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SIDs and STARs

Air traffic in the vicinity of airports naturally becomes congested. Much like for automobile
traffic, specialized procedures have been developed to organize and expedite the flow of
aircraft into and out of terminal areas. These complicated and intricate procedures have been
encoded on:

Standard Instrument Departure (SID) Charts.


Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) Charts

Try http://www.aeroplanner.com/flightplanning/approachplates.cfm for SIDs


and STARs
Purpose This lesson will introduce you to Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) and
Standard Terminal Arrivals (STARs) that pilots use when flying on an IFR flight plan.

On an End-of-Lesson Test, and in accordance with FAA Order 7110.65,


Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM), FAA-H-8083-15, Instrument Flying
Handbook, and the U.S. Terminal Procedures Publication, you will identify
the purpose, types, contents, and specific items and information (e.g.,
altitudes, headings, etc.) of:

1. SIDs.

2. STARs.

Instrument
Departure Procedures (DPs)
Instrument Departure Procedures (DPs) are preplanned IFR procedures that provide
obstruction clearance and facilitate transition from the terminal area to the en route
structure. Some DPs are specifically designed for use by aircraft with Area Navigation
(RNAV) equipment. There are two types of DPs:
Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODPs) are printed either textually or graphically to
assist pilots in obstruction avoidance, and may be flown by the pilot without an ATC
clearance, unless an alternate SID or radar vector has been assigned.
ODPs are identified by (OBSTACLE) appearing in the margin next to the name of
the departure procedure

ODPs are recommended when no SID or radar vector is assigned because they
provide obstruction clearance via the least difficult route.
Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) are always printed graphically and must be

assigned by ATC.
NOTE: This lesson will cover SIDs, which are the most common type of DPs used by ATC.)

Standard Instrument Departure (SID)


Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) are air traffic control procedures used at busier
airports to simplify clearance delivery, expedite traffic flow, and reduce pilot/controller
workload.

Each SID is presented as a separate chart and usually serves a single airport, but may
serve more than one airport if they are situated in the same geographical location.
Flight Management System Procedure (FMSP)

A procedure which is similar to a SID, and which is also designed to simplify clearance
delivery, is the Flight Management System Procedure (FMSP). FMSPs are used in
conjunction with a Flight Management System (FMS).

U.S TERMINAL PROCEDURES CHARTS


U.S. TERMINAL PROCEDURES
CHARTS
UNITE D STATES GOVERNME NT FLIGHT INFORMATION PUBLIC ATION UNITE D STATES GOVERNME NT FLIGHT INFORMATION PUBLICATION
U.S. TERMINAL PROCEDURES U.S. TERMINAL PROCEDURES
EAST CENTRAL (EC) VOL 3 OF 3 SOUTHWEST (SW) VOL 1 OF 4
INSTRUME NT A PP ROACH PROCEDUR ES STANDA RD TERMI NAL ARRIVA LS INSTRUME NT A PP ROACH PROCEDUR ES STANDA RD TE RMI NA L ARRIVA LS
DE PARTURE PROCE D URES AIRPORT DIAGRAMS DEPARTURE PROCE D URES AIRPORT DIAG RAMS
U.S. TERMINAL PU BLICATION VOLUMES
EFFE CTIVE 0901Z 04 SEP 2003 EFFE CTIVE 0901Z 04 SEP 2003
TO 0901Z 30 OCT 2003 TO 0901Z 30 OCT 2003
Consult NOTAMs fo r lates t i nformation Cons ult NOTAMs fo r lates t infor ma tion
CONSULT THR CHANG E NOTICE (CN) EFFECTIV E 02 OCT 2003 FOR CO NSULT THR CHANG E NOTICE (CN) EFFECTIV E 02 OCT 2003 FOR
RE VIS ED INSTR UME NT P ROCEDURE CHA RTS FO R THIS VO LUME RE VISED INSTR UM ENT PROCE DURE CHARTS FOR THIS V OLUME
NW-1 NC-1 NE-1
EC-3
NE-2
WISCONSIN

SW-2 EC-1 COLORADO


NC-3 NE-4
SW-3 EC-2
ILL INOIS
SW-1 NC-2 NE-3 NEW
ME XICO
SW-3
SW-4 SE-1 SE-2
SC-1
SC-2 SE-4
SC-4
SC-3 SC-5
Including Puerto Rico
AREA OF COVERAGE

and the V irgin Islands


SE-3

ATB20-4

There are 24 volumes of U.S. Terminal Procedures Charts for the continental United
States.
Published every 56 days

A change notice supplements these publications 28 days into the 56-day period,
and provides updated information to be included in the next publication cycle.
Currency of the volume to be used must always be ensured before use.
Back covers of every volume are identical.

Shows the lateral limits and coded designator of each volume

Includes civil and military procedures.

The procedure developer is identified in parentheses in the top margin of the


procedure; e.g., (FAA), (USAF), (USN), etc.
Military procedures are NOT authorized for civil use in IFR conditions.

All 24 volumes are available at each FSS.

Only charts pertinent to the local airspace are available at terminals and en route
control centers.
SID/STAR LEGEND

SID/STAR
LEGEND

ATB20-5

The same legend is used for SIDs and STARs.


RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION

RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION


RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION

VOR TACAN

VOR/DME NDB/DME

VORTAC LOC/DME

WAYPOINT LOC

FLYOVER WAYPOINT

NDB (Non-directional Radio Beacons)

LMM, LOM (Compass Locator)

Marker Beacon

Localizer Course

SDF Course

Radio Aids to Navigation

NAVAIDs
Waypoints
Marker Beacons
Localizer courses
ROUTES

ROUTES
ROUTES

4500 MEA-Minimum Enroute Altitude


*3500 MOCA-Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude
270 Departure Route - Arrival Route
(65) Mileage between Radio Aids, Reporting Points,
and Route Breaks

Transition Route

R-275 Radial line and value

Lost Communications Track


V12 J80 Airway/Jet Route Identification

(IAS) Holding Changeover


Pattern Point

ATB20-7

Routes
Departure route - Thick black arrow
Transition route - Thin black arrow
Lost communications track - Dotted black line
Charted holding patterns
NAVAID frequency changeover points
ALTITUDES AND AIRPORTS

ALTITUDES AND AIRPORTS


ALTITUDES

5500 2300 4800 2200


Mandatory Minimum Maximum Recommended
Altitude Altitude Altitude Altitude

X
MCA
(Minimum Crossing Altitude)
Altitude change at other than Radio Aids

AIRPORTS

Joint
Civil Military
Civil-Military

ATB20-8

Altitudes and Airports


Mandatory Altitude - Lines above and below the altitude
Minimum Altitude - Line below the altitude
Maximum Altitude - Line above the altitude
Recommended Altitude - No lines
Minimum Crossing Altitude (MCA) - Flag with an enclosed X
Airport depictions similar to En Route Low Altitude Charts

MISCELLANEOUS

MISCELLANEOUS

Reporting Points
N0000.00
W0000.00 DME Mileage
75
(when not obvious)
Name (Compulsory)

Name (Non-Compulsory) Distance Not to Scale

DME Fix

X Mileage Breakdown/
Computer Navigation Fix (CNF)
N0000.00
W0000.00

ATB20-9

Miscellaneous
Reporting points - Open and solid triangles
Mileage breakdown symbol - An X
DME fixes and mileages - Arrows with enclosed mileage
Jagged lines placed across a route indicate that the distance depicted is not
drawn to scale.
RESPONSE ITEM

All airports have Instrument Departure Procedures to allow transition from


the terminal environment to the en route environment.

A. True
B. False

To find a particular SID:

Locate the city first, then the airport serving that city.
SIDs are the last items listed under each airport.
One airport may have several SIDs.
SIDs are always located after the Instrument Approach Procedures (IAPs).

INDEX AND MINIMUMS

DPS DECI-BELLE TWO 135


DENVER THREE 136
PIKES TWO 138
PLAINS TWO 139
ROCKIES THREE 141
YELLOWSTONE ONE 143

SW-1

ATB20-11

Radar Vector
A radar vector is an assigned heading, a direction to fly
Issued by the controller to provide navigational guidance to an aircraft by the use of
radar
Used with SIDs to supplement textual and graphical information
TYPES OF SIDs
TYPES OF SIDs

A TB20-12

PILOT NAVIGATIONAL SID

(PIKES2.DEN) 03247 DENVER INTL (DEN)


PIKES TWO DEPARTURE SL-9077 (FAA) DENVER, COLORADO
ATIS DEP 134.025
CLNC DEL
118.75
DENVER DEP CON
128.45 251.075

DENVER
117.9 DEN
Chan 126
N3948.75-W10439.65

0 3

11000
(44)
FL 2
194

156
(55)
SOLAR ADANE
N3908.80 N3854.91
W10503.55 W10423.95

R-086 HUGO
194

112.1 HGO
(34)

38

Chan 58
R-

N3833.87
14

169
9000

(19)

W10524.04
0

0
X
R-24
COLORADO SPRINGS
112.5 COS
Chan 72 DRAKE
7600
R -349 169

N3836.40
(19)

W10424.85
182
(75)

ALAMOSA
113.9 ALS PUEBLO
116.7 PUB
R -002

Chan 86
N3720.95-W10548.93 Chan 114
N3817.66-W10425.77
L-6, H-2
L-6, H-2
NOTE: Chart not to scale.

Pilot is primarily responsible for navigation on the SID.


Used where terrain is of special concern, such as mountainous areas.
May contain vector instructions to expedite transitioning the aircraft from the runway to the
published route.
Pilot Navigational SIDs use precise radials from a VOR that have been flight checked by
FAA pilots to ensure accuracy.
A radar vector, as opposed to a radial, is a heading and as such is affected by
the prevailing winds
VECTOR SID

(ORD1.ORD) 03191 SL-166 (FAA)


CHICAGO OHARE INTL (ORD)
OHARE ONE DEPARTURE CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
CLNC DEL
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: For appropriate departure control
121.6
frequency, see graphic. Use frequency depicted within sector
FORT DODGE
where first fix/NAVAID for your route is located (sectors indicated
113.5 FOD
Chan 82
by dashed lines; frequencies in dashed box within).
N4226.67-W9417.69 CHICAGO DEP CON
L-11, H-3 EAST/NORTH
BADGER 125.0 337.4
DUBUQUE 116.4 BAE
Chan 111
PETTY
115.8 DBQ N4249.64
N4307.01-W8817.06 KEELER
Chan 105
L-23, H-3 W8738.04 116.6 ELX
N4224.09-W9042.55
L-23 Chan 113
L-11, H-3 N4208.66-W8607.36
POLO CHICAGO OHARE L-23, H-3
111.2 PLL 113.9 ORD
Chan 49 Chan 86 41
VECTOR SID

