44 67. Pr.50 11.22 62.83 14.50 0.2 0.6 0.42 6.49 26.00 4.8 0.4 0.5 0. Def.5 0.9 0.29 6.66 4.4 1.50 8.99 19.3 0.9 1.33 13.66 18.58 10. Pr.0 0.0 0.33 18. c.83 6.0 0.0 0.0 3.50 10.0 0.66 2.9 0.6 1.4 1.83 19.0 0.27 79.49 26.95 16.24 40.5 0.3 1.10 1.0 1.6 0.83 6.0 1.1 0.77 20.25 133.34 90.8 0.4 0.1 0.25 22.33 28.5 0. Def.0 8.50 5.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.7 0.33 4.5 1.0 0.30 58.9 0.67 9.27 79.20 91.50 11.67 7.64 31.0 NA NA 2. in.37 56.8 0.66 3. wg in.9 1.1 1.48 34.33 19.60 0.39 43.00 5.6 0.83 3.83 14. in.41 32.67 11.25 22.00 4.0 0.1 0.8 0.9 1.15 230.33 8.0 NA NA 3.83 3.0 8.20 91. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 1205F .9 1.22 62.82 24.8 0.7 0.7 0.50 11.66 24.5 0.0428 0.49 STRUCTURAL GR.41 22.64 31.83 10.66 18.3 0.1 0.65 3.7 0.9 1.82 24.0 0.4 0.0 0. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.15 230.4 0. Def. Def.3 0.2 0. W. Def.39 43.7 0.00 8.33 4..25 11.33 28.0 0.2 1. Pr.3 0.4 0.50 8.66 23.2 0.4 0.0 2.67 7.98 27.33 11. wg in.4 0.67 13.66 3.83 3.33 8.7 0.3 0.50 5.67 9.4 0.31 20. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.6 0.42 12.7 0.30 58.00 12.32 42.77 12.42 14.6 0..7 1.39 8. Pr.0 8.4 0.33 13.27 79.67 11. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.83 10.40 0. wg in.4 0.7 0.5 1.33 11.66 2.9 0.0 12.33 8.37 56.3 0.18 129. Pr.63 45. wg in. Def.66 15. wg in.5 0.2400 0.2 0.22 62.50 18..2 0.6 0.83 6.4 1.4900 Weight.7 0.67 7.33 6.67 8.33 15.24 25.95 16.8 1.67 9.0 3.4 1.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F (continued) NOTES: a.39 8.33 15. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.81 34.8 1. in.1 0.6 0.20 5.48 34.83 5.63 45.3 0.0 1.5 0.7 0. in.7 0.66 5. 6.000 psi.0 4.00 1.3 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 3.8 0. Pr.1 0.9 0.65 3. Def.25 11.4 0.44 67..0 NA 2.2 5.77 12.00 4. wg in.5 0.1 1.66 4.2 1.00 5.2−3A.0 4.90 3.1 0.0 4.32 42. in.33 15.0 2.4 0.0 0.0 8.4 0. and are based on a yield strength of 36. Pr.3 0.67 7.3 0.7 0.0 1.2 0.00 12.5 0.12 4.7 1.0 6.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.66 24.46 44.6 0.6 0..4 0. in.67 13.33 14.8 0.0 4.67 11.83 5.3650 0.29 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 6. Def.67 7.18 129.41 32.0 NA NA 2.0 0.00 15.5 0.0 0.5 = 24.34 90.24 25.3 0.5 1..1 1.1775 0.0 0.0 6. wg 0.33 13.0 0..0 1.5 0.12 4.1 1.49 26.64 31.4 0.50 2.66 15.0538 0.83 5.99 19.2 0.83 19.41 32.42 10.4 1. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.58 10..50 18.42 10. in. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.7 0.8 0.24 40.58 Up To Up T 10.42 12..6 0.5 0.0 1.50 10.3 0.00 4.5 1.2 0.25 22.41 22. ft in. Pr.42 6. wg in.2 0..50 18. in..42 6.5 0.1 0.46 44.31 20.0 0.20 91.4 0.42 10.5 0.7 0.0 2.7 0.7 0..50 10.83 6..5 0.67 7.3 0.7 1.8 0.67 8.3 0.18 129.83 14. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.3 0.1 0.2 1.4 0.6 0.0 1..000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.7 0.66 24.29 7.1116 0.4 0.46 44.1 1.33 28.67 8.6 0.0966 0...1 0.20 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS Larger 5.81 34.1 0.6 0.67 13.83 10.8 0.37 56.000 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).67 6.67 6.7 0.42 14.00 15.30 58.6 0.9 0.2 0..9 0.25 18.83 6.2 1.34 90. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36. in.1 0.65 Table 6. Def.0 0.3 1. wg in.6 0.0 NA NA 2. Def.8 0.0 4..66 18.0 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.2 1.44 67.98 27. wg in.7 1.2 1.3 0.40 2.33 8.9 0.6 0.7 0.33 14.50 5.39 Than 8.42 14. in.6 0.0 NA NA 3.24 25.80 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.0 1.82 24. Def.0 1.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.7 1. 3. 0.

2 5.5 0.6 0.3 0.83 6.66 23.1 0.3 0.41 30.0 2.33 11.3 0. wg in.5 0.0 3.09 265.28 75.25 23.8 0.0 0.8 0.7 0.0 9. in.4 0.16 37.63 7.4 0.1 0.17 26.32 40. wg in.5 0.75 Table 6.42 20.2 0.9 0.33 14.5 0.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F .75 16.50 7.63 87.2 0.07 79.28 96.16 31.30 60 6.4 0.7 0.8 0.42 9.5 0.16 31.08 59.1 0. Pr.07 495.42 11.0 2.4 0.50 16.7 0.15 64.28 124.33 16.0 2.32 40.06 3.8 0.7 0. Pr. Pr.59 10.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.65 30.33 26.16 31.2 0.42 20.47 83.4 0.5 0.4 0.16 221.33 16..2 0.75 52.83 9.30 55.0 0.1 0.30 55.10 301. in.0 0.5 0.6 0.33 16.7 0.33 26.11 3.2 0. in.1 0.5 0. Pr.0 5.15 64.11 178. W.41 30.1 0.82 23.24 37.2 0..3 0.4 0.19 1.83 6.0 0.4 0.5 0.48 33.6 0.38 26.50 Thickness.16 213.0 5.0 0. wg in.25 15.2 0.20 89. wg 0.0 0.4 0.0 4.0 4.8 0.75 17.4 0.83 4.5 0.2 0.05 750.39 53.42 9.24 37.6 0.83 13.25 6.3650 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 1205F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.30 55.22 187.2−4A.09 265.75 6. STRUCTURAL GR.5 0.1 0.5 0.50 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.41 118.5 0.1 0.0 30.8 0. Def.83 6.17 24.1 0.09 265.50 2.83 5.48 33.37 54.4900 Weight.3 0.01 1.6 0.5 0..5 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.25 23.8 0.49 24.. Def.7 0.50 7. wg in.48 53.06 115.23 85.5 0.15 64.8 0.5 0.40 155.25 15.26 334.75 2.03 706.5 0.67 12.8 0.8 0. wg in.7 0.0 6.4 0.35 110.5 0.7 0.5 0.37 88.10 475.4 0.0 0.90 3.4 0.16 37.16 266.13 398.83 13.24 37.1 0.2 0.37 8.8 0. Def.50 10.65 41.8 0.6 0.32 40.6 0.06 216.0 6. Def..11 178.83 4.04 514.2 0.42 13.5 0.8 0.3 0.72 79.29 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.1 0.75 8.6 0.33 30.09 265.03 2..4 0..6 0.2 0.5 0.0 6.06 313.3020 0.83 9.0 5.8 0.9 0.0428 0.08 320.9 0.16 67.0 3.13 112.4 0.50 9.20 5.67 7.00 1.4 0.66 5.4 0.3 0.47 46.75 32.81 54.5 0.9 0.13 112.10 1.1 0.09 4.42 11.1 0. in.35 91..12 4.8 0.9 0.75 25.50 7.25 19.16 31.9 0.83 23..0 0.0538 0.58 71.42 9...47 42.39 41.7 0.0 5.5 0.6 0.8 0.0 9.18 350. 0.13 112..18 122.75 2. in.63 44. ft Spacing l.0 14.5 0.1 0.17 24.00 2.3 0.0 4.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.8 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.67 6.32 178. wg in.0 3.1 0.5 0.25 15.3 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0966 0.15 152.78 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.1116 0.5 0.1775 0.4 0.3 0.25 19..9 0.4 0.24 37.50 10.17 24.2400 0.2 0.0 9.8 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.06 260.4 0.3 0.8 0.59 148.0 0.25 128.0 0.07 79.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 6.49 24.1 0. wg in.8 0.12 4.4 0.50 10.15 64.07 1335.40 0.8 0..25 23.8 0.06 3.4 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.67 12.19 5.42 20.0 0.18 142.4 0.5 0. 1.3 0.24 37.7 0. in.5 0.1 0.04 883.50 16.12 35.5 0.5 0.23 58.7 0.0677 0.49 24.5 0.6 0. wg in.50 10.7 0.0 0.3 0.17 24.8 0.8 0.7 0.42 13.16 37.18 122.5 0.48 33.8 0.83 18.07 499.11 178.1 0.3 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 6.66 17.07 495.9 0.4 0.9 0.16 221.5 0.1 0.7 0.3 40 4. Def. Def.07 495.2 0.8 0. Pr.32 75.9 0.83 5.83 18. Pr.50 9..43 2.4 0.0 6. Def.5 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.37 54.07 495.44 99.13 Unstiffened NA 4.42 20.33 14.7 0.0 4.44 71. Def.28 75.02 1065.63 11.2 0.08 715.12 44.75 33.11 54.25 19.50 9.5 0.20 141.0 4.2 0..75 9.66 5.5 0.5 0.33 11. Pr.20 86.5 0.78 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.35 87.7 0.18 122..1 0.16 31.0 14.4 0. in.7 0.25 15.0 6. in.3 0.75 82.16 46.33 14.5 0.5 0.2 0.42 11.50 16.63 30.4 0.2 0.07 599.0 9.39 41.14 287.25 185.4 0.9 0.05 1.83 5.5 19.8 0.3 0.4 0.60 0. wg in.9 0.8 0.25 19.9 0. ft in.3 0. wg in.66 17. Pr.16 37.23 58. Def.8 0.7 0.25 148.33 11.16 37. in.4 0.3 0.06 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS 3.0 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.0 14.8 0.33 16.0 0.81 33..1 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.7 0.40 2.8 0.7 0.42 13.13 112.2 0.42 13.02 1282.03 Unstiffened 8.31 46.50 16.2 0.05 471.13 128.47 42.0 14.5 0.0 6.52 10.2 0.2 0.67 7.06 3.2 0.3 0.81 85.42 11.23 58.5 0..0 0.17 24.42 9.0 14.1 0.25 15.5 0.39 10..32 40.66 23. Def.05 2.0 0.2 0.5 0.33 26.33 14.7 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.41 30.9 0.2 0.3 0.75 7.0 0.34 165.2 0.37 54.75 13..8 0.25 23.4 0.7 0.11 213.33 14.25 64.60 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.8 0.41 30.01 2.7 0.7 0. Pr.16 221. Pr.9 0.5 0.0 2.33 26.20 86.20 86.25 23.9 0.49 25.82 41.25 128.83 9.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 0..39 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.0 0.0 30.11 178. wg in.03 807.1265 0. in.83 13.50 9.9 0.82 23.15 64.5 0.80 1.44 65.0 5.7 0.33 11.0 14.7 0.08 191.5 0.9 0.02 1995.5 0.8 0.50 7.2 0.3 0.23 58.39 41.0 0.0 9.1 0.1 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.30 58.02 1995.22 145.67 6.5 0.10 102.83 4.6 0.33 16.04 425.06 102.5 0.20 5.6 0.25 19. Def.4 0.1 0.5 0.12 4. in. in.33 11.1 0.28 75.0 0.04 1402.7 0.1 0.0 0.08 59.2 0.2 0.

2 0.0 0.9 0.83 6.90 3.33 16. b.1116 0.67 6. Pr.78 12.66 23.10 1.0 0.000 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145)..2400 0.83 5. Pr.1 0.0 2..6 0.00 7. Pr.0 3.67 7.25 19.7 0.66 2.30 6.67 12.6 0. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.39 41.66 17.48 33.12 4.16 221.33 16.4 1.8 0.6 0.4 0.42 11.0 4.33 5.4 0.0 1. in.8 0. Def. Pr.0 5.63 44. Def.6 0.4 0.9 0.66 23.67 10. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.98 26.6 0.3 1.4 0. Pr. wg in.30 55.4 0.3 0.7 1.0 6.65 30.33 11.4 0.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.47 42.1265 0. wg in.66 17.81 33.00 7.83 5. Def. in. in.83 18.6 1.4 0.3 0.. Def.50 7.33 8.5 0.42 13.98 26. Def.99 18.50 2.3 0.00 15.5 0.30 55.5 0.5 0.2 0.31 20. in.9 0.1 1.2 5.2 0.0 0.33 3. ft Spacing l. Def.0 4.99 18. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.83 9.78 20.7 0.4 1.8 0.0 0.9 1.33 16.67 6. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.50 7.0 NA 2.33 14.0 5.25 23.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.5 0.3 0. 3.66 4.00 11.3 0..83 13.00 1.0 1. c.5 0.66 15.23 58.9 0.9 1.8 1.4 0.8 0.8 1.7 0.6 1.33 8.47 42.66 2.1 0.44 65.2 0.16 221.0 6.5 0.44 65.25 15. Def.1 0.3 0.5 0. W.2 0.50 10..18 122.8 0.60 0.33 14.66 6.67 8.4 1.2 0..50 9. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.00 5.42 20.49 24.0 8.81 33.9 1.7 0.83 6.1 0.83 6.41 30.50 0.1 1.67 10. in.4 0. wg in.37 54.8 0.25 15.1 0..4900 Weight.33 19.6 1.4 1.0 0.0 9.5 0.42 20.18 122.83 13.65 30. Pr. ft in.66 3.7 1.00 2..2 1.0 0.6 0.23 58.9 0.33 11.8 0.5 0.83 4..6 1.67 10.3 0.4 1.7 1.3 0.5 0.33 3.0 0..0677 0.78 12.8 0.2 0.42 13.1 0.8 0.28 75.0428 0.25 128..66 17.3 7.3 0.8 0.9 1. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.0 6.7 0.1 0. in. in.7 0..3 0.1 0.0 NA 2.9 0.0 8. 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 1205F .2 0.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F (continued) NOTES: a.7 1.35 87.0 3.7 0..6 1.8 1.82 23.59 10.24 37.9 0.49 24. in.1775 0. and are based on a yield strength of 36.5 0.6 1.50 16.67 12.2−4A..33 11.4 1.20 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS Larger 5.6 0.24 37.5 0.67 8.67 8.50 16.0966 0. in.5 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).33 3.6 1.20 86. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.65 Table 6.000 psi.7 0.42 9. wg in.25 15.66 4.00 5. These deflection values are relative and approximate.40 0.0 12.5 0.67 7.4 1.50 7.8 0.0 2.1 0.3 0.0 2.25 128.83 4.33 14.66 15.33 11.2 1.66 6.9 0..0 NA 2.7 0. wg in.24 37.1 0.. wg in.4 0.28 75.50 10.7 0.7 0.35 87.5 0. wg in.8 0. Pr.99 3..2 0.39 41.28 75.42 11.4 0.82 23.0 6.00 15.20 5.33 3.16 221.4 0.8 0.0 9.2 1.65 3.3 0. in.81 33.0 2. in.59 10.5 0.00 11.0 NA 2.3 0.42 13. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications..67 7.83 18.9 0.3 6.4 0.2 0.3 0..8 0.83 5.5 = 24.6 0.1 0.5 0.39 Than 8.66 22.40 2.3 0.3020 0.1 0.66 23.3 0.1 1.0538 0.5 0.20 86.39 41.67 6.37 54.25 23.6 0.5 0.1 0.8 0. Pr. Def.8 0.30 55.66 5..1 0.1 0.41 30.4 0.25 128.9 0.8 0.82 23.44 65.65 3.25 19.18 122.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.6 0.1 1.83 9.6 1.50 9.3 0.42 20.2 1. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.9 0.00 4.0 5.9 0.66 2.7 0.5 0.9 1.3650 0.4 0.20 86.42 9.2 0.4 1.5 0.33 13.3 0.67 12.3 0.41 30. 6.83 9.6 0.25 19.0 4.32 40.12 4. Def.33 19.6 1.7 0.9 0.6 0.31 20.5 0.83 13.25 23.83 18.63 44.50 9.96 16.0 0. in.47 42. Pr.51 STRUCTURAL GR.39 8.32 40.4 0.2 0.12 4.7 0.96 16.66 5.1 0.4 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.83 4.0 3.8 0.7 0.66 3. Def.50 16.42 11.33 11.0 2.8 0.0 9.8 0.2 1.4 0.5 0. wg in.3 0.3 1..33 13.2 0.1 0.33 5. wg 0. wg in.1 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.7 0.50 10.2 0.39 8.3 0.66 4. wg in.63 44.5 0.00 4.66 5.5 0.66 3.8 0.33 26.48 33.33 26.1 1.9 1.0 NA 2. Pr.66 6.7 1.5 0.59 Up To Up T 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 10.33 26.23 58. Def.65 30.6 1.7 1.49 24.7 0. wg in.7 1.32 40.80 1.42 9.7 0.48 33.99 3.37 54.1 1.35 87.6 1.

.79 17.09 182.31 18.2 0.75 37.14 41.24 9.5 0.40 10.8 0.2 0.5 0.80 2.64 16. wg in.11 178.12 27.9 0.40 5.5 0.64 6.30 39.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0. wg in.28 53. Pr.15 29.61 79.3 0.1 0.55 10.45 31.5 0.7 0.16 15.32 9.24 18.3 0.9 0.27 179.8 0.11 4.16 15.34 51.14 41.32 8.7 0.2 0.0 5.75 4.78 24.5 0.31 18.0 0.7 0.44 39.6 0.23 122.14 213.75 80.5 0.05 3.6 0.3 0.31 42.37 59.34 53.11 117.9 0.3 0.10 3. in.0 4.32 15.0 4.7 0.24 12.0 0.48 8.32 7.16 120.18 5.34 122.40 7.30 39.4900 Weight.4 0.9 0.40 14.0 0.9 0.3 0.16 15.1 0.31 18.07 717. wg in.30 81. Pr.08 265.23 21.4 0.06 1292.5 0.07 204.47 23.6 0.3 0.24 18.7 0.22 323.4 0.6 0.16 169.7 0.1 0.2 0.75 37.32 7.45 57.03 Unstiffened 7. in.38 32.7 0.03 460.15 29. wg in.0 3.3 0.38 29.9 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.11 117.02 880.0 0.6 0.3 0.34 88.75 21.1 0.3 0. ft in.3 0.32 90.80 3.80 9.5 0.4 0.6 0.80 5.5 0.0 25.05 3.16 120.8 0.4 0.75 4.6 0.41 96.39 20.9 0.80 13. W.3 0.15 29.04 855.3 0.64 7.9 0.2 0.8 0.14 70.0 0.16 15. Def.6 0.6 0.0 5.1 0.18 5.32 9.1 0.11 385.09 64.06 515.0 0.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 11.14 213.8 0.24 18.3 0.71 82.1 0. Pr.16 19.2 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.48 10.75 NA 0. Pr. wg in.63 18.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.40 5.5 0.8 0.40 12.2 0.0 6.80 2.9 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.48 5.05 120.9 0.0 0.18 5.40 7.4 0.0 0.16 19.1 0.11 117.0 0.59 40.5 0.6 0.28 53.8 0.16 19.0 5..48 10.80 3.48 16.08 265.9 0.32 7..5 0.18 85.48 10.5 0.0 0.44 50.32 15.4 0.30 50.40 5.14 69.48 4.14 213.63 26.3 0.0 0.38 29.6 0.0 0.0 0.64 6.31 26..4 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.02 1286.48 11.32 7.61 27.04 1.07 80.75 3. Pr.3 0.21 58.09 491.6 0.1 0.9 0.18 85.75 54. STRUCTURAL GR.5 0.0 4.0 0.41 72.0 11.46 77.0 3.45 31.2400 0.50 0. in.25 78.10 1.2 0.7 0.48 8.4 0. in.07 46.75 NA 0. in.9 0.05 323.9 0.3 0.0 0.28 63.31 26.4 0. Pr.5 0.0 0.12 310.5 0.79 17.80 13.0 0.5 0.8 0.23 38.63 9.36 10.18 188.48 16.3 0.0 11.32 15.4 0.15 35.23 21.63 14.8 0.9 0.17 5.2 0.15 35.. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 3505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.15 52.39 20.24 9.1 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.39 20.64 3.0 0.04 1356.4 0.05 3.9 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.01 2099.9 0.05 130.75 Table 6. wg 0.4 0.11 138.32 7.6 0.5 0.24 9.67 2.9 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.24 9.32 15.7 0.16 120.0 0.60 0.77 34.3 0.23 38.3 0.4 0. 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.18 97.4 0.48 4.9 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.6 0.80 6.80 5.6 0.2 0.40 12.9 0.30 39.48 8.4 0. Def.6 0.8 0.15 35.1 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.34 51.4 0.80 5.61 45.48 5.08 265.17 146.3 0.0 0.0 7.7 0.06 479.10 52.80 5.08 325.30 39.6 0.23 21.40 10.23 144.02 1931.09 182.5 0. Pr.6 0. wg in.75 17.48 11.1 0.28 53.6 0.0 2. Def. ft Spacing l.3 0.21 58.6 0. wg in. Def.40 14.9 0..40 7.4 0.11 4..5 0.2 0.1 0.15 35.6 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.75 10.0 0.5 0.7 0.26 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.5 0.6 0.05 3.4 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.64 7.15 29.8 0.06 479. in.31 26.21 58.02 1069.23 38.23 21.7 0..12 20.4 0.0 0.1 0.7 0..9 0.63 22.34 150.4 0.39 20..14 69.11 Unstiffened NA NA 3.75 13.7 0. Def.8 0.64 4.6 0.38 2.48 11.21 92.0 0.15 29.24 12.45 10.8 0.0 5.64 12.3 0.18 85.7 0.8 0.2 0.23 25.24 9.8 0.5 0.0 7.0 0.4 0.21 6. in.3 0.06 579.0 7.64 12.5 16.9 0.0 7. Def.2 0.7 0.5 0.03 2.3 0.78 45.40 10.0 0.6 0.0 2.9 0.4 0.3 0.48 16.41 83.6 0.6 0.53 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.05 752.31 18. Def.80 14.0 2.1 0.0 3.40 14.64 4. Def..1 0.12 90.5 0.16 15.40 10.50 143.0 0.13 257..24 18.7 0.78 21.15 35.7 0.23 47.9 0.9 0.3 0.24 12.75 15.5 0.32 13.2 0.14 69.01 2.1 0.00 2.8 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.0 5.6 0.50 2.48 16.5 0.5 0.5 0.47 23.80 9.37 39.06 479.25 72.1 0.16 19.6 0.1265 0.1 0.80 3.0 2.0 0. wg in.4 0.64 8.59 84.6 0.07 80.0 5.52 Thickness.7 0.09 114.6 0.4 0.8 0.48 8. in.0 3.0 2.5 0.36 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.63 42.5 0.3 0.7 0.71 Unstiffened NA NA 0.7 0.64 3.80 6.0538 0.09 182.23 128.0 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.40 12.0677 0.9 0.1 0.4 0.32 13.04 2.1 0.40 7.0966 0.8 0.2−1A.0 0.40 14.23 25.7 0.32 13.41 60.3650 0. Def.08 4.0 0..18 86. Def.04 251.4 0.4 0.07 321.21 67.48 5.75 8.80 5.80 5.23 38.75 7.11 117.09 220..7 0. wg in.32 9.14 41.4 0.64 16.05 144.0 7.6 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.44 39.5 0.04 299.07 33.24 18.4 0.0 25.48 5.14 69.9 0. 1.4 0.2 0. Pr.22 179.4 0.1775 0.0 6.0 0.14 69.03 730.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0....14 41.16 142.4 0.3 0.0 4.38 29.32 15.0 0.2 0.31 18.0 0.80 9.9 0.64 8.90 3.47 23.3 0.9 0.5 0.37 39.31 26. in.3 0.1 0.23 25.15 339.9 0.00 1.0 0.3 0.04 473.05 103.21 58.0 0.6 0.27 40 4.3 0.45 31.3 0.32 13.75 31.3 0.1 0.0 0.16 19.37 39.4 0.6 0.6 0.75 4.9 0.48 10.75 NA 0.1 0.27 6.75 NA 0.16 15.08 265.6 0.0 11.. Pr.13 213..1 0. in. wg in.40 2..6 0.24 12.0 0.5 0.23 25.79 26.48 11.4 0. Def.6 0.23 25. in. in.73 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.17 1.38 15.9 0.40 5.40 12.09 182.0 4.0 0.23 21.07 33.38 19.80 2. wg in.8 0.0 0.25 72.48 4.7 0.03 556.6 0.0 0.4 0.47 31.5 0.27 60 6.3 0.80 1.32 107.5 0.23 122.0 11.0 11.9 0.7 0.75 2.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F .11 42.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.75 NA 0.07 46.3 0.29 160.32 9.06 479.3020 0.14 41.6 0..3 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.40 0. Pr.4 0.6 0.11 4.3 0.77 54.48 4.4 0.1116 0.32 9.16 19.8 0..6 0.6 0.01 1.0428 0.32 82.9 0.4 0.9 0.25 99.24 12.1 0.80 6.5 0.32 13.0 0.0 3.6 0.

5 0.59 3.8 1.0 0. Pr.96 10.8 0. in. wg in.40 14.4 0.23 122.94 24.59 2.3 0.28 5.77 30.23 38.4 0.7 0.63 22.3 0.0 NA 2.3020 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.59 40.48 10.5 1.36 Than 8.8 1.7 0.40 0.3 0.37 39.64 7.9 0. wg in.0 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.96 10.91 16.16 120.4 0.7 0. in.0 0.60 4.8 0.80 6. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.5 0.8 1.3 0. in.34 51.27 7.24 12.23 21.8 0.96 4.0 0.9 0.0 0.000 psi.60 6.1 0.7 0. Pr.60 9.11 4.28 53.96 4.9 0.6 0.55 Up Up To T 10.0428 0.63 22.0 0.6 0.28 53.21 58.14 213.32 15..1 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.2 0.5 0.8 0.1 1.0 5.32 13.9 0.5 0.25 72.0 2.23 21. Def.7 0..96 13.95 17. Pr. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.4 0.79 17.14 213.44 39.6 0.3 1.39 20.2 0.6 0.32 15.14 213.6 0.11 4.32 7.41 60.60 8.0 2.4 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.5 0.9 0. 3.30 39.3 0.64 4.0 1.3 0. Def.1 0.6 0.64 6.6 0.8 0.94 24.61 27.4 0.4900 Weight.48 5..000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.1265 0.18 5..00 1.4 0.96 2.4 0.40 10.44 39..6 0.5 0. 0.2 1.5 1.48 11.59 2.40 14.77 30.60 9.45 31.5 0.8 0.34 51.64 6.80 2.0 0.78 21.40 5.5 0..80 5.2 0.36 8.7 0.3 0.6 0.21 58.40 7.32 13.50 0.48 8.4 0.24 18.1 0.80 13.2 0.1 1. wg in.61 27.0 2.37 39.80 5.18 5.48 5.48 10.90 3.0966 0.4 0.3 0.23 38..9 0.4 1.96 4.7 0.80 5.7 0.45 31.0 NA 2.80 5.24 18.2 0.31 26.5 0.3 1.1 0.4 0.9 0.8 0. wg 0.3 0. b.0 4.0 2.6 0.80 9.0 NA NA NA 2.58 Table 6.2 0.64 3.36 8. wg in.23 122.48 5.38 29..27 17..0 4.6 0. wg in.7 1.8 0.78 21.47 23.48 4. in.64 8.96 5..47 23.0 2.59 40.30 39..80 6.2 1.91 16.0 NA NA NA 2.1 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.7 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.7 0.5 1. W.80 3.48 16.28 12.80 9.59 3.5 1..7 0.60 4.5 1.5 0.1 0.00 2.27 3.2 0.28 5.8 0.0 2.4 0.7 0.16 120.3 0.25 20.0 1.64 4. Pr.55 10.1 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.96 5.9 0.64 6..0538 0.8 0.1 0. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.7 0.2 1.23 122.1 0. 6. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).1 0.6 0.5 0. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.3 0.0 7.40 12.24 12.0 3.25 72.0 7.6 0.2 0.78 21. in. in. Def.32 9.3 0.1 0.28 10. in.6 0.60 8.60 6. Def.2 1.1775 0.4 1.1 0.8 0.3 0. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.9 0.28 4.6 0.6 0. in.73 20.80 6.0 1.60 8.80 2.3 0.60 23.18 Larger 5.27 6.60 13.64 7.3 0.80 3.80 1.55 10.40 12.41 60.32 9.64 3.30 39.48 8. Pr.4 0.1 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.28 53.64 8. in.1 0.48 11.0 0. Pr.28 3. ft Spacing l.0 5.32 9.9 0..64 8.10 1.28 3.0 1.31 18. wg in.3 0.48 16. Def.4 0.6 0.3 0.40 14.6 0.37 39.1 0.45 31.79 17.27 6.5 0. Pr.2 0.0 7.28 7.8 0.3 0.6 0.1 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.38 29.80 13.32 82.0 0.2−1A.80 9.0 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.40 12.40 7.64 16.4 0.47 23.3 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness. Def.25 20.58 3.40 10.64 12.64 7.2 0.60 9.0 5.53 STRUCTURAL GR. wg in.24 9.1 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.44 39.0 0.3 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.64 12.6 0.95 17.2400 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.59 40.1 0.23 21.60 0.64 4.8 0.48 8.96 7.64 3.32 82.28 12.0 3.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F (continued) NOTES: a.63 22.6 0.) lists the estimated deflection in inches. Def.28 7.3 0.1 0.4 0.64 16.60 15.3 0.59 2.96 4. c.3 0.32 7.7 0.21 58.9 0.9 0.9 0.41 60.0 0.5 0.50 2.5 0.1 0.0 12. and are based on a yield strength of 36.73 12.4 1.18 85. wg in.27 17.0 0.80 5.5 1.6 0.9 1.96 7.0 1.3 0. Def.23 25.0 8.80 13.0 NA NA 2.1 1.4 0..32 82.4 0. in.40 5.31 18.5 0.28 10. Def.64 16.8 0.18 85.23 38.1 0.3 0. Pr. in.. wg in..64 12.1 0..3 0.1 0. Def.58 3.80 3.5 1.25 72.60 4.34 51.7 0.1116 0.31 18.31 26.2 0.40 2.7 0.5 1..73 12.39 20.2 1.39 20.0 0.48 10.23 25.5 0.0 8.0 6.24 18.1 1.18 85.1 0.32 7.48 4.0677 0.0 1.0 0.38 29.5 0.8 0.16 120.1 0. Pr.0 0.3650 0.3 0.48 16.80 2..0 0.31 26.79 17. wg in.3 0.0 3. Def.3 0.40 10.11 4.48 4.0 4. wg in.2 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.24 9.23 25.9 0. ft in.0 NA NA NA 2.0 1.32 15.6 0.27 3.61 27.2 0.100 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).0 NA NA 2.24 12.3 0.8 1.1 0.77 30.5 = 21.5 1.28 4.0 0..40 5.8 0.2 1.40 7. Pr.24 9. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 3505F .9 0.. in.3 0.32 13.60 6.48 11.8 1.0 0.59 3.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.3 0.96 2.7 0.96 13.4 0.80 5.

