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Disaster Management Plan

of POWERGRID
A.K.Rohatagi, &
SVS Sathayanarayana
POWERGRID
National Grid-Present Status
765kV/400kV lines: ~ 1,80,376 ckm
POWERGRID: 1,10,602 ckm
220kV lines: ~ 1,60,804 ckm
POWERGRID: 8,894 ckm
HVDC Bipole(500kV/800kV): 12,939 ckm. 6 nos.
POWERGRID: 9,454 ckm 4 nos.
HVDC Back-to-Back: 7 nos. (3,000MW)
POWERGRID: 7 nos. (3,000MW)
Inter-Regional Capacity: 62,650MW
POWERGRID: 56,450 MW

>90% ISTS Transmission Network owned by POWERGRID

>45% power generated in India transmitted through POWERGRID


DISASTER

Natural disaster Natural calamities such as earthquake,


flood, cyclone, avalanche, drought, hail storm, volcanic
eruption, forest fire, land slide and extreme temperature
(high or low etc.)
Man made disaster - Such as wars, industrial accident, fire
(industrial, residential, commercial etc.), train/ road/ air
accidents and terrorist activities disrupting the infrastructure.
Emergency situation may occur due to the occurrence of :
Fire
Bomb blast
Medical Emergency
Natural/ Manmade Disaster
Civil Disturbance
Objective
To build a safe and disaster resilient POWERGRIDs
Transmission network by developing
a holistic,
proactive,
multi-disaster oriented and
technology driven strategy
through a culture of
prevention,
mitigation,
preparedness and
response
Objective of Disaster
Management Plan
To improve state of preparedness to meet any contingency
To reduce response time in organizing assistance by
defining responsibilities,
procedures for facilitating the curtailment and/ or restoration
of Asset(s).
To identify
major resources,
man power, material & equipment needed to make the plan
operational
Making optimum use of resources.
Closure of emergency, its analysis and identification of
lessons learnt
Disaster situations in
Substations
Flooding
Destruction/ Fire in
switchyard equipment,
control room,
cable gallery,
switchgear room
Stores
Cyber Attack
Disaster Management Cell

Corporate level at NTAMC Manesar


Regional level at respective RHQ/ RTAMC
Site level at respective MSH/ Substation
Site level Disaster Management Committee

Respective MSH In-charge of Substation/ Transmission


Line
Authorised Finance Officer
Designated Safety Officer
HR official
Responsibilities
To maintain and update emergency call out list of persons:
for emergency control,
key personnel for providing technical services
fire safety
first aid, medical
security, police, District Administration Authorities
format enclosed at Annexure-IV.
Display communication details of nodal officers to be contacted in
emergency.
Fixing of permanent notice boards at all suitable locations in Substations
displaying information, map, escape routes, precautions to be taken
during emergency.
Responsibilities
To identify sources for providing heavy equipment like Cranes, Excavators,
Tractors, concrete breakers etc.
To assess damage,
To identify requirement,
To formulate action plan and
Intimate the requisite resources to RDMC & CDMC.
To preserve all evidences so as to facilitate any enquiry into the cause.
To co-ordinate information with RDMC and CDMC on daily basis.
To identify essential staff and to form a task force (prepare check list of
who has to do what)
To mobilise resources for restoration.
Responsibilities
To implement action plan for restoration of affected transmission system
To liaise with local disaster management groups for necessary assistance.
To arrange food, drinking water, Tent for office space at site,
accommodation for deployed employees/ workers
Arrangement of vehicles for movement of manpower and materials
Inflated Lighting arrangement
3 phase-63 KVA Trolley mounted DG sets for Substations, de-watering
pumps etc. at short notice
Responsibilities
Updated as built drawing database for respective Substations under its
jurisdiction.
Adequate quantity of diesel for running of vehicles and operation of DG
sets for at least 07 days is to be kept available in case of early warning.
Security arrangement for Assets, T&P and materials
Finalization of executing agency, if required
To prepare report on closure of emergency, its analysis and submit report
to RDMC.
Install and manage changeover to disaster resilient devices
Crisis levels
Early warning:
On receipt of reliable information regarding an event which is likely to have
significant impact on the system and is likely to lead to an ALERT or EMERGENCY
level
Alert:
In the event of disturbance in the system which results in deterioration in the
network but some-how the situation is manageable without resorting to imposition
of any restriction in demand
Emergency:
In the event of major disturbance in the system leading to significant deterioration
in the network causing imposition of restriction in demand
Flow Chart
Information flow during disaster
Emergency Callout List
Sl. Name of Official/ Agency Mobile Landline Address
No. No. No.
1 Substation MSH In-charge
2 Trans. Line MSH In-charge
3 Regional Executive Director
4 Regional General Manager
(AM)
5 NTAMC Control Room
6 RTAMC Control Room
7 Nearest Fire Station-I
8 Nearest Fire Station-II
9 Nearest Hospital-I
10 Nearest Hospital-II
11 Police Station
12 District Magistrate
13 Superintendent of police
Some things to be ensured

Fire detection and fire fighting system must be kept in


Auto Mode.
Sensitize Security staff about their responsibilities
Consider to change Main Gate Locks after any Security
staff leaves the service.
Continuous monitoring of CCTV footage
Locking of Switch yard Panel rooms (SPR)
Attending anomalies found during AMP on priority
Maintain important contacts with Maint. Incharge and at
security Incharge at Main gate
Periodic Mock Drills can be conducted
Some steps to be taken

