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TOWN OF COLLINGWOOD

URBAN DESIGN MANUAL


Given the complexity of the subject matter, and interconnectivity of professional disciplines associated with Urban Design, there is no universally
accepted definition of Urban Design. The Town of Collingwood has taken direction from the Canadian Institute of Planners, Urban Design Interest
Group, and adopted the definition written by one of the contemporary authorities in this domain, Jonathan Barnett, for the purposes of developing
this Urban Design Manual:

Urban design is the generally accepted name for the process of giving physical design direction to urban growth, conservation,
and change. It is understood to include landscape as well as buildings, both preservation and new construction, and rural
areas as well as cities.

Throughout the process of crafting the Urban Design Manual, staff have also facilitated understanding of this complex subject with stakeholders by
describing Urban Design in terms of how it relates to the built environment people experience every day, specifically:

The definition of space through the careful arrangement and design of architecture, landscaping, and use to create livable
places for people.

The policy direction for the development of the Urban Design Manual is diverse, and includes: The Provincial Policy Statement; Places to Grow:
Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe; County of Simcoe Official Plan; Town of Collingwood Official Plan; Town of Collingwood Strategic
Plan; The Sustainable Community Plan for the Town of Collingwood; Town of Collingwood Leisure Services Master Plan; and, the Town of
Collingwood’s Active Transportation Priority Resolution.

The requirements of the Urban Design Manual have been established to direct developments in ways that integrate their various components to
achieve projects that function well; are aesthetically pleasing; support community health; and, improve the overall livability of Collingwood for the
benefits of residents and visitors alike.

i
Preface i 1- Site Character & 4- Subdivisions 4-1
Context 1-1 A. Layout 4-2
Contents ii A. Topography 1-2 B. Parks & Open Space 4-3
B. Grading 1-3 C. Neighbourhood
C. Site Features 1-4 Centre Park 4-5
Purpose 1 D. Perimeter 4-7
D. Heritage features 1-5
Structure 2 E. Existing Buffers 1-6 E. Subdivision Gateway 4-9
Application of Standards 3 F. Significant Trees 1-7
Universal Design 4 G. Watercourses 1-8 5- Lots 5-1
Crime Prevention 5 H. Water Access 1-9 A. Configuration 5-2
Non-Residential & I. Views 1-10 B. Priority Sites &
Residential 6 J. Lookouts 1-11 Bridgeheads 5-3
C. Neighbourhood Centre
Alternative Design
2- Blocks 2-1 Park Arrangement 5-5
Solutions 7 D. Narrow Lots 5-6
A. Block Size 2-2
Sections & Subsections B. Development
Outline Chart 9 Footprints 2-4 6- Site Layout 6-1
A. Streetscape 6-2
3- Streets 3-1 B. Parking 6-5
A. Street Pattern 3-2 C. Structures Fronting a
B. Right-of-way 3-5 Laneway 6-8
C. Cul-de-sacs & D. Arterial Corridors 6-9
Dead Ends 3-6 E. Relationship of Uses 6-10
D. Street Pattern F. Site Character 6-11
Alternatives 3-7 G. Patios & Dining Areas 6-12
E. Internal H. Outdoor Display &
Thoroughfares 3-9 Retail 6-13
F. Laneways 3-10 I. Industrial Outdoor
G. Traffic Calming 3-11 Display 6-15

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J. Open Areas 6-16 O. Facade Material 7-28 C. Street Trees 10-6
K. Outdoor Amenity P. Colour 7-29 D. Frontage Plantings 10-7
Space 6-17 Q. Priority Sites 7-30 E. Perimeter Plantings 10-8
L. Building Service Uses 6-20 R. Heritage Adjacency 7-31 F. Foundation Plantings 10-9
M. Restrooms 6-21 S. Residential Standards 7-32 G. Tree Canopy 10-10
N. Utilities 6-22 H. Pedestrian
O. Lighting 6-23 8- Active Transportation 8-1 Connections 10-11
P. Trash & Recycling 6-24 A. Pedestrian Circulation 8-2 I. Screening 10-13
Q. Campus Design 6-25 B. Enhanced Pedestrian J. Parking Lot
R. Snow Storage/Melt 6-26 Connections 8-6 Landscaping 10-15
S. Stormwater C. Pedestrian Amenities 8-7 K. Parks 10-17
Management 6-27 D. Street System 8-9 L. Outdoor Amenity
E. Parking Areas 8-11 Spaces 10-21
7- Buildings 7-1 F. Trails 8-13 M. Play Spaces 10-24
A. Building Placement & G. Bicycle Circulation 8-15 N. Community Gardens 10-27
Orientation 7-2 H. Transit Circulation 8-17
B. Building Facade: I. Wayfinding 8-19
Streetscape 7-5 Appendix A: Residential
C. Corner Sites 7-6 9- Car Oriented Commercial 9-1 Architectural Themes A-1
D. Building Groupings 7-7 A. Car Oriented
E. Context 7-9 Commercial 9-2 Glossary G-1
F. Height & Mass 7-11 B. Display Lots 9-3
G. Building Facade 7-12 C. Automobile Canopies &
H. Articulation 7-15 Bays 9-4
I. Entrances 7-18
J. Fenestration 7-20 10- Landscaping &
K. Blank Walls 7-22 Public Spaces 10-1
L. Mixed-use 7-23 A. General Design 10-2
M. Retail Facades 7-24 B. Planter Beds 10-5
N. Roofs 7-26

iii
The purpose of the Urban Design Manual (UDM) is to encourage the design of a
complete, effective and sustainable built environment consistent with
Collingwood’s character and vision for the future. The UDM provides guidance
on design matters that are directly related to ensuring that development
projects are of high quality, pedestrian-oriented, interconnected, sensitive to the
natural and built environment, and provide adequate public facilities and
infrastructure.

The UDM is intended as a framework that outlines the salient characteristics of


various design concepts and principles. The intent is to guide new
development to become distinctive, while relating harmoniously to the terrain,
use, scale, architecture, streetscapes, and neighbourhoods of Collingwood, and
the needs of its citizens and visitors.

The UDM will help provide predictability for applicants, the Town and
stakeholders, by providing consistent direction about the criteria for the design
of proposed development.

The UDM provides a framework for managing the design of new developments,
that allows for the application of imaginative approaches and encourages
design creativity, while maintaining a high quality of life for the community.

The provisions, and examples in the UDM should be used as the foundation of
design for all development projects in Collingwood and will be used in the
assessment made by the Town of development proposals. Meeting the
requirements of the UDM does not preclude the necessity to design specific
site elements to function properly, be of high quality construction, and with
appropriate attention to details that ensure that site improvements can be
properly maintained.

1
The design requirements are arranged in ten separate, but interrelated,
Sections that focus on specific aspects of development design. Each of
these Sections is identified with a title page that describes the intent and
focus of the Section. The title page also lists the Subsections.

The particular applicability of the Sections is dependent upon the type and
scale of the proposed project, and shall be determined by the Town.

At the top of each page, the Section name and number are listed, with the
Subsection identified in bold text. The specific requirements of the
Subsection are listed in the page’s text. Illustrations on the pages help
describe these requirements and provide examples.

2
Applicability Submissions

The UDM shall apply to all projects subject to review and To assist decision makers, stakeholders, and community
Planning approval by the Town through subdivisions, members in understanding proposals applicants shall provide all
condominiums, and site plan control applications as permitted necessary application materials as required by the Town, including
under the Planning Act and adoption of Bylaws 2010-082 and any additional written materials, graphic illustrations, and
2010-083. diagrams necessary to demonstrate compliance with the UDM;
such as, any necessary information to illustrate the design of
Through the course of review for each project, the design public spaces; parking lots; building facades; trail accesses;
concepts and application of the UDM will be reviewed in their public art; landscape design; turning radii and travel lanes with
entirety. It is the job of the project designer(s) to synthesize all of design vehicles; and other proposed improvements.
the requirements of the UDM for each development application.
The applicant, will demonstrate to the Town, through
Compliance with the provisions of the UDM does not preclude documentation, how their proposal meets the UDM.
compliance with other development regulations associated with
an application as required by the Town or other applicable To assist decision makers, stakeholders, and community
jurisdiction. Where provisions of the UDM may conflict due to the members in understanding the physical and functional
characteristics of a proposal, the more restrictive shall apply and/ characteristics, and interrelationship of proposal components
or an alternative design solution(s) may be required that meets (internally and to their surrounding contexts), projects may be
the intent of the applicable Sections of the UDM. required to submit a 3-D digital model in Google SketchUp format,
and/or design briefs to describe the project. These shall illustrate
Provisions of the UDM are activated by “shall” when required, details necessary to exhibit compliance with the UDM.
“should” when recommended; and “may” when optional.

Figure Ground drawing: Circulation/Block Size Land Use drawing: Showing Residential Mix drawing: Open Space Network
Showing buildings on the drawing: Showing streets, mixed-use, commercial, Showing single-unit drawing: Showing
site. pedestrian ways and trails. residential, civic, parks and residential, multiple-unit, streetscape, park, passage,
open space. and apartment residences. square/amenity space.

3
As a principle of the UDM, designs for new developments shall seek to ensure that
all community members have access to services, social activities, and
opportunities to move freely within Collingwood. Therefore, project designs shall
enhance people’s comfort with features that fit well with the average person’s
physical capabilities and senses by using Universal Design Principles as much as
practical.

Universal Design seeks to ensure that things will be usable by people regardless of
age, ability, or situation. Key principles of Universal Design include:

• Broad design solutions;


• Equitable use (does not disadvantage, stigmatize or privilege any group of
user);
• Flexibility in use (accommodates a wide range of individual user preferences
and varying functional abilities);
• Simple and intuitive (easy to understand regardless of user’s experience,
knowledge, or language skills);
• Low physical effort (can be used efficiently, comfortably and with minimal
fatigue);
• Perceptible information (communicates all necessary information to all users
regardless of ambient conditions or the users’ abilities);
• Tolerance for error (minimizes hazards and adverse consequences of
accidental or unintended actions);
• Size and space for approach and use (provides appropriate size and space
for approach and use regardless of body size, posture or functional ability).

Through the development review process, the Town may require design
amendments to proposals that help achieve the principles of Universal Design.

4
Crime prevention through the creation of defensible spaces shall be considered in
project design, and elements shall be arranged to provide a safe environment for
users by adhering to the following principles of CPTED (Crime Prevention Through
Environmental Design).

1. Define Territoriality- All proposed building entrances, parking areas, pathways


and other use areas shall be defined with appropriate features that express
ownership and boundaries. For example, landscaping, fences, pavement
treatments, and art can be used to delineate different areas. The arrangement,
dimensions and scale of spaces and elements shall be designed to encourage
comfortable interactions among people, avoiding spaces that appear confined;
dark; isolated or unconnected with neighbouring uses; or without a clear
purpose or function.

2. Integrate Natural Surveillance – Visibility, light and openness shall be considered


in design. Physical features and activities shall be oriented and designed in ways
that maximize the ability to see throughout the site. This includes attention to
such things as: the placement of windows to provide visual access to areas of
the site and create window streets; location of walkways, entrances, landscape
materials, and site features to avoid areas for hiding; appropriate lighting that
does not produce glare; avoiding excessive lighting in areas that in turn creates
darken spaces in others; and wayfinding cues that make a site easily
understood and navigable.

3. Activity Support – The proposed site layout and building design shall encourage
legitimate activity in public spaces. For example, locating outdoor uses in
complementary arrangements or activity nodes, that create more activity than if
separated. The arrangement of spaces, combination of uses, and use of
wayfinding and orienting techniques shall be integrated to facilitate people’s
ability to understand and perceive spaces, and their intended uses.

Through the development review process, the Town may require design
amendments to proposals that help achieve the principles of CPTED.

5
Non-residential Standards Residential Standards

The UDM provisions that apply to non-residential projects are While the design intentions for non-residential developments are
intended to direct new developments to: interconnected with the residential standards, there are also
additional reasons for the UDM to apply to residential uses,
• Achieve the desires of the community as expressed in the specifically:
Official Plan and other policy documents;
• Create development patterns that are fitting with the • Create highly livable residential developments with access
community in terms of streets, blocks, scale, and to open space, recreation, and neighbouring uses;
orientation; • Create aesthetically pleasing residential neighbourhoods
• Create active and highly useable business areas; with streetscapes and buildings that are well suited to the
• Support and improve the aesthetics and function of community; and,
Collingwood’s public realm; • Provide access to various high-quality private and public
• Ensure that they are contextually appropriate to spaces associated with residences.
Collingwood;
• Create sites that are compatible and connected to In addition to the specific requirements of the UDM the design of
neighbouring uses; individual residential buildings shall meet one of the three
• Achieve the desire of the community as expressed in the architectural themes identified for Collingwood listed below and
Collingwood Sustainable Community Plan, by reducing the described in Appendix A: Residential Architectural Themes:
environmental impact of development with reduced
stormwater impacts, improved urban forest, and more c. Local Heritage Style;
efficient development patterns and buildings; d. Lakeshore and Mountainside Recreation; and,
• Improve access and safety with infrastructure and e. Contemporary New Urbanism.
amenities that support people’s activities; and,
• Support active transportation with appropriate amenities Alternatives
and options for transportation modes. Alternative architectural theme/styles for buildings may be
proposed under the provisions for Alternative Design Solutions
In addition to the specific requirements of the UDM, the design of the UDM (pages 7 and 8).
of non-residential buildings shall meet one of the two
architectural themes listed below:

a. Traditional Small Town Heritage Style; or,


b. Lakeshore and Mountainside Recreation.

6
Examples in the UDM are illustrative of concepts and shall not be interpreted as being the only
solution. They also do not address every possible combination of uses and site characteristics.

Existing conditions such as odd-shaped lots, topography, poor access, brownfields, and a multitude
of others may require flexibility and creative design solutions; at the same time, it is important to
recognize that some sites may not be fully developable.

Accordingly, flexibility will be given to consideration of specific standards contingent on the intent and
principles of the UDM and its Sections being satisfied; therefore, any specific standard within this
manual may not necessarily be met, provided an alternative design solution that satisfies the intent of
the UDM and Sections is submitted.

To provide the necessary flexibility, and context-appropriate design guidance for specific uses, each
Section of the UDM indicates exceptions based on the uses present. For this purpose, highlighted
initials are used at the end of specific provisions to indicate the use exception(s). Additional exception
clarification is also provided following the applicable standards. The table below shows the exception
uses and initials used to identify these:

Use UDS Symbol


Detached residential DR
Multiple-unit residential MUR
Commercial COM
Industrial IND
Mixed-use MU
Civic/Public CIV
Residential subdivisions RSub
Non-residential subdivisions NRSub

7
For departures or alternative design solutions from any specific design standard, the proponent
of a development shall provide justification to the Town for review and approval. This
documentation may take the form of a combination of written descriptions and drawings as
necessary, to describe how the proposed design will:

1) Provide conformance with the purpose/intent of the applicable Section(s) of the Urban
Design Manual; and,
2) Provide appropriate mitigation measures for those Sections that are not being met.

Applications for unique site arrangements, and/or use combinations not specifically addressed
by the Urban Design Manual may be required to provide additional information to facilitate
appropriate review of the proposal. This may include proposals such as: sports complexes;
nature centres; auto-malls; eco-industrial parks; major event centres such as outdoor
amphitheaters; industrial brownfield redevelopment; large commercial/retail centres; significant
mixed-use developments; waterfront developments; and, educational or institutional campuses.

Through the application review process, the Town may require design amendments to proposals
to meet the requirements of the Urban Design Manual.

8
1 - Site Character & 2 - Blocks 3 - Streets 4 - Subdivisions 5 - Lots
Context

Directs design to ensure that natural Establishes standards for Guides the design & arrangement of Guides subdivision design to create Guides lot configurations that are fitting
environmental site features, that are maintaining and building upon the street network, to connect the attractive, healthy, safe neighborhoods, with community character; suitable for
so highly valued, are preserved & Collingwood’s existing, pedestrian- community efficiently and safely punctuated by parks, open space, and intended uses; and ensure positive
become integrated in new projects. scaled, walkable blocks. with all modes of transportation. active transportation networks. relationships between adjacent uses.

A) Topography 1-2 A) Block Size 2-2 A) Street Pattern 3-2 A) Layout 4-2 A) Configuration 5-2
B) Grading 1-3 B) Development Footprints 2-4 B) Right-of-way 3-5 B) Parks & Open Spaces 4-3 B) Priority Sites &
C) Site Features 1-4 C) Cul-de-sacs & C) Neighbourhood Centre Bridgeheads 5-3
D) Heritage Features 1-5 Dead Ends 3-6 Park 4-5 C) Neighbourhood Centre
E) Existing Buffers 1-6 D) Street Pattern D) Perimeter 4-7 Park Arrangement 5-5
F) Significant Trees 1-7 Alternatives 3-7 E) Subdivision Gateway 4-9 D) Narrow Lots 5-6
G) Water Courses 1-8 E) Internal Thoroughfares 3-9
H) Water Access 1-9 F) Laneways 3-10
I) Views 1-10 G) Traffic Calming 3-11
J) Lookouts 1-11

9
6 - Site Layout 7 - Buildings 8 - Active 9 - Car-oriented 10 - Landscape &
Transportation Commercial Public Spaces

Standards for integrating uses, Directs buildings to be designed as Standards that elevate the needs of Directing designs for auto oriented Guides the design of landscaping,
transportation, landscape, and high-quality, long-term additions to pedestrians, cyclists, and mass developments that utilize site activity nodes, and parks, as major
buildings designs that are contextually the community, with permanence, transit as safe and practical modes of characteristics for maximum benefit to physical features that impact
fitting, and highly livable. quality, and contextual sensitivity. transportation. add to the visual and functional form. livability, and community health.

A) Streetscape 6-2 A) Building Placement & A) Pedestrian Circulation 8-2 A) General Design 10-2
A) Car-oriented
B) Parking 6-5 Orientation 7-2 B) Enhanced Pedestrian B) Planter Beds 10-5
Commercial 9-2
C) Structures Fronting B) Building Façade: Connection 8-6 C) Street Trees 10-6
B) Display Lots 9-3
Laneways 6-8 Streetscape 7-5 C) Pedestrian Amenities 8-7 D) Frontage Plantings 10-7
C) Automobile Canopies
D) Arterial Corridors 6-9 C) Corner Sites 7-6 D) Street System 8-9 E) Perimeter Plantings 10-8
& Bays 9-4
E) Relationship of Uses 6-10 D) Building Groupings 7-7 E) Parking Areas 8-11 F) Foundation Plantings 10-9
F) Site Character 6-11 E) Context 7-9 F) Trails 8-13 G) Tree Canopy 10-10
G) Patios & Dining Areas 6-12 F) Height and Mass 7-11 G) Bicycle Circulation 8-15 H) Pedestrian Connections 10-11
H) Outdoor Display & Retail 6-13 G) Building Façade 7-12 H) Transit Circulations 8-17 I) Screening 10-13
I) Industrial Outdoor H) Articulation 7-15 I) Wayfinding 8-19 J) Parking Lot
Display 6-15 I) Entrances 7-18 Landscaping 10-15
J) Open Areas 6-16 J) Fenestration 7-20 K) Parks 10-17
K) Outdoor Amenity Space 6-17 K) Blank Walls 7-22 L) Outdoor Amenity
L) Building Service Uses 6-20 L) Mixed-use 7-23 Spaces 10-21
M) Restrooms 6-21 M) Retail Façades 7-24 M) Play Spaces 10-24
N) Utilities 6-22 N) Roofs 7-26 N) Community Gardens 10-27
O) Lighting 6-23 O) Façade Materials 7-28
P) Trash & Recycling 6-24 P) Colour 7-29
Q) Campus Designs 6-25 Q) Priority Sites 7-30
R) Snow Storage/Melt 6-26 R) Heritage Adjacency 7-31
S) Stormwater Management S) Residential Standards 7-32
Facilities 6-27

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A.Topography 1-2 Purpose
B. Grading 1-3 The natural landscape of the region
C. Site Features 1-4 possesses a visual and physical unity that
D. Heritage Features 1-5 makes it cohesive, giving it the distinctive
quality that those who live here recognize
E. Existing Buffers 1-6 as home. The patterns of the riparian
F. Significant Trees 1-7 corridors, wooded areas, escarpment,
G. Water Courses 1-8 cultural landscapes, and shoreline areas,
H. Water Access 1-9 create the natural identity of the area.
I. Views 1-10 Nature is an especially key part of what
J. Lookouts 1-11 defines Collingwood, providing visually
attractive, habitat-rich areas and
comfortable spaces in which to spend
leisure time; with many physical linkages to
the natural environment existing through
local open spaces and trails.
The following standards help direct design
to ensure that the natural site features and
functions (such as terrain, landscape, and
drainage) are preserved and become part
of new projects. The intent is for sites to be
designed to work with the landscape;
striking a balance between the natural and
built environment; using each site’s
characteristics to maximize amenity and
energy conservation; integrating natural
functions such as drainage patterns into
site design; and, protecting and enhancing
the tree canopy.

1-1
A. Topography
1. Topography and natural
drainage patterns should be
treated as an integral part of
site configuration rather than
as elements that can be
changed to follow a preferred
development scheme;
therefore, necessary grade
changes shall be in keeping
with the general appearance
and topography of the
neighbouring areas, and be
designed and landscaped
accordingly, to provide a
functional and visually
compatible fit.

2. Development should follow the


natural contours of the land to
preserve the shape of the
natural land forms and to
minimize grade differences
with adjoining lands.

1-2
B. Grading
1. The use of retaining walls,
particularly along street
frontages, parks, riparian
corridors and other public
areas should be limited as
much as practical. Retaining wall with terraces
to reduce its apparent height
2. Where retaining walls cannot and mass and allow for
be avoided, the overall height landscaping.
shall be minimized, or low
terraces provided with
maximum vertical height of
1m, and shall include a
landscaped bench of no less
than 2m horizontal. Terrace
benches shall include
landscaping to improve
aesthetics and screen
retaining walls.
Minimum screening
3. Retaining walls visible from the necessary for retaining walls
street or public areas shall be (50%) visible from the street
screened at least 50% with or public areas.
landscaping.

4. Grading plans shall be


designed to ensure existing
drainage patterns are
maintained around existing
vegetation that is to remain.

1-3
C. Site Features
1. The arrangement of individual building design as potential assets a much as c. Minimize cut and fill;
sites shall be such as to maintain, and/or practical. d. Maintain vegetation along water
enhance the following: courses, along trail corridors, and
a. Natural topography; 3. With regard to block and street layout adjacent to open spaces; and
b. Wetlands; standards defined in the UDM, streets e. Preserve, create and enhance access
c. Tree canopy cover; and, shall be designed and located to: and views and vistas of water
d. Visual and physical access to a. Maintain natural heritage features, courses, the escarpment, and bay.
heritage features. cultural assets, historic buildings and
sites;
2. Vistas of the escarpment, and shoreline b. Maintain significant trees;
from the development
site, or adjacent Sections 2- Blocks
public areas should and 3- Streets are
be considered in the closely related to this
sub-section.

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1-4
D. Heritage Features
1. The removal or disruption of
historically or culturally
significant uses, landscapes,
structures, or architectural
elements should be
minimized, with features
integrated into the site design
as amenities.

2. For the amenities defined in 1.


above, interpretive signage
should be integrated into the In this illustration a remnant of a cultural
site design. landscape, in this case an orchard, is
integrated into the park design of a
residential subdivision. This allows this
feature to act as an amenity for the
community.

1-5
E. Existing Buffers
DR
1. Existing trees and/or
vegetation should be
maintained to satisfy the
requirements for buffers, Section 10 describes
landscape perimeters, or tree landscape
canopy, provided the requirements.
vegetation in question is:
healthy; non-invasive or native
species; of appropriate sizes;
and in sufficient quantities to
achieve the tended purpose(s).

1-6
F. Significant Trees
1. Planter areas, with a minimum
size of 6m X 6m, or as
determined necessary by a
Certified Landscape Architect
or Certified Arborist, may be
required for all significant trees
(within proposed hardscape
areas) that have been
protected as per the
Collingwood Tree Cutting By-
law. Where trees and
associated planters, as per the To provide improved protection of the root
above, are located within zone of significant trees, the UDM requires
proposed parking areas, these to be surrounded by minimum 6m X
applicants may seek a 6m planters.
reduction of the number of
parking stalls affected by this
provision through a minor
variance application.

1-7
G. Watercourses
1. To preserve and enhance
watercourses, and to maintain
the habitat value and charm
that the natural environment
brings to residents and
visitors, all streams, creeks
and rivers shall remain open
and uncovered.

2. Covered or buried natural


water courses should be
daylighted as part of new
developments or
redevelopments where
practical. This involves
uncovering and appropriately
rehabilitating the
watercourses.

1-8
H. Water Access
1. The water edge along Nottawasaga Bay shall be
Nottawasaga Bay shall always designed to include
be maintained and developed termination points at the
with public access. Water bay to provide both
access should include the physical and visual Section 3- Streets
development or continuation access to the water. has provisions that
of a public walkway along the These should: relate to these
water’s edge, and should also a. Be aligned with requirements.
include: existing street axes;
a. Lookouts; and/or, b. Provide public access
b. Physical access to the to the water as per 1.a
water including boat and 1.b above; and,
launches; open shoreline c. Provide public parking for
access for pedestrians; up to 3 cars, where
fishing spots; docks; and practical.
other similar uses as most
appropriate to the location,
site proposal, and
reasonably expected use.

DR Existing single-unit
residential sites and
subdivisions with five or fewer
lots are exempted from this
requirement.
Developments shall provide
2. There is a historic pattern of pedestrian walkways along the
ending streets at the water’s waterfront. Public access to the
edge which provides both water at street ends may take a
visual and physical access to
variety of forms as illustrated to
the water. Streets serving new
developments adjacent to the right.

1-9
I. Views
Section 5 -Lots has
1. Parks, open spaces and requirements
streets shall be designed to
associated with priority
protect and provide views and
vistas from public areas to sites.
prominent site features such
as wooded areas, In this example, the street
watercourses, and heritage pattern, and the irregular
assets. This shall be done in a block shape create a priority
synchronized and balanced site at the street end that is
fashion with the other suited for the small park. By
requirements outlined in the
placing the park in this
UDM. IND NRSub
location it provides a
visually appealing street end
view, and helps create a
sense of place.

Source: Google

In this example, the street


end view terminates at a
stand of trees, while the
nearby park affords views to
the river corridor.

1-10
J. Lookouts
1. Trails, parks, and other public spaces 2. Rights-of-way terminating at the bay, or 3. Lookouts shall at a minimum contain the
adjacent to water courses and the watercourses, including those that are following features:
waterfront shall provide lookouts for unused, unopened, or consolidated with a. Seating for at least three people;
people to experience the natural the development shall: b. Shade tree or structure; and,
features. These should be designed to a. Be maintained and/or improved to c. Interpretive signage describing the
provide undisturbed viewing areas away support visual and physical natural feature being viewed or,
from vehicle, foot or bike traffic at connections to the water; and, public art.
locations that maximize the potential for b. May include a lookout as per 1.
users to comfortably experience these above.
natural assets. A project may be exempt
from this requirement along a trail, if that
trail section has a similar feature within
200m.

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non obInea
An example of a well this example a lookout is
soluad incommod quae egen
designed lookout. The UDM provided along a trail. The
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
requires seating to be lookout is slightly removed
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
incorporated into the design from the main trail to provide
of sucharcu
spaces. An example of a public art an undisturbed viewing area
Consectetuer ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
feature, as may be (while still being visible from
vehicula,Source:
in vehicula diam,
Canada ornare magna
Lands erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
incorporated into a lookout the trail).
Company
space.