N4157.94 N4159.26- R-098


MOLINE W8931.45 W8754.29
MUSKY UNBAR
114.4 MZV L-11-23
N4209.12 N4202.90
Chan 91
SIMMN W8656.11
N4119.26 W8512.79
W9038.29 N4158.84- L-23 H-3
L-11, H-3 W8852.71
L-23 R-093
GIPPER
HINCK 115.4 GIJ
N4149.48 DUPAGE Chan 101
IOWA CITY W8840.46 108.4 DPA N4146.12
116.2 IOW L-23 Chan 21 W8619.10
Chan 109 N4153.42 L-23, H-3
PEOTONE
N4131.14 W8821.01
BRADFORD 113.2 EON
W9136.80 L-23
114.7 BDF Chan 79
L-11, H-3
Chan 94 N4116.18
N4109.58- NEWTT W8747.46
W8935.27 N4103.66 L-23, H-3
L-11-23, H-3 W8804.58 WORDY CHICAGO DEP CON
L-23 N4040.54 SOUTH
W8738.00 127.4 269.5
CHICAGO DEP CON H-3-4
WEST ROBERTS
GUIDO DANVILLE
125.4 307.2 116.8 RBS 111.0 DNV
Chan 115
4017.42-
Chan 47
N4034.90-W8809.86 8751.81
N4017.63-W8733.43
NOTE: Chart not to scale.
L-23, H-3-4
H-3-4 L-23, H-3, 4

ATB20-14

ATC provides navigational guidance.

Used in congested areas where traffic volume is the main factor.

Terrain may also be a factor.

Extremely efficient

One Vector SID serves the airport.


Altitude restrictions remain constant.
Changing the aircrafts assigned heading:

Adapts the same SID to each aircrafts specific flight plan.


Compensates for different runway usage

Layout
The three sections of a SID are:
Margin Information
Planview
Textual Description
PILOT NAVIGATIONAL SID
Margin Information
PILOT NAVIGATIONAL SID

Mar gi n Inf or ma tion

(PIKES2. DEN) 03247


D ENVE R IN TL (DEN )
PIKES TW O D EP ART UR E SL-9077 (FA A) DE NVER, CO LO RADO

AT B20-16

Planview

PILOT NAVIGATIONAL SID


Planview
(PIKES2.DEN) 03247 DENVER INTL (DEN)
PIKES TWO DEPARTURE SL-9077 (FAA) DENVER, COLORADO

ATIS DEP 134.025


CLNC DEL
118.75
DENVER DEP CON
128.45 251.075

DENVER
117.9 DEN
Chan 126
N3948.75-W10439.65

194 0
FL 23

11000
156
(44)

(55)

SOLAR ADANE
N3908.80- N3854.91
W10503.55 W10423.95

R-086 HUGO
194

112.1 HGO
(7 5)

37

Chan 58
R -1

N3833.87
40

169
9000

(19)

W10524.04

40
X R-2
COLORADO SPRINGS
112.5 COS
Chan 72 DRAKE
N3836.40
7600
169
(19)

W10424.85
182

R -349
(7 5)

ALAMOSA
113.9 ALS PUEBLO
Chan 86 116.7 PUB
R -002

N3720.95-W10548.93 Chan 114


N3817.66-W10425.77
L-6, H-2
NOTE: Chart not to scale. L-6, H-2

ATB20-16

Textual Description
PILOT NAVIGATIONAL SID
Textual Description
T

DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION


Fly assigned heading for radar vectors to assigned transition. Maintain 10,000 feet or
assigned lower altitude. Expect filed altitude 10 minutes after departure.
LOST COMMUNICATIONS: If no transmissions are received within one minute after
departure, maintain assigned heading until 7000 feet, then climb to filed altitude via
direct DEN VOR/DME, thence via assigned transition. If filed altitude is above 10,000
feet, cross DEN VOR/DME at or above 11,000 feet.
ALAMOSA (HI) TRANSITION (PIKES2.ALS): From over DEN VOR/DME via DEN
R-194 and ALS R-002 to ALS VORTAC.
PUEBLO TRANSITION (PIKES2.PUB): From over DEN VOR/DME via DEN R-156
and PUB R-349 to PUB VORTAC.

