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Original Title: Form 5 Chapter 10 Linear Programing

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Form 5 Chapter 10 Linear Programing

Linear Programming

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PAPER 2

1. Amirah has an allocation of RM200 to buy x workbooks and y reference books. The total

number of books is not less than 20. The number of workbooks is at most twice the number of

the references. The price of a workbook is RM10 and that of a reference is RM5.

a ) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above

constraints.

( 3 marks)

b ) Hence, using a scale of 2cm to 5 books on the x-axis and 2cm to 5 books on the y-axis,

construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the above constraints. ( 4 marks )

c ) If Amirah buys 15 reference books, find the maximum amount of money that is left.

( 3 marks )

undergraduates. The method in which the number of medical undergraduates and dentistry

undergraduates are chosen are as follows.

II : The number of medical undergraduates is not more than three times the number of dentistry

undergraduates.

III : The maximum allocation for the course is RM6 000 with RM100 for a medical

undergraduates and RM80 for a dentistry undergraduates.

a) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above

constraints.

( 3 marks )

b) Hence, by using a scale of 2cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the region

R that satisfies all the above constraints. ( 3 marks )

( i) The maximum and minimum number of dentistry undergraduates , if the number of

medical undergraduates that participate in the course is 20.

(ii) The minimum expenditure to run the course in this case. ( 4 marks )

3. A tuition centre offers two different subjects, science, S, and mathematics, M, for Form 4

students. The number of students for S is x and for M is y. The intake of the students is based on

the following constraints.

II : The number of students for subject S is at most twice the number of students for subject

M.

III : The number of students for subject M must exceed the number of students for subject S

by at most 10

143

CHAPTER 10 LINEAR PROGRAMMING FORM 5

a) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above

conditions.

( 3 marks)

b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to represent 10 students on both axes, construct and shade the

region R that satisfies all the above conditions. ( 3 marks )

( i ) the range of the number of students for subject M if the number of students for subjects S

is 20

(ii) the maximum total fees per month that can be collected if the fees per month for subject S

and M are RM12 and RM10 respectively.

4 A bakery shop produces two types of bread, L and M. The production of the bread involves two

processes, mixing the ingredients and baking the breads. Table 1 shows the time taken to make

bread L and M respectively.

Mixing the ingredients Baking the breads

L 30 40

M 30 30

Table 1

The shop produces x breads of type L and y breads of type M per day. The production of breads

per day are based on the following constraints:

I : The maximum total time used for mixing ingredients for both breads is not more than 540

minutes.

II : The total time for baking both breads is at least 480 minutes.

III : The ratio of the number of breads for type L to the number of breads for type M is not less

than 1 : 2

a ) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above

constraints. ( 3 marks )

b) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 2 breads on both axes, construct and shade the region R

that satisfies all the above constraints. ( 3 marks )

( i ) the maximum number of bread L if 10 breads of type M breads are produced per day.

(ii ) the minimum total profit per day if the profit from one bread of type L is RM2.00 and

144

CHAPTER 10 LINEAR PROGRAMMING FORM 5

5. A factory produced x toys of model A and y toys of model B. The profit from the sales of a

number of model A is RM 15 per unit and a number of model B is RM 12 per unit.

The production of the models per day is based on the following conditions:-

II : The number of model A produced is at most three times the number of model B.

III : The minimum total profit for model A and model B is RM4200.

a) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above

conditions.

( 3 marks)

b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to represent 50 models on both axes, construct and shade the

region R that satisfies all the above conditions. ( 3 marks )

( i ) the minimum number of model B if the number of model A produced on a particular

day is 100.

145

CHAPTER 10 LINEAR PROGRAMMING FORM 5

1. ( a ) I : x + y 20 1

II : x 2y 1

III : 10 x + 5y 200 1

2x + y 40

(b) 4

40

35

30

25

20

2x + y = 40

R y = 15

15

10 x + y = 20

x = 2y

10 20 30 40 50 60

From the graph, the minimum value occurs at ( 5, 15 ) 1

Hence, minimum expenditure = 10 (5) + 5 (15)

= RM125

Therefore, the maximum amount of money left = RM200 RM125

=RM 75 1

146

CHAPTER 10 LINEAR PROGRAMMING FORM 5

2.

( a ) I : x + y 30 1

II : x 3y 1

III : 100 x + 80y 6000 1

5x + 4y 300

(b) 3

90

80

5x + 4y = 300

70

x = 20

60

50

40

R

30

20

x = 3y

x + y =30

10

-10

From the graph, the minimum number of dentistry undergraduates is 10 and the 1

maximum number of dentistry undergraduates is 50.

(ii) For the minumum expenditure, there are 20 medical undergraduates and 10 dentistry

undergraduates.

Thus , minimum expenditure = 100 (20) + 80(10) 1

=RM2800 1

147

CHAPTER 10 LINEAR PROGRAMMING FORM 5

3

. ( a ) I : x + y 90 1

II : x 2y 1

III : y - x 10 1

(b) 3

90

80

x + y = 90

70

60

y - x = 10

50

40

R

x = 2y

30

20

10

-10

1

( ii ) The maximum value occurs at ( 60, 30)

1

Thus, maximum total fee = 12 (60) +10 (30)

= RM1 020 1

1

148

CHAPTER 10 LINEAR PROGRAMMING FORM 5

4

( a ) I : 3x + 3y 54 1

II : 4x + 3y 48 1

III : 2x y 1

(b) 3

22

20

18

16

y = 2x

14

12

10

3x + 3y =54

6

R

4 4x + 3y = 4 8

5 10 15 20 25 30 35

2x + y = 2

-2

1

( c ) (i ) 8 2

(ii ) (5 x RM2.00) + ( 10 x RM1.00) 1

= RM 20.00

149

CHAPTER 10 LINEAR PROGRAMMING FORM 5

5 (a ) I : x + y 500 1

II : x 3y 1

III : 15x + 12y 4200 1

5x + 4y 1400

(b)

1

(ii ) Maximum point (375, 125)

The maximum total profit per day

= 15(375) +12(125)

= RM7125

1

1

150

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