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Mechanical MECH3344 Spring

Vibrations 2017

Problem Set 03 (Textbook, Rao, 6th edition)


Problem 1 (Text 2.142 (Fig 2.119)). Derive the equation of motion and find the natural frequency of
vibration of the system shown in Fig. 1.

Problem 2 (Text 2.125). A simple pendulum is found to vibrate at a frequency of 0.5 Hz in a


vacuum and 0.45 Hz in a viscous fluid medium. Find the damping constant, assuming the
mass of the bob of the pendulum is 1 kg.

Problem 3( Text 2.126). The ratio of successive amplitudes of a viscously damped single-degree-
of-freedom system is found to be 18:1. Determine the ratio of successive amplitudes if
the amount of damping is (a) doubled, and (b) halved.

Problem 4(text 2.130). The free-vibration responses of an electric motor of weight 500 N mounted
on different types of foundations are shown in Fig. 4. Identify the following in each case: (i)
the nature of damping provided by the foundation, (ii) the spring constant and damping
coefficient of the foundation, and (iii) the undamped and damped natural frequencies of the
electric motor.

Problem 5 (Text 2.132). A railroad car of mass 2,000 kg traveling at a velocity v = 10 m/s is
stopped at the end of the tracks by a spring-damper system, as shown in Fig. 5. If the stiffness
of the spring is k =
80 N/mm and the damping constant is c = 20 N-s/mm determine (a) the maximum
displacement of the car after engaging the springs and damper and (b) the time taken to
reach the maximum displacement.

Figure 05
Figure 01

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Mechanical MECH3344 Spring
Vibrations 2017

Figure 04

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Problem 6 (Text 2.136). A body vibrating with viscous damping makes five complete oscillations
per second, and in 50 cycles its amplitude diminishes to 10 percent. Determine the
logarithmic decrement and the damping ratio. In what proportion will the period of vibration
be decreased if damping is removed?

Problem 7 (Text 2.146). A wooden rectangular prism of weight 9 kg, height 90 cm, and cross section
30 cm x 60 cm floats and remains vertical in a tub of fluid, as shown in Figure 7. The
prism, when disturbed, is observed to vibrate freely with a natural period of 0.5 s. Determine
the density of the fluid.

Problem 8 (Text2.129a). Determine the values of and d for the following viscously damped
system with m = 10 kg, c = 150 N-s/m, k = 1000 N/m.

Problem 9 (Text 2.150). Determine the free-vibration response of the viscously damped systems
described in
Problem 8 xo 0.1 m, xo 10 m/s .
when
Figure 07