PIKES TWO DEPARTURE DENVER, COLORADO


DENVER INTL (DEN)
(PIKES2.DEN) 03247

ATB20-16
VECTOR SID
Margin Information
VECTOR SID
Margin In formation

(O RD 1.O RD ) 0 31 91 S L-1 66 (FAA)


CHICAGO OHARE I NTL (ORD)
O H AR E ON E D EPA RTUR E CHICAG O , IL LI NOIS

A TB 20-1 5

Planview

VECTOR SID
Planview
CLNC DEL
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: For appropriate departure control
121.6
frequency, see graphic. Use frequency depicted within sector
FORT DODGE
where first fix/NAVAID for your route is located (sectors indicated
113.5 FOD
Chan 82 by dashed lines; frequencies in dashed box within).
N4226.67-W9417.69 CHICAGO DEP CON
L-11, H-3 EAST/NORTH
BADGER 125.0 337.4
DUBUQUE 116.4 BAE
Chan 111
PETTY
115.8 DBQ N4249.64
Chan 105 N4307.01-W8817.06 KEELER
W8738.04 116.6 ELX
N4224.09-W9042.55 L-23, H-3
L-23 Chan 113
L-11, H-3 N4208.66-W8607.36
POLO CHICAGO OHARE
111.2 PLL 113.9 ORD L-23, H-3
Chan 49 Chan 86
N4157.94 N4159.26- R-098
41
MOLINE W8931.45 W8754.29
MUSKY UNBAR
114.4 MZV L-11-23
N4209.12 N4202.90
Chan 91
SIMMN W8656.11
N4119.26 W8512.79
W9038.29 N4158.84- L-23 H-3
L-11, H-3
W8852.71
L-23 R-093
GIPPER
HINCK 115.4 GIJ
N4149.48 DUPAGE Chan 101
IOWA CITY W8840.46 108.4 DPA N4146.12
116.2 IOW L-23 Chan 21 W8619.10
Chan 109 N4153.42- L-23, H-3
PEOTONE
N4131.14 W8821.01
BRADFORD 113.2 EON
W9136.80 L-23 Chan 79
L-11, H-3 114.7 BDF
Chan 94 N4116.18-
N4109.58- NEWTT W8747.46
W8935.27 N4103.66 L-23, H-3
L-11-23, H-3 W8804.58 WORDY CHICAGO DEP CON
L-23 N4040.54 SOUTH
W8738.00 127.4 269.5
CHICAGO DEP CON H-3-4
WEST ROBERTS
GUIDO DANVILLE
125.4 307.2 116.8 RBS 111.0 DNV
Chan 115
4017.42-
Chan 47
N4034.90-W8809.86 8751.81 N4017.63-W8733.43
NOTE: Chart not to scale. H-3-4
L-23, H-3-4 L-23, H-3, 4

ATB20-15

Textual Description
VECTOR SID
Textual Description

T DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION


All aircraft expect radar vectors to first enroute navaid/fix. Expect
clearance to requested altitude/flight level 10 minutes after departure.
DME EQUIPPED AIRCRAFT Initially assigned heading 330 clockwise
through 060: Cross 5 DME arc of ORD at or above 3000, cross 8 DME
arc of ORD at or above 4000, maintain 5000 or assigned altitude. If
unable to comply, advise ATC as soon as possible prior to departure. ALL
OTHER DME AIRCRAFT: Cross 8 DME arc of ORD at or above 4000,
maintain 5000 or assigned altitude. If unable to comply, advise ATC as
soon as possible prior to departure.
NON-DME PROCEDURES: Aircraft initially assigned headings from
120, clockwise through 220, cross DPA R-093 at or above 4000,
maintain 5000 or assigned altitude.
If unable to comply, advise ATC as soon as possible prior to departure.

OHARE ONE DEPARTURE CHICAGO, ILLINOIS


CHICAGO OHARE INTL (ORD)
(ORD1.ORD) 03191
ATB20-15
PILOT NAVIGATIONAL SID VECTOR SID
MARGIN
(PIKES2.DEN) 03247
PIKES TWO DEPARTURE SL-9077 (F AA)
DENVER INTL (DEN)
DENVER, COLORADO
INFORMATION (ORD1.ORD) 03191 SL -166 (FAA)

OHARE ONE DEPARTURE


CHICAGO OHARE INTL (ORD)
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

ATIS DEP 134.025


CLNC DEL SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: For appropriate departure control
118.75 frequency, see graphic. Use frequency depicted within sector
DENVER DEP CON FORT DODGE
where fix fix/NAVAID for your route is located (sectors indicated by
128.45 251.075 113 .5 F OD
Chan 82 dashed lines; frequencies in dashed box within).
N4226.67-W9417 .69
CHICAGO DEP CON
DENVER
EAST/NORTH
117.9 DEN L-11, H-3
BADGER 125.0 337.4
Chan 105 116.4 BAE
N3948.75-W10439.65
DUBUQUE
Chan 111 PETTY
115 .8 DBQ N4249.64-
Chan 105 N43 07.01-W8817.06 KEELER
N4224.09-W9042 .55 W8738.04 116 .6 ELX
L-23, H-3 L-23 Chan 113
N4208.66-W8607 .36
L-11, H-3
POLO
CHICAGO OHARE

30
111.2 PLL L-23, H-3
113.9 ORD


2
Chan 49

1100
194
Chan 86

156
FL
N4157.94-

(44
R-098

(55)
W8931.45
N4159.26 -W8754.29 41

0
SOLAR ADANE MOLINE MUSKY UNBAR
114.4 MZV L-11-23 N4209.12-
N3908.80 N3854.91- Chan 91
SIMMN W8656.11
N4202.90-
W10423.95 N4119.26- W8512.79
W10503.55 W9038.29 N4158.84- L-23 H-3
W8852.71
L-11, H-3 L-23
HUGO HINCK R-093
182

