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Mathematical Reasoning Number Series Letter and Symbol Series Coding and Decoding Classification: Odd Man Out Blood Relations Analogies Direction and Senses Artificial Language Permutation and Combination Logical Deductions - Syllogism Averages Seating Arrangement Venn Diagrams Problem on Ages Reading Comprehension Data Interpretation Speed Solving

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Classes

Comprehension,

Data Interpretation

Goalfinder Classes: CBSE NET 2016 - Paper 1

Total number of Pages: 208

Portion covered till CBSE NET December 2015

1

Goalfinder.com

Goalfinder Classes Math Reasoning, Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation

Number Series __________________________________________________________________________ 5

Problem Number Series ___________________________________________________________________________ 6

Solution Number Series ___________________________________________________________________________ 8

Example Problems in letter series ___________________________________________________________________ 9

Solution Example Problems Letter and symbol series __________________________________________________ 11

Problems 1-11 Letter series _______________________________________________________________________ 13

Answer 1-11 Letter series ________________________________________________________________________ 13

Problems 12 -21 Letter series _____________________________________________________________________ 14

Answers 12-21 Letter series _______________________________________________________________________ 14

Solution 1-21 Letter series ________________________________________________________________________ 15

Problems Symbol series __________________________________________________________________________ 18

Solution Symbol series ___________________________________________________________________________ 19

Example problems in Coding Decoding ______________________________________________________________ 21

Solution Example Coding Problems _________________________________________________________________ 22

Problems Coding and Decoding ____________________________________________________________________ 23

Answers and Solutions Coding and Decoding _________________________________________________________ 24

Example problems in Classification _________________________________________________________________ 29

Solution to Example Problem in Classification ________________________________________________________ 31

Problems in Classification Odd Man Out ___________________________________________________________ 32

Solution to Problems in Classification _______________________________________________________________ 35

Blood Relations Example Problems _________________________________________________________________ 39

Solution to Blood Relations Example Problems _______________________________________________________ 41

Blood Relation Problems _________________________________________________________________________ 43

Answers and Solutions to blood relation problems ____________________________________________________ 44

Analogies _____________________________________________________________________________ 48

Example Analogies Problem _______________________________________________________________________ 50

Solution to Example Analogy Problems ______________________________________________________________ 52

Problems on Analogy ____________________________________________________________________________ 53

Answers to Analogy _____________________________________________________________________________ 54

Direction Senses example Problems ________________________________________________________________ 55

Solution to Example Direction Senses Problems _______________________________________________________ 57

Problems on Direction and Sense Test ______________________________________________________________ 59

Answers and Solutions to Direction and Sense Test ____________________________________________________ 59

1

Goalfinder.com

Goalfinder Classes Math Reasoning, Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation

Problems on Artificial Language ___________________________________________________________________ 64

Answers to Artificial Language Problems ____________________________________________________________ 66

Example problems on Permutation & Combination ____________________________________________________ 69

Solution to example problems _____________________________________________________________________ 72

Problems on Permutation and Combination __________________________________________________________ 74

Answers and Solutions to Problems on Permutation and Combination ____________________________________ 75

Example Problems on syllogism ____________________________________________________________________ 81

Solution to example problems on syllogism _________________________________________________________ 83

Problems on Syllogism ___________________________________________________________________________ 85

Answers and Solutions to problems on syllogism ______________________________________________________ 88

Averages ______________________________________________________________________________ 95

Example Problems on Averages ____________________________________________________________________ 97

Solution Example Problems Averages _______________________________________________________________ 98

Problems Averages ______________________________________________________________________________ 99

Solution Averages ______________________________________________________________________________ 100

Examples Seating Arrangement ___________________________________________________________________ 109

Solution Example Seating Arrangement ____________________________________________________________ 110

Problems - Seating Arrangement __________________________________________________________________ 111

Solutions Seating Arrangement _________________________________________________________________ 117

Problems on Venn Diagram ______________________________________________________________________ 132

Solution Venn Diagrams _________________________________________________________________________ 138

Exercise on Ages _______________________________________________________________________________ 148

Solution Problem on Ages _______________________________________________________________________ 149

Reading Comprehension________________________________________________________________ 154

Example Problems _____________________________________________________________________________ 154

Example Problem Solutions ______________________________________________________________________ 157

Reading Comprehension Problems ________________________________________________________________ 158

Answers______________________________________________________________________________________ 160

Data Interpretation ____________________________________________________________________ 162

Speed Solving Tricks ___________________________________________________________________________ 162

Addition : __________________________________________________________________________________ 162

Subtraction: ________________________________________________________________________________ 163

Multiplication: ______________________________________________________________________________ 163

Division ____________________________________________________________________________________ 166

2

Goalfinder.com

Goalfinder Classes Math Reasoning, Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation

Comparing Ratios ____________________________________________________________________________ 166

Computational Speed ________________________________________________________________________ 166

Calculating (Approximating) Fractions ___________________________________________________________ 167

Comparing Fractions _________________________________________________________________________ 167

Develop a Sense of Approximation ______________________________________________________________ 168

Example Problems in Data Interpretation __________________________________________________________ 168

Numeric Data Tables _________________________________________________________________________ 169