3 0.37 38.75 2.3 0.5 0.23 42.2 0.6 0.19 182.0 0. Pr.40 4.40 6.4 0.48 5.2 0.25 70.7 0.4 0.08 29.2 0.4 0.38 10. Def.23 23..73 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.10 59.04 1323.75 20.30 37.23 36.16 13. in.0 3.0 0.28 52.8 0.4 0.16 13.05 235.24 17.2 0.1 0.28 173.17 140.75 35.9 0.8 0.75 17.32 17.2 0..40 0.24 8.0 NA 2.32 8..14 39.6 0.4 0.75 Table 6.60 0.41 70.05 3.16 13.1 0.05 3.80 12.02 2023.6 0.2 0.27 6.4 0.9 0.08 29.3 0. ft Spacing l.21 56.3 0.72 80.21 56.9 0.32 12.31 25.75 14.19 5.7 0.32 17.0 0. W.14 39.32 12.9 0.40 9.27 40 4.75 7.9 0.6 0.0 6.23 23.48 16.1265 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.75 9.6 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.9 0.09 471.7 0.54 Thickness.0 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.24 11.14 251.12 166.4 0.40 19.3 0.6 0.1 0.47 22.40 11.32 14.6 0.15 33.9 0. wg in.16 17.32 14.2 0.9 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.15 33.9 0.24 17.23 20.4 0.16 27.42 80.40 19.16 117.3 0.7 0.0 4.31 25.64 3.6 0.90 3.0 0.24 8.03 701.2 0.32 6.0 0.0 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 3505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.1 0.1 0.80 3.63 21. ft in.0 21.0 0.32 105.40 13.75 29. wg in.8 0..30 37.3 0.23 20.9 0. wg 0. Def.10 3.4 0.9 0.3 0. Pr.12 294.40 2..8 0. Pr.5 0.24 8.7 0.06 565.32 12.23 60.39 30.11 375.9 0.2400 0.4 0.5 0.0 9.6 0.24 17.79 25.63 12.48 8.23 20.5 0.9 0.6 0.48 10. Def. wg in.16 17.14 39.63 7.5 0.0 3.4 0.0 3.32 8.32 14.39 28.7 0.36 10. Pr.0 21.0 3.2 0.77 52.32 8.24 17.40 4.05 3.80 3.0 6.7 0.0 0.32 6.9 0.0 3. in.48 10.8 0.0 9.32 8.0 0.9 0.64 16.06 93.2 0.19 91.23 23.13 206.1 0.5 0.0 3.48 73.4 0. Pr.5 0.9 0.0 2.47 29.64 8.48 16.24 8.0 5.04 1.46 30.7 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.40 11..59 82.05 728.3 0.16 27.8 0.0 0.80 5.2 0.5 0.6 0.14 39.38 17.5 0.8 0.3 0.9 0.3 0. STRUCTURAL GR.1 0.64 3.3 0.8 0.80 1.30 77.40 13.07 40.16 17.7 0.3 0.03 528.3 0.7 0.64 3.0 6.64 6.25 70.0677 0.35 50.24 11.5 0.4 0.12 18.6 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.35 50.3 0.07 693.29 156. wg in.16 117.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.61 27.05 457.4 0.0 0.23 315.48 9.0 9.3 0.80 4.32 12.5 0.0 0.05 3.44 38..0 0.3 0.32 17.4 0. in.32 8.21 56.03 Unstiffened 5.07 311. Def.32 17.07 40.1 0.3 0.14 65.12 112.4900 Weight.3 0.1116 0.2 0. Def.64 8.4 0.35 147.7 0.6 0.4 0.3020 0. in.7 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.32 14.9 0.3 0.32 80.40 4.5 0.33 8.9 0.14 65.1 0..0 9.04 2. wg in.14 208.1 0.40 6.75 52.46 30.48 16.5 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.9 0.0 3.7 0.0 9. Pr.11 4.48 10.9 0.5 0.28 52.3 0.40 6. in.78 20.23 20.0 4.12 112.80 5.80 6.6 0.09 211.40 11.02 1884.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F .7 0.25 96. in. Pr.7 0.2 0.1 0.12 Unstiffened NA NA 2.0 0.7 0.19 83. Def.3 0. in.48 4..02 1034.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.16 27.0 0.8 0.9 0.0 0.80 4.32 6.23 119.3 0.0 0..3 0.3 0.4 0.16 13.24 11.7 0.0 0.03 437.40 19.4 0.7 0.40 6.2 0.0 0..51 140.23 23.72 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.1 0.0 0.4 0.16 17.09 107.4 0.08 4.48 9.4 0.16 138.23 36.2 0.8 0.21 56.10 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.40 4.5 0. in.1 0.16 27.09 175.78 23.75 35.80 13.7 0. wg in.4 0.4 0..4 0..4 0.40 9.80 3.0 0.19 78.44 47.1 0.7 0..4 0.18 5.40 11.1 0.04 270.48 5.09 175.6 0.80 12.48 4.44 38. wg in.5 0.00 1.3 0.2 0.19 83.1 0.0 2.04 834.2 0.1 0.47 22.11 4.48 5.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0. 0.7 0.0 0.41 59.6 0.50 0. in.7 0.08 257.8 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.15 33. Def.5 0. wg in.23 23.19 5.0 9.09 175.7 0.7 0.41 93. in.3 0.15 33.5 0.0 0.0 NA 2.2 0.30 37.4 0.0 0.0 4.0 6.80 4.7 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.06 105.5 0.6 0.7 0.39 28..8 0.64 6.75 12.48 9.12 24.0 0.40 19.1775 0. wg in.4 0.00 2.48 5.2 0.13 82.2 0.46 30.6 0.1 0.1 0.24 8.7 0.3 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.64 11.8 0.1 0.24 11.75 8.25 74.2 0.17 1.0 0.5 0.35 51.48 8.9 0.40 13. Def.07 467.0 0..7 0.48 10.3650 0.0 0.15 63. 1.3 0.11 4.5 0.6 0.7 0.80 6.1 0.9 0.2 0.0966 0.23 36.8 0.46 10.0 2.3 0.37 38.5 13.0 0.1 0.16 330.4 0.4 0.8 0.79 16.1 0.14 208.31 38.7 0.3 0.4 0. in.22 6..8 0.39 28.5 0.16 17.7 0.17 158.32 12.4 0.2 0.21 87.3 0.6 0.0538 0. Def.07 467.61 43.4 0.7 0.7 0.48 9.5 0.5 0.11 39.5 0.2−2A.23 119.80 9.64 3.16 17.1 0.5 0.14 65.0 6.0 0.1 0.7 0..26 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.06 1261.0 0.1 0.79 16.40 9.75 4.09 175.16 13.0 0.14 39.0 4.31 25.3 0.01 2.07 79. wg in.32 6.07 194. Pr.0 0.24 17.7 0.47 22..40 13.68 2.27 60 6.33 44.6 0.37 57.80 5.35 117.40 9.0 0.75 78.19 83.9 0.77 32.7 0.3 0.1 0.0 3.9 0.07 467.07 71.37 38. Def.4 0. Def.31 25.2 0.64 11.7 0.32 6.7 0.0 4.28 59.35 85.3 0.0 3.2 0.36 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8..3 0.3 0.06 310.0 0.3 0. Pr.63 25.80 6. in.8 0.32 14.14 65.10 48.6 0.14 67.78 43.2 0.32 17.38 2.7 0.9 0.8 0.28 52.07 467.12 112.1 0.64 5.03 2.55 10.9 0.63 38.48 8.5 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.16 117.5 0.23 175.15 33.2 0.9 0.02 845.9 0.1 0.7 0.08 309.2 0.12 112.32 87.23 141.0 6.8 0.0 0.8 0.0 NA 2.7 0.24 123.9 0.64 16.8 0.3 0.01 1.48 16. wg in.0428 0.0 6.2 0.16 45.30 37.50 2.08 257.1 0.48 4.63 17.24 11.80 9.3 0.. Pr.46 55.12 128.2 0.9 0.7 0.08 257.64 5.5 0.48 4.7 0.3 0.48 8.80 9.4 0.6 0.8 0.05 140.5 0.1 0.62 77.59 39.17 5.23 20.9 0.06 495.6 0.1 0.05 118..7 0.02 1244.16 27.0 4.4 0.3 0.08 257.54 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.14 208.16 13.4 0.23 36.

1 0.3 0.48 4.23 23.27 17.64 5.8 0.39 28. wg in. in.9 0.28 5. Pr.80 9. and are based on a yield strength of 36.6 0.59 3. in.0 0. Pr. Pr.8 0.60 9.3 1.32 6..4 0.4 0.3 0.48 5.5 1.9 1. wg in.0 3.8 0. 6.9 0.0 0..0 8.7 0.91 16.4 0.9 0.9 0. in.96 10.23 36.8 1.77 29. Def.5 0.80 5.4 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.30 37.23 119.9 0.7 1.47 22.0 3.44 38.9 0.3 1.6 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.25 70.40 9.48 5.0 4.6 0.7 0.32 12. Pr..55 10. These deflection values are relative and approximate.2 0.4 0.28 52.64 11.11 4.0 0.00 1.3020 0.36 Than 8.7 0. Def. ft Spacing l.25 20.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.40 11.32 17.60 22.40 4.9 0.6 0.41 59.1 1.78 20.35 50.0 NA NA 2.32 17.1 0.6 1..0 2.0 4.4 0.64 3.28 3.6 0. Def.5 1.0 NA NA NA 2.2 1.5 0.7 0.4 0. Pr.80 3.8 0.9 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.1 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.80 9.0 3..14 208.40 9.64 8.6 0.90 3.7 0.55 10.0 1.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F (continued) NOTES: a. in.28 9.0 0.40 4.9 1.100 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145). in..61 27.3 1.64 16.0 6.64 3.48 4.94 23.4 1.24 8.80 12.60 6. in.36 8.60 13.9 0.19 83.96 5..4 0. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def..3 0.32 14.7 0.2 0.1 0. Def..31 25.9 0.40 0. Def.0 0.0428 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 3505F .55 Up To Up T 10.4 0.7 0.6 0. in.2 0.39 28.61 27. Def.60 0.31 25. c.80 12.3 0.0 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.27 6.96 4.0 0.0 2.19 5.9 1.40 13.6 0.64 6.32 8. wg in.8 1.25 70.6 0.60 7.0 0.1 0.28 52.94 23.21 56.28 52..59 2.5 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.96 7.64 16. wg in.9 0.60 4.0 NA NA NA 2.24 11.80 6.1 0.21 56.5 0.60 7.7 0.3 0. in.25 20.3 1.24 17.48 9.3 0. in. Pr.3 1.4 0.1 1.37 38.16 117.96 4.23 36..5 0.0 0.5 0.64 5.7 0.48 10.55 STRUCTURAL GR.40 11.5 0.6 0.7 0. in.7 0.0 NA NA NA 2.2400 0.1775 0.44 38. Pr.0 0.0 0.60 14.25 70.3 0.2 0. wg in.6 0. Pr.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.59 39.0 0.1 0.19 Larger 5.32 6.9 1.24 17.1 0.28 7. Def.3 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.7 0.58 3.9 0.0 3.0 6.6 0.14 208.60 9.79 16.5 = 21.7 0.80 4.78 20.4 0. Pr.5 0.0 0.4 0.0 NA 2.8 1.8 0.64 3.27 6.4 1.6 0.59 39.1 0.96 3.16 117.58 3. Pr.64 11.3 0.0 6.63 21.32 14.60 6. in.6 0..48 5.41 59. wg 0.64 3.80 1.5 0.19 83.10 1.7 0.6 1.95 16.4 0.80 5.28 5.8 0.23 36. W.1116 0.1265 0. wg in.0 NA 2.3 0.48 4.5 0.40 19.3 0.41 59.7 0.3 0.95 16.91 16.1 0.0 NA NA NA 2.63 21.40 13.28 12.61 27.7 0.60 4.0 NA NA NA 2.3 0.4 0.58 Table 6.96 13.79 16.64 6.27 17.1 0.1 0.47 22. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.23 20.59 3.32 6.5 0.60 4.0 4.3 0.64 8.11 4.2 1.7 0.3 0.4 0. ft in. b.32 14.80 4.8 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.40 6.60 7.0 0.32 80.48 8.80 3.7 0.64 16.37 38.19 83.4 1.0 1.47 22.60 9.77 29.2−2A.14 208.9 0.00 2.9 0. 3..4900 Weight.1 0.73 12. wg in.23 20.32 8.80 3..28 3.3 0.73 12.64 3.7 0.7 0.2 0.8 1.0 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.4 0.5 0.60 6.46 30.0 6.24 8.6 1.7 0. wg in.0 NA NA 2.96 3.80 9.27 7.0677 0. wg in..3650 0.24 11.48 16.7 0.30 37.59 2.1 0.6 0.40 6.96 5.1 0.0 3.8 0.8 0.4 0.59 39.80 4.2 0.1 0.8 0.0 0.40 9.0 0.3 0.11 4.40 2.39 28. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness..0 8.48 10.40 19.7 0.000 psi.59 2.1 1.4 0.7 0.48 8. wg in.30 37.50 0..3 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.7 0.4 0.78 20.5 0.96 13.2 0.4 0.3 0.50 2. in. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.37 38.9 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.59 3.6 0.4 0. Def.7 0.0 NA 2.23 23.23 23.44 38.7 0.3 0.7 1.7 1.48 8.9 0.21 56.7 0.5 0.9 0.32 8.40 11.23 119.0 0.32 80.40 19.64 5.3 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.63 21.36 8.4 0.6 0. Def. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.1 0. 0.80 6..32 12.96 7.4 0.28 12... Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).1 0.40 4.24 8. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.48 9.32 80.0538 0.48 16.64 11.48 10.7 1.28 3.80 12. Def.28 9.4 0.6 0.48 9.80 6.8 0.64 3.1 1.5 0.31 25.3 0.28 3.19 5.2 0.9 0.7 0.0 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.3 0.32 17.0 3.6 0.64 8.9 1.46 30.0 12.35 50.79 16.23 20.4 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.3 0.46 30.24 11.48 16..32 12.3 0.0966 0..40 6.77 29. wg in.2 0.73 20.16 117.96 10.3 0.0 2.8 1.2 0.40 13.0 1.64 6.28 7.24 17.35 50.1 1.3 1. Def.6 0.23 119.7 1.80 5.

6 0.4 0.2 0.24 15.6 0.1 0.0 10.1 0.33 8.50 2..0 0.48 4.77 31.9 0.0 10.02 800.4 0.44 37.0 0.56 Thickness.48 7. wg in.15 29.10 53.5 0.05 3.23 21.5 0.40 5.6 0.0 3.64 5.23 21.16 320.9 0.14 60.1 0. wg in.40 12.6 0.8 0.05 3.4 0.7 0.0 2.3 0.05 3.32 83.32 15.5 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.80 12. Pr.05 213.7 0.31 33.50 0.0 0.08 246.6 0.09 288.6 0.1 0.14 201. Pr.1 0.5 0. wg in.9 0.40 18.2 0.8 0.9 0..3 0.5 0.40 10. Pr.24 18.37 52.31 24.1 0.7 0.0 0. in.5 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.80 8.0 0.54 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.40 8.16 24.1 0.5 0.15 29.40 18.21 81.8 0.03 Unstiffened 6.23 34.10 166.3 0.6 0.8 0.48 10.73 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.32 15.0 23. Pr. wg in.26 68.15 35.32 11.4 0.24 18.9 0.0 0.26 68.6 0.7 0.04 1.0 5.9 0.3 0.60 0.9 0.0 0.16 112.64 11.6 0.15 35.2 0.1 0.12 123.30 36.36 111.37 37.42 68.1775 0.28 50.8 0.19 5. wg in.5 0.47 22.8 0.64 7.7 0.2 0.6 0.80 12.40 5. Def.07 452.40 10.2 0.21 68.3 0.7 0.7 0.40 18.0 0.7 0.15 29.9 0.30 72.2 0.1 0.9 0.02 1822.04 1280.4 0.7 0.19 5.4 0. Def.0428 0.4 0.6 0.79 16. Pr.6 0.64 15.06 294.0 0.24 18.4 0.46 29.75 34.2 0.0 0.75 Table 6.07 452.6 0.12 Unstiffened NA NA 5.8 0.1 0.24 15.9 0.2 0.0 4.7 0.16 14..02 1189. Def.0 6..3 0.2 0.7 0.0 3.2 0.32 100.26 91.16 14.8 0.1 0.40 8.3020 0.31 24.9 0.15 29.0 0.. Def.5 0.4900 Weight.32 13.28 57.3 0.75 33.3 0. in.8 0. Pr.16 14.7 0.7 0.0 6.14 243.48 8.7 0.75 6.40 10.10 200.0 2.32 7.23 21.75 3.13 274.8 0.61 41.1 0.17 5. Def..08 4.48 7..2 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.75 13.05 437..03 2.0 5. wg in.02 1924.9 0.3 0.46 29.79 23.6 0.24 9.0966 0.5 0.23 34. in.8 0.05 104.32 11.5 0.7 0.8 0.0 6.60 80.0 NA 2.3 0. 1.1 0..3650 0.14 71.10 1.6 0.6 0..48 10.37 10.0 23.7 0.06 1219.36 142.3 0.2 0.5 0.39 27.28 50.. in. STRUCTURAL GR.9 0.75 2.18 5.5 14.9 0.0 5.40 10.2 0.15 35.5 0.7 0.28 165.7 0.0 0.48 8.4 0.06 546.03 664.8 0.6 0.75 49.7 0.03 493.9 0.16 14.47 26.27 6.0 NA 2.07 452.32 11.0 0.64 5.5 0.48 15.15 35.5 0.9 0.6 0.61 26.5 0.08 182.01 1.08 33.06 81.23 34.63 23.24 15.2 0.4 0.5 0..3 0.09 446.2 0..23 116.48 15.02 988.1 0.05 3.32 13.4 0.35 48.80 8.24 18.24 9.6 0.7 0.9 0.75 26.80 5.0 3.32 7.80 1.1 0.15 29.16 14. wg in.9 0.5 0.40 18. wg in.0 0.80 8.21 53.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F .2 0.60 38.0 6.06 468.32 15.01 2.44 45..7 0.3 0.1 0.78 41.11 4.8 0.39 27.6 0.80 5.2 0.8 0.21 53.69 2.4 0. Def.1 0.48 4.3 0.5 0.8 0.48 7.14 60.0677 0.42 90.4 0.37 37.2 0.9 0.12 151.0 3.7 0.9 0. ft in.2 0.40 5.5 0.64 3.0 0.4 0. in.24 15.28 50.4 0.64 7.16 24.63 14.0 0. wg in.1 0.11 363.5 0.3 0.9 0.75 10. wg 0.7 0.12 20.48 7.05 258.6 0.16 24.6 0.9 0.8 0.48 8.2 0.90 3.48 10.9 0.24 15..48 4.32 13.2400 0.2 0.2 0.78 20.5 0.18 133.7 0.6 0. Def.8 0.75 7.80 5.5 0.10 166. in.7 0.3 0.5 0.0 5.14 197.4 0.3 0.23 37.09 98.8 0.40 8..35 48.32 78.2 0.9 0.2 0.14 201.7 0.0 0.0 0.30 36.6 0..64 11.5 0..48 4.7 0.11 4.79 16.78 21.1 0.7 0.40 12.0 10.6 0.9 0.10 3.0 0.7 0.80 4.3 0.32 13.0 6.1 0.8 0.0 0. wg in. in.3 0.35 82. Def.30 36.1116 0. wg in.00 2.1 0.08 33.3 0.4 0.0 0.75 8.6 0.0 5.7 0.1265 0.46 29.3 0.21 53.0 0.23 116.18 143.4 0.23 136.19 79.0 10..24 9.64 15. Pr.9 0.0 0.77 51.63 33.9 0.05 2.5 0.2 0.80 12.22 6.32 15.2 0.8 0.40 5.16 112.2 0.23 21.9 0.75 76.16 112.47 10.8 0.2 0.2 0.11 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 4.48 15.1 0.74 78.27 60 6.5 0.05 122.07 452.35 48.16 132. in.11 43.75 16.5 0.0 4.0 4.08 246.30 151.30 36.2 0.0 0.07 61.80 4.6 0. in.5 0.3 0.19 79.32 11.4 0.3 0.63 9.0 0.4 0.00 1.4 0.7 0. in.3 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.0 0.1 0. ft Spacing l.38 14.73 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.80 4.32 15.4 0.50 68.0 3.7 0. 0.1 0.8 0.48 10.3 0.48 15.5 0. in.2 0. Pr.4 0.4 0.6 0.17 1.5 0.9 0.38 34.64 3.2 0..37 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.9 0.64 6.08 297.15 35. W.0 0.5 0.10 166.31 24.42 58.15 53.0 6.0 0.5 0.9 0.39 27.31 24.16 14.2 0.4 0.19 84.08 246.19 79.0 NA 2.40 12.05 696.2−3A.7 0.32 13.14 60.48 8.23 304.9 0.64 73.8 0.26 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.6 0.14 60.32 7.1 0.14 60.19 174.23 169.25 117.24 9.8 0.55 10.2 0.16 34.4 0.80 5.7 0.4 0.9 0.25 51.43 77.32 11.7 0.6 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 3505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.39 2.12 105.10 166.4 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.40 2.32 7.2 0.32 7.7 0.4 0.26 69.1 0.7 0.3 0.14 201.16 24.0 10.40 0.12 105.16 24.52 135.2 0.9 0. in.6 0.06 83.37 37.07 663.0 4..6 0.39 27..7 0.12 105.12 34. Def.6 0.0 0.40 8.12 105.3 0.2 0. Pr.0 4.47 22.9 0.4 0.04 407.80 5.4 0.1 0.9 0.0 0.7 0. Pr.40 12.3 0.3 0.0 0.75 18.3 0.23 21.5 0.63 20. Def.1 0.7 0.0 5. Def.24 18.6 0.04 807.0538 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.80 5.0 0.5 0.6 0.47 22.64 6.0 10.1 0.21 53.6 0.0 6.24 9.27 40 4.9 0.0 0.08 246.3 0.46 52.0 0.23 34.2 0.0 2.7 0.44 37.07 61.0 0.

2 1.2 0.0 0.7 0.1116 0. 6.00 1.19 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS Larger 5.0 5.0 0.23 21.40 12. Pr.32 78. Pr..5 0.59 2.40 2.8 0.26 68.37 Than 8.57 STRUCTURAL GR. Pr.4 1.3 0.6 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.96 10.4 0.61 26.2400 0.2 0. and are based on a yield strength of 36.32 78.59 2.5 0. in.6 0.6 1.64 15.2 0.80 8.48 7.2 0.55 10.1 0.23 21.11 4.60 9.8 1.48 10.6 0.1 0.23 116..48 10.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr..23 21. ft Spacing l.0 NA 2.6 1.1775 0.64 6.2 0.96 13. Pr.1 0.4 0.7 0.96 4.48 8.59 2.28 11.39 27.64 11.40 10.1 0.40 8.27 16.7 0.37 37.0 3. Pr.0 0.3 0.32 11.0 0.2 0.32 7.2 0.0 2.11 4. Def.6 0.0 NA 2.32 13.0 0.28 9.2 0.28 50.11 4.21 53.0 5.40 18.2 0. Pr.10 1. wg in.50 2.77 29. wg 0.4 0.3 0.4 0. ft in.14 201.80 4.0966 0.50 0.4 0.6 1.48 10.80 8.7 0.0 NA 2.2 1.2 0..9 0.0677 0.100 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).4 0.4 0.8 0. in. wg in.2 0.0 8.77 29.48 15.1 1.4 0.5 = 21. in.7 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).60 9.80 5. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.9 0.42 58.2 1.28 50.30 36.1 0.96 3.6 1.63 20.0 NA NA 2.0 4.2 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.4900 Weight.3 0.3 0.1 0. wg in.79 16.16 112.78 20.4 1.9 0.60 5..60 21.27 16.5 0.6 0.1 1.60 7.4 0..32 11.64 3.0 6.40 5.4 1.0 0. in.32 7.32 15. 0.63 20.78 20.48 8.48 15.0 0.. in.0 4.6 0.96 4.4 0.60 5.64 3.2 0.1 0.6 0. Pr.16 112.1 1.7 0.32 13.3 0.96 10.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F (continued) NOTES: a. in.46 29.28 11. Def.79 16.64 6.0 3.2 0.19 79. wg in.6 1.47 22.2 0.9 1. 3.60 38.4 0.9 0.90 3.48 4.0 0.6 0.3020 0. Pr. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.0 0.0 NA NA 2.5 0...0428 0.58 3.3 0.8 0.3 0.48 7.0 0.1 0.80 4.80 5.19 79.8 0.0 0.6 0.4 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.61 26.59 2. wg in. Pr.96 7.0 0.4 0.0 6.7 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.5 0. wg in.0 0.1 0.60 38.5 0.4 0.4 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.1 0.7 0.2 0.60 5..30 36.4 0.2−3A.4 1.9 1.21 53.23 34.40 8.40 5. in.. wg in.4 0.96 4.39 27.24 9.0 NA 2.35 48.. Def.64 11.7 0.3 0. in.000 psi.26 68.8 0.0 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.0 2.0 0.16 112..7 0.91 16.60 38.2 0.73 12. Def.28 5.3 0.31 24.0 NA 2.40 10.8 0.24 9.96 3.48 8.40 10..1265 0. wg in.64 7.1 0.24 15.28 3.64 15.6 0.91 16.96 13.77 29.6 1.9 1.64 7.35 48.2 0.4 1.40 12.27 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 6.24 18.59 4.8 0.2 0.59 2.3 0.19 5.24 9.80 12.48 7. in.8 1.80 5.26 68.37 37.00 2.6 0.42 58.8 0.7 0.40 0.3 0.27 6.3 0.1 0.5 0.25 20. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.8 0..5 0.7 0.28 7.1 0.0 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.48 15.3 0.6 0.6 0.96 4.60 7. Def.4 1..19 79.1 0.24 18.1 1.6 0.40 8.73 12.2 0..5 0. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def. Def.55 10.42 58.48 4. Def.4 1. c. in.7 0.2 0.0 12.8 1.1 0.64 15.3 0.64 5.0 NA NA 2.0 0.32 15.3 0. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.59 4.4 1.64 5.3 0.1 1.3 0.28 9.32 78.0 0.80 8.2 0.0 5.28 3.94 23.0 6.28 3.5 0.44 37.32 15.2 0.2 0. wg in.6 1. Def.6 0.0 0.44 37.3 0.1 0.24 15.64 5.5 0.3650 0..0 0.94 23.8 0.40 5.0 6.80 5. wg in.28 3.47 22.7 0.31 24.23 34.6 0.4 0.80 5.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.47 22.58 Table 6. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section. These deflection values are relative and approximate.27 7.28 7.95 16.64 3.8 1.1 1. in.80 12.23 116.80 12.4 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.28 5.5 0.40 18.59 2. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.32 13. Def.37 8.5 0.14 201.3 0.19 5.31 24.46 29.60 14.25 20. b..0 0.1 0.0 8.3 0.7 0.0 3.64 7.3 0.0 NA NA 2.60 9.24 18.2 0.37 8.64 6.3 1.35 48.1 0. wg in.9 0.4 0. W.5 0.64 11.8 1.58 3.80 1.73 20..23 116.78 20..40 12.44 37.2 0.46 29.80 4.4 0.0 0.2 1.39 27.21 53.59 4.95 16. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 3505F . Def.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.2 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.14 201.7 0.37 37.30 36..60 13.0 2.32 11. in.28 50.0 4.0 NA NA 2.60 7.60 0.8 0.23 34.9 1.32 7.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.96 7.1 0. Pr. Def.0538 0.61 26.4 1.24 15.3 1.4 0.55 Up To Up T 10.80 5.48 4.7 0.2 0.79 16.40 18.4 0.63 20.5 0.6 1.6 1.6 0.9 1.

48 6. Def.5 0.8 0.39 25.75 6.4 0..07 433.7 0.40 11.35 46.9 0.0 5.75 23.3 0. wg in.32 11.00 1.40 17.07 433.3 0.2 0.8 0.3 0.42 87.5 0.02 1805.4 0.05 227. in.8 0.7 0.63 21.5 0.2 0.80 3.12 29. Pr.00 2.46 28.12 97.6 0.32 11.4 0.7 0.2 0.40 9.3650 0.3 0.7 0.80 5.24 162.4 0.0966 0.8 0.32 9.79 15.0 26. wg in.35 46.02 0 1746.58 Thickness.2 0.60 76.2 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.10 155.48 9.1 0.3 0.2 0.15 31.24 16.80 5.24 13.64 6.09 4. Def.80 8.3 0.50 2.6 0. in.9 0.40 2.0 5. Pr..3 0.44 36.22 50.42 56.33 97.75 12.0 5. Pr.24 13.1775 0.44 73.2 0.28 47.2 0.32 9.7 0.0 4.42 64.3 0. in.7 0.3 0.02 932. in.7 0.3 0.4 0.15 31.4 0.3 0.7 0.0 2.64 15.9 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 3505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.8 0.2 0.26 65. Pr.40 9.1 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.10 46.48 9.32 9.75 8.28 51.75 73.14 55. in.15 31.3 0.5 0.1 0.64 4.01 2.32 11. wg in. 9 0.0 0.2 0.32 14.0 11.40 17.05 3. wg in.6 0.9 0.76 74.12 Unstiffened NA 4.32 14..8 0.08 166.05 2.5 0.9 0.75 Table 6.3 0.7 0.0 0.1 0..0 0.32 22.0 6.1 0.64 5.80 3.7 0. in.17 5.03 618.4 0.30 65.39 25.48 14.32 11.79 19.80 4.0538 0.7 0.14 133.15 193.0 11.40 17. wg in.4 0.64 4.8 0.2 0.4 0.0 7.8 0.9 0.23 32.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.47 20. Def.6 0.3 0.6 0.26 87.03 Unstiffened 8.0 11.0 0.7 0.0 3.15 193.6 0.16 21.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F .0 0.40 2.2 0.38 104.26 109.4900 Weight.8 0.7 0.28 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 6.7 0.04 1.19 74.1 0.75 2.06 72.8 0.60 37.0 11.35 77.10 155. Pr.44 42.6 0.8 0.5 0.15 26.0 4.16 306.3 0.20 126.38 23.48 7..7 0.1 0..1 0.3 0.24 16.80 4.0 7.3 0.3 0.0 0.20 164.02 1122.2 0.28 40.7 0.62 25.04 773.63 11.8 0.7 0.79 19.0 5.9 0.3 0.18 123.46 28.24 13.48 6.32 9.2 0.2 0.9 0.27 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.2 0.08 232.30 34..9 0.32 22.9 0.80 1.7 0.4 0.16 21. Pr.5 0.6 0.37 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.1 0.8 0.80 5.7 0.7 0.30 34.7 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.24 111. in.31 144.48 7. in.7 0. 0.40 9.7 0.05 188.37 35.6 0.40 11..3 0.1265 0.6 0.15 40.28 47.74 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.80 4.79 37.5 0.56 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.0 2.10 186.24 13.23 31.05 3..6 0. Def.40 7..15 193.8 0.63 7.90 3.2 0.17 106.9 0.24 292.24 19.1 0.9 0.0 2.3 0.16 23..1116 0.3 0. 0.32 22.19 5. in.0677 0. 0.05 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS 3.7 0.2 0.6 0.15 26.05 412.3 0.4 0. Def.6 0.80 11.24 19.0 3.07 433.2 0.79 15.5 0.17 124.22 50.4 0..7 0.23 31.32 9.6 0. Pr.4 0.3 0.15 26.2 0.28 40 4.0428 0.0 5.22 50.7 0.12 348.64 10.16 21.1 0.5 0.32 14.40 7.17 106.05 3.8 0.1 0. Width W.2 0.07 625.3 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.19 74.7 0.9 0.14 55.9 0.2 0.04 372.3 0.3 0.37 47.26 66.29 156.7 0.1 0.13 251.3 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.06 524.1 0.5 0.10 88. ft Spacing l.9 0.0 2.10 3.32 11.80 11. wg in. in.75 15.0 4. ft in.48 14.23 31.47 20.6 0.2 0.4 0.06 68.0 0.7 0.09 416.48 10. Pr.7 0.06 88.5 0.2 0.75 32.0 0.06 1169.53 62.12 97.19 74.4 0.3 0.80 8.6 0.0 0.03 746.75 6.74 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.30 34.0 3.0 0.56 10.2 0.5 0.0 7.4 0.4 0. Def.3 0. wg 0.7 0.16 21.6 0.07 50.48 6.3 0. Def.5 0.3 0. wg in. in.4 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.15 31.23 56.1 0.7 0.14 232.7 0.37 10.5 0.6 0.6 0.03 2.04 1226.16 21.23 6.5 0.2400 0.44 36.40 7.8 0.2 0.77 29.32 27.3 0.3 0. Def.60 0.64 10.6 0.2 0..7 0.8 0.24 16.28 60 6.0 7.48 14.48 6. Pr. wg in.7 0.40 0.47 20.79 21.9 0.24 19.1 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.14 55. Def.06 274.5 0.3 0.8 0.14 55.80 3.22 50.54 129.8 0. Pr.75 30.7 0.9 6 0.80 8.4 0.10 1.2 0.48 9.1 0.09 263.5 0.7 0.7 0.40 7.0 0.40 9.19 5.9 0..19 80.24 16.0 0.64 15.10 155.77 48.3 0.7 0.26 65.2 0.4 0.24 16.06 436.48 7.14 55.3 0. 0..24 111.8 0.37 35.0 2.6 0.46 28.07 433.7 0.40 11.70 2.37 35. wg in.63 20.8 0.40 11.0 4.66 69.62 37.1 0.12 97.32 22.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.04 450.05 656.5 0.8 0.0 0. wg in.22 74.75 7.39 25.9 0.3020 0.0 2.11 37.33 80..0 0.19 5.4 0.1 0.6 0.24 19.7 0..4 0.0 0.9 0.1 0.47 23.08 232.1 0.08 232.46 47. 9 0.24 131. STRUCTURAL GR.11 4.7 0.8 0.34 8.33 75.8 0.7 0.11 4. in.50 0.0 0.3 0.7 0..0 7..17 106.15 59..3 0.63 27. wg in.23 31.64 5.15 31.7 0.5 0.15 26.07 50.7 0.0 4..75 16.15 26.37 136.01 1.12 112.0 11.7 0. Def.48 14.48 7.1 5 0.6 0.0 11.8 0.75 46.6 0.0 0.80 11.32 14. 1.24 19.8 0.9 0.5 0.0 0.7 0.24 13.0 6.9 0.7 0.4 0.0 0.10 155.12 97.06 96.48 9.40 17.32 14.3 0.0 26.4 0.7 0.2 0.39 25.6 0.14 186.08 232.28 47.35 46.0 3.5 16.30 34.0 5.08 280.5 0.1 0..1 0.11 4.90 Panel Stiffener Pr.0 3. Def.18 1.64 6.2−4A.4 0.

60 5.5 0. c.9 0.40 11.50 2.5 0.26 65.3650 0.3 0.47 20.7 0.80 4.2 1.60 37.60 7. wg in.0 7.0 NA NA 2..6 1. wg in..3 0.3 0.37 Than 8. Pr.96 3.9 1.48 14.95 15.5 0.0 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.64 15.77 28.64 6.3 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.28 4.17 106. in.3 1.6 0.32 11.26 65.3 0.0 NA 3.7 0.50 0.63 20.7 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.60 9.4 0.28 47.3 0.27 2.9 1.2 1. 6.22 50.32 11. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 3505F .0 6.32 22.2 0.5 0.2 0.0 7.1 0.7 0.94 22.0 4. Pr.79 19.8 0.8 0. Def.3 1.7 0. Pr.32 14.40 7.8 0.44 36.28 7.4 1.74 12.5 0.79 15.7 0.1 0. ft in.1 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.3 0.35 46.7 0.48 9.79 19.19 5.59 2.3 0.4 0.0 0.7 0. wg in.46 28. b.42 56.40 17.59 Table 6.4 0.80 8.28 7.64 15.1 1.9 1.3 0.1265 0.0 NA NA 2.7 0.8 0.7 0.48 6.3 0.62 25. in.32 22. in.60 37.80 5.48 14.3 1.0 2.79 15.3 0.0 3.7 0.0 8.0 0.7 0.7 0.28 11.60 7.4 0.4 1.3 1. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.7 0.37 35.8 0.7 0.0 5. wg in.0 12.7 0.0 NA 2.4 0.9 1. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.39 25.64 15.3 0.24 16. Def.5 0.8 0..5 0.1 1..3 0.80 5.62 25.5 0. in.59 3.40 9.3 1.59 2.24 111.60 0.8 1.40 11.0 4.6 1.7 0.59 3.0 0.24 13.74 12.64 4.64 10.48 7.27 16. Def..3 0.0966 0.64 5.80 11.2 0.7 0. Def.60 9.0 2.33 75.1775 0.1 0.77 28.25 20.7 0.7 0.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.0 NA 2.80 8.3 0.96 9.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.3 0.1 0.33 75.64 6.7 0.96 4.3 0.1 0.15 193. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.3 0.7 0. wg in.60 12.1 0.2 0.1 0.64 5.3 0.8 0.28 6.3020 0.1 0.64 5. in.4 0.1 1.28 4.2 1..64 6.40 17.79 19.24 13. in.1 0.0428 0.64 4.35 46.32 14.3 0.0677 0.1 0.32 14.94 22.91 16.62 25.59 2. in. Pr.0 0.32 9.1 0.11 4.3 0.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F (continued) NOTES: a.39 25.24 13.24 16.7 0.4 0.0 5.63 20.48 14. Def.3 0.000 psi.40 17..7 0.24 111.28 7.28 6.19 74.96 4. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.28 9. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section. Def.4 0.1 0.37 35. wg in.40 9. in.8 0.2 0.22 50.1 0.6 0.48 6.0 3.2 0.19 74.28 47.28 3.0 0.74 20.28 3.0 2.3 0.59 3. Pr.0 NA 3.6 1.10 1. Pr.6 1. Pr. Def.6 0.26 65.0 5.2−4A.19 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS Larger 5.1 1..3 0.3 0.7 0.60 7.2400 0.40 2.6 0.25 20.9 1.80 1. W.96 12.40 9.5 0.23 31.24 16.1116 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.6 0.2 0..00 2.23 31.56 Up To Up T 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 10.2 1.64 4.96 6.80 3.40 0.40 11.39 25.6 1.32 22.6 0.0 4.6 0.30 34. Def.80 3.95 15.60 9.9 0.7 0.6 0. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.11 4.7 0.3 0.60 5.5 = 21.28 9.3 0.8 0.0 3.48 9.3 0.24 19.27 2.4900 Weight.0 0.0 NA NA 2..3 0.0 8.48 6.4 0.7 0. and are based on a yield strength of 36.17 106.80 4.3 1. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.5 0.6 0.2 1. 0.40 7.24 19.27 16.96 9.7 0.6 0.48 7.6 0.32 9.9 0.9 0.0 0.47 20.6 1.0 2.4 1. 3..59 STRUCTURAL GR.7 0.96 3. Pr.46 28.7 0. in.0 2.37 8.17 106...0 0.48 9.33 75. wg in.7 0. wg in.42 56.4 0.60 37.0538 0. wg in.28 47.96 12.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.2 0.19 74.3 0.48 7.4 0.6 0. Def.6 0.56 10.1 0.96 6. Def.8 1.60 13.90 3.7 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.80 11.7 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness. wg in.4 0.0 2.0 7.64 10..19 5.4 0.44 36. wg 0.6 0.7 0.80 5.40 7.8 0.3 0.24 19.32 11..80 3.37 35.77 28.56 10.47 20. Def.44 36..46 28.80 4.60 5. Pr.7 0.4 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.3 1.8 0.80 8. ft Spacing l..30 34.6 1.8 1.24 111. Pr.9 0..23 31.30 34.2 0. in.15 193.42 56.63 20.5 0.5 0.91 16.35 46.00 1..28 11. in. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).64 10.6 1.32 9.15 193.1 0.6 0.22 50.60 20.80 11.5 0.11 4.79 15. wg in.100 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).59 3.37 8. in..1 1.3 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.6 0.5 0..6 0.7 0.1 0.2 1.59 3.3 0..4 0.

