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SPM Directed Writing


You are concerned over the implications and long-term health effects of the haze. Write an article
to the local newspaper expressing your concern based on all the notes below.

the reasons behind the haze

role of government and society
steps that can be taken
give relevant examples of:
- health complications

- measures

- roles of government and individuals

When writing the article you should remember:

- to lay out the article carefully

- to use paragraphs

- that your article is to the reader

Haze: A Danger to Health

Written by: Shuhaimi Ahmad

The haze is a constant phenomenon faced by Malaysia and her neighbouring countries.
The haze is basically pollution of atmosphere, which is clogged with pollutants and other
substances from forest fires.

The haze is a direct effect of forest fire in Kalimantan and other parts of Indonesia due to
slash and burn method of farming. The Indonesian authorities appear to have no power to control
farmers from practising such methods. The haze is further worsened by open burning practised
by most Malaysians. Open-field burning of rice straw by the rice planters and open burning of
dried leaves and garbage done by the public are a few examples that done by Malaysian. Many
are ignorant of the health effects of open burning.

During the haze, hospitals and clinic often report a dramatic increase in respiratory
problems, lung infections and asthma attack. The Air Pollution Index (API) usually indicates the
hazardous and dangerous levels of pollution during this period. The haze has long-term side
effects. Prolonged inhalation of polluted air will result in serious lung infection which
particularly affects the elderly.

The government must play its role to reduce the haze treat. It has to cooperate with the
Indonesian authorities to stamp out forest fires. The culprits must be brought to justice, either
through healthy fine or prison sentence. Constant vigilance would ensure the perpetrators do not
repeat their offence.

The government should also raise the public awareness of the dangers of forest fire. Continuous
campaign of the cause, solutions and steps-need-to-be-taken to reduce the haze need to be
promoted through all types of social media like television, radio, newspaper and even via
internet. The authorities should also provide assistance to farmers and introduce more
sophisticated forest clearing methods.

In Malaysia, strict laws must be imposed to penalise those who practise open burning.
On-going campaigns on the dangers of open burning should be intensified. Individuals too have
a role to play. They must participate in every campaign and stop burning. Students can advise
their parents not to practice open burning.

Every individual has to remember that we do not own the world, but instead we lent it
from our future generations. We must protect our world so that our grandchildren woulh have a
healthy earth to live.