Installation of CCTV Camera with night vision to cover


complete fencing
Movement detection alarm
Boundary wall Fencing coiled type barbed wire
All weather road along the boundary wall to facilitate
patrolling
Restricted entry through biometric punching in control
room area.
Restricted Entry in Substation Premises through valid pass
Deployment of outsourced staff after police verification
Armed guard at main gate
Disaster situations in Transmission lines

Flood/ Change in river course

High speed wind/ cyclone

Landslide in hilly terrain

Earthquake

Terrorist activity
Preventive/ precautionary
measures
All tower drawings, hardware drawings, tower schedules etc. should be
readily available.
Towers, Conductor, hardwares, insulators, Earthwire etc. should be
available as per inventory norm
Towers should be in complete shape. Any shortage of tower parts can
result in unnecessary panic at the time of use.
T&P should be available as per norms and in working condition.
Healthiness of T&P to be ensured immediately after its last use.
Repair/ replace defective T&P.
Maintain rate contract for transportation of material for immediate
shifting of material in case of exigency.
Preventive/ precautionary
measures
ERS set should be in complete shape.
Damages/ shortages, if any to be replenished immediately
Keep area wise updated list and contact information of heavy
equipment (like Hydra cranes, JCB machine, Gas cutters, Concrete
breakers, Tractors & Trolleys etc.) providers
Keep updated list and contact information of skilled fitter
contractors to deploy them at very short notice as per
Keep updated list and contact information of tower manufacturers,
erectors operating in your region
SIM cards of different service providers to be sent to affected
sites.
E.R.S
(Emergency Restoration System)
Disaster Management Developed by POWERGRID

ERS sets with adequately trained teams have been located


in each region to manage such disasters on immediate
basis
Collapsed towers are easily bypassed by ERS structures
resulting in restoration of power supply within shortest
possible time
Damaged towers then attended to through conventional
method without affecting regular power flow
Normal Tower ERS Tower
ERS Materials
ONE SET
It can be restored 5.0KM of
400KV S/C line
(or)
2.5KM of 400KVD/C line
(or)
6 to 12 ERS Towers of
400KV lines

All the Hardware's are in


three Containers of Approx.
Weight of 10 Tones each
ERS Materials
The one set of ERS materials can be carried in 20 trucks
Those materials of one set consists of 21 Ft. Structure
48Nos., 14 Ft. Structure 18Nos., 7 Ft. Structure -
12Nos., Gimbal Joint - 12Nos., Foundation Plate
12Nos., Box Section 15Nos., Guy Plate 52Nos.,
Suspension Insulators 126Nos., Post Insulators
30Nos., Cross Plate Anchors 80 sets, Marsh
Anchors 40 sets, Gin pole 2 sets & Guy wire -
8KMs
Other Hardware material in 3 containers
Various Component of ERS

Foundation Plate Gimbal Joint


Various Component of ERS

Structures Gin Pole


Various Component of ERS

Guy Plate Box Section


INSULATORS & HARDWARES

Polymer suspension and post insulators are


used in ERS
These are light weight, high strength and
durable construction
Hardware components are selected to provide
greatest number of assemblies with least
number of components
Quadrant Strain Clamps
ERS Structure & Gin Pole
arrangement and Lifting of
Structure
Full structure lifting with the help of Crane
ERS structure Erection / Lifting
with the help of Helicopter
Support during crisis

Support to Utilities/ Constituents in recent natural calamities:


HUDHUD Cyclone in AP in Oct2014
Floods in J&K in Sept2014
Cyclonic storm in NCR in May2014
Restoration/ relief activities during Flood near Chennai in December 2015
Restoration/ relief activities during Warda Cyclone near Chennai in December
2016
During above crisis, POWERGRID extended full support to restore power supply.
Prioritized supply restoration to Hospitals, Railways and important sub-stations
feeding critical areas in shortest possible time with round the clock restoration
efforts.
HUDHUD

During recent cyclonic storm HUDHUD


which struck the eastern Indian coast on
12.10.2014, severe damage in
Transmission system caused in three
districts namely Vishakhapatnam,
Srikakulam & Vijayanagram.

POWERGRID extended all out support to


APTRANSCO, Railways and Vizag Steel
Plant to restore the power system

Supply to the emergency services like


Hospitals, water supply pump houses
were restored by 14.10.2014
One of the POWERGRIDs Emergency
Appreciation from Mr. Ajay Jain, Secretary
Restoration tower installed in SEB
to Government, Hyderabad
line
Storm in NCR

In May 2014, major storm hit


the NCR resulting in wide
spread damage of
Transmission system of DTL
POWERGRID extended all out
support to DTL for restoration
work

POWERGRID was appreciated


for prompt support by Chief
Secretary NCT (Delhi).

Appreciation letter from DTL


Flood in J&K

In Sept 2014, devastating flood


hit the majority of portion of
J&K resulting in damage of
number of Transmission line
towers and sus-stations were
submerged in water.

POWERGRID extended manpower


and material support to restore
the transmission network and
distribution network with supply
of ERS, distribution
transformers, transformer oil,
filter machine etc.
RECENT ERS DEPLOYMENT IN
ER-II AREA
NATURAL
SL NO. NAME OF LINE UNDER OF LINE
DISASTERS DATE
12.10.2013 To 400 KV S/C BAKRASWAR
1 WBSETCL
20.10.2013 ARAMBAG LINE AT ILLAMBAZAR

04.05.2014 To 400 KV S/C BAKRASWAR


2 WBSETCL
10.05.2014 ARAMBAG LINE AT ILLAMBAZAR
15.05.2014 To
3 220KV FARAKKA-LALMATIA LINE NTPC
20.05.2014
COLLAPSED TOWER OF
LALMATIA LINE(NTPC)
RESTORED THROUGH ERS