PEOTONE
(75)

112.1 HGO N4149.48- 113.2 EON

169 3
(19) 7
Chan 58 W8840.46 DUPAGE Chan 79
N3833.87 L-23 N4116.18-
R-

9000 IOWA CIT Y 108.4 DPA


14

Chan 21 W8747.46
W10524.04 116.2 IOW
0

Chan 109 N4153.42 -


W8821.01 IOWA CIT Y L-23, H-3
0 N4131.14 -
X R- 24 W9136.80 BRADFORD L-23
116.2 IOW
Chan 109
COLORADO SPRINGS 114.7 BDF N4131.14-
L-11, H-3 Chan 94
112.5 COS W9136.80
N4109.58 - NEWTT
Chan 72 DRAKE W8935.27
N4103.66-
7600

L-11, H-3
R-349169
(19)

N3836.40- L-11-23 , H-3 W8804.58 WORDY CHICAGO DEP CON


W10424.85 L-23 N4040.54- SOUTH
182
(75)

W8738.00 127.4 269.5


ALAMOSA CHICAGO DEP CON H-3-4
PUEBLO WEST
113.9 ALS ROBERTS
2

Chan 86 116.7 PUB 125.4 307.4 GUIDO DANVILLE


R-00

116 .8 RBS 111.0 DNV


Chan 114 4017.42-
N3720.95-W10548.93 Chan 115 Chan 47
N3817.66-W10425.77 N4034.90-W88 09 .86 8751.81 N4017.63-W8733 .43
L-6, H-2 H-3-4
L-6, H-2 NOTE: C hart not to scale.
NOTE: Chart not to scale. L-2 3, H-3, 4

T T

DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION


All aircraft expect radar vectors to first enroute navaid/fix. Expect clearance to requested
Fly assigned heading for radar vectors to assigned transition. Maintain 10,000 feet or assigned lower
altitude/flight level 10 minutes after departure. DME EQUIPPED AIRCRAFT Initially assigned
altitude. Expect filed altitude 10 minutes after departure.
heading 330 clockwise through 060: Cross 5 DME arc of ORD at or above 3000, cross 8
LOST COMMUNICATIONS: If no transmission are received within one minute after departure, maintain
DME arc of ORD at or above 4000, maintain 5000 or assigned altitude. if unable to comply,
assigned heading until 7000 feet, then climb to filed altitude via direct DEN VOR/DME, thence via
advise ATC as soon as possible prior to departure. ALL OTHER DME AIRCRAFT: Cross 8
assigned transition. If filed altitude is above 10,000 feet, cross DEN VOR/DME at or above 11,000 feet.
DME arc of ORD at or above 4000, maintain 5000 or assigned altitude. If unable to comply,
ALAMOSE (HI) TRANSITION (PIKES2.ALS): From over DEN VOR/DME via DEN R-194 and ALS R-
advise ATC as soon as possible prior to departure.
002 to ALS VORTAC.
NON-DME PROCEDURES: Aircraft initially assigned headings from 120, clockwise
PUEBLO TRANSITION (PIKES2.PUB): From over DEN VOR/DME via DEN R-156 and PUB R-349 to
through 220, cross DPA R-093 at or above 4000, maintain 5000 or assigned altitude.
PUB VORTAC.
If unable to comply, advise ATC as soon as possible prior to departure.

PIKES TWO DEPARTURE


(PIKES2.DEN) 03247
DENVER, COLORADO
DENVER INTL (DEN) MARGIN OHARE ONE DEPARTURE CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
CHICAGO OHARE INTL (ORD)
INFORMATION (ORD1.ORD) 03191

ATB20-17

Shown in upper and lower margins

Listed in alphabetical order by city name, then airport name

SID and name are depicted as follows:

Full name of SID and computer entry coding


Airport name
City
PLANVIEW
ATIS DEP 134.025
CLNC DEL
118.75
DENVER DEP CON
128.45 251.075

DENVER
117.9 DEN
DENVER Chan 126
N3948.75-W10439.65
117.9 DEN
Chan 126
N3948.75-W10439.65

194 30

11000
(44)
FL 2
PLANVIEW

156
(55)
SOLAR ADANE
N3908.80 N3854.91
W10503.55 W10423.95

R-086 HUGO

194
112.1 HGO

(38)

37
Chan 58
N3833.87

R -1

169
9000

(19)
40
W10524.04
X 40
R-2
COLORADO SPRINGS
112.5 COS
Chan 72 DRAKE

7600
N3836.40

R -349 169
(19)
W10424.85
18 2
(75)

ALAMOSA
113.9 ALS PUEBLO
116.7 PUB
R -002

Chan 86
N3720.95-W10548.93 Chan 114
N3817.66-W10425.77
L-6, H-2
L-6, H-2
NOTE: Chart not to scale.
ATB20-18

The Planview contains many symbols which have already been studied, including:

Airport runways
Navigational aids such as VORs, VORTACs, and intersections
Primary NAVAID boxes:

NAVAID name
NAVAID frequency
NAVAID identifier
Morse Code Identifier
Channel number
Coordinates
Associated low and high altitude en route charts

Communication Frequency Section

Automatic Terminal Information Service (ATIS).