1-11
A. Block Size 2-2 Purpose
B. Development Footprints 2-4 The historic development of Collingwood
includes regular blocks whose size and
arrangement creates development patterns
supporting not only vehicular traffic, but all
forms of transportation.
This type of development pattern supports
active transportation options and, in turn,
community health and well being.
This section establishes standards for
maintaining and building upon
Collingwood’s existing, pedestrian-scaled
blocks through requirements for the
creation of new blocks and the
arrangement of development sites.
The purpose is to direct the design of
blocks and large development footprints in
a way that balances the conditions found in
the existing community, the transportation
requirements of the proposed uses, and
the patterns necessary to support active
transportation and the needs of
pedestrians.

2-1
A. Block Size
1. Blocks shall be of a regular shape, iv.Create priority lots/sites; and, 3. Residential blocks may be up to a
measuring no more than 100m in width v. Respond to existing development maximum of 400m in length provided:
and 200m in length. patterns. a. The project applicant has exhibited
Exceptions: that an exceptional circumstance
a. For industrial areas, the maximum 2. For large projects and/or those with such as: topography; the location of
block dimensions shall be 300m for private thoroughfares, the internal critical natural areas; a shift in
length and width. development pattern shall meet the block pattern occurs; or, the
b. Irregularly shaped, or single-loaded requirements of this Section. This shall location of collector
blocks may be permitted to: be achieved through the introduction or arterial streets
i. Respond to topography and and location of streets; roadways and makes the
natural features; vehicle maneuvering lanes; pedestrian standard Section 8-
ii. Create shifts in block patterns; walkways; and, building sites. limitations Active
iii. Create focal points or define impractical; Transportation
public spaces such as parks; and, describes requirements
for enhanced
pedestrian
connections.
Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure
dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
Example of irregularly
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen Example of walkways
shaped blocks resulting from through blocks combined
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia
Large deserunt
projects mollit anim id
shall meet
a shift in street and the river with various types of public
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
block size requirements for
corridor. spaces.
internal site layout.
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

2-2
A. Block Size
b. Mid-block pedestrian connections
and/or parks are provided for all
blocks over 200m in length to
provide pedestrian connections
through blocks (in arrangements that
allow for safe and convenient
pedestrian movement).

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
Tia non obExample
Example of a mid-block The block pattern here mixes of a mid-block
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. ea soluad incommod quae egen
pedestrian connection that an interesting arrangement of pedestrian connection on a
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
includes pedestrian oriented laneways with dead ends, large block. The UDM has
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
lighting and landscaping. while maintaining the kind of specific requirements
overall block pattern that is associated with the design of
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
required by the UDM. these.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
Source: Google

2-3
B. Development Footprints To provide development footprints
that do not act as pedestrian
barriers, a maximum walking
1. Commercial and mixed-use c. For enclosed walkways, distance from one side of a
developments shall provide entrances shall be
pedestrian connections enhanced to differentiate development block to the other
through buildings and/or them from other entrances shall be 250m. This may require the
blocks of buildings such that and make them appear as introduction of pedestrian
the maximum walking welcoming to the public; walkways through development
distance from the midpoint of and, blocks, similar to those in
the wider side of the block to d. Public access is provided.
Collingwood’s downtown.
the midpoint on the opposite
side is 250m. This may be
achieved through
a. Walkways, sidewalks,
paseos, galleria, or other
similar features; and/or
b. Connections to publicly
accessible spaces such as
parks, courtyards, and Section 6-Site
outdoor amenity spaces. Layout describes the
requirements for
2. Enclosed or covered walkways Outdoor Amenity
through buildings may be used Spaces which can be
to meet the requirements of 1 used to meet 1.
above provided:
a. The walkway is a minimum
width of 7m;
b. The height of the cover or
ceiling shall be
proportional to the width of
the walkway so as not to
give the impression of a
narrow hallway;

2-4
A. Street Pattern 3-2 Purpose
B. Right-of-way 3-5 All the various thoroughfares of a
C. Cul-de-sacs & Dead Ends 3-6 community form a connected network that
D. Street Pattern Alternatives 3-7 facilitates the movement of people and
E. Internal Thoroughfares 3-9 goods. For the health of the community
and overall livability, the best networks
F. Laneways 3-10 support all forms of transportation, with
G. Traffic Calming 3-11 ease of access, and route choices in an
overall pattern that ensures that people can
easily walk, cycle, take transit, and drive
from their place of residence to
neighbouring uses and other areas of the
community.
The UDM requirements of this Section are
intended to direct new developments to
design and arrange their various
thoroughfares, trails, and walkways to
connect land uses, neighborhoods,
districts and open spaces to efficiently and
safely serve all modes of transportation.

3-1
A. Street Pattern
1. The pattern of thoroughfares utilized for a. Part of a coherent development 3. Short and curved or irregular streets can
subdivisions and developments shall be pattern that creates priority lots/ contribute to variety and a sense of
predominantly a grid or modified grid sites, and focal site(s); and/or, place, and may also be appropriate
pattern with intersections designed at b. Create parks and open space; where there are topographical or other
right angles or T intersections. and/or, site constraints, or where there is a need
c. Are in response to existing to introduce some variety for the sake of
2. The street grid pattern may be adjusted natural or cultural heritage features, interest. In these instances they may be
to a modified grid by reducing the or development; and, permitted based on overall design merit.
number of linkages or the alignment d. Provide a similar number of street However, layouts that use excessive or
between blocks; and radial, or other intersections, for connectivity, as gratuitous curves shall be avoided, as
geometric configurations may be used would the regular grid pattern. they are less efficient and make
provided they are: access for active transportation
particularly difficult.

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
cillum. Tia non
Regular street grid pattern. ob ea soluad incommod quae
Modified grid with smaller egen cillum.pattern.
Radial Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen
Loose grid pattern.
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt
blocks and patternmollit
shift. anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.

Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

3-2
A. Street Pattern
4. To ensure the effective continuity of the accommodate further extension of d. They are generally aligned with the
street pattern, and implementation of the street pattern and to create street grid or connect two or more
long range active transportation plans: interconnections to adjacent existing end points of the
a. Gaps in the existing street grid shall neighbourhoods and uses. street grid; and,
be completed by providing
connecting streets through 5. The connections in 4. above may be
developments.; limited to public pedestrian and bicycle
b. Adjoining streets shall be extended ways provided:
into developments and subdivisions; a. The proposed alternative is practical;
and, b. There is no demonstrable benefit for
c. Streets shall be extended to a street connection;
the boundaries of the c.They allow for full pedestrian and
development as bicycle access in both directions
appropriate to Street pattern across the site;
design should be
considered with
Section 8-Active
Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure
Transportation
dolor in reprehendrequirements.
incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.

Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

3-3
A. Street Pattern
e. They provide a minimum: appropriately designed as functional
i. 3m wide walkway; multi-season connections.
ii. 3m wide planter beds on either Section 4-
side that contain at least 100% 9. Streets shall relate to natural areas, Subdivisions, D.
ground cover, and shade trees water courses, parks, and/or rural Perimeter describes
planted 10m on centre for the County edges, and borders of future requirements for
length of the connection with a neighbourhood developments to create urban-rural
minimum of one tree on each end a strong sense of place. This shall be interface
of each planter strip; and, achieved through:
iii. Pedestrian-oriented lighting. a. Single-loaded streets at these edges
with development fronting the
6. If exceptional circumstances, such as borders; and/or,
topography, protected natural areas, b. Street alignments that terminate
water courses or existing development views at parks, open spaces, or rural
prohibit street connections as per the areas.
above, street right-of-way may be
required to accommodate future
redevelopment and connectivity.

7. All streets shall be designed to support


walkability, with appropriate speeds for
their intended use, and include
pedestrian-oriented intersections that
facilitate safe and enjoyable active
transportation.

8. To facilitate active transportation and


reduce vehicle dependance,
developments may be required to
provide active transportation
connections across water courses, and
open spaces for pedestrians and
bicycles. These shall be

3-4
B. Right-of-Way The design of
these should be
1. To provide active considered with the
transportation linkages,
requirements of
development sites that
consolidate with existing Section 8 - Active
rights-of-way (for the purpose Transportation.
of eliminating the right-of-way For re/development
use as a street, and/or to proposals where existing
increase the size of the rights-of-way are being
development site) shall at a consolidated as part of the
minimum maintain/establish development site, active
pedestrian and bicycling
transportation linkages shall
thoroughfares in these areas
which are: be provided such as the
a. Publicly accessible; example illustrated here.
b. Generally located in the
same area as the original
right-of-way where
practical;
c. Include a 3m wide hard
surface paving, 3m wide
planter bed/landscape
boulevard with landscaping
and shade trees planted
with 10m spacing.
IND NRSub

3-5
C. Cul-de-sacs & Dead Ends
1. Dead-end streets shall only be permitted 2. A temporary dead-end may be approved
where: when connections to adjacent properties
a. Due to demonstrable physical cannot be extended at the time of
constraints no future connection to development, but will be provided in the
the larger street pattern is physically future. At a minimum, stub streets shall
possible; or, be required to allow for future
b. There exists an exceptional connectivity, although a turn-around may
circumstance such as steep be required for emergency vehicles.
topography, critical natural area, or
existing development which prohibits
a connection; and,
c. A pedestrian connection has been
provided through the dead end for
active transportation connectivity.

Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure
dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
Example of a mid-block Picture of an existing
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen
pedestrian connection with pedestrian connection at a
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit animdead
id end street. The UDM
landscape strips along both
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd
sides ofdereud.
the walkway, similar require these to include
to the requirements of the additional landscaping.
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
UDM
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

3-6
D. Street Pattern
Refer to Section 10-
Alternatives Landscaping & Public
Spaces, for landscape
1. The following alternative street provided by rear
designs are prefered to cul-de- laneways only. design requirements.
sacs or dead ends, and may Pedestrian courts
Example of a crescent
be permitted to supplement shall not exceed one
the street layout based on block in length. design.
overall design merit of the
development proposal: 2. The central common
a. Crescent: a crescent is a green space between
semicircular shaped road opposing house fronts
with a central planting in a pedestrian court
island extending from the arrangement shall
local road and provides a provide a minimum of
through connection to the 20m between
local road. The central facing rows of
space within the crescent buildings.
shall be landscaped as an
aesthetic amenity. The
landscaping of the central Example of a pedestrian
space may include Low court design.
Impact Development (LID)
type stormwater facilities.
The dimensions of the
cresent shall be
determined by the Town.
b. Pedestrian court: a
pedestrian court consists
of houses facing a central
common green space
extending from the local
road. Vehicluar access is

3-7
D. Street Pattern
Alternatives
3. Pedestrian courts shall
contain:
a. Pedestrian walkways to
provide access to the
building entrances;
b. Trees and shrubs to define
the walkway and common
space of the pedestrian
court; and,
c. Landscape materials that
define the edge between
the semi-public pedestrian
court and public street
and/or sidewalks.

4. The design and arrangement


of the pedestrian court
elements should give the Common space between
impression of the area as a buildings in a pedestrian
unified space; landscaping court arrangement. The
may not be used to delineate UDM requires this to be a
separate, or private front yards minimum of 20m between
within the pedestrian court.
buildings.
5. Walkway materials, porches, Source: Tort, Gallas, and
and foundation planting may Partners
be used to defined the
separate entrances of the
buildings fronting the
pedestrian court.

3-8
E. Internal Thoroughfares
1. Public and private of the destination, and/or
thoroughfares internal to additional safety
developments shall be: measures shall be
See Section 6-Site
a. Aligned with the street integrated at the
network; and, pedestrian crossings to Layout for related
b. Shall conform to the street improve safety. Relying requirements.
pattern and landscape only on these measures
standards of the UDM. may not be permitted
when other site
2. Parking lots shall be designed arrangements are practical.
with a clear hierarchy of
circulation as follows: 4. Pavement markings and
a. Major entry thoroughfares directional signs shall be
with no parking (these shall provided on site to clarify
meet the requirements of 1 vehicular movement
above); patterns.
b. Primary circulation lanes
This illustration shows the
with little or no parking; 5. Thoroughfares,
and, circulation lanes and hierarchy of vehicle travel
c. Parking maneuvering lanes maneuvering lanes, and lanes on a large site:
for direct access to vehicular accesses Red: major entry
parking spaces. shall not exceed the
dimensions necessary thoroughfare;
3. Major entry thoroughfares to meet the intended Orange: primary circulation
through parking areas shall be design speeds. lanes;
located in such a manner as to
minimize the number of Yellow: parking
pedestrian crossings required maneuvering lanes
when traveling from parking
spaces to primary entrances

3-9
F. Laneways
1. Laneway access is an acceptable 2. Where laneways are used to provide characteristics associated with their
component of the street pattern and may vehicle access for housing fronting water function.
be required based on development courses; the waterfront; open spaces;
design, use, and site characteristics to: and parks; pedestrian access shall be 4. Laneways may be required to be
a. Improve the visual quality of a provided to lot frontages as per UDM privately owned and maintained.
streetscape; Section 8-Active Transportation and
b. Create window streets; Section 10-Landscaping & Public
c. Create frontage onto open spaces, Spaces.
river or stream corridors, or parks;
and/or, 3. The design of laneways shall address
d. To provide service access to issues associated with building access, Lot
commercial and industrial areas. snow storage, parking access, and other arrangements that
front park spaces are
addressed in Section 4-
Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure Subdivisions, and
dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore Section 5-Lots.
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
cillum. Tia
Thenon ob ea soluad
residences incommodA quae
in this picture egen
laneway cillum.
is used Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen
between
ium improb
havefugiend. Officia
rear laneway deserunt
access and mollit anim id and
the residential ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
est laborum
front Et harumd
onto dereud.
the park; est
commercial land laborum
uses in this Et harumd dereud.
improving natural example. Source: Google
Consectetuer arcu ipsum
surveillance ornare
of the park andpellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum
This ornare
drawing pellentesque
shows the site
vehicula,creating
in vehicula
more diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
attractive arrangement for a single-unit
streetscapes not dominated residence that fronts the open
by garages and driveways. space and has laneway access
for vehicles.
Source: Google

3-10
G. Traffic Calming
1. Thoroughfares and streets 4. Lane widths for parking lot
shall be correctly designed for primary circulation lanes, and
their intended target and parking maneuvering lanes,
design speeds for their shall not be oversized and
intended purpose. Target and shall be designed for the
design speeds, and lane minimum widths necessary to
widths for streets, shall be meet the intended travel
determined by the Town. design speed; necessary
parking maneuvering; and to
2. Additional traffic calming may maximize the safety for
be integrated into pedestrians.
developments as necessary.
Traffic calming designs shall
correspond to the appropriate
engineering standards and
must be approved by the
Town.

3. Curb extensions may be


required on streets entering
residential developments.
These shall be designed to:
a. Improve pedestrian safety
through reduced crossing
distances;
b. To reduce vehicle speeds; Example of a traffic calming Example of curb extensions on a Example of a traffic calming
and, speed table with school crossing neighbourhood street. traffic circle in a residential area.
c. Include a combination of signage and pavement markings Source: Dan Burden Traffic calming designs must be
landscape and hard for the crossing.
surface elements to reviewed and approved by the
improve aesthetics. Source: Dan Burden Town.

Source: Heather Bowden

3-11
A. Layout 4-2 Purpose
B. Parks & Open Spaces 4-3 The following standards address the
C. Neighbourhood Centre Park 4-5 design of subdivisions and are intended
D. Perimeter 4-7 to provide attractive, healthy and safe
neighbourhoods and transportation
E. Subdivision Gateway 4-9 networks which support active
transportation.
The requirements of this Section are
intended to: promote protection and
access to natural features, open space
and cultural landscapes; facilitate active
transportation and connections to
neighbouring uses; and, create visually
attractive neighbourhoods.
These standards will guide new
subdivision layout to be suited to, and
maximize, the positive attributes of
natural features of the area so that new
subdivisions continue Collingwood’s
prevalent development pattern, of
walkable blocks and an interconnected
and human-scaled network of
thoroughfares punctuated by open
spaces and parks of varying types.

4-1
A. Layout
1. Subdivisions shall be designed in peripheral, open space and rural lands, to parks, community amenities, or
patterns of interconnecting streets, by well-defined street edges so that civic uses and buildings, and
defined by buildings, open space and developed areas will transition very collector and arterial streets; and,
parks, landscaping, and pedestrian ways. quickly to rural, undeveloped lands, b. Land use and density changes
promoting a clear sense of place. should transition in rear yards, or in
2. Subdivisions should use street layout adjacent blocks, as opposed to
and lot sizes, shapes and orientations to 4. The arrangement of lots for different facing blocks across streets, as
facilitate a mix of housing types and the types of residential densities and/or uses much as practical to maintain
efficient use and conservation of energy, should meet the following as much as consistent streetscapes.
with particular attention to maximizing practical:
passive solar energy. a. Residential densities should be 5. Land use mixes shall be arranged to
mixed throughout the development maximize the function of all uses, taking
3. Subdivisions shall be designed and with denser residential uses located into account impacts on, and
arranged to be distinguishable from the at the ends of blocks and/or adjacent interrelationships with, adjacent uses;
priority sites; and transportation access.

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magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
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The commercial uses in this Thenon
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quae integration of Tia non obThis
cillum. multi-unit
ea soluad residentialquae egen
incommod An example of land use
example are designed to be incorporates features required sidewalks, a park, and development shares a transition on an adjacent
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
complementary to the by the UDM, for example: walkway connection through boundary with a park. The block, as opposed to across
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
residential uses in terms of modified grid pattern; lots the park make this area more residential units front the the street. Source: Canada
building materials and Consectetuer
frontingarcu
County/Municipal safe by increasing
ipsum ornare pellentesque activity
Consectetuer park
arcu and aornare
ipsum pedestrian
pellentesque Lands Company
masses. Source: Canada border; and, lots fronting open and providing natural walkway is provided.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
Lands Company space & park. surveillance opportunities.

4-2
B. Parks & Open Spaces Section 10-
Landscaping &
1. Parks and open spaces shall 3. Lot patterns, park locations, Public Spaces defines
be located to establish an and pedestrian connections
requirements for mid-
interconnected system to: shall be developed to
support pedestrian movement provide convenient block pedestrian
throughout the development access to parks from connections.
or neighbourhood; act as homes within Drawing of the area served
activity nodes; and, to function subdivisions with the by the park based on
as visual and physical focal following walking distance. Note that
points within the community. characteristics: a straight line measurement
a. No residence shall for access to parks will not
2. Small parks shall be integrated be more than 400m
be used in evaluating access,
into the lot pattern with priority walking distance to
given to: a park or active and that actual walking
a. Priority sites; and, open space; and, distance will be used, as
b. Mid-block locations along b. Mid-block illustrated.
long streets. pedestrian
connections, shall
be used to provide
access where
necessary. A higher density residential
area adjacent to a park
which acts as a focal point.

Source: Boris Feldblyum for


Lessard Group, Inc.

4-3
B. Parks and Open Spaces
4. Parks shall not be hidden from
view from the street or
neighbouring uses.

5. Parks shall be designed as per


Section 10-Landscaping & An example of a
Public Spaces of the UDM. neighbourhood with an
interconnected system of
6. Parks should be designed to open spaces, parks, and
take advantage of climate trails. This provides
conditions as much as
pedestrian connections,
practical by:
a. Sheltering users from improved aesthetics, access
winter winds through to nature, and a unifying
orientation and landscape sense of place for the
design; and, neighbourhood.
b. Maximizing sun access
throughout the park with Source: Google
southern exposure and
appropriately designed Multi-unit residences
and located landscape fronting a neighbourhood
elements, and park centre park. Vehicle access is
features and amenities. provided through a rear
laneway.

Source: Google

4-4
C. Neighbourhood Centre Park Section 10-
1. For residential and/or mixed- 2. In addition to the requirements Landscape & Public
use projects where the of UDM Section 10- Spaces defines
parkland dedication is 1.5ha or Landscaping & Public requirements for park
greater, the first priority for Spaces, neighbourhood designs.
park development shall be to centre parks shall have
design these as the following specific A neighbourhood centre
neighbourhood centre parks. characteristics as park in a medium density
These shall be designed as permitted by the size residential area.
activity nodes, and to provide and intended program of
Source: Ontario Ministry of
an identity for the the park:
neighborhood, reinforcing the a. Be visually and/or Energy and Infrastructure
centre as a symbolic and functionally located
spatial heart of a in the centre of the
neighbourhood (with a project or
minimum size of 1.5 ha in neighbourhood;
area). IND NRSub b. Where possible
located adjacent to
natural features such
as watercourses, or
community An example of a shelter
institutions such as structure that could be
places of worship effectively used in a
and civic buildings/ neighbourhood centre park
sites;
to help define the space.
c. Where possible
parkland should be Source: Peter French
associated with
naturalized SWM
pond facilities to
provide greater
green space
impact;

4-5
C. Neighbourhood Centre Park Community
Garden & Natural
d. They shall incorporate a Play Space design
public art installation requirements are
(typically expected to be a described in Section
responsibility of the Town, 10-Landscaping &
or perhaps a public-private Public spaces.
partnership); There are features of these
e. Shall incorporate a natural parks that are addressed by
play space as per UDM the UDM, for example: street
Section 10-Landscape & frontage provided for the
Public Spaces; park spaces; neighbouring
f. Include a landscape
homes face their fronts
design that defines the
park edges, entrance toward the park, with
points, and defines vehicular access from rear
different use areas; and, laneways; and, areas of the
g. Street frontage on at least park are defined by the
one side with additional
landscaping and walkways.
pedestrian walkway
access to streets on at The UDM allows sidewalks
least three other sides; along park frontages to be
h. Open turf areas for pulled in from the road’s
unstructured play and edge and integrated into the
passive uses;
overall park design as
i. Designed areas for
gatherings or exhibition shown in the top
space; and, photograph.
j. May include community Source: Google
gardens as per UDM
Section 10-Landscape &
Public Spaces.

4-6
D. Perimeter
1. Subdivision perimeters should depending on the overall
be designed so as to minimize design merit and
architectural or land use connectivity to other
incompatibility on adjacent parks or active
properties and, conversely, of transportation
adjacent land use and infrastructure. Pictured is an example of a
development characteristics IND NRSub development pattern that is
on the subdivision. similar to that required by
3. A parallel service street the UDM for the urban-rural
2. Subdivisions bordered by that addresses arterial interface: residences with
arterial streets shall either: streets may be
laneway vehicular access;
a. Create blocks that run permitted by the Town
perpendicular to these for high density sidewalk; and, street trees.
streets; or, residential Source: Urban Design
b. Provide laneway access to developments. As a Associates
residences fronting the minimum, service
arterial; or, streets running parallel
c. Provide a landscape strip to arterial streets shall
of minimum 15m in depth be designed to be
along lot sides adjacent to separated from the Illustration of a service
the arterial street corridor arterial by a minimum street arrangement, which
which contains a 3m wide 10m landscape strip may be permitted for higher
pedestrian walkway that contains: density residential
running its entire length a. A sidewalk; developments along arterial
and meets the UDM b. Landscaped planter
screening requirements of streets.
bed of at least 3m
Section 10-Landscape & wide on each side
Public Spaces. In some of the sidewalk;
instances portions of this and,
area may be included as
part of the parkland
dedication calculation

4-7
D. Perimeter
c. Street trees planted in 6. In industrial areas a landscape
both planter beds with buffer shall be provided along
10m spacing. the urban-rural interface
as per UDM Section
4. A transition in lot and street 10-Landscaping &
pattern along the urban-rural Public Spaces. Residences fronting an
interface shall be required at arterial street with laneway
County/Town borders, and access to reduce the number
shall be created with any of driveways accessing the
combination of: arterial street.
a. Street end views of rural
areas;
b. Reverse frontage lots that
overlook and front
buildings toward County
lands;
c. Parks along development
edges adjacent to County
lands; and/or,
d. Other similar strategies This drawing shows a shift
that may be approved by in the block pattern along
the Town based on design the arterial street so that side
merit. lots face the busy street.
IND NRSub

5. The maximum length of


uninterrupted reverse frontage
lots should not exceed 150m;
or exceed 30% of the total
frontage along an arterial road
streetscape for a particular
project.

4-8
E. Subdivision Gateway
The following standards for subdivision landscaping that enhances the 4. Signage in gateway/entrance spaces
gateway/entrance spaces are intended to design concept of the development shall be limited to the following
ensure that when they are used, these act and streetscape and acts as a maximum dimensions: height - 1.5m;
as landmarks and amenities in the landmark. width - 3m.
community, as opposed to artificial
barriers, implied gates, and advertising. 2. One gateway/entrance space may be 5. Signage shall be manufactured of
These standards are applicable to all permitted for each development and materials that are long lasting, and fitting
subdivisions and also multi-unit residential shall be limited to 10m X 10m in area. with the aesthetics of the streetscape
and mixed-use developments which (primarily metal, natural stone, brick, and
choose to incorporate these gateway/ decorative block).
entrance spaces.
6. Gateway/entrance spaces shall
1. Gateway/entrance spaces should be incorporate aesthetically designed
designed to be landmarks and pocket landscape features and pedestrian
parks with signage being subordinate to amenities including the following:
overall functional and design attributes. a. Landscape areas and/or raised
These shall be designed with the planters;
following intents (these may be b. Shade tree(s);
integrated with other adjacent site c. Seating; and,
amenities): d. Orientation signs as part of a
a. To add to the aesthetics of the wayfinding system indicating active
streetscape; transportation routes.
b. To provide parklike landscaping;
The illustration above shows an example of how
c. To provide pedestrian oriented 7. Gateway/entrance spaces should be
amenities as appropriate and gateway/entrance features may be designed. located on the side of the street or
effective for the location, such as: entrance most appropriate for a
transit stops; seating; and, shade bus stop.
trees; 3. Subdivision gateway/entrance spaces
d. To add to the wayfinding of the may be enhanced with landscaped
community with distinctive designs, spaces on the opposite side of the street
signage, and maps; and, which face the gateway/entrance space.
e. To mark the entrance to the
development with signage and

4-9
E. Subdivision Gateway
8. When sufficient right-of-way is provided, b. An additional row of street trees
additional entrance enhancements may adjacent to sidewalks with:
be incorporated in the design of other i. A minimum distance along the
streets entering a subdivision as per the street of 30m;
following: ii. An optional monument sign
a. A centre island landscape boulevard, meeting the design restrictions 5
with: above, in one of the landscape
i. A minimum planter length of boulevards, set back at least 10m
20m; and, from the intersection, and with a
ii. An optional monument sign in the maximum height of 1m and width
centre island boulevard meeting of 2m.
the design restrictions of number
5 above with a maximum height
of 1m; or,

Landscape
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Landscaping & Public
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis Spaces.
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
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An illustration of aTia
centre Example of a centre island
cillum. non ob ea Drawing of an entrance
soluad incommod quae egen An example
cillum. Tia of
nonan ob
entrance
ea soluad incommod quae egen
island boulevard entrance enhanced with additional street design with additional landscape entrance feature.
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
feature. street trees in the landscape street trees. Source: Dan Burden
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
bed/boulevard. Source: Dan Burden
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

4-10
A. Configuration 5-2 Purpose
B. Lots as Priority Sites 5-3 The size, shape and arrangement of lots
C. Neighbourhood Centre Park defines the framework from which many
Arrangement 5-5 site specific development requirements
are based. This is because Zoning By-
D. Narrow Lots 5-6 law restrictions, many of the
requirements of the UDM, and other
applicable regulations are based on
property boundaries, for example:
building setbacks, development density
and lot coverage.
The intent of this Section is to guide lot
configuration and designs that are fitting
with existing community character;
suitable for intended uses and
development type; create urban
development patterns that support active
transportation and a healthy community;
ensure a positive relationship between
adjacent uses and, facilitate eventual
adaptive reuse, infill and redevelopment
in the long term as Collingwood evolves.