15 1.2 0.60 2.9 0.1 0.2 0.30 7.1 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.73 16.09 3.19 55.67 44.30 12.4 0.6 0. in.0 0.8 0.33 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.5 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.. Def.1 0.14 27.04 3.9 0.07 4.6 0.60 4.14 43.09 51.60 5.10 255.8 0.37 5.08 93.8 0.9 0.75 2.2 0.0 0.4 0.37 9.3 0. Pr. Def.3 0.30 12.6 0.0 0.80 1.0 20.0 2.30 10. in.63 14.4 0.9 0.0 0.5 0..07 404.5 0.37 16.3 0.30 12.1 0.02 Unstiffened 7.22 16.2 0.08 150.8 0.9 0.2 0.36 23.30 5.10 316.14 98.5 0.6 0.0 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.3020 0.6 0.05 424.05 476.07 218.0 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.0 0. wg in.62 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.0 0....75 12.0 3.0 20.7 0.38 50.06 168.04 206.3 0.7 0.0538 0.21 40.2 0.8 0. Pr.6 0..9 0.45 7.5 0.5 0.00 2.7 0..6 0.22 14.0 2.30 5.0 0.45 6.2 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.45 4.01 2.28 30.16 5.1 0.0 0.12 55. in.0 9.3 0.0 0.06 395.44 118.27 41.12 55.36 68.75 7.24 147.60 2.60 6.31 45. Def.45 13. ft in. Def.2 0.20 106.22 9.9 0.09 42.13 33.0 NA 2.9 0.60 4.9 0.07 218.4 0.42 47.37 8.0 5.90 3.40 31.60 9.4 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.14 23.17 69.6 0.02 880.0 0.6 0.60 6.9 0.24 60 6.1 0.0 5.42 24.5 0. in.6 0.40 10. in.16 70.9 0.9 0.29 88.37 9.7 0.45 4.9 0.0 0.06 590.6 0.3 0.30 7.37 10.2 0.30 101.30 10.00 1.8 0.12 211.17 69.5 0.6 0.0 4.1 0.0 0.30 7.8 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.19 48.2 0.04 2.8 0.0 9. wg in.9 0.34 50.21 30. Def.2 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.30 7.75 8.75 4.25 43.10 114.37 4.37 9.8 0.3 0..9 0.1 0.8 0.5 0. wg in.22 9.0 9.0 9.2 0.5 0.0 4.7 0.1 0.6 0.29 14.6 0.3 0.45 6.30 5.20 148.31 40.04 3.8 0.4 0.1 0.22 14.75 7.3 0.10 96.75 5.5 0.5 0.0 4.45 8.38 79.0 NA 2.6 0.5 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.0 3.29 14.6 0.45 8.15 15.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 3.36 23.15 15.28 30.0 4.16 5.1 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.22 7.14 98. 1.6 0.75 16.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .8 0.08 150.4 0.4 0.40 63.4 0.12 175.45 3.19 6.0 0.04 106.1 0.44 18.9 0.22 7.02 2.15 11.2 0.75 19.75 3.19 76.4 0.01 1907.6 0.0 0.22 7.22 14.0 5.9 0.9 0.3 0.0 0.30 7.1116 0.11 74.22 7.14 27.3 0.33 16.7 0.19 47.45 6.11 16.45 4.0677 0. wg in. Def. wg in.0 0.0 0.75 2.12 55.34 31. Pr.03 457.1 0.7 0.8 0.21 19.8 0.9 0.60 0.45 8.55 31.7 0.3 0.0 0.75 10.3 0. 0.45 7.75 Table 6.1 0.75 5.15 11.0 0.29 20.14 23.38 61.0 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.10 4.9 0.29 20.36 23. in.07 218.75 7.1 0.2 0.8 0. wg in.0 6.2 0.34 31.08 150. in.16 154.3 0.21 19.22 14.14 27.3 0.8 0.2 0.30 12.2 0.74 13.05 92.7 0.21 30.8 0.2 0.4 0.06 264.22 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.1 0.20 119.08 150.08 181.0 0.05 1063.71 29.05 266.0 9.73 37.13 33.8 0.7 0.5 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.6 0.8 0.37 4.37 10.1 0.3 0..12 175.8 0. Pr.0 0.6 0.20 265.9 0.05 84.1 0.37 16.4 0.0 0.25 54.03 704.1 0.1 0.59 13.0 0.01 1590.14 23.6 0.1265 0.73 21.9 0.14 139.21 30.1 0.10 146.0 0.37 10.1 0.45 3.4 0.0 0.17 79.3 0.42 24.14 27.02 724.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.07 267.6 0.04 389.54 69.37 5.2 0.25 43.7 0.1775 0.0 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.40 31.9 0.46 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.0 3.29 75.0 2.14 117.3 0.29 14.0 0.7 0.37 16.37 8.10 Unstiffened NA NA 3.25 131.13 279.40 0.15 5.31 73.15 11.04 127. wg 0.3 0.8 0.20 100.30 10.3 0.21 19.6 0.07 36.24 6.28 30. Pr.13 33.0 0.4 0.07 26.30 10.1 0.50 10.4 0.33 2..0 0.60 5.5 0.14 27.0 4.71 44.45 13.7 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.1 0.34 31.15 15.6 0.2 0..5 0.15 11. Def.2 0.0 0.28 30.3 0.6 0.4 0.6 0. wg in.4 0.6 0..15 11.8 0.60 9.5 0.14 23.4900 Weight. in.30 12.1 0.1 0.44 18.06 74.04 3.20 100.5 0.45 13.10 96.75 3.3650 0.75 27.1 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.23 82.5 0.42 26.40 43.22 9.8 0.4 0.6 0.1 0...60 3.30 10.59 2.3 0. Pr.0 0.63 8.8 0.1 0. STRUCTURAL GR.36 27.5 0.6 0.45 4.50 0.4 0.45 6.1 0.29 20.0 2.23 63.2400 0.0 0.60 Thickness.22 16.7 0.0 0..44 27. Def.37 4.1 0.30 124.74 13.6 0.14 98.14 23.11 21.59 13.22 16.50 2.74 23.40 2.6 0.10 4.0 5.3 0.9 0.10 4.19 47.04 250.6 0.1 0.2 0.0 0. wg in.62 68.75 4.37 16.8 0.10 1.5 0.75 10.02 601.6 0.45 7. Pr.54 65.0 0.45 3.5 0. W.0 0.29 14.0 0.04 619.22 16. Def.4 0.4 0.10 96.0 5.9 0.0 0.30 5.5 0.57 34.6 0.37 10.0 0.6 0.75 2.1 0.1 0.75 14.3 0.75 10.6 0.2 0.29 14.1 0.0 0.8 0.15 16.0428 0.1 0.23 58.6 0.75 3.06 395.5 12.1 0.75 12. Def.4 0.75 35..06 64.75 34.01 1.6 0.0 0.31 40.4 0.6 0.1 0.0 5.37 5.0 NA 2.9 0.22 9. in.45 13. Pr.6 0.8 0.22 14.0 2.57 38.3 0. in..17 69.03 1116.4 0.3 0.32 10.6 0.67 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.07 218.29 8.5 0.13 33.0966 0.07 26.37 9.38 11.3 0.58 23.0 0.8 0.0 0.15 15.6 0.60 3.3 0.1 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.75 5.0 0. Pr.6 0.23 40 4.22 7.04 1.4 0.0 2.3 0.3 0.2 0.13 33.5 0.4 0.8 0.58 17. in.3 0.9 0.6 0.0 0. in..3 0.75 4.37 8.1 0.9 0.21 19.16 5.12 175.29 66.0 9.21 30.12 55.4 0.63 12.37 4.75 4.8 0.7 0. wg in.29 20.15 15.37 8.28 66.12 175.9 0.75 6..45 3.15 11.75 3.1 0.0 6. wg in.5 0.3 0.25 43.6 0.06 395.45 7.12 58.0 4.. wg in.0 3.9 0.04 3.7 0.30 5.06 395.1 0.44 18.22 16.5 0.57 21.07 36.8 0.10 34.21 19.22 9. Def.13 57.1 0.3 0.2−1A.29 36.03 378.75 2.2 0.8 0.10 96.75 66.2 0.19 47.2 0.15 120. Pr.02 880.9 0.5 0..7 0.5 0. ft Spacing l.23 58.4 0..37 5.0 0.1 0.0 0.45 8.

50 3.16 5.90 6. wg in.5 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.4900 Weight.5 1.5 1.0 NA NA NA NA 2.3020 0.6 0.2−1A.45 13.29 66.0 2. Pr.1 0.90 6.37 4.6 0..7 1.24 7.30 7.60 2.20 100.90 3.7 0. in.60 2. Def.10 4. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.58 17.60 3. in. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.1 0. Def.0 NA 2.60 6.8 0.71 23.7 0.22 7.5 0.1116 0.60 5.22 16.28 30.3 0. wg 0.60 6.4 0.60 5.75 4. Def.5 1.7 0.0 0.50 7.7 0.0 5.22 14. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.28 30.50 2.22 9.8 1.0 0.29 66.45 3.4 0.9 0.5 0...1 0.49 2.40 31.40 31.50 8.0 6.23 58.10 4.90 4.1265 0.8 0..8 0.57 21.3 0.55 31.12 175.30 5.0 0.2 0.60 4.5 0.30 7.7 0.31 40.45 7. Def. These deflection values are relative and approximate.5 0.1 0.4 0.0 0. wg in.5 0..90 8.31 40.2 0.5 1.16 20.25 43.50 7.5 1.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: a.6 0.7 1.5 = 17.4 0.2 1.30 10.49 13.4 0..6 0.5 0.75 3.60 3.5 1.7 0.0 NA NA NA 2..1 1.6 0.19 47.3 0.50 6.25 43.21 30.19 47.0 NA NA NA NA 2.00 2.37 9.6 0.75 4.6 0.84 16.24 6.7 0.1 0. Def.4 0.67 20..14 98.59 13. 0.60 0.10 4.0 NA NA NA 2.45 6. wg in. in.3 0.30 7.74 13.73 16.3 0.3 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 6505F .87 18.5 1.0 NA NA 2.3 0.25 43.20 7.44 18.49 10.37 9. in.5 0.0538 0.4 0.2 0.30 10.0 0.50 3.9 0.0 0.29 20.3 0..33 Than 8.12 175.2 0.6 0. in.45 8.0 4.59 13.45 3.60 6..90 8.24 6.45 4. Def.0 2.37 5.29 20.8 0.38 48.7 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.0 0.22 14.2 1.0 2.21 30.75 7.9 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.0 3.1 0.8 0.1 1.37 10.36 23.5 0. wg in.22 16.1 0.9 0.5 1.17 69.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.2 1.45 3.8 0.6 0.5 0.40 31.0 0.9 0.0 0.5 0.7 0. Pr.60 2.0 0.4 0.36 23. wg in.9 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.90 3. Def.9 0.19 13.57 21.75 5.9 0. ft in.3 0.5 1.1 0.75 10.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.1 0.58 17.0 5.12 175.20 6. Pr.7 0.30 5.0 0.4 0.75 5.6 0.520 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).40 2.55 31.50 3.0 0.37 16.45 8.50 0.7 0. ft Spacing l.75 3.3650 0.6 0.37 8.67 12.50 4.48 Table 6. Def.37 9. wg in.4 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.31 40.6 0.38 48.3 0.2 0.20 2.0966 0.2 0.37 10.0 8.4 0.9 1..87 18. in.74 13.20 2.0 0.6 1.8 0.48 3.45 13.34 31.90 3.4 0.5 0.4 0.0 3.37 5.22 7.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.16 5.5 0.6 0.75 2.20 4.0 0.20 100.60 4.90 4.5 1.4 0.000 psi.4 1.37 16.29 14.57 21. wg in. 6.29 20.50 4. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.0 NA 2.8 0. and are based on a yield strength of 36.49 20.89 13.7 0.34 31.22 7.14 98.30 12.16 20.20 3.20 100.14 98.2 0.0 0.1 1.60 5.3 0.4 0.84 16.45 8.8 0.10 1.3 0.30 12.29 14.9 1. in.36 23. in.60 9.19 9.60 4.50 10.49 2.6 0. Pr.22 9.5 1. Pr.4 0.8 0.4 0.80 1.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.75 4.23 58.34 31.9 0.4 0.7 0. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.7 0.60 9.5 0.0 0.21 19.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.8 0.21 30.2 0.67 12.33 8.45 6.37 5.44 18.7 1.3 0.0 4.37 16. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.5 0.0 NA NA NA NA 2.42 24.40 0..20 4.33 8.45 7.4 0.4 0.71 23.5 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.20 7. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.29 14.37 10.2 0.75 3.5 0.49 2.2 0.28 30.2 1.42 24. in.45 4.0 5..6 0.9 0.75 10.30 5.16 Larger 5.19 13.2 0.9 0.1 0.55 31.89 10. in.0 4.17 69.5 0. Pr.4 0.6 1. in.7 0.58 17.4 0.20 3.4 0.48 3.5 1.50 6.8 0..3 0..0 0.45 13..0 3.0 2.75 7.0 2.1 0.8 1.2 0.9 0.38 48.8 0. wg in. Pr.7 1.6 0.6 0.50 Up To Up T 10. Def.4 0.71 23.7 0.8 0.6 0.3 0. wg in.4 1.7 0. 3.3 0.89 10.5 0.37 8. in.5 0.50 10.0 8.4 0.2 0.29 66.6 0.6 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.50 4.73 16.30 10.1 1.37 8.75 7.0 NA NA 2.0 12.4 0..75 2.9 0. wg in.22 14. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.6 0.19 9.74 13.4 0.73 16.7 0.19 47.7 0.1775 0.2400 0.30 12.4 1.0 NA 2.4 0.2 0.1 0...45 4.2 0.59 13.75 2.21 19.1 0.89 13.3 0.75 5. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out). Pr.60 9.3 0.21 19.0 2.2 0.61 STRUCTURAL GR.45 6. Pr.6 0.3 0..0 0.50 6.4 1.1 0.37 4.2 1. Def. Pr. wg in. Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition b.. W.00 1.90 3.37 4.2 1.0 0.20 6.0428 0.5 0.60 3. Def. c.90 3.22 9.22 16..44 18.42 24.17 69.3 0.2 0.45 7.8 0.9 0.23 58.0677 0.75 10. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.

02 851.07 32.4 0.0 0.1 0.37 15.8 0.37 15.9 0.04 3.4 0.1 0.0 3.5 0.06 256.4 0.6 0..4 0.75 4.45 7.0 2.29 20..75 18.4 0.1 0.33 10.38 77.21 97. in..2 0.04 193.15 21.14 25.45 3.50 10.29 13.01 6 1551.0 0.10 242.5 0.2 0.11 14.2 0.0966 0.2 0.9 0.3 0.07 22.22 15.21 18.75 7.22 6.5 0.30 4.9 0.45 8. Pr.5 0.3 0.. 9 0.0 0.20 49.01 1.4900 Weight.0 0.38 48.03 687.29 20. in.7 0.32 39. Pr.22 6.6 0.13 30.21 97.75 3.74 13.3 0.0 NA NA 2.0 0.03 428.8 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.. Def.7 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.40 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.63 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.17 149.8 0.37 10.37 7.37 3.21 18.37 5.6 0.5 0.22 6. in.12 67.9 0..0 NA 2.75 3.0 7.37 7.7 0.4 0.6 0.37 66.5 0.0 6.11 91.04 3.45 12.11 91.22 8.7 0.9 0.1 0.24 142.14 25.9 0.15 13.04 3.59 12.31 70.11 91. Def. Def.45 3.37 7.13 30.4 0.00 1.9 0.6 0.3 0.2400 0.15 13.10 4.15 10.1 0.59 2.7 0.04 376..1 0.3 0.24 60 6.30 11.5 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.75 11.22 13.08 144.45 12.4 0.36 22.37 7.1 0.04 3.15 10.75 64.0 4. Pr.00 2.30 4.3 0.8 0.10 136.29 64.3 0.6 0.9 0.15 10.0 0.8 0.1 0.04 1.4 0.4 0.7 0.06 62.45 4.19 45.5 0.26 128.30 9.10 4.3 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.29 13.08 144.15 13.42 23.30 11.7 0.15 21.29 8.0 4.68 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.0 4. Def.12 171.45 4.37 3. wg in.8 0.5 0.0428 0.1 0.73 16.63 66.60 9.02 851.2 0.8 0.8 0.22 8.75 4.71 28.08 87.17 67.15 130. Def.4 0.60 5.23 57.3 0.7 0.6 0. wg in.22 13.7 0.06 385.0 0.2 0.8 0..75 7.3 0.45 8.7 0.3 0.29 33.50 0.30 6..45 3.3 0.10 309.15 13.60 3.3 0.05 88.75 4.0 0.07 211.4 0.6 0.3 0. wg in.28 63.90 3.6 0.4 0.5 0.11 91.07 211.15 21.0 7. Pr.10 4.37 3.03 360.33 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.45 8. in.75 33. Def.30 6.60 5.29 36.7 0.36 25.29 20.2 0.38 10.6 0.0 0.8 0.10 Unstiffened NA NA 2.37 5.8 0.30 11.75 25.14 25. in.4 0.7 0.6 0.37 3.62 Thickness.6 0.2 0.13 52.44 17.3 0.3 0.2 4 0.2 0..2 0.8 0.0 0. in.37 5.5 0.1 0.15 21.9 0.8 0. in.8 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.09 3.7 0.40 2.4 0.0 2.33 2.59 12.04 599.42 24. Pr.3 0.0 0.08 388.0 7.9 0.0 3.3 0.40 30..4 0.6 0.8 0.6 0. wg in. Pr.05 97.7 0.31 97.13 51.15 10.04 2.14 95.45 8. wg in.05 255. 0.42 45.7 0.16 5.21 101.0 2.37 8.8 0.8 0.60 9.14 113.6 0.60 32.07 4.6 0.29 13.45 6.22 15.0 0.9 0.3 0.37 10.54 68.75 11.45 7.28 29.12 206.05 1037.19 45.31 121.45 4.4 0.7 0.4 0.0 7.7 0.5 0.2 0. in.73 20.3 0.0 3.6 0.74 13.75 2.5 0.2 0.40 30.63 13.4 0.60 4.2 0.07 254.13 52.02 2.40 10.0 0.29 20.58 22.3 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.30 11.13 52.1775 0.3650 0.71 43.40 41.37 15. 1.8 0.0 0.7 0.37 5.3 0.58 16. wg in.1 0.22 13.30 4.14 25.45 4.4 0.5 0.0 0.30 6.57 21.7 0.13 30.37 8.32 43.6 0.75 16.4 0. W.2 0.21 28.45 3.0 2.28 29..4 0. wg in.0 0. Pr.75 4. 0.1116 0.8 0.34 30.1 0.75 13.05 75.19 6.1 0..8 0.9 0.75 4.15 5.5 0.9 0.06 385.12 171..32 39.11 107.03 Unstiffened 4.75 10.14 95.0 2.29 86.20 144.3 0.14 95. in.75 Table 6. Pr.44 17.14 272.15 13.0 0.2 0.1 0.30 6.22 15.5 0..24 6.0 0.3 0.0 NA NA 2.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0. in.1 0.17 67.45 115.2 0.1 0.7 0. wg in..1 0.28 29.9 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.55 31.23 79.2 0.6 0.9 0.19 45.45 6.5 0.1 0. Def.8 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.04 233.11 19.7 0.34 30.30 9.25 41.75 10.2 0.21 18.5 0. Pr.3 0.7 0.37 10.0 0.22 8.12 170.7 0.06 385.06 570.3 0.0 0.42 60.29 13.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.7 0. 0 0.3 0.22 8.0 0.75 4.60 3.9 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.21 36.0 16.01 2.45 12. wg in.22 13.4 0.3 0.22 8.5 0.8 0.0 2. in.4 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.74 22.3 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.0538 0.0 0.7 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.0 0.21 28.45 6.45 7.8 0. Def.6 0.9 0.10 1.3 0.17 74.75 7.9 0.0 0.0 2.7 0.50 2.0 0.05 465.12 171.14 25.0 7.22 6.8 0.6 0.37 15. ft in.1 0.5 0.7 0.28 29.2 0.34 30.1 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.04 115.0 NA 2.6 0.2 0..06 385.5 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.09 47.05 407.5 0.19 45.8 0.0 6.13 58.21 28.3 0.9 0.3 0.8 0.0 2. Def.6 0.69 43.6 0.0 0.25 51.01 1860.37 8.15 21.7 0.55 63.30 9. wg in.8 0.3020 0.2 0. wg 0.20 259.30 4...08 144.6 0.08 144.07 211. Def.3 0.9 0.8 0.15 115.16 5. in.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .42 23.5 10.21 18.4 0.37 8.36 22.1265 0.8 0.13 30. STRUCTURAL GR.75 6.34 48.0 0.2 0.16 5.24 40 4.3 0. wg in.07 211.15 10.30 9.80 1.9 0.5 0.08 174.23 57.9 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.03 1089.15 1.17 64.0 3.6 0.30 11.0 NA NA 2.0 3.4 0.75 33.3 0.6 0.6 0.60 0.63 7.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.21 28.9 0..17 67.63 11.29 13..6 0.3 0.75 4.02 696.8 0.45 6.07 32.44 17.7 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.25 41.7 0.0 16.60 6.36 22.1 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.3 0.30 4.13 30.22 15.19 72.9 0.47 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.02 577.9 0.0 0.09 38.2 0.6 0.38 13.06 57.9 0.22 6.2−2A.10 31.4 0.1 0. 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.9 0.60 4.57 37.8 0.8 0.23 63.22 15.0 7.8 0..0 4.37 10.73 36.4 0.7 0.7 0.15 10.6 0.0 2.15 38.9 0.06 160.0 5.07 22.75 3.25 41.45 7.3 0. Pr.8 0.4 0.0 4.60 6.75 7.7 0.8 0.2 0.0677 0.29 72. Def.7 0.0 3.0 4.22 13.4 0.4 0.38 59.8 0.15 13.1 0.0 0.30 9.23 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.13 52.9 0.44 25.45 12.2 0. ft Spacing l.6 0.21 116.3 0.75 9.30 6.21 18.2 0.

9 0.0 2.9 0.3 1.8 0.59 12. Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition b.2−2A.45 4.21 97.9 0.16 5.9 0.40 30.44 17.0 0.30 6.60 5.1 1. Def.38 47. and are based on a yield strength of 36.2 0.90 5.44 17.0 1.3 0.38 47.32 39.50 7.50 0.1 1.21 28.1 0.36 22.21 28.0 NA NA NA NA 2.68 20.7 1.6 1.8 0.0 0. Def.14 95.50 7.2 0. Pr.60 6.0 8.21 18.4 1.49 2. Pr. in.6 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.9 0.44 17. in.37 3.0 0.7 0.0 2.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.29 13.37 7.5 = 17.8 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.21 18.84 16.42 23.49 13.7 0.45 4.4 0.49 2.4 0.4 0.7 0.75 7.4 0.60 4.4 0.0 NA NA 2.22 13.42 23.50 4. in.24 6.32 39.7 0. Def.19 45.20 6.60 9.6 0.7 0.30 6. in. wg in.1 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 6505F .84 16.0 NA NA NA NA 2.37 5.45 8.22 6.87 18.21 97.7 0.1 0. Pr.4 0.23 57.63 STRUCTURAL GR.50 6.9 0. c.4 0.50 6.17 67.1 0. ft in. wg in.23 57. Pr. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.0 0.73 16.1 0.1 0. Def.22 8.5 0.8 0.40 30.33 8.6 0.32 39.9 0.1 0.45 7.000 psi.50 6.2 0.2 0.7 0. Def.1 0.7 1.45 6.20 4.45 8.6 0. Def.45 4.0 0.8 0.73 16.8 0.12 171.9 0.7 1. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.4900 Weight. Def.22 8.45 8.8 0. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.89 10. Def.30 9.8 0.40 30.75 3.3 1.75 4.4 1.33 Than 8.60 4.75 10.8 0.57 21.45 7.0 NA NA NA 3.7 0.7 0..7 0..2 0. Def.90 4.3 0..75 7.19 9.7 0.20 7.22 6.17 20.59 12.30 11.75 10.3 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr..30 11.7 1.45 7.5 1.2 0.29 13..8 0.55 31.37 8. 0. Def..1 0.0 0.0 4.75 4.12 171.37 15.0 0.7 1.8 0..90 3.9 0.20 2.22 13.22 8.2 0.29 20.36 22.0 NA NA NA NA 2.5 0.75 4.8 0.34 30.0 0.7 0.6 0.14 95.75 3.5 0. Pr.16 Larger 5.5 0.90 3.0 2.37 10.3650 0.49 10..3 0.7 0.6 0. Pr.60 5.3020 0.50 4.60 6.90 3.2 1.0 4.55 31.0 12.60 3.0 NA NA 2. 6.8 0.21 97.87 18. wg in.0 0.2 0.30 4.2 0.60 9.59 12.14 95.20 4.7 0.0 0.4 0.42 23..6 0. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.1 0.8 0.50 Up To Up T 10.30 11..12 171.2 0.48 3. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.4 0.19 13.10 4.4 0.0 2.8 0.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: a.2 0.4 1.29 20.3 0.2 0.2 0.0 3.75 7.9 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.5 0.6 0.19 13.0 NA NA 2.5 0.5 0.17 67.33 8.0 0.8 0..37 10. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).5 0.37 5.3 0.75 10.6 0.90 8.10 4.2 0.75 3.60 9.25 41.8 0. W.5 0.3 1.1 0. wg in.55 31. wg in.0 1.. Pr.0 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.20 6..80 1.7 1.45 6..8 0.8 0.30 4.22 15.8 0.89 13.0 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.3 1.0 NA 2.0 0. wg in.5 0.0 NA NA NA 3.89 13.48 Table 6..50 10. wg in.71 23.. in.30 9.29 64.21 28.2 0.37 8.0 3.1775 0.37 7.8 0.58 16.19 45.28 29.90 8.2 0.1 1.1 1.37 5.57 21. in.30 9.4 1.19 9.3 0. wg in.25 41.3 0.30 4.30 6.7 0.36 22.29 64..68 12.20 3.2400 0.24 6.0 3.5 0.6 0. Pr.24 7.50 2.4 0.74 13.0538 0.75 4. in.45 3.3 0.1 0..6 0..7 0.7 0..50 3.49 19.58 16.71 23.0 2.37 10. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.60 3.6 0.0 2.60 3.520 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).8 0.3 0.73 16.45 12.8 0.5 0. in.0 8.34 30.4 1.20 7.75 4.0428 0.74 13.2 0.1265 0.50 3.45 3.3 1.4 1.9 0.8 0.3 0.37 7.45 12.8 0. in.49 2.3 0.16 5.2 0.0 0.21 18.0 0. ft Spacing l.1 0.75 4.1 1.2 0.3 0.0 1.8 0.0 1.4 0.71 23.9 0. in.90 5.6 0.10 1. 3.89 10.68 12.8 0.2 0.17 67.2 0.0 1.74 13.38 47.1 0.48 3.22 15.3 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.1 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.45 12. wg in.10 4.60 6.5 1.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 6.8 0.17 20.37 15.19 45. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.4 0.4 1.1 0.6 1.28 29.60 0.45 3.5 0.2 0.1116 0.40 2.0 4.3 0.37 15.0 NA 2.. in.4 0. wg 0.20 2.00 2.57 21.0 0. wg in.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.3 0.3 0.23 57.5 0.1 0.4 0.22 6.2 0.34 30.1 0.0 0.4 0.50 10.0677 0.22 13.00 1.40 0.8 0.29 64.8 0.7 0. in. wg in. Pr.37 3.37 8.50 8.22 15. Pr.50 4.5 0.28 29.4 0.60 5..45 6.0 NA NA NA 2.0 NA NA NA 2.58 16.0 0.4 1.29 20.0 NA 2.25 41.2 0.9 0.2 1. Def.2 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.9 0.29 13.0 0.90 4.37 3.1 0.20 3. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.9 0.0 0.0 0.60 4.0966 0.0 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.50 3.

50 2.08 164.3 0.28 59.75 31.15 11.06 372.7 0.3 0.3020 0.00 2.14 44.04 1.15 19.80 1.20 67.4 0.0 3.9 0. Def. Pr.1 0.04 3.05 85.17 5.0 0.30 5.5 0.38 46.17 143.64 Thickness.7 0.10 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 4.1 0.3650 0.03 Unstiffened 5.36 21.30 10.4 0.38 63.65 64.15 11.28 28.22 17.2 0.22 7.5 0.12 162.1 0. Pr.4 0.1 0.8 0. Pr.22 17.3 0. Def.5 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.15 108.21 27.5 0.44 56.0 2.5 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.13 28.9 0.7 0.30 12.8 0.0 5.0 3.4 0.64 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.5 0.9 0.0 NA 2.4 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.75 3.4 0.13 28.04 572.36 21.4 0.3 0.7 0.0 0.05 1003. wg in.6 0.75 62.15 19.30 5.1 0.24 40 4.60 2.37 6.60 5.4 0.0 6.9 0. wg in.04 175.2 0.2 0.22 11.2 0.7 0.0 4.1265 0.30 10.59 20.9 0.7 0.12 200.3 0. in.33 10.60 4. in.05 95.11 85.41 29.48 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.7 0.23 75.9 0.15 11.0 NA 2.1 0.60 0.13 165..20 42.29 8.5 0.10 34.45 11.22 7.4900 Weight.7 0. Pr.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.45 3.8 0.6 0.43 42.11 124.4 0.45 7.37 9.30 5.8 0.7 0.9 0.0 0.37 9.0 0.37 8..7 0.3 0.17 64.5 0.75 10.0 0.21 27.4 0. wg in.41 10.22 7.2−3A.0 0.7 0.20 139.8 0.51 10.6 0.7 0.10 1.5 0.13 48.36 23.0 4.9 0.1 0. in.6 0.30 83.45 11.2 0.45 3. in.21 33.07 202.9 0. in.2 0.3 0.75 6.06 372.4 0.1 0.32 38.75 8.4 0.29 18.4 0.9 0.3 0.7 0.07 149.6 0.5 0.1 0.73 18.34 29.13 165.2 0.32 91.7 0.8 0.8 0.41 29.5 0.6 0.03 2.03 335. Pr.30 5.4 0.07 26.22 11.0 0. Def.75 3.43 23.0 0.2 0.60 12.45 7.9 0.02 1500..45 5.0538 0.73 15.0 0.72 40.63 29.6 0.2 0.75 3.1 0.8 0.6 0..4 0.9 0.8 0.60 5.15 109.3 0.45 3.2 0..4 0.45 6.9 0.13 165.37 6. in.0 6.7 0.19 6.11 101.75 10.6 0. Pr.0 NA 2.6 0.17 64.20 42.30 8..0 8.0 8.15 19.44 17.50 0.14 23.03 664.01 2.5 0.04 360.23 59.8 0.9 0. in.6 0.5 0.05 65..10 4.37 4.1 0.4 0.72 42.1 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.06 372.2 0. in.75 4.01 1799.25 136.6 0.7 0.23 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.41 38.1 0.02 658.30 12.8 0.6 0.1116 0.37 8.0966 0.0 0.17 5.0 0.45 6.7 0.0 5.30 10.37 8.3 0.30 72.8 0.7 0.75 6.8 0.7 0.22 14.30 63.09 80.04 3.73 35. in.29 29.75 23.07 4.3 0.37 14.25 60 6.2 0.0 2.0 0.22 11.60 8.75 31..07 202.1 0.0 0.28 28.3 0.26 40.7 0.30 10. wg 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.0 5.0 2.8 0.0 5.4 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.9 0.37 9.34 2. wg in.3 0.23 54.13 48.43 23. Pr.37 4.43 23.68 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3. wg in.14 23..2 0.36 21.6 0. Def.7 0.45 5.9 0.9 0.4 0.75 3.2 0.4 0.2 0. 1.37 14.1 0.31 117.21 94.5 0.22 14.13 28. Def.09 136.0677 0.4 0.22 14.63 9.90 3.74 12.6 0.6 0.22 14.4 0.40 2.8 0.37 14.1 0.30 8.11 16.6 0.32 38.04 2.75 17.9 0. ft in.9 0.60 4.09 3.0 8.05 75.05 385.45 7.07 202.9 0. wg in.2 0.22 17.13 28.8 0.75 15. in.45 6.6 0.5 0.3 0.26 40.14 263.5 0.75 2.38 74.6 0.6 0.5 0..6 0.2 0.07 49.0 0.07 202.59 16.22 17.74 20..04 212.3 0.75 4.10 Unstiffened NA NA 5.9 0.4 0.0 18.11 226.29 18.2 0.60 8.1775 0.2 0.9 0.9 0.5 0. ft Spacing l.75 12.6 0.05 450.26 40.0 0.6 0.0 5.29 18.55 65. wg in.37 4.8 0.22 11.1 0. wg in.4 0.6 0.21 94.02 813.03 1053.09 136.10 4.60 12.26 47. Def.5 0.33 30.0 8.01 1.1 0.75 Table 6.07 237.4 0.30 12.17 64.32 41.75 9.4 0.3 0.57 35.15 11.0 0.60 4.30 10.1 0.34 45.5 11.0 3.2 0.75 3. in.75 3.6 0.1 0.15 5.15 91.3 0.37 14.14 23.6 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.11 85.44 17.3 0.0 4.03 386.3 0.30 12..5 0.37 6.0 0.75 7.7 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.45 6.5 0.45 11.16 5.75 6.15 19.34 29.75 4.7 0.75 6.2 0.0 0.30 8..23 54.1 0.3 0.45 11.4 0..0428 0. Def.6 0.30 8.9 0.60 4.0 0.04 3.0 2.34 29.7 0.75 9.1 0.3 0.5 0.0 3...3 0.44 17.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.72 27.11 85.4 0.5 0.3 0.13 48.44 23.45 5.37 8.45 7.4 0.30 12.0 3.22 14.0 0.2 0.0 0..57 20.3 0.5 0.00 1.8 0. wg in.11 85.0 0.37 6.15 19. Def.0 0. W.7 0.0 4.25 6.7 0.8 0.07 49.45 3.22 17.2 0. wg in.0 4.38 11.7 0.0 0.5 0.15 11.0 0. Def.3 0.7 0.15 1.4 0.0 NA 2.2 0.13 58.9 0.21 112.13 50.08 367.21 27.09 136.22 11.28 28.3 0.37 9.8 0.46 111. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.3 0. Def.6 0.3 0.13 48.16 118.22 42.7 0.4 0. STRUCTURAL GR.04 3.6 0.2 0.11 27.4 0.3 0..63 12.5 0.37 4.7 0.9 0.05 242..0 8.6 0.5 0.32 67.0 4.3 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.6 0.10 299.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0..56 60.0 NA 2.6 0.4 0.0 2.29 18.1 0.3 0.15 91.4 0.4 0.13 28.22 7.3 0.02 546.15 91.0 8. Pr.7 0.75 3.07 244.3 0.38 57.2 0..15 30.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .9 0.26 124.20 42.40 0.1 0.06 545..3 0. Def. 0. in.14 23.9 0.8 0.18 56.6 0.17 73.4 0.30 5.20 250. wg in.6 0.0 5.20 42.0 18.4 0.45 5.06 372.02 978.8 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.07 26.15 11.28 28.7 0.33 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.8 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.74 12.09 136.22 7.0 0.1 0.09 42.9 0.22 96.3 0. Pr.55 30.14 23.30 8.0 0.6 0. Pr.21 27.2400 0.