CLNC DEL - where SID will be assigned.
DEP CON - identifies the aircraft on the radar scope and controls it through terminal
airspace, then assigns it a center frequency.

Special information and notes


Departure routes
Transition route
Radials of departure routes
Distance between fixes
MEA
Examples:

Transition route
Departure route
Radial line
ROUTES
ATIS 127.15
GND CON
CORTEZ
121.7
108.4 CEZ
FARMINGTON TOWER
Chan 21
118.9 (CTAF) 257.8
N3723.39-W10833.71
DENVER CENTER
L-5 134.7 348.7
UNICOM 122.95

DURANGO
108.2 DRO
Chan 19
N3709.20-W10744.98
L-5
RIZAL
N3701.23
W10810.70
L-5

MARKE
N3703.35
PLATA W10803.88
N3659.46 L-5
W10816.37

FARMINGTON
115.3 FMN
Chan 100

TEXTUAL DESCRIPTION

TEXTUAL DESCRIPTION
T

DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION


Fly assigned heading for radar vectors to assigned transition. Maintain 10,000 feet or
assigned lower altitude. Expect filed altitude 10 minutes after departure.
LOST COMMUNICATIONS: If no transmissions are received within one minute after
departure, maintain assigned heading until 7000 feet, then climb to filed altitude via
direct DEN VOR/DME, thence via assigned transition. If filed altitude is above 10,000
feet, cross DEN VOR/DME at or above 11,000 feet.
ALAMOSA (HI) TRANSITION (PIKES2.ALS): From over DEN VOR/DME via DEN
R-194 and ALS R-002 to ALS VORTAC.
PUEBLO TRANSITION (PIKES2.PUB): From over DEN VOR/DME via DEN R-156
and PUB R-349 to PUB VORTAC.

PIKES TWO DEPARTURE DENVER, COLORADO


DENVER INTL (DEN)
(PIKES2.DEN) 03247

ATB20-20

The Textual Description is a narrative that correlates with the Planview. This is an essential
section of the SID layout.
A pilot may accept a SID even when only possessing either the graphical depiction or the
textual description of the SID.
No SID
If a pilot does not wish to use a SID or Flight Management System Procedure (FMSP),
he/she is expected to advise ATC.

An FMSP is an arrival, departure, or approach procedure developed for use by aircraft


with a slant (/) E or a slant (/) F equipment suffix.

Although it is NOT required, pilots are encouraged to include the phrase, No SID, in
the remarks portion of their flight plan.

The flight progress strip will reflect this decision.

NO SID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (FAA USE ONLY) PILOT BRIEFING VNR TIME STARTED SPECIALIST
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
INITIALS
FLIGHT PLAN STOPOVER

1. TYPE 2. AIRCRAFT 3. AIRCRAFT TYPE/ 4. TRUE 5. DEPARTURE POINT 6. DEPARTURE TIME 7. CRUISING
VFR IDENTIFICATION SPECIAL EQUIPMENT AIRSPEED PROPOSED (Z) ACTUAL (Z) ALTITUDE
IFR
DVFR KTS

8. ROUTE OF FLIGHT

9. DESTINATION (Name of airport 10. EST. TIME ENROUTE 11. REMARKS


NO SID

and city) HOURS MINUTES

12. FUEL ON BOARD 13. ALTERNATE AIRPORT(S) 14. PILOTS NAME, ADDRESS & TELEPHONE NUMBER & AIRCRAFT HOME BASE 15. NUMBER
HOURS MINUTES ABOARD
17. DESTINATION CONTACT/TELEPHONE (OPTIONAL)

16. COLOR OF AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT PILOTS, FAR Part 91 requires you to file an IFR flight plan to operate under Instrument flight rules in
controlled airspaces. Failure to file could result in a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000 for each violation (Section 901 of the
Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended). Filing of a VFR flight plan is recommended as a good operating practice. See also
Part 99 for requirements concerning DVFR flight plans.

FAA FORM 7233-1 (8-82) CLOSE VFR FLIGHT PLAN WITH ______________ FSS ON ARRIVAL

FLIGHT PROGRESS STRIP

NO SID
ATB20-21

RESPONSE ITEM

U.S. Terminal Procedure Charts are published every _____ days.

A. 28
B. 56
C. 112
RESPONSE ITEM

After locating the correct volume, the specialist should verify

A. whether the airport has a SID.


B. the currency of the volume.
C. whether the desired SID is a Vector or Pilot Navigational SID.

QUESTION: What is the primary reason SIDs have been developed?

USING A SID EXERCISE


Purpose This exercise will give you practice in using a SID.

Directions Scenario - The pilot of N100WN, a GLF3, is preparing to depart Phoenix


Sky Harbor Airport for Chicago OHare. ATIS has advised N100WN that
Runway 26R is active. The clearance delivery controller has cleared
N100WN ...via the EAGUL Three departure, Zuni transition.

1. What type of SID is the EAGUL Three departure?

2. Why is this type of SID used in the Phoenix area?

3. Can a Cessna 150 aircraft fly the EAGUL Three departure? Explain.

4. How many VORTACs are displayed on the EAGUL Three departure?

5. What navigational frequency will the pilot of N100WN have selected as the aircraft is
taking off from Sky Harbor Airport?