5-1
A. Configuration
The requirements of
1. The size, shape, and b. Create development sites
Section 4-Subdivisions
orientation of lots shall meet that are appropriately
the requirements of the sized, proportioned, and are closely related to
applicable Zoning oriented for their intended this Section.
classification and shall be use and to support the
appropriate for the type of uses of public spaces; and,
development and use c. Support integration of
contemplated. other amenities, uses, and
spaces such as water
2. Lots shall be shaped to courses, waterfront, trails,
facilitate effective use and parks, public spaces, and
development. Generally, the neighbouring uses.
depth of the lot should not be
more than three times the 6. Irregularly shaped lots may be
width of the lot, and of a permitted to respond to:
regular shape. a. Topography and natural
features;
3. Side lot lines shall be at right b. Block pattern shifts;
angles to street lines or radial c. For the creation of
to curved street lines, and no focal points or Drawing of lots fronting a
more than 15 degrees from public spaces such park from a pedestrian’s
perpendicular to the front as parks; perspective. The UDM
property line. d. Priority sites; and, describes specific
e. Existing
requirements for pedestrian
4. Side and rear lot lines shall be development.
straight, or composed of walkways in these
straight line elements. arrangements.

5. Lots shall be arranged in a


manner that:
a. Address and create public
spaces;

5-2
B. Priority Sites & Bridgeheads
Based on their prominent location such as and intersections of pairs of arterial Bridgeheads
at intersections, or street ends, and streets; The following bridgehead standards intend
transitions such as bridgeheads, some c. Lots located at bridgeheads of to:
sites have an inherently heightened bridges over 25m in length; a. Maintain and create public views of
potential to add to the visual and functional d. Lots created as central/focal points waterways;
form of the community through their of a larger arrangement of lots based b. Reinforce and enhance the
orientation and the design of development on the pattern of the entire group; experience of crossing waterways to
on these sites. e. Lots with a physical prominence over help define sense of place; and,
others due to topography; c. Improve active transportation
1. Priority sites shall f. Lots with identified heritage connections.
integrate design features; and,
elements and g. Lots whose proposed 3.Pedestrian (and bicycle
features into their development is a use of a ways where right-of-way
site arrangement, Section 7-Buildings civic nature, including: permits) shall be
Section 3-Streets
landscape design, defines specific library; town hall; school; provided across all
describes provisions
and architectural requirements hospital; community centre; bridges. Pedestrian
related to the creation
design, that associated with municipal walkways shall be
of Priority SItes.
highlight and/or Priority Sites. offices; municipal separated from vehicular
enhance their visual recreational facilities; parks; travel lanes with a
and physical community gardens; place of physical barrier appropriate
prominence and their worship; and, other similar uses. to the traffic volume and
ability to act as orientation speed.
points within the urban fabric of the When designing lot arrangements, priority
community. lots shall be positioned and sized to allow 4. Bridges with over a 25m span shall
for additional landscaping, site layout, and incorporate places for pedestrians to
2. The following shall be considered priority architectural embellishments as required by stop and view the surrounding
sites for the purposes of the UDM: the UDM to take advantage of their environment at the midway or peak
a. Lots located at the terminus of a prominent location. IND NRSub elevation of the bridge, or at the
street that runs the length of 2 or foot of the bridge as most
more block frontages; appropriate.
b. Lots located at the intersections of
collector streets with arterial streets

5-3
B. Priority Sites & Bridgeheads
5. Vehicular oriented signage shall be note and relate to the waterway. The
provided on bridges that identifies the public art should be of a scale as to be
waterway or natural feature being visible from vehicles as well as
crossed. pedestrians; be durable and low
maintenance; and, of materials that are
6. Public art shall be integrated into the fitting with the site and overall bridge
design of bridges. This may be achieved design.
with such details as decorative
handrails, concrete stamping or inlay, tile
work, or with sculpture located at the
foot or midpoint of the bridge for Section 7-
example. The subject of the art should Buildings defines
reflect the natural environment, or specific requirements
historic event(s) that may have been of for architectural
considerations on
priority sites.
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magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
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non obThis
This picture shows the Tia
basic large multiple lane
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. ea soluad incommod quae egen
types of priority sites defined bridge is designed with a
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
This building uses a corner by the UDM: collector and dedicated pedestrian
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
facing entrance, sculpted arterial street crossroads; walkway that is physically
building facade, and wrap street ends; andConsectetuer
bridgehead separated from traffic as per
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
around canopy to address the sites. the UDM requirements.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
corner priority site as per the Source: Dan Burden
UDM. Source: Peter French
5-4
C. Neighbourhood Centre Park Arrangement
1. Where a neighbourhood centre park has c. A minimum of one side of the park
been provided as per Section 4- shall have street frontage with a
Subdivisions: minimum frontage of 20m.
a. Surrounding lots shall be arranged so
that their frontages face the park, 2. For reverse frontage lots facing a
taking advantage of its value as an neighbourhood centre park, a pedestrian
amenity and ensuring natural walkway shall be provided along the
surveillance; and, shared property line and shall be
b. For park sides without street access, designed as per UDM Section Ten.
pedestrian connections shall be
provided between lots to the next
street frontage; and,

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
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Tia non obAn
eaexample
soluad of
This photo shows an Neighbourhood centre parks residences
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. incommod quae egen
arrangement where a shall include street frontage fronting a neighbourhood
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pedestrian walkway is and may include housing centre park (across the r-o-w)
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
provided along lots fronting fronting onto the park. Where with a dedicated parking lane
a park arcu
spaceipsum
as would be pellentesque
this is the case, Consectetuer provided adjacent to the
an enhanced arcu
Consectetuer ornare ipsum ornare pellentesque
required by the UDM. walkway and landscaping park.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
Source: Peter French shall be provided. Source: Dan Burden

5-5
D. Narrow Lots
1. To reduce the visual impact of
garages and driveways along
residential streetscapes with
many narrow lots, and/or
townhouses, laneways may be
required to provide vehicle
access and parking if garages
would be in excess of 50% of
the building’s primary frontage
facade width.

2. The residential units in these


areas shall front on the main
street, not the laneway.

Example of narrow lot


development with rear laneway
access for vehicles.

A rowhouse arrangement where


garages are provided in the rear.
Source: Peter French

5-6
A. Streetscape 6-2 Purpose
B. Parking 6-5 The site layout requirements are intended
C. Structures Fronting to facilitate designs that are contextually
Laneways 6-8 appropriate and highly livable, through the
successful arrangement and integration of
D. Arterial Corridors 6-9 uses; transportation facilities; landscape;
E. Relationship of Uses 6-10 public spaces; and, buildings.
F. Site Character 6-11
G. Patios & Dining Areas 6-12
H. Outdoor Display & Retail 6-13
I. Industrial Outdoor Display 6-15
J. Open Areas 6-16
K. Outdoor Amenity Space 6-17
L. Building Service Uses 6-20
M. Restrooms 6-21
N. Utilities 6-22
O. Lighting 6-23
P. Trash and Recycling 6-24
Q. Campus Designs 6-25
R. Snow Storage/Melt 626
R. Stormwater Management
Facilities 6-27

6-1
A. Streetscape
1. All development (including subdivisions) 3. Interior uses such as seating areas, 4. Multiple-unit residential developments
shall be arranged to address streets, employee rooms, offices, waiting areas may position building frontages behind
excepting laneways, as window streets, and lobbies, which have the potential for the setback line, provided the increased
by lining streets with building front clear windows, should be located along setback area is designed to enhance the
facades, active uses, and public spaces. street-facing walls with functional streetscape with increased landscaping
IND windows and entrances. and/or pedestrian amenities (such as
with street trees, seating areas,
2. Buildings shall line streets with decorative pavement,
commercial/retail, office space, living and raised planters
units, or other active uses; and with for example).
functional windows and entrances,
rather than parking lots, garages, or
blank walls. Section 7-Buildings
describes requirements
for blank walls.

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
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egen garage a non obAn
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quae egen
along a street frontage, located in the rear of the site residential subdivision, enhanced by storefront building facade is designed
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
bordered on two sides by to allow commercial uses to similar to that required by the display windows in a to address the street as a
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
buildings as is required by be located along the street UDM to provide streetscape supermarket. window street, with
the UDM. frontage.
Consectetuer diversity.
arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum
Source: ornare pellentesque functional windows and
Google
entrances.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
Source: Dimitri Barsky

6-2
A. Streetscape
5. Buildings shall not be permitted to face 8. Building masses on one site should 9. Variation of
their loading or service areas onto relate to those on neighbouring sites to development Section 7-
existing or planned parks, civic buildings create a coherent streetwall by patterns Buildings has a
and spaces, or public right-of-way. extending the street grid lines and within number of
Based on design merit and the use of building setback lines to define building residential requirements
screening, alternative configurations may envelopes. IND subdivisions
associated with the
be permitted. is required to
achieve visual Streetscape
6. Screening/noise attenuation fencing shall diversity and Subsection.
not be permitted along residential avoid
subdivision boundaries nor along monotonous
collector streets in arrangements streetscapes. A minimum of one of
where they form the principle feature the following techniques shall be
as viewed from the street. They may incorporated into project design to
be permitted along arterial streets achieve streetscape diversity:
based on need and design merit, with a. Varied Front Setbacks - Each long
particular attention to aesthetic block frontage with residential units
characteristics, integration of facing the street shall contain at
landscape and decorative fencing least 25% of the houses whose
materials, and the overall quality of front setback is a minimum of 1.5m
the streetscape design resulting from greater than the others; or,
their use. b. Varied Garage Placement - Each
long block frontage with residential
An example of a large site where multiple buildings
7. Buildings should be oriented parallel units facing the street shall contain
to the street centre line and create a 90 are arranged to address streets with active uses; at least one house whose garage
degree grid pattern with other adjacent and, parking areas are located behind buildings and placement is designed for side
buildings. Groups of buildings or those away from the streets. entrance; or,
creating courtyards may be permitted
Source: Canada Lands Company
to vary from this requirement to create
site differentiation based on design
merit.

6-3
A. Streetscape
c. Laneway access - provide vehicular
access to at least 20% of
subdivision lots through laneways;
or,
d. Rear Yard Garages - Each long
block frontage with residential units
facing the street shall contain at
least one house whose garage is
placed in the rear yard.

Townhouse (attached), and apartment-style


residential developments, or blocks, are
exempt.

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
Decorative pavement cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non obThe
Example of how varied ea use of laneway
soluad accessquae
incommod in An example of a courtyard
egen
material, and landscape setbacks can be implemented this subdivision layout helps space with street trees to help
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
planters define the entrance to create visual interest along achieve the requirements for define the streetwall.
est laborum Et harumd dereud. An example of aest laborum Et harumd dereud.
courtyard
area and sidewalk adjacent to residential streets as per the street interest as per the Source: Google
design with the building
this multiple-unit residential UDM.
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer UDM.
facades facing the courtyard arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
building.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
designed vehicula,
to provide in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
interest.
Source: Google Source: Peter French

6-4
B. Parking
The design of parking shall be based on pedestrian ways; and, with no more overall plan for large developments such
the proposition that parking is not an end in parking stalls than is necessary to as commercial or retail centres, business
itself; its purpose is to support/generate a comply with the Zoning By-law; as and industrial parks, and institutional
pedestrian environment where people and opposed to poorly defined asphalted campuses. These shall:
cars mix under controlled circumstances spaces whose only control mechanism is a. Meet the landscape standards
that favour the person on foot. provided by parking stall markings. defined in Section 10-Landscaping &
Public Spaces; and,
Note: Items 4. and 5. below shall not be 2. Surface parking shall be located behind b. Shall be located and designed to
combined. buildings, and accessed from an have minimal impact on the
laneway where practical, except as streetscape in terms of disruptions to
1. Parking lots shall be configured, outlined in this Section. DR IND a continuous streetwall defined by
designed and landscaped as well buildings, active uses,
defined areas linked to a particular 3. Large parking lots may be permitted complementary landscaping
building with safe and convenient along street frontages as part of an and pedestrian amenities.

Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure
dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
An example where retail cillum. Tia
Annon
at-grade
ob eawalkway
soluadwith
incommodExample of priority
quae egen Tia non obExample
parking
cillum. of aincommod
ea soluad stormwater quae egen
Example of a development
buildings are located along pavement markings, special provided along a street management bioswale used with liner shops around a
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
the street, and parking is materials, and using shy frontage. The UDM defines in a parking lot. parking garage.
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
provided behind the space around planters to specific provisions for this Source: Google
buildings. delineate
Consectetuer theipsum
arcu pedestrian way.
ornare arrangement ofConsectetuer
pellentesque parking stalls arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
along street frontages.
Source: Google vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
Source: Dan Burden
Source: Dan Burden

6-5
B. Parking
4. Parking and vehicle travel lanes shall not 6. A limited number of parking spaces may street frontage edge of the parking
be located within the front setback area; be located between the building and the area; and,
excepting the portions necessary for: street frontage provided: c. Parking areas may be no closer to
a. Vehicle entrances; a. The project has more than one the street than the building setback.
b. Priority parking stalls for persons building (not including accessory
with disabilities, family, or expectant structures); and, 8. Each site shall have a single car
mother parking; and/or, b. Enhanced landscape screening is entrance designated. Additional
c. Drop-offs for civic uses, uses with provided in a 4m wide landscaped entrances may be permitted provided:
performance spaces, hotels, and planter bed along the primary street a. It is demonstrated to be a
similar uses with high volumes of frontage; and, reasonable option due to site
drop-off arrivals and departures. c. There are no more than conditions or use; and,
two rows of parking b. Design features are used to
The amount of area, and number of between the front of Landscape ensure that potential impacts
spaces, permitted to be dedicated to the the main building and design requirements to pedestrian walkways, and
above uses shall be determined by the the street; and, for parking areas are site character are mitigated.
proposal’s design merit and function. d. At least one defined in Section 1-
pedestrian walkway Landscaping & Public 9.Access to parking shall be
5. For commercial and mixed use projects, from the frontage from laneways where one
Spaces.
surface parking may be located beside a sidewalk to the building exists or can be provided, and
building along the primary street entrance must be from the side or minor frontage
frontage provided: enhanced with additional streets where practical.
a. It does not take up more than 30% landscaping. DR
of the lot frontage or 30m which ever 10.Where practical, vehicular access to
is less; and, 7. On industrial sites, parking may be parking areas between adjacent
b. It is no closer to the street than the permitted along a maximum of 50% of properties should be shared, to reduce
front of the building; and, the site frontage with the following: the extent of interruption along the
c. Enhanced parking lot screening as a. The requirements of UDM Section sidewalk and the streetscape.
per Section 10-Landscaping & Public 10-Landscaping & Public Spaces
Spaces is provided; and, shall be met; and, 11.Parking areas shall be
d. The parking area should be bounded b. Enhanced parking lot screening designed to include direct and
by buildings on at least two sides as which includes double rows of street safe pedestrian linkages while
much as is practical. trees must be provided along the maintaining pedestrian safety,
comfort and access.

6-6
B. Parking
12.Paving shall be reduced to the minimum 15.Up to 25% of the parking lot may be 17.Parallel parking spaces shall be
necessary to accomplish site circulation designated and configured for compact bounded by curb bulb-outs with the
and parking needs with other areas set car parking stalls. These shall be following characteristics:
aside for landscaping, or pedestrian appropriately signed. a. These shall extend out to the edge of
amenity spaces. 16. Parking structures shall: the parking space;
a. Be lined with habitable floor area b. These should not be included on
13.Gated parking lots shall be designed to with a minimum depth of 7m along public roads unless specifically
prevent traffic queuing onto the street. window street frontages (This is only required or approved by the Town;
required along the ground floor level); c. On private streets, no more than six
14.When head-on parking is directly or, parallel parking stalls may be
adjacent to a wall, a 2m landscaped b. Integrated into the design of the arranged in a row without a bulb-out
planter bed shall be provided. building for the use it is serving while as per the above; and,
providing visual interest along street d. Landscaping should be included in
frontages. these where practical.

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
An example where the cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum.and
Image of landscaping Tia non obExample of an
ea soluad aesthetically
incommod Drawing of maximum
quae egen
parking lot area is no closer pedestrian infrastructure appealing approach to parking area permitted along
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
to the street than the building located within a parking area providing pavement street frontage for industrial
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
setback. The UDM requires A large commercial centre as may be required by the markings. sites.
additional landscaping toConsectetuer
whose arcu ipsum
parking has been UDM.
ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum
Source: ornare
Peter pellentesque
French
what is shown in this image. divided into a number of
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat Peter
Source: felis French
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
Source: Google smaller areas. Source: Google

6-7
C. Structures Fronting a
Laneway
1. Structures fronting a laneway
should allow for visual
connections from within
properties to the laneway for
safety.

2. Multi-unit residential garage


buildings fronting laneways
shall:
a. Be limited to six bays in The parking garages fronting the laneway
width; in this residential development are
b. Have a minimum 3m provided in separate buildings, similar to
separation provided the requirements of the UDM.
between every six garage
bays; and, Source: Google
c. Include roof pitches that
help define separate
garage buildings.

3. Laneway building entrances


should be designed to
encourage pedestrian access.

4. The location and arrangement


of structures fronting laneways
shall take snow storage and
removal into account.

6-8
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D. Arterial
dolor inCorridors
reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna
1. Along all arterial road andaliqua.
highwayUt enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
corridors the minimum building
nostrud facade
exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
height shall be defined by a building
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
mass of two storeys or 7m (not including
reprehenderit
roof) to provide a more in voluptate velit esse molestaie
human scaled reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
cillum. Tia non
relationship between the proportions ob eaof
soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen
the street width and iumbuilding
improb heights: DR deserunt mollit anim id
fugiend. Officia ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.

Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare
Minimummagna eratheights
building felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
are required
along arterial road and highway corridors,
to help create a more pedestrian-scaled
srteetscape such as in this image.

Source: Ontario Ministry of Energy and


Infrastructure

6-9
E. Relationship of Uses
1. To avoid unnecessary segregation of 3. Buildings groups should be arranged
uses, developments shall not rely on such that they define streets and
blank walls and fencing as the primary outdoor spaces, versus a collection of
means to avoid possible negative separate development pods. DR IND
impacts on neighbours.

2. A combination of landscaping;
compatible building massing, façade
design and detailing; and, use of public
spaces shall be the methods used to
reduce negative impacts and transition
between developments and
neighbouring uses.

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
Tia non obLarge
Drawing illustrating sensitive Building arranged to define commercial complex
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. ea soluad incommod quae egen
design for site layout. The common spaces between with pedestrian connections
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
buildings address the street, them, and to allow for direct throughout and linking to the
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
do not turn their backs to pedestrian connections. The multiple-unit residential
neighbouring uses; and, thepellentesque
parking lot serves all development
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
parking area is centrally buildings and is set to the Source: Google
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
located. rear of the site.

6-10
F. Site Character
1. To help promote differentiation and e. Roll-up or large operable windows
character, developments over 1,500 and doors adjacent to outdoor
square metres in floor area shall seating areas;
incorporate at least two of the following f. Landscaped trellises or other
where appropriate: decorative element that incorporate
a. Decorative walkway patterning and/ landscaping near the main building
or materials that are different from entry;
the public sidewalk; g. Decorative entry features;
b. Public art feature(s); h. Decorative bike shelter; or,
c. Decorative wall-mounted or i. Decorative street furniture/functional
freestanding light fixtures for elements.
pedestrian ways; DR IND
d. Decorative metal fencing;

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
An example of a bus shelter Annon
cillum. Tia example
ob eaof soluad
a decorative
incommodDecorative
quae egen design for Tia non obSite
cillum. eacharacter can be
soluad incommod An example of public art.
quae egen
as public art that would meet functional element. functional elements such as enhanced with amenities
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit animSource:id Amnisiac on Flickr
the sitecCharacter this curb, planter and grate such as the unique bike
Source:
est laborum Et Nozoomii on Flickr
harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
requirements of the UDM. for a stormwater rain garden, shelter design shown here;
can be integrated
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque into a site
Consectetuer with
arcu features
ipsum suchpellentesque
ornare as: bike
to create a unique character. racks shaped as whale tail
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
silhouettes; decorative wood
work; and glass block details.
6-11
G. Patios & Dining Areas
1. Patios and dining areas shall be generally open and visible from public is maintained and the design is generally
designed to create a compatible and areas. Landscape and fence materials fitting with the streetscape.
complementary relationship with defining the boundaries of these areas
adjacent streetscapes, building shall be no greater than 1.25m in height 4. Rooftop patios that are elevated more
architecture and uses. This includes size excepting accent features that may be of than 3m above grade should be
and proportion to neighbouring site greater height. Wood, chain link, or vinyl designed to restrict views to and from
elements; materials; and landscape fencing is not permitted for this purpose. directly adjacent residential areas. DR
design. DR MUR IND MUR IND
DR MUR IND
3. Changes in elevation and/or, raised
2. Outdoor dining areas shall be well planting beds and planters, may be used
defined by landscaping and/or to define the edge of a patio or outdoor
decorative metal fencing, and/or other dining area, provided barrier-free access
vertical barriers, while still being

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
Tia non obAn
eaoutdoor
soluaddining
Use of trellis and fencing to Image illustrating sensitive area
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. incommod quae egen
define an outdoor dining design of outdoor patio using defined by fencing and
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
area. decorative natural materials landscaping.
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
and glass to define the space. Source: Peter French
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

6-12
H. Outdoor Display &
Retail
1. Required parking and loading areas shall d. Fencing around these areas visible 3. Small outdoor display areas adjacent to
not be permitted for use as outdoor from public areas shall be no more walkways and building facades shall
display or product retail, including than 3m in height and shall be meet the following:
vending machines. decorative in design. a. The maximum depth of the display
e. These areas shall be hard surfaced; area shall be 3m;
2. Limited outdoor product display and and, b. Displays shall not obstruct windows,
product retail areas may be permitted display cases, or other building
provided the following are met: openings; and,
a. These areas shall be visible and c. Display areas shall be
clearly defined from other areas raised to sidewalk
within the site through any height.
combination of:
i. Landscape treatments such as
open colonnades, pergola,
courtyards, raised plazas or
borders of planting such as low
hedges; and/or,
ii. Architectural or landscape
design which defines areas
adjacent to building facades or
as an extension of a building Drawing of outdoor display area showing features
façade such as overhead required by the UDM.
canopies and awnings; and,
extensions of building
components;
b. These areas shall be raised at least f. Where such areas face a street and
to sidewalk height; are over 120m2 they shall:
c. These areas shall not be used i. Include a minimum 2m wide
primarily as storage; landscaped planter bed on the
side facing the street.

6-13
H. Outdoor Display &
Retail
4. If included in the development,
vending machines shall be
located in designated areas
Security fencing around a
and should be treated as
pedestrian amenities/street storage/display area that
furniture fixtures and properly includes landscaping and is
secured or integrated into site of a material that fits with
or building design. IND the UDM.

The small outdoor display


area here is designed in such
a way that it does not impact
the pedestrian walkway, or
obstruct the display
windows as required by the
UDM.

6-14
I. Industrial Outdoor Display
1. The display of new products
produced in, or distributed by,
an industrial establishment
may be permitted in front of
industrial buildings provided:
a. The display is not the
dominant feature of the
landscape in terms of total
area; and,
b. The display should be
integrated into the
landscape and well
defined through the use of
rockeries, pavers, raised
planters or similar
decorative features.

6-15
J. Open Areas The
requirements of
this and other
1. Open areas shall be grouped
into useable, prominent Sections of the UDM
landscaped areas, rather than must be considered in
equally distributed into their entirety, as they
configurations of low impact are interrelated.
such as at building or site Outdoor spaces, and views
peripheries, or at locations not from within buildings shall
visible from public areas. be arranged and designed to
take advantage of amenities
2. Site layout shall facilitate such as views of natural
physical and visual access to
features as illustrated here.
adjacent or nearby parks,
trails, open spaces, water
courses, waterfront, and
similar public spaces to
reinforce their public profile
and safety.

By arranging buildings to
define outdoor open areas,
and combining these,
opportunities for future infill
and expansion are
facilitated.

6-16
K. Outdoor Amenity Space
1. Each building shall provide 16m2 of 3. Multiple building projects may be 4. Outdoor amenity spaces shall be safe,
human-scaled, pedestrian oriented required to combine the outdoor amenity well-designed spaces with necessary
outdoor amenity space. The Downtown spaces of the various buildings to create landscaping and features, and at
Heritage District is exempt of this activity nodes. These shall: practical locations to act as
requirement. DR a. Be designed as focal features; organizing elements,
b. Be generally centrally located; and, enhance uses, and add to
2. Based on their intended use and c. May be combined with park land the overall function of the
occupancies, buildings, or projects over dedication to create central focal site.
3,000 m2 may be required to provide features of the project.
additional outdoor amenity space to
create activity nodes.

Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure
dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
In this example the outdoor Here is an example Amenity space outside a
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non obofea
an soluad incommod quae egen
amenity space is in the rear of outdoor amenity space that mixed-use facility, including
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
the building, with a uses landscaping and a green space, seating, shade
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
pedestrian link through the structure to define it. trees. The building is
building to the main street designed to provided visual
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer
Source: arcu ipsum ornare
Peter French pellentesque
frontage. access to the outside space as
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
well.