73 15.6 0.37 9.20 7.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.60 12.0 0.28 28.5 1. in.8 0.57 20.2 0.4 0. wg 0. Def.21 27.2 0.4 0.29 18.7 0.3020 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.9 1. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).30 8.8 0.30 8.5 0.22 17.. wg in.75 3.50 4. wg in.44 17.0 0.3 0.5 0.0 1.8 0.9 0.0 0.75 3.1 0.49 18.45 11.4 1.41 29.00 2.13 165.2 0. ft in.8 0.0 2.5 0.0 0. wg in.7 0.8 1. b.37 4.22 11. Pr..9 0.5 1.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 6505F .60 12.4 0.75 4.0 4. Def.50 5. Pr.34 29.19 13.60 5.9 1.51 10. wg in.0 NA NA 2.29 18.30 5.0 0.25 6.2 1.5 = 17.8 0.36 21.0 0.60 4.4 0.72 22.37 4.30 10. in.43 23.1 0.0 NA NA NA NA 2.20 2.0 2.59 16. Pr.1 0.75 9.4 0.0 5.48 Table 6.37 8. in.4 1.1116 0.10 1. Def.0 NA NA 2.30 63.90 5.43 23.22 14.7 0.0 12.90 3.0 8.13 165.90 3...17 64.4 1.45 3.0 5.20 42.50 7.55 30.5 0...6 0.000 psi.45 5.0966 0.3 0.0 4.7 0.2 1.57 20.6 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.7 0.23 54...3 0.5 0.60 12.6 0.2 1.20 42. These deflection values are relative and approximate.8 1.2 1.4 0. in.55 30.1 0.1 0.. in.1 1.8 0.37 6.30 12.0 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.36 21.3650 0.7 0.45 7.73 15.1 0.90 3.89 12.9 0.8 0.44 17.75 3.2 0.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: a.0 3.7 0.0 NA NA NA NA 2.6 0.9 0.28 28. Def.9 0.8 0.50 7.50 5.37 14.60 0.60 4.4 0.7 0.45 7.41 29.49 3.4900 Weight.6 0.3 0.5 0. Def.20 2..0 NA NA NA NA 2.1775 0.0538 0.1265 0.75 3.45 5. in. and are based on a yield strength of 36.90 3. ft Spacing l.26 40.49 3.0 4.7 0.3 1.8 0.1 0.8 0.33 8.5 0.8 0.40 0. wg in. wg in.40 2.45 11.23 54.5 0.6 0.6 0..6 0.10 4.3 1.6 0.30 63.17 64.3 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.22 7..75 4.0 3.0 NA NA 2.1 0.9 0.50 5.20 7.22 17.0 0.7 0.49 10.17 64.21 94.15 91. 6.37 9.32 38.75 6.10 4.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel. Def.26 40.4 0.43 23.25 7.68 12.8 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.37 14. in.3 1.2 0. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.10 4.17 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS Larger 5.60 4.21 27.75 9.60 5.9 1.21 94.2 0.5 0.00 1.37 4.34 29.49 3. in..8 1.6 0. Def.0428 0.37 6.0 1.30 10.21 27. c. in.5 1.0 0..88 18.0 2. wg in.9 0..20 42.17 5.15 91.45 6.84 16.30 12.6 0.41 29.5 0.1 0.2400 0.7 0.20 5.59 16.2 1.30 12.17 20.4 0.37 8.1 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.0 0.37 6.60 8.72 22.17 5.22 7.1 0.89 12.74 12.2 0.2 0.20 2. Pr.7 0. wg in.1 0. in. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.7 0.2 0.5 0.50 4.4 0.0 NA 2.45 11. wg in.50 2.68 12.2 1.0 0.5 0.0 3. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.3 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.4 0.7 0. Pr.21 94.45 7.4 0.0 NA 2.3 0.74 12.45 6.3 0.0 0.3 0.72 22.8 0. Def.22 7.75 3.32 38.7 0.6 0.5 0.75 6. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application. Def.57 20.30 10.55 30.37 9.7 0.5 0.4 0.88 18.5 0.65 STRUCTURAL GR.20 4.5 0.20 4.7 0. Pr.1 0. wg in.36 21.1 0.37 14.15 91. Pr.26 40.17 20.33 Than 8.22 11.20 2.33 8.0 0. in.5 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.50 7.45 3.1 0.20 9.75 9.7 0.80 1.75 6.7 0.84 16. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.4 0.30 5.0677 0.4 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct. Pr.1 1.3 0.4 0.0 0.22 14.22 11.60 8.7 0.60 5.45 5..6 0.5 1. in.9 0.3 0.38 46.28 28.6 1.90 3.8 0. Pr.7 0.2 0.5 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr. Def.22 14.74 12.44 17.1 0.0 NA 2.90 10.23 54.30 5.22 17..4 0. 0.30 63.0 0.9 0.51 Up To Up T 10.50 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.34 29.0 0.90 7.20 5.90 7..9 0.9 0.38 46..20 9.2 0.90 5.4 0.59 16.2−3A.29 18.5 1. W.6 0.520 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).38 46. 3.. Pr.19 13.13 165.49 12.5 0.3 1.8 1.48 3.0 0. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.7 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.1 0.5 0.75 4..73 15.48 3.6 0.0 NA 2.51 10.60 8.2 1.0 6.8 0.45 3.0 NA 2..37 8.6 0.7 0.60 4.8 0.8 1.32 38.4 0.0 1.0 NA NA 2.0 5.60 4.50 4.25 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 6.60 4.1 0.3 0.0 8.68 20.8 0.7 0.75 3.0 1. wg in.90 10.45 6.0 NA 2.30 8.9 0.5 0. Def.0 0.8 0.

1 0. wg in.1 0..5 0.18 135.9 0.15 1.5 0.0 0.22 15.36 20.7 0.0 0.22 24.80 1.2 0.75 38.3 0.28 26.07 230.0 0.15 16.9 0.22 10.1 0.30 9.3 0.9 0.66 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.1 0.3 0.13 44.20 40.7 0.17 60.3 0.8 0.58 57.7 0.0 0.7 0. ft in.35 27.13 158.72 40..37 13.21 107.45 7.11 23.10 37.0 0.09 127.75 6.45 7.7 0.11 92.6 0.0 9.14 25.60 5..7 0..0 0. Pr.75 60. Pr.1 0.22 10.75 4.0 0.4 0.75 6.0538 0.3 0.0 4.2 0.9 0.02 613.2 0.20 40. Def.0 0.44 16.05 83.0 0.1 0.3 0.37 7. 1.74 12.30 60.45 11.59 18.73 15.26 37.73 17.6 0.28 26.13 158.3 0.05 3.20 40.22 12.4 0.35 27.41 36.3 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.37 13.22 12.22 10.7 0.0677 0.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .45 6. wg in.30 9.06 359.5 0.74 18.2 0..02 923.4 0.0 0.33 85.05 155.1 0.5 0.67 61.22 10.9 0.0 0. Def. Def. W.7 0.08 216.20 6.37 5.9 0.14 35.22 24.03 306.45 7.1 0.45 6.0 0.03 Unstiffened 7.30 11.4 0.3 0.8 0.39 71.09 71. in.. Def.1 0.7 0.5 0.0 4.14 20.4 0. Def.0 0.73 33.9 0.7 0.45 11.9 0.0 2.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.5 0.5 0.56 29..47 51.9 0.24 52.6 0.0 0.05 71.0 0.43 22.25 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 6.22 10.40 2.4 0.2 0.37 8. wg in.14 20.30 7.09 153.0 2.6 0.5 0.37 7.9 0.6 0.2 0.13 158.0 9.5 0.43 22.9 0.3 0.49 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.22 12.00 2. in.9 0.5 0.3 0.1116 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.06 357..0 0.56 63.0 0..07 40.37 8.1 0.07 40.75 9.3 0.05 3.5 0.5 0.2 0.26 37.05 225.09 127.75 28.5 0.00 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.13 44.03 2.1 0.5 0.30 7.42 10.1 0.06 357.75 4.45 4.22 12.3 0.14 25.3 0.9 0.0 0.32 36. wg in.4 0.8 0.30 7.11 79.04 2.25 60 6.5 0.10 286.1775 0.9 0.5 0.75 20.43 22.8 0.5 0.13 191..36 20.34 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.57 19.34 10.0 5.3020 0.5 0.3 0.0 3.07 191.0 0..60 3.3 0.30 67. wg in.0 0.5 0.1 0.05 961.17 5.0 0.9 0.7 0.0 0.21 133.9 0.0 5.21 240.7 0.0 NA 2. Pr.22 24.0 0.37 8.30 11.30 7.0 2.30 7.8 0.90 3.18 104.2 0.14 20.50 2.0 0.30 11.3 0. Def.9 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 3.27 119.28 26.0 4.14 48. Pr.14 25.24 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.0 3.4 0.7 0.22 15..0 4..8 0..12 206.15 16.7 0.5 0..9 0.1265 0.1 0.10 29.15 16. in.6 0.9 0.75 9.06 357.08 342.5 0.10 1.0 2.0 0.4 0.6 0. in.6 0.10 4.1 0.9 0.14 252.75 29. wg in.0 0.0966 0.30 9.05 181.14 25.14 20.6 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.62 2. in.0 20.0 5.0 0. Pr.5 0.8 0.21 91.10 4.2 0.4900 Weight.0 0.37 13.7 0.05 3. in.1 0.5 0.15 86.63 24.60 5.4 0.04 540.63 6.6 0.3 0.13 44.0 2.13 44. Def.2 0.30 9.75 5.75 3.2 0.9 0.24 40 4.15 20.02 1437. ft Spacing l.0 0.7 0.14 25. Pr.4 0.9 0.1 0.22 15.10 4.4 0.15 86.45 4.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 9.6 0.9 0.29 17.5 0.23 89.01 1691.2 0.75 15.26 44.45 6.02 509.6 0.75 14.22 15.11 79.0428 0.15 86.9 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.17 60.9 0.4 0. Pr. in.59 15.37 5.38 20.15 102.28 26.1 0. in.0 9.29 17.8 0.8 0.0 0. wg in.8 0.35 27.3 0.39 45.8 0.5 0.0 0.26 37.0 6.21 46.0 NA 2.32 63.5 0.1 0.06 357.24 54.3650 0.35 2.2 0. Pr.3 0.5 0.0 NA 2. in.9 0.1 0.6 0.8 0. in.01 1..14 20.03 636.5 0.24 52.29 24..0 9.13 153.09 3.3 0.6 0.35 40.0 0. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.39 55.2 0. in. wg 0.0 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.2 0. Pr.0 0.15 16.. 0.0 2.0 5.5 0.2 0.0 3.68 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.0 0.0 0.5 0. STRUCTURAL GR.2 0..22 24.9 0.0 0.0 2.0 6.75 9. Def.37 5.4 0.3 0.7 0.04 1009.07 136.06 431.6 0.43 39.07 191.09 127.37 5.05 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS 3.9 0.4 0.5 0.75 6.4 0.0 0.9 0.0 4.44 16.7 0. in.60 8.9 0.4 0.60 3.75 Table 6.9 0.0 0.3 0..7 0.60 11.60 11.1 0.32 112.30 11.3 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.17 66.2 0.1 0.06 54.9 0.75 2.22 27.3 0.07 191.57 33.45 11.11 79.36 20.5 12.1 0.0 20.4 0.3 0.60 4.47 106.0 0. wg in.9 0.30 80.7 0.44 20.60 0.22 12.0 5.0 0..28 54.75 3.75 11.22 15.60 4.06 515.0 3.9 0.16 5.40 0.9 0.01 2.75 8.7 0.5 0.3 0. Def.1 0.60 8. wg in.7 0. Def.04 1.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.41 28.36 20.0 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.12 109.9 0. Pr.4 0.20 61.66 Thickness.45 7.0 9. wg in.0 5.7 0.5 0.37 7.0 0.45 11.6 0.51 10.16 102.15 16.37 13.02 767.5 0.17 5.03 337.75 7.4 0.04 339.63 10.30 9.75 6.44 16.2400 0.37 7.5 0.40 60.07 191.50 0.07 4.5 0.4 0.41 28.8 0.2 0.2 0. Def. wg in..15 5.30 11.17 60.6 0.06 56.10 Unstiffened NA 3.11 79.1 0.5 0.3 0.45 4.45 6.8 0.1 0.9 0.5 0.30 8.0 4.26 128.1 0.09 127.37 8.21 91.24 71.32 38.8 0.75 4.3 0.0 0.29 17.13 44.3 0.4 0.0 0.29 17.74 12.3 0.9 0.20 40.5 0.72 25.5 0.25 34.45 4.2−4A.75 3.6 0.0 0.32 36.

in.1 0.43 22.56 29.10 1.37 13.9 0.0 3.39 45.2 0.9 0.45 6.2 1.26 37.50 7.000 psi.30 60..75 3.22 15.21 91.0966 0.0 3.50 17.3020 0. wg in. wg in..30 11.3 0.21 91.36 20.9 0.57 19.9 0.22 12. Def.80 1.9 0.2−4A.0677 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.3650 0.4 0. Def.13 158.30 7.2 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.30 11.5 0. wg in.1265 0. ft in.2 0.8 1.39 45.45 6..5 1.5 0.9 0.0 NA NA NA NA 3.17 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS Larger 5.41 28.90 5.3 0.4 0.20 3.3 0.0 3. wg in.17 60. c.60 4.0 NA 2.0 12. wg 0.30 7.24 52.40 0.60 3.4 0.5 0.5 0.50 5.6 0.48 3. ft Spacing l.48 Table 6.34 8..2 0.6 0.17 5.56 29.2400 0.8 0.4 0.20 3.20 7.0 8.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.8 0.0 0.3 1. 3.0 0.7 0.0 0.9 0.0 2.17 60. Def.37 5.26 37.0 1.37 5.73 15.4 0.0 8.2 0. 6.51 Up To Up T 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 10.1 0. wg in.9 0.0 0.0 1.37 13.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: a.5 0.0 1.68 12.2 0. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.88 17.57 19.0 0.74 12. These deflection values are relative and approximate.8 0. in.0 1.34 Than 8.50 4.60 5.7 0.1 0..17 20.22 15.41 28.0 0.1 1.7 0.30 9.0538 0. Pr..9 0.0 NA 2.9 0.45 11.19 12.3 0.37 13. Def.40 2.9 0.74 12.45 4.72 22.0 0.75 6.9 0.4 0.50 7. wg in.1 0.44 16.25 6. Pr..36 20.0 0.10 4..90 2.3 0.5 0.8 0.0 1.22 12.60 11.0 2.3 0. Pr.60 4.30 60.32 36.9 0.0 NA 2.9 0.520 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).21 91.. and are based on a yield strength of 36.7 1.0 1.39 45.6 0. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.20 7.35 27.7 1.29 17.45 7. The table values are also valid for other ASTM designations of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 36.75 6.13 158.41 28.44 16.10 4.7 0.75 6.4 0.60 8.1 0.75 4.90 9.7 0.56 29.60 5.4 0. Pr.45 11.45 11.9 0.3 0. wg in.. Pr. Def.1 0..36 20.6 0.68 20. Def.7 1.7 1.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 5.17 20.90 2.30 60.73 15.3 0. in. 0.0 1.50 9.1 0.75 4. Def.32 36.22 10.8 1.9 0.5 0.20 2. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.37 7.22 24.50 5.32 36. Pr.0 NA NA NA NA 3. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.45 6.5 0.4 0.59 15.28 26.8 0.17 5.9 0.90 9.3 0.20 9.0 0.29 17.28 26.22 10.3 0.0 NA 2.51 10.15 86.0 0. wg in.2 0.60 11. b.30 9.20 5.37 8.9 0.0428 0.30 11..6 0.2 1.85 16.26 37.5 0.8 0.5 0.90 3.3 0..9 0.30 9.2 0.34 8.7 0.0 2.0 4. The left−hand column (labeled Pr. in.30 7.19 12.6 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.00 1.3 0.89 12.1 0.1 0.75 4.60 0.60 3.59 15..1 0.51 10.22 15.50 2.4900 Weight.3 0.75 9. wg in.50 4.5 0.20 5.75 3.37 8.5 0.1 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.75 3.20 40.2 0.90 7.5 1.50 5.1 0.8 0.75 9.72 22.0 5.85 16.72 22.22 12.9 0.60 8.3 1.45 7.9 0.0 0.75 9.4 0.7 0.9 0. wg in.0 6.35 27.8 0.0 0.0 0. Def. Def.1 0.35 27. in.24 52.15 86..0 NA NA 2.0 0.0 NA NA NA NA 3.45 7.28 26.9 0..0 2.1775 0.5 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).3 0.73 15.0 0.24 52.20 40.22 24.5 0.9 0. in..45 4. in. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.0 4.6 0.90 3.9 0.6 0.90 5.9 1.3 0.50 4.7 0.6 0.7 1.22 24.25 7.1116 0.88 17.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A36 Structural Quality Hot−rolled Steel.22 10. Pr.0 NA NA 2.9 0.0 0.8 0.20 2.0 0.1 0.68 12.60 4. Pr.57 19..9 0. Pr.0 2.6 0.37 8.20 40.0 4.17 60.1 0.5 0.90 3.29 17.1 0.0 0. in.5 1.0 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.2 0.0 2.0 5.50 7.9 0.2 0..37 7.59 15.9 0.10 4.3 0.60 3.60 8.9 0.2 0.48 3.60 11.4 0.2 0.6 0.43 22.1 0.5 0.15 86. in. CS–36 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 6505F .25 6.6 1.9 0.. Pr.67 STRUCTURAL GR.20 9.5 1.90 7.8 0. in..7 1.8 0.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.13 158.9 0. Def.43 22.50 11.74 12.5 = 17. in.0 NA 2.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr. wg in.44 16.9 0.6 0.37 7.00 2. W.0 0.. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.2 0.6 0.3 1.50 0.0 0.37 5.7 0.1 1.0 1.5 0.2 0. Def.45 4.60 5.89 12.0 0. in.4 0.2 0.

68 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition . THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 6.

.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 650°F . .3−4A. .6. .2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 350°F . The tables in this Carbon Steel section apply to structural quality. . . .77 6. . . . .3 High Strength Structural Grade typical rectangular industrial duct.3−1A. . . .6. . Tables Page 6. . .3−3A. . . . . . . . . .93 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 6.3−2A. . 6.3−3A. . .3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 650°F .3−1A. 6. . . . . .79 6. . . . . . . . 6. . . .3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 650°F . . . . . . 6. . . . .3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 650°F .3−2A.3−1A. .000 lb/in2).71 6.3−4A. . of ASTM A1011 or other ASTM designa- This section contains pressure capacity tables for the tions with a minimum published yield strength of 50 selection of flat sheet and plate for the fabrication of ksi (50.75 6. . .2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 350°F . .1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 120°F . 6. . .89 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. . . . . . . . . . 6.87 6. . . . . . 6. 6. . .81 6. .3−3A.83 6. . . . . . Hot−rolled sheet and plate. . . .85 6. . . . . 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 350°F . .1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 120°F . . . . .3−2A.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 350°F .73 6.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 120°F . 6. 6. .3−4A. .91 6.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 120°F . . . . . .

0.4 0.25 23.00 2.50 5.0 0.34 126.31 202.4 0.5 0.34 38.0 0.25 28.2 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.0 8.05 729.8 0.28 136.42 12.8 0.42 17.42 77.63 15.5 0.75 11.34 63.34 8. wg in.2 0.84 7.0 5.1 0. W.75 3.10 760.5 0.22 225.34 8.9 0.50 64.50 5.2 0.9 0. Def.0 0.1 0.07 3.4 0. Def. Def.9 0.0 0.10 329.5 0.42 12.75 2.50 107.4 0.2 0.25 34.39 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.2 0.9 0.4 0.06 402.0 3.20 342.5 0.3 0.50 107.9 0.84 131.7 0.2 0.06 1.8 0.3 0.42 90.4 0.0 4.5 0. in.31 224.84 16.3 0.2 0.84 6.1 0.42 8.0677 0.3 0.67 54.0 0.7 0.0 8.7 0.34 125.7 0. 1..67 21.42 62.6 0.50 62.42 42..03 3061.0 6.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.2 0.9 0.84 21.8 0.0 0..8 0.50 2.6 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.42 12.34 11.5 0.2 0.0 2.17 143.42 42.0 0.1 0.84 16.50 5.0 0.1 0.7 0.80 1.42 8.6 0.25 14.4 0.8 0.17 101.34 96.13 29.2 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.50 13.07 3.84 16.32 101.8 0..6 0.42 8.9 0.5 0.50 6.50 45.8 0. wg in.84 28.34 17.22 200.17 26. Def.8 0..0 0.84 8.7 0.07 3.1 0.08 182.9 0.5 22.25 104.42 6.2 0.9 0.0 2.42 15.4 0.50 20.9 0.17 56.25 28.50 239.8 0.25 146.50 45.11 424.4 0.26 5.1 0.67 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 10.17 19.1 0. Def.8 0.0 2.26 5.7 0.17 70.42 6.4 0.8 0.0 5.6 0.1265 0.34 17.1 0.2 0.0 14.6 0.09 817.0 0.84 8.8 0.25 1. in.1 0.09 919.0 0.25 23.4 0.84 30.06 482.34 23.4 0.2 0.0 31.5 0.1 0.5 0.17 26.16 4.5 0.5 0.6 0. wg in. in.2 0.34 11.67 38.11 424.9 0.34 512..5 0.0 0.3−1A.67 4.0 0. Def.63 123.42 15.3 0.0 0..1 0.4 0.10 760.13 41.4 0.0 0.0 7. in.4 0.84 11. STRUCTURAL GR. Def.67 30.17 19.17 26..4 0.49 8.24 269.17 26.08 70.2 0.25 23.0 0.0 0.5 0.38 65.84 11.67 10.2 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.17 44.3 0.42 140.25 59.8 0.4 0.42 27.9 0. in.17 44.8 0.3 0.34 8.75 16.1 0.25 146.50 10.4 0. Pr. Def.17 121.9 0.17 56.17 56.84 6.0 0.34 8.75 22.50 6.0 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.42 27.25 14.0 8.16 195.1 0.75 39. Def.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.5 0.4 0.25 104..9 0.17 56.08 45.07 3.34 17.0 14.42 15.5 0.3 0.0 0.34 11. Pr.3 0.8 0.02 2.17 26.0 0.25 59.9 0.0 3. in.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.08 70.0 31.84 54.50 10.7 0.13 295.17 19.9 0.50 20.50 6.2400 0.9 0.9 0..84 21.17 70.75 95.2 0.16 195. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 1205F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.0 4.1 0.1 0.50 11.0 0.40 0.4 0.8 0.25 14.34 20.25 146.50 13.16 611. in.25 34.4 0.08 137.34 23.7 0.0 0. in.17 70.0 0.3 0.5 0. in.3 0..4 0.2 0.42 90.2 0.1 0.84 4.0 0. in.8 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.0 5.12 516.0 4.8 0.17 70.08 45.9 0.34 23.4 0.34 126.84 3.34 23.0 8.7 0.67 29.3 0.34 11.0538 0.4 0.50 13.75 227.3 0.4 0.25 11.25 14.34 8..04 Unstiffened 8.9 0..42 6.4 0.5 0.49 8. Pr.0 14.00 1.22 200.3 0.02 1.0 14.4 0. wg 0.34 63.10 1138.0 0.17 44.1 0.25 23.17 65.4 0.8 0.16 195.25 11. Pr.42 8. Pr.67 8.28 298.38 26.8 0.9 0.4 0.84 28.20 339.50 20.13 112.84 4.0 0.02 3679.9 0.1775 0.9 0.3 0.34 96.42 140. in.0 0.25 34.4 0..17 121.3650 0.3020 0.34 63.8 0.17 121..2 0.63 50.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.37 60 6.34 11.20 408.2 0.5 0.50 0.13 94.84 4.34 63.6 0.17 19.4 0.67 4.9 0.4 0.8 0.67 7.75 4.25 34.0 7.0 5.75 39.3 0.08 172.4 0.50 31.13 75.10 760.37 6.8 0.17 44.6 0.4 0.34 96.34 17.42 42.6 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.50 6.3 0.25 146.34 126.84 7.9 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.50 10.0 0.0 7.17 26.0 3.25 11.25 23.25 146.1 0.9 0.84 11.1 0.06 2153.3 0.03 1397.17 492. Pr. Pr.0 0.63 22.4 0.42 17.5 0.3 0.50 11.34 20.37 40 4.3 0.75 7.25 232.03 1693.5 0.41 284. Def.9 0.2 0.75 2.8 0.3 0.32 6.0 0. wg in.10 1.11 510.0 7.1 0.25 104.67 8.6 0.42 42.34 17.42 62.6 0.2 0.6 0.0 14.67 10.0 0.42 12.2 0.8 0.2 0.08 514.2 0.50 72.6 0.84 67.3 0.2 0.25 11.3 0.67 14.07 750.25 104. wg in.75 Table 6.0 0.0 0.4900 Weight.0 0.1116 0.25 59.17 19.3 0.25 14.75 70.67 10.4 0.50 11.2 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.31 285.42 254.7 0.6 0.20 342.50 31.26 5.84 3. wg in. wg in.25 59.6 0.49 10.16 4.8 0.17 44.08 137.12 4.6 0.25 5.75 14.67 14.50 128.1 0.17 70.17 282.2 0.3 0.50 152.5 0.8 0.84 7.1 0.75 35.1 0.50 11.4 0.80 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.5 0.07 214.4 0.3 0.0 0.75 124.4 0..25 28.22 200.42 62.40 2.1 0.1 0..42 17.5 0.1 0.9 0.42 158. wg in.42 90.06 1354.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F .13 779.0 2. wg in. wg in.63 9.07 228.13 349.6 0.07 2..51 194.34 38.25 59.0 0.50 13.50 45.5 0.. ft Spacing l.25 28.3 0.2 0.23 538. Pr.0 0.11 424.1 0. Pr.75 5. in.34 96.2 0.67 5.4 0.17 19.34 204.67 21.05 882.6 0..34 20.25 34.2 0.5 0.0 0.8 0.16 195.84 6.34 38.67 131.17 Unstiffened NA NA 3.17 121.1 0.10 760.8 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.4 0.5 0.70 Thickness.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.0 0.17 56.84 43.31 202.0 4.4 0.13 295.9 0.17 121.9 0.15 3.03 2041.12 190.04 2.16 211.42 17.6 0.0 4.8 0.9 0.9 0.13 295.0 5.3 0.0 7.8 0.2 0.5 0.50 5.13 295.4 0.3 0.42 27.1 0.08 2051. wg in. Def.4 0.5 0.2 0.60 0.67 64.5 0.3 0.84 8.4 0.50 31.9 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.42 15.2 0.25 11. Pr.3 0.0 0.6 0.67 7.0 0.20 342.90 3.34 20.4 0.84 3.50 36.42 136.6 0.9 0.34 20.5 0.0428 0.75 18.34 23.1 0.42 6.5 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.11 424.4 0.9 0.2 0.4 0.50 62.0 0.0 14.50 20.1 0.5 0.07 1194.67 5.6 0.16 4.3 0.2 0.0 6.3 0.4 0..1 0.50 10.38 16.75 9.2 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.04 1156. ft in.57 2.4 0.34 145.0966 0.25 28.0 8.4 0.3 0..34 38.7 0.42 27.34 50.6 0.8 0.

50 20.8 0.01 2.5 0. in.25 146.4 0.0 0.42 90.34 22.01 22.42 27.1 1. wg in.49 8.84 7.84 28.3 1.50 62.34 126.5 = 33.0 5.1 0.20 342.50 62.42 90.0 0.50 11. Def.34 4.68 9.67 10. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.50 10. Def.9 0.8 0.6 0.5 1.8 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.0 0.6 1.0 1.42 8..7 0.68 7.26 Larger 5.34 4.4 0.6 0.84 43.8 0. Def.6 0.26 5.4 0. in.25 59.25 146.5 0.. Def.50 0.9 0.0 0.34 3. Pr.0 NA 2.01 16.25 28..9 0.3 1.34 15.20 342.67 64.3 0.68 17.6 0.5 0.50 31.1 0. Def.01 2.0 7.0 8.84 8.67 7.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 5.5 0.1 1.84 21. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).4 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 1205F .0 0.4900 Weight..84 11.0 0.10 1.4 0.3 0.7 0.67 4.0 3.01 33.42 8.84 8.0 0.6 0.5 1.68 Table 6.8 0.3 0..3 0.9 1.68 3.8 0.6 1.67 38.84 6.5 1.4 0.4 0.42 8.300 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).68 26.9 0.34 6.84 4.3 0.34 20.01 16.50 5.0 0.8 0.1265 0.50 20.34 8.50 107. ft Spacing l.01 9.01 5.42 62.7 3.34 23.1 0.4 0.0 0.9 0.4 0.20 342.50 6.0 2.34 11.4 0.6 0.34 96.25 23.50 6.40 2.1 0.42 6.3 0.84 11.25 11.25 23.5 1.80 1.6 1.42 17.34 6.0 8.42 42.0 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application. and are based on a yield strength Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition of 50.0 7.4 0.0 0.67 8.84 7.9 1.3 1.25 34.01 17.1 0.4 0.7 1.34 96.3 1.8 0.0 2.5 1.42 17.37 6.3 1.26 5.9 0.68 5.3 0.1 0.4 0.50 13.8 0.34 22..1 1.34 8.2 0. in.2 0.50 45.34 15.. wg in.0 0.3 0.25 34. Def.68 5.84 16. Def.9 0.1 0.4 0.34 11.68 11.3 1.5 1.01 3.0 1. Pr.68 9.0 1.9 1.84 16.49 Than 8.34 17.84 21.67 10.5 0.3 0. in.50 13.68 16.2 0.84 43.2 0. c.34 8.25 104.000 psi or higher.50 6.9 0.. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.0 0.67 14.42 62. Pr.01 5.22 200.2 1.1 1.4 0.9 0..9 0.68 9.34 126.1 0.50 2.3 1.49 8. wg 0..4 0.68 3.3 0.68 11.67 14.16 4.34 96.6 1.50 11.0428 0.68 5.67 29. in. 3.1 0.84 7.9 0.22 200.50 5. Pr.34 38.84 28.34 17.9 1.2 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel.01 13.8 0.68 3.8 0.34 38.42 15.31 202.0 0.25 11.67 29. wg in. Def.2 0.25 14.67 14.25 34.0 2. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.00 1.9 0.0 2.8 0.5 0.4 0.0 NA NA 2.0 1.68 7.25 28.67 10.0 0.84 4.7 1.1 0.9 1. W.67 Up To Up T 10. in. wg in.5 0.67 7.0 0.67 8.7 1.2 1.42 140.42 15.0538 0.5 0.8 0.0 6.6 0.5 1.0 3.37 7.84 4.2 0.6 1.68 11.34 4.22 200.5 0. in.68 3.5 0.50 13.6 0.34 20.01 17.9 0.50 62.68 3.2 1.8 1. Pr.2400 0.50 31.67 5. Def.42 27.5 1.0 0.67 10.50 5.3 0.16 4.9 0.9 1.6 0..84 43.4 0.9 0.0 4.0 12.2 0.5 1.9 0.25 59.6 0.34 20. ft in.4 0.0 1.60 0. in. wg in.42 140. in.25 14.6 0.84 6.42 42.0 7.67 21.7 0.3 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.4 0.9 0.50 20.42 12.67 5.8 1. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.4 0.5 1.84 8.. wg in.5 0.42 12.71 STRUCTURAL GR.84 28.34 3. wg in.50 45.5 1.67 10. Pr.8 0.6 1.0 NA NA 2.4 0.50 45.09 1.50 11.0 NA NA 2.01 13.0 4.84 11.34 12.42 42.0 2. b..42 12.34 17.4 0.0 1.7 1.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F (continued) NOTES: a.0 0.9 0.1 0.9 1.0966 0.8 0.84 3..67 7.7 1. wg in.3−1A.4 0. Pr.0 8.2 0.84 16.8 0.34 2. wg in.84 12. These deflection values are relative and approximate.42 6.1 0.90 3. wg in.31 202.2 0.0 0.4 0.9 1.3 0.8 1.68 3.50 31.40 0.67 8.8 0.1775 0..84 20.42 15.7 1.67 21.7 0.0 NA 2.0 5.01 9.0 0. Pr.0 0.4 0.67 5.42 27..0 3.9 1.01 22.67 64.7 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.25 11.34 2.3 0.9 1.67 4.42 62.6 0.8 0.2 0.68 3.67 21. wg in.34 4.3 0.2 0.50 10.0 0.01 3.1 0.7 0.25 28.84 21.1 0.0677 0.4 0.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.4 0.3 0. Def.68 3. Pr.0 8.5 1.3650 0.4 0..25 104. in.31 202.34 63.7 3.4 0.01 6.84 12..34 12.67 38.4 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in. in.7 1.34 126.2 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.34 23.1 1. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.42 6.8 0.67 38.2 0.1116 0.6 0.42 17.1 1.01 6. Pr.0 1.50 107.8 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.4 0.34 9.4 0.6 1.9 0.67 4.34 63.25 59.4 0.9 0.9 0.1 1.50 107. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.9 1.68 7..1 0.84 6.34 9.5 0.84 3. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr. Def..2 1.50 10.3 0.4 0.68 3.2 0.6 0.00 2.0 4.5 0.25 104.5 0.34 20.34 20..9 1.0 0.84 3.3 1.01 5.01 33.25 146.0 8.67 29.34 38. 0.9 0.34 23.4 0.8 0. in. 6.0 0.3 1.16 4.25 23.34 63.67 64.4 0.37 6.25 14.3020 0.1 0.42 90.34 11.01 5..42 140.

