Review pal examen de Science!!

What is matter? • Everything is made of matter. Matter is anything that has volume and mass. \

Volume: • • The space an object occupies is volume. The volume of a liquid is measured by pouring the liquid in a container and looking at the bottom of the meniscus. It is measured in (L) liters and (mL) milliliters. The volume of a solid is measured by multiplying height by width by length (V = H x L x W). It is measured in (m3) cubic meters and (cm3) cubic centimeters. The volume of gas is measured by putting tha gas in a container, and if you know the volume of the container then you know the volume of the gas.

Mass: • • • • • The amount of matter an object is made up is called mass. All matter has mass. Mass is always constant for an object no matter where the object is in the universe, It is measured with a balance. It is expressed in kilograms (kg), grams (g), and milligrams (mg).

Weight:

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A measure of the gravitacional force on an object is called weight. It varies depending on where the object is in relation to the Earth (or any other large body in the universe). It is measured with a spring scale. It is expressed in newtons (N).

*Gravity is a force of attraction between objects that is due to their masses.

Inertia: • • The tendency of all objects to resist any change in motion is called inertia. Mass is a mesure of inertia because an object with a large mass is harder to start in motion and harder to stop than an object with a smaller mass. Large mass = Large inertia

Describing matter: • Knowing the properties of an object can help you determine the object’s identity.

Physical Properties: • • • Color, odor, mass and volume are physical properties. A physical property can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the matter. Other physical properties are:

More Physical

Properties

Physical Properties
Themal Conductivity

Definition
The ability to transfer thermal energy from one area to another. The physical form in which substance exits, such as solid, liquid, or gas. The ability to be pounded into thin sheets. The ability to be drawn or pulled into a wire. The ability to dissolve in another substance. Mass per unit per volume

Example
Plastic foam is a poor conductor, so hot chocolate in a plastic foam cup will not burn your hands. Ice is water in its solid state. Alluminium can be rolled or pounded into sheets to make foil. Copper is often used to make wiring. Sugar dissolves in water. Lead is used to make snikers for fishing line because lead is more dense than water.

State

Malleability

Ductility Solubility Density

Density: • • • • The amount of matter in a given space or volume is called density. To find an objects density first measure its mass and volume and use the following equation: D = M/V It is expressed using a mass unit divided by a volume unit such as g/cm3, g/mL, kg/m3, and kg/L. In liquids, the densest its at the bottom of the container while the least dense its at the top.

Chemical Properties:

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Chemical properties describe a substance based on its ability to change in a new substance with different properties. Flammability: the ability to burn. Reactivity: when two substances get together something can happen.

Charasteristics properties: • • Density , solubility , and reactivity with acids are some characteristics properties. The characteristics properties of a substance are always the same whether the example you are observing is large or small.

Physical Changes: • • A physical change is a change that affects one or more physical properties of a substance. Almost all physical changes can be undone.

Chemical changes: • A chemical change occurs when one or more substances are changed into entirely new substances with different properties. Chemical changes often cause color changes, fizzing or foaming, heat, or the production of sound, light or odor. Almost all chemical changes cant be undone.

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