6-17
K. Outdoor Amenity Space
5. Outdoor amenity spaces shall be a. All sides shall be defined by
combined with other site uses and buildings, landscape features, street
features to create activity nodes. trees, or other appropriate means
with similar physical prominence (this
6. Large outdoor amenity spaces may be includes sides open to the street);
required to be at least partially defined and,
by buildings with active uses fronting the b. Where defined by buildings, outdoor
space. amenity space boundaries shall have
active uses with windows and
7. Outdoor amenity spaces shall be pedestrian entrances.
designed with concern for spatial
enclosure to create spaces comfortable
for pedestrians as follows:

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
An example whereTia
a large A large mixed-use project
cillum. non ob ea An example
soluad of a smallquae egen This
incommod amenity
cillum. space
Tia non obfeatures
ea soluad incommod quae egen
amenity space/park has been outdoor amenity space public art; seating; decorative with a central space that may
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
provided between a group of designed as a waiting area at pedestrian scaled lighting; meet the requirements of the
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
buildings along a street. a business entrance. landscaping; and decorative UDM relating to outdoor
pavement to define amenity spaces.
it. ipsum ornare
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
Source: Google Consectetuer arcu pellentesque
Source:
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna Greenerat
Street
felis
Properties

6-18
K. Outdoor Amenity Space

Landscape,
CPTED, and Active
Transportation
requirements should be An example of a large outdoor This is an example of an amenity space that is
considered when amenity space designed to defined by landscaping and information kiosk. This
designing these
function as a temporary design helps provide some definition of the
spaces.
market/retail space. streetwall along the parking lot frontage and

Source: La Citta Vita on Flickr connects the pedestrian walkway in the parking
area to the sidewalk. Source: Google

Various structures such as Outdoor spaces can provide An example of an outdoor


trellises can be used to define privacy while still allowing for amenity space in a kind of
outdoor amenity spaces and visibility and natural courtyard arrangement for a
pedestrian walkways as shown surveillance, as in this example. mixed-use development.
here. Source: Google

6-19
L. Building Service Uses
1. Specifically designated areas shall be per UDM Section 10-Landscaping & 5. Uses shall provide sufficient onsite truck
provided for uses such as service Public Spaces. DR queuing areas as necessary for the
entrances, delivery and sorting, expected numbers of trucks. These shall
temporary storage, garbage and 2. Truck maneuvering, circulation, and be located behind buildings and
recycling, outdoor storage, outdoor work queuing lanes shall be signed, and screened as practical.
areas, and other similar uses. These marked accordingly on the pavement.
shall be: 6. Truck maneuvering/circulation areas
a. Located behind buildings; 3. Outdoor storage shall only occur within should be designated to avoid trucks
b. Appropriately sized for the intended physically-defined areas. DR from parking and idling in locations
use; and, adjacent to residential uses.
c. Screened from public areas and 4. Loading and delivery areas should not
residential uses to reduce visual, or be located in a required setback area.
sound impacts on adjacent uses, as

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
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Example of the arrangement
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of delivery/service lanes and
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loading areas on a site that is
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud. screened with landscaping
and is behind the building.
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

6-20
M. Restrooms
1. Publicly accessible restrooms may be gender-specific facilities based on
required for the following: user needs;
a. Trailheads; e. Provide grab bars and other
b. Uses intended for outdoor public appropriate accessibility features for
gatherings; and, persons with disabilities;
c. Civic buildings and uses (exempting f. Provide child-friendly fixtures to
schools and places of worship). improve accessibility;
g. Include hooks, shelves, and similar
2. These restrooms should be open to the devices to temporarliy store personal
public during general operational hours effects for users;
of the associated uses. h. Design stalls to be optimal size and
not too large, to discourage illegal
3. The location of public restrooms shall: activity;
a. Incorporate CPTED principles by i. Incorporate baby changing facilities;
providing for passive and active j. Include features that facilitate
oversight for security; and, protection from vandalism and make
b. Be conveniently located near activity cleaning and maintenance more
nodes. efficient, and,
k. Incorporate environmental features
4. The design of public restrooms should: such as low flow toilets and/or
a. Use building style and materials that waterless urinals.
are compatible with the main
building(s) of the project;
b. Incorporate CPTED principles by
providing for passive and active
oversight for security, and
appropriate lighting;
c. Integrate such techniques as
labyrinth doorways, and selective use
of mirrored sight lines, and direct
access to stalls from public areas;
d. Afford convenient access to facilities
for both men and women, as well as
families, by providing unisex
configurations where practical, and/
or providing sufficient numbers of

6-21
N. Utilities
1. Switch boxes, transformers, electrical 4. All utility lines from the service drop to 7. Electrical transformers, mechanical
and gas meters, ground mounted air the site shall be underground. equipment and other similar equipment
conditioning units, and other above- should be located in and accessed from
ground or building-mounted mechanical 5. Utility cabinets shall be aligned parallel a laneway where one exists, or can be
equipment and utility elements (including to the sidewalk. provided. DR IND
antennae or satellite dishes), shall be
located away from development 8. Utilities should be clustered or grouped
entrances, street intersections, public where possible to minimize visual
spaces, or the front façades of buildings; impact.
due consideration shall be given to
locating these where they can provide 9. Utility providers should consider
the necessary service with a balance innovative methods of containing utility
between economical and aesthetic services on or within streetscape
parameters. DR IND features such as gateways, lamp posts,
transit shelters, etcetera, when
2. The items listed in 1. above should be determining appropriate locations for
located and arranged so as to appear large utility equipment and utility cluster
visually integrated within their particular sites.
context by locating them:
a. At the edges of landscape areas and 10.Rooftop equipment shall be screened
open spaces; from view with the façade/roof, not an
b. Back from pedestrian walkways; independent equipment screen. IND
c. At lot lines between properties when Illustration of screening to obscure views of utility
this can reduce their visual
equipment and delivery areas.
prominence;
d. At the edges of buildings; and,
e. In under-tree locations where
practical; 6. Utility equipment such as electric and
gas meters, electrical panels, and
3. Additional landscaping to screen the junction boxes should be located in a
items listed in 1. above from view from utility room within the building, or
public areas may be required. screened from view of pedestrian areas.
DR IND
6-22
O. Lighting
1. A cohesive light plan shall be 5. Lights provided in special
developed where the quality of event, and public gathering
light produced, and type of spaces may be required
light sources used on the to be designed to The CPTED
exterior of buildings, signs, structurally provisions of the
parking areas, pedestrian accommodate string UDM relate to the
walkways, and other areas of lighting, banners and design of lighting as
a site, are compatible with, other seasonal defined in this
and appropriate to the overall elements.
Subsection.
design and use of the site.
6. Light fixtures and
2. Lighting of the street system, associated hardware
adjacent walkways, sidewalks, attached to the exterior of
and public spaces shall be buildings shall be
functionally appropriate, and architecturally compatable
properly scaled to increase with the style, materials,
security and comfort for users. colours and details of the
building. DR IND
3. Lighting shall be dark sky
compliant, providing full cut
off, or cut off, light fixtures;
and be designed and located
to prevent light from leaving
the site.

4. All building entrances, and Parking lot walkway with Lighting shall be designed to
pedestrian areas shall be lit decorative bollards that include avoid glare, and light being cast
with pedestrian-scale lighting. pedestrian-oriented lighting. off site or into the sky.
Trails may be exempt from this
Source: Dan Burden
requirement. DR

6-23
P. Trash & Recycling Screening
1. Trash and recycling storage and covered tops and sealed requirements are
servicing areas should be inside bottoms to keep contents dry described in Section 10-
of, or integrated into the building and pests out. Landscaping & Public
design. DR Spaces.
7. Trash and recycling
enclosures shall be An example of a trash and
2. Outdoor trash and recycling
enclosures shall not be visible constructed to be recycling area well-
from the main street frontage. compatible with the integrated into the “back of
DR project architecture and house” of the building while
materials. DR IND being visually pleasing.
3. Trash and recycling enclosures
shall be located such that they 8. Enclosure gates shall be Source: Peter French
are not visually prominent from constructed of durable
activity nodes and public areas materials that screen the
such as outdoor amenity view into the trash
spaces, gathering areas, parks, enclosure. Chain link
and trail entrances. gates shall not be
permitted.
4. Trash and recycling enclosures
Trash and recycling
shall be built to house sufficiently 9. Trash and recycling
sized bins for the intended use, enclosures shall include: enclosure that is contextually
and shall be designed with a wall a. A minimum 3m X 3m designed and screened with
height that is sufficient to concrete pad in front landscaping.
completely conceal bins. of the enclosure to
reduce pavement
5. Trash and recycling enclosures damage from
for multiple-unit residential uses disposal trucks; and,
shall allow convenient access for b. Bollards in the rear of
each resident. the enclosure to avoid
damage from the bins
6.Trash and recycling when loading and
receptacles shall include unloading. DR

6-24
Q. Campus Design
1. In addition to other applicable c. Buildings shall be arranged to frame and include a prominent entry/
requirements of the UDM, industrial, open areas, define pedestrian areas, gateway feature for the entire project
business, and institution parks, shall be and relate to neighbouring buildings that incorporates significant
arranged and designed to incorporate and the street network; landscaping and signage.
campus design principles as follows: d. Trails linking to the Town-wide trail
a. Emphasis on all development network shall be integrated into the
components recognizable as part of site;
a totally integrated complex; e. Opportunities for passive recreation
b. Integrate a balance of landscape, shall be integrated where practical
topography, special features, on large developments; and,
driveways, buildings, and service f. Design features shall include:
areas to create a cohesive plan that common driveways, common
is visually open; parking areas, common signage
plan, and common landscape plan,

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
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An example of a major Campus landscape plans Example of a campus design
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pedestrian way in a campus shall include passive with large pedestrian spaces
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setting. recreation spaces such as this and landscape features
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
memorial landscape in a between buildings.
Source: Brian Lenz
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque medical services’arcu
Consectetuer campus.
ipsum ornare pellentesque
Source: Google
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

6-25
R. Snow Storage/Melt
1. Snow storage/melt areas
should be located behind
buildings.

2. Snow storage/melt areas shall


be designed so as not to
negatively impact:
a. Landscape areas (with
particular attention to
trees);
b. Views of buildings and
public outdoor spaces Drawing showing how snow storage can
from the street; be located on site so as not to impact
c. Transit facilities; and, landscape areas, or other uses.
d. Pedestrian circulation
routes.

6-26
S. Stormwater Management
1. Stormwater management facilities shall bioswales, on-site infiltration, and more than 50% of a stormwater
be designed and located as per the rain gardens for example); and, management pond perimeter should be
following: e. In campus developments (as bounded by the rear or side yards of
a. With consideration to aesthetics; described in the UDM) stormwater adjacent development. IND
b. To incorporate them as amenities ponds shall be in locations visible
with features such as landscaping, from primary roadways and/or as 4. Where feasible, stormwater facilities for
naturalistic SWM pond forms, and prominent aesthetic features. large parking lots should be integrated
natural building materials; into the parking area
c. To integrate them with development 2. Stormwater management facilities shall and designed as
sites, open areas, parks, trails and be designed to limit the number of ponds aesthetic
tree retention areas; necessary to serve the development. SWM
landscape
d. To integrate Low Impact features. facilities can be
Development (LID) techniques as 3. Stormwater management ponds should integrated into sites as
much as practical (such as be visually accessible. Generally, not amenities; other UDM
Sections should be
referenced during
their design.
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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
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reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
An example of stormwater Example of LID stormwater
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Landscape non obof ea soluad incommod quae egen
management integrated into stormwater facility which management that includes
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the streetscape as a includes stone walls and bio-retention in the planter
est laborum Et harumd dereud. amenity.
landscaped est laborum Et harumd dereud.
strip next to the sidewalk.
trees; adding to the aesthetics

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Source: pellentesque
Portland Enviro quality of the sitearcu
Consectetuer alongipsum
the ornare pellentesque
Source: Laura Sandt
Services main street frontage.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

6-27
S. Stormwater Management
5. Structural materials utilized within 7. SWM pond design shall meet the
stormwater facility design must have Ministry of the Environment (MOE)
regard for aesthetics and should utilize requirements that describe how to
stone, natural materials, or other design SWM pond facilities so that
materials that have decorative finishes. safety fencing is not required.

6. Retaining walls for stormwater facilities 8. A pedestrian walkway many be required


shall be partially screened with around ponds with a circumference
landscaping to provide an aesthetic fit greater than 400m.
with the overall site design.

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
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Pictured is an example of a Landscaped curb extensions
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walkway design that allows along a street act as a traffic
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mollit anim id
stormwater to enter a planter measure as well as a
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd
area as part of a Lowdereud.
Impact way of reducing the amount
Development stormwater of impervious surface in a
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management system. development as shown here.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

6-28
A. Building Placement & Purpose
Orientation 7-2 The UDM requirements dealing with Appendix B: Residential Architectural
B. Building Façade: Streetscape 7-5 building design and architecture provide Themes:
C. Corner Sites 7-6 both specific and broad requirements that
direct the design of buildings that will c. Local Heritage Style;
D. Building Groupings 7-7 create positive and supportive d. Lakeshore and Mountainside
E. Context 7-9 relationships between them and the public Recreation; and,
F. Height and Mass 7-11 realm. The goal is high-quality design that e. Contemporary New Urbanism.
G. Building Façade 7-12 has evolved from the local context and
culture to create livable, functional, safe,
H. Articulation 7-15 and attractive environments.
I. Entrances 7-18
In addition to the specific requirements of
J. Fenestration 7-20 the UDM, the design of non-residential
K. Blank Walls 7-22 buildings shall meet one of the two
L. Mixed-use 7-23 architectural themes identified for
M. Retail Façades 7-24 Collingwood listed below:
N. Roofs 7-26 a. Traditional Small Town Heritage
O. Façade Materials 7-28 Style; and,
P. Colour 7-29 b. Lakeshore and Mountainside
Q. Priority Sites 7-30 Recreation.
R. Heritage Adjacency 7-31 Note: Alternative architectural theme/styles
To provide appropriate contextual fit with
S. Residential Standards 7-32 existing development or neighbourhoods, for buildings may be proposed under the
the characteristics of these themes may provisions for alternative design solutions of
be required to be incorporated into new the UDM.
developments.
Note: Industrial buildings are exempt from
In addition to the specific requirements of these particular architectural themes, but are
the UDM, the design of individual encouraged to incorporate these in their
residential buildings shall meet one of the design.
three architectural themes identified for
Collingwood listed below and described in

7-1
A. Building
Placement & Orientation
1. Buildings shall be designed for Entry forecourts, courtyards, and
an urban context directing areas of facade plane breaks are
their primary facades to the exempt, as are those areas
street to create window specifically designed for parking
streets. Rather than being arrangements permitted in the
simply pushed closer together, UDM. DR IND
as in many suburban
developments, buildings must 3. Multiple building
be designed for close siting developments shall use a Building located at the setback lines.
which facilitates street activity combination of building
and active transportation, with placement, landscaping, Source: Google
views directed to the street outdoor amenity spaces, and
and public spaces not toward other techniques to physically
neighbouring sites. define street walls along front
setback lines. With priority
2. Buildings shall be placed at given to public streets. DR
the front setback line, except IND
where the following are
provided between the building 4. The length of buildings along
and the setback line: street frontages should be
a. Public spaces; maximized as much as
b. Spaces for specifically practical. IND
designed for active uses
(such as outdoor dining); 5. Main entrances shall be visible These building have increased A limited number of parking
and/or from, and directly accessible setbacks with outdoor amenity spaces may be located in
c. Public amenities such as from, the street. space in the area between the between buildings and the street
trailheads and/or outdoor
building and the street. based on specific requirements
amenity spaces; and/or 6. Buildings shall be
d. Public art. designed and
of the UDM.

placed so that Source: Google

7-2
A. Building Placement & Orientation
outdoor spaces are created that have specific features based on design merit. 8. Based on design merit, infill projects
clear, useable shapes that are not simply In these instances, streetwalls may be may have building setbacks that relate to
leftover areas between buildings. These required to be defined by any patterns along the street on which the
spaces shall be designed to be human- combination of: development is located.
scaled and provide pedestrian-oriented a. Additional street trees;
amenities. DR b. Low walls no greater than 1.5m in 9. Buildings, entrances, windows and
height; activities shall be oriented to relate to the
7. Breaks in the streetwall defined by c. Landscaping; street and public
buildings shall be limited to those d. Public art; or, spaces, to establish
necessary to accommodate pedestrian e. Decorative fencing no greater than a coherent
walkways, public spaces, entry 1.5m in height; or,
forecourts, permitted vehicular access f. Other similarly effective design The requirements of
driveways and parking areas, drop-off features. Section 6-Site Layout
areas, and view corridors, or other DR RSub are closely related to
these requirements.

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magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
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Tia non obIllustration
ea soluadofincommod
Example of a group of The UDM allows for multiple buildings
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buildings located at the front building projects to provide placed behind the setback
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setback line and addressing limited amounts of parking line with amenity spaces
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
the corner of the intersection. between the buildings and along the frontage.
Pedestrian
Consectetuer arcuwalkways provide
ipsum ornare the front setback
pellentesque with specific arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
Consectetuer
convenient access to the provisions that must be met.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
parking in the rear.

7-3
A. Building
Placement & Orientation
development pattern that is frontage to provide visual
people-oriented, creates interest with, at a
window streets and defines minimum, an additional
the streetwall. row, or groupings of trees;
and,
10.Building design and c. Parking along the corridor
placement should address shall be screened from the
sunlight penetration; sidewalk by a minimum
Corner site with building located at the setback lines of
ventilation; protection from 2.4m wide landscaped
prevailing winds; public views planter bed to a maximum both frontages.
from adjoining structures; and, height of 1.0m.
public spaces so that they
maintain their utility.

11.Buildings along Highway 26,


north of the Highway 26 and
First Street intersection, or
south of the Pretty River
Parkway and Highway 26
intersection, may be placed
behind the setback line to
locate limited parking in front
of the buildings, provided the
following are met: Example of active space
a. No more than two rows of provided between the building
parking are located and the setback line; as
between the building and
permitted by the UDM.
the Highway frontage; and,
b. Additional landscaping is Source: Peter French
provided along the

7-4
B. Building Façade:
Streetscape
1. Recessed entries, alcoves, Refer to the
and arcades shall not be more
beginning of this
that 50% of the building
frontage. Section for the
architectural design
2. Outdoor patio spaces for theme
multiple-unit residential requirements.
projects which face the street, Example of a large building with portions set back to
shall provide sufficient reduce visual monotony along the streetscape. The
landscape elements to ensure
UDM define specific requirements for these instances.
privacy and clear definition of
territoriality between public
and private spaces.

A building facade that Commercial/retail building that This building uses varied roof
successfully uses masonry and addresses the street with well lines, pilasters, and window
brick as required by the UDM. defined storefronts and design pattern to break up the lengthy
details that make it appealing to facade.
pedestrians.

Source: Google

7-5
C. Corner Sites
1. Buildings on corner sites shall planters;
be located at the setback lines d. An outdoor amenity
of each street frontage. This space between the
does not preclude angled or building and corner The Priority Site
sculpted building corners. setbacks, of at least requirements of this
DR IND 10m2 in area; or, Section are related to
e. A prominent public these, and should be
2. Buildings on corner lots that art element; or, other reviewed during
are identified as priority sites design feature(s)
design.
shall provide at least two of proposed by the
the following: DR IND applicant that highlights An illustration of a building that meets the corner site
a. Special/decorative the priority site. design requirements.
treatments of pedestrian
weather protection as an Non-priority corner sites should
architectural element at the provide at least one of these
corner of the building; features
b. A significant decorative
corner architectural feature 3. Buildings on corner sites shall
or element that is fitting have a consistent parapet that
with the design of the fronts on both streets when
building (such as angled, appropriate to the architectural
or sculpted corner design style of the building.
for the building, bay
windows, turret, roof deck,
balconies, tower element,
corner-articulated roof line An example of a building that Example of an enhanced corner
feature; or other feature to uses architectural features and landscape treatment in a
emphasize the corner an angled entrance to highlight multiple-unit residential
location); the corner location; as would be development that could meet
c. A corner entrance and required by the UDM. the requirements of the UDM.
decorative landscape
feature such as raised Source: Google Source: Google

7-6
D. Building Groupings
1. Multiple buildings in a single building height and open
project shall demonstrate a area dimensions.
functional relationship with
one another and the public 2. Outdoor amenity spaces, and
spaces of the development, public areas should receive
by: direct sunlight for the portion
a. Taking into account micro- of the day they are intended to
climate including: be used to maximize sunlight
i. Daylight and sunlight exposure during cooler
exposure; and, months.
ii. Wind and temperature; Buildings shall be arranged on site to define outdoor
and, spaces, and afford pedestrian connections, and to have
iii. Minimizing the impacts
regard for views into private areas from neighbouring
of shadows on outdoor
spaces for people; buildings as illustrated here.
b. Minimizing the impacts of
undesirable shadows on
adjacent buildings;
c. Creating compatible
relationships and access
between interior spaces,
exterior spaces, and
entrances of different
buildings;
d. Arranging buildings to
afford both passive and Example of a group of buildings Building designs and
active solar access designed and arranged to relate arrangement shall take
potential for adjacent to common outdoor spaces consideration of sun access for
buildings; and, andpedestrian walkways. outdoor spaces and adjacent
e. Creating open areas with
buildings.
comfortably scaled Source: Google
relationships between

7-7
D. Building Groupings
3. Within multiple building developments 5. In multiple-unit residential developments
the architecture shall be complementary with multiple buildings, indoor privacy
in style, form, colour, material and roof between living units should be facilitated
line. with consideration in the design of the
entire complex and buildings to
4. Visual and physical pedestrian links shall specifically address views into residential
be established between buildings that units from other units within the same
are not located along a street. These development. Techniques such as
links may be accomplished through the varied separations, or changes in
use of arcades, trellises or other similar building orientation and floor plan of
open structures, or landscape features. units should be considered.
DR IND

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magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
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This area is located
cillum. adjacent
Tia Group ofincommod
non ob ea soluad residential quae egen cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen
to an interior cafeteria and is buildings arranged around a
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visible from the inside of the central common space. Wayfinding signage withindereud.
a An example of a large
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd
building, with doorways to Source: Tunnell-Spangler- larger development as multiple-unit residential
the outside creating a strong
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Walsh pellentesque
& Assiciates Consectetuer
required arcu ipsum ornare
by the UDM. pellentesque
development arranges
relationship between the
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis Source:
vehicula, in vehicula
Peter French diam, ornare magna
around erat outdoor
common felis
inside and outside spaces. spaces. Source: Google

7-8
E. Context
1. Buildings and additions shall be d. Continuing use of residential 4. Tensile structures
designed to: porches; shall be
a. Improve the overall streetscape, and e. Incorporating similar roof lines; and, reviewed on The main
public realm and; f. Extending horizontal lines of their own
Alternative Design
b. Generally relate in scale, materials fenestration and façade plane design merit,
and design features to the breaks. and to limit Solutions provisions of
surrounding buildings; and, impacts to the UDM are described
c. Express traditions of Collingwood other uses on pages 7 and 8.
and the region in their design, and sites,
materials, and colour. based on:
a. Proposed use;
2. Building design shall respond to the b. Size; and,
local climate with features such as c. Relationship to neighbouring sites.
pedestrian weather protection,
overhangs for sloped roofs, facilitating 5. When compared to neighbouring
access to direct sunlight, and choice of developments and buildings, the use of
façade materials. significant contrast in building design,
and materials can be used to:
3. Building design shall incorporate similar, a. Make a project unique for the
or complementary patterns from purpose of announcing the
existing developments within the importance of a use;
neighbourhood, or along the adjacent b. Provide a focal point within a district;
streetscape where such buildings c. Highlight a priority site; and,
An example of a design that could meet the context
represent the character and d. To create accent along a
architecture of Collingwood’s history, requirements as defined in this Section of the UDM. streetscape.
for example: IND Source: David Welch
a. Reinforce existing façade rhythm of
openings and entrances;
b. Maintaining alignment of storefronts
from contiguous buildings;
c. Maintaining building heights or subtly
graduating changes;

7-9
E. Context
However, significant contrast in these areas or for defining mercantile or brand identity
is not necessary for creating variety or in the built form. IND
distinctive projects and when significant
contrast and/or significant or multiple Places of worship incorporating historically
deviations from the standards identified by appropriate architectural forms are exempt
the UDM are proposed, there shall be a (such as towers; spires; domes; arches;
clear and compelling design rationale and, minarets for example).
provided.

This shall exhibit how the proposed design


will add to the overall order and coherence
of the streetscape, district or
neighbourhood, beyond just for the
purpose of creating random differentiation

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
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Structures cillum.
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pictured here shall be account the characteristics of project that exhibits the
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reviewed on their own design seasonal weather variations. mountainside recreation
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
The residential and
merit, as per this Section of Source: David Welch architectural design theme as
commercial uses here are
the UDM. Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque per the UDM
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesquedesigned,
complementarily
vehicula,
Source: Peter French in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna
as per erat Source:
the UDM. felis
Canada Lands Company

7-10
F. Height and Mass
1. Buildings over 10m in height b. Incorporating specific
(of facade) shall incorporate landscaping to screen
any combination of the views; and/or,
following design elements to c. Setting the building, or
reduce their apparant mass portions of the building,
along the street: DR IND back so that it does not
a. Stepping back the building project into a 45 degree
at the fourth storey a angular plane from the
minimum of 3m from the shared property line. IND
front façade; and/or Industrial uses shall only
b. Setting the building back comply with this Upper floors of this building are set back, reducing
so that it does not project requirement when adjacent their apparent mass from the street, similar to the
into a 45 degree angular to residential uses; and/or provisions of the UDM.
plane from the street d. Other alternative design
centre line and integrating solutions that effectively Source: Carl Sundstrom
outdoor amenity space reduce the visual impact of
and/or landscaping in the these larger buildings
increased setback. along the street (or on
adjacent uses) and create
2. Buildings with more than three building massings that are
stories, or 10m greater in more human-scaled or
height of façade), than compatable with adjacent
adjacent uses shall buildings.
incorporate any combination
of the following design
elements to reduce their Upper floors of this building are An option for larger buildings to
appearant mass along side set back, reducing their apparent reduce their impacts on
yard property lines: mass from the street, similar to neighbouring sites, is to set the
a. Stepping back the building the provisions of the UDM. buildings outside of a 45 degree
at the 5th storey a
angle plane measured from
minimum of 3m from the Source: Google
side façade; and/or, shared property lines.

7-11
G. Building Façade
1. In addition to the specific c. Building architecture
requirements of the UDM, the incorporating distinctive
design of non-residential elements such as pitched
buildings should meet one of roofs, timber beams, cedar
the two architectural themes roofs, masonry, or wood
identified for Collingwood listed siding;
below: d. Building massing that
reflect those of heritage
a. Traditional Small Town buildings within the
Heritage Style; and, community;
b. Lakeshore and e. Specific fenestration Illustration of large retail store with additional storefronts provided for
Mountainside Recreation. details. multiple tenancies to create a more pedestrian-oriented faade.

Industrial buildings are exempt, 3. Facades shall


but are encouraged to provide visual
incorporate these in their design. interest through a

2. To provide appropriate
contextual fit with existing
development or
neighbourhoods, or to better
meet the characteristics of the
architectural themes identified
in 1. above, projects may be
required to amend their
designs with characteristics An example of a building design An example of a building Example of weather protection
such as the following: that successfully fits the context meeting the Mountainside provided by a canopy structure
a. Brick or masonry detailing; of Collingwood. Recreation architectural theme that allows sunlight through,
b. Building facades as required by the UDM. and is designed to fit with, the
incorporating traditional
architectural style of the
architectural detailing of
windows and doors; building.

7-12
G. Building Facade
combination of windows, 7. All fixed canopies shall be
entrances, architectural details, designed to complement the
projections, and recesses. aesthetic and architectural
These elements shall create a characteristics of the building
consistent rhythm, and and streetscape.
express a hierarchy of
entrances, and identify 8. Canopies shall provide weather
individual businesses where protection without blocking
applicable. visibility of storefronts,
obscuring architectural details,
4. Façade materials should avoid or covering transom windows. An example of a building meeting the Lakeshore
frequent changes, with material Recreation architectural theme as described in the
and colour changes generally 9. Canopy roofs should be
UDM.
relating to changes in plane, transparent, or translucent.
floor plate, and mass, generally
maintaining consistent wall 10.All sides of a building shall be
material throughout the upper architecturally designed to be
façade areas. IND consistent with regard to style,
materials, colours, and details.
5. Street front façades shall IND
incorporate pedestrian-
oriented lighting. DR 11.The design of buildings shall
be unique to the site and
6. Weather protection shall be project, and not corporate,
provided along at least 60% of chain, or franchise. Corporate,
primary building frontages (as chain, or franchise architecture An example of a building which An example of a building that
well as frontages containing may be permitted if the design meets the Mountainside combines a variety of facade
retail/commercial uses). DR (or amended design) is Recreation architectural theme materials in an alternative
Industrial projects may limit determined by the Town to as described in the UDM. contemporary architectural style
weather protection to building meet the
that could be permitted by the
entrances. architectural
characteristics of requirements of the UDM.