00 1.8 0.84 5.50 4.03 2933.8 0.2 0.75 37.8 0.25 55.4 0.5 0.0 7.5 0. wg in.0 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.40 2.6 0.60 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.0 12.34 91. Def.34 36.1 0.67 8. 4 0.1 0.1 0.9 0.04 2.7 0.17 63.25 139.9 0.42 5.84 42.50 19.6 0.34 22. Pr.84 3.75 4.6 0.0 0.50 11..34 138.20 328.75 10.8 0.84 7.42 5.50 103.3 0.25 26.9 0.2 0.11 484.2 0.5 0.34 18.9 0.0 2.2 0.34 10.08 58.34 45.13 735.28 283.8 0.0 2.08 58.0 12.17 63.7 0. in.20 328..84 27.3 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.50 33.6 0.1 0.3 0. in.08 37.9 0.6 0.42 14.8 0.32 6.02 2.5 0.37 40 4.0 3.0 0.17 39.7 0.0 0..17 16.25 31.3 0.42 11.17 16.25 13. in.5 0.42 11.84 11.17 50.0 5.7 0.42 60.5 0.0 0.0 0.11 403.0 5.0 0.6 0.67 9.1116 0.17 39.0 0.34 18.42 243. wg in.84 3.17 112.4 0.9 0.5 0..22 213.0 6.25 10.17 50.49 10.25 10.1 0.34 10.25 10.75 2.07 442.42 128.50 19.34 120.0 0.6 0.50 30.17 23.49 8.67 126.42 25.42 40.9 0.42 25.17 112.63 45.6 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.0 4.13 329. STRUCTURAL GR.4 0.07 712.0 6.3 0.39 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 3.06 2062.0 2.6 0.50 11.4 0.05 824.0 0. Pr.50 30.2 0.67 7.8 0.5 0.0 25.42 25.0 0.7 0.0 3.25 139.5 0.34 91.17 85.25 26.3 0.25 219.0 0.34 60.7 0. Def.25 13..84 2.67 10.3 0.26 5.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F .3 0.0 0.34 36.25 98.9 0.34 7.50 12.1 0.9 0.3 0.75 18. Pr.17 16. wg 0.8 0.4 0.34 60.3 0.4 0.4 0.50 6.50 43.5 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1775 0.7 0.42 14.8 0.8 0.8 0.17 16.50 19.67 14.7 0.17 50.11 403.42 5.7 0.0 5.34 91.67 3.84 7..5 0.34 7.5 0. in.11 403.5 0.84 5.84 51. Def.4 0.34 22.8 0.9 0.2 0.67 62. Def.1 0.16 183.50 2..25 31.25 26.0 7. Def.6 0.4 0.4900 Weight.3 0.3 0.42 151.3 0.25 26.50 6.42 14.3 0. in.4 0.2 0.2 0.13 36.6 0.42 16. in.38 53.4 0.17 16.7 0.25 139.0 0.50 6.9 0..50 12..50 61. Pr.7 0.63 8.8 0.08 1965.5 0.63 114.52 183.41 270.10 728.13 279.17 Unstiffened NA NA 2.3 0.49 8.3 0.7 0.07 3.31 215.9 0.0 12.67 20.34 22.34 22.0 5.4 0.18 459.12 482.34 60.4 0.0 7.42 16.5 0.3020 0.50 11.0 12.10 308.6 0.25 21.7 0.0 0.40 0.16 194.5 0. 0.16 4.0 0.3 0.04 1091.0 2. wg in.42 14.7 0.0 7.1 0.8 0.17 63.7 0.0 0.3 0.67 28.17 259.31 194.6 0.67 7.8 0.67 51.7 0.67 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 10.50 9.25 13.17 50.0 0.2 0.34 491.3 0.07 3.90 3.12 4. in.84 64.4 0.50 12.3 0.80 1.42 60.42 86. Pr.9 0.6 0.2 0.50 4.4 0.42 25.7 0.7 0.1 0.5 0..13 102.25 21.3 0.34 192.67 8.0 12.9 0.84 15..1 0. wg in.84 15. 1.4 0.7 0.3 0. Pr.2 0.06 1297.84 6.31 273.25 10. wg in.22 190.84 21.0 3.50 43.16 4.8 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.38 23.75 12.80 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.07 3.0 0.50 229.0 0..7 0.0 0.03 1939. in.34 7.3 0. 0.6 0.25 21.1265 0.34 36.50 6.2400 0.1 0.13 279.7 0.3 0.84 126.50 9.0 0.03 1608.3 0.7 0.6 0.0 5.37 60 6.8 0.17 112.2 0..1 0.9 0.3 0.63 19.84 6.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.5 0.0 0.34 91. 4 0.34 10.7 0.3 0.7 0.9 0.0 4. in.20 322.22 190.6 0.25 21.9 0.25 31.75 8.4 0.9 0. wg in.67 4.8 0.50 60.0 0.17 23.1 0.0 0.7 0.10 728.07 3.50 60.50 68.34 15. in.0 0.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.3 0.4 0.25 135.07 369.12 176.34 60.63 12. Pr.05 681.0 0.0 25.9 0.57 2. wg in. Pr.8 0.42 7.4 0.72 Thickness.50 4.50 12.4 0.0538 0.5 0..8 0.9 0.25 55.84 28.7 0.0 0.34 10.6 0.25 31.17 50.25 1.75 218.4 0.4 0.03 1318.42 60.6 0. Def.4 0.5 0..31 194.8 0.84 2.4 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.75 20. wg in..3 0.4 0.84 5.13 66.07 2.08 154.9 0.16 4.10 1081.5 0.25 98.3 0.07 1135.17 126.0 2.3 0.3 0.34 10.08 122.07 192.16 183.3 0. 0 0.6 0.9 0.42 7.0 0.09 881.0 0.6 0.3 0.06 1.3 0.3 0.2 0.42 16.4 0.38 11.34 18.5 0.17 23.0677 0.5 0.50 43.6 0.84 27.8 0.25 13.34 18.6 0.75 7.6 0.02 3525.8 0.13 279.08 485.8 0.0 0.8 0.17 112.09 771.75 2.11 403.75 91.9 0.7 0.8 0.84 11.75 32.25 31.6 0.3 0.0 4.25 21.2 0.42 86.6 0.42 72.1 0.67 3.26 5.42 134. in.15 3.0 0.2 0.25 55.84 15.34 36. ft in.17 39.7 0.84 3.42 40.6 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.25 10.1 0.42 11.67 37.8 0. W.42 86.67 14.02 1.20 391..34 7.42 40.34 18.5 0.67 28.2 0.20 328.29 121.4 0.9 0.34 7..0 0.0 0.67 20.5 0. wg in.25 13.13 279.0 0.2 0.50 9.6 0.3 0.17 53.84 21.17 585..25 139.4 0.7 0. Def.42 134.16 183.1 0.25 5.4 0.0 0.67 4.9 0.50 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.5 0. wg in.8 6 0.34 15.34 22.0 0.0 0.00 2.75 37.6 0.8 0.34 15.84 7.2 0.8 0.10 1.50 19.4 0.8 0. Def.9 0.6 0. wg in.0 0.25 26.8 0.37 6.0 0.3−2A.13 25.8 0.8 0.2 0.75 4.6 0.0 0.2 0.17 39.0 2.13 85.17 23.9 0.8 0.4 0.0 3.9 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.0966 0.8 0.42 7.0 0.7 0.84 11.25 98.26 5.07 218.8 0.34 15.4 0.0 4.8 0.3 0. in.22 190.7 0.3 0..08 154.2 0.8 0.7 0. Def.0 0.75 118.42 5.0 7.50 121.0428 0.4 0.10 728.0 0.25 55.17 23.25 246.5 0.3 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 1205F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6. ft Spacing l.25 55. Pr.4 0.50 11.3650 0.17 23.6 0.0 12.16 183.50 4.5 0.04 Unstiffened 5.5 0..8 0.42 16.2 0.50 9.75 Table 6.34 120.2 0.25 98.5 18.75 15.3 0.50 146.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.75 66.8 0.42 11.0 0.7 0.0 4.84 2.2 0.42 7.3 0.0 5.23 515.9 0.7 0.34 120. Pr.6 0.84 6.67 9.0 3.4 0.17 63.8 0.0 0.4 0.10 728.6 0.8 0. Def.3 0.50 103.17 16.5 0.34 115.6 0.1 0.08 37.34 15. Def.8 0.9 0..0 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.17 63.34 85.50 30.42 40.7 0.08 122.9 0.6 0.17 39.5 0.0 0.17 112.

.1265 0.1 0. and are based on a yield strength Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition of 50.3 0.7 1.7 0..3 0.40 0.3 0.8 0.25 13.8 0. Pr.6 0.67 20.6 0.8 0.67 62.7 1.40 2.49 Than 8.67 10.6 0.67 62.26 5.84 42..68 5. Pr.7 0.0 1.0 2.50 60.84 27.7 0.5 0.5 1.67 8.34 20.67 4. Def.42 5.50 9.4 1. in.4 0.7 0.0 NA NA NA 2.25 10.3 0.1 1. in.01 32.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.68 3.42 134.1 0. Def. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.68 3.50 43. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.5 0.84 15.84 6.9 1.9 0.0677 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.8 1.84 5. wg in.67 8. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.8 1.50 19.3 0.34 36..8 0.7 0.0 0.68 3.16 4.1 0.6 1.50 103.6 1.34 18.01 16.20 328.9 1.25 98.5 0.37 6.22 190.84 5.2 0.01 6..7 0.50 2.0 0.68 9.1 0.8 0.5 1.34 4.84 21.68 3.0 0.6 0.50 6.22 190. in.3 0.68 25. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.0 0.20 328.5 1.3 1.50 4. 6.34 3.2 0.9 0. W.2 0.50 30.84 7.2 0.42 16.42 25.01 16.84 7.50 11.9 0..84 2.25 31.34 7.0 NA NA NA 2.42 86.42 25.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.50 103.34 4.67 8.3−2A.0 0. wg in.25 139.4 0.2 1.50 60.6 0.0 1.68 3. Def.01 6.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F (continued) NOTES: a. in.3 0.34 21.60 0.68 5.25 98.42 86.22 190.6 0.0 0.67 62.01 16.25 21.4 1.3 0.9 0.6 0. Def.49 8.4 1.42 25.67 7.5 1.5 = 33.67 14.0 NA NA 2. wg in.34 12.68 9. in.34 22.9 0.3 0.5 0.34 6.42 60.0 0.68 7.3 0.42 40.67 10.0 NA 2.50 9.0 NA 2.50 12. b.67 28.84 21.3 0..01 12.4900 Weight.0 5.34 10.31 194.49 8.34 15.1 0.1 0.68 3.6 0.3 0.80 1.10 1.8 0.5 0.01 12.50 6.5 1.68 11.34 10. Pr. Pr.9 1.42 11.34 15.3 0.6 0. in. Def.42 40.34 21.3 0.5 1.34 91.26 Larger 5.31 194.67 20.68 16.68 3.42 14.300 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).25 139.1 0.42 7.5 0.50 30.2 0.2 1.6 0. in.67 3. wg in.2 0.2 1.50 11.8 0.0 3.1 0.0 0.9 0.25 55.34 14. in.67 28.84 11.8 0. Def.50 19.0 6.68 16.8 0.84 27.34 22.84 3.42 16.34 36.3 1.34 15.67 9.84 42.50 6.8 0.5 0. Def.. Def.7 1.0 0.3 0.0 1.6 0.0 0.34 4. Pr.31 194.0 0.9 0.0 0.3 0.34 7.25 10.7 0.4 0.2 0.67 4.37 6.84 21.6 0.4 0.4 0.42 60.0 1.2 1.3 0.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel.25 13.6 0.7 0.6 0.0 2. wg in.01 3.0 8.8 0.5 0.01 21.3 0.7 0..50 11.34 120. wg in.84 12.25 31.25 55.7 0.34 18.67 37.9 0.67 3.4 0.7 1.01 32.84 5..9 0.8 1.01 5.6 0. Pr.34 120.0 3.0 8.34 7.16 4. Def.4 0.5 0.6 0. in.9 0.42 86.25 31.6 0.9 0.84 2.0 2.2 0.34 36.68 3.3 0.2 0.0 NA NA 2. wg in.8 0.6 0.84 11.3 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.3 1.25 10.8 0.3 1.8 0.0 12.84 7.42 5.4 0.84 15.0 4.7 0.6 1.84 3. in.3020 0. wg in. These deflection values are relative and approximate.9 0..5 0.3 1.67 9.0 7.34 60.5 1.0966 0..5 1. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 1205F .6 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.01 16.4 0.67 37.68 11. Def.68 Table 6.34 6.67 28.67 Up To Up T 10. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.26 5.84 15.6 1.34 91.50 43. Def. ft Spacing l.2 0.8 0.3 0.34 3.50 12. Pr.8 0.68 9.8 0.84 20.3 1. Pr.6 0.25 26.68 11. wg 0.6 0.84 12.42 11.0 1..7 1.67 3.9 1.00 1.84 27.01 5.0 0.7 0.2 0. wg in.42 5.3 1.42 7.1116 0.42 134.73 STRUCTURAL GR.0 5.67 4.1 1.4 0.50 103.1 0.0 7.3 0.0 0.25 21.34 4.3 1.2 0.34 18.3 0.6 0.2 1.4 0.3 0.50 9.9 1.34 10.3 0.67 9.42 14.9 0.84 42.5 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.67 37.7 1.42 14.67 14.67 20.0 2. wg in.6 0.34 9.1 0.50 43.2 0.0 NA NA NA 2..25 26.4 1. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.34 9.50 30.67 14.2400 0.25 13.34 60. wg in.34 22.3 1.9 0.8 0.34 60.00 2.37 7..42 16.25 55.34 20..3650 0.3 0.50 4. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.0 7..8 0.3 0.7 1.4 0.50 12.7 0.25 26.0 0.84 6. c.8 0. 3. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.2 1.7 0.6 0.0 4.01 3.84 6.6 0.68 7.1 0.01 4.01 9.68 5.0 5.42 7.34 14..7 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.84 11.42 11.50 4.20 328.42 40..5 0.6 0..2 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.50 19.0 2.6 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).7 0.25 21.01 4.0428 0.8 0.84 3.42 60. ft in.3 0.0538 0.8 0.5 1.34 12.2 0.4 0.68 7.34 91.3 1.01 21.5 1.25 98.. Pr.1 0.42 134.7 0. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.90 3.1 0.0 2.67 7.0 3.4 1.67 7.6 0. in.9 1.4 0.8 0.50 60.9 0.7 1.34 120.16 4.25 139.0 4.50 0. Pr.1 0.9 0.1775 0.01 9. in.1 0.84 2.2 1. 0.9 0.000 psi or higher.

4 0.50 12.49 10.34 20.6 0.42 38.1 0.8 0.6 0.34 56. 0.17 566.63 39.9 0.9 0.1 0.26 5.38 16. wg in.8 0.34 56. in.25 94.74 Thickness.16 172.0 4.4 0.6 0.67 13.50 8.0 0.34 33.2 0.5 0.75 6.4 0. Pr.1 0. Def.08 45.4 0.17 56.4 0. W.0 6.4 0.4 0.4 0.80 1.17 19.14 312.4 0. wg in.6 0.67 6.0 28.25 28.3 0.7 0.50 57. Def. in.11 1033.58 2.10 1.9 0.17 44.8 0.5 0.2400 0.12 386.34 33.10 288.50 57.0 2.00 1.16 172.6 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.16 4.5 4 0.9 0..81 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.42 38.42 24.54 174.3 0.50 18.2 0.42 6.5 0.07 3.9 0.1265 0.3 0.2 0.42 10.0538 0.34 8.6 0.3 0.34 17.8 0.2 0.5 0.0 3.1 0.38 60 6.5 0.67 119.4 0.5 0. 1.23 183.3 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.50 62.4 0. 5 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.0 4.3 0.25 5.9 0.5 0.49 8.6 1 0.75 11.50 12.5 0.02 1.07 186.8 0.42 66.3−3A.0 3.1 0. Pr.84 5.17 19.4 0.34 39.5 0.84 61.6 0.2 0.50 12. wg in.21 308.25 133.08 45.42 38.25 18.34 56.25 23.5 0. 3 0.1 0.5 0.10 704.2 0.75 211.0 8.4 0.4 0. in.17 56.34 88.2 0.0 6. Def.3 0.20 318..1 0.84 20..4 0.1 0.67 4.50 8.04 1248.9 0.0 13.23 183.07 2.67 4.08 136.5 0.9 0.6 0.0677 0.75 34.75 17.8 0.3 0.0 6.34 14.42 147.0 13.26 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 5. Def.25 121.9 0.20 378.3 0.9 0.4 0.3650 0.34 33.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.17 40.42 24.0 6.67 7.75 60.4 0.1 0.17 19.07 3.42 12.4 0.1 0..17 Unstiffened NA NA 6.25 23.31 188.75 2.5 0.67 19.0 0.50 18.0 28.31 264.6 0.6 0.42 15.17 105.9 0.08 105.05 768.07 3.67 7.2 0.9 0.0 0.67 8.25 51.17 56.3 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.84 10.6 0.0 0.1 0.07 336.17 34.09 1901.3 0.4 0.50 12.17 34.1 0.04 1032. Def.84 10.20 318.8 0.0966 0.12 386.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.7 0. Pr.03 2836.5 0.1 0. Def.34 116.4 0.8 0.9 0.0 4.0 6.1 0.1 0.1 0.38 6.07 402.25 18.4 4 0.4 0.12 4. wg in.17 34.07 681.25 94.8 0.34 88.2 0.17 44.13 696.5 0.14 265.17 102.7 0.8 0.25 23.8 0.0 4.3 0.0 2.0 0.16 4..42 83.8 0.6 0..42 15.6 0.2 0.84 119.02 2.7 0.0 0.34 17.03 1537.42 12.25 94.4 0.4 0.0 0.9 0.42 57.9 0.25 133.0 4..34 20.15 3.75 14.25 207.3 0.9 0.25 133.0 6.9 0.42 57. 0.34 8.1 0.34 88.60 0.0 13.5 20.42 12.7 0.50 8.17 19.67 10.0 0.84 20.9 0.0 0.0 0.39 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.50 5.4 0.14 265.50 28..4 0.17 56.67 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 10.67 48.84 15.2 0.1 0.3 0.75 110.1 0.2 0.2 0.. Pr.34 20.42 24.0 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.1 0.9 0.34 129.4 0.9 0.08 460.67 27.38 40 4.50 28.1 0.34 116.84 7.8 0.0 5.0 4.6 0.16 188.25 94. in.1 0.25 28.25 51.50 100.2 0.24 498.84 3.6 0.13 93.4 0.2 0.14 265.42 10.4 0.50 221.6 0.0 13.5 0.2 0. Pr.0 0.11 463..3 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.34 17.34 14.42 235.50 10.07 171.25 11.4 0.84 27.4 0.23 199.42 6.3 0.1 0. in.25 11.3 0.50 113. Def.75 19.5 0...16 4.1 0. wg in.5 0.42 15.40 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.25 18.1 0.3 0.27 224.42 6.25 11.42 57.50 41.4 0.8 0.67 6.12 386.. STRUCTURAL GR.5 0.1 0.0 4.2 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.84 26.84 6.17 235.1 0.1 0.07 1084. 0.4 0.0 0..50 18.5 0.5 0.34 20.25 28.4 0.4 0.0 13.9 0.08 136. Pr.50 41.13 29.16 172.42 131.06 1. 0.84 3.3 0.25 23.06 1995. Pr.7 0.84 7.75 Table 6..5 0.1 0.10 704.17 44.1 0. 7 0.1 0.34 56.0 0.2 0.1 0.17 19.34 104.42 83.0 0.4 0.7 0.42 24.8 0.1 0.6 0.34 17.84 5.50 5.84 7. wg in.3 0.50 8.1 0.0 8. ft in. in.07 3.25 11.2 0. Def.8 0.4 0.1775 0.67 27.6 0.2 0.13 56.17 105.4 0.8 0.17 34.49 8.5 0.75 3.17 44.0 13.3 0.42 120.50 0.42 6.42 38. wg in.25 51. Pr.84 3.5 0.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F .34 116.7 0.25 18.0 0.17 105.5 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.50 5.25 18.4 0.0 3.67 60.3 0. wg in.67 13.0 0.04 Unstiffened 6.0 0. in.3 0.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.6 0.3 0.84 6.3 0.34 182.17 19.9 0. ft Spacing l.5 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.84 15.5 0.8 0. wg in.14 265.9 0.50 10.63 10.25 28.75 29. Pr.4 0.50 10.3 0.3 0.34 88.0 6.8 0.7 0.3 0.25 11.5 0.19 428.06 1255.9 0.0 4.8 0.9 0.2 0.75 7.2 0.0 0.17 56.37 67.1116 0.75 9. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 1205F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.0 2.09 730.2 0.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.26 5. in.50 41.5 0.50 18.1 0..0 0..13 449.38 40.17 105. in.67 19.9 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.0 4.4 0.42 12.25 51.3 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.40 2.2 0.5 0.4900 Weight. Def.5 0.09 852.5 0.25 23.84 10.5 0.5 0.4 0.42 15.34 14.10 704.0 8.2 0.9 0. in.3 0.26 1.04 2.1 0.1 0.75 2.17 34.3020 0.31 102.31 204. Def.34 14.50 139.4 0.16 172.0 8.50 5.50 2..4 0.5 0.6 0.2 0..4 0.50 30.02 3409. Pr. wg 0.84 6.3 0.84 15.0 0.42 83. 9 0.08 105.84 48.50 57.6 0.5 0.50 28.29 271.4 0.34 17.1 0.50 10.12 386.31 188.05 635.25 51.90 3.42 258.17 67.13 76.42 131.67 8.13 162.34 14.1 0.1 0.6 0.10 704.7 0.25 133.0 8.42 10.9 0.42 10. in.5 0.34 8.. 1 0.3 0.00 2.34 8.84 5.35 475.3 0.0 2. wg in.3 0.7 0..2 0.75 87.3 0.84 41.75 35.84 26.2 0.6 0.67 36.8 0. 9 0.63 15.5 0.4 0.0428 0.33 6. wg in.0 0.17 105. in. Def.1 0.25 28.34 20.4 0.6 0.63 104.34 33.9 0..5 0.17 44.34 8.6 0.6 0.23 183.50 100.03 1853.20 318.8 0.

.3 0. wg in.67 4.2 0..84 3.8 0.84 3.50 5.34 56.8 0.9 0. wg in.42 38.0 0.1 0.5 0.25 11.9 0.6 0.1 1.50 8.16 4.0 8.34 116.0 1.6 0.23 183.3 1.4 0.34 14.01 5.6 0.31 188.8 0.67 36..1 0.01 5.4900 Weight..1 1.0 6.7 1. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 1205F .67 10.0 4.01 16.25 23.3020 0.50 57.67 6.0 0.25 23.4 0.42 15.50 41.2 0.9 1..0538 0.9 0.68 9.84 6.8 0.1 1.0 1.4 0..34 4.34 8.0 0.0 1.25 133.5 0.01 4.50 18.1 0.67 6. in.42 57.67 60.1 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.9 1.50 2.75 STRUCTURAL GR.2 0.25 51.0 4.34 11.5 1. Def.1 1.1 0.42 10.50 8.67 Up To Up T 10.50 12.23 183.0 0.5 0.0 8.1 1. wg in.68 7. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.5 0.42 83.50 41.84 6. Pr.25 51.34 17.5 0.3 1.01 31.1 0.25 11.34 11.67 27.2 0. Pr.1 0.25 94..1 1.01 2.34 56.0 2.84 41.84 5.42 131.42 10.34 14.4 0. Def.49 Than 8.7 1.31 188.8 1.34 88.1116 0.4 0.50 57.4 0.1 0.5 0.4 0. Def.34 33.84 10.34 20.5 0.3 0.1 0.5 0. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.4 1. wg in.3 0.1775 0.01 4..42 24.4 1.2 0.00 2. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def..6 0.1 1.2 1.1 0.1 0.2400 0.4 0.25 11. ft in.2 0.2 0.34 33.2 0.6 0.01 16.1 0. wg in.9 0.84 15.0 0.6 0.84 12. 0.40 0.6 0.34 33.9 0.0 2.84 7.0428 0.84 20. Def.7 0.34 21.4 0.42 38.42 6..68 3.68 3.34 6.34 20.7 0.5 1.50 12.49 8.4 0.4 0.50 28. W.5 1.01 5.34 17.50 12. ft Spacing l. wg in.42 83.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.84 7.4 0.67 27.40 2.26 5.34 88.2 0.0 8. in.49 8.5 1. Pr.84 3.42 6.68 3. in.6 0.67 6. wg in.4 0.3 1.01 31.7 0.1 0.0 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.1 0.300 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).00 1.38 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 6.50 5. in.3−3A..25 23. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness. Def.9 1.3 0. Def.01 8.0 3.4 0.5 1.0 1.1 0.1 1.25 18.01 16.34 14.9 0.68 7..3 0.9 0.0 6.50 10.0 NA NA 2. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.50 41.9 0.1 0.38 6.3 1.68 11.4 0.20 318.1 0.42 15.4 0.0 0.42 24.0 0.7 1.4 0.0 4.9 0. Pr. in.67 13.50 0.34 8.42 12.3 1.3 0.01 2.4 0.4 0.67 8.9 0.0 NA NA 2. 3.38 7.4 0.26 Larger 5.1 0.9 1. Pr.4 0.68 11.5 = 33.68 7.84 7.7 0.5 0.0 0.23 183.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F (continued) NOTES: a.42 38.01 16.5 0.2 0.01 20.6 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.4 0.5 0.6 0. b.4 0.0 1.4 1.0 0. in.01 5.000 psi or higher.0 6.4 0.25 51.34 6.5 0.0 1.9 0.5 0..0 8.34 8..34 20. c.84 15.10 1.84 41.5 0.1 1.0966 0.4 0.68 3.68 3.9 1.2 0.8 0.25 94.34 116.25 133.6 1.1265 0.42 12.5 0.67 60.0 NA NA 2.0 2.5 0.5 1.50 5.2 0.4 1.01 12.50 57.84 20.2 0..34 8.25 18.5 0..90 3.1 0.34 20.1 1.9 0.68 9.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0. Def.7 0. in..84 26.68 3.84 15.5 0.25 133.67 7. 6.68 5.50 100.25 18.68 5.4 0.34 17. Def.3 0.9 0.68 9.0 3. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct. Def.4 0.4 1.5 0.84 10.34 21. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.4 0.68 5.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel.0 4.34 3.42 15.67 10.6 0.67 8.0 NA 2. Pr.84 20.0 0.67 8.8 0.5 1.25 28. and are based on a yield strength Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition of 50.67 36.0 3.67 27.0 0. in.5 1.1 0.25 94.84 26.7 0.1 1.67 19.34 3.67 4.7 0.01 8.34 3.0 2. Def.7 1.16 4.42 131.26 5.50 100.4 1.5 0.0 4.1 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out). and in magnitude by as much as 100%. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications. wg in.84 12..67 19.0 0.3 0.25 28.9 1..9 0.80 1.4 0.84 5.4 0.1 1.34 3.0 0.9 0.01 20.3 0.2 1.68 3. in.0 12.01 12.1 0.6 0.50 10.50 28.67 60.9 0.3 0.60 0.42 57.0 NA 2.8 0.50 18.34 88.50 100.7 0.31 188. Def. Pr.0 6.8 1.1 0.20 318.4 0. Pr.7 1.2 1.2 0.50 18.1 0.4 0.67 36.8 0.34 4.25 28.50 28.3 1.34 14.7 1.2 0.67 19.7 0.34 8.84 5.42 6.4 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr. Pr.67 13.0677 0.8 1.3650 0.20 318.68 16.84 26. Pr.4 0.6 0.0 1..34 20. in.42 57.4 0.16 4.68 3.50 8.34 116.68 Table 6.42 12.67 13.84 10.0 8.2 0.6 0. wg in.34 56.50 10.4 1.3 0.1 1. in.1 1.8 0.42 10. wg 0.42 83.0 0.34 14. in.42 131.67 7. wg in.67 7.6 1.42 24.0 4..68 16.67 4.2 0.1 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.84 6.84 41.68 23.0 2..6 0.) lists the estimated deflection in inches. wg in.84 20.68 11.

75 17.67 5.3 0.8 0. wg in.6 0.42 53.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.1 0.1 0.10 675.84 5.50 10.0 5.4 0. in.17 48.6 0.08 3.0 2.04 962.84 4.17 160.34 18.5 0.8 0. Def.5 0.5 22. in.67 6.2 0.0 7.42 9.3 0.34 111.42 9.84 9.17 28.6 0.25 25.12 365. Def.0 2.23 174.1 0.17 542. Def.50 39..3 0.12 365.0 0.67 25.4 0.50 212.25 16.84 14..34 111.50 7.50 9.34 83.56 162.0966 0.20 363. in.1 0.34 111.07 1.1 0.07 642.5 0.32 253.42 127.1 0.0 7.08 3.34 18.67 6.67 5.0 4.0 0.8 0.8 0.17 37.25 20.5 0.3 0.0 15.7 0.34 15.6 0. in.5 0.25 85.20 305.34 18.42 13.9 0.5 0.0 9.1 0.1 0.0 0.13 82.0 7.0 0..5 0.67 112.67 18.2 0.17 96.49 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 10.0 15.1 0.5 0.17 207.40 0.3 0.38 60 6.5 0.6 0.3 0.25 20.6 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.17 28.0428 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.49 8.1265 0.50 26..35 77.00 2. Pr.7 0.0 0.0 0.17 48.42 35.5 0. wg in.0 6.50 55.34 6.08 80.2 0.75 9.0 9.1 0. wg in.25 126.5 0.2 0.5 0.07 2.1 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.0 4.7 0.09 816.7 0.08 3.7 0.4 0.34 83.2 0.5 0.75 13. W.50 10.25 126.6 0.0 0.12 365.5 0.75 33.34 52.7 0.42 35.08 116.84 25.75 6.1 0.84 40.3 0. in.4 0.1 0.8 0.14 410.0677 0.42 13.50 17.75 2.25 20.16 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS 4.84 4.14 248.17 37.2 0.03 1749.04 2.7 0.34 12.5 0.25 45.34 12. Pr.40 2.84 25.17 28.10 675.25 45.7 0.75 16.67 58. in.9 0.75 101.0 0.0 6.1 0.06 1912. Def.34 52.6 0.25 16.0 0.50 9.9 0.9 0. Def.0 5.63 91.17 37.50 39.1 0.6 0.3 0.1 0. ft in.6 0.50 17.03 2718.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.25 45.84 19.1 0.67 44...3 0.0 2.1775 0.34 15.5 0.9 0.09 1822.8 0.8 0.11 975.7 0.4 0..34 32.25 106.3 0.6 0.4 0.84 44.50 7.1 0.84 5.1 0.8 0.38 28. in.1 0.3 0.6 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 1205F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.3 0.08 147.27 5.0 32.42 11.23 174.03 1450. wg in..67 10.6 0.50 17.50 26. ft Spacing l.14 248.2 0.9 0.17 37.1 0.17 48.1 0.13 46.50 26.6 0.3 0.8 0.34 31.0 0.23 174. in.25 20.34 15.1 0.50 26.0 4.84 9.9 0.5 0.17 28..6 0.3 0.2 0.50 10.10 1.6 0.3 0.84 19.24 478.9 0.75 54.42 35.1 0.07 1024.36 455.34 15.34 31.84 6.1 0.34 31. Def.12 437.4 0.1 0.50 55.17 48.0538 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.0 3.50 98.17 37.1 0.25 20.4 0.5 0.50 7.42 11.32 182.5 0.8 0.75 202.6 0.0 0. wg in.04 Unstiffened 8. Pr. Pr.3 0. Pr.40 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.4 0.5 0.0 5.34 91..7 0.38 48.80 1.08 3.2 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.17 160.0 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.1 0.50 9.2 0.20 305.8 0.02 2.50 55.1 0.4900 Weight. Pr. STRUCTURAL GR.4 0.1 0.42 127.2 0.84 25.9 0.50 98.67 8.67 8.2 0.4 0.25 126.1 0. in.1 0..16 4.34 52.6 0.0 0.09 429.5 0.6 0.34 18.13 147.42 22.38 40 4.75 7.8 0.67 34.0 32.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 3.42 35.1 0.34 12.14 248.84 5.42 53.2 0.5 0.2 0.0 4.42 11.6 0.90 3. wg in. Pr.5 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.0 9.3 0.0 5.0 0.8 0.06 1202.42 110.3650 0.25 25.34 170.50 10..3−4A.17 28.6 0.4 0.75 8.3 0.1 0.76 Thickness.8 0. wg in.84 14.2 0..9 0.9 0.67 25.17 96.17 48.5 0.5 0. Pr.8 0.0 15.13 4.1 0.42 9. 1.0 0.7 0.49 8.17 160. wg in.4 0.0 9.7 0.84 57.14 290.4 0.8 0.84 112.0 0.8 0.25 85.60 0.3020 0.2 0.04 1163.25 45.42 11.1 0.50 104.23 182. 0.14 648. wg in.27 5. Def.25 193.67 12.8 0.1 0.0 0.42 53..7 0.11 265..30 197.75 81.14 248.84 6.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F .05 702.9 0.42 22.1 0.7 0.34 12.0 4.2 0.5 0. in.4 0.38 6.8 0..25 16..3 0.34 52.08 147.5 0.50 39.6 0.0 0. in.5 0.3 0.1 0.3 0. wg in.8 0.42 13.00 1.50 130.0 0.3 0.3 0.0 2.2 0.42 78.7 0.17 96.32 182.05 580.5 0.9 0.21 290.0 15.16 3.42 13.17 160.20 305. Pr.07 298.0 0.42 225.8 0.84 14.0 15.34 18.2 0.34 15.63 7.4 0.25 25.84 9.5 0.50 9.34 83.3 0.0 0.2 0.13 63. Pr.4 0.5 0..1 0.4 0.25 85.44 243.5 0.0 0..1 0.6 0.34 31.17 96..16 4.17 48.20 391.8 0. Def.0 3.0 9.1 0.50 56.42 78.9 0.7 0.83 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.0 0.08 80.34 83.2 0.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.0 0.18 Unstiffened NA 4.84 6.50 2.42 9.4 0.6 0.1 0.9 0..50 0.1 0.1 0.25 16.10 675.17 28.4 0.27 5.7 0. wg 0.0 0.75 32.0 0.2 0.67 18.2 0.5 0. Def.4 0.2 0.50 17.9 0.25 25.0 5.59 2.1 0.9 0..10 680.08 116.5 0.32 199.1 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.67 12. Def.25 45. in.5 0.42 78.17 164.5 0.4 0.3 0.12 365.3 0.25 126.30 256.5 0.3 0.1 0.17 96.0 0.42 59.7 0.25 25. wg in.25 16.3 0.0 7.0 0.7 0.8 0.26 1.42 22.4 0.84 4.7 0.34 122.42 138.42 22.02 1.07 337.02 3267.2400 0.3 0.26 5.7 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.50 7.0 15.9 0.7 0.75 25.5 0.75 2.5 0.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.34 12.25 85. Def.63 32.6 0.6 0.63 11.0 7.1116 0.3 0.2 0.17 77.67 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 10.10 675.5 0.75 Table 6.

Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.01 5.0 0.68 4.40 0.34 20.25 20.49 8. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.2 1.2 1.67 8.2400 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.42 35..7 1.8 1.9 0.34 15.300 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).68 3.5 1.32 182.25 45.0538 0.25 25.8 1.34 52.4900 Weight.0 1.68 11. 3.34 3.25 16.3 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.34 18.0 0.68 11.0 0.0 9.3 0.34 12. 6.3 0.1 0.0 7.34 31.7 0.01 11.4 0.68 6.50 7. Def.25 85.68 15.8 0.1 1.27 Larger 5.01 8.01 4. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.34 3.6 0.6 0.67 6.7 0.50 10.42 78.77 STRUCTURAL GR.1116 0.3 0.25 126.4 0.7 1.68 6.84 9.67 18. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.6 0.6 0.68 4.67 34.0 0.68 3. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.8 1. ft in.50 55.42 13.8 0.5 1.0 9.49 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS Than 8.2 0.2 1.67 34.01 15.000 psi or higher.50 26.67 6.1 0.5 0. Pr.27 5.01 11.8 1.2 0.3−4A.3 1.5 0.7 1..3 0. wg in.3 0.25 45.3650 0.32 182.8 0.3 0.0 0.68 6.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.0 7.3 1. wg 0.8 0.50 9. 0.25 25.50 39.50 7.2 0. Def. wg in.0 2.84 6.3 0.34 111.84 40.67 12..0 3.01 3.9 0. in.7 1.5 0.5 0.0 0.23 174.50 10.0677 0.16 4.5 0.3 0. Pr.6 0.0 0.42 9. Def.8 1.0 0.8 1. W.3 0.67 8.5 0. Pr.0 7. Pr.50 98. in..16 4.1 0. Pr.50 17.50 98.8 1.7 0.34 52. Pr.34 83..34 12.. wg in.4 0. Pr. The adjacent column to the right (labeled Def.50 0.42 127.01 30.1 0. ft Spacing l.25 85.8 0. Def.7 0.25 16.4 0.25 20.8 1.2 0.4 0.84 4. wg in.84 19.1 0.67 Up To Up T 10.42 11.42 22.9 0.01 20.2 1.38 7.1 0.34 52.0 1.2 0.8 1.68 11. in.25 25.84 6..4 0.40 2.84 12.84 25.50 9.5 0. in.0 4.01 16.0 16.34 12.8 0.01 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 12.4 0.9 1.5 0.2 1.42 53.34 11.84 6.42 13.90 3.0 1.00 2.8 0.1 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 1205F . wg in.84 19.42 22.42 35.1 0. wg in.67 34.42 11.0 2.6 0.2 0.00 1. in.7 1.0 NA 2..6 0.3 1.50 55.42 127.1 0..1775 0.01 4.68 22.50 39.1 1.1 0.6 0.84 25.4 0.84 5.0 3.50 9.34 14.0 0.6 0.0 NA 2.2 0.8 1.0 2.5 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.67 58.32 182.8 1.1 0..68 2.1 1.68 3.68 3.9 0.34 111.84 14..0 0.25 85.68 8. and are based on a yield strength Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition of 50..7 1.2 0.8 0.8 1..67 6.1 0.5 0.67 25.3 0.2 0.50 7.01 8.0 0..67 12.7 1.0 5.5 = 33.7 1.84 5.34 31.7 1.50 98.1 0. Def.8 0.34 83.42 9. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.34 18.4 0.0428 0.8 1.4 0.50 55.2 0.42 9. Pr. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.34 5.0 8.9 0.68 Table 6. Def.67 58.9 0.3 0..2 0.8 1.84 12.50 2..67 25.67 5.34 83.1 1.1 0.49 8.34 111.2 1.4 0.0 0. Def.9 1. Def. Pr.27 5. wg in. b.7 0.34 20.67 5.3 0.84 9.4 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.01 20.4 0.25 20.8 0.0 6.0 2.3020 0.0 9.20 305.80 1.2 1.50 17.67 10.9 0.4 0.3 0.68 2.34 31.5 1..67 18.0 NA 2.1 0.3 1.0 5.84 14.0 0.23 174.5 0.34 15.4 0.16 4. in. wg in.23 174.42 13.1 1.0 0.4 0.42 35. in. in.84 5.4 0.5 1.1 0.50 17.38 6.5 0.0 4.2 0.0 0.84 14.4 0. c..68 15.25 126.67 18.2 0.67 8.4 0.3 0.84 20.68 8. in.8 1.01 30.67 5.0 NA 2.42 53.84 19.0 0. Def.84 25. in.0 3.34 18.3 0.0 1. wg in. wg in.42 78.0 1.50 26.10 1.8 0..000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel.84 4.0 4.34 20.34 15.3 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.34 14.7 0.0 0.84 9.01 15.1 0.3 0.0 2.68 4.6 0.42 78.50 26.4 0.42 127. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.1 0.20 305.1 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.9 1.50 10. Def.25 16. Def.3 1. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out)..34 8.6 0.7 0.5 0.1 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 1205F (continued) NOTES: a.8 0.42 22.25 126.4 0.68 2.8 0.34 11.34 3.5 1.0966 0.1 0.60 0.0 8.84 40.2 1.9 1.34 3.9 0..0 NA 2.4 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.6 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.84 4.5 1.67 25.5 0.34 20. Pr.42 53. in.38 6.50 39.67 12.01 5.84 40. wg in..8 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.34 8.67 58.34 5.67 10.20 305.1 0.1265 0.0 5.25 45.42 11.68 3. in.8 0.68 8.01 3.1 1.9 0.4 0.

42 59.17 24.4 0.0 0.34 19.0428 0.34 8.75 7.17 41.25 22.12 257.0 0.15 534.9 0.1 0.84 7.1 0.7 0.0 14.40 2.2 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.0 14.11 452.10 370.6 0.7 0.75 2.25 10.75 21.3 0.15 4.5 0.38 249.6 0.25 26.25 10.8 0.9 0.25 26..2 0.07 3.50 34.67 5.9 0.08 118.50 19.0 3.0 2. Pr.84 51.4 0.3 0.17 62.5 0.02 1 2679. in.75 17.4 0.84 5.2 0.0 29.17 103.18 296.05 1884.21 173.50 0.17 18.0 4.2 0.1775 0.13 39.42 8.2 0.6 0.4 0.42 78.3 0.1 0.78 Thickness.0 4.7 0.21 471.3 0.06 2.84 11.46 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.50 13.34 8.8 0.75 10.6 0.3 0.42 16.34 8.7 0.84 29.23 127.42 12.25 22.12 96.7 0.5 0.29 175.40 222.25 14.0 0.84 4.84 4.0 0.63 107.2 0. Pr.34 19.5 21.2 0.7 0.9 0.75 37.25 56.34 60.3 0.16 Unstiffened NA NA 3.6 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.50 5.84 11.17 24.50 59.9 0..02 3219.17 53.0538 0.17 18.1 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.34 60.1 0.7 0.3 0.7 0. in.50 9.9 0.67 51.0 8.5 0.5 0.5 0.50 69.1 0.2 0.40 120.2 0.7 9 0.25 26.3−1A.25 32.5 0.4900 Weight.8 0.5 0.6 0.32 108.1 0.4 0.7 0.7 7 0.3 0.2 0.29 175.07 449.1 0.84 26..1 0.07 149.1 0.0 0.29 93.0 0.7 0.50 11.7 0.24 5.3 0.31 448.7 0. STRUCTURAL GR.9 0.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F .2 0.7 0.0 0.15 169.0 0. ft in.25 14.0 0.21 173.48 209.84 26.3 0.67 14.75 4.67 7.1 0.67 20..23 125.6 0.17 41.10 370.1 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.0 14.07 185.0 0.2 0.34 16.3 0.08 118.04 2.7 0.80 1.34 10.2 0.15 4.2 0.1 0. in. 0.11 164.9 0.25 56.25 14.25 89.84 11.2 0.03 1482.3 0.08 715.5 0.32 129.17 53.0 4. in.09 665.67 8.7 0.00 2.6 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.17 24..5 0.2 0. Def.70 199.42 25.42 25.9 0.7 0.0 0.24 5.25 22.08 43. Def.0 0.5 0. W.2 0.34 8.6 0.42 16.3 0.9 0.5 0..67 8.17 53.0 5.15 4.4 0.7 0.1 0.6 6 0.0 2.34 22.12 681.42 16.1 0.75 Table 6.2 0. wg in.84 15.2 0.06 656.42 12. 5 0.0 6.2 0.45 8.7 0.0 6.1265 0.25 56.75 110.3 0.7 0.08 804.63 21.2 0.25 56. in.0 8. Def.0 8.3 0.0 4 0.42 6. wg in.50 19.0 3.1 0.09 665.23 125. Pr.84 7. wg in.4 0.34 82.0 0.0 6.0966 0.6 0.17 18.7 0.3 0.9 0.10 1.9 0. ft Spacing l.0 0.75 15.25 32.6 0.50 6.3 0.08 66. wg in.50 9.8 0.34 22.7 0.7 0.75 2.07 167.8 0.7 0.6 0.9 0. Pr.9 0.34 82.2 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.75 90.23 125.5 0.8 0.08 43.7 0.84 15. 0.50 6.0 0.9 0. 0.84 20.84 15.50 29.9 0.42 59.67 3.50 13.6 0.34 19.6 0.. wg in.4 0.34 10.7 0.40 142. Pr.0 6.25 26.25 14.50 5. 3 0.06 422.3 0.7 0.67 14.42 73.1 0. Def.50 11.6 0.02 2.29 249.3 0.5 0.5 0.36 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.8 0.9 0.17 103.8 0.42 40.5 0.8 0.8 7 0.0 5.16 430.8 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.84 3.30 6.5 0.1 0.50 42.6 0.2 0.3 0.17 24.11 4.34 82.42 12.2 0.7 0.42 40.0 2.9 0.42 25.0 0. wg in.17 65.6 0.25 89.32 108.25 119.9 0.42 6.50 61.0 3.9 0.42 8.75 3.2 0.7 0.17 103..9 0.0 6.6 0.50 116.6 0.3 0.1 0.23 1.18 298.50 93.50 11.67 27.17 24.10 370.0 0.24 5. 0.6 0.4 0.3 0..15 185.08 1795.42 40.17 95.3020 0.2 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 3505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.0 0.6 0.50 19.34 60.12 305.67 9.07 3. Pr.0 0.75 4.6 0.84 41.1 0.09 665.40 120.4 0.42 123.63 48.12 257.25 22.0 2.9 0.07 3. in.9 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.0 0.17 41.34 113.1 0.42 14.9 0.4 0 0..17 41.50 29.8 0.17 103.9 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.34 22.34 19..7 0.42 40. Def.0 29.25 89. Def.25 22.17 65.7 0.5 0.09 996. wg in.40 0. Def.3 0.4 0.42 6.1 0.75 67.0 14.67 10.9 0.23 203.05 1186.34 10.34 36.38 24.2 0.34 16.67 7.10 370.18 357.29 196.8 0.32 108.67 60.34 10.0 14.6 0.34 19.9 0.02 1735.0 4.15 169. Pr.4 0..7 0.2 0.50 19.2 0.1116 0.8 0.17 18.25 26.9 0.25 128.50 91.7 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.34 36.0 6.35 60 6.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.74 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.34 16.13 66.84 64.25 32.17 53.06 351.5 0.23 5.2 0.22 235.2 0.17 53.07 214..34 10.7 0.2 0.17 24. wg in.14 3.35 40 4. in.9 0.3 0.6 0. Def.3 0.15 169.4 0..38 62. 1.03 1012.12 257.42 14.6 0.5 0.25 10.42 78.50 5.25 32.0 8. Pr.9 0.7 0.8 0.18 298.15 169.21 192.6 0. in. in.84 6.84 115.08 66.6 0.0 5.6 0.75 8.3 0.9 0.6 0.67 5.42 78.6 0.18 298.9 0.42 14.7 0.67 3.17 18.2 0.50 29.1 0.42 6.5 0.2 0.42 25.25 10.4 0.06 1.84 3.50 6.50 5. wg in.50 9.25 89.0 0.1 0.9 0.12 257.67 117.17 103.09 665.84 6.0 0.2400 0.8 0..63 9. in.34 22.0 6.0 0.7 0.42 8.5 0.9 0.42 12.50 42.1 0.4 0.6 0.84 5.4 0..9 0.67 36.4 0.46 10.7 0.1 0.0 0.9 0. Pr.1 0.0 0. 0.60 0.0 0.7 0.34 8.2 0.84 5.34 36..17 65.3 0.17 65.25 56.3650 0. Def.. in.7 0.0 0.75 13.25 32.2 0.1 0.0 0.42 59.50 59.6 0. wg 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.34 36.2 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.21 173.25 10. Def..17 65.34 82.2 0.0 0.13 80. in.75 37. 0 0. wg in.0 8.1 0. wg in.4 0.7 0.2 0.17 18.34 16. 0.47 170.50 13.2 0.06 1045.4 0.0 14.1 0.4 0.2 0.00 1.52 2.7 0..1 0.17 125.2 0.17 41.50 11.5 0.67 9.42 14.50 13.0677 0.7 0.50 2.6 0.34 16. 0.4 0.2 0. 0.1 0.63 10.75 33.9 0.7 0.50 42.04 740.07 3..0 5.5 0.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.0 5.15 247.5 0.5 0.05 638.42 8.9 0.6 0.10 446.2 0.35 6.0 4.5 0.1 0.34 22.1 0.6 0.2 0..2 0.2 0. Pr.63 14.04 Unstiffened 7.25 14.7 0.34 48.84 3.13 28.8 0.84 6.67 20.84 4.0 0.4 0.42 16.50 9.84 7.1 0.38 15.0 0.50 6.1 0.90 3.02 1.26 261.34 60.03 1222. Def.67 29.1 0.32 178.1 0.4 0.09 287.1 0.50 133.84 20.

67 7.3 0.34 20.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel. Def.23 125.00 1. in.34 16.2 0.9 0.1 0.4 0.34 3.8 1.50 6. Def.15 4.5 0. Def.2 0.4 0.7 1.84 7.29 175.0538 0.1 0.84 20.34 10.60 0.1 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.68 3.7 0.15 4..7 0.0 8.0 8. Pr..0 0. wg in.42 14. in.7 0.42 25.7 0.8 0.9 1.42 40.0677 0.34 22.0 0.25 89.50 29.0 1.68 5. in.67 36.01 6.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.4 0.3 0.34 60.79 STRUCTURAL GR. in.6 1.84 41..2 0.0 NA NA NA 2.32 108. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 3505F .25 32.50 42.7 0.0 0.25 10.15 4.68 11.42 59.5 0.67 36.1 0.29 175.50 59.84 11.24 Larger 5.50 13.67 3.0 NA NA 2.67 14.5 1.5 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.67 27.01 4. c.2 0.68 11.3 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.25 22.35 6.2 0.67 5.7 0.8 1.2 0.7 0.67 20.1 0.7 0.2 0.34 11.4 0.5 0.34 36.0 0.67 60.9 1.25 10.42 59.1 0.25 89..42 25.40 120.34 19.5 = 29.2 0.25 56.2 0. Pr.10 1. and in magnitude by as much as 100%. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.67 7.42 25.7 0.6 0.2 1.90 3. wg in..42 59.7 0.7 1.1 0.. Def. in.0966 0.34 82.7 0.3 0.42 6.9 0.4 1.42 40.6 1.84 6.8 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.9 0.3 1.1 1.1265 0.8 0.68 5.34 20. wg in.9 0.1 0.4 0.25 22.67 36.68 16.8 0.3 0. and are based on a yield strength Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition of 50.0 0.32 108.4 0.01 21.6 0.42 78.9 0.6 0.32 108.1 0.01 16.3 0.68 3.01 3.0 12.84 5.0 1.4 0..9 0.34 36.2 0.. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.6 1.01 16. Pr.68 9.0 NA NA NA 2.9 0.5 1.6 1.34 60.3650 0.2 1.6 0.35 7.1 1.01 2. Def.42 12.9 0.7 0.67 8.68 24.00 2.50 6.1 0.2 0.34 6.34 19.34 19.84 12.34 82. Pr.6 0.000 psi or higher..4 0.5 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.01 5.40 2.5 0.42 12.7 0.3 1.1 0.67 8.1 0.42 14.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 1.4 0.2 1.42 8.67 27.1 0.34 36.01 2.3 0.7 0.3 1.50 6.50 13.40 120. Pr.67 10.67 14.68 9.5 0.7 0.34 11.25 89.84 12.0 0.84 5.6 1.3 1. in.84 3. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).7 1.84 26.1775 0.8 1.2 1.6 1.84 7. wg in. in.0 3.25 32.6 0.1 1.7 0.0 2.4 0.34 8.5 0.6 1.84 20.24 5.6 1.2 0.01 21.8 0.6 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.50 19. wg in.50 0.5 0.68 Table 6.0 0.0 6.34 82.0 NA NA 2.6 0.68 7.0 0.0 NA NA NA 2.1 0.0 8.0 0.1 0.40 120.50 11.4 0.7 0.7 0.0 2.18 298.34 22.01 6.2 0. wg in..68 3.68 7.7 0.7 0.7 0.3 1. ft in.42 40.42 78.50 91.18 298.1 1.0 8.25 14. The adjacent column to the rigth (labled Def.1 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.34 16. Pr.3 0.50 42.6 0. wg 0.6 0.0 4.67 8.46 8.67 9.3 1.68 9.68 3.6 0.01 4.2 0.35 6.68 11...34 9.7 0.4 0.0 5.0 6.34 60.67 20.3 1.34 9. Pr.0 4.42 6.9 0.25 56.84 41. Def.34 14.25 14.1 0.67 Up To Up T 10.68 3.7 0.0428 0.42 12.2 1.0 2.50 59.6 0.84 15. Def.25 32.40 0.0 0.1116 0.68 3.7 0.3 1.3−1A.42 78.2 0. Pr.67 10.0 5.68 7.3 0.2 0. 0.84 4.0 0. ft Spacing l.3 1..84 15.67 9.46 Than 8.6 0.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F (continued) a.50 19.5 1.84 26.4 1. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.2 0.4 0.0 8.7 0.6 1. in.2 0.6 1.68 5.84 4.7 0.01 9.34 8.5 0.1 0.34 22.34 20.1 1.8 0.4 0.4 1.34 6. 6.8 1.84 3.7 0.80 1.7 0. in.8 1.9 0..67 27.84 26.2 0.50 13.68 3.84 20.50 11.7 0.6 1. wg in.42 16.42 14.7 0.42 16..4 0.50 5.0 1.01 12.9 0.01 16.4900 Weight.0 2.67 5. in.7 0.25 26.25 56.5 1.8 0.1 0.0 0.50 42.3 0.2 1.18 298.25 26.25 26.84 11.2 0.7 0.84 11.34 8. in.2 0.3 0.01 3.350 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).01 31.21 173.0 0.42 6.50 91.0 3.6 1.50 9. in.21 173.8 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.29 175.23 125.84 5.67 7.67 60.50 59.5 0.5 1.84 15.6 0.3020 0.23 125. Pr.34 4.0 0.34 4.01 16.9 0.0 6.68 3.2400 0..01 9.9 0.67 20.4 1.42 8. 3..5 0.67 3.7 0.7 1.50 91. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.5 1. Def.34 10. Pr.7 0..9 0.7 1.8 0.84 20.3 1.7 0.84 7.34 20.5 0.1 0.8 0.67 5.50 5.25 10.50 29.8 1.1 0.84 6.50 2.84 4.34 10.3 0. Def.84 3. Def.34 14.25 14.3 0.68 16. wg in.50 9.84 41.6 0.34 16. wg in.3 0.1 1.34 3.5 0.0 6.6 0.01 5.50 5.84 6.24 5.1 1.7 1.21 173.01 31.1 0.8 0..01 12.1 0.0 4..67 60.7 0.2 0.34 4.67 14.67 9.7 1. wg in.67 3.6 0.8 0.6 0.42 16.9 0.0 3.3 0. b.0 2.9 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.2 0.34 4. wg in.8 0..50 19.50 9..42 8.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.0 5.25 22.46 8.8 0.50 29. W.50 11. Def.

63 12.0 3.6 0.17 16.67 13.50 10.3 0.4 0.67 7.35 6.50 4.00 2.6 0.25 24.09 649.4 0.38 51. in.0 2.8 0.50 9.50 58.84 2.0 0.3 0.50 112.0 5. Def.23 5.1 0.4 0.2 0.1775 0. Def. 0.84 3.17 48.4 0.0 23.0 0.1 0 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 4.2 0.0 0.9 0.8 0.17 48.07 136.5 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.6 0.0 2.75 17.80 Thickness.13 74.07 147.11 358.3 0.63 18.50 4..11 358.7 0. ft in.7 0.1 0.25 53.12 89.0 0.5 0. in.0428 0.5 0. Pr. Pr.25 30.17 22.15 161.0 0.0 4.0 0.75 2.17 37.25 12.4 0. wg in.8 0.1 0.25 86.50 0.04 Unstiffened 5.42 15.25 122.34 80.13 247.1 0. in.25 30.50 18. Def.8 0.84 10.1 0.0 0.84 2.7 0.75 107.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.25 86.42 69.3−2A.0538 0.50 18. wg in.5 0.25 53.17 22.13 24.42 13.0 0.33 171.34 15.3 0. Pr.1 0.3 0.34 34.34 7.6 0.5 0.6 0.36 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.8 0.3 0. Def.8 0.4 0.34 57.84 10.3 0..0 5.9 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.34 80.02 3140.8 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.34 15.. in.84 15.03 1651.3 0.2 0.14 3.25 20.0 0.9 0.40 118.08 687.50 90.0 0. Pr.7 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.75 63.17 61.50 28.0 4.04 972.75 7.15 161.25 30.0 0.3 0.17 16.5 0.53 2.50 2.4 0.9 0.6 0.24 122. wg in.25 5.7 0.84 7.4 0.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.3 0.34 7.67 19.5 0.5 0.0 0.50 9.34 21.17 22.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.0677 0.4 0.25 24.7 0.2 0.34 9.5 0.5 17.0 0.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.9 0.0 11.84 27.29 196.8 0.5 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 3505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.2 0.15 4.17 16.10 273.25 24.1 0. Def.42 117.42 11.6 0.7 0. in.8 0.3 0.2 2 0.9 0.7 0.7 0..4 0.25 12.84 26.34 9.0 0.42 5.84 10.34 80.5 0.34 43.9 0.84 112.08 106.75 Table 6.34 9..0 0.34 21. W. Pr.08 35.17 37.60 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.25 20.0 3.8 0.34 18.50 6.0 11.9 0.3 0..04 734.42 15.50 12.7 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.6 0.13 247.07 170.11 358.0 0.0 0.9 0.5 0.03 1433.4 0..2 0.50 12.0 0.0 0.67 3.5 0.24 122.0 0.4 0.0 23. 2 0. 3 0.17 409.4 0.34 21.84 3.19 349.3 0.84 6.0 4.3 0.71 194.07 3.5 0.1 0.50 32. STRUCTURAL GR.4 0. ft Spacing l.0 5.4 0. wg in..19 291.0 0.84 6.0 2.42 5.8 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.25 53.5 0.7 0.05 606.21 168.67 36.42 57.0 2.0 5.17 16.8 0. in. 0.0 0.42 24.1 0.50 18.35 40 4.9 0.42 15.6 0.17 98.50 28.4 0.7 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.42 24.9 0.34 18.25 86.5 0. in.9 0.17 48.84 6..0 3. Pr.7 0.50 65.50 9.5 0.5 0.3 0.42 7.7 0.5 0.46 8.2 0.0 7. Pr.17 61.1 0.75 2.5 0.11 429.84 40.34 9.67 27.08 432.17 48.5 0.50 41.1 0.84 3.0 0.6 0.25 9.2 0.34 57. in.25 53.1 0.3 0.0 11.21 168.3 0.64 10.5 0. 0.8 0.50 10.09 649.0 0.48 204. wg in.8 0.0 7.2 0.8 0.42 38.42 76.17 51.3 0.25 9.24 122.6 0.15 161.7 0.9 0.1 0. wg in.26 252.67 6.29 171.2 0.38 22.0 0.3 0.13 34.34 80.42 15.0 0..25 12.42 13.42 38.32 105.84 2.50 90.3 0.17 16.3 0.9 0.7 0.34 57.8 0. in.5 0.17 98.0 6...0 0.32 437.25 30..08 785. wg in.84 5.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.38 10.07 3.0 5.3 0.8 0.06 634.7 0.8 0.05 1838.19 287.9 0..0 9 0.3 0.67 9.42 38.0 0.6 0.13 293.25 5.3 0. 9 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.67 59.84 5.3650 0.23 1.6 0.25 53.7 0.42 38.8 0.19 291.1 0.1 0.15 4.7 0.50 4.2 0.13 61.08 1751.0 5.8 0.0 0.8 0.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F .6 0.9 0. 1.7 0.7 0.2 0.67 49.34 7..5 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr. 0.06 2.50 9.0 0. Def.75 8.03 1174.6 0.50 41.1 0.17 37.07 1011.3 0.1 0.75 14.42 76.50 130.5 0.50 57. wg in.0 0.5 0.84 5.7 0.67 6.24 195.25 30.25 24.42 11.9 0.67 114.0 0.7 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.90 3.3 0. 0.2 0.15 521. Pr.13 247.5 0.84 15.34 34.07 187.1 0.46 10.3 0.50 18.67 4.07 3.08 106.1 0.4 0.40 136.34 7.17 81.42 24.2 0.02 4 2614.02 1.8 0..9 0. Def.25 9.8 0.30 6.42 7.40 118.4 0. Def.29 171.32 123.75 20.25 86.5 0. in.7 0.6 3 0.8 0.75 35.27 108.0 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.17 48.84 49.3 0.15 161.50 10.42 5. Def.5 0.7 0.34 57.9 0.74 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.75 35.63 43.84 7.1265 0.6 0.2 0.15 183.67 9.8 0.84 20.0 0.75 31.67 27.5 0.1 0.0966 0.34 7.02 2.2 0.08 55.12 655.0 0. 0.06 394.0 0.9 0.67 4.3 0.7 0.31 81.84 61.4 0.63 7.7 0.07 3.34 21.0 0.16 Unstiffened NA NA 2.0 0.08 35. in.0 11.21 168.9 0.9 0.08 55.50 4.17 22.21 192.17 16.13 247.2 0.5 0.7 0..2 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.50 6.34 15.6 0.17 37.0 0.34 21.49 163.4 0..2 0.29 243.1116 0.12 155.17 37.50 10.2 0.42 57.42 13.50 12.0 0.50 6.8 0.15 4.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.11 4.06 328.2 0. wg in.3 0.17 61.24 122.34 9. wg 0. Pr.7 0.10 1.17 98.8 0.25 12.0 7.8 0.34 34.35 60 6.50 41.50 28.10 963.75 12.0 0.40 2.34 18..0 7.67 3.32 105.7 0.67 7.00 1.9 0.7 0.25 20.06 1.17 61.84 20.6 0.0 3.2400 0.75 9.0 0.34 18.16 230.84 7.25 5.0 2.25 24.32 105.80 1. Def.17 22.09 649.0 3.17 98.34 107.24 219.75 87.17 61.25 20.84 26..46 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.0 6.11 358.42 11.5 0.25 9.4 0.3 0.0 0.4 0. Pr.8 0.42 76.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.4900 Weight.1 0.84 15.25 20.34 15.10 432.40 0.2 0.50 6.42 7.50 12.09 649.6 0.0 2.. in.6 0. wg in.34 34.38 240.3 0.25 12.7 0.9 0.5 0.40 216.0 0.0 0.42 24.9 0.75 4.22 459.2 0.4 0.6 0.67 13.0 0.42 7.4 0.25 9.1 0.17 113.42 13. Def.04 2.34 15.7 0.50 57.0 4.67 10.6 0.17 22.7 0.42 57.17 98.0 11.2 0.8 0.67 19.9 0.42 5. wg in.1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.8 0.3020 0.0 11.19 291.7 0.3 0.34 18.42 11.0 0.0 7..63 102.05 1157.3 0.1 0.

01 5.3 0.34 20.6 1.0 8.34 8.0 2.7 1.6 0.25 24.19 291.4 1.00 2.5 0.34 6.29 171.0 4. Def.34 80.6 1.42 38.67 3.21 168.4 0.67 6.50 10.5 0.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel.68 9.50 6.7 0.25 53.0538 0.25 24.5 0.4 1.67 10.7 0.34 57. Def.84 2.01 16.25 86.7 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.84 26.7 1.42 38. in.25 53.84 10.50 4.5 0.0 1.0 1.. in.3 0.5 1.01 16.84 15.34 21.80 1. Def.01 31.01 6.0 1.3 0.0 2.84 7.34 7.67 19.2 0.84 6.2 0.0 NA NA NA 2.7 0. W.3 1.5 0.3 0.25 24.68 11.10 1.1 0.5 = 29.0 2.34 34.68 Table 6.32 105.25 9.7 0.5 0.1 0. wg in.34 14.34 80.84 3.0 8.68 11. Def.67 36.7 0.42 57.67 27.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F (continued) a.84 40.8 0.42 24..8 0.7 0.5 0.0 0.67 59.0428 0. 3. Pr.67 Up To Up T 10.7 0.67 36.1 0.0 7.42 76.3 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.29 171..5 0.5 0.9 0.2 1.5 0.4 0..34 15.84 5.34 6.7 0.21 168.34 11.0 0. 6.25 86.5 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.7 0.0 6.2 1.24 122.4 0. in. in.9 0.3 0.0 5.50 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.42 76.6 0.1 0.35 6.8 0.6 0.1 0.0 1.0 1.6 0.84 20.34 34.50 41.4 1.29 171.2 0.7 0.9 0. in.25 9.84 2.1 1.8 1.0 12.68 15.1775 0.8 0.0 1.0 0.8 0.50 90.34 3.0 NA 2. wg in. 0.35 7.42 15.9 0.0677 0.84 10.8 0.67 19..1 1.67 3.0 NA 2.68 3.67 6.25 20.15 4.0 4.84 6. c.01 3. wg in.9 1.84 15.25 30.34 11.67 59.84 20.8 0.84 26.. wg in. Pr.67 9. wg in.0 0.6 0.50 57. in.40 118.9 0. Pr.1 0.4 0.0 5.34 9.7 0.6 0.46 8. wg in..50 28.3 1..67 27.6 1.3 0. ft in.67 7.6 0.50 10.84 12.4 0.1 1.1 0.68 3.50 12.7 1.4 0.1 1.5 0.68 3.90 3.7 0. Def.0 1.3 1.0 3.2 0.3 0.4 1.7 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 NA NA NA 2.42 76.00 1.67 9.68 3.2 1.1 1.0 NA NA 2.8 0.6 0.3020 0.50 18.1 1.2 0.3 1.3 0.25 86.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.0 0.67 7.34 18.9 0.1 0.9 1.4 1.2 0.50 4. Def.50 57.01 20.0 7.34 4.34 7.84 3.4 0.19 291.42 5.24 122. ft Spacing l.67 3. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.6 0.3 0.3 0.3650 0.0 3.34 18.9 0.1 1. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.34 3.6 0.68 15.5 0.25 20.01 5.5 0.34 20. wg in.50 12.67 9.6 0.50 28.2 0.42 7.25 20.42 5.. Pr.50 10.50 6.3 1.8 0.42 7.34 21.24 122. Def.50 9.5 0.1 1.32 105. in.01 16.68 3.25 30..7 1.8 0. in.0 0. Pr.2 0.25 12.42 57.1 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.6 0.42 24.1 1.5 1.2 0.7 1.01 31.50 4. wg in.. wg 0.5 0.9 0.34 3.50 90.40 118.67 4.4900 Weight. These deflection values are relative and approximate.42 11.6 0.84 10.68 7. Pr.8 0.68 7.34 20. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.84 40.3 0..1 0. Pr.42 13. Def.4 0.7 0.19 291.2 1.25 9.34 8.60 0.15 4.) lists the estimated deflection in inches. wg in.4 0.46 Than 8.0 NA NA NA 2.01 8.8 0.6 0.68 7.9 0.3 0.01 3.5 1.25 12.6 0.9 0.84 20.3 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).7 0.50 18.8 0.25 Larger 5.67 36.0 0. Pr.0 0.42 15. The left−hand column (labeled Pr. in.67 4.01 8.01 4. Def. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 3505F .34 20.2 0.34 15.3−2A.68 3.0 0.67 19.8 0.84 40.4 0.34 57.67 27.50 90.67 13.7 0.6 0.84 3.0 0.40 118..42 11.67 7.35 6.50 57.3 1.67 4.50 18.5 0.4 0.0966 0.84 7. Def.9 0.0 1. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.50 2. and in magnitude by as much as 100%. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.42 57.42 11.15 4.1 0.42 13.32 105.5 0.1 0.7 0. wg in.34 9.5 0.0 0.0 1.3 1.5 0...84 15.1116 0.68 11.4 0.8 0.0 0.25 53.81 STRUCTURAL GR.0 1.34 3.01 12..68 23. in..3 1.42 24.68 9.0 7.42 13.1 0.25 5.7 0.34 15.01 6.34 80.67 10.5 1.4 0.4 0.68 3.. The adjacent column to the rigth (labled Def. wg in.7 0.6 0.01 12.01 20.2 0.46 8.84 7.50 6..68 3.40 0.21 168.0 2.01 16. Pr.50 12.5 0.34 9.50 9.67 59.7 0.3 0.84 2.0 2.0 0.0 0.84 26.34 34.40 2.4 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.25 12.34 4.7 0.7 0.68 5.7 0.3 0.42 7. and are based on a yield strength Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition of 50.9 1.0 1.4 1..5 0.2 0.4 0..84 12.42 38.3 0.0 5.8 1.84 5.34 7.0 0.0 3.350 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).4 1. Def. b.34 14.2 0.01 4.8 0.1265 0.50 28.0 0.3 0. Pr.2400 0.9 0. in.25 5.6 1. in.3 0.42 5.8 1.34 21.0 0.000 psi or higher.84 20.68 5.2 0.5 0.42 15.3 0.3 0.6 0.84 5.5 0.68 5.0 4.0 1.0 0.67 13.2 0.0 0.6 0.68 9.67 6.50 41.2 0.0 0.84 6.0 2.0 0..6 0.0 NA NA 2.6 0.34 57.25 30.50 41.4 0. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.4 1.50 9.0 0.34 18.0 0.67 13.8 0.