6. Must an aircraft have DME to execute the EAGUL Three departure? Explain.

7. What is the three-letter designator for Sky Harbor Airport?

8. On what frequency will a SID be issued?


9. Where does the EAGUL Three departure route terminate?

10. What is the altitude restriction at EAGUL Intersection? Is this AGL or MSL?

11. What is the minimum climb rate for this scenario?

12. Who is primarily responsible for navigation on this SID?

Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR)


A Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) is designed to expedite air traffic control arrival
procedures by simplifying clearance delivery and facilitating the transition between en route
and instrument approach operations.
Each STAR procedure is presented as a separate chart and may serve a single airport or more
than one airport in a given geographical location.

STANDARD TERMINAL ARRIVAL (STAR) CHART


96228
BRADFORD THREE ARRIVAL (BDF.BDF3)

BRADFORD THREE ARRIVAL (BDF.BDF3)


96228
ATIS 135.4 269.9 BAYLI TRANSITION (BAYLI.BDF3) CHICAGO OHARE
CHICAGO APP CON
128.45 363.8
KIRKSVILLE TRANSITION (IRK.BDF3) 113.9 ORD
Chan 86
N4159.26-W8754.29
From over BDF VORTAC via BDF R-062 to NEWRK INT, thence
direct ORD VOR/DME. Expect vector to final approach course.
NEWRK
BENKY N4133.97
N4130.70-W8842.54 W8834.27
TURBOJET VERTICAL NAVIGATION
PLANNING INFORMATION
Expect clearance to cross at
11,000 feet.
N
JOLIET
BRADFORD 112.3 JOT
114.7 BDF Chan 70
Chan 94
N4109.58-W8935.27

ST-166 (FAA)
TURBOJET VERTICAL NAVIGATION
PLANNING INFORMATION
Expect clearance to cross
at FL 240.

KEOKK
N4033.21
LOAMY W9124.23 WIMPI PONTIAC
N4010.69 109.6 PNT
N4025.47 Chan 33
W9147.06 W9036.37

CHICAGO-OHARE INTL
MAGOO
CHICAGO-OHARE INTL

N4001.50
W9045.71

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

KIRKSVILLE
CAPITAL
114.6 IRK 112.7 CAP
QUINCY BAYLI
Chan 93 Chan 74
113.6 UIN
N4008.10-W9235.50 N3944.35
Chan 83
L-11, H-4 W9102.97
H-3

STARs are similar to SIDs, but are for arrival aircraft, providing guidance to an outer fix or
an instrument approach fix in the terminal area.

STARs may serve several airports.

Use of a STAR requires pilot possession of the approved chart

Unlike SIDs, which are located with the Instrument Approach Procedures and the Airport
Diagram, STARs have their own separate section in the front of the book.

(NOTE: There is only one type of STAR, but some STARs are specifically designed for use
by aircraft with Area Navigation (RNAV) equipment. )
U.S. TERMINAL PROCEDURES CHART - STARs
U.S. TERMINAL PROCEDURES
CHART - STARs
INDEX OF TERMINAL CHARTS AND MINIMUMS

NAME PROC SECT PG NAME PROC SECT PG


CHICAGO, IL CHICAGO, IL (CONT)
CHICAGO MIDWAY MERRIL C. MIEGS
TAKE-OFF MINIMUMS C STARS . BOILER TWO P1
ALTERNATE MINIMUMS E GOSHEN THREE P3
STARS . BOILER TWO P1 MOTIF TWO P8
GOSHEN THREE P3
MOTIF TWO P8 CHICAGO (WHEELING), IL
IAPS ILS RWY 4R 90
PALWAUKEE MUNI
ILS RWY13C 91
ILS RWY 31C TAKE-OFF MINIMUMS C
92
MLS RWY 22L IAPS ILS RWY 16 134
93
NDB OR GPS RWY 4R VOR OR GPS RWY 16 135
94
NDB OR GPS RWY 31C AIRPORT DIAGRAM 136
95
VOR/DME RNAV OR GPS RWY 22L DPS PAL-WAUKEE TWO 137
96
I-55 VISUAL APPROACH RWY 13C 97
AIRPORT DIAGRAM 98
DPS MIDWAY FOUR 99

ATB20-28

SIDs AND STARs - ONE-WAY STREETS

SIDs AND STARs - ONE-WAY STREETS


STAR
SID SID

STAR STAR

SID SID
STAR
ATB20-29

Variables in determining which STAR will be assigned:

Traffic density
Direction from which the aircraft is approaching the airport
Weather phenomena, such as thunderstorms

In your airspace
In other centers airspace.

Terminal controllers MAY occasionally issue a specific STAR to an arriving IFR aircraft, but
not often.
En route controllers OFTEN issue STARs to aircraft during the en route segment of
their flight.