7-13
G. Building Facade
either of the identified these along the primary faades 16. In addition to the specific requirements of the UDM, the
architectural styles described of the building as determined design of individual residential buildings shall meet one of
in the UDM, or another approriate and practical by the the three architectural themes identified for Collingwood
complementary design/style Town. listed below and described in Appendix A: Residential
that is determined by the Town Architectural Themes:
to be suitable to the site and 14.Building faades shall provide
project in question. The only the following levels of a. Local Heritage Style;
franchise-identifying features transparency with windows b. Lakeshore and Mountainside Recreation; and,
should be minor facade details, and doors on primary ground c. Contemporary New Urbanism.
the company logo, and floor frontages, and frontages
signage. containing retail/commercial Note: Alternative architectural theme/styles for buildings may
uses: be proposed under the provisions for alternative design
12.The Town may require a. At least 60%, (including solutions of the UDM.
amendments to the design of forecourt and courtyard
proposed architecture if it is facing facades);
determined that the design b. Display case windows may
does not fit the Collingwood be used to meet up to 50%
context by complementing the of the transparency,
prevailing heritage and/or provided they are at least
recreational and tourism design 0.5m deep and integrated
materials and techniques used into the architecture
throughout Collingwood, and (tacked-on display cases
as described in the UDM do not qualify); DR MUR
requirements. IND

13.Large commercial/retail 15. Upper floors, or areas above Examples of residential


buildings or shopping centers ground floor height, must buildings meeting the
with multiple tenantcies, and/or provide a minimum of 25% Mountainside Recreation
multiple uses, shall be transparency as measured architectural style
arranged and designed to between finished floor areas. requirements of the UDM.
provide storefronts and DR IND
entrances for each of

7-14
H. Articulation
1. The base, middle and top of d. Projections at entries; and,
buildings shall be clearly e. Differentiation of
defined through the use of building massings
materials and design details. through plane breaks
DR and/or articulation. Subsection O.
Facade Materials
2. Building faades shall 4. Vertical and horizontal should be considered
demonstrate a unified faade plane breaks with the requirements
appearance with and/or articulation shall of this Subsection.
complementary materials and be incorporated to
colours. The use of oversized, provide visual interest for In this example the changes in materials and use of
or out-of-proportion, design facades greater than 30m in articulation along the façade make this large building
elements and building features length to break up the
appear more visually interesting and less massive.
may not be permitted. apparent mass of
the building and to
3. Upper floors shall be add visual interest.
architecturally differentiated
from the ground floor with
elements that horizontally
articulate the floor, lintel, or sill
levels. Techniques used may
include:
a. Highlighting building
bases, lintels, sills and
cornices with contrasting
materials;
b. Breaking up the mass of Visual interest is created in this
the building with Plane breaks in the facade; rowhouse with features, such as:
architectural details at floor
fenestration changes; and,
levels; various façade projections and
c. Stepping back upper varied roof lines in this building recesses; trim detailing; and,
floors; could meet the standards of the roof pitches.
UDM. Source: Peter French

7-15
H. Articulation
Buildings shall avoid long projected at least 0.50m,
monotonous, uninterrupted Juliet balconies and
walls. Offsets, significant others that appear
recesses, projections, changes tacked-on to the Subsection J.
in floor level, and variety in façade will not Fenestration is
building height and masses qualify unless they closely related to this
shall be used to add employ a design Subsection and should
architectural interest and and materials be reviewed during
variety. A combination of determined by the
project design.
techniques should be used to Town to be suitable
highlight different building based on overall
masses and provide design merit;
pedestrian-scaled elements in e. Create building
the façade. Acceptable height variations
methods include those that of a minimum of
meet the following: 2m;
a. Provide visual detail from a
pedestrian’s perspective;
b. Create visual interest and
relief through detailling,
cast shadows and
highlights;
c. Have, minimum depth and
width of façade articulation
of 0.75m and 2m
respectively if tied to a An example of a mixed-use Multiple-unit residential
change in material or building with balconies building with façade plane
colour; or 3m and 4.5m if provided for upper level breaks as is required by the
not; residential units. UDM.
Changes in the façade materials
d. Balconies may be used to are linked to plane changes in
meet this standard if they Source: Payton Chung this example.
are recessed or
Source: Peter French

7-16
H. Articulation
f. Break down the building
into smaller buildings, or
façade sections; and/or,
g. Vary setbacks of building
masses to provide visual Subsection P. Colour
interest and shadow should also be
patterns. This articulation consulted during
of the building shall be a building design.
minimum of 2m in depth;
and/or,
h. The use of fenestration or
material changes to define
different building masses.
IND Colour changes may not be
substituted for architectural
detailing.

5. The use of façade articulation;


plane breaks; setbacks;
variations of roof pitches;
massing changes; and
material changes for the
purpose of providing visual
interest and/or in response to
neighbouring buildings shall
not be used to falsely give the Rooflines, bay windows, and
impression of different architectural detailling used to
buildings within a single Building setbacks used to
define building masses in this
building. provide visual interest along the
example create a project that
street front facade.
could fulfill the requirements of
Source: Centre for New the UDM.
Urbanism

7-17
I. Entrances
1. Main/primary entrances shall 4. Pedestrain weather protection
be distinguishable from other is required at all main/primary
façade elements and building entrances. DR
entrances:
a. In terms of architectural 5. Every building should
design, decorative Illustration of a principle
provide at least one
treatments, and/or building entrance that does not entrance which has been
massing; and shall be, require passage though articulated as per the UDM.
b. Oriented to, and visible a parking lot from the
from, the street. front sidewalk to
gain access.
2. Large scale non-residential
buildings with over 3,000 m2
of floor area and/or front
façades greater than 100m in
length shall integrate a
prominant entry feature for
main/primary entrances (such
as, combining substantial
roofline modulation with An example of weather
verticle building modulation or protection provided at
architectural features). IND building entrances, as
required by the UDM.
3. Ground floor entrances facing
the street frontage or public Source: Google
spaces shall be functional and
provide access into the
building. Emergency exits are
exempt.

7-18
I. Entrances
6. Theatres, cinemas, schools,
civic buildings, and other uses
where significant numbers of
people are expected to gather
or wait outside the main
entrance, shall provide a The secondary entrance to
sufficiently-sized gathering this building is highlighted
space that shall be designed with a vestibule design.
as an outdoor amenity space.
Buildings may be located
behind the front setback line
to accommodate these
spaces.

An example of an entrance
that does not require
pedestrians to cross through
a parking area.

7-19
J. Fenestration
1. Windows shall be 5. Upper story windows should
achitecturally compatible with create a rhythm, either
building style, and materials. symmetrical or equally
spaced, across the façade,
2. Dark and/or reflective glass and should be aligned with
shall not be permitted for use windows and doors on the
as windows. IND ground floor including
storefronts or display windows
3. Windows and doors shall be as practical. DR IND
proportioned to the size of wall
in which they appear and, 6. Windows shall be vertically Example of a school with a façade using extensive
sufficient wall area and/or proportioned where possible. amounts of glazing. This kind of design may be
architectural features between permitted, based on overall design merit and use of
windows shall be provided to 7. Upper floor windows to
the building as per the UDM.
set them apart from each habitable spaces should be
other. Wide mullions may be operable not fixed. IND
permitted based on design
merit. IND 8. Transom windows are
encouraged in commercial
4. Windows shall be well defined and mixed-use projects if
within the facade by any appropriate to the architectural
combination of the following: style of the building.
a. Recessing windows in
from the building wall; 9. The use of clerestories is
b. Using window trim as encouraged for industrial use
highlights; or, buildings; other uses that In this façade, glazing is used to
c. Using projecting sills and/ require expanses of facades accentuate the main entrance.
or lintels. without openings; and, for A building’s use of extensive
Uses such as this, where the
IND portions of facades extensively glazed area is part of
glazing to highlight a corner
over the ground floor an atrium space within the
where there is no entrance as may be permitted by
building are permitted by the
habitable floor the UDM. Source: Peter French
UDM.

7-20
J. Fenestration
space. Based on overall vistas of natural features
design merit these may be such as the shoreline; and,
required by the Town for h. Buildings for which the
façades facing outdoor glazed façade is part of an
amenity spaces, walkways, or integrated sustainability
streets. feature that meets the
Canada Green Building
10.Fully-glazed façades are not Council Leadership in
permitted and windows shall Energy and Environmental
not span vertically more than Design (LEED) standard, or
one storey. Priority sites, civic similar recognized
buildings, places of worship sustainability rating system
and industrial uses are of suitable quality.
exempt.

11.Fully glazed façade sections


may be permitted for the
following (with no facade with
more than 75% glazing in
area):
a. Building portions
containing showrooms;
b. Additions and enclosures;
c. Atriums;
d. Sunrooms;
e. Enclosed courtyards;
f. Enclosures around
gathering areas;
g. Façades specifically
designed to take
advantage of views or

7-21
K. Blank Walls
1. Blank walls that are adjacent large walls without openings and
to window streets, gathering are not adjacent to the spaces
areas, parks, outdoor amenity identified above (or visible
spaces, and pedestrian from main site entrances
walkways are not permitted, or from the primary
and their aesthetic character frontage) may be Public art integrated into the
shall be improved with any exempted. design of a wall; creating
combination of the following: visual interest in a location
a. Sculpted, carved or that would otherwise be a
penetrated wall surface; negative feature if left as a
b. Landscaped planters with
blank wall.
significant landscaping
that provides visual relief Source: Dan Burden
and interest against the
majority of the blank wall;
c. Murals, mosaics and
public art of a scale that
visually and/or physically
dominates the site and
reduces the impact of the Display case windows are
blank wall; used in this building to
d. Display case windows; create visual interest along
e. Trellises and arbours with the street, while not allowing
landscaping that provides
views into the building’s
visual relief and interest
against the majority of the interior storage areas
blank wall; and/or,
f. Clerestory lights.

Loading, storage, meeting


facilities, or other building
uses that necessitate

7-22
L. Mixed-use
1. In mixed-use projects, ground floors
shall be designed to be appealing to
pedestrians (generally with non-
residential uses, such as commercial/
retail, personal service, and restaurant
type uses on the ground floor).

2. Separate entrances to upper floor


residences shall be provided. These shall
be clearly differentiated from non-
residential entrances. Live/work projects
may be exempt from this requirement
based on design merit.

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
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An example of a
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mixed-use of aincommod
ea soluad mixed use quae egen
project where the ground project with residential
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floor storefronts are well entrance differentiated from
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
The ground floor uses are defined and the upper floor the storefronts along the

Consectetuer arcu ipsum


differentiated residences are differentiated
ornare pellentesque
from the ground
Consectetuer arcu ipsumfloor.
ornare pellentesque
from the retail uses.
vehicula,residences through
in vehicula diam,the
ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
building design. Source: Source: Sean Marshall
Peter French
7-23
M. Retail Façades
1. Storefronts shall be the most 5. Storefront windows should
transparent part of a façade. occupy the entire height
These shall have the following between the base and
common elements: the canopy area.
a. Base;
b. Storefront display 6. Storefronts within the Photo of clearly defined
windows; and, same building shall use storefronts along a building
c. Canopy/sign band. similarly sized and façade.
shaped windows and
Source: Google
2. Ground floor commercial/ doors.
retail, service, office, and
restaurant uses shall have 7. Fully openable display
large display windows, framed windows are
by the surrounding wall. encouraged for
restaurants, cafés and
3. Storefronts shall be defined in uses adjacent to
a repeated rhythm along the outdoor spaces, dining
facade to maintain continuity areas, and activity
and pedestrian interest. nodes. These may by
required if determined Illustration of storefront
4. Storefronts shall be integrally appropriate by the elements.
designed to be compatable Town based on overall
with the entire façade design merit.
character.

7-24
M. Retail Façades
8. Façades with multiple
storefronts should have a
generally consistent storefront
design and materials. This
includes:
a. The size and type of
display windows;
b. Doorway locations;
c. The design of transom
windows; and,
d. Storefront base height and
materials. Photo of a transom window.

Buildings with more than four


storefronts may vary elements,
but should maintain an overall
consistent façade design.

9. Storefront bases should


generally be no more than
0.60m height from the
sidewalk.

7-25
N. Roofs
1. Façade walls on flat roof 3. Mansard roofs shall not be
buildings shall include a permitted on buildings of less
parapet wall (minimum 1m in than four storeys in height.
height), and cornice in the
design. DR 4. Sloped roofs extending 20m or
more horizontally shall provide
2. Segments of exaggerated, or roofline modulation at a
out-of-proportion, parapets; minimum of 15m intervals to
sloped roof forms applied at provide visual interest, with:
the building's façade; or false a. A variation of roof ridges
façade or roof forms that are both parallel and
applied to a building; shall not perpendicular to the street;
be permitted. Roof forms shall and/or,
be not be considered false b. Architectural roofline
forms if they are: embellishments that add
a. In proportion to the other visual interest, for
features of the façade, and example: accent gables,
overall height and mass of dormers, cupolas, clock
the building; and, towers, and other similar
b. Are integral to the entire elements.
roof structure and extend IND
across at least 75% of the
roof perpendicular to the
façade; and/or
c. Function to provide cover
over atriums, entrances, or
other areas where people
are expected to gather.

7-26
N. Roofs
5. Flat roofs extending 20m or
more horizontally shall provide
roofline modulation at a
minimum of 15m intervals to
provide visual interest, with:
a. A variation of roof or
parapet height of at least
0.75m; and/or,
b. Architectural roofline
embellishments that add
visual interest.
Illustration of elements that can be added
to the design of roofs to meet the
requirements of the UDM.

7-27
O. Façade Material
1. Building materials and colour b. Asphalt shingles;
schemes shall be consistent c. Plywood;
with the chosen architectural d. Unprotected wood; and,
style. Industrial uses may e. Concrete (without decorative
provide less decorative facade finishes).
materials for non-street
frontages, such as concrete and 6. Metal siding, decorative
metal siding; provided the front concrete, mirrored and reflective
façade material does not materials, stucco, and similar
transition at the corner, and is materials may be permitted:
wrapped around to the sides. a. Based on design merit; and, Based on overall design merit, context and use,
b. When used in combination materials such as concrete may be permitted as facade
2. Brick and/or masonry shall with other materials; and,
materials.
occupy no less that 75% of the c. When not used as the
façade areas on the first two predominant façade material.
floors. Buildings instituting the
Lakeshore and Mountainside 7. Stucco and similar troweled
Recreation Style of architecture finishes shall:
may be exempted. DR IND a. Be trimmed in wood,
masonry, or other material
3. Materials such as brick and permitted by the Town;
stone should be left in their b. Be sheltered from weather by
natural colours. roof overhangs or other
methods; and,
4. Simulated materials may be c. Are limited to no more than
used if determined to have an 30% of facade areas Industrial uses may provide less Industrial projects may use
authentic appearance. containing customer or decorative facade materials for reflective materials on façades as
residential entries; and, non street frontages, provided shown here.
5. The following materials shall not d. Shall not be used below the front facade material does
be permitted on exterior walls: 0.60M above the ground
not transition at the corner and
a. Corrugated fiberglass or plane.
plastic; DR is wrapped around to the sides.

7-28
P. Colour
1. Architectural colour palletes a. They are not the
shall be selected to predominant colour;
complement: b. They do not define a
a. First, the local historic particular building mass in
context of Collingwood’s such a way that it appears
architecture or one of the as a colour field upon
architectural themes which signage is placed or
defined by the UDM; disrupts the other
b. Second, the context of the architectural features, or
immediate neighbourhood patterns of the façade in
of adjacent and such a way that is
surrounding developments uncharacteristic of the
on the same block or overall façade design; and,
street section; and, c. The overall color scheme
c. Third the colour pallete meets 1. above.
chosen to define the IND
unique architectural style/ Example where
character of the building or 3. Strongly contrasting, intense, colour has been
development. bright, and/or day-glow minimally.
IND colours shall be used for
accent only, and may be used
2. Colour pallets and patterns on a maximum of 10% of
associated with a particular façade area.
corporate identity/image/
branding shall be designed as
highlights, similar to signage, A use of colour that would Example where branding colour
and not as the defining conflict with the requirements has been used minimally and
characteristic of the building/ defined in 2b. could meet the requirements of
development in question. They the UDM.
may be included provided
that:

7-29
Q. Priority Sites
1. Buildings on priority sites shall fountain, or decorative
incorporate decorative elements landscape feature that
and designs for their primary emphasizes the site as
entries and for pedestrian a priority site; or,
amenities and street furniture, e. For corner sites, Section 4-
for example: DR rotate the building Subdivisions defines
a. Decorative tree grates; line to create a requirements for
b. Unique designs for benches diagonal space priority sites.
and seating fixtures; and, designed as an
c. Etched or stained glass outdoor amenity
sidelights or transom space. DR Illustration of a development that uses a variety of
windows at entrances. design features to highlight its location on a priority
site (street end).
2. Buildings located on priority
sites shall use at least one of
the following:
a. Distinctive architectural style
that presents a fitting
contrast along the
streetscape, block, or
neighbourhood;
b. Building elements such as
towers; bays; atriums visible
from public areas; and other
details to emphasize the
focal nature of the site/ Public art can take many forms, Elaborate features such as
building(s); and can be used in various fountains may be used to
c. Outdoor amenity space to ways, such as this example highlight priority sites. Designs
highlight the priority site; DR where etched panels are like this may be appropriate for A tower feature that could meet
d. A significantly-sized focal integrated into a screening wall. large public spaces, and intense the UDM requirements for
feature such as free
uses. priority sites. Source: Canada
standing sculpture,
Lands Company

7-30
R. Heritage Adjacency
1. Sites with the following b. Similar details such as
characteristics shall be cornices, and sills;
considered adjacent to the c. Similar types of entrance
Downtown Heritage District for features such as porches;
the purposes of the UDM: d. Similar architectural style
a. Properties on the same and/or materials and/or
block as another property detailing;
that is designated part of e. Maintaining cornice lines in
the Heritage District; and, buildings of the same
b. Properties directly across height;
the street from any f. Extending horizontal lines
property designated part of fenestration;
of the Heritage District g. Similar proportion, size
and/or any property and pattern of windows,
described in a. above. and doors;
h. Similar setback or average
2. For heritage-designated sites setback of adjacent
outside of the Downtown properties; and,
Heritage District, new i. Complementary
development shall be landscaping.
considered adjacent if it
shares a property boundary
and fronts the same street as
the designated site.

3. New developments shall An example of a new This drawing shows the initial
reflect the architectural construction on the right that considerations for a project
characteristics of adjacent addresses the characteristics of design related to the mass and
heritage buildings and sites in the heritage designated building horizontal lines of fenestration
their design by incorporating a
to the left without copying it from the adjacent building.
selection of the following:
a. Similar roof slopes;

7-31
S. Residential Standards
COM IND CIV NRSub apply to residential buildings. Façade
The objective of the following standards is 2. Brick, masonry, and/or wood siding shall
the creation of well-designed Where there is a conflict between the be the predominant materials for
developments that: requirements of the architectural theme residential building facades.
a. Reduce the prominence of garages and the provisions of this sub-section, the
in the front elevation; building design will be amended to best 3. Changes in building materials shall be
b. Promote pedestrian activity; conform to the defined architectural theme. linked to:
c. Create functional and visual diversity; a. Changes in the building form,
d. Develop multiple-unit residential Alternative architectural themes/styles for occurring at wall setbacks or
forms that are fitting with the residential buildings may be proposed projections;
community; and, under the provisions for Alternative Design b. For horizontal definition; or,
e. Guide the creation of architecturally Solutions of the UDM. Such alternative c. To articulate the transition between
varied, and context appropriate, design approaches shall meet the specific the building base, middle and top.
residential streetscapes. standards defined in this sub-section.
4. The architectural character (i.e., exterior
These standards shall be used in materials, window trims, cornices, etc)
combination with the other sections of the of front elevations shall be utilized on all
UDM as appropriate. sides of residential buildings.

1. The design of individual residential 5. The proportion of rooflines, wall planes


buildings shall meet one of the three and openings shall be consistent with
architectural themes identified for other buildings on the block.
Collingwood listed below (see Appendix
A: Residential Architectural Themes, for 6. Center lines of similar windows shall be
descriptions of specific applicable aligned vertically, and shall be set within
characteristics): a sufficient area of wall to avoid an
a. Local Heritage Style; overcrowded composition of
b. Lakeshore and Mountainside wall openings.
Recreation; and,
c. Contemporary New Urbanism.

Additionally, the specific standards


defined in this sub-section shall
7-32
S. Residential Standards
7. Large expanses of uninterrupted, single 9. Residential buildings flanking arterial Roofs
material exteriors without window trim, streets, on priority sites, and corner lots 11.Townhouses (attached), and multi-unit
accent features, or other detailing shall shall provide additional architectural residential buildings with ground oriented
not be permitted. detailing on the façades facing these units shall express these units, and
frontages. contribute to a residential character for
8. Upper floor residential units in multiple- the overall development, through roof
unit residential, and mixed-use buildings 10.Upper floor residential units shall have forms that express individual dwellings.
shall be emphasized through articulation functional balconies with a depth of at
of the exterior wall; materials; and/or the least 1.5m and a minimum area of 6m2.
use of pronounced building elements
including bay windows, balconies and
dormers.

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An example of a residence An example
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designed to meet the Local the Contemporary New
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Heritage Style architectural Urbanism architectural style.
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
theme.

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vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

7-33
S. Residential Standards
12.Residential developments Public/Private Space
shall create varied and Transitions
interesting streetscapes with a 13.Areas shall be physically
variety of roof configurations defined as clearly public or
for residences including accent private, in public view for
gables, dormers, and variation surveillance or private and
of roof ridges both parallel and protected.
perpendicular to the street.
14.Residential uses shall define a
clear transition between the
public spaces of the frontage
street and the private space of
a building’s interior for
example through the use of:
a. Landscaping;
b. Grade changes;
c. Porches (shall be a
minimum of 1.5m
deep to allow for
This photo shows a
seating);
d. Covered entrances; pedestrian walkway and
e. Forecourts; or, entrance feature for a
f. Other similar townhouse development
features. that is oriented toward a
central common space.
15.Entrances to individual
residential units shall be
visible from the street.

7-34
S. Residential Standards
16.Main entrances to ground floor dwelling Parking and Garage Frontage & Design within 200m walking distance, or one
units shall be directly accessible: 17.Townhouses (attached) with garages on block, which ever is less, of the
a. Off the street or common pedestrian the front façade shall have building residential units served.
way; entrances located at the front setback
b. From a common courtyard; or, line. 20.Garage doors shall:
c. A pedestrian frontage walkway for a. Occupy no more than 50% of the
units with laneway access. 18.Carports and detached garage buildings front façade width of residential
shall be designed as an integral part of buildings; and,
the development. They shall be similar b. Not be grouped with more than two
designed to complement the garage doors side-by-side on the
architecture of the main buildings. same façade plane.

19.Visitor parking spaces serving multiple 21.The roof line of front facing
residence projects shall be located garage(s) shall be

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The UDM allows
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garages garage takes
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incommod of Townhouses with garages
egen
be set forward on the street the frontage facade and is set accessible from a laneway.
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frontage facade if there is at the edge of the covered Source: Google
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
living space with windows or porch as permitted by the
balconies aboveConsectetuer
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arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

7-35
S. Residential Standards
complementary to the main roof line of designed for both pedestrian and vehicle d. Landscaping that is arranged to
the dwelling. use. These home zone areas shall have reduce vehicular speed to a design
the following characteristics: speed of maximum 15kmph;
22.Residences with garages set closer to a. Continuous brick, pavers, or other e. Areas for play;
the street than the front façade of the distinct and decorative pavement f. Signs at entrances indicating the
residence shall provide a covered porch; treatment; area as a shared space for vehicles
and/or living space above the garage b. Provide visual continuity linking and pedestrians;
that has windows and/or a functional pedestrian and car areas; g. Intermittent markings for parking
balcony facing the street. c. Be designed as spaces for use by stalls;
h. At least 10% of the area shall be
23.Side entry garage walls facing the landscaped;
street may be permitted to be closer to i. Pedestrian-scaled lighting;
the street than the wall containing the j. Define specific play areas, and social
main entrance. areas, with physical barriers such as
trees, planted islands, and
24.Side entry garages shall incorporate decorative bollards (these may be
architectural features, windows, or designed for seasonal removal to
other details on the street front facade accommodate snow clearing);
to provide visual interest. k. Parking spaces should generally be
at an angle to the direction of travel;
25.Second storeys over the garage which l. Create an irregular vehicle travel path
are recessed from the front façade of with curves provided in the vehicle
the garage shall be a minimum of 75% travel lanes;
A rowhouse development whose facade design
of the garage width. m.Features that slow traffic while
provides a variety of features and details to make it serving the needs of residents (such
26.Double-car garages shall use single- visually interesting, and could meet the as benches, play equipment,
bay garage doors. requirements of the UDM. landscaping); and, secure bike
parking.
Source: Google
27.Parking areas for multiple-unit
residential buildings shall meet the
the residents as well as for
design standards for parking lots or, be
automobile parking;
designed as shared space home
zones (also known as woonerfs)

7-36
S. Residential Standards
Window Streets more than a two-storey
28.Each block shall contain a difference change in height.
mix of residential elevations
with a variety of architectural 33.The roof lines of single-storey
features and details amongst residential units shall create a
blocks of single-unit detached compatible transition to
residences to create adjacent two-storey units.
interesting streetscape
elevations. 34.For townhouses (attached),
the main entrance to each unit
29.End units in townhouse shall be accessed directly A development that meets the Contemporary New
(detached) residential groups from, and face, the street. Urbanism architectural theme as defined in the UDM.
shall have windows facing the
exterior side yard. 35.End units on townwhouse
(attached) blocks with more
30.Where practical, ground floor than five units shall provide
units in multiple-unit distinctive design features.
residential projects should
have individual at-grade 36.Townhouses (attached) shall
entrances along the street be grouped, to define outdoor
frontage to animate the street. spaces and provide visual
interest along streetscapes, as
31.Identical detached residential opposed to arrangements with
unit elevations shall be large continuous monolithic
separated by a minimum of buildings. Continuous
two dwellings. building arrangements shall be
limited to a maximum
32.When siting different length of eight
residential unit types on a units.
street, appropriate transitions
should be considered to avoid

7-37
S. Residential Standards
37.Townhouse (attached) units 40.To facilitate an urban form
shall each be provided with a that is compact, and creates
minimum of 30m2 usable rear useable open areas, the Town
yard. may determine that a
development shall use
38.The elevation of the detached attached townhouses instead
dwellings on a block shall be of detached residential units
designed to provide distinctive with minimal side yard
variation of units while also setbacks. This shall be
utilizing common details to determined in terms of
visually unite the block. appropriateness to the context
of the street and block where
39.Townhouses (attached) with the development is located. In
more than four units in a such cases the setback areas
group shall be articulated to shall be aggregated to be
emphasize individual units by used as any combination of
using one or more of the the following:
following: a. A landscape feature;
a. Mirroring the elevation of b. Additional units;
two out of four dwellings; c. Pedestrian connections;
b. Providing different building d. Park space; or
elevations for external e. Common area.
units;
c. Adding a different dwelling
design or different scale
with variation in number of An example of the use of two An example of a veranda on the
storeys with varied front bay doors for a double car side of a residence facing a
building setbacks. The garage as required by the UDM. flanking street on a corner lot.
setbacks shall vary by a This type of added detail is
minimum of 1.5m.
required by the UDM for corner
sites.