6 0.84 3.3 0.17 42.2 0.9 0.0 6.08 43.17 32.34 13.7 0.5 0.80 1. in.34 54.9 0.08 119.4 0.65 10.3 0.50 55.9 0.2 0.4 0. wg 0.4 0.17 54.15 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 4.1 0.34 19. 1.50 39.7 0.3 0.5 19.84 108.67 8.0 0.42 14.4 0. Def.1 0.8 0.37 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.4 0. Def.50 88. ft Spacing l.09 627.42 36.1 0..50 11.42 36.03 1543.7 4 0.25 5..1 0. in.9 0.24 116.5 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.0 0.25 27.25 199.5 0.2 0. 9 0.0 7. wg in.3 0.34 99.1 0.34 32.42 36.29 94.67 26. W.0 0.4 0.17 64.3 0.41 133.17 32.0 0.4 0.07 3.24 116.4 0.39 230.7 0.1 0.34 19.67 12.7 0. wg in.50 9.0 2.8 0. wg in.10 1.8 0.0 0.34 13.13 235..2 0.5 1 0.25 82.5 0.42 12. Pr.4 0.10 413.0 6.0 4.5 0.9 0.8 0.84 5.0 0.5 0.07 966.11 343.2 0.. Def.4 0.1 0.24 1.0 2.7 0.7 0.3 0.17 18.8 0.34 13.34 16.75 Table 6.30 166.0677 0.1 0.09 627.13 235.4 0.5 0.36 60 6.42 74.8 0.07 3.34 8.67 8.75 6.25 18.0 26.17 18.3 0.0428 0.9 0.42 10.67 18.84 10.25 27.8 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.50 107.6 0.31 6.84 3.06 1777.0 0.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F .4 0.9 0.32 101.15 152.25 18.9 0.25 27.8 0.54 2.50 9.67 18.5 0.90 3.40 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.32 101.3 0.3 0.0 4 0. Pr.7 0.03 1370.24 116.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.9 0.25 22.5 0.50 11... wg in.02 0 2528.9 0.42 112.0 0. Pr.0 0.11 343.17 91.0 7.50 126.34 32.12 4.50 55.4 0.25 82.0 0.5 0.4 0.09 759.0 6. in.05 684.36 6.00 1.67 10.0 13.34 16. wg in.25 48.34 13.34 16.30 235.0 0.4 0.84 4.09 650.2 0.03 1112. Pr.24 184.3 0.2 0.17 91.1 0.6 0.17 91.4 0.13 235.1 0.9 0.21 181. wg in.0 0.67 111.50 8.19 337. in.5 0. 0.2 0.0 0...3 0. Pr.75 2. in.4 0..4 0.17 32..17 38.75 58.9 0.42 10.8 0.4 0.08 409.1 0.34 64.42 6.0 0.8 0.25 27.50 11.9 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.1116 0.24 116.5 0.06 2.0 13.41 209.9 0.3 0.9 0.16 Unstiffened NA NA 5.8 8 0.21 161.7 0.5 0.42 54.09 627.3 0..67 57.3 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.13 81.84 19..07 3.3 0.42 14.82 Thickness.07 3.4 0.0 0.3 0..0 6.34 32.1 0. wg in.11 343.3 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.17 54.9 0.8 0.7 0.25 48.34 37.0 0.67 6.0 0.8 0.10 921.0966 0. Def.4 0.6 0.2 0.50 9.1 0.1 0.4 0. in.2 0.3020 0.84 6.32 101.50 17.3650 0.1 0.0 4.50 5.50 39.9 0.5 0. in.13 278.4 0.4 0.15 4.84 5.11 343.14 3.17 91.9 0.0 0.41 115.7 0.34 77.75 10.30 188. 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.17 18.5 0.2 0.17 18.0 2.8 0.25 48.25 111.25 82.08 93.0 6.6 0.9 0.8 0.34 8.84 14.67 6.4 0.0 0.3 0.84 6.9 0.9 0.2 0.42 12.84 39.3 0.9 0.08 1694.0 3.50 88.9 0.25 5.50 5.19 282.9 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.50 197.84 26. Def.50 39.16 504.2 0.0 5.0 0.0 0.84 58.9 0.3−3A.02 1.5 0.2 0.42 10.40 2.9 0.2 0.2 0.04 2.2 0.17 18.4 0.8 0.50 5.0 3.3 0.09 627.8 0.5 0.8 0.46 8.9 0.84 45.. Def..8 0.8 0.4 0.25 10. wg in. in.34 8.9 0.42 14.6 0.5 0.4 0.50 5.7 0.50 8.0 3.1 0.8 0.0 2.32 119.41 115.42 10.7 0.25 48.34 13.7 0.0 4.75 18.17 91.25 22.63 37.25 18.42 23.9 0.5 0.25 5. STRUCTURAL GR.84 6.4 0.19 282.8 0.5 0.67 3.75 13..42 54.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0. Pr. wg in..0 6.0 3.17 209.3 0.0 0.34 54.36 40 4.42 36.0 4.73 188. ft in.47 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.17 54..8 0.4 0.5 0. Pr.9 0.34 8.6 0.9 0.84 14.4 0.0538 0.7 0.84 25.5 0.76 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.5 0.25 10.1 0.25 18.4 0.21 161.7 0.5 0.21 161.75 83.50 8. Pr.8 0.13 235.25 10.5 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.17 32.0 0.50 17.0 3.07 152.6 0.1 0.4 0.17 54.7 0.67 45.1265 0.00 2.42 6.75 33.2400 0.06 606.0 2.4 0.05 1118.0 26.75 34.38 38.15 152..42 74.47 10.42 6.5 0.42 63.1 0. in.50 0.75 28.0 0.9 0. Pr.0 7.9 0.4 0.0 13.25 22.50 59.84 10.5 0.4 0.84 10.63 95.34 19.25 48.5 0.5 0.27 241.0 0.25 22.2 0.67 12.7 0.4900 Weight.34 19.9 0.75 2.0 6. Def.3 0.50 9.15 167.7 0.3 0. wg in.17 381. Def.4 0. Def.15 4.24 5.8 0.84 25.42 23.15 152.50 27.63 9.06 299.1 0.34 8.0 13.25 10.8 0.0 0.50 55.13 67.05 566.04 Unstiffened 6.13 620.0 4.75 7.17 42.8 0.8 0.0 0.84 5.4 0.5 0.50 28.25 18.17 98.8 0.2 0.42 14.42 23.19 282.9 0.02 3038.5 0.1 0.6 0.50 17.67 3.5 0.7 0.0 13.34 77.8 0.84 4.06 358.4 0.0 0.32 423.7 0.2 0.02 2.1 0.17 54.25 10.4 0.4 0. in.4 0.5 0. 0.1 0.2 0..08 93.34 77.6 0.6 0.84 4.17 42.34 32.17 18.13 54.08 119.50 17.50 11.12 143.5 0.63 14.10 256.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.50 27.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.34 54.84 19.84 14.0 0. 0.34 16.4 0.17 32.17 42.15 152.19 274.9 0.07 151.3 0.4 0..0 0.9 0.1 0.42 6. 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.13 28. wg in.34 54.8 0. in.8 0.42 23.04 920.67 34.2 0.1 0.38 15. in.75 3.06 1.0 0.34 162. 0 0.0 0. Def.0 13.9 0.30 166.50 2.50 8. 0.7 0.67 7.08 43.34 77.4 0.7 0.67 26.75 102.6 0.1775 0.25 82.42 74.67 7.25 27.7 0.34 16.50 27.42 54.17 42.4 0.2 0.22 444. Def.12 400.5 0.7 0.1 0.9 0.42 12.4 0.0 7.75 8.50 155..4 0.2 0.8 0.75 16. Pr.0 7.60 0.25 22.8 0.0 2.8 0.1 0.42 12.34 19.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.84 3. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 3505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.

.2 0.25 48. Pr.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F (continued) a.67 3. W.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.1 0.25 22.5 0.34 8.42 23.9 1.67 18.34 54.8 1.84 39.5 0.36 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 6.84 3.50 5.42 54. b.34 11.8 0.7 0.84 6.9 0.7 0.8 1.8 0.7 0.84 19.0 0.01 20.36 7.4 0.8 0.4 1.42 6.4 0.8 1. Def.24 116.0 3.84 25.41 115.67 12.84 14.4 1.1 1.0 6.0 1.42 23. ft Spacing l.8 0.25 48.3 0.21 161.01 4.84 12. in.34 8.5 0.8 0.8 1.9 0.4 1.5 0.1 0.3 0.. wg in.8 0.4 0.25 27.42 36.9 0.84 25.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.50 2. The adjacent column to the rigth (labled Def.00 2.5 0.34 4.4 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.7 0.8 1.67 8.50 11.84 19.0 0..01 20.0 2.6 1.67 57.84 4.0 2.4 0.80 1.1 1.9 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.0 6.9 1.01 16.8 0.4 0.0 8.40 2.50 39.50 17.6 1.67 57.5 0.50 11.7 0.15 4..90 3.3 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr. Def.3 1.34 77.01 16.0 0.34 20.3−3A.41 115.7 0.67 7.4 0.5 0. in.7 0.1 1.42 54.5 0.4 0.19 282.68 3.50 9.9 0.8 1.42 36. in.4 0.67 10..0 3.34 20.2 0.9 0.1 0..01 5.50 55.0 12.40 0..8 0.7 0.34 8.25 18.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.6 1.50 0.67 18. Pr.34 77.3 1.10 1.7 0.0 2.8 0.5 0.8 0.01 11.01 5.5 0.8 0.84 10.68 4. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 3505F .9 0.50 27. in.4 0..68 6. Pr.9 0. Pr. 0.67 18.0 1.68 10.50 88.0 0.0 7.34 16.2400 0.68 15.68 3.0 0.67 12.00 1.42 10.25 22.0 8.50 39.5 0.9 0.84 5.3 1.34 54.1265 0.84 14. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.19 282. Pr.1 1.4 0.0 NA NA 2.4 0.50 9.1775 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.8 1.01 15.8 1.50 9.34 32.1 0.25 27.67 12.9 0.9 1.000 psi or higher.4 0.34 16.6 0.34 20.5 0. in.1 1.19 282. in.8 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.9 0. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.68 8.25 22.34 3.0 0.3 0.84 6.1 1.84 20.4 1.1 0.50 17.67 6.0 0.42 10.42 12.4 0.32 101.34 13.7 0.84 39. and are based on a yield strength Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition of 50.67 26.5 0.3 1. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.42 6..0 0.34 20.6 1.21 161.67 7.50 27.5 1.9 0.4900 Weight.34 13. wg in. c.3020 0. wg in. in.25 10.15 4..8 1.30 166.01 4.25 82.2 0.1 0.50 8.0428 0. Pr.4 0.25 10. wg in.0677 0.4 0..01 4. Def.7 0.8 0.3 0.0 1.2 0.25 5.1 1.5 0..42 12.7 0. in.5 0. Def.67 3.34 19.34 16.6 1.0 3.83 STRUCTURAL GR.84 39.0 4.9 0.0 7. Def.68 15.68 10.42 12.7 0.1 0.42 14.34 19.47 Than 8.50 8.9 1.7 0.68 6.25 5.84 4.42 6.6 0.8 0.01 4.34 8.01 11.8 1.8 0.42 14.15 4.25 18. Def.67 34.8 1.32 101.32 101.67 34.4 0.0 6.2 1.42 23. ft in. in.68 8.84 10.0 NA 2.25 27.6 0.84 14.8 0.67 34.47 8.67 8.84 5. Def. 6.25 48.8 0.2 0.21 161.4 0.4 1.0966 0. wg 0.0 7.0 6.50 17.8 0. Def.67 7.34 77.1116 0.67 Up To Up T 10. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.50 27.0 0.9 1.5 0. Def.34 11.4 0.67 10.50 39.50 5. wg in.0 2.. wg in.34 32. 3.84 4.68 Table 6.9 1.0 NA NA 2.0538 0. Pr.34 19.0 2.3 0.42 74.84 19.3 0.3 0.68 3.36 6.8 0.68 2.1 0.1 0.50 88.0 4.2 0.68 6.68 10.9 0.3 0.42 74. wg in. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.5 0.01 30.67 26.84 5.1 0.01 30.0 1.25 10.42 36. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.1 0.8 0.47 8.0 1.5 = 29.7 0.0 NA NA 3.8 1.24 116.25 82.60 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.42 74.0 NA NA 3.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel.6 1.3 0.0 NA 2.50 5.4 0.68 8.68 3.9 0.. in.9 0.7 0.2 0..4 0.5 0.7 0.42 54.84 3.9 0.0 4.67 8.01 15.2 0.34 32.68 4. Pr.68 4.67 6.1 0.4 0.34 13. wg in.8 0.2 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.50 55..01 8.0 NA NA 2.50 55.2 1.9 0..1 0..42 10.67 6.3 0.5 0.1 0.6 1.8 0.9 1.25 18.8 1. Def.4 0.25 82.34 13.84 10. in.3 0.68 3. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.0 1.8 0.5 0. Pr.2 0..3 0.4 0.3 1.4 0.68 22.42 14.50 11. wg in.30 166.68 2.0 0.2 0.5 0.67 57.0 0..34 13.1 1.50 88.2 0. in.01 8. wg in.1 0.0 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.84 3.30 166.0 2.9 0.2 0. Def.5 1.67 3.34 54. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).41 115.34 6.84 12.84 6.3 0.25 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS Larger 5.34 4.34 3...4 0.8 0.84 25.3650 0.67 26.9 1.34 8.34 6.2 0.350 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).8 0.5 0.7 0. Pr.68 2.50 8. wg in.24 116.3 0.

25 43.9 0.08 101.19 271.7 0.4 0.7 0.84 24.2 0.3 0.40 0.17 46.4 0.42 51.16 141.07 265.50 8.4 0.34 29.34 29.13 220.6 0.0 0.07 315.84 4.84 38.34 31.7 0.4 0.9 0.1 0.4 0..2 0.0677 0. in.7 0.1 0.19 271.36 40 4. Def.24 172.3 0. in.67 7.2 0. wg in.7 0.6 0.8 0. wg in.11 389.4 0.6 0.25 77.17 84.1 0.75 8. 0.30 160.8 0.5 0.6 0. Pr.15 4.42 71.42 8.17 84.1 0.0 14.84 24.50 2.7 0.25 15.7 0.5 0.5 0.0 8.25 19.09 601.42 8.4 0.3 0.5 0.6 0. 0.07 134.55 2.75 15.0 4.63 7.42 34.0 4.7 0.16 146.4900 Weight.34 73..7 0 0.4 0..3 0.20 259.67 17.7 0.4 0.10 1. Def.67 10.9 0.34 17.1 0.2 0.13 577.9 0.42 12.07 3.84 Thickness. wg in.07 912.2400 0.7 0.17 74.1 0.6 0.1 0.42 34.3 0.0 5.2 0. Pr.02 5 2422.63 31.4 0.04 2. Pr. in.75 12.9 0.2 0.8 0.0 0.25 43. Def.5 0.17 184.75 6.1 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.67 5.67 106.9 0. 1.6 0.02 1.34 17.42 102.15 4.4 0.00 2.84 9.07 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS 3.13 220.8 0. Def.6 0.0 14.50 16..25 77.34 14.2 0.9 0.06 1704.8 0.03 1415.1 0.2 0.33 97.05 517.17 84.5 0.84 18.2 0.4 0..5 0.7 0.34 50.42 51.31 6.4 0.1 0.0 6.4 0.9 0.67 33.63 86.75 2.42 21.1 0.1 0.11 324.42 10.5 0. 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.17 46.50 8.50 85.22 153.15 3..6 0.6 0.50 37. in.41 125.34 11.17 35.03 1036.7 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.0 14.67 11.50 8. Pr.3 0.24 110.38 46.2 0.4 0. STRUCTURAL GR.19 271.3 0.0 5.25 19.84 5.4 0.42 34.25 19.4 0.2 0.34 29.25 43.6 0.75 52.5 0.42 71.17 27.7 0.0 30.50 99.24 5.1 0.09 601.67 6.17 27.0 0.84 4.0 2.50 25.3 0. 0.0 0..4 0.3 0.12 4.11 324.50 7.50 25.2 0.25 77. 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.0 6.17 Unstiffened NA 4.2 0.09 727.1 0.30 160.1265 0.17 27. Pr.4 0.42 21.34 14.66 10.5 0..33 97.2 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.67 55.50 52.50 7.6 0.4 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.53 144.50 7.7 0.25 77.3 0.7 0. Pr.19 323.36 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 6.1 0.34 151.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.42 10.1 0.8 0.22 166.9 0.1 0.25 23.50 10.9 6 0.67 5.75 6.2 0.8 0.2 0.42 10.9 0.50 10.13 44.17 35.50 16.34 17.2 0.75 Table 6.42 57.8 0.50 53.50 189.9 0.0 6.8 0.5 0.84 4.0 0. Def.8 0.05 625.3 0.4 0.0 5.11 324.67 11.06 2. 7 0.3 0.3 0.40 2.7 0. in.2 0.4 0.15 4.38 27.9 0.50 119.2 0.9 0.4 0.75 24..47 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.8 0.17 46.2 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 3505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.2 0.4 0.4 0.84 42.09 606..34 14.0 2.3 0.41 201.41 217.6 0.0 8.0 8.30 176.0 14.42 21.0 8.34 29.07 3.0 30.8 0.9 0.0 0.42 21.8 0.0 0.67 7.25 15.0 8.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F .0 6.2 0.0 3.4 0.0428 0.9 0. wg 0.13 58.84 6.9 0.4 0.4 0. Pr.06 1. in.0 14.9 0.4 2 0.0 6.0 4.75 96.50 37.42 12.6 0. wg in.3 0. Def.9 0.1116 0.1 0.25 43.84 5.7 0.2 0.50 16.25 5. Def.1 0.6 0.50 8.17 84. wg in.3 0.2 0. Pr. wg in..17 35.4 0.07 3.4 0.02 2.42 34.84 104.5 0.25 5.5 0.9 0.34 11.3650 0.8 0.17 46.28 228.0 6.13 220.4 0.75 180.6 0..80 1.08 1623.22 153.0 4.84 9.2 0.4 0.9 0.16 141.11 324.30 225.9 0.16 141.84 24.50 7.8 0.67 24.08 77.42 12.42 71.4 0.67 42.42 10.6 0.9 0.. 0 0.6 0. wg in.24 1.4 0. in.4 0.4 0.24 110.75 78.17 27.84 13.84 13.5 0.04 Unstiffened 8.7 0. Pr.6 0.4 0..50 37.09 601.3 0.34 14.50 16.4 0.84 5. in.3 0.75 30.33 97.33 405.34 17.3 0. 0.50 25.50 10..4 0.6 0.3 0.7 0. W.34 50.9 0.42 8.8 0.41 111.6 0.25 23.42 8..23 426.4 0.2 0.1 0.16 141.22 153.2 0.25 5.42 51.17 84.0 2.5 0.7 0.42 12.3 0.6 0.34 11.34 50.1 0.. Def.67 17.6 0.50 52.05 1072.50 25.67 6.0 3.6 0.4 0.5 0.50 10.0 0.4 0.4 0.75 32..34 73.1 0.7 0.25 23.9 0.9 0.75 2.9 0.84 6.3 0.08 101.3 0.6 0.24 110.17 27.5 0.3−4A.4 0.17 27.5 0.13 71.6 0..0538 0.3 0.0 0.24 110.03 1293.0 0.17 35.33 109.07 572.25 43.9 0.25 19. Pr.6 0..5 0.77 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.6 0.9 0.84 9.63 11. wg in.34 11.84 13.9 0.8 0.3020 0.13 259.25 97.5 0. wg in.34 73.32 74.60 0.0 0.0 0.1775 0.08 382.25 23.7 0. Def.2 0.9 0.25 15.50 52.36 60 6.84 6.25 15.75 16.4 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.47 8.7 0.90 3.8 0 0.10 869. in.0 4.1 0.07 129.50 85.34 86.8 0.08 77.13 220..9 0.67 24.3 0.34 11.17 46.1 0.4 0. wg in.2 0.8 0.34 17.0 0.7 0.17 46.4 0. 0.02 2911.37 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3.5 21.0 5.1 0.0 14.2 0.25 19.7 0.34 73. in.0 0.34 50. in.25 23.0 2.7 0.3 0.00 1.34 14.3 0.0 3.47 10. Def.2 0.4 2 0.1 0.13 366.0 5.8 0.09 601.10 235.0 6.. in.28 176. ft Spacing l.8 0.6 0.8 0.12 129.8 0.9 0.6 0.84 55.8 0.75 7.50 0.6 0. Def.0966 0. ft in.17 35.19 348.8 0.84 18.41 111.04 857.2 0.8 0. wg in.5 0.25 15.1 0.16 483.84 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.5 0.

5 0.34 8.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.4 1.0 6...68 4.0 3.0 1.1116 0.50 16. Def.47 8.42 8.34 73.3 1.2400 0.33 97.7 0..8 0.8 0.34 20.5 0.34 11.01 29.50 0.0 2.10 1.2 0.25 43. ft Spacing l.5 0.67 55.5 0.2 0.19 271.5 0. Def.0 6.1 0. in.24 110.15 4.50 8.15 4.34 3.84 5.67 11.50 8.7 0.67 33.3 1. These deflection values are relative and approximate.3 0..0538 0.42 34.25 Larger 5.68 8.2 0.84 18. Pr.7 1.47 8.0 3.50 25. 6.7 0.84 9. in.34 73.0 6.1 1.84 6.9 0..68 21.50 85.25 19.40 2.34 3.6 0.1 1.6 0.84 5.5 0.68 6. wg in.34 19.84 6.0 4.60 0.6 0.8 0.34 29.34 14.4 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 4 Good to: 3505F .01 19. W.7 0.84 4. Def. ft in.0 1.67 17.30 160..4 0.67 33.5 0. in.84 13.8 0.1 0.25 23. wg in.7 0.3 1.01 16.4 0.67 24.50 52. c..9 0.4 0.34 17.4 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.7 0..0 8.1 1.50 37.68 10.0 1. Pr.42 10. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.42 51.84 12.4 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.5 1.7 0.0 NA 2.7 0.50 10.7 0.8 0.33 97. wg in.22 153.3 0.0 8.9 0.19 271.25 77.2 0.8 0..42 34.47 BE USED IN CLASS 4 SYSTEMS Than 8.67 7.5 1.34 29.5 1.1 0.19 271.67 17. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.1 0.8 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.1 0.90 3. Pr.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 6. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.9 0.9 0.1 0.0 2.3 1. in. wg in.6 0.68 2.84 5.2 0. in.3650 0.4 0.4 1.15 4.50 25.0966 0.6 0.25 23.5 1. wg in..01 3.4 0.25 19.42 21. Pr.0 1.67 24.8 0.36 6.84 38.0 1.4 1.0 5.84 24.34 50..50 85..0 NA 2.25 15.8 0.2 0.3 0. Def.25 23.2 0.84 13.42 71. Pr.25 5.67 10.34 13. wg in. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.9 0.2 1.7 1.0 NA 2.7 0.0 3.67 10.34 11.1 0.01 4.50 2. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.8 0.84 18.9 0.6 1.34 8.6 0.01 11.0 4.34 3.9 0.34 3.34 17.2 0.5 1. in.67 6.01 5.4 0.6 0.80 1.0 5.33 97.9 0.68 6.3 0.3 0.1 1. 0.2 0.6 1.42 8.3 0. Def.68 15.34 11.68 3.25 43. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.01 16 AND 18 GAGES ARE NOT PERMITTED TO 12.24 110.50 10.50 85.8 0.6 0.0 NA 2.34 13.42 12.30 160.84 12.67 7.6 0.68 10.25 5.67 6. wg in.1 1.67 17.5 = 29. in.34 17.01 15. Def.3 0.4 0.7 0. Def.68 3.68 4.01 3.6 0.42 12.50 25. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.4 0.50 37.68 10. Def.9 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.50 16.84 20.8 0.7 0.4 1.350 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).6 1.5 0.50 37.6 0.40 0. Def.2 1..3 0.68 3.6 1.2 0. in.4 0.6 1..0 8.36 7.00 1.4 0.50 52. Pr. Pr.4 0.4 0.84 9.84 4..2 0.42 34.22 153.0677 0.2 0.68 Table 6.7 1.5 0.6 0.41 111.3020 0.34 14.4 0. wg 0.7 0.1 1..68 3.42 21.2 0.30 160.6 0.4 0.1 1.6 0.9 0. in.0 4. wg in.4 0.25 15.68 15.0428 0.0 8.6 0..68 2. The adjacent column to the rigth (labled Def..0 2. in.50 10.68 8.36 6.42 51.34 10.7 0.0 8.2 0.24 110.42 10. Pr.8 1.34 73.5 1.25 77.01 19.1265 0.7 1.84 24.6 0.2 1.67 5.3 0.4 0.3 1.9 0.84 24.01 15.3 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.84 38.0 1.6 0.42 12.50 8.4 0.8 0.50 16. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.34 50.68 6.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.6 0. wg in.1775 0.68 8.50 7.8 0.6 0.84 4.68 3.4 1.0 NA 2.67 55.4 0.25 19.0 2..42 51.34 20.1 0.2 0.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel...50 7.00 2. Def.01 11.3 0. in.3 0. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.8 1.42 71.7 1.5 0.67 5.01 4.34 29.6 0.4 0. wg in.01 7.01 5.9 0. 3.2 0.5 0.1 1.4 0.67 5.84 18.000 psi or higher.8 0.4 0.67 24.84 13.3−4A.0 5.25 43.34 5.67 11.2 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 4 Systems Operating at Up to 3505F (continued) a.7 0.01 7.42 10.41 111.7 1..84 6.67 6.1 1.5 1.3 1.34 50. and are based on a yield strength Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition of 50.6 1.67 55.67 33.5 1.68 4.2 1.5 1. Pr.3 0.50 7.25 15. Pr.6 1.42 8.0 1.50 52. wg in.6 0. b.6 0.22 153.4 0.67 Up To Up T 10.84 38.34 19.3 0.8 0.6 1.67 11.34 10.1 0.34 14.2 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out).6 1.5 0.0 16.3 0. in.84 9.3 0.67 7.42 21.01 29.5 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.42 71.41 111.0 2. Def.4 1.25 77.5 0.68 2.34 5.4900 Weight.85 STRUCTURAL GR.

19 140.6 0.15 82.0 0.1 0.17 17.1 0.4 0.1775 0.1 0.67 34.08 94.05 976.2 0.26 76.67 27.2 0.26 142..84 10.16 51.1 0.41 48.25 10. Pr.39 101.17 23. Def.9 0.0 0. in.42 6.6 0.55 10.41 48.2 0.3 0.7 0.34 18.75 2.75 Table 6.49 54.6 0.3 0.8 0.34 21.13 4.75 31.25 30.42 13.50 6.3 0.84 7. wg in.0 0..5 0.34 10.0 3.1 0.42 11.3 0.42 7. Pr.24 70.0 6.8 0.4 0.50 4.7 0.33 47.25 50.33 204. wg in.7 0.1 0.67 7.50 38.25 25.42 7.1 0.7 0.17 36.3 0.02 1 2206.50 18.42 13.03 921. 1.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr. Def.75 6.7 0. 0.0 7.0 4. 0.9 0.3 0.0538 0.84 14.2 0.9 0.0 0.37 100.20 5.2 0.67 6.11 76.0966 0.50 2.50 4. Def.75 34.9 0.0 0.1 0.50 9.84 6.17 17.50 9.5 0.0 7.1 0.0 4.. wg in. wg in.31 65.3 0.5 0. STRUCTURAL GR.34 15.9 0..3 0.2 0.3 0.9 0. in. in.49 95. Def.1 0.06 3.16 51.42 140.25 30.67 9..75 3.22 215.21 108.17 54.8 0. Def..25 10.4 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.04 525.50 10.3 0.34 10. wg in.3−1A.84 10.9 0.2 0.34 33.2 0.2 0.13 25.39 62.08 55.84 14.16 80.0 0.50 12.7 0. in.5 0.75 4.0 2.13 137. ft Spacing l.2 0.2 0.0 0.84 10.84 3.25 46.16 244.09 304.0 4.8 0.1 0..1 0.50 9.42 36.2 0.32 40 4.4 0.0 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.50 4.75 2.16 51.2 0.11 210.84 19.8 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.67 7.7 0.07 1477.2 0.9 0.7 0.13 440.1 0.3 0.08 547.82 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.6 0.42 6.2 0.0 2.0 0.14 354.9 0.2400 0.3 0.20 167.21 101.13 33.9 0.6 0. Pr.6 0. in.67 3.63 13.34 33.8 0.08 547.42 24.2 0. Pr.3 0.21 101.34 10.0 6.42 6.1 0.34 15. Pr.06 860.5 0.1 0.9 0.17 36.6 0.16 244.04 635.13 137.38 23.3 0.7 0.42 13.2 0.1 0.09 304..4 0.84 5.9 0.56 88.62 164.2 0.3 0.20 193.50 10.67 4. Def.90 3.15 82.3650 0.67 13. in.6 0..67 26.65 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 4..34 10.34 15.41 63.6 0.17 23.02 1469.17 17.8 0.2 0.8 0.17 17.05 1.25 13.25 10.75 62.6 0.3 0. Pr.0 0. wg in.00 1.9 0.42 7.0 6.7 0.9 0.0 0.42 172.17 17.62 10.9 0.2 0. Def. wg 0.2 0.47 72.42 24. in.0677 0.1265 0.03 Unstiffened 7. Def.6 0.2 0.6 0.39 62.25 25.5 19.42 13..9 0.25 13.84 94.2 0. Def.13 203.0 4.84 7.05 347.2 0.01 1.0 0. wg in.33 47. Pr.84 14.84 3.16 294.46 2.2 0.9 0.22 5.0 3.25 13.8 0.6 0.25 20..6 0.2 0.25 10.3 0.63 43. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.8 0.39 62.84 6.0 0.3 0.40 2.24 105.0 0.0 13.07 588.25 20.0 6.8 0.34 15.33 47.7 0.03 833.06 169.0 0.0 6.0 0.42 7.42 11.2 0.8 0.9 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.13 52.0 0.16 244.08 55.29 86.7 0.9 0.1 0.37 121.9 0.08 40.02 2.2 0.3 0.6 0.4 0..5 0.06 150. Def.31 65.6 0.1 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.50 18.34 21.7 0.25 25.2 0.50 28..07 369.0 7.06 3.4 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.7 0. wg in.3 0.24 70.5 0.9 0.80 1.34 15.08 547.34 7.4 0.34 43.75 14.0 0.50 28.25 30.0 7.42 15.27 369.17 36.5 0.2 0.50 28.22 98.4 0.3 0.02 2649.2 0.11 210.1116 0.75 85.0 0.3 0.0 2.63 19..2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.9 0.50 12.3 0.17 36.0 0.8 0.11 251.7 0.6 0.09 367.02 1220.08 819.67 19.2 0.84 7.67 6.6 0.10 4.19 140.4900 Weight.34 33.4 0. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.11 210.13 158.6 0.3 0.4 0.50 6.75 19.5 0.0 0.26 6.. in. Pr.06 3.29 86.7 0.0 0. 3 0.34 33.9 0.24 70.2 0.5 0.34 10.34 7.34 18.2 0.22 5.84 48.1 0.4 0.26 165.9 0.19 140.84 25.84 5.0 0. wg in.84 3.84 6.40 0.75 8.4 0.0 0.82 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.0428 0.0 0.12 3.84 19.0 7.5 0.25 25.7 0.0 0.9 0.3 1 0.3 0.7 0.19 160.7 0.50 4.0 0.32 6.08 94.5 0.3 0.2 0.42 6. in.49 48.47 110.6 0.09 304.2 0.3 0.7 0.16 43.42 36.1 0.34 21. in.15 82.3 0. Def.42 15.1 0.67 19.25 30.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.50 18.8 0.03 2.3 0..17 23.8 0.8 0.3 0.42 11.2 9 0.3 0.9 0.60 0.16 43.42 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.6 0.0 28.05 2.0 13.22 5.4 0.09 304.5 0.42 24.05 288.12 63.25 46.42 36.25 30.16 51. Pr.1 0.67 48.28 147.7 0.29 108.26 142.3 0.4 0.11 210.6 0.50 0.0 3.9 0.6 0.0 5.6 0.42 24.17 23.6 0. ft in.50 38.16 244.84 3.1 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.25 13.34 7.8 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0..38 14.2 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.84 3.06 137.1 0.25 20.2 0.50 12.35 182.4 0.0 4.84 25.0 6.84 27.31 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.0 2.21 101.4 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.75 16.34 21.8 0.50 9.9 0.47 79.0 0.9 0.13 137..0 6.9 0.05 1550.0 2.17 23.5 0.4 0.16 51.8 0.5 0. 0.86 Thickness.42 10.34 7.1 0.0 13.6 0.1 0.67 4. 0.3 0.0 0.67 13.9 0.9 0. wg in.34 18.42 11.6 0.0 13.67 49.2 0.0 0.75 12. W.50 12.08 40.3020 0.6 0.3 0.26 205.0 0.2 0.05 540.1 0.50 18.37 96.5 0.25 46.2 0.2 0.08 235.7 0.50 6.2 0.84 58.7 0.50 32.10 371.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0. 0 0.06 120.2 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.37 54.5 0.29 86.42 15.10 561.10 1.15 82.0 13.9 0.3 0.10 133.3 0.34 7..0 13.24 70.9 0.74 91.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 0. Pr.1 0.50 63.2 0.0 0.40 8.13 4.3 0.0 28.5 0.67 96.33 93.9 0.1 0.19 387.25 25.5 8 0.1 0.50 6.20 1.50 10.25 20.42 36.5 0.0 0.67 9.15 82.13 137.6 0.3 0.0 0.49 48.9 0.13 4.4 0.7 0.75 10.14 Unstiffened NA NA 3..0 3.17 36.7 0.25 20.0 3.17 17.25 10.16 43.8 0.75 35.33 47.5 0.63 8.07 662.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .1 0.9 0.6 0. in.16 43.00 2.25 46.84 5.1 0.8 0..4 0.67 3.17 23.08 547.84 37.31 68.5 0.7 0.50 38.9 0.16 43.32 60 6.25 13.6 0. wg in.1 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.84 3. in.31 65.5 0.3 0.0 0.34 18.06 3.3 0.42 15.6 0.34 18.50 10.34 21.15 103.41 48.