STAR
96228
BRADFORD THREE ARRIVAL (BDF.BDF3)

BRADFORD THREE ARRIVAL (BDF.BDF3)


96228
ATIS 135.4 269.9 BAYLI TRANSITION (BAYLI.BDF3) CHICAGO OHARE
CHICAGO APP CON
128.45 363.8
KIRKSVILLE TRANSITION (IRK.BDF3) 113.9 ORD
Chan 86
N4159.26-W8754.29
From over BDF VORTAC via BDF R-062 to NEWRK INT, thence
direct ORD VOR/DME. Expect vector to final approach course.
NEWRK
BENKY N4133.97
N4130.70-W8842.54 W8834.27
TURBOJET VERTICAL NAVIGATION
PLANNING INFORMATION
Expect clearance to cross at
11,000 feet.
N
JOLIET
BRADFORD 112.3 JOT
114.7 BDF Chan 70
Chan 94
N4109.58-W8935.27

ST-166 (FAA)
TURBOJET VERTICAL NAVIGATION
PLANNING INFORMATION
Expect clearance to cross
at FL 240.

KEOKK
N4033.21
LOAMY W9124.23 WIMPI PONTIAC
N4010.69 109.6 PNT
N4025.47 Chan 33
W9147.06 W9036.37

CHICAGO-OHARE INTL
MAGOO
CHICAGO-OHARE INTL

N4001.50
W9045.71

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

KIRKSVILLE
CAPITAL
114.6 IRK 112.7 CAP
QUINCY BAYLI
Chan 93 Chan 74
113.6 UIN
N4008.10-W9235.50 N3944.35
Chan 83
L-11, H-4 W9102.97
H-3

Like the SID, the STAR has three sections:

Margin Information
Planview
Textual Description
The STAR begins at BDF VORTAC with the thick black line and terminates at ORD
VOR/DME with the thick black arrowhead.

Notice the same NAVAID symbols as on previous charts


The Bradford Three arrival begins 91 NM from the Chicago OHare airport at BDF
VORTAC.

STARs and their related transitions are long-range planning tools that funnel arrival traffic
into one-way corridors.

Example: The Kirksville Transition begins 241 NM from ORD and the BAYLI Transition 200
NM from ORD.

Frequencies/Navigational/Communications

Turbojet Vertical Navigation Planning Information is located at both the BDF VORTAC and
the Benky intersection.

They are both expect clearances, and not to be executed until the controller issues
the clearance.

The Textual Description in this example is brief because of the vertical planning
information.
No STAR

NO STAR
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (FAA USE ONLY) PILOT BRIEFING VNR TIME STARTED SPECIALIST
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
INITIALS
FLIGHT PLAN STOPOVER

1. TYPE 2. AIRCRAFT 3. AIRCRAFT TYPE/ 4. TRUE 5. DEPARTURE POINT 6. DEPARTURE TIME 7. CRUISING
VFR IDENTIFICATION SPECIAL EQUIPMENT AIRSPEED PROPOSED (Z) ACTUAL (Z) ALTITUDE
IFR
DVFR KTS

8. ROUTE OF FLIGHT
NO STAR

9. DESTINATION (Name of airport 10. EST. TIME ENROUTE 11. REMARKS


and city) HOURS MINUTES

12. FUEL ON BOARD 13. ALTERNATE AIRPORT(S) 14. PILOTS NAME, ADDRESS & TELEPHONE NUMBER & AIRCRAFT HOME BASE 15. NUMBER
HOURS MINUTES ABOARD
17. DESTINATION CONTACT/TELEPHONE (OPTIONAL)

16. COLOR OF AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT PILOTS, FAR Part 91 requires you to file an IFR flight plan to operate under Instrument flight rules in
controlled airspaces. Failure to file could result in a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000 for each violation (Section 901 of the
Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended). Filing of a VFR flight plan is recommended as a good operating practice. See also
Part 99 for requirements concerning DVFR flight plans.

FAA FORM 7233-1 (8-82) CLOSE VFR FLIGHT PLAN WITH ______________ FSS ON ARRIVAL

FLIGHT PROGRESS STRIP

NO STAR
ATB20-31

Although it is NOT required, pilots are encouraged to include the phrase, No STAR on
their flight plan if they do not wish to be issued a Standard Terminal Arrival Route.
The flight progress strip will reflect this decision.

USING A STAR EXERCISE


Purpose This exercise will give you practice in using a STAR
Scenario - The pilot of N808EP, a DC8, is en route to Las Vegas, Nevada from New York
City. Somewhere over Nebraska at FL280, the pilot receives a clearance Direct PGS
(Peach Springs) the Veeva Two Arrival to LAS (Las Vegas).

1. Normally, what type of controller cleared N808EP for the Veeva Two Arrival?

2. When N808EP received the Veeva Two Arrival clearance, what type of navigational chart
was the pilot using?

3. What must a pilot possess before accepting a STAR clearance?

4. Why isnt the altitude information at Veeva included in the Textual Description?

5. After receiving the clearance Direct PGS the Veeva Two Arrival to LAS, what frequency
would the pilot select to navigate direct PGS?

6. To find out the LAS weather, approach-in-use and active runway, what frequency would
the pilot select?

7. How can a pilot identify Veeva intersection?

8. Where does the Veeva Two Arrival terminate?


9. What is the lowest usable altitude that N808EP can be assigned on the Veeva Two
Arrival? Is this MSL or AGL?

10. May the Needles transition be used, if desired?

11. What frequency will the last en route controller assign to N808EP?

12. If the active runway at LAS is RWY 19L, what will N808EP do after BLD VORTAC?
APPENDIX B: VEEVA TWO ARRIVAL