7-38
S. Residential Standards
Cottage Home or Bungalow development, or from
Court Design laneways;
41.Cottage home or bungalow e. At least 50% of the
courts are a type of residential units
development consisting of shall be clustered;
f. Residential units An example of a cottage
freestanding single detached
residences arranged around a shall be oriented to home arrangement as
common, shared courtyard/ have their main described in the UDM.
open space. The individual entrance from
Source: Karen Delucas
buildings are arrayed next to common open
each other with the common areas; and,
open space open to the g. The common open
street. For these areas shall be
developments the following designed as a
shall be provided: landscaped outdoor
a. A central common amenity spaces and
courtyard comprising of at focal
least 15% of the lot area features.
or 40m2 per unit, which
An example of a a more
ever is greater; or;
b. Each dwelling shall have a dense cottage home
private or semi-private arrangement as described in
yard of at least 10m2 the UDM.
which may be located in
the side or rear yard; Source: Peter French
c. Landscaping shall not be
used to separate front
yards in the courtyard;
d. Vehicular access for
residential units shall be
from a shared parking area
to the rear of the

7-39
S. Residential Standards
Multiple-unit Residential - c. Building elevations shall
Mansion Type be designed to provide at
42.Small multiple-unit residential least one horizontal and
buildings (2 to 8 units) shall be one vertical plane break;
designed to resemble large d. Landscape treatments for
single family, or mansion style the frontage shall
houses, or as attached, accentuate individual unit
narrow townhouses. For entrances; and,
projects with more residential e. Ground accessible units
units, these may be designed shall provide a minimum of
to resemble two separate 15m2 usable
houses attached with a rear yard for
common element such as a each unit.
common stair. For these
types of residential buildings
the following design elements
shall be provided:
a. Buildings shall be massed
as large houses,
composed principally of
two and three-storey
volumes, characterized by
simple rectangular forms
oriented to the street with
pitched roof forms, each
designed to house scale;
b. The main entrance to each
dwelling shall be accessed
directly from the frontage
sidewalk;

7-40
S. Residential Standards
Multiple-unit Residential - townhouses (attached) as part
Apartment Type of “podium tower” form
43.Larger multiple-unit residential buildings may be required
buildings shall resemble based on the characteristics
traditional apartment buildings of the street and adjacent
with a massing form of either uses.
“slab”, “courtyard”, or
“podium towers”. These shall 45.In apartment-type multiple-
meet the following: unit residential buildings all
a. Access to units shall be dwelling units adjacent to
provided from a common courtyards must provide
central internal lobby or transparent windows and/or
foyer, or directly to ground doors on at least
oriented units where 15% of the façade
applicable; area.
b. Primary common
entrances shall clearly
address the street with
large entry canopies, and
shall provide visibility to
interior lobbies to allow for
safe and convenient arrival
and departure from the
building.

44.Mixed-use buildings that This multiple-unit residential This multiple-unit residential


incorporate multiple building is an example that building incorporates
residential units shall generally would meet the mansion style architectural features that help it
be designed with non- requirements of the UDM. fit the architectural style of the
residential uses on the ground existing residential
floor and residential uses
neighbourhood.
above. Incorporation of

7-41
S. Residential Standards
Multiple-unit Residential 48.Multi-unit residential
Common & Outdoor Amenity developments over 15 units
Areas shall include a children's play
46.Multiple-unit residential area. This shall be
developments shall have incorporated in the design of
useable open areas for common outdoor areas.
recreation and social activities
in a combination of common 49.All ground-floor living units for
and private spaces. multiple-unit residential
buildings shall have private
47.Common outdoor open areas open space attached and
shall be provided at a rate of accessible from the unit with a
10m2 per unit and be minimum size of 15m2. This
designed to provide area should be partially
recreation, and play spaces, screened from neighbouring
for residents of the units and uses.
development. These spaces
shall:
a. Include seating;
b. Include shade trees;
c. Be easily visible and
centrally located to as
many residences as
possible;
d. Provide pedestrian
Multi-unit residential focused Example of a multiple-unit
connections to residential
units; and, on outdoor common area. development that uses a
e. Have pedestrian access to Source: Google courtyard form.
the street. Source: Fitz Gerald Associates
Architect:

7-42
A. Pedestrian Circulation 8-2 Purpose
B. Enhanced Pedestrian An integrated network of active
Connection 8-6 transportation options and supportive
C. Pedestrian Amenities 8-7 development patterns have many
benefits directly affecting the health of
D. Street System 8-9 the community, reducing infrastructure
E. Parking Areas 8-11 costs, reducing sprawl, as well as
F. Trails 8-13 helping to reduce traffic congestion,
G. Bicycle Circulation 8-15 and air pollution.
H. Transit Circulation 8-17 The following active transportation
I. Wayfinding 8-19 oriented requirements are intended to
elevate the needs of pedestrians,
cyclists, and mass transit to a state of
balance with automobile use as a mode
of transportation.
This is in recognition that all means of
transportation are equally important,
and therefore need to be given equal
consideration in the planning, design
and construction of new developments.
Primary consideration is the
transportation of people, not cars, and
provision of the necessary infrastructure
to achieve this.

8-1
A. Pedestrian Circulation
1. Developments shall provide g. Public gathering areas;
necessary infrastructure for and,
pedestrian accessibility to h. Parks and open
support safe and convenient spaces. Section 6-Site
movement of people. DR Layout should be
closely considered
2. Applications that create 4. Internal circulation when designing active
barriers of unsafe, patterns shall allow for transportation
inconvenient, and unpleasant logical movement elements.
conditions for walking and throughout the site that
cycling through overly auto- will accommodate, and not In this example, pedestrian walkways are included
oriented development preclude, intensification over between rows of houses, to provide enhanced
patterns, site layouts, and time. DR connectivity to the park at the north end of the block.
architecture may be required
to be amended accordingly to Source: Google
5. All projects shall connect the
remove these barriers. on-site pedestrian circulation
system to the off-site public
3. Sites shall incorporate a sidewalks; and the trail system
pedestrian path network that where present. DR
links uses to each other and
permits pedestrians to move 6. Multi-unit residential
in as straight line as practical developments, and residential
to their destination. Pedestrian subdivisions shall incorporate
linkages shall specifically be pedestrian connections to
required between the adjoining residential,
following: recreational, open space,
Example of truncated domes An example of the use of
a. Transit stops; and commercial uses used at a pedestrian crossing to different materials to highlight
b. Sidewalks; as practical. indicate transition from the the pedestrian crossing.
c. Trails; sidewalk into the street crossing.
d. Building entrances; Source: La Citta Vita on Flickr
e. Parking areas; Source: Dan Burden
f.Amenity spaces;

8-2
A. Pedestrian Circulation
7. Pedestrian ways and connections shall lights, utility poles, seating, and f. Where stairs are used, a single stair
be designed to be convenient, street furniture; should be avoided, a minimum of
comfortable, safe and easily navigable, d. Be hard surfaced (hard-packed three steps should be used to clearly
continuous and barrier-free. All gravel may be permitted for walkway signal the change in grade;
pedestrian ways shall meet the surfaces in areas adjacent to natural g. Stair design shall incorporate visual
following: areas); signals to indicate stair treads and
a. Be clear of obstructions, maintaining e. Appropriate accessibility edges;
a minimum 1.5m wide passageway components and design for persons h. Be distinct from vehicle lanes;
and 2.4m clearance above grade; with disabilities shall be integrated i. Provide/maintain continuity of
b. Be slip resistant; into the overall pedestrian circulation pedestrian ways from
c. Be unobstructed and without system including ramps and sight adjacent and/or existing
unnecessary meanders around built assistance strips and textured edges ways;
obstacles such as mail boxes, street at grade transitions and street
crossings for example;

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The UDM requires In this photograph,
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specifically designed pedestrian walkway takes
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pedestrian areas adjacent to priority to the vehicle
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
main entrances of entrance.
developments;
Consectetuer arcu ipsum similar to
ornare pellentesque Consectetuer
Source: arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
Dan Burden
what is shown here.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
Source: Dan Burden

8-3
A. Pedestrian Circulation
j. Be raised to curb height both sides as per the
where practical; and, following:
k. Generally have shade by
day, light by night. a. The alignment of the
sidewalk shall remain
8. Senior housing projects, straight along the street;
hospitals, medical service b. Sidewalks shall be
developments, and schools separated from adjacent
shall provide 3m wide streets by landscaped
pedestrian ways (excepting boulevards with street
sidewalks along public trees (where right-of-way Pedestrian access and safety is improved in this
streets). permits). location with: a. the use of curb extensions to reduce
crossing distances and traffic speeds; b. sidewalks;
9. Pedestrian and vehicular Laneways are exempt from this
crossings on-site should be standard. and, c. a pedestrian scramble at the main park
minimized as much as entrance. Source: Google
practical. DR RSub 12.Sites along the highway
corridor may substitute
10.Fully-accessible pedestrian walkways or trail connections
ways shall be provided to the for sidewalks based on
public sidewalk from: DR location and as approved by
a. Main building entrances; the Town. Industrial/business/
and, institutional campuses may
b. Should also be provided provide sidewalks on only one
for all building emergency side of the street based on
exits. design merit and overall Concentrating amenities such as The UDM requires pedestrian
pedestrian infrastructure the refuge island and curb walkways which connect
11.All streets and major entry network proposed. extension make this busy park building entrances as shown
thoroughfares for entrance more pedestrian here.
developments (as per UDM friendly.
Section 3-Streets) shall
provide sidewalks on Source: Google

8-4
A. Pedestrian Circulation
13.For non-residential uses,
walkways should be provided
outside of all main and
secondary entrances and
around buildings to link these.

14.The primary method to create


physical barriers from moving
vehicles for pedestrian areas
shall be trees with landscape
beds, and/or raised planters.
Decorative bollards, pavement
markings, and signage shall
be used as secondary
methods only upon approval
of the Town.

8-5
B. Enhanced Pedestrian
Connections
1. Pedestrain ways shall be 2. Specific pedestrian connections
provided in the following may be waived if the applicant
circumstances to create has demonstrated, that this is
continuous pedestrian impractical or unsafe due to:
connections: a. An exceptional circumstance
a. Through all cul-de-sacs; such as topography, or the
b. At mid-block locations to presence of protected
transit stops in all residential environmental areas; or,
subdivisions if no direct way b. The characteristics of the
is provided through the adjacent use or potential
sidewalk system; use.
c. To existing, or proposed
trails adjacent to the 3. Required pedestrian
proposal; connections shall be aligned
d. At mid-block locations with street ends, laneways or
connecting streets on either other pedestrian walkways
side, for blocks that are over where practical.
300m in length;
e. At mid-block to connect to 4. Required pedestrian
arterial or collector streets if connections shall be designed to
walking distance to these meet the requirements of UDM
streets is greater than 400m; Section 10-Landscaping &
and, Public Spaces.
f. To all adjacent uses at A pedestrian connection Pedestrian connection provided
intervals no greater than through a large development, between buildings. The UMS
400m along the connecting through the requires these to include shade
circumference of the project development block. trees.
as practical.

8-6
C. Pedestrian Amenities
1. Street furniture shall be protective devices in these
integrated into site design as locations shall:
pedestrian amenities along a. Include decorative
sidewalks and pedestrian bollard designs;
ways. The type, location and and,
design of chosen amenities b. Be combined with Pedestrian amenities shall be
shall contribute to a well- landscaped planter located at appropriate
balanced mix of features along beds or raised location through
the pedestrian way based on planters. developments to facilitate
the location, type of walkway, safe and convenient
intended use and expected 4. Neighbourhood
pedestrian movement, and
number of people; and shall mailboxes shall be
be located to provide amenity integrated in the to enhance the active
while also ensuring a barrier community as transportation network.
free and uncluttered visual important amenities
environment. where people socialize,
locating them at park
2. Pedestrian amenities spaces, trail entrances,
appropriate to the size, type trailheads, or other
and occupancy of the use public gathering areas Example of a mid-block
shall be provided at main to create activity nodes. pedestrian connection that
building entrances, and links to a mass transit stop.
gathering areas. 5. The design treatment
Source: Google
for neighbourhood
3. Sufficient outdoor space for mailboxes shall reflect
people to wait and provide the level of use and
safe transitions for pedestrians exposure they are
leaving buildings and entering expected to receive;
parking and/or sidewalk areas this shall include;
shall be provided, based on a. Trash and
expected pedestrian traffic. recycling
The use of bollards as containers;

8-7
C. Pedestrian Amenities
b. Enhanced landscaping;
c. Hard surface pavement;
d. Low intensity security
lighting when necessary;
and, CPTED principles
e. Structures and enclosures should be considered
to provide weather throughout the design
protection over the process for pedestrian
mailboxes and adjacent amenities.
areas for pedestrians.
An example of weather protection provided over a
6. For retail developments that pedestrian walkway through a large parking area.
include a transit stop, a
location to securely store Source: Margaret Gibbs
shopping carts shall be
provided. This must be
designed to secure at least 5
carts, and prevent them from
rolling into the street or
pedestrian ways.

An example of a mailbox area A trellis structure, notice board, Pedestrian connections in a


provided with weather and trash and recycling multiple-unit residential project
protection because it is attached containers make this area for that incorporates significant
to a community storage neighbourhood mailboxes more landscaping and decorative
building. functional. pavement material.

Source: Peter French Source: Google

8-8
D. Street System
1. Street corners may be required to following as determined appropriate by g. Countdown lights signaling
incorporate curb extensions to provide the Town: remaining crossing time;
increased pedestrian space; safe refuge a. Advance stop bars in the h. Audible crossing signals; and,
for pedestrians while waiting to cross the thoroughfare; i. Other safety enhancement features
street; reduce street-crossing distances; b. Pedestrian crossing signal lights; determined appropriate and
and, opportunities for street furniture. c. Visible and easily accessible effective.
pedestrian-actuated signal buttons
2. Sight triangles shall be kept free from or automatic actuation devices; 4. There shall be minimal or no change in
visual obstructions to facilitate safe d. Appropriately designed sidewalk the elevation of sidewalks
vehicle and pedestrian movements. ramps that face directly to across private access
corresponding ramps across the driveways.
3. Trail crossings of arterial streets, shall street;
incorporate any combination of the e. Curb extensions and refuge islands;
f. Signage;

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
Countdown signals make Curb extensions,
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia nonramps,
ob ea and
soluad incommod quae egen
street crossings safer for tactile markers make this
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
pedestrians. corner safer for pedestrians.
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
Source: Google
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

8-9
D. Street System
5. Where vehicle entrances cross
sidewalks, advanced stop
bars shall be provided on the
site exit lane to improve
pedestrian safety. DR MUR

6. Pedestrian crossings shall be


delineated at vehicle
entrances. DR MUR

7. Specific safe routes to schools


shall be defined in residential Specific safe routes for school children are
subdivisions, and projects that required in new residential developments.
form a link along a safe route Source: Dan Burden
to school. These shall be
enhanced along their entire
route with at a minimum the
following:
a. Marked pedestrian
crossings;
b. Signage; and,
c. Other pedestrian safety
features and amenities as
determined appropriate
and effective by the Town.

Section 4-
Subdivisions should
be considered when
designing safe routes
to schools.

8-10
E. Parking Areas
1. Pedestrian walkways shall be provided identification along the entire 2. Pedestrian walkways in parking lots shall
through all parking areas. These shall walkway, using different paving be provided as follows:
meet the following provisions: materials such as concrete; inlaid a. Pedestrians shall not be required to
a. Shall provide dedicated pedestrian pavers; or painted patterns; cross more than one pair of vehicle
walkway access throughout the d. Include sight assistance strips at all drive lanes to access a walkway;
entire parking area; grade transitions; drive lanes; and, and,
b. Be raised to sidewalk height. Lots street crossings; and, b. Parking stalls shall be a maximum of
with less than 100 parking stalls may e. Utilize shy spaces around planter 24m from a pedestrian walkway.
utilize at-grade walkways based on strips and raised planters to provide
design merit and use of enhanced refuge areas and safe travel routes
markings; for at grade portions of pedestrian
c. Include clear surface markings to walkways.
define pedestrian ways which
provide clear and distinct visual

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non obPlanter
An alternative arrangement islands,
ea soluad shade trees
incommod Pictured here is a raised
quae egen
with walkways surrounding and pavement materials are walkway through a small
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
parking area. used in this parking lot to parking lot. The walkway
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
define a dedicated pedestrian runs along a series of planter
Source: Google
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque walkway
Consectetuer arcu ipsum through the
ornare pellentesque islands.
parking area.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

8-11
E. Parking Areas
3. The arrangement of parking
areas, primary maneuvering
lanes, and main building
entrances shall be designed to
reduce the number of
pedestrian/vehicle conflict The diagonal walkway in
points necessary for people to this photo provides a link
access the building. Site between a main pedestrian
enhancements to reduce route to a building entrance,
these conflicts may be while also providing a safe
required.
walking environment
4. Pedestrian crossings at major through the parking area.
entry thoroughfares, and Source: Google
primary circulation lanes in
parking areas shall be required
to include combinations of the
following:
a. Pavement markings;
b. Decorative bollards; Use of pavement markings
c. Decorative landscape and shy distance around
elements and raised planters to create a safe
planters; travel route for pedestrians
d. Raised walkways across
in a parking lot.
speed tables;
e. Decorative concrete or
pavers.

8-12
F. Trails
1. The trail system in Collingwood consists g. Create and/or maintain connections 2. Large projects may be required to
of a comprehensive trails network that between trails and streets; provide active transportation
includes the regional Georgian Trail, and h. Create continuity of the active connections through adjacent open
a series of multi-use community trails. transportation network; areas; across water courses; or through
Additional trails, connections, and public i. Provide connectivity through parks, if the Town determines there is a
accesses shall be required in new developments for pedestrians; and, need to provide additional trails and
developments to link together: j. To provide connections to the trail infrastructure to support the active
a. Local points of interest; system from the development. transportation demands for their
b. Open space amenities; intended use.
c. The waterfront;
d. Adjacent land uses;
e. Civic institutions;
f. The regional trails network; and to,

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
Extra wide sidewalks may be
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non obThere are various
ea soluad surface quae egen
incommod
treatments that may be required for active
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit animtransportation
id corridors for
included in the trail sections,
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud. bike and pedestrian use, as
depending upon their use
and location; suchpellentesque
as the shown here, and along First
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare
boardwalk shown here. Street. Source: Ontario
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
Ministry of Energy
Source: Peter French
and Infrastructure

8-13
F. Trails
3. Entrance points to the trail
system from the street shall be
marked with Town-approved
wayfinding signage.

4. Projects shall be required to


provide extra wide, 3m
sidewalks, along arterial
streets and corridors where
these are being developed/
used as combined bike and
pedestrian ways for active
transportation (such as along
First Street for example)

8-14
G. Bicycle Circulation
1. Infrastructure shall be designed to 4. Bike racks shall be located at play areas, 6. To support active transportation, all
enhance and increase access for cyclists parks, and trailheads, as well as at other workplace settings/buildings with 20
(bike ramps on staircases; and, cycling locations as per the Zoning By-law employee/occupants or more, shall
oriented signage for example). requirements. provide:
a. Long term secure bike parking for
2. Storm sewer grates shall be designed to 5. To facilitate active transportation in the employees; and,
provide for safe crossing by bicycles and community, multiple-unit residential b. Are encouraged to provide change
wheelchairs. developments shall provide storage rooms and showers, at least one
specifically designed for long term all unisex facility.
3. Bike ramps shall be provided on all stair season bicycle storage, at a rate of two
cases linking outdoor public areas so spaces per unit. These spaces shall be
that cyclists may walk their bikes over ground-floor accessible.
these obstacles.

Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure
dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
An example of covered bikenon ob
Bike The bike parking is properly
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia eaparking
soluad located adjacent
incommod quae egen
parking. to a main entrance and located outside of the
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
visible from inside the pedestrian way.
est laborum Et harumd dereud. Source: Dustin White
est laborum Et harumd dereud.
building. The bike rack is Source: Dan Burden
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque alsoipsum
Consectetuer arcu located to provide
ornare clear
pellentesque
pedestrian movement along
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
the walkway.

8-15
G. Bicycle Circulation
7. Bicycle parking and storage
spaces shall be maintained
exclusively for the use for
which they are required.

8. Bicycle racks shall be located


to provide convenient and
attractive bicycle parking that
is:
a. Within 15m of primary
building entrances; To facilitate use, the UDM requires bike parking to be
b. Protected from the safe and convenient, by requiring cover, and by being
weather, by a shelter,
located within 15m of the primary entrance and
structure, building or
architectural element; and, visible from within the building.
c. Visible from the interior of
the building.

9. Bike parking shall be designed


to allow both the frame and
wheels of a bicycle to be
locked.

Bike ramps installed along a Example of covered bike


stairway to assist cyclists. parking as required by the

Source: Kathy Eiseman UDM.

Source: Ontario Ministry of


Energy and Infrastructure

8-16
H. Transit Circulation
1. Transit stops shall be located as close to 3. Uses shall be combined and located industrial/institutional campuses or large
building entrances as practical, and close to transit to provide visual employment centres).
visible from the interior of the building. oversight, and generate or attract a high
percentage of riders. 5. Areas where motorists, can drop off
2. All transit stops shall provide: passengers may be required at the
a. Protective cover from the 4. To accommodate the intended number following locations where practical:
weather with approved shelters; of users, additional transit stops, or a.Transit facilities;
b. Seating; transit facilities with greater capacity and b. Mixed-use developments;
c. Wayfinding signage; and, amenities, may be required on c. Schools; and,
d. Concrete landing pads to developments intended to attract large
improve accessibility for users of numbers of people (such as
kneeling buses. performance spaces or destination
parks, mixed-use projects/districts, large
shopping complexes, business/

Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerc. Irure
dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non obPictured
The UDM has specific hereincommod
ea soluad is a site Bus shelter located to provide
quae egen
requirements associated with arrangement which a clear pedestrian way along
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
transit facilities, such as successfully combines a the sidewalk and include
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
proximity to building drop-off area, parking, shade trees for sun health.
entrances, and wayfinding
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque priority
Consectetuer arcu ipsumparking
ornarespaces,
pellentesque
signage, as shown here. pedestrian walkways, and
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
landscaping.
Source: Stephen Filanowicz

8-17
H. Transit Circulation
d. Uses intended to 7. Intermodal connections shall
attract large numbers of be facilitated with the location
people (such as and orientation of site features
performance spaces, and uses.
meeting spaces, civic
buildings and uses,
destination parks,
performance spaces,
large shopping
complexes, business/
industrial/institutional
campuses, or large
employment centres). Section 6-Site
Layout should be
6. Priority parking designated for considered in
para-transit parking and/or combination with the
drop-off areas may be requirements listed
required for: here.
a. Mixed-use developments;
b. Multiple-unit residential
developments over 30
units;
c. Public parks and gathering
areas; and,
d. Theaters, cinemas, civic
buildings, places of
worship, and other uses
where significant numbers
of people are expected to
gather, wait, or participate
in events.

8-18
I. Wayfinding
1. A wayfinding system may be appropriate for the intended
required to help direct use and location while
pedestrians and improve avoiding visual clutter
accessibility, and legibility, of and creating an easily-
the development and evolving understood and orderly
built environment. information system. Through careful
arrangement, and as part of
2. Wayfinding systems shall 5. Information signs, and a cohesive plan, functional
include combinations of interpretive plaques or features can be integrated
landmark features; indoor and kiosks, shall be into a wayfinding system
outdoor signage; kiosks; provided at heritage-
(such as the sculptural signal
imprinted and surface designated and
pavement markings; urban environmentally- light shown here).
Braille; landscape and public protected sites. The Source: Heather Bowden
art as landmarks; interpretive location should not
signs; and plaques, as obstruct any significant
appropriate views or hinder the
character of the area.
3. Wayfinding systems shall be
developed as 6. Wayfinding signage An example of an
multidimensional shall be included along interpretive sign identifying
environmental graphics streets to indicate the a site of heritage
systems designed to integrate location of trail access significance.
into the project as opposed to points, transit stops,
just signage systems. parks, and
access points
4. Wayfinding signage shall use to the
combinations of forms, shoreline.
materials, universal symbols,
tactile lettering, contrasting
colours and fonts in sizes and
type that are easy to read and

8-19
I. Wayfinding
7. All interpretive and wayfinding
signage shall be designed and
manufactured to be made of
durable materials with a long
lifespan that require minimal
maintenance. Example of different signs
that are part of a well-
8. Interpretive signage shall be designed wayfinding
designed and installed to signage system.
convey information that is:
a. Visually interesting in Source: Winnipeg Trails
presentation; Association
b. Easily legible;
c. Integrates graphics where
appropriate; and,
d. Is physically accessible for
youth, persons with
physical impairments, and
persons with visual
impairments by including The decorative walkway
Braille and designing pavement material, and the
signage to be read from a information kiosk shown
wheelchair for example. here are examples of features
that can be part of
wayfinding programs as is
required by the UMD .

Source: Google

8-20
A. Car-oriented Commercial 9-2 Purpose
B. Display Lots 9-3 Car-oriented commercial establishments
C. Automobile Canopies & Bays 9-4 are those that provide or dispense
products or services, through an
attendant or automated machine, to
persons remaining in vehicles that are in
designated lanes and/or sites specifically
intended for the sale, service or
maintenance of vehicles.
The following design requirements are
intending to reduce the negative impacts
of these uses, and enhance public
streets and overall livability where they
are located.

9-1
A. Car-oriented Commercial
1. Automobile queuing lanes
shall be located at the side or
rear of buildings.

2. Drive-through queuing lanes


shall be physically separated
from parking areas with a
1.5m landscaped planter bed
that includes sufficient
landscaping to screen views to
a maximum height of 1m. Illustration of drive-through lanes located behind the
building as is required by the UDS.
3. Adequate queuing distances,
based on expected use, shall
be provided to prevent vehicle
traffic from blocking streets,
pedestrian ways, or onsite
circulation.

This photo shows a landscaped An auto-oriented use with a Landscaped planter bed
planter bed separating the sensitive design treatment that separating a drive-through bank
parking area from a drive- makes it more visually teller from the parking area, and
through lane as required by the appealing. vehicle travel lanes.
UDM.

9-2
B. Display Lots Section 10-
Landscaping &
1. The storage areas for vehicle 4. Display areas along the street Public Spaces should
inventory, and vehicles being frontage may be raised up to a
be referred to when
serviced, shall meet the maximum of 2m above
landscape requirements of grade, provided these designing these
parking lots relating to areas include: display areas.
screening. a. Special landscaping Drawing of display lot with
treatments to raised display areas as is
2. Vehicle displays should be highlight the display permitted in the UDM..
located no closer to the street area;
than the required building b. Task-specific
setback. lighting; and,
c. The maximum
3. Buildings on vehicle sales frontage dedicated
sites may be set back from the for these raised
frontage setback line to allow vehicle display
up to 2 rows of parking and or areas shall be 50%,
vehicle inventory between the with a total
building and street. In such maximum frontage
cases an enhanced pedestrian display area of 75%
walkway shall be provided (all remaining Photo of a raised vehicle
from the sidewalk to the frontage areas shall display area as is permitted
building entrance. be landscaped to in the UDM.
enhance the
aesthetic quality of
the streetscape).

9-3
C. Automobile Canopies &
Bays
1. Drive-through, car wash and 4. Multiple bays for drive-
service bay structures shall be through, car washes, or The lighting
the minimum height necessary service facilities shall requirements of
for their intended use. provide architectural or Section 6-Site Layout
landscape features to should be referred to
2. These structures shall be provide a visual break when designing
compatible in design and separating every three these canopies.
materials with the architectural bays.
elements of the main building. Drive-through canopy designed with a roof pitch
5. Canopies shall be no closer to similar to the building it is attached to.
3. The primary street frontage the street than the main
shall not be dominated by the building. Drop off areas as
drive-through canopy or bay defined in the UMD are
component of the exempt.
development.
6. Columns supporting canopies
should be of sufficient
thickness to portray a visual
sense of strength and balance.

A large drop-off in a hotel/ Vehicle canopy that uses the


resort complex in front of the same materials as the building
building that includes so that it is more aesthetically
significant areas for landscaping. fitting.