84 6.3 1.2 0.0 0. These deflection values are relative and approximate.1 0.3 0. wg in.34 10. The adjacent column to the rigth (labled Def.0 2.7 1.2 1. wg in.84 6.01 5.42 36.0 2.7 0.33 47.2 0.67 19.50 4.3 1.5 0.0 NA NA NA 2.8 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.50 18.5 1.50 28.42 15.8 0.4 0.84 5.0 3.01 29. 3.49 48.4 0.9 1.9 0.34 21..68 10.3 1.5 0.2 0.84 37. in.40 0.000 psi or higher.9 0.3 0.0 0.8 0.68 3.84 10. Pr. Def.2 0.1 0.0 8. in.50 6.22 5..9 0.01 29.0 NA 2.67 26.84 10.0 6..34 6.0538 0.2 0. Pr..4 0.8 1.0 NA NA NA 2. in.42 36.4 0.1 0.6 1. in.8 1.9 0..68 23. Pr.67 6.0 7.7 0. c.6 1.29 86.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.68 8.2 0.42 6.3 1.0 2. Def.0 6.7 0.68 4.01 11.50 10.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.25 46.7 0.19 140.5 1.0 0.84 14.5 1. wg in.0 2.34 3.7 0. Def.9 0.0 6.2 1. Pr.34 8.84 5.1 0.34 3..67 7..01 4. in. wg in.67 4.67 9.0 0.6 0.0 6.67 49. ft Spacing l. wg 0.2 0.2 0. Pr. in.50 9.84 37.90 3.34 7.5 0.49 48.1 1. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.2 0..9 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.67 19.3−1A.50 9.2 0.6 0.68 Table 6. wg in.0 0.7 0.42 24.2 0.0 4.50 12.7 0.25 13.34 6. in.2 0.9 1.6 1.1 0.2 0.68 3.2 0.50 18.39 62. in.6 0.2 0.68 3.5 1.3 0.67 9.9 0.84 3.01 5.42 13.3 0.25 20. wg in.16 244.0 0.13 4.9 0. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.1 0.9 0.67 4.6 0.34 10.67 34.68 15.6 0. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.7 0.00 2.3650 0.16 244.2 0.42 8.34 13.13 4.84 3.01 3.34 3.82 12.0 NA 2.67 6.8 1. in.8 1.6 1. in.0 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.50 9.34 10.7 0.34 33.34 33.2 0.34 13.9 0.4 0.34 15. Def.42 15.5 0.34 7.84 14. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 1 Good to: 6505F .68 10.1 0.26 142.39 62.16 244.0 7.34 19.34 20.62 Up To Up T 10. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.84 3.2 0.1 0. ft in.2 0..47 72.42 Than 8.33 47. Pr.2 1.68 3.67 34.50 38.33 47.2 0. 6.84 7. Pr.34 3.. b.4 0.34 4.5 0.9 0.0 0.34 33.68 4.80 1.4900 Weight.9 0.2 0.68 6.8 1.84 19.7 0.1 0.34 21.2 1.0 0.31 65.34 4.84 6.0 NA NA NA 2.01 15. Def.8 0.67 13. wg in.1 0.1 0. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section.9 0.5 1.67 7.50 10. in.50 2.67 19.34 10.68 4.42 36.2 0.42 13.9 1.50 18..8 0. Pr.4 0.7 0.19 140.9 1.4 0.37 96.0 0.0 0.1775 0.350 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).67 6.67 26.34 15.01 8.42 11.0 0.3 0.1265 0.41 48.0 3.2 0.8 0.0 0.50 10.1 1.9 0.25 10.3 0.26 142.7 0.1 0.3 1. wg in. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).4 0.68 6.26 142.25 20.67 9.7 0.0 0.9 0.25 46.01 5.0 0.6 0.01 16.0428 0.2 0.50 38.3 0..84 3. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.21 101.50 12.60 0.1116 0.7 0.0 0.. Def.2 0.84 14.37 96.5 1.0 NA NA 2.31 65.2 0.42 24.01 8.0 0.9 0.1 1.7 1.4 0.87 STRUCTURAL GR.34 18.3 0. Def.68 10.68 3.4 0.68 15.25 30.67 3.68 3.3 0.2400 0.2 0.5 = 24.42 7.67 4.4 0.41 48.8 1.1 1.84 3.0 0.6 0.34 18.84 3.42 24.0 0.37 96.0 NA NA 2.2 0.7 0.0 0.50 12.34 15.0 0.62 10.6 0.0 0. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application. in.5 1.68 8.25 25.6 1.67 7.0 8.5 1.1 0.21 101.2 0.50 28. W.25 10.34 7.8 0..47 72.25 46.42 7.9 0.6 1.5 1.67 3..2 0.0 0..8 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.7 1.01 16.84 25.8 1.0 0.50 6.0 4.0 0.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 1 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: a.34 19...6 1.3 0.2 0.29 86.42 15.6 1.0 3.2 0.25 30.25 10.42 7.7 1.3 0.9 0.25 13.0 0..0677 0.9 0.42 6.01 5.68 3.84 25. Def.50 38. wg in.7 0.47 72.1 0.5 0.42 11.34 18.68 8.82 12.10 1.6 1.25 25.5 1.9 1.41 48.5 1.67 13.5 1.21 101. Def.8 0.0 12.0 0.01 11.9 0.3 1.3 0.0966 0.0 2. Pr..34 8.2 0. Def.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.50 4.84 5.6 1.42 13.25 20.24 70.0 2.40 2.84 7.9 0.1 0.4 0.32 7.1 1.2 0.5 0.84 19.29 86.68 3.13 4. wg in.1 0. Def.6 0.5 0.42 6.00 1.25 30.19 140.4 0.0 4.25 13.7 1.01 3.68 6.3 1.82 20.24 70.34 10.6 1.9 0.01 4. 0.84 10.50 4.2 0. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.01 15.1 0.6 1.2 0.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel.67 13.0 0.3 0.39 62.67 3.7 0.5 0.3 0.6 0. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications. wg in.84 19.1 0.6 0.84 7. Pr..2 0.32 6.62 10.9 0.0 7.34 21.24 70.50 0..67 49.3 0.0 0. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.42 8.67 26.32 6.6 0.50 28.0 0.0 0.01 19.34 20.01 19.25 25.42 11.67 34. and are based on a yield strength of 50.7 0.22 Larger 5.31 65.84 37.8 0.67 49.50 6.8 0.84 25.9 0.49 48.3020 0.22 5.

wg 0.0 0.25 19.2 0.4 0.34 9.6 0.84 3.25 11.50 27.34 16.9 0.8 0.05 1512.0 2.3 0.27 139..6 0. in.25 23.0 0.67 46.25 11.84 5.12 59.17 40.06 269.21 97.0 6.84 18.8 0.50 17.2 0.2 0.0 0.50 5.46 2.3 0.4 0.67 3.1 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.32 60 6.04 604.13 30.75 2.0 0.2 0.4 0.17 15.1116 0.67 25. Def.34 14.07 1441.7 0.34 46.25 8.25 8.50 4.4 0.32 6.0 6.67 25.19 136.0 6.13 22.36 178.08 534.0428 0.75 7. wg in.14 131.1 0.42 5.84 5..3 0.0 5.17 33.9 0.3 0. Def.7 0.3 0.63 160.1 0.84 3.67 7.06 138.05 522.38 20.7 0.1 0.5 0.14 131.5 0.2 0.17 20.2 0. wg in.24 68.50 2.67 33.34 20.7 0.0 0.21 97.6 0.40 0.50 8.5 0.38 48. Pr.63 17..0 3.67 6.7 0.0 6.16 78.0 0.84 92.50 5.04 499.2 0.49 92..67 8.50 10.16 78.5 0.34 20.9 0.9 0.8 0.63 10.5 0.2 0.10 353.75 59. wg in.7 0.1 0.34 31.17 15.2 0.08 87.3 0.0 4.1 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.19 136.32 63.2 0.0 0.16 93.0 0..02 2584.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.49 47.9 0.9 0.09 294.17 239.6 0.25 28.47 76.1 0.6 0.2 0.14 429.24 68.19 158.2 0..34 14.9 0.50 17.9 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.84 56.9 0.07 355.6 0.50 8.6 0...43 134.11 539.1 0..7 0.25 8.7 0.50 27.0 0. wg in.67 8.34 198.41 46.42 35.84 25.6 0.29 84.75 88.1265 0.16 48. in.7 0.50 5.3 0.21 101.2 0.16 48.5 0.16 48.0 11.25 28.3 0.22 5.42 12..34 16.05 2.0 5.84 5.7 0.75 6.2 0.25 19.84 46.50 11.0 2.13 48.80 1.7 0.42 5.41 46.9 0.9 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.60 0. Def.0538 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.24 68.84 5.1 0.67 4.41 46.2 0.0 11.9 0.17 20.25 23.1 0. wg in.4 0. in.25 23.7 0.3 0.21 5.34 9.1 0.5 0.0 0.24 89.13 4.50 17.9 0.50 8.84 24.9 0. Pr.42 23.8 0.3 0.84 18.0 4.2 0.9 0.6 0.0 5.42 10..0966 0.3650 0.50 30.67 48.84 2..17 33. wg in.75 13.42 35. in.1 0.9 0.0 11.28 68.0 0.82 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3..7 0.39 60.3 0.14 Unstiffened NA NA 2.4 0.10 4.84 14. W. wg in.7 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.05 324.13 4.8 0.05 952.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.24 100.4 0.17 40.8 0.7 0.34 16.5 0.3 0.08 534.3 0.9 0.17 20.2 0.0 3.3 0.84 3.12 3.3 0.6 0.5 0.17 40.06 832.5 0.34 31.03 2.7 0.0 11.17 239.0 0.08 534.75 11.50 27. 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.41 60.50 11.3 0.3 0.34 9.75 18.9 0.42 10.32 63.7 0.6 0.3 0.0 5.5 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.84 36.4 0.11 125.23 208.3 0.9 0.2 0. Pr..0 4.04 Unstiffened 4.1 0.3 0.17 20.4 0.19 136.34 7.17 33.3 0.07 109.9 0. in.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.42 10.0 2. Pr.6 0.3 0.0 3.84 14.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.34 88.17 15.1 0.37 97.34 20.21 97.08 85.67 18.37 94.0 4.84 9.75 16.08 534. Pr.42 14. Pr.9 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.42 5.1775 0.0 0.5 0.50 11. in.0 0.0 0.90 3.11 202.1 0.0 0.2 0.84 6.3 0.02 2.2 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.50 4.3 0. in.15 336.4 0.17 20.6 0.00 1.7 0.7 0.0 0.84 2.88 Thickness.0677 0.3−2A.0 2.47 107. in..1 0.11 202.1 0.7 0.0 3.84 24.2 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.25 11.2 0.6 0.4 0..2 0.25 28.3 0.0 0. wg in.5 16.6 0. in.16 48.50 8.5 0.2 0.17 71.5 0.3 0.75 33.3 0.05 1.1 0.75 29. Def.4 0.0 0.49 51..3 0.21 160.6 0.4 0. Def.43 168.42 14.27 200.8 0.34 46.16 78.2 0.9 0.1 0.09 294.17 33.06 3.0 22.3020 0.32 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA 2.27 139.3 0.3 0.16 78.0 3.3 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.34 7.25 8.8 0.34 16.65 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.3 0.1 0.67 94.3 0.0 11.17 40.9 0.4 0.56 10.8 0.6 0. wg in.9 0.67 6.9 0.1 0. ft in.0 11.3 0.06 160.0 0.17 33.34 20.6 0.22 5.25 19.50 37.50 37.0 0..4 0.0 6.34 16.19 378.0 5.6 0.6 0.67 7.1 0.9 0.. in.0 0.9 0.1 0.0 0. in.0 0.4 0.9 0.06 3.6 0.09 294.9 0.0 0.84 2.42 5.42 7.01 1.34 9.1 0.82 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.6 0.0 0.75 Table 6.75 81.1 0.17 15.25 19.40 8.03 867.0 0.0 0.42 35.0 0.16 48.25 23.5 0.8 0.07 646.0 0.2400 0.25 19.2 0.27 6.50 11.7 0.0 0.75 2.3 0.67 3.8 0.34 14.0 0.3 0.3 0.08 49.0 0.1 0.39 98.9 0.25 11.1 0.5 0. in.8 0.09 294.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .6 0.14 189.1 0.4 0.11 202.42 23.1 0.42 14. Def.11 202.9 0.3 0.0 2.42 23.29 84.17 20.34 14.84 5. Def.6 0.29 84.22 5.2 0.63 7.7 0.8 0.4900 Weight.25 28.17 48.1 0. wg in.0 0.1 0.29 141..5 0.0 5.5 0.7 0.0 0..4 0. Def. wg in.32 63.6 0.6 0. STRUCTURAL GR.6 0.0 0.84 6.3 0.02 2152.9 0.6 0.9 0.0 0.84 9.42 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8. Pr.7 0.27 161.25 23.1 0.7 0.08 792.25 44.17 40.42 7.25 45.50 17.42 14.34 31.8 0.1 0.47 71.34 7.07 565.84 6.3 0.29 107.50 4.3 0.5 0.67 18.9 0.42 23.21 180.5 0.14 131.3 0. Def.17 239.1 0.42 12.8 0. Pr.9 0.50 10.25 8.2 0.39 60.2 0.8 0. Def.32 40 4.2 0.8 0.34 31.0 0.06 3.67 4.9 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.25 28.5 0.11 241.7 0.50 0.0 0.34 7.84 9.42 12.9 0.63 40.2 0.. ft Spacing l.75 9.14 147.0 0.06 3.4 0.25 44.0 22.5 0.34 46.17 15.42 10.84 5.3 0.9 0.63 11.39 60.5 0.42 35.5 0.0 0.34 40.9 0.50 10.5 0.67 12.25 11.0 0.02 1421. 1.50 5.07 118.2 0.34 14.11 71.34 46.14 131. Pr.13 4.84 14.42 7.50 59.0 0.8 0.08 33.4 0.16 78.25 44.67 12.50 4.08 49.09 223.9 0.1 0.75 33.3 0.0 0.32 64.58 84.42 12.5 0.0 2. Def.40 2.42 7.21 1.7 0.8 0.4 0.10 1.28 360.50 10.0 0.4 0.16 236.17 287.34 20.2 0.24 68.6 0.0 0.08 33.0 0.75 4.1 0.0 6.0 4.25 44.50 37.38 10.09 355.17 15.34 7.1 0.3 0.00 2.1 0. Pr.4 0.2 0.7 0.42 10.34 9.3 0.1 0.3 0.49 47.02 1180.37 117.3 0.03 801.

in.1116 0.7 0.34 31.9 0.2 0.25 28.34 14.84 9.3020 0. Pr.01 4.42 7.0 8. wg in.5 0.4 0.67 7.7 0.6 1.3 1.34 9.. 0..3 0. Def..84 24.0 1. wg in.25 44. Pr.25 23.01 11.2 0.84 18.50 8. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application..84 9.4 1. Def.34 20.50 4. wg in..9 0. Def.68 8.2 0.01 29.1 1.4 1.3 0.6 0.42 5.5 0.19 136.0 NA 2.39 60.1 0.47 71. and are based on a yield strength of 50.5 0.9 0. wg) and represent the maximum allowable operating pressure to which that specific panel geometry may be subjected based on an allowable stress of ( f × Fy /1.5 1.0 0.34 13.0 0.27 139.42 5.1 0.5 0.24 68.1 0. wg in.5 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.39 60.9 0.68 3.34 20.0 8.22 5.8 1.0 6.67 8.25 11.34 7.34 5.67 3.50 11.13 4.68 4. wg in.40 0.6 0.3 0.3 1.5 1.8 0.5 0.50 17.9 0.37 94.2 1.0 0.32 63.3 0.00 1.50 4.0 NA 2.1 0.0 0. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct.8 0.6 0.6 0. in.01 4.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.24 68.01 19.0 2..6 0.4 1.2 0.9 0.01 4.5 0.9 0.34 20.0 0.0 2.84 36.34 3.84 24.25 8.3 0.5 1.7 0.6 1..3 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.32 6.67 48.3 0.41 46.1 0.3 0.3 0. Pr.0 0.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.0 0.9 1.0428 0.25 23.00 2. Pr. in. wg in.4 1.6 0.1 0.1 1.67 7.50 0.4 0.8 1.63 10.0 0.01 8.01 29.9 0.0 NA NA NA 2.50 10.000 psi or higher.68 Table 6.84 9.6 0.3 0.0 5..9 1.67 12. These deflection values are relative and approximate.37 94.6 0.42 7.84 14. wg 0.0 6.50 4.0 6.42 14.29 84. The left−hand column (labeled Pr.34 16.2 0.5 0.41 46.0 3.6 1.49 47.84 3.0 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.34 46.9 0.34 16.3 0.84 18.1 0.5 0.7 0.34 13. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.9 0. c.21 97.9 1.50 5.8 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.1 0.5 1.6 0.67 6. Def.27 139.6 0.8 0.8 1.25 28.29 84.01 4.3 1.6 0.8 1.3 0.0 0.84 36.84 5.68 10.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 2 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F (continued) NOTES: a.68 4.3 0.0 5.1 0.0 4.50 11.68 2. Def.9 0..29 84.42 35.0 1.5 = 24. wg in.3 0.0 0.6 1.84 2.0 12.67 48.9 0.68 2. W.4 0.9 0.67 6.3 0.67 3.0966 0. wg in.3 0.42 23.01 16..1 1.90 3.8 1.42 12.47 71.8 0..68 6.7 1.50 11. Def.34 3.2 1. Def.350 psi) and a panel deflection of (ȏ/145).0 6.9 1.84 6.2 1.32 6.42 23.0 2. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.9 0.5 0.3 0. in.21 97.2 0.4 1.19 136.42 12. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 2 Good to: 6505F . in.68 8.17 239.5 0.0 2.50 10.34 4.9 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.25 44. Pr.50 2.68 10.1 1. Def.0 4.3 0.4 1.25 19.42 8.37 94.6 0.84 5.9 0.34 31.42 12.5 0.42 8.22 5.01 2.4 1.2 0.41 46.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel.9 0.3 0.27 139.6 1.4 0.42 7.68 14.4 1.3−2A.39 60.3 1.0 3.25 8.50 10.0 NA NA NA 2.3 0.68 6..2 0.5 0.0 0.4900 Weight.0 0. ft Spacing l.5 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.3 1.50 8.49 47.67 7.50 5.0 0.50 5.67 33.84 3.17 239.2 0.67 33.34 9.0 0.1 0.01 16.0 NA NA 2. wg in.01 11.17 239.67 6.01 2.34 20.34 5.3 0.34 19.5 0.68 8.68 2.2 0.0 3.4 1.01 8.6 0.4 0.68 10..82 12.3 0.42 10. The adjacent column to the rigth (labled Def.21 97.9 1.1265 0.6 0.89 STRUCTURAL GR.4 0.68 3..6 0.. in..67 8.3 1.9 0.34 46.4 0.60 0.9 1.25 19.1 0.50 27.84 5.84 3.5 0.7 0.9 1.25 23.9 0.5 0.34 20.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.2 0.9 0.25 28.82 20.7 0. in.7 0.0 4.2 0.25 11.9 0. in.01 5.25 19.13 4.1 0.01 19.7 0. Pr.0 NA NA NA 2.50 17.0 0.67 18. in.3 0.34 7.1 1.34 16.50 37.68 3.2400 0.67 4.0 0.50 8.84 5. Labora- tory tests indicate that actual deflections are highly influenced by the aspect ration of the duct cross−section. in.32 63.67 8.84 6.84 2.9 0.42 10.9 0.34 19.34 4.42 14.24 68..13 4.1775 0.84 24..40 2.84 14.67 12. Pr.68 6.3 0.1 0.0 2.42 35.67 12. Pr.25 8.67 3.9 0.3 1.5 0. 3..7 1. Def.5 0.6 0.1 0.67 4.9 0.50 27.50 17.0 0.47 71.1 1.7 0. Pr.82 12. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.0 0.3650 0.0 0.5 0.68 3. Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition b.32 63.10 1.67 18.34 14. Def.32 7. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.84 5.0 0.0538 0. in.84 5.34 9.68 3.5 0.67 25.7 1.25 11.6 0.2 0. Pr.0 0.6 0.34 3.2 0.0 NA NA 2.42 35.2 0.34 31.34 46.1 1.3 1.6 0.67 18.9 0.84 6.0677 0.0 0. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction (in or out). wg in.3 0.5 1.50 37. 6.2 0.6 0.42 23.84 36.84 2.63 10.4 0.1 0.9 0. wg in.0 2..42 Than 8.34 8..3 0.2 0.42 5.50 37.8 0.67 25.9 0.34 14.5 0.3 1.67 33.63 Up To Up T 10.3 0.1 1.1 0.34 3.01 15.84 14.80 1.0 5.4 0.42 10.2 1.67 4.34 10. ft in.50 27.42 14.68 22.67 48.0 0.84 18.68 4.25 44.8 0.34 7. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.67 25.68 14.01 15.49 47. in. Def.22 Larger 5.01 5..6 0.7 0.3 0.2 1.19 136.34 10.34 8.2 0.

4 0.1 0.4 0.90 Panel Width Stiffener Pr.01 1.8 0.5 0.32 40 4.24 64.1 0.75 31.5 0.2 0.13 4.37 92.4 0.08 625.6 0.3 0.6 0.0 2.0 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.0 12.1 0.0 7.3 0.22 93.0 0.16 81.41 8.3 0.6 0.0 0. in.17 30.5 0. wg in.34 15..0 2.50 4.17 17.25 42.3 0.5 0.1 0.10 329.42 21. Pr.1 0.21 152.9 0.63 10.84 3.67 24.06 499.34 30.7 0.50 88.6 0..7 0.84 18.5 0.34 44.42 9.25 20.0 25.32 60..50 36.0 0.17 17.3 0.08 535.57 10.50 16.9 0.83 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.4 0. Def.3 0.50 46.17 231. wg in.06 3. 0.9 0.35 189.8 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 0. wg in.25 20.42 56.06 3.25 16.8 0.10 281.40 2.67 91.6 0.6 0.0 0.80 1.16 44.3 0.7 0.34 35.34 18.34 12.24 93.03 758.9 0.4 0.7 0. ft Spacing l. in.13 42.84 13.10 4.2 0.0 7.28 348.34 18.17 231.1 0.9 0.7 0.75 10.5 0.9 0.5 0.50 36.9 0.3 0.25 10.06 3.5 0.0538 0.05 921. Def..9 0.25 25.0 5.25 25.13 4.6 0.75 77.50 9.37 172.8 0.75 3.17 231.34 30.40 0.14 123.0 2.67 47.8 0.14 140.3 0.50 48.38 14.4 0.4 0.13 25.9 0.0 2.30 56.30 81. in.50 7.0 7.42 33.25 10.4 0.5 0.4 0.06 2.24 64.84 9.43 10.02 2081.3 0.84 54. wg in.84 6.0 0.34 7.75 Table 6.19 365.1 0.84 6.84 4.42 6.34 7.84 13.0 0.0 12.67 7.40 58.9 0.22 164.3 0.34 30.83 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.5 0.5 0.17 30.16 73.2 0.17 37.4 0.12 192.3 0.25 20.6 0.14 415.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.25 25.38 36.15 172. Pr.22 93.08 74.3 0.67 17.0 0.5 0.42 9.0 5.9 0..2 0.9 0.8 0.30 81.6 0.34 30.42 11. Def.6 0.5 0.75 84..4 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.25 16.42 6.3 0..0 0.8 0.7 0.75 17.24 198.8 0.02 2499.9 0.2 0. Pr.7 0.9 0.6 0. in. wg in. in.0 0.2400 0.50 7.3 0. in.06 139.42 13.50 25.34 44.0 0.47 2.13 4.7 0.50 36.3 0.2 0.67 12.7 0.5 18.9 0.00 1.14 123. 1.75 26.5 0.17 37.8 0.0 0.84 6..7 0.67 32.8 0.3 0.42 11.7 0.42 6.4 0.06 122.0 0. Def.0 0.5 0.12 192.7 0.4 0.0 3.0 0. in.9 0.9 0.3 0.21 1.0 5.08 40.8 0.4 0.1 0.34 7.50 0.66 Unstiffened NA NA NA NA NA 3. wg in.8 0.27 135.7 0.30 100.2 0.63 35.0 0.7 0.15 314.7 0.37 111.84 4.2 0.14 Unstiffened NA NA 5.7 0.0 0.25 42.5 0.8 0.14 123.7 0.0 4.9 0.7 0.6 0.67 6.12 192. wg 0.0 0.84 3.75 7.16 73.34 7.4 0.3 0.4 0. wg in.6 0.50 56.4 0.0 0.42 13.17 17.9 0.50 4.17 225.9 0.16 44.4 0.27 6.0 0.8 0.43 Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition 8.67 3.4 0.6 0.12 53.8 0.32 6.84 43.22 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO 5.25 25..5 0.0 4.2 0.5 0.5 0..47 103.6 0.7 0.03 915.08 516.12 192.25 42.50 4.0 0.8 0.9 0.0 4.32 60.25 20.2 0.1 0.08 516.24 64.8 0.5 0.75 15.25 10.4 0.4 0.2 0.34 15.1 0.0 0.7 0.10 281.26 77.44 162.1 0.25 10.42 13.34 82.4 0.67 7.. STRUCTURAL GR.6 0.7 0.50 25. Pr.0 0.42 33.34 12.50 9.02 2. in.3 0.8 0.0 3.0 5.4 0.6 0.0 0.10 1.40 58.2 0.4 0.6 0.22 5.11 115.8 0.07 96.0 6.06 245.0 12.3 0.50 9.17 30.84 23.67 12.84 23.32 Unstiffened NA NA NA 2.8 0.90 3. Pr.32 61.2 0.5 0.2 0.17 30.9 0.06 3.47 69.0 4.6 0.17 17.4 0..2 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.1 0. in.07 1393.5 0.9 0.4 0.67 17.0 6.9 0.04 563.7 0.0 0.09 339.75 2. in.0 0. Pr.0 0.63 13. Def.1 0.5 0.7 0.08 516.42 9.75 6.7 0.0 0.9 0.12 228.0 0.50 9.06 292.4 0.3 0.17 36.9 0.34 15.3 0.3 0.3 0..37 92.3 0.34 44.9 0.75 2.00 2. wg in.3020 0.5 0.84 3.42 45.10 281. Pr.17 30.5 0.32 60 6.1265 0.0966 0.44 127.8 0.17 37.. wg in.1 0.0 12.34 18.4 0.42 11.2 0.2 0.0 2.3−3A.34 15.3 0.4 0.8 0.84 89.6 0.17 56.0 0.9 0.10 281.21 5.63 9.2 0.60 0.1 0.42 21.0 0.0 12.67 5.0 0. Pr.22 93.3 0.04 465.0 0.19 151.9 0.7 0..05 1.50 10.34 18.50 4.0 2.1116 0.6 0.50 10.3 Panel Pressure Capacities for Class 3 Systems Operating at Up to 6505F .5 0.6 0.25 16.5 0.17 37.40 93.16 73.50 16.12 3.07 336.0 0.0 0.4 0.27 135.3 0.0 0.34 18.3650 0.9 0.4 0. Def.30 81.16 44.24 64.2 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.42 33.16 73.0 25.50 2.67 43.5 0.25 16.25 16.84 13.0 12.3 0.08 40.5 0. Pr.22 93.42 45.5 0.2 0.7 0.42 45.67 6.50 10.7 0.11 510.6 0.4 0.64 154.09 757.0 7.3 0. Def. Def..42 21.1775 0. W.2 0.19 131. in.3 0.03 1128.7 0.19 131.7 0.17 277.5 0.4900 Weight..1 0.17 37.84 18.2 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.50 16.16 44.. Def. in.9 0.16 44.84 9.34 12.30 133.2 0.3 0.42 11.25 42.7 0.8 0.07 96..06 795.8 0.42 6.1 0.50 7.0 4.3 0. Pr.0428 0.7 0.0 7.25 25.8 0.3 0.34 7.3 0.0 0.50 16.1 0. wg in.6 0.0 0.42 33.0 0.19 131.5 0.25 20.42 21.84 5.27 194. wg in.84 35.08 516. ft in.50 46.0 3.17 17.8 0.75 12.11 64.03 2.7 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.8 0..3 0.34 15.14 123.50 25.0 5.2 0.42 13.61 78.34 12.0 3.25 42.9 0.32 60.02 1359.0677 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.9 0.16 73.9 0.84 9.8 0.34 12.04 Unstiffened 5.2 0.7 0.67 5.34 44.75 54.1 0. Def.90 Thickness.75 8.5 0.0 0. Def.40 58.8 0.47 74.84 5.2 0.75 31.42 9.09 209.0 0.08 74.67 24.4 0.67 3.84 4.05 1462.25 10.17 17.50 27.2 0.8 0.6 0..22 5.5 0.0 3.8 0.84 5.27 155.9 0.84 24.9 0..50 7.6 0.3 0. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 6505F Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w 6.0 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 5.4 0.50 10.1 0.3 0.

3 1.3 0.32 BE USED IN CLASS 3 SYSTEMS 6.3 0.7 0..5 0. The adjacent column to the rigth (labled Def.0 1.50 7.4 1.3 0.67 24.5 1. in.0 0.34 5.3 0.8 0.43 8.9 0.22 93.0 0.50 4.0 0.42 33.6 0.68 2.0 7.27 135.83 12. Def.5 1.2400 0. in.50 36.84 35.42 11.2 1.0 NA 2.25 42.7 1. wg in.30 81.6 0. ft Spacing l.8 0.01 16.34 12.67 7.42 45.25 20.6 0.42 6.67 47. wg in.5 0.000 psi characteristic of ASTM A1011 High-strength Hot−rolled Steel.7 0.3 1.7 0.7 0.7 1.68 8. Pr.84 18.24 64.4 1..84 4.68 3. The pressure capacity values listed in this table can be taken as positive or negative as required by the intended application.01 3.0 2.67 7.50 46.5 0.0 NA NA 2.8 0.0 NA NA 2.25 16.34 20.01 5.50 25.67 3.01 18.1 1.2 0.68 10.7 1.5 0.7 0.34 44.6 0.0 0.84 3.34 3.50 16.8 0.2 0..3 0.9 0.42 11.4 0.8 0.6 0.84 9.42 13.50 36.9 0.34 13.3 0. wg in.34 8.3 1.42 9.5 1..34 10.2 0.2 0.10 1.67 32.67 32.7 0.25 16.42 45.5 0.2 1.5 1.19 131.2 0.67 5.7 0.0 5.3 1..90 3.3 1. ft in.68 14. the relative thickness of the four sides of the duct.7 0.24 64.84 5.7 0.34 7.32 6.8 0.9 1.6 0.13 4.42 45.40 58.67 47.84 35.0538 0.3 0.68 3.2 0. Pr.01 16. Def.40 58.34 44.9 0.6 0.84 3.0 8..7 1.2 1.42 33.3 0. Def.67 3.42 21.7 1.68 2.4 0.68 6.9 0.2 0.2 0.0 2. and are based on a yield strength of 50. wg in.50 25.2 0.0 0.84 23.9 0.0 4.9 0. Def.34 30.2 0.84 13.2 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.22 93. wg in.5 = 24.0966 0.67 17.3 1.) under each Material Gage lists its pressure capacity in inches water gage (in.0 8.50 46.0 1.25 10.) lists the estimated deflection in inches.84 6.. Material Gage 18 16 14 12 11 10 3_qy 1_r 5_qy 3_i 1_w Thickness.8 0.67 5.67 17.6 0.8 1.84 13.01 14.50 7..34 18. Actual panel deflections may vary from the above in both direction Rectangular Industrial Duct Construction Standards • I-P Second Edition (in or out).84 5.19 131.50 16.9 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.8 0.34 12.0 12. c.50 4. Pr.42 21.0 6.34 15.7 1.7 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.5 0.32 60.3 0.5 0.67 24.5 0.50 9.22 Larger 5.0 NA NA 2.34 7.84 3.000 psi or higher.68 6.30 81.0677 0.67 6.1 1.32 60.43 8.4900 Weight.8 1.84 6.1 1.67 17.37 92.42 33.5 0.5 0.8 1.5 0.13 4.17 231.3 1.67 6.9 0.68 3.6 0.68 14.3 0.67 32.0 4.25 16.7 0. wg in.42 21.34 30.0 0. in.47 69.42 9.7 0.0 2.34 15.67 24. wg in.43 18 GAGE IS NOT PERMITTED TO Than 8.67 12.50 16.4 0.0 0.0 0..8 0.34 3.50 10.6 0.00 1.22 93.2 0..34 44. Def. in.5 1.9 0.01 3.37 92.84 6.3 1. Cells marked NA indicate that capacity values were too low to be practical for industrial applications.5 0.2 0. wg in. Pr.2 0.34 5. in.84 23.1 0.42 6.5 0..2 1.67 47..4 0.7 0. Pr.4 0.50 25. and in magnitude by as much as 100%.1265 0. Def.3 1. W.1 1.42 13.3020 0.50 7.34 30.68 6.0 3. in.9 0. wg in.63 10.3650 0.84 5.5 1.01 4.84 18.0 2. and the initial set" or curvature inherent in the flat surfaces of fabricated rectangular duct. CS–50 ksi Panel Pressure Capacity Class 3 Good to: 6505F .7 1.40 2.22 5.2 0.9 0.34 18. Pr..8 0.67 12.0428 0.8 1.01 7. The table values are also valid for other grades of carbon steel sheet having a minimum yield strength of 50.67 12.3 0.25 25.9 0.50 4.3 0..0 2.9 1.25