Bar Chart___________________________________________________________________________________ 172

Pie Chart ___________________________________________________________________________________ 175

Line Graphs_________________________________________________________________________________ 180

Solution to Data interpretation __________________________________________________________________ 183

Numeric Data Tables _________________________________________________________________________ 183

Bar Chart___________________________________________________________________________________ 190

Pie Chart ___________________________________________________________________________________ 196

Line Graph _________________________________________________________________________________ 203

3

Goalfinder.com

Goalfinder Classes Math Reasoning, Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation

Sample: Math Reasoning

NOTES

Letter series questions checks your ability to examine a series of alphabets and recognize a pattern in that

series. These questions use the alphabetical order as a base. To answer these questions, you must determine

the pattern in the occurrence of alphabets in each series before choosing which letter comes next. Sometimes

simple number series are also inserted between the terms of alphabet series.

In Symbol Series questions, you are given with some sequence of picture or symbols and you have to

understand the relationship or a particular pattern in the sequence to answer. Generally, the symbol or picture

is rotated in some way to obtain the next symbol or picture. Rotation may be left-right, top-bottom, clockwise

or anti-clockwise.

1. Before exam starts, write the alphabets in numerical form in ascending and descending way. For example, A-

1, B-2, ..., Z-26 and A-26, B-25, ..., Z-1.

2. Don't spend more than 30 sec on one question. If you are unable to recognize pattern, leave that question

and attempt that in spare time.

3. For Symbol series, if you see that next term is obtained by rotation then try rotating your question paper in

corresponding way.

This type of series usually consists of a small letters which follow a certain pattern.

But some letters will be missing from the series.

These missing letters are then given in a proper sequence as one of the choices.

You have to choose the correct alternative.

aab _ aaa _ bba _

For more go to http://www.goalfinder.com/NETSET.asp

2

Goalfinder.com

Goalfinder Classes Math Reasoning, Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation

1) baa 2) abb 3) bab 4) aab 5) bbb

Q10. Statements: No house is school. All colleges are schools. All schools are teachers.

Conclusions: Basic Complex

No house is teacher. Y X

All colleges are teachers. Y Y

Some teachers are not houses. Y Y

No college is house. Y Y

Basic

Answer: Option C

Teachers

Teacher

s House School

Schoo

l Colleges House

College Complex

s

3

Goalfinder.com

Goalfinder Classes Math Reasoning, Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation

NOTES

Reading Comprehension is generally designed to test your ability to read a passage and understand its contents

and your ability to draw inferences on the basis of what is read. In other words, your ability to grasp the

contents of the passage in a relatively short span of time is what is being tested.

Aspects to consider

Read the questions first, twice, then read the passage for answers to these questions

Keep on answering the questions as you come across them.

Mark the important part of the passage

Leave the question if its too difficult, remember time is precious

Other aspects

Read for Main Idea and Primary Purpose of the passage.

Write down the Main Idea and Primary purpose after each paragraph

The Main Idea of the passage is the repeated idea in each of the Main ideas (of the paragraphs)

The primary purpose is mostly the primary purpose of the concluding paragraph.

Classify the passages, such as

o Explanatory (Mostly Science passages, explain one theory/phenomenon in detail)

o Comparative (two or more point of views on a theory/topic. Doesn't go in much

detail)

o Argumentative (Subjective, opinionated. Mostly social science/business topics.)

Don't over read. Skip examples, dates, lengthy names, any details which can be referred in case

something is asked explicitly.

Don't go for choices which exaggerate the author's conclusion.

Don't fill in the blanks yourself. Use only as much is there in the passage.

4

Goalfinder.com

Goalfinder Classes Math Reasoning, Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation

Data can be represented in the form of tables, graphs or even caselets. Data represented in the form of a table

is raw and usually is quite time consuming to process such data. Analyses such as trends, problem areas,

percentage distribution are quite difficult to perform when the data is represented in the form of a table.

Tricks

Addition :

Method 1 : Add the tens place and unit place separately and use carry over if any

In order to do this, first add the thousands. 57 + 64 (=121) + 44 (=165) + 78 (=243) + 84 (=327) + 5

(=332).

Thus: you have an interim answer of 332 thousands. At this stage you

know that your answer would be 332000 + a maximum of 6000 ( as there are 6

numbers whose last 3 digits you have neglected).

If a range of 332000 to 338000 suffices for you in the addition based on the closeness of the options, you

would be through with your calculation at this point. In the event that you need to get to a

closer answer than this, the next step would involve taking the 100s digit into account.

Thus for the above calculation: 57436+ 64123 +44586+78304+84653 +5836 when you add the hundreds, you

get 4+1+5+3+6+8 = 27 hundreds. Your answer gets refined to 334700 and at this point you also know that the

upper limit of the addition has to be a maximum of 600 more than 334700 i.e. the answer lies between 334700

to 335300. In case this accuracy level is still not sufficient you may then look at the last 2 digits of the numbers.

5

Goalfinder.com

Goalfinder Classes Math Reasoning, Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation

Data can represented in the form of

Categories of Data

1. Total number of candidates qualified from all the states together in 1997 is approximately what percentage

of the total number of candidates qualified from all the states together in 1998?

6

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