Source: Google

9-4
A. General Design 10-2 Purpose
B. Planter Strips 10-7 The purpose of landscaping is to: add The standards in this Section are intended
C. Street Trees 10-8 visual interest; define pedestrian zones; to direct the design characteristics of
D. Frontage Plantings 10-9 distinguishing private and public realms; project landscaping and public spaces so
delineate different spaces and use areas that new development is safe, attractive,
E. Perimeter Plantings 10-10 on site; contribute to comfort and health and environmentally sensitive, and
F. Foundation Plantings 10-11 of users; provide visual screens and supports the livability of Collingwood.
G. Tree Canopy 10-12 buffers for incompatible uses; define the
H. Pedestrian Connections 10-13 streetwall; and provide environmental
benefits associated with air and water
I. Screening 10-15 quality and habitat protection.
J. Parking Lot Landscaping 10-17
The relationship between landscaping,
K. Parks 10-19 paths, activity nodes, and public parks,
L. Outdoor Amenity Spaces 10-23 outdoor spaces, buildings, parking areas,
M. Play Spaces 10-26 and open spaces needs to be taken
N. Community Gardens 10-29 seriously in the design of new
developments; as these work together as
major features of the community’s
physical form.
The design of public spaces, and their
connections to other areas and uses,
impacts the livability of the community
through their structures, their
interconnected network, and the influence
they have on the way public life is lived.
Therefore, public spaces shall be
arranged, designed, and concentrated to
be activity nodes. These shall be
supported with convenient, safe and
attractive connections, creating an
interconnected network of public places
throughout the community.

10-1
A. General Design
1. Developments shall create a landscape o. Provides comfort for users of Plant Materials
plan that through the use of a variety of outdoor spaces; and, 6. As much as practical, landscaping shall
plant species, and a mix of ground p. Provides a continuous landscaped limit environmental impacts and enhance
covers, shrubs, and trees, achieves the connection between buildings, habitat through:
following as applicable to the proposal: streets, parking areas, and project a. The use of hearty native plants and
a. Enclose spaces; boundaries. non-invasive plants; and,
b. Defines prominent features such as DR b. Minimize or eliminate the need for
entrances and activity areas; irrigation.
c. Focuses attention on buildings and 2. It is the applicant’s responsibility to
landmark features; ensure that all landscape features, soil 7. Plant, shrub, and tree species shall be
d. Adds visual interest to the project augmentation, irrigation, planting plans, appropriate to the general climate zone
and streetscape; and all associated details be designed to for Collingwood, and specific micro
e. Creates visual interest through function properly for their intended use, climate conditions for the site. The
seasonal variations in plant materials; location, maintenance, and the health of accepted Canadian Hardiness Zone for
f. Defines pedestrian zones; landscape plant materials. Collingwood is Zone 5a.
g. Defines public and private spaces
and different uses; 3. Landscaping shall be used to delineate 8. Unless otherwise noted herein, required
h. Adds to the general comfort and sun all trails developed as part of the trees shall meet the following:
health of site users; Collingwood trail system. a. Deciduous trees shall be a minimum
i. Provides visual screens and buffers of 50mm caliper size;
for incompatible uses; 4. All landscaped planter beds adjacent to b. Coniferous trees shall be fully
j. Defines the streetwall; vehicular areas shall be protected by a branched and a minimum of 2.0m in
k. Provides environmental benefits minimum 6-inch-high concrete curb. DR height at the time of planting;
associated with air and water quality c. All trees shall be supplied balled and
and habitat protection; 5. Primary entrances for pedestrians, as burlaped or in wire baskets.
l. Provides visual and physical linkages well as those for vehicles, shall be
between various green spaces, open emphasized by landscape features that 9. Turf grass is acceptable as ground cover
spaces, and outdoor activity spaces; use plant materials with a greater variety in landscape areas provided:
m.Provides safe and effective play of seasonal interest, texture and colour a. It is not used in planter beds of less
spaces; compared to the rest of the site design. than 1.5m measured in any
n. Improves the aesthetic qualities of DR direction; and,
parking areas and stormwater b. Not less than 4.5m2 in area.
management facilities;

10-2
A. General Design
Fences & Walls Landscape Materials
10.When used, fences, railings, 12.Exposed non-living materials
and landscape walls shall use may not be used for more than
materials and colours to 15% of the total landscape
complement the architectural area and excludes the areas of
design of the adjacent temporary coverage allowed
buildings/development, and for all plants and ground cover
shall be constructed of metal maturity.
brick, stone, or wood.
13.Decorative bollards may be
11.Walls and fences which are integrated into landscape
visible from public right-of designs.
ways, pedestrian walkways
and trails, parks, and other 14.Metal planters, accessory
public spaces, shall not run in features, and street furniture
a continuous plane for more for publicly accessible areas,
than 15m without shall be designed and
incorporating at least one of manufactured of sturdy
the following: materials that are easy to
a. A minimum of 0.75m maintain; resistant to
change in height for at vandalism; and long-lived,
least 3m; through their manufacturing
b. Use of pilasters at material or finish
intervals, on property (such as powder-
corners or at changes in coating metal for
wall/fence planes; example).
c. Sections of open metal
fencing combined with
accent planting;
d. Planting enclaves at
intervals to provide visual
interest.

10-3
A. General Design
15.In high-activity areas, tree
guards should be installed to
protect the tree trunks from
damage. The
requirements of
16.Landscaped areas shall be other UDM Sections
designed to be protected from should be referred to,
damage by vehicles, with and integrated into the
features such as raised curbs, landscape
and/or decorative bollards. designs.

10-4
B. Planter Beds
1. Planter beds without trees
shall be a minimum of 1.5m
wide.

2. Planter beds (including


boulevards along streets) with
trees shall be a minimum of
2.4m.

3. Planter beds/islands located


within a parking area
(separating drive lanes) shall
be at least 3m wide.

A landscaped planter bed along Landscaped planter bed/island


a street. in a vehicle entry way.

Source: Ontario Ministry of


Energy and Infrastructure

10-5
C. Street Trees
1. Street trees shall be required 4. Based on design merit,
along both sides of all streets alternative spacing of street
(exempting laneways), for all trees may be permitted.
divisions of land and
developments. Street trees
shall generally be located
between the drive lanes and
sidewalk. The exact location
of street trees shall be based
on the street/highway section
approved by the Town. An example of a tree-lined street, as is required by the
UDM.
2. Where right-of-way is too
narrow for street tree planting, Source: Dan Burden
easements may be required to
accommodate the trees.

3. The following standards shall


apply to the installation of
street trees:
a. Be spaced 10m on centre;
b. Be of a hearty species
specifically suited to the
street context (the Town
may prescribe acceptable
species).

10-6
D. Frontage Plantings
1. Building setback areas shall
be fully landscaped to provide
visual interest, accent the
building architecture and bring
a sense of nature into the
urban environment, excepting Example of frontage area
areas used for the following: dedicated to landscaping as
a. Infrastructure for active per the UDM requirements.
transportation;
b. Public art;
c. Stormwater facilities that
are designed as an
aesthetic amenity;
d. Outdoor amenity spaces;
and/or
e. Outdoor seating for
restaurants, cafés, or
similar uses; and,
f. areas used for vehicle
lanes and parking.

10-7
E. Perimeter Plantings
1. A minimum 2m landscaped Industrial urban-rural interface
perimeter shall be provided 4. Industrial subdivisions and
along rear lot lines and be developments shall provide a
designed as an attractive perimeter along the urban-rural
buffer and/or screen. DR interface meeting the following:
a. Be at least 8m wide;
2. For non-residential uses, a b. Contains coniferous and
minimum 2m landscape deciduous trees and
perimeter shall be provided shrubs planted in a
along side yard lot lines, from naturalized pattern and
the rear edge of the building to design while providing a
the rear property line (where visual barrier of the
this does not disrupt other site industrial development
functions) and shall be from neighbouring sites;
designed as an attractive c. Provide all-season visual
buffer. barrier for a minimum of
80% of the perimeter.
3. A minimum 3m wide
landscape perimeter shall be If fencing is provided in these
provided along the trail corridor areas, it shall be combined with
with the following plantings to create a cohesive
characteristics: design effect, that is aesthetically
a. Tree canopy above 2.4m; pleasing and maintains the visual
b. and shrubs below 1.0m; barrier requirements described
and, above.
c. Screening plantings may
be required along
residential sites. DR

10-8
F. Foundation Plantings
1. 2m wide foundation planting
beds shall be provided along
all buildings. These shall be
landscaped to provide visual
interest and should
complement the building(s)
and entire landscape plan for
the site. Sides of buildings not
visible from public areas, such
as loading areas, are exempt.
Other sides of buildings may Foundation landscaping may incorporate xeriscape
be exempt based on overall designs such as the one pictured above
design merit. DR

Uses, such as storefronts, may


be exempted based on design
merit and practicability.

Buildings with zero lot-line


arrangements are excepted from
this requirement.

10-9
G. Tree Canopy
1. All sites shall provide
sufficient tree cover to create
tree canopy shade over at
minimum of 30% of the site
area, with particular attention
to hard surface areas. This
includes large parking lots.
Tree canopy size is
calculated at maturity. DR

10-10
H. Pedestrian Section 8-Active
Connections Transportation should
be reviewed in
Frontage Walkway Mid-block pedestrian connection to these
1. Frontage walkways shall be connection requirements.
provided when a rear-loaded 3. Mid-block pedestrian Example of a frontage
lot has vehicular access by connections (as
walkway for detached
laneway and therefore there is provided or may be
no street-side sidewalk along required by the UDM) residential units that have
the building frontage. shall: vehicular access from a
a. Generally be laneway and front a public
2. Frontage walkways as per 1. located mid-block; or common space.
above, shall include the b. Be aligned with
following: streets, walkways Source: Peter French
a. A landscaped planter bed and trails; and,
with shade trees spaced at c. Run the full width of
10m intervals; and, a block, or from a
b. Pedestrian-oriented block frontage to a
lighting. public space.
An example of a frontage
4. Mid-block pedestrian
walkway for residential
connections shall
contain at a minimum: units fronting a public park.
a. A 3m wide hard As required by the UDM,
surface walkway; this site provides shade trees
b. Landscaped planter along the walkway.
beds on either side
of the walkway; Source: Google

10-11
H. Pedestrian
Connections
c. Shade trees spaced at
10m intervals along both
planter beds, with at least An example of a mid-block
one tree at each end of pedestrian connection.
each; and,
Source: Karen Delucas
d. Include fencing along the
edge of all adjacent
residential lots provided:
i. It is limited to a
maximum of 1.2m in
height; and,
ii. It is no closer to the
street than the front
setback.

Drawing of a mid-block
pedestrian walkway. The
UDM requires these to
include shade trees.

10-12
I. Screening
1. The design considerations for buffers 3. Screening may be achieved through any d. Partially enclosed building additions
and screening of nuisances or unwanted combination of the following as that house the use(s) being screened;
impacts shall meet the following: approved by the Town: e. Free standing partial enclosures;
a. The buffer/screen shall be a. Use of landscaping with coniferous and,
appropriately located to most and deciduous species that restrict f. Land forms such as berms and
effectively obscure the view of the visual access from affected areas; rockeries;
nuisances or unwanted impact; b. Decorative fencing and wall g. Existing vegetation may be
b. The depth of the buffer/screen mass combinations; integrated into screening designs if
shall be relative to the strength or c. Fully enclosed building additions; fitting with the overall landscape
magnitude of the nuisance or plan.
unwanted impact;
c. Use a combination of plants; 4. Fencing and walls used for screening
d. Grading shall be used to enhance shall be used in combination with
the effectiveness and visual interest plantings.
of the buffer where practicable;
e. The height of the screen is as 5. Fencing for screening and security
important as its width or depth and should be set behind landscaped areas
shall be designed accordingly in as viewed from off site.
terms of screening nuisance or
unwanted impacts; and, 6. Screening walls adjacent to public
f. The buffer shall be designed to be sidewalks shall be decorative and may
aesthetically pleasing. be required to be combined with planter
beds and landscaping to improve the
An example of a screening wall that uses frosted
2. Screening of uses and activities to aesthetics of the design.
reduce visual impacts on adjacent uses glass. The UDM allows for alternative design
and sites, shall be designed with a approaches such as this provided they are part of a 7. Vehicle storage, mechanical equipment,
minimum 3m wide planter bed running cohesive design strategy. trash and recycling receptacles, product
the full length of the area/feature to be storage, and service areas are to be
Source: Dawn Easterday
screened. screened from streets, parks, public
spaces, and pedestrian
walkways.

10-13
I. Screening
8. When considering earth berms
or grade changes for purposes
of sound control, they shall:
a. Be designed so that the
source of the noise is also
visually isolated from the
receiver; and,
b. The berm is continuous.

9. Berms for sound attenuation


shall be landscaped to create
aesthetically pleasing features.

10-14
J. Parking Lot Landscaping
Parking lots have the potential to dominate 1. A 3m-wide perimeter planter bed for and in turn the amount of landscaping
a site, resulting in developments that are screening & trees shall be required materials.
less attractive, diminish the streetscape and around parking areas with the following
make the community less people-oriented. minimal requirements: 3. A 3m-wide landscaped planter bed shall
The following requirements define a. Shade trees shall be spaced at 10m be provided between alternating rows of
landscape design parameters that reduce intervals; and, parking stalls (i.e. for every fourth parallel
b. Screening which provides a visual row of parking). These shall be
the negative impacts of parking areas while
barrier with a maximum height of landscaped and include shade trees
ensuring that they are useable, safe and 1.0m to promote personal safety. planted at 10m intervals; and shall
attractive for the community and be combined with pedestrian
neighbouring developments. 2. Surface parking lots that take up a walkways where practical.
portion of the street frontage shall
increase the perimeter planter bed to
4.0m in width along the street frontage,

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magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
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Tia non obScreening
The pedestrian walkway The walkway in this parking around a parking
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. ea soluad incommod quae egen
through this parking lot is area is combined with area that still affords views
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
combined with a landscaped landscape islands between into the parking area for
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
planter bed. Similar facing rows of parking stalls. improved security.
requirements
Consectetuer are included
arcu ipsum ornareinpellentesque
The UDM defines similar
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
the UDM, including requirements.
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis
requirements for shade trees.. Source: Dan Burden

10-15
J. Parking Lot Landscaping
4. Parking lots with less than 80
stalls (and as an alternative for
larger lots) may be exempted
from number 3, above, by
providing a minimum of 15%
landscape coverage of parking
areas. This shall include
landscaping (in the form of
landscaped planter beds
which include shade trees),
that is distributed throughout Parking lot screening that incorporates plants and
the parking area. To be decorative fencing.
counted toward the 15%,
landscaped areas must have
minimum dimensions of 4m X
4m and be fully landscaped.

10-16
K. Parks
1. Parks shall contain such accessory or e. Bike parking for as many bikes as 2. At least 50% of the seating should be
complementary structures and determined appropriate for the primary (chairs or benches).
improvements as are necessary and intended use of the space;
appropriate for the benefit and f. Trash & recycling receptacles;
enjoyment of residents based on the g. Landscaping and other
size, type, purpose, and program of the improvements to clearly delineate
park, including at a minimum: different spaces;
a. Pedestrian-oriented lighting; h. A landscape plan that provides an
b. Seating, including seating that aesthetic and cohesive design image
affords opportunities for child for the entire park;
minders to view play areas when i. Walkways connecting the different
applicable; spaces within the park; and,
c. Shade for seating areas; j. Provide both hard surface and
d. Electrical services; landscaped areas.

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
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reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
An example of an entry cillum. TiaAnnon
example
ob eaof soluad
decorative
incommodPark with
quae play cillum.
egen Tia non obWalkways
space clearly ea soluadmay be used atquae
incommod the egen
Seating in a park may take
feature into a larger park. design for ledge seating. delineated with planter area, edges of parks, as an many different forms. Here
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
while maintaining visual alternative to sidewalks as the seating is located within a
Source: Peter French Source:
est laborum Et Dawn
harumd Easterday
dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
access for passive shown here. structure.
surveillance.
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat Dan
Source: felisBurden
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

10-17
K. Parks
3. When providing primary b. Landscaped planter beds;
(chairs or benches) or c. Hedges;
secondary (walls, steps, d. Decorative brick, stone or
planter ledges) seating, the metal fencing (no greater
latter count as seating if of a than 1.5m in height);
height not less than 0.4m or e. Buildings; and/or,
more than 0.8m and depth not f. Public art.
less than 0.3m, and
specifically arranged for use 7. Parks shall be designed to be
as seating. visible and accessible to users
and shall have pedestrian Example of a park with defined edge, seating, and
4. Seating configuration shall be connections to both sides of a walkways.
designed to provide users with block on which they are
a choice between social and located; and, shall be Source: Google
quiet seating areas through designed to be physically and
their design. visually accessible from the
adjacent street right-of-way
5. Generally larger parks should and abutting development.
be designed to be of a regular
shape; setting aside the centre 8. For large parks, such as those
as an unbroken space and with sports fields, pedestrian
lining the perimeter with well- routes shall be provided that
defined smaller, more intimate, reflect desire lines, particularly
spaces with seating and those that originate
shade. at street
intersection
6. The perimeter of parks should locations.
be clearly defined by any
combination of:
a. Shade trees planted with
10m spacing, or groupings
of trees;

10-18
K. Parks
9. Landscaping in park spaces 13.Parks with a circumference of
shall have a significant 400m or greater may be
amount of vegetation and required to provide a walking/
plantings which reflect the running trail around their
changing seasons and provide perimeter. Portions of these
a tree canopy. trails may be substituted for
sidewalks along street
10.Based on the design, size, frontages.
and expected use, park
entrance design may be
required to provide amenities This park has elements that are required by the UDM:
including visitor drop-off and street frontage; street trees; sidewalk; walkways
wayfinding signage.
connecting to the next nearest block; clearly

11.Event spaces shall be delineated spaces.


designed so that they are Source: Google
effectively delineated with
features and landscaping in
such a way that the main
event area remains unbroken
with paths around it. Where
size permits, they may be
required to include: formal
gardens, pavilions, interpretive
displays and public art.

12.Within parks, walkways shall


link the major elements and
entrances.

10-19
K. Parks
14.Parks shall have direct public
access from a street.

15.Parks shall be designed and


arranged so that design
elements, features and
landscaping guide the viewer
into the main space(s) while
generally maintaining views of
the primary space from the
primary entry. Park with entrance feature; walkway; fencing; and
landscaping elements that delineate different spaces.
16.Entries shall incorporate a
Similar characteristics of parks are required by the
variety of elements to highlight
their importance to the park’s UDM.
function and to assist in Source: Canada Lands Company
wayfinding.

10-20
L. Outdoor Amenity Spaces
1. Outdoor amenity spaces (as required by and visually define the space and i. Provide shade structures or shade
the UDM) shall be designed to meet the provide visual interest; trees.
following as applicable to the specific f. Include fixed and/or movable
site use, and level of public access, for seating; 2. Outdoor amenity spaces shall be
which it is associated: g. Be raised to curb height; designed so that the relationship
a. Define the street wall; h. Include decorative pavement between the space and adjacent
b. Provide a pedestrian-oriented space; materials (for example: pavers, buildings allows the buildings to provide
c. Have a minimum dimension of 4m in cobble stone, stamped concrete or spatial enclosure and create a sense of
any direction; other similar materials; and/or, shelter and comfort for users.
d. The space should have a unified inlayed art works such as tile or
image and be perceived as an etched plaques). Asphalt is
extension of the pedestrian network; prohibited from use in outdoor
e. Include a combination of landscape amenity spaces; and,
and hard surface design to physically

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.

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vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

10-21
L. Outdoor Amenity Spaces
3. Outdoor amenity spaces f. Public art; and/or,
should be defined by g. Other effective landscape
enclosure from buildings and or design features based
a cohesive landscape design on overall design merit.
while only being completely
enclosed in rare instances 6. For large large outdoor
based on design merit. amenity spaces pedestrian
routes shall be provided that
4. Outdoor amenity spaces, reflect desire lines
should generally be particularly at
configured so that the width is street intersection
at least 1/3 the length. Greater locations.
ratios may be used for spaces
designed to channel
pedestrian movement.

5. The perimeter of large outdoor


amenity spaces (such as
those resulting from combined
amenity spaces with a
courtyard or plaza like setting)
shall be clearly defined by:
a. Shade trees planted with
10m spacing; and,
b. Landscaped planter beds;
and/or, A decorative shelter structure An example of an outdoor
c. Hedges; and/or, that includes a vegetated roof. amenity space combined with a
d. Decorative brick, stone or pedestrian connection through
metal fencing (no greater the block to a parking area.
than 1.5 m in height); and/
or,
e.Buildings; and/or,

10-22
L. Outdoor Amenity Spaces
Gathering/Waiting Areas
7. The gathering/waiting areas
provided outside theatres,
cinemas, houses of worship,
and other similar uses (as per
the requirements of the UDM)
shall be designed to be large
enough to support the
expected number of people,
and shall provide appropriate
pedestrian-oriented amenities,
street furniture and
landscaping.

An example of a decorative Landscape planters are used to


water feature included in an defined the edges of a seating
outdoor amenity space. area in this public space.

10-23
M. Play Spaces
1. The fundamental principles for the 2. All play spaces shall incorporate the e. Seating for adults that allows for
planning and design of play spaces shall following elements in their design: passive surveillance;
include: a. Natural features and landscaping to f. Surface treatments necessary to
a. Diversity; provide play opportunities; provide accessibility for both
b. Sequences of movements; b. All-season play with particular playground users and those
c. Manipulation; attention to plant materials that accompanying or watching over
d. Stimulus for cognitive play; highlight seasonal changes; users;
e. Stimulus for social play and c. Variety of play opportunities, g. Low-level pedestrian-oriented
interaction; including quiet activity; security lighting for playground use
f. Graduated challenge; and, d. Seating scaled for young people as in early evening hours;
g. Safety and security. well as adults; h. Turf areas;

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dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore dolor in reprehend incididunt ut labore et dolore
magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip
ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in
reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse molestaie
cillum. Tia non ob ea soluad incommod quae egen cillum. Tia non obNatural play incommod
ea soluad spaces integrate An example of a natural play
quae egen
natural material into their space integrated into a larger
ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id ium improb fugiend. Officia deserunt mollit anim id
designs as shown here. park.
est laborum Et harumd dereud. est laborum Et harumd dereud.
Source: Adam Bienenstock Source: Helle Nebelong
Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque
vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis

10-24
M. Play Spaces
i. Equipment shall be 6. Play spaces should be located
spaced to provide safe along secondary pedestrian
and comfortable traffic pathways, and primary
flow around it; and, pedestrian routes should not
j. Shade plantings and/or separate adult supervision
structures. areas from the play
space.
3. Play spaces shall have clear
visibility to streets,
neighbouring uses, and
neighbouring residents to An example of how a tree can be used as a feature in a
provide passive surveillance. natural play space, when it is appropriately designed
and constructed.
4. To facilitate accessibility for
persons with disabilities, Source: Adam Bienenstock
where practicable, play
equipment should include
features that can be used by
children with attendant adults;
for example, double-width
slides.

5. Small play spaces that are


specifically defined in a larger
park, or as stand-alone sites
should generally be sized on a
minimum of 7m2 per child
served.

10-25
M. Play Spaces
Natural Play Spaces 9. In addition to the requirements
7. The design of natural play defined above, natural play
spaces shall predominantly spaces shall include the
use landscape features, following:
landforms, natural materials, a. Topographic changes in
and plantings to achieve the the form of berms,
intended uses and rockeries, and other similar
requirements of this Section of features; and,
the UDS. b. Interpretive signage
describing the natural
8. In addition to 1. above, natural features of the play space, The slope through the willow tunnel makes the slides
play spaces shall be designed and information relating to accessible to children in wheelchairs.
to provided opportunities for: the unique characteristics
a. Play that utilizes upper of the natural play space. Source: Helle Nebelong
body and lower body
gross motor skills;
b. Play utilizing fine motor
skills;
c. Social and creative play;
d. Solitary as well as group
play;
e. Direct interaction with
natural materials and the
environment;
f. All season play with
particular attention to plant Natural play spaces may still Natural play spaces allow A centrally located play space
materials that highlight provide many of the traditional children access to natural that is easily accessible and
seasonal changes; and, play equipment, with the added materials such as shown in this visible from the residences,
g. Play opportunities with benefit of opportunities for image. making it convenient and safe.
loose materials.
creative play that utilized Source: Helle Nebelong Source: Ontario Ministry of
natural materials as shown here. Energy and Infrastructure

10-26
N. Community
Gardens
1. Community gardens shall be i. Provide accessible,
designed to meet the pedestrian walkway from
following: the sidewalk, or adjacent
a. Be located adjacent to, or spaces as may be
integrated with other appropriate; and,
amenities such as parks; j. Low-level security lighting
playgrounds; trailheads; for use in early evening
outdoor amenity spaces; hours.
b. Be well defined by
perimeter hedges and/or 2. Community gardens shall be
fencing with a maximum arranged on a site to afford
height of 1.5m; views from neighbouring uses
c. Include a water source; and public areas as much as
d. Include a decorative practical to provide passive
gateway feature; surveillance.
e. Provide seating and shade
plantings and/or
structures;
f. Include interpretive
signage;
g. May include accessory
structures necessary for
gardening equipment
storage;
h. Integrate raised planting
beds that provide
accessibility for persons
with mobility issues or who
use wheelchairs;

10-27
The following is sourced (with minor amendments) from the Town of Collingwood Subdivision Guidelines, appendix D, Authors:
Hough Woodland Naylor Dance Leinster; C.C. Tatham & Associates; Bob Greenberg, Architect.

ARCHITECTURAL THEMES

Each of the three suggested themes or styles has its own distinct “vocabulary” of forms, proportions, materials and details, which
establishes its identity. The following data briefly describe these characteristics for each style, and shall be used to develop the design
of residential buildings in combination with the other specific requirements as described within the UDM:

A. LOCAL HERITAGE STYLE

This is, in general, a range of styles under the overall label of Local Heritage Style. The architecture has a historic look and feel. The
“Sub-styles” are Victorian, Gothic Revival, Italianate, French Empire and Queen Anne. While each has its specific characteristics (see
diagrams and illustrations), they all share common basic forms of design.

Massing: ranging from a simple rectangular box to complex, multiple forms having wings, projecting bay windows, and/or balconies
and porches. One to two storey, some sub-styles having either a third floor attic, with or without dormer space, and turrets.

Scale: “Human” scale, but generous, that is: with relatively high floor-to-floor levels and very tall openings (6 feet or more).

Roof Profile/Massing: complex roof forms, dormers and cupolas/belvederes. Multiple roof levels and offsets resulting in complex roof
intersections. Roof forms are varied from gabled to mansard. Gable types vary (standard, gambrel, jerkin). Hipped roof variations are
also found. Roof ridgelines are not uniform, with sometimes complicated vertical variation. Roof slopes are steep (1:1 is usual).

Fenestration/Openings: the windows are generally tall and narrow: 2:1 ratio, with or without arched lintels. Shutters are common.
Doors are topped by transoms and often have sidelights. Large “picture” windows, small casement sliding windows and single sheet
glazed sliding doors should not be used. Double-hung windows are to be used.

A-1
Materials: brick masonry (with contrasting, coloured quoins at the corners, drip course moldings and cornice lines), wood (clapboard,
drop-siding, board and batten), stone masonry, stucco and terra cotta tile.

Details: All details should conform to the vocabulary of the various sub-styles (i.e., Victorian, Gothic Revival, Italianate, Mansard,
French Empire or Queen Anne). The details can be simplified interpretations of the historic precedents, but must rigorously conform to
the proper proportions and scale of the originals.

Elements Specific to the Local Heritage “Style”: There are a number of elements found in all sub-styles of this style. They should be
designed as follows:

• Porches: Porches shall be either full frontage on main façades, front and side on corner lots, and may be front and side on mid-
block lots with wide/narrow side yards. Rear porches should be the same design as front porches. An entrance porch limited to
the main entry is acceptable so long as it produces the style of the building consistently. All porches must have traditional” style
wood railings, newels, etc. All porches must have an architrave, or main beam, on top of the porch posts directly under the
soffit, supporting brackets to the soffit, where appropriate. The porch posts must have appropriate capitals, and brackets.
Porches must be a minimum of 2m deep.

• Bay Windows: Bay windows should be designed to reflect the style of the building, using window forms/details similar to the
other windows on the façade. Bay windows may be of contrasting material to the main façade (e.g. wood bay window on brick
façade). They should be highly ornamented.

• Turrets/Towers: Turrets should be topped by conical roofs if cylindrical and pyramidal roof if square in plan. They should have
windows in them similar to the windows in the main façade.

• Balconies: These may project beyond the façade (but within the zoning regulations) and may be of wood or cast-iron with
appropriate style in details.

• Front Entrances: These are the major features of this style of building. They should be surrounded with a highly-ornamented
casing. Storm doors should match the style, colour and trim of the main entrance doors.

• Dormers: Dormers should be gabled, not shed style. Variations (arched, triangular) are acceptable. Dormer roofs should have
slopes matching those of the main roof or steeper.

A-2
• Chimneys: Chimneys should be of masonry (brick or stone) with decorated cornices and splayed base courses. Wood sheathed
chimneys are not acceptable. Masonry chimneys may have pilasters and reveals as an enrichment of their form.

• Brick details: Details reinforce the decorative aspects of the style. Detailling treatments include splayed arched and vertical (flat
arch) lintels, pilasters, quoins and brick banding, string coursing, base corbelling and various bond treatments (soldier coursed,
Flemish bond, common bond, etc.) The details are to be emphasized by projecting the brick a minimum of ½” from the face of
the wall.
• Pre-cast stone: Sills, keystones and belt courses are also to be used. The springers of arches may also be of stone.

• Window shutters: Shutters should be half the width of the window to be covered, held back with shutter dogs and shaped so
that their closed configuration exactly matches the window opening. Windows set into wood siding should be surrounded by
jamb trims with a minimum of 4” width.

• All soffits: Soffits should extend beyond the walls not less than l2. Mansard soffits should be a minimum of 18”.
• Skylights: Skylights should be located on rear roof slopes and be unobtrusive. Skylights are not part of this style but can be
carefully emplaced. Skylights should have multi-planed lights, not single glazed sheets.

Subsidiary Site Structures: These would be detached sheds or garages. In some instances the garage may be “attached” to the main
building as a wing. The garages/sheds should conform to the sub-style of the main building. They may be of wood (or brick masonry, if
the main building is brick). There are a number of ways to provide the garage on site:

• Detached (in either side or rear yard)


• Attached with no habitable space over;
• Attached with a habitable space above, including fully-incorporated into the main building.

The roof form of any detached garage or attached garage with no habitable space above should conform to the roof style of the main
building (slope materials, gable treatments). Garage detached from the main building and placed in rear yards is preferred in this style.

A-3
When a garage is placed so that it projects into the front yard the following guidelines should be observed:
• The garage should not project more than 3.0 metres from the main front wall.
• The garage should not take up more than 1/2 of the main façade. Its impact on the façade can be minimized by manipulating
the building mass (giving the appearance of, or locating habitable space above the garage and “integrating the garage thereby,
into the massing of the main building) or by moving the front wall closer to the street (reducing the projection of the garage
façade) and by providing a porch or veranda adjacent to the main façade at the garage emphasizing the entrance and reducing
the apparent projection of the garage.

The garage doors should conform in style to that of the openings, windows and doors of the main building. Windows should be
provided in the garage doors. The floor level of the garage should not be greatly lower than the main finished floor elevation of the
dwelling unit, to minimize the possibility of an excessive amount of all cladding above the garage doors. Single-bay garages are
preferred. If double-bay garages are used the doors should be placed as if they were single bays.

In order to reduce the appearance of excessive wall above the garage door, it is possible to lower the soffit/eave line if there is no
space use above the garage). Add decorative banding/coursing (in wood or masonry), or add a false window in scale over the doors, or
add a transom in a range over the doors. Arched lintels are acceptable here, but should maintain the style of the façade.

Decoration/Ornamentation: Polychrome masonry, terra cotta tile inserts and stone or cast stone details can be used to increase the
decorative effect of the building. Ornamentation is to be used to emphasize the main compositional elements of the building (cornices,
base/foundation plinths, porch eaves, gable edges, window/door surrounds, chimney stacks). Cast-iron details such as brackets,
weather vanes, light supports and railings, as well as roof combs can be used.

Colour: Colour ranges in this style (and sub-style), are quite diverse. Gothic Revival and Italianate sub-styles use pale, light colours
(buffs, pale reds, pale blues, pale greens, light yellow, white, grey). Empire and Queen Anne colours tend to be darker and dull (browns.
greys, dark blues, reds and dark greens). Bright colours are used on trim and decoration, and as accents. Window trims: decorative
hands, cornices and quoins etc. are all painted! coloured in highly-contrasting colours to emphasize their position on the façade.
“Polychrome” is common.

A-4
B. LAKESHORE AND MOUNTAINSIDE RECREATION

There are two variants in the style both characterized by a more casual” and relaxed” feeling of the design. This is reflected in less
formal roadway layout, and more naturalistic landscape designs. In this style of subdivision, the site plan to needs ensure that
appropriate emergency vehicle access, visitor parking and utility and municipal service access is addressed.

Massing: In general, relatively simple, rectangular box in form, with a few subsidiary projections. Projecting bay windows, porches,
verandas and balconies are used. Generally one or two storeys, rarely three storeys (usually as an attic space).

Scale: “Human” scale, but relatively low in height commensurate with the “cabin” or “cottage” feeling openings at conventional
heights.

Roof Profile/Massing: Rooflines are relatively simple in this style. The roof slopes are generally 6:12; flatter slopes are less acceptable,
dormers are not usual in this style.

Fenestration/Openings: Windows are generally broad rectangles, with ratios ranging from 1.2:1 to 1.5:1, placed either vertically or
horizontally. Windows are large-paned, can be casement, sliding or double hung (this last is more rare). Windows should be trimmed
with a minimum 4” wide surround, with simple sill and head trim. Shutters may be used. Doors are simple planes, glazed or blank, and
sliding doors are allowed in this style.

Materials: are generally those which imply a “recreational — resort” environment. For lakeshore locations, the materials must reflect a
“maritime” theme (e.g. wood, painted metal). Wood siding is the most common in either clapboard and batten, or diagonal siding as the
main building. Brick and stone are not used. Stucco may be used. In mountainside locations (or locations simulating mountain
recreation sites), brick and/or stone may be used for detailling and for portions of the exterior. The overall impression would still be that
of a wooden building.

Details: All details should conform to the vocabulary of recreational styles. They should be very utilitarian, with no ornament. Simple,
clear, and direct lines and forms are the essence. Connections (bolts, angles etc.) can be made manifest, without any cover plates etc.
to express the “freedom” of the style, and its emphasis on clarity and simplicity.

A-5
Elements Specific to the Lakeshore and Mountainside Recreational Style: There are a number of building elements commonly
found in buildings of this style. They are:
• Railings: Painted metal or undecorated painted wood. These are generally strictly utilitarian in their appearance, with no
ornament.
• Balconies and terraces: Usually un-roofed, with simple railings as above, with deck flooring.
• Porch fronts: When used, are simple forms, uncomplicated shapes, undecorated columns, and no ornamental trim.
• Chimneys: Plain, undecorated, (wood clad) simple forms.
• Corner Treatments: Can vary from direct intersection of clap boar/drop riding at corners or emplacement of corner stops with
the siding butt-jointed at the edge of the stop.
• Small turrets: Turrets can be added at corner buildings, end units, or row houses. The turrets would be small-scale, polygonal
form (not circular-cylindrical), as befits wood construction, using the same siding as the overall building. Many variations of
turrets are available.

Subsidiary or Secondary Site Structures: These would be detached garages or sheds. In some instances, the garage would be
integrated into the main building.

The garage in this style is usually directly connected to the main residence. It can either be as a thrust, or projected, wing, or actually
within the building form. Two alternatives are possible for which there are many variations:

• attached with no habitable space over garage;


• attached with habitable space over (which may be either projected or fully incorporated within the main residence).

The roof of the garage with no habitable space over should be the same form, texture, slope and material as the main residence.

When the garage (either with or without habitable space above) is placed so it projects into the front yard, the following guidelines
should be observed:

• The garage wing should not project more than 3.0 metres from the face of the main front wall;

A-6
• The garage frontage should not take up more than 1/2 of the main facade. Its impact on the façade should be minimized. In the
case where there is no habitable space above the façade, building mass/roof slopes can be arranged to reduce the appearance
of the garage wall by lowering the garage roof eave line, for example. Another approach is to give the impression of habitable
space above the garage, implying a similarity in building use/mass.

The garage impact on the façade can be minimized by moving the main wall closer (reducing the projected wing) or adding a porch
and/or balcony along the front. A terrace or roof deck can be placed above the garage implying a “recreational” use.

The garage doors should be simple rectangular forms. Windows would be optional. Trim would be minimal. The floor level of the garage
should not be much below that of the main finished floor elevation. This would reduce the possibility of an excessively exposed wall
space above the garage door.

Decoration/Ornamentation: There is no use of ornament in this style. Any decoration is confined to detail at the entrance (the door
panels) and in the pattern of the railing (e.g. a metal grid pattern railing).

Colour: The colour palette in this style is light, pastel and bright. Intense colours are generally absent except as accent. Colours
appropriate to “Lakeshore or “Mountain would be best (e.g. Lakeshore — greys, teals, blues, tans, whites, pale yellow; Mountain —
browns, greys, pale reds, clark yellows, buffs).

A-7
C. CONTEMPORARY NEW URBANISM

There are many variations of this style. It is essentially an attempt to create a simplified “historical” based expression. In order to do
this, a large number of historical precedents are adapted and modified. For example, the late Renaissance/Georgian “Palladian”
window is modified and used as a main “feature” element.

Massing: In general, massing is quite simple. Roof lines are rarely elaborate or broken. Dormers are used. There are generally simple
rectangular forms, with minimal projecting wings. One and two-storey forms are usual (three-storey is rare in this style).

Scale: The scale is “human”, very reduced in an attempt to create a nostalgia effect. Roof eaves are usually lowered; window heads are
fairly low in the facades and façade elements generally modest in size, simple in shape and very plain in treatment.

Roof Profile/Massing: The rooflines create an emphasis on the roof. Shallow roof slopes (less than 6:12) are not acceptable. The roof
slopes range from 6:12 to 12:12; rarely are steeper. Gables are common; hip roof is also used. Gable-hip combination is also part of the
style. Shed roof dormers, as well as gable roof forms are allowed.

Fenestration/Openings: Windows are generally simple rectangles usually 1:2 or broader ratio. Double-hung, casement and sliding
types are acceptable in this style. Small panes are preferred. Window trims are subdue, with relatively narrow side trims (4” is usual).
Window heads or lintels and sills are emphasized. The door openings are framed with simple trim; doors can have transoms and/or
sidelights. Emphasis windows (for major rooms) often are “Palladian Window” derivatives.

Materials: Materials are generally wood (or simulated wood). Brick masonry and stucco are sometimes used. The most common siding
is clapboard, drop siding is rare; board and batten, and diagonal are sometimes used, although diagonal is restricted to subsidiary
buildings and/or sheds. Chimneys are wood clad. Roofing materials simulate traditional shingle forms.

Details: All details are derived from historical precedents while maintaining clean, utilitarian “modem” lines. There is no ornament on
the detail. Eaves, cornices, soffits, trims are profiled following historic precedents but very simplified. Railings may utilize simplified
turned balusters and newels.

Elements Specific to the Contemporary New Urbanism Style: There are some critical elements found in the designs of this style,
which create the “historical” expression which distinguishes it.

A-8
• Porches: The porch Is used to express the sense of “residence”. It is generally very simple in form, undecorated architecture
and columns, no brackets or ornament, with a very simple railing.
• Dormers: Dormers are usually gable faced and may be asymmetrically placed on the roof slope.
• Chimneys: Simple form with wood cladding and simplified chimney cap.
• Turrets: These are used on corner locations or as emphasis on the main façade. They are polygonal (not cylindrical) and wood
clad.
• Bay Windows: Simple polygonal forms, with minimum trim and no ornament. They are essentially derivatives of Victorian-style
bay windows.

Subsidiary or Secondary Site Structures: These are generally garages and/or gardening sheds (in single or semi-detached units).
Detached garages are preferred in this style. If garages are integrated/attached to the main building they should be treated in the same
manner as those in the Lakeshore/Mountainside Recreational style, with regard to frontage, projection and “integration” into the overall
façade design.

Garage doors should not be single planes or blank shapes. They should have openings, either small paned windows or a single pane
light giving the impression of side-hinged “traditional” garage doors, although they are overhead doors.

Detached garages should be clad in the same material/style as the main building. Their roof materials, form and slope should conform
to that of the main building.

Decoration/Ornamentation: Decoration is minimal in this style. Traditional standard profiles for cornice, crown, base, cove rail and
trim are acceptable. There are many acceptable variations of traditional profiles as well, which will provide the effect of “historical”
derivation. Ornament is not used in this style, but it is not strictly prohibited. The desire for “historical” reference permits the use of
ornament as emphasis is discreetly placed and carefully abstracted and modified from the original.

Colour: The colour range of this style is quite varied with low-intensity, pale or tinted colours preferred. Trim is often painted a
contrasting colour (often white) to create emphasis. Bright intense colour is rarely used, and, where sparingly used, is placed for accent
or emphasis. The colour used in any group of buildings or range of multiple dwellings should form continuity so that even contrast is
not discordant.

A-9
The following definitions shall be used for terms in this

Urban Design Manual

G-1
A Accessibility

The ability of people to move


around an area and to reach
Amenity Space (outdoor)

Spaces intended to enliven the pedestrian


environment by providing opportunities for
in the use of materials, and in form, scale
and structure.

Articulation
places and facilities, including young, outdoor dining, socializing, relaxing,
Architectural detail that gives a building
elderly and disabled people, those with waiting, and to provide visual amenities
interest and added richness through a
young children and those encumbered with that can contribute to the sense of place of
complementary pattern or rhythm, and
luggage or shopping. the development and area.
dividing large buildings into smaller
Active Transportation Arcade identifiable pieces.

Non-motorized travel. A series of arches supported on piers or Axis


columns.
Active Open Space The centreline of openings or objects that
Architectural Elements align in a row along an imaginary line.
Publicly accessible outdoor spaces that
provide opportunities for physical activity, Are component pieces or design features
including parks, trails, play spaces, sports that are an integral part of the design of the
fields. building/structure.

Activity Node Architectural Style

Concentration of activity at a particular The classification of building design that


point, often at important or prominent shares consistency of design, form or
locations. ornamentation with other buildings similarly
classified. The buildings share many
Amenity common attributes, including similarity in
Something that contributes to an area’s general appearance, in the arrangement of
needs whether social, environmental or major design elements, in ornamentation,
cultural.

G-2
B Balcony

An outdoor space built as an


above-ground platform
Bikeway

A generic term for any road, street, path or


way which in some manner is specifically
Business/industrial Park

A development of multiple buildings on a


large site with office/industrial uses in
projecting from the wall of a building and designated for bicycle travel, regardless of buildings planned, organized, and/or
enclosed by a parapet or railing. whether such facilities are designated for managed to function as a unified whole
exclusive use of bicycles or are to be and featuring all of the following: common
Bay window shared with other transportation modes. driveways, common parking, common
A window protruding from the main exterior signage plan, and common landscape
Blank wall plan.
wall.
A ground floor wall, or portion of a ground
Bicycle Path Bus Route
floor wall over 2m in height, with a length
A dedicated area for bicycle movement, greater than 8m, that does not include a A street that carries one or more regularly-
paved in a variety of materials that is non- transparent window or door with glazing; or scheduled local, commuter, or intercity bus
traversable by vehicles, and is often shared any portion of a ground floor wall having a lines running on a published schedule.
with pedestrians. surface area over 37m2 or greater that does
not include a transparent window or door
Bicycle Facilities with glazing.
A general term denoting improvements and Block
provisions made by public agencies to
accommodate or encourage bicycling, The aggregate of lots, passages, and lane
including parking and storage facilities, and ways, circumscribed by thoroughfares.
shared roadways not specifically
Boulevard
designated for bicycle use.
Area between the curb and sidewalk for
street trees, newspaper boxes, parking
meters, light standards, bike racks.

G-3
C Canopy

A roof-like structure
designed and intended for
Compatible/Compatibility create a specific environment, including
factors such as traffic, activities, and land
When design elements such as the density, uses as well as landscape and built form.
form, bulk, height, setbacks, materials,
protection from weather and/or as a details and finishes of buildings and site Cornice
decorative embellishment, and which features are able to co-exist in harmonious,
A horizontal molding projecting along the
projects from a wall over a window, walk, complementary, agreeable or congenial
top of a wall, building, or the like.
door, or the like. combinations with their surroundings
without creating conflict with uses, Corridor
Civic/Public function, or aesthetic designs, and
minimizing impacts on each other. A lineal geographic system incorporating
The term defining not-for-profit
transportation and/or greenway
organizations dedicated to the arts, culture,
Commercial trajectories.
education, recreation, government, transit,
and municipal facilities. The term collectively defining workplace, Cottage housing
office, and retail functions and uses.
Civic Building Small, detached, single-unit dwellings
Consistent clustered in groups of no less than four
A building designed specifically for a civic/
units around a common open space.
public function. Are architectural elements that have an
unvaried texture, colour or design; can be Courtyard Building
Civic/Public Space
repeated with similar and identifiable
A building that occupies the boundaries of
An outdoor area dedicated specifically for pattern, or identical, or logical, use of
architectural elements. its lot while internally defining one or more
public use.
private patios.
Clearstorey Context/Character
Crosswalk
Any row of windows above eye level that The unique identity of a place. The
particular setting of a site or area and the Any portion of a roadway at an intersection
allow-light into a space.
combination of surrounding elements that or elsewhere distinctly indicated for

G-4
pedestrian crossing by lines or other
markings on the surface, and/or other
signaling devices.
D Design Speed

The velocity at which a


thoroughfare can be
comfortably driven without the constraints
of signage or enforcement.

Developer/Applicant/Proponent

The authorized representative for the


purpose of making application and/or
obtaining approval for a development
proposal.

Decorative

A distinctive or special treatment or design


element that is unusual, and requires a high
level of craftsmanship, whose primary
function is ornamental.

Departure

A provision that allows some flexibility in


compliance with specific UDM
requirements.

G-5
E Entrance, Principal/
Main/Primary

The main point of access


F Façade

The exterior wall of a


building.
G Glazing

Clear or lightly-tinted glass


windows.
for pedestrians into a building.
Fenestration Ground Cover
Elevation
The arrangement of windows on the Refers to low-lying perennials, ornamental
The facade of a building, or the drawing of façade. grasses, and deciduous or coniferous
the façade. shrubs that will colonize and cover a given
area; turf grass may be included.
Enclosure

The use of a building, or landscape to


create a sense of defined space.

G-6
H Human Scale

The proportional
relationship of buildings,
I Infill

Development of vacant or
remnant lands passed over
J Juliet balcony

A shallow balcony
(protruding no more than
architectural design, or streetscape by previous development in urban areas. 50cm from the façade), designed to
element that relate to human height, form provide a safety barrier in front of French
and function. windows.

G-7
K L Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design
(LEED)
functional site that mimics predevelopment
conditions. This is achieved by using
design techniques that infiltrate, filter,
evaporate, and store runoff close to its
The LEED Green Building Rating System is source. Rather than relying on large-scale
a voluntary, consensus-based, national conveyance and treatment systems, LID
standard for developing high-performance, addresses stormwater through a variety of
sustainable buildings. small landscape features located on-site,
avoiding and minimizing disruption of
Legibility
natural features and soils. LID as a design
The degree to which a place , or approach can be applied to new
cityscape’s parts, can be easily recognized, development, and retrofits. This design
understood, and organized into a coherent approach incorporates strategic planning
pattern. with micro-management techniques to
achieve environmental protection goals
Lookouts
while still allowing for development or
Lookouts are a specific type of pedestrian infrastructure rehabilitation to occur.
space designed to provide a viewing area
Live-Work
of a natural feature or landscape such as a
water body, or distant view of the A dwelling unit that contains a commercial
countryside. component anywhere in a residential unit.

Low Impact Development (LID)

A comprehensive stormwater management


and site-design technique. Within the LID
framework, the goal of any construction
project is to design a hydrologically

G-8
M Massing

The combined effect of


the height, bulk and
N Natural Surveillance

The discouragement to
wrong doing by the
O Open Space

The area of land, identified in


the Official Plan, to be
silhouette of a building or group of presence of passers-by or the ability of generally kept in its natural
buildings. people to be seen through surrounding state.
windows or from adjacent areas.
Ornament
Natural Heritage Features
Architectural or other decoration, as
Natural features and areas which are opposed to structural elements.
important for their environmental, and
social value, as a legacy of the natural
landscapes of the area.

G-9
P Parking

The standing or
placement of a vehicle on
building entrances, parking and transit
facilities.

Pedestrian
socializing, and relaxing, with amenities
and design elements that contribute to the
use and function of the site and its unique
character.
private or public right-of-way during the
Any person afoot or in a wheelchair.
conduct of everyday affairs, business, or Pedestrian Scale
normal activities, provided that such Pedestrian Oriented Development
A size of a building or space that a
occurs within a designated space
Development that incorporates safe, pedestrian perceives as not dominating or
purposefully designed for this use.
attractive, and continuous connections and overpowering.
Parking Lot walkways for travel and access by foot, on
Planter/Planter Bed/Planter Strip
a human scale, as an integral part of its
The area provided for off-street parking
overall layout and design. The element of the landscape which
and maneuvering of motor vehicles. The
parking lot area is not associated with accommodates landscaping.
Pedestrian-oriented Façade
service access, loading docks, and staging Professional Artist
areas. A façade that includes design features and
uses that provide visual interest and An individual who has demonstrated skill,
Parking Structure activity along the building edge through the training and/or experience in an artistic
inclusion of at least substantial windows/ discipline; and can demonstrate an
A building containing two or more storeys
transparency; pedestrian doors; non- ongoing commitment to his or her art
of parking.
residential uses on the ground floor; practice.
Paseo pedestrian-scaled architectural features;
and weather protection features.
Extensions of the street grid as outdoor
passages devoted exclusively to Pedestrian-oriented Space
pedestrians. They establish clear
Publicly-accessible spaces that enliven the
connections between streets, public
pedestrian environment by providing
gathering areas and courtyards,
opportunities for outdoor dining,
G-10
Public Art

Original art works of a permanent nature


located inside or outside, but routinely
Public realm

The parts of a village, town or city


(whether publicly or privately owned) that
Q Queuing Lane/Stacking
Lane

An on-site queuing lane for


accessible to the public at no cost, are available, without charge, for everyone motorized vehicles, which is physically
excepting art objects that are mass- to use or see, including streets, squares separated from other vehicle traffic and
produced of a standard design. Public art and parks. pedestrian circulations.
shall be made under the supervision of a
professional artist and may include:
sculpture in any material or combination of
materials whether in the round, bas-relief,
high relief, mobile, kinetic or electronic;
murals; fibre works, glass, mosaics;
fountains or water features that contribute
aesthetically to their surroundings; hard
and soft landscaping components where
these elements are an integral part of the
original work of art, or are the result of
collaboration among design professionals
including at least one artist; special
engineering or architectural features, such
as walkways, windows, walls, floors or
ceilings in areas that are publicly
accessible; contribute aesthetically to their
surroundings; and retain an interpretive
aspect as determined by the
commissioned artist.

G-11
R Right-of-way

A public or private area that


allows for passage of
S Scale

The size of a building or an


architectural feature in
Streetscape

The urban element that established the


major part of the public realm, composed
people or goods. relation to its surroundings and to the size of thoroughfares as well as the visible
of a person. frontages and the amenities of the
Rowhouse
frontages and the areas that lie between
The impression of a building when seen in the street curb and the facade.
A narrow lot, single-unit, dwelling that
relation to its surroundings, or the size of
shares a party wall with another of the
parts of a building or its details, particularly The overall character and appearance of a
same type, and occupies the full frontage street, formed by buildings and landscape
as experienced in relation to the size of a
line. features that frame the public street,
person (referred to as human-scale).
Sometimes it is the total dimensions of a including façades of buildings, street trees
building which give it its sense of scale; at and plants, lighting, street furniture, paving,
other times it is the size of the elements etcetera.
and the way they are combined.
Street Frontage
Setback
The length of the front of the property
The area of a lot measured from the lot line facing the street.
to a building façade.
Street Furniture
Street
Structures in, and adjacent to, a
A street, avenue, road, lane way lane, thoroughfare, which contribute to the street
highway, boulevard, concourse, parkway, scene, such as bus shelters, litter bins,
driveway, and every class of public or seating, lighting, railings, and signs.
private road (Road: an open way for the
passage of vehicles).

G-12
Storage

The placement of goods and materials in a


particular place or space for more than a
Street Section

A street cross-section which includes the


horizontal line of the street plus the
T Target Speed

The speed at which vehicles


should operate on a
24-hour period. vertical edges of the buildings, on either thoroughfare in a specific context,
side, that face it. consistent with the level of multi-modal
Storey
activity generated by adjacent land uses, to
Street Wall provide both mobility for motor vehicles
A habitable level within a building of no
more than 4m in height from the finished Street edge, along which a line of buildings and a safe envioronment for pedestrians
floor to the finished ceiling. Attics and can occur, and defines the limits of the and bicyclists.
raised basements are not considered a right-of-way.
Thoroughfare
storey for the purposes of the UDS.
Substantial A vehicular way incorporating moving
Storefront lanes, and may also incorporate parking
Architectural elements that are solidly or
A pedestrian-oriented façade that provides strongly built, and integrated into the lanes.
access to a non-residential (most building.
Traffic Calming
commonly a commercial/retail) use.
A set of mainly physical techniques for
Storefront Base constructing thoroughfares, which serves
The area below the storefront display to reduce the speed of traffic without the
window. It raises the display up to viewing need for enforcement, through measures
height and protects the bottom of the that reduce the negative effects of motor
window from damage. Storefront bases are vehicle use, alter driver behaviour and
generally finished with durable, decorative improve conditions for non-motorized
materials. street users.

G-13
Transom window

A window, or series of windows, above a


door and/or canopy/marquée.
U Unified Appearance

Architectural elements that


are used or placed on the
V Vernacular

The way in which ordinary


buildings were built in a
building in the same manner as others; or particular place, making use of local styles,
consistent in appearance in the use of techniques and materials and responding
materials, having an unvaried texture, to local economic and social conditions.
colour or design.

Universal Design

The design of products and environments


to be usable by all people, to the greatest
extent possible, without the need for
adaptation or specialized design.

G-14
W Walking Distance

The distance measured


from a particular point
X Y Z
along dedicated pedestrian ways.

Wayfinding

The spatial problem-solving process that


people use to orient themselves,
understand the uses of an area, and to
reach a